CN212086139U - Device for enabling tracking module to synchronously track first target and solar equipment - Google Patents

Device for enabling tracking module to synchronously track first target and solar equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212086139U
CN212086139U CN202020640269.7U CN202020640269U CN212086139U CN 212086139 U CN212086139 U CN 212086139U CN 202020640269 U CN202020640269 U CN 202020640269U CN 212086139 U CN212086139 U CN 212086139U
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module
guide rail
tracking
section
fixed base
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CN202020640269.7U
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Chinese (zh)
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李道运
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

A device for enabling a tracking module to synchronously track a first target belongs to the field of target tracking. The tracking module is provided with a second set ray which is matched with the first set ray and comprises a fixed base for installing the tracking module, a fixed base reverse rotation resetting module and a fixed base elevation angle adjusting module; the fixed base counter-rotation reset module comprises a connecting base and a connecting base driving part for driving the connecting base to rotate at a constant speed or step by step in a tracking time period; the fixed base is rotatably connected with the connecting base; the fixed base elevation angle adjusting module is matched with the fixed base contrarotation resetting module and used for enabling the first set ray and the second set ray to coincide oppositely and adjust synchronously in the tracking time interval. A solar power plant includes a solar power utilization module and means for synchronizing a tracking module to a first target, the solar power utilization module being mounted on a stationary base. The efficiency of the solar energy utilization module in utilizing sunlight can be improved.

Description

Device for enabling tracking module to synchronously track first target and solar equipment
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a tracking means technical field, concretely relates to a device for making tracking module synchronous tracking first target.
The utility model discloses still relate to solar energy and utilize technical field, concretely relates to solar energy equipment, for example solar power system, solar water heating equipment.
Background
It is known that when the direction of the solar energy utilization device coincides with the sunlight, the sunlight utilization efficiency of the solar energy utilization device is the highest. Meanwhile, as the earth rotates and revolves around the sun, the elevation angle and the orientation angle of the solar power utilization apparatus mounted on the earth with respect to the sun may vary. In order to improve the sunlight utilization efficiency of the solar energy utilization device, it is necessary to enable the solar energy utilization device to synchronously track the incident direction of sunlight.
Patent document CN206479847U describes a tracking type solar photovoltaic power generation device, which comprises a mechanical device and a solar automatic tracking control circuit, wherein the mechanical device comprises a base, a horizontally moving supporting plate which horizontally moves is mounted on the base through a guide rail, the horizontally moving supporting plate is connected with a horizontal driving motor, a support is fixedly mounted on the horizontally moving supporting plate, the top end of the support is hinged with a battery plate frame, a battery plate is mounted above the battery plate frame, and a light sensor is mounted on the surface of the battery plate; an electric telescopic rod for driving the battery panel frame to rotate around the bracket is fixedly arranged on the horizontal moving supporting plate, and the top end of the electric telescopic rod (4) is hinged with the middle part of the battery panel frame; the battery plate is connected with a storage battery. According to the technical scheme, the optimal orientation of the cell panel is obtained by adopting the light ray sensor, so that the solar utilization efficiency is improved. However, the automated tracking tool wastes energy and occupies scarce resources.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
A first object of the present invention is to provide a device for enabling a tracking module to synchronously track a first target, so as to provide an apparatus capable of accurately enabling the tracking module to track the first target from the perspective of a new technical route.
A second object of the present invention is to provide a solar device to solve the technical problem of low solar energy utilization rate of the existing solar device.
In order to realize the first purpose of the present invention, the following technical solutions can be selected as required:
a device for enabling a tracking module to synchronously track a first target, wherein the first target is provided with a matched first set ray, the tracking module is provided with a matched second set ray, and the device comprises a fixed base for installing the tracking module, a fixed base reverse rotation resetting module and a fixed base elevation angle adjusting module; the fixed base counter-rotation reset module comprises a connecting base and a connecting base driving part, and the connecting base driving part is used for driving the connecting base to rotate at a constant speed or step by step in a tracking time interval; the fixed base is rotatably connected with the connecting base; the fixed base elevation angle adjusting module is matched with the fixed base contrarotation resetting module and used for enabling the first set ray and the second set ray to coincide oppositely and adjust synchronously in a tracking time interval.
