CN212050999U - Negative pressure biological carbon filter - Google Patents

Negative pressure biological carbon filter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212050999U
CN212050999U CN202020433094.2U CN202020433094U CN212050999U CN 212050999 U CN212050999 U CN 212050999U CN 202020433094 U CN202020433094 U CN 202020433094U CN 212050999 U CN212050999 U CN 212050999U
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Prior art keywords
corundum
aeration
pipe
filter
activated carbon
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CN202020433094.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
田云龙
陈海燕
李鑫
刘新明
岳江辉
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Hebei Bijing Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
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Hebei Bijing Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a negative pressure biochar filter, including the cell body, set up in biological activated carbon filter material in the cell body, set up in the water inlet of cell body top or left side wall, set up in a plurality of corundum filters on the cell body right side wall, it is a plurality of corundum filters's delivery port is linked together through a plurality of branch pipes and suction pipeline, be provided with the suction pump on the suction pipeline, the bottom of cell body is close to one side of corundum filters is provided with a plurality of aeration equipment, aeration equipment passes through the aeration trunk line and is connected with aeration fan. The utility model discloses not only sewage treatment is effectual, can reach more than 90% to TOC and ammonia nitrogen and clearance, and the cost is extremely low moreover, and the adoption MBR biomembrane splitter is more said, and its cost reduction is up to more than 95%.

