CN212030160U - Hot-blast furnace is used in leather adhesive stoving - Google Patents

Hot-blast furnace is used in leather adhesive stoving Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212030160U
CN212030160U CN202020518665.2U CN202020518665U CN212030160U CN 212030160 U CN212030160 U CN 212030160U CN 202020518665 U CN202020518665 U CN 202020518665U CN 212030160 U CN212030160 U CN 212030160U
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air
hot
chamber
hot air
combustion chamber
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夏敏
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Tongxiang Dino Textile Co Ltd
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Tongxiang Dino Textile Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a hot blast stove for drying leather adhesives, which comprises a gas burner, a first hot air chamber and a combustion chamber, wherein the combustion chamber is arranged inside the first hot air chamber, the gas burner is arranged at one side of the combustion chamber, a combustion cylinder of the gas burner is communicated with the inside of the combustion chamber, two horizontal air deflectors are arranged in the middle of the first hot air chamber, the first hot air chamber is divided into an upper air channel and a lower air channel by the air deflectors, the left sides of the upper air channel and the lower air channel are communicated, a cold air inlet is arranged on the lower side wall of the first hot air chamber, which is far away from one end of the gas burner, and an air inlet channel is connected on the cold air inlet, an air blower is arranged at the opening of the air inlet channel, a first hot air outlet is arranged at the position of the upper side wall of the first hot air chamber, an air guide channel is connected on the first hot air outlet, and the end of the air guide channel, which is far away from, a radiator is arranged in the second hot air chamber.

Description

Hot-blast furnace is used in leather adhesive stoving
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a material stoving technical field especially relates to a leather adhesive is dried and is used hot-blast furnace.
Background
The gas hot blast stove heats air or other clean gas by using high temperature generated by gas combustion, and the heated air or other clean gas is used for drying materials. The gas hot blast stove is widely applied to universal equipment in the fields of food, medicine, printing, packaging, mechanical manufacturing and the like.
Wind generated by a blower in the existing gas hot blast stove enters a hot blast chamber from an air inlet and is discharged from an air outlet after being in short contact with a combustion chamber, so that the heat exchange process is short, and the heat exchange efficiency is influenced; meanwhile, the air entering the hot air chamber can not contact with all parts of the combustion chamber, so that the position of the combustion chamber, which can not be contacted with the air, is in a high-temperature environment for a long time, the phenomena of oxidation and burning out are easily caused, the heat of the part can not be effectively utilized, and the heat exchange efficiency is reduced. In addition, when the leather adhesive is dried, hot air generated by the hot air furnace has the condition of uneven heat, so that part of the leather adhesive is not dried well.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to provide a heat exchanger which can make the wind entering the hot air chamber fully contact with the combustion chamber and improve the heat exchange efficiency; meanwhile, the heat exchanger can be contacted with all parts of the combustion chamber, so that the heat utilization rate of the combustion chamber is improved, and the combustion chamber is protected; and the hot air furnace for drying the leather adhesive can make the generated hot air more uniform and better dry the adhesive.
The above technical purpose of the present invention can be achieved by the following technical solutions: the utility model provides a leather adhesive is dried and is used hot-blast furnace, includes gas burner, first hot-blast room and combustion chamber, the combustion chamber sets up in the inside of first hot-blast room, gas burner sets up in one side of combustion chamber and gas burner's a combustion section of thick bamboo intercommunication to the inside of combustion chamber, its characterized in that: the gas burner is characterized in that two horizontal air deflectors are arranged in the middle of the first hot air chamber, the first hot air chamber is divided into an upper air channel and a lower air channel by the air deflectors, the left sides of the upper air channel and the lower air channel are communicated, a cold air inlet is formed in the lower side wall of the first hot air chamber, which is far away from one end of the gas burner, an air inlet channel is connected to the cold air inlet, an air blower is arranged at the opening of the air inlet channel, a first hot air outlet is formed in the position, which is symmetrical to the cold air inlet, of the upper side wall of the first hot air chamber, an air guide channel is connected to the first hot air outlet, a second hot air chamber is communicated with the end, which is far away from the first.
Through the technical scheme, the air enters the lower air duct from the cold air inlet on the right side of the lower air duct and blows to the left side of the lower air duct, and then upwards enters the upper air duct through the air duct and moves to the first hot air outlet on the right side of the upper air duct, so that the air heating process of the combustion chamber is completed. Wind can fully contact with the outer wall of the combustion chamber at the in-process that the upper air duct and the lower air duct move, so that the heat exchange process is long, the wind can obtain a better heating effect, the heat exchange efficiency is improved, meanwhile, the wind can contact with all parts of the outer wall of the combustion chamber to exchange heat, and the wind is prevented from being at high temperature for a long time to cause damage. The radiator can carry out more effective conduction with the hot-blast of blowing out from first hot-blast export, makes its heat more even, dries the leather adhesive better.