Preferably, the elevation angle adjusting module of the fixed base comprises an elevation angle synchronous adjusting mechanism in a rotation period and an elevation angle synchronous adjusting mechanism in a revolution period, the elevation angle synchronous adjusting mechanism in the rotation period is used for smoothly adjusting the elevation angle of the fixed base in the tracking time period of each rotation period from 0 degrees to beta and then from beta to 0 degrees, and the beta is greater than 0 degrees and is less than or equal to 90 degrees; the elevation angle synchronous adjusting mechanism in the revolution period is used for enabling the elevation angle of the fixed base in the tracking period of each revolution period to be increased from gamma to gamma by fine adjustment of the rotation period and then reduced from the fine adjustment to gamma.
Further, the connecting base is used for rotating around the Z axis thereof; the fixed base is used for rotating around the X axis of the connecting base.
Still further, the rotation period of the tracking module is T1The revolution period of the tracking module relative to the first target is T2The connection base driving part is used for enabling the rotation angular speed of the connection base in the tracking time interval to beOr the connection base driving part is used for enabling the connection base to be used every time in the tracking periodThe duration step angle alpha.
Further, the first target is the sun, the connecting base is used for being rotatably connected to the earth, and the rotating shaft of the connecting base is coincident with the vertical line; the elevation angle synchronous adjusting mechanism in the rotation period comprises a guide rail, a sliding block and a sliding block driving part, wherein the guide rail is connected with a sliding block moving pair, the guide rail is provided with a first section, a second section and a third section, the sliding block driving part drives the sliding block to be in a process of being transited from the first section of the guide rail to the second section of the guide rail, the elevation angle of the tracking module is smoothly adjusted from 0 degrees to 60 degrees, the sliding block driving part drives the sliding block to be in a process of being transited from the second section of the guide rail to the third section of the guide rail, and the elevation angle of the tracking module is smoothly adjusted from 60 degrees to 0 degrees.
Still further, the rotation period of the tracking module is T1The slide block driving part is used for driving the slide block to transition from the first section of the guide rail to the second section of the guide rail at a constant speed, and the slide block is used for transition from the first section of the guide rail to the second section of the guide railThe slide block driving part is also used for driving the slide block to transit from the second section of the guide rail to the third section of the guide rail at a constant speed, and when the slide block transits from the second section of the guide rail to the third section of the guide rail, the slide block is used
Still further, the elevation angle synchronous adjusting mechanism in the revolution period comprises a guide rail rotating part for driving the guide rail to rotate.
Still further, the guide rail rotating part is used for driving the guide rail to rotate in each rotation period T1During the forward or reverse rotationRotate 0.210 deg. upwards.
A solar installation comprising a solar energy utilization module and the aforementioned means for synchronizing a tracking module to a first target, said solar energy utilization module belonging to said tracking module, said solar energy utilization module being mounted on said fixed base.
Further, the solar energy utilization module comprises a solar heat collector or a solar panel.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that:
1. the utility model discloses a fixed base contra-rotation reset module is used for making the fixed base of the device positioned on the attachment contra-rotate to move, so that the second set ray of the tracking module and the first set ray are on the same plane; the utility model discloses a fixed baseplate angle of elevation adjustment module is used for making tracking module's second to set for the ray and the first ray coincidence of setting for in opposite directions, and fixed baseplate angle of elevation adjustment module and the cooperation of the fixed baseplate anti-rotation module that resets for make first setting for the ray and the second set for the ray and in the tracking period coincident in opposite directions and synchronous adjustment.