Description

Negative pressure biological carbon filter
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the sewage treatment field, concretely relates to negative pressure biological carbon filtering pond.
Background
At present, when carrying out sewage treatment, the charcoal filtering pond sets up in the upper reaches of MBR biomembrane pond usually, and the sewage after the active carbon carries out physical adsorption in the charcoal filtering pond gets into MBR biomembrane pond through the overflow weir to microorganism and membrane separation equipment's effect in MBR biomembrane pond under realize the degradation of pollutant and hold back, thereby reach sewage treatment's purpose, adopt this method to carry out the main problem that exists of sewage treatment and do: 1) the sewage treatment equipment is formed by sequentially connecting a carbon filter and a biological membrane tank, and has long flow and large floor area; 2) the MBR separation membranes in the MBR biofilm tanks are expensive and are a non-reusable resource, resulting in a drastic submission of wastewater treatment costs.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to overcome the defects of the prior art and provide a negative pressure biochar filter.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the technical scheme adopted by the utility model is as follows:
the utility model provides a negative pressure biological carbon filtering pond, includes the cell body, set up in biological activated carbon filter material in the cell body, set up in the water inlet of cell body top or left side wall, set up in a plurality of corundum filters on the cell body right side wall, it is a plurality of the delivery port of corundum filter is linked together with the suction pipeline through a plurality of branch pipes, be provided with the suction pump on the suction pipeline, the bottom of cell body is close to one side of corundum filter is provided with a plurality of aeration equipment, aeration equipment passes through the aeration main pipe and is connected with aeration fan.
Furthermore, the aeration device comprises a gas distribution pipeline fixedly arranged at the bottom of the tank body through a plurality of supports, and a plurality of aeration heads arranged on the aeration pipeline.
Furthermore, a back flushing water pipeline and a back flushing aeration pipeline are further arranged on the suction pipeline, the other end of the back flushing water pipeline is arranged in the clean water tank, and the other end of the back flushing aeration pipeline is communicated with the main aeration pipeline.
Furthermore, a back flushing pump is arranged on the back flushing water pipeline (15), and valves are arranged on the back flushing water pipeline, one end of the main aeration pipeline close to the aeration device, the back flushing aeration pipeline and the suction pipeline.
Furthermore, the other end of the suction pipeline is communicated with the clean water tank, and a water outlet is formed in the clean water tank.
Furthermore, the biological activated carbon filter material comprises activated carbon particles and microorganisms loaded in pores of the activated carbon particles.
Furthermore, the activated carbon particles are shell activated carbon or coconut shell activated carbon, the particle size of the activated carbon particles is larger than the pore size of the corundum filter, and the iodine value of the activated carbon particles is larger than 1000.
Furthermore, the corundum filter comprises a corundum filter head, a water outlet pipe and a plurality of water passing holes, a cavity is formed in the corundum filter head, the water outlet pipe is arranged at the center of the corundum filter head, one end of the water outlet pipe penetrates through a limiting plate and a blocking block which are fixedly arranged behind the corundum filter head, the other end of the water outlet pipe penetrates through a fastening nut which is arranged behind the tank body, the position, corresponding to the cavity, of the water outlet pipe is provided with the plurality of water passing holes, and one end, close to the fastening nut, of the water outlet pipe.
Furthermore, first sealing gaskets are arranged between the limiting plate and the corundum filtering head and between the corundum filtering head and the right side wall of the tank body.
Furthermore, the corundum filter head is formed by combining a microporous corundum top plate and a microporous corundum bottom plate, and a second sealing washer is arranged between the microporous corundum top plate and the microporous corundum bottom plate.
Furthermore, the pore space of the micropore corundum top plate and the micropore corundum bottom plate is 0.1-0.2 mm.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model reside in that:
the utility model discloses a set up the active carbon filter material that the load has the microorganism in the cell body, utilize the characteristic that the active carbon easily grows the biomembrane, microorganism through the load degrades active carbon adsorption's organic pollutant, simultaneously because corundum filter's effect, sewage after biological activity carbon filter material handles is under the effect of suction pump, discharge after corundum filter filters, thereby accomplish the processing of sewage, it is not only that sewage treatment effect is good, can reach more than 90% to TOC and ammonia nitrogen and clearance, and the cost is extremely low, adopt MBR biomembrane splitter, its cost reduction is up to more than 95%. The utility model discloses a corundum filter holds back the large granule material in the sewage, and it is but reuse resource, after corundum filter's filter head blockked up, only need pull down it and carry out the calcination, can make it resume pore structure again, carries out the secondary filtration and uses. The aeration device is arranged at one side of the bottom of the pool body close to the corundum filter, and the water at one side of the corundum filter is stirred through aeration, so that the surface of the aeration head is washed away, and the time blocking period is prolonged; the utility model discloses a set up back flush water piping and back flush aeration pipeline, adopt the air-water mixture to carry out the back flush to the corundum filter head, prolonged the jam cycle of corundum aeration head.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of FIG. 1 at A;
fig. 3 is a perspective cross-sectional view of a tank body in an embodiment of the present invention;