The utility model discloses still further set up to: and the left side and the right side of the upper air duct and the lower air duct are respectively provided with a left air guide block and a right air guide block.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, left wind guide block and right wind guide block can make wind more smoothly get into lower wind channel from the cold wind import, get into the upper air duct from lower wind channel, get into first hot-blast export from the upper air duct.
The utility model discloses still further set up to: the shape of first hot-blast room is the cuboid, left side wind-guiding piece fixed connection is on the lateral wall of first hot-blast room, the side that left side wind-guiding piece is close to first hot-blast room inside is the indent arcwall face, go up the arcwall face lower extreme of left wind-guiding piece in the wind channel and the arcwall face upper end smooth connection of left wind-guiding piece in the lower wind channel.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, when wind blows to the left side from the right side of wind channel down, can guide wind to the wind channel of going up better through left wind guide block, and can prevent that wind from blowing the left side wall that hits first hot-blast room for a long time and causing the destruction.
The utility model discloses still further set up to: one side of the right air guide block close to the combustion chamber is fixedly connected to the outer wall of the combustion chamber, and the side face of the right air guide block close to the inside of the first hot air chamber is an inwards concave arc-shaped face.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, right side wind guide block can play the guide effect to wind, can prevent simultaneously that wind from the outer wall that cold wind import got into directly to blow the combustion chamber and cause the destruction.
The utility model discloses still further set up to: the air deflector is a copper air deflector, and an insulating layer is arranged on the inner wall of the first hot air chamber.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, the heat preservation can play thermal-insulated effect, prevents that the heat in the first hot-blast room from losing two and causing the heat to run off in the outside air.
The utility model discloses still further set up to: the radiator comprises a plurality of copper pipes which are transversely arranged, the copper pipes are communicated through U-shaped elbows, and a plurality of aluminum alloy fins are arranged on the outer wall of each copper pipe along the length direction of the copper pipe.
Through the technical scheme, the aluminum alloy fin has the advantages of good heat conduction performance, low price, light weight, low processing difficulty and the like, the aluminum alloy fin is tightly contacted with the outer wall of the steel pipe, the heat conduction performance and the heat dissipation performance are good, and the passing wind can rapidly carry out heat transfer to ensure that the temperature of the aluminum alloy fin is uniform.
The utility model discloses still further set up to: the upper end of the left side of the second hot air chamber is provided with a steam inlet, the lower end of the right side of the second hot air chamber is provided with a steam outlet, the steam inlet is communicated with the uppermost copper pipe of the radiator, and the steam outlet is communicated with the lowermost copper pipe of the radiator.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, can inject steam into the copper pipe passageway and regard as the heat medium, can further heat it when the wind heat that first hot-blast export was blown out is not enough.
The utility model discloses still further set up to: the upper end of the second hot air chamber is provided with a second hot air outlet, the second hot air outlet is provided with air guide blades, and two ends of the air guide blades are rotatably connected to the inner walls of two sides of the second hot air outlet.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, the staff changes the orientation of wind blade through rotatory wind blade and can make the direction of the hot-blast orientation wind blade that blows off from the second hot air outlet blow, changes hot-blast direction according to actual conditions needs and improves leather adhesive drying efficiency and reinforcing stoving effect.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the first hot air chamber and the second hot air chamber of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a top view of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along direction C of fig. 3 according to the present invention;
fig. 5 is a front view of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a cross-sectional view taken along direction E in fig. 5 according to the present invention.
The reference numbers in the figures mean: 1. a gas burner; 2. a first hot air chamber; 3. a combustion chamber; 4. an air deflector; 5. an upper air duct; 6. a lower air duct; 7. a cold air inlet; 8. an air inlet channel; 9. a blower; 10. a first hot air outlet; 11. an air guide channel; 12. a second hot air chamber; 13. a heat sink; 14. a left air guide block; 15. a right air guide block; 16. a heat-insulating layer; 17. a copper pipe; 18. a U-shaped elbow; 19. an aluminum alloy fin; 20. a steam inlet; 21. a steam outlet; 22. a second hot air outlet; 23. and air guide blades.
Detailed Description
The following detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention is provided with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples. The following examples are intended to illustrate the invention, but are not intended to limit the scope of the invention.
The present invention will be described below with reference to fig. 1 to 6.
The utility model provides a leather adhesive is dried and is used hot-blast furnace, includes gas burner 1, first hot-blast chamber 2 and combustion chamber 3, and gas burner 1 sets up in one side of combustion chamber 3 and the combustion cylinder intercommunication of gas burner 1 communicates the inside of combustion chamber 3. The gas burner 1 is capable of feeding fuel and air into the combustion chamber 3 in a desired concentration, velocity, turbulence and mixing manner, and stably igniting and burning the fuel in the combustion chamber 3.