2. The inventor observes in Shanghai (northern latitude 30 degrees 40 '-31 degrees 53'), Yunnan (northern latitude 21 degrees 8 '-29 degrees 15'), Henan (northern latitude 31 degrees 23 '-36 degrees 22'): during each rotation period of the earth, let t be when the inventor observes that the sun rises to the horizon7Time of day, t is observed when the sun is at the highest point of the day13At the moment, t is observed when the sun falls on the horizon19The time of day. From t within each rotation period of the earth7Time to t13At the moment, the altitude of the sun increases by 10 ° per hour from t13Time to t19At that moment, the solar altitude decreases by 10 ° per hour. Taking the case that the tracking module adopts a solar energy utilization module and the first target is the sun, the rotation period of the earth is 24 hours, and the rotation angle of the connecting base per hour is 15 degrees. At the same time, at t7At time, the slider driving part drives the slider to be disposed at a first cross section of the guide rail at t13At a moment, the slider driving section drives the slider to be disposed at the second section of the guide rail at t19Time of dayThe elevation angle synchronous adjusting mechanism in the rotation cycle can enable the set ray of the tracking module to accord with the movement rules of the sun and the earth, and the solar energy utilization module can efficiently acquire sunlight in the rotation cycle of the earth, so that the utilization efficiency of solar energy is improved.
3. The inventor observes in Shanghai (northern latitude 30 degrees 40 '-31 degrees 53'), Yunnan (northern latitude 21 degrees 8 '-29 degrees 15'), Henan (northern latitude 31 degrees 23 '-36 degrees 22'): the projection line of the 300mm vertical needle on the horizontal plane is extended by 585.6mm from summer solstice (21 6 months per year) to winter solstice (21 months per year), and the projection line of the 300mm vertical needle on the horizontal plane is shortened by 585.6mm from winter solstice to summer solstice of the second year. After conversion, the rotation of the guide rail rotating part is performed in each rotation period T1Rotated 0.210 deg.. That is to say, when the sun in the summer solstice is at the highest point of each day, the elevation angle between the second set ray of the tracking module and the horizontal plane is 60 °, from the summer solstice to the winter solstice, the elevation angle of the tracking module needs to be finely adjusted by 0.210 ° day by day, from the winter solstice to the summer solstice in the second year, the elevation angle of the tracking module needs to be finely adjusted by 0.210 ° day by day, and by such a mechanism for synchronously adjusting the elevation angle in the revolution period, the set ray of the tracking module can be made to conform to the motion laws of the sun and the earth, and the solar energy utilization module can efficiently acquire sunlight in the revolution period of the earth, thereby improving the utilization efficiency.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a top view of an apparatus for synchronously tracking the sun with a solar module according to the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a front view of fig. 1, without the connecting rod.
Fig. 3 is a partial structural view of an elevation angle synchronous adjustment mechanism in a revolution period of the device for enabling the solar module to synchronously track the sun in fig. 1.
FIG. 4 is a structural diagram of the guide rail of the present invention, in which t is taken at an interval of 15 degrees on the center line of the guide rail7Point, t8Point, t9Point, t10Point, t11Point, t12Point, t13Point, t14Point, t15Point, t16Point, t17Point, t18Point, t19With points in cross-section and showing the t of the guide rail respectively7Point, t8Point, t9Point, t10Point, t11Point, t12Point, t13Point, t14Point, t15Point, t16Point, t17Point, t18Point, t19Cross-sectional view of a dot.
Fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view of a fixed base anti-rotation reset module of a device for synchronously tracking the sun by a solar module according to the present invention.
Reference numeral indicates, 10-connecting base, 11-pivoting seat, 12-guide groove, 20-guide rail, 21-pivoting seat, 22-spur rack, 23-driving motor, 24-transmission rod, 30-guide rail, 31-rotating rod, 32-pivoting seat, 33-sliding block, 40-supporting frame, 41-thrust bearing, 42-rotating shaft and 43-driving motor.