in the figure: 1. the biological activated carbon aeration device comprises a tank body, 2, a biological activated carbon filter material, 3, a water inlet, 4, a corundum filter, 5, a water outlet, 6, a branch pipe, 7, a suction pipeline, 8, a suction pump, 9, an aeration device, 10, a main aeration pipeline, 11, an aeration fan, 12, a support, 13, an air distribution pipeline, 14, an aeration head, 15, a backwashing water pipeline, 16, a backwashing aeration pipeline, 17, a clean water tank, 19, a backwashing pump, 20, a valve, 21, a cavity, 22, a corundum filter head, 23, a water outlet pipe, 24, a limiting plate, 25, a sealing block, 26, a fastening nut, 27, a water outlet, 28, a first sealing washer, 29, a microporous corundum top plate, 30, a microporous corundum bottom plate, 31, a second sealing washer, 32 and a water outlet.
Detailed Description
The technical solution of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, and obviously, the described embodiments are some, but not all embodiments of the present invention. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplification of description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, and may be, for example, fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
As shown in fig. 1-3 the utility model relates to an embodiment of negative pressure biochar filter, including cell body 1, set up in biological activity carbon filter material 2 in cell body 1, set up in the water inlet 3 of 1 top or left side wall of cell body, set up in a plurality of corundum filters 4 on the 1 right side wall of cell body, it is a plurality of the delivery port 5 of corundum filters 4 is linked together through a plurality of branch pipes 6 and suction pipeline 7, be provided with suction pump 8 on the suction pipeline 7, the bottom of cell body 1 is close to one side of corundum filters 4 is provided with a plurality of aeration equipment 9, aeration equipment 9 passes through the aeration main pipe 10 and is connected with aeration fan 11. The utility model discloses a set up the active carbon filter material that the load has the microorganism in cell body 1, utilize the characteristic that the active carbon easily grows the biomembrane, microorganism through the load degrades active carbon adsorption's organic pollutant, simultaneously because corundum filter 4's effect, sewage after biological active carbon filter material 2 handles is under the effect of suction pump 8, discharge after corundum filter 4 filters, thereby accomplish the processing of sewage, it is not only that sewage treatment is effectual, can reach more than 90% to TOC and ammonia nitrogen and clearance, and the cost is extremely low, adopt MBR biomembrane splitter more, its cost reduction is up to more than 95%. The utility model discloses a corundum filter 4 holds back the large granule material in the sewage, and it is but reuse resource, after corundum filter 4's filter head blockked up, only need to carry out the calcination after pulling it down, can make it resume pore structure again, carries out the secondary filtration and uses. The utility model discloses a set up aeration equipment 9 in one side that 1 bottom of cell body is close to corundum filter 4, realize the stirring of 4 side waters of corundum filter through the aeration to wash away aeration head 14 surfaces, the jam cycle during the extension.
Further, the aeration device 9 comprises an air distribution pipeline 13 fixedly arranged at the bottom of the tank body 1 through a plurality of brackets 12, and a plurality of aeration heads 14 arranged on the aeration pipeline.
As an embodiment of the negative pressure biochar filter, a backwashing water pipeline 15 and a backwashing aeration pipeline 16 are further arranged on the suction pipeline 7, the other end of the backwashing water pipeline 15 is arranged in the clean water tank 17, and the other end of the backwashing aeration pipeline 16 is communicated with the main aeration pipeline 10. The utility model discloses a set up backwash water pipeline 15 and back flush aeration pipeline 16, adopt the air-water mixture to carry out the back flush to corundum filter head 22, prolonged corundum aeration head 14's jam cycle.
Further, a back flushing pump 19 is arranged on the back flushing water pipeline 15, and valves 20 are arranged on the back flushing water pipeline 15, one end of the main aeration pipeline 10 close to the aeration device 9, the back flushing aeration pipeline 16 and the suction pipeline 7.
Further, the other end of the suction pipeline 7 is communicated with the clean water tank 17, and a water outlet 32 is arranged on the clean water tank 17.
As an embodiment of the negative pressure biological carbon filter of the utility model, the biological activated carbon filter material 2 comprises activated carbon particles, and is loaded with microorganisms in pores of the activated carbon particles.
Furthermore, the activated carbon particles are shell activated carbon or coconut shell activated carbon, the particle size of the activated carbon particles is larger than the pore size of the corundum filter 4, and the iodine value of the activated carbon particles is larger than 1000.
As an embodiment of the utility model relates to a negative pressure biochar filter, corundum filter 4 including the inside corundum filter head 22 that is provided with cavity 21, set up in the outlet pipe 23 at corundum filter head 22 center, the one end of outlet pipe 23 is passed corundum filter head 22 after-fixing is provided with limiting plate 24 and plugging block 25, the other end of outlet pipe 23 passes set up fastening nut 26 behind the cell body 1, on the outlet pipe 23 with the position that cavity 21 corresponds is provided with a plurality of mouths of water 27 of crossing, be close to on the outlet pipe 23 fastening nut 26's one end is provided with delivery port 5.
Further, first sealing gaskets 28 are arranged between the limiting plate 24 and the corundum filtering head 22 and between the corundum filtering head 22 and the right side wall of the tank body 1.
Further, the corundum filter head 22 is formed by combining a microporous corundum top plate 29 and a microporous corundum bottom plate 30, and a second sealing washer 31 is arranged between the microporous corundum top plate 29 and the microporous corundum bottom plate 30. The utility model discloses a corundum filter 4 adopts this structure setting, when suction pump 8 is opened, under suction pump 8's suction negative pressure effect, it can regard as the filter to use, valve 20 closes on suction pump 8 and suction pipeline 7, aeration fan 11, when valve 20 is opened on recoil pump 19 and the backwash water pipe and the recoil aeration pipe, it can regard as aeration head 14 to realize the aeration backwash, suction and backwash switch over the operation according to certain frequency during the use, can to a great extent prolong corundum filter 4's jam time.