Detailed Description
The present invention is described below in terms of embodiments with reference to the accompanying drawings to assist those skilled in the art in understanding and realizing the invention. Unless otherwise indicated, the following embodiments and technical terms therein should not be understood to depart from the background of the technical knowledge in the technical field.
According to the common knowledge, the rotation period of the earth is 24 hours, and the revolution period of the earth around the sun is about 365 days.
The inventor observes in Shanghai (northern latitude 30 degrees 40 '-31 degrees 53'), Yunnan (northern latitude 21 degrees 8 '-29 degrees 15'), Henan (northern latitude 31 degrees 23 '-36 degrees 22'): during each rotation period of the earth, let t be when the inventor observes that the sun rises to the horizon7Time of day, t is observed when the sun is at the highest point of the day13At that moment, the sun is observed to fall on the horizonAt time t19The time of day. From t within each rotation period of the earth7Time to t13At the moment, the elevation angle of the sun increases by 10 ° per hour, i.e. the elevation angle of the tracking module needs to increase by 10 ° per hour, from t13Time to t19At that moment, the elevation angle of the sun is reduced by 10 ° per hour, i.e. the elevation angle of the tracking module needs to be reduced by 10 ° per hour. In each revolution cycle of the earth, from summer solstice (21 6 months per year) to winter solstice (21 months per year), the projection line of the 300mm vertical needle on the horizontal plane is extended by 585.6mm, and from the winter solstice to the summer solstice of the next year, the projection line of the 300mm vertical needle on the horizontal plane is shortened by 585.6 mm. After conversion, from summer solstice to winter solstice, the elevation angle of the tracking module needs to be finely adjusted by 0.210 degree day by day, and from winter solstice to summer solstice of the second year, the elevation angle of the tracking module needs to be finely adjusted by 0.210 degree day by day.
In addition, since the sun is particularly distant from the earth, the sunlight received by the solar device installed on the earth can be considered as parallel light.
The utility model discloses a device for making first target of tracking module synchronous tracking, first target have the first ray of setting for of matching, and tracking module has the second of matching and sets for the ray, and the device is used for making first ray of setting for and second set for the ray and in the tracking period coincident in opposite directions and synchronous adjustment, and the coincidence is also exactly two rays are anti-, and has the line segment of coincidence. Taking the tracking module as a solar energy utilization module and the first target as the sun as an example, firstly, for the solar energy utilization module, a certain beam of sunlight emitted by the sun belongs to a first set ray; secondly, a second set ray of the solar energy utilization module is a ray with the highest received light energy of the solar energy utilization module; thirdly, taking the solar energy utilization module as an example, the solar energy utilization module is arranged on the earth, in the movement system formed by the earth and the sun, the earth has a movement mode of rotating and revolving around the sun, the solar energy utilization module arranged on the earth can also rotate along with the earth and revolve around the sun, at this time, the rotation period of the tracking module around the rotation shaft is 24 hours, and the revolution period of the tracking module relative to the first target is 365 days.
The utility model discloses a device for making first target of tracking module synchronous tracking is including the fixed baseplate, the fixed baseplate anti-rotation module that resets and the fixed baseplate angle of elevation adjustment module that are used for installing tracking module.
The fixed base counter-rotation reset module comprises a connecting base and a connecting base driving part, and the connecting base driving part is used for driving the connecting base to rotate at a constant speed or rotate step by step in a tracking time interval. In engineering, the uniform rotation can be regarded as the average rotation speed of the instantaneous stepping rotation.
The fixed base is rotatably connected with the connecting base.
The fixed base elevation angle adjusting module is matched with the fixed base reverse rotation resetting module and used for enabling the first set ray and the second set ray to coincide oppositely and adjust synchronously in the tracking time interval.
Example 1: a device for enabling a solar energy utilization module to synchronously track the sun comprises a fixed base for installing the solar energy utilization module, a fixed base reverse rotation reset module and a fixed base elevation angle adjusting module. For a solar energy utilization module, the tracking period is the period during which the first set ray of the sun can travel through the solar energy utilization module, colloquially the day.
The fixed base counter-rotation reset module comprises a connecting base 10 and a connecting base driving part, wherein the connecting base driving part is used for driving the connecting base 10 to rotate at a constant speed or rotate step by step in a tracking time interval.
Preferably, the base 10 is attached for rotation about its Z-axis. The fixed base counter-rotation resetting module can further comprise a support frame 40, the connecting base 10 is rotatably connected with the support frame 40, and therefore the connecting base 10 can be conveniently moved by moving the support frame 40. Referring to fig. 5, the connection base 10 is fixedly connected with a rotating shaft 42, the rotating shaft 42 is rotatably connected with the support frame 40 through an XY plane positioning bearing and a Z-direction thrust bearing, the support frame 40 is also fixedly connected with a driving motor 43, and an output shaft of the driving motor 43 is in transmission connection with the rotating shaft 42. In fig. 5, the tapered roller bearing has both functions of an XY plane positioning bearing and a Z direction thrust bearing, and since the movement of the tracking module may cause the weight of the connection base 10 to be heavy, a thrust bearing 41 is further provided between the connection base 10 and the support frame 40. The drive motor 43 and corresponding transmission mechanism in fig. 5 are formed in connection with the base drive.
Of course, in addition to the manmade objects forming the support frame 40, rocks and clods on the earth may form the support frame connected to the base 10.
Preferably, if the solar energy utilization module installed on the earth has a rotation period T around the earth rotation axis following the earth1The connection base driving part is used for enabling the rotation angular speed of the connection base 10 in the tracking period to beOr the connection base driving part for making the connection base 10 every tracking periodThe step angle of the duration is alpha. When the solar energy collecting device is used, the fixed base reverse rotation reset module enables the solar energy module to face to the position of the sun in the east direction when the sun rises to the horizon of the earth, and enables the solar energy module to face to the position of the sun in the west direction when the sun falls to the horizon of the earth. At night, the connecting base driving part drives the connecting base to drive the solar module to reset.
The fixed base 33 is rotatably connected to the connection base 10. Preferably, the fixed base 33 is adapted to rotate about the X-axis of the connection base 10.
Preferably, the elevation angle adjusting module of the fixed base comprises an elevation angle synchronous adjusting mechanism in the rotation period and an elevation angle synchronous adjusting mechanism in the revolution period, the elevation angle synchronous adjusting mechanism in the rotation period is used for enabling the elevation angle of the fixed base in the tracking period of each rotation period to be smoothly adjusted from 0 degrees to beta degrees and then smoothly adjusted from beta degrees to 0 degrees, and the beta degrees are more than 0 degrees and less than or equal to 90 degrees; the elevation angle synchronous adjusting mechanism in the revolution period is used for enabling the elevation angle of the fixed base in the tracking period of each revolution period to be increased from gamma to gamma by fine adjustment of the rotation period and then reduced from the fine adjustment to gamma. Wherein, beta, gamma and gamma are all angle values.