Further, the pore space of the micropore corundum top plate 29 and the micropore corundum bottom plate 30 is 0.1-0.2 mm.
The utility model discloses a use method:
when the utility model is used, the filtration and the back washing are alternately switched;
during filtering, the aeration fan 11 and the suction pump 8 are in a starting state, the back flush pump 19 is in a closing state, the valves 20 on the back flush water pipeline 15 and the back flush aeration pipeline 16 are closed, the main aeration pipeline 10 and the valves 20 on the suction pipeline 7 are opened, at the moment, sewage in the pool body 1 is subjected to cavity 21 through micropores on the corundum filter head 22 under the negative pressure action of the suction pump 8, then enters the water outlet pipe 23 through the water gap 27, and flows into the clean water pool 17 to be discharged;
when back flushing is needed, the aeration fan 11 and the single flushing pump are in a starting state, the suction pump 8 is in a closing state, the valves 20 on the suction pipeline 7 and the main aeration pipeline 10 are closed, the valve 20 on the back flushing water pipeline 15 and the back flushing aeration pipeline 16 are opened, at the moment, under the action of the aeration fan 11 and the back flushing pump 19, a gas-liquid mixture formed by mixing clean water and gas in the clean water tank 17 enters the water outlet pipe 23 through the suction pipeline 7 and then enters the cavity 21 through the water gap 27, and back flushing is conducted on micropores on the corundum filter head 22.
The above-described embodiments are merely preferred examples of the present invention and are not exhaustive of the possible implementations of the present invention. Any obvious modifications to the above would be obvious to those of ordinary skill in the art, but would not bring the invention so modified beyond the spirit and scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a negative pressure biochar filter, its characterized in that, including cell body (1), set up in biological activity carbon filter material (2) in cell body (1), set up in water inlet (3) of cell body (1) top or left side wall, set up in a plurality of corundum filters (4) on cell body (1) right side wall, it is a plurality of delivery port (5) of corundum filters (4) are linked together with suction pipeline (7) through a plurality of branch pipes (6), be provided with suction pump (8) on suction pipeline (7), the bottom of cell body (1) is close to one side of corundum filters (4) is provided with a plurality of aeration equipment (9), aeration equipment (9) are connected with aeration fan (11) through aeration main pipe (10).
2. A negative pressure biochar filter according to claim 1, wherein a back flush water pipe (15) and a back flush aeration pipe (16) are further arranged on the suction pipe (7), the other end of the back flush water pipe (15) is arranged in a clean water tank (17), and the other end of the back flush aeration pipe (16) is communicated with the main aeration pipe (10).
3. A negative pressure biochar filter according to claim 2, wherein a back flush pump (19) is arranged on the back flush water pipe (15), and valves (20) are arranged on the back flush water pipe (15), one end of the main aeration pipe (10) close to the aeration device (9), the back flush aeration pipe (16) and the suction pipe (7).
4. The negative-pressure biochar filter according to claim 2, wherein the other end of the suction pipeline (7) is communicated with the clean water tank (17), and a water outlet (32) is formed in the clean water tank (17).
5. The negative pressure biochar filter according to claim 1, wherein the biological activated carbon filter material (2) comprises activated carbon granules, and microorganisms are loaded in pores of the activated carbon granules.
6. The negative-pressure biochar filter according to claim 5, wherein shell activated carbon or coconut shell activated carbon is adopted as the activated carbon particles, the particle size of the activated carbon particles is larger than the pore size of the corundum filter (4), and the iodine value of the activated carbon particles is larger than 1000.
7. The negative-pressure biochar filter according to claim 1, wherein the corundum filter (4) comprises a corundum filter head (22) internally provided with a cavity (21), and a water outlet pipe (23) arranged at the center of the corundum filter head (22), wherein a limiting plate (24) and a blocking block (25) are fixedly arranged at one end of the water outlet pipe (23) after penetrating through the corundum filter head (22), a fastening nut (26) is arranged at the other end of the water outlet pipe (23) after penetrating through the tank body (1), a plurality of water passing openings (27) are arranged at positions, corresponding to the cavity (21), on the water outlet pipe (23), and one end, close to the fastening nut (26), of the water outlet pipe (23) is provided with the water outlet (5).
8. The negative-pressure biochar filter according to claim 7, wherein first sealing gaskets (28) are arranged between the limiting plate (24) and the corundum filter head (22) and between the corundum filter head (22) and the right side wall of the tank body (1).
9. The negative-pressure biochar filter according to claim 7, wherein the corundum filter head (22) is formed by combining a microporous corundum top plate (29) and a microporous corundum bottom plate (30), and a second sealing washer (31) is arranged between the microporous corundum top plate (29) and the microporous corundum bottom plate (30).
10. The negative-pressure biochar filter according to claim 9, wherein the pores of the microporous corundum top plate (29) and the microporous corundum bottom plate (30) are 0.1-0.2 mm.
CN202020433094.2U 2020-03-30 2020-03-30 Negative pressure biological carbon filter Active CN212050999U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020433094.2U CN212050999U (en) 2020-03-30 2020-03-30 Negative pressure biological carbon filter

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020433094.2U CN212050999U (en) 2020-03-30 2020-03-30 Negative pressure biological carbon filter

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN212050999U true CN212050999U (en) 2020-12-01

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ID=73539386

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020433094.2U Active CN212050999U (en) 2020-03-30 2020-03-30 Negative pressure biological carbon filter

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN212050999U (en)

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