Preferably, referring to fig. 1-3, the elevation angle synchronous adjustment mechanism in the rotation cycle comprises a guide rail 30 and a slide block 33 connected with the moving pair, and the slide block 33 forms a fixed base for installing the tracking module. Referring to fig. 4, the guide rail is of a structure: the central line of the guide rail is a semicircular arc, and t is taken from the central line7Point, t13Point, t19The points (two adjacent points are spaced by 90 degrees) are respectively taken as a first section, a second section and a third section, wherein t7Point sum t13The point guide track section is formed by fixing t7First section of the point, twisted counterclockwise by t13The second section of the point is 60 degrees, so that a uniformly changed torsion piece is formed; t is t13Point sum t19The point guide track section is formed by fixing t13First section of the point, clockwise twist t19The second section of the point is 60 deg., so that it forms a uniformly varying twist. Referring to FIG. 4, t is taken on the centerline7Point, t8Point, t9Point, t10Point, t11Point, t12Point, t13Point, t14Point, t15Point, t16Point, t17Point, t18Point, t19The points (two adjacent points separated by 15 degrees) are respectively taken as cross sections at t7Point sum t13In the guide rail section of the point, the central point is taken as an alignment reference point, and out of every two adjacent cross sections, the subsequent cross section is rotated by 10 degrees anticlockwise and then is superposed with the previous cross section at t13Point sum t19In the guide rail section of the point, the central point is used as an alignment reference point, and the subsequent section is overlapped with the previous section after clockwise rotating by 10 degrees out of every two adjacent sections. Of course, the cross-sectional overlapping region described above mainly refers to the contour of the connecting surface between the slider 33 and the rail 33. Referring to fig. 1, since the slider 33 has a width, both ends of the guide rail 30 need to be extended by half the width of the slider 33 toward both ends, and likewise, the guide rail needs to be smoothly transited at both sides of the second cross section so that the slider passes through the second cross section position by sliding. Since the fixed base 33 needs to be rotatably connected to the connection base 10, the two ends of the guide rail 30 are fixedly connected to the rotating rod 31, and the rotating rod 31 is sleeved with a pivot seat 32 for pivotingThe seat 32 is fixedly connected with the connection base 10, and the pivot seat 32 is connected with the rotating pair of the rotating rod 31.
It should be understood that the centerline of the guide track 30 need not be a semicircular arc, and that arcs, straight lines, etc. are possible. When the center line of the guide rail 30 is a straight line, the structure of the fixing base 30 is simpler.
The slider driving section for driving the slider 33 to slide along the guide rail 30 is not shown in fig. 1 to 3. The slide block driving part can be a walking mechanism or a swinging mechanism. Generally, if the slide block driving part selects a walking mechanism, if the walking mechanism is a driving wheel, the driving wheel needs to be arranged on the slide block 33; if the walking mechanism is a driven wheel driven by a transmission belt, the driven wheel needs to be arranged on the sliding block 33, and the transmission belt needs to be arranged on the guide rail 30; if the sliding block driving part selects the swing mechanism, the swing mechanism can be arranged on the guide rail, at the moment, the swing shaft of the swing mechanism is arranged at the circle center of the arc-shaped center line, and the swing rod of the swing mechanism is fixedly connected or connected with the sliding block in a shifting manner; the swing mechanism can also be arranged on the slide block, and at the moment, the swing rod of the swing mechanism needs to be fixedly connected or connected with the positioning rotating shaft at the circle center of the arc-shaped center line in a shifting mode.
It should be understood that the length (or arc length) of the rail between the first and second cross-sections and the length (or arc length) of the rail between the second and third cross-sections need not be equal. When the slide block 33 is driven by the slide block driving part at a constant speed to transition from the first section of the guide rail 30 to the second section of the guide rail 30 and the slide block 33 is driven by the slide block driving part to transition from the first section of the guide rail 30 to the second section of the guide rail 30 within the tracking periodWhen the slide block 33 is driven by the slide block driving part at a constant speed to transition from the second section of the guide rail 30 to the third section of the guide rail 30, and the slide block 33 is driven by the slide block driving part to transition from the second section of the guide rail 30 to the third section of the guide rail 30When the tracking device is used specifically, the set position of the tracking module is taken as a reference point, and when the sun rises to the horizon position of the earth, the slide block driving part drives the slide block 33 to be positionedT of the guide rail 307At the time when the sun is at the highest point of the day, the slider driving section drives the slider 33 to be positioned at t of the guide rail 3013When the sun is at the horizon position of the earth, the slider driving unit drives the slider 33 to be positioned at t of the guide rail 3019And (4) point.
Preferably, referring to fig. 1 to 3, the elevation angle synchronous adjustment mechanism in the revolution period includes a rail rotating part for driving the rail 30 to rotate around the X axis.
Preferably, the revolution period of the tracking module relative to the first target is T2. Specifically, the elevation angle between the second set ray of the tracking module and the horizontal plane is 60 ° when the sun is at the highest point of day on the summer solstice day, and the elevation angle between the second set ray of the tracking module and the horizontal plane is 21.57 ° when the sun is at the highest point of day on the winter solstice day. The guide rail rotating part is used for enabling the guide rail to be adjusted to the elevation angle of 21.57 degrees in a uniform speed or in a stepping mode from the elevation angle of 60 degrees during the period from summer solstice to winter solstice, and the guide rail rotating part is used for enabling the guide rail to be adjusted to the elevation angle of 60 degrees in a uniform speed or in a stepping mode from the elevation angle of 21.57 degrees during the period from winter solstice to summer solstice of the second year. That is, the rail rotating part serves to drive the rail 30 at each rotation period T1During which it is rotated 0.210 clockwise or counterclockwise.
Preferably, the guide rail rotating part can be selected from a swinging mechanism or a crank block. In general, if the guide rail rotating portion selects the swing mechanism, the swing mechanism may be mounted on a fixed base, and the rotation axis of the swing mechanism needs to be overlapped with the rotation axis of rotating lever 31. In this embodiment, referring to fig. 1-3, the guide rail rotating portion selects a crank block. The guide rail 30 is fixedly connected with a pivot mounting seat 32, and the pivot mounting seat 32 should be arranged at an avoiding position of the sliding block 33 in the moving area of the guide rail 30, so as to prevent the pivot mounting seat 32 from influencing the movement of the sliding block 33 in the guide rail section between the first section and the third section of the guide rail 30. The connection base 10 is provided with a guide groove 12, a guide rail 20 connected with a moving pair of the connection base 10 is arranged in the guide groove 12, and the movement of the guide rail 20 is preferably along the Y axis of the connection base. The guide groove 12 may be selected to be a gooseneck groove to prevent the guide rail 20 from being separated from the coupling base 10. The guide rail 20 is fixedly connected with a pivot seat 21, and the pivot seat 21 is connected with a pivot seat 32 through a transmission rod 24. A spur rack 22 is installed on the guide rail 20, a driving motor 23 is installed on the connecting base, and an output shaft of the driving motor 23 is connected with a spur rack 22 gear pair.
It should be understood that, according to the observation of the inventor, the device for enabling the solar energy utilization module to synchronously track the sun of the present embodiment can be applied at least in the range of 21 ° 8 '-36 ° 22' in north latitude and has a superior sun tracking effect.
Example 2: the utility model provides a solar energy equipment, utilize the module and including solar energy the utility model discloses a device for making tracking module synchronous tracking first target, solar energy utilizes the module to belong to tracking module, and solar energy utilizes the module to install on fixed baseplate 33.
Further, the solar energy utilization module comprises a solar heat collector or a solar panel.
The present invention has been described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples. It should be understood that in practice the description of all possible embodiments is not exhaustive and that the inventive concepts of the present invention are presented herein by way of illustration as much as possible. Without departing from the inventive concept of the present invention and without paying creative labor, technical personnel in the technical field can make or delete combinations, specific parameters to perform experimental changes to the technical features in the above embodiments, or use the prior art in the technical field to perform the specific embodiments of conventional replacement and formation by the disclosed technical means, which all belong to the content hidden in the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A device for enabling a tracking module to synchronously track a first target, wherein the first target is provided with a matched first set ray, the tracking module is provided with a matched second set ray and comprises a fixed base and a fixed base contrarotation reset module, the fixed base contrarotation reset module is used for installing the tracking module, the fixed base contrarotation reset module comprises a connecting base and a connecting base driving part, and the connecting base driving part is used for driving the connecting base to rotate at a constant speed or rotate step by step in a tracking period; the device is characterized by further comprising a fixed base elevation angle adjusting module, wherein the fixed base is rotatably connected with the connecting base, and the fixed base elevation angle adjusting module is matched with the fixed base counter-rotation resetting module and used for enabling the first set ray and the second set ray to be overlapped oppositely and adjusted synchronously in a tracking time interval.
2. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the fixed base elevation angle adjustment module comprises an elevation angle synchronous adjustment mechanism in rotation period and an elevation angle synchronous adjustment mechanism in revolution period, the elevation angle synchronous adjustment mechanism in rotation period is used for smoothly adjusting the elevation angle of the fixed base in the tracking period of each rotation period from 0 ° to β and from β to 0 °, β > 0 ° and ≦ 90 °; the elevation angle synchronous adjusting mechanism in the revolution period is used for enabling the elevation angle of the fixed base in the tracking period of each revolution period to be increased from gamma to gamma by fine adjustment of the rotation period and then reduced from the fine adjustment to gamma.
3. The apparatus for synchronizing a tracking module to track a first target according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the connection base is adapted to rotate about its Z-axis; the fixed base is used for rotating around the X axis of the connecting base.
4. The apparatus as claimed in claim 3, wherein the tracking module has a rotation period of T1The connection base driving part is used for enabling the rotation angular speed of the connection base in the tracking time interval to beOr the connection base driving part is used for enabling the connection base to be used every time in the tracking periodThe step angle of the duration is alpha.
5. The apparatus for enabling a tracking module to synchronously track a first target of claim 2, wherein the first target is the sun, the connection base is adapted to be rotatably connected to the earth, and the rotation axis of the connection base coincides with the vertical line; the elevation angle synchronous adjusting mechanism in the rotation period comprises a guide rail, a sliding block and a sliding block driving part, wherein the guide rail is connected with a sliding block moving pair, the guide rail is provided with a first section, a second section and a third section, the sliding block driving part drives the sliding block to be in a process of being transited from the first section of the guide rail to the second section of the guide rail, the elevation angle of the tracking module is smoothly adjusted from 0 degrees to 60 degrees, the sliding block driving part drives the sliding block to be in a process of being transited from the second section of the guide rail to the third section of the guide rail, and the elevation angle of the tracking module is smoothly adjusted from 60 degrees to 0 degrees.
6. The apparatus as claimed in claim 5, wherein the tracking module has a rotation period of T1The slide block driving part is used for driving the slide block to transition from the first section of the guide rail to the second section of the guide rail at a constant speed, and the slide block is used for transitioning from the first section of the guide rail to the second section of the guide rail at the constant speedThe slide block driving part is also used for driving the slide block to transit from the second section of the guide rail to the third section of the guide rail at a constant speed, and when the slide block transits from the second section of the guide rail to the third section of the guide rail, the slide block is used
7. The apparatus for synchronizing a tracking module to a first target according to claim 5, wherein the elevation synchronization adjustment mechanism comprises a rail rotating part for driving the rail to rotate during the revolution period.
8. The apparatus as claimed in claim 7, wherein the guide rail rotating part drives the guide rail to synchronously track the first object in each rotation period T1During which time the rotation is either forward or reverse 0.210 deg..
9. A solar plant characterized by comprising a solar utilization module belonging to a tracking module and means for synchronizing the tracking module to a first target according to claim 1, 2, 5, 6, 7 or 8, said solar utilization module being mounted on said fixed base.
10. The solar power plant of claim 9, wherein the solar energy utilization module comprises a solar collector or a solar panel.
CN202020640269.7U 2020-04-24 2020-04-24 Device for enabling tracking module to synchronously track first target and solar equipment Expired - Fee Related CN212086139U (en)

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CN202020640269.7U CN212086139U (en) 2020-04-24 2020-04-24 Device for enabling tracking module to synchronously track first target and solar equipment

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