The shape of combustion chamber 3 is cylindrical, and the shape of first hot-blast chamber 2 is the cuboid, and combustion chamber 3 level sets up in the inside intermediate position of first hot-blast chamber 2. The inner wall of the first hot air chamber 2 is provided with the heat preservation layer 16, and the heat preservation layer 16 is a fireproof siliceous layer, so that the heat preservation effect can be achieved, and the heat loss caused by the heat dissipation of the first hot air chamber 2 to the outside air can be prevented.
The lower side wall of one end, away from the gas burner 1, of the first hot air chamber 2 is provided with a cold air inlet 7, an air inlet channel 8 is connected to the cold air inlet 7 through screws, an air blower 9 is arranged at an opening of the air inlet channel 8, the air blower 9 can provide air in a normal temperature state to the air inlet channel 8, and a first hot air outlet 10 is arranged at a position, symmetrical to the cold air inlet 7, of the upper side wall of the first hot air chamber 2.
The middle of the first hot air chamber 2 is provided with two horizontal air deflectors 4, the air deflectors 4 are copper air deflectors 4, the front side and the rear side of each air deflector 4 are respectively fixedly connected to the inner wall of the first hot air chamber 2 and the outer wall of the combustion chamber 3 through screws, the right side of each air deflector 4 is fixedly connected to the inner wall of the right side of the first hot air chamber 2 through screws, air passing channels which are 20-40 cm apart are arranged at the left end of each air deflector 4 and the inner wall of the left side of the first hot air chamber 2, and the separation length is 20cm in the embodiment.
The air deflector 4 divides the first hot air chamber 2 into an upper air duct 5 and a lower air duct 6, and the left sides of the upper air duct 5 and the lower air duct 6 are communicated by an air passing duct. Wind enters the lower air duct 6 from the cold wind inlet 7 on the right side of the lower air duct 6 and blows to the left side of the lower air duct 6, and then enters the upper air duct 5 through the air duct and moves to the first hot wind outlet 10 on the right side of the upper air duct 5, so that the heating process of the combustion chamber 3 to the wind is completed. Wind can fully contact with the outer wall of combustion chamber 3 at the in-process that last wind channel 5 and lower wind channel 6 removed, thereby the heat transfer procedure is long to guarantee that wind can obtain better heating effect, improves heat exchange efficiency, and wind can both contact with each position of the outer wall of combustion chamber 3 simultaneously and carry out the heat exchange, prevents that it from being in high temperature for a long time and causing the damage.
The left and right sides of the upper air duct 5 and the lower air duct 6 are respectively provided with a left air guide block 14 and a right air guide block 15. The left air guide block 14 and the right air guide block 15 can make the air more smoothly enter the lower air duct 6 from the cold air inlet 7, enter the upper air duct 5 from the lower air duct 6, and enter the first hot air outlet 10 from the upper air duct 5.
The left air guide block 14 is fixedly connected to the side wall of the first hot air chamber 2, the side surface of the left air guide block 14 close to the inside of the first hot air chamber 2 is an inward concave arc-shaped surface, and the lower end of the arc-shaped surface of the left air guide block 14 in the upper air duct 5 is smoothly connected with the upper end of the arc-shaped surface of the left air guide block 14 in the lower air duct 6. When wind blows from the right side to the left side of the lower duct 6, the wind can be guided into the upper duct 5 better by the left wind guide block 14, and the wind can be prevented from hitting the left side wall of the first hot air chamber 2 for a long time and causing damage.
One side of the right air guide block 15 close to the combustion chamber 3 is fixedly connected to the outer wall of the combustion chamber 3, and the side of the right air guide block 15 close to the inside of the first hot air chamber 2 is an inward concave arc-shaped surface. The right air guide block 15 can guide the wind and prevent the wind from entering the outer wall of the combustion chamber 3 from the cold wind inlet 7 and directly blowing the outer wall of the combustion chamber 3 to cause damage.
The first hot air outlet 10 is connected with an air guide channel 11, one end of the air guide channel 11 far away from the first hot air chamber 2 is communicated with a second hot air chamber 12, and a radiator 13 is arranged in the second hot air chamber 12. The radiator 13 can conduct hot air blown out from the first hot air outlet 10 more effectively, so that the heat of the radiator is more uniform, and leather adhesive is dried better.
The radiator 13 comprises a plurality of copper tubes 17 which are transversely arranged, the copper tubes 17 are communicated through U-shaped elbows 18, and a plurality of aluminum alloy fins 19 are arranged on the outer wall of each copper tube 17 along the length direction of the copper tube. The aluminum alloy fins 19 have the advantages of good heat conduction performance, low price, light weight, low processing difficulty and the like, the aluminum alloy fins 19 are tightly contacted with the outer wall of the steel pipe, the heat conduction performance and the heat dissipation performance are good, and the passing wind can rapidly carry out heat transfer, so that the temperature of the aluminum alloy fins is uniform.
The upper end of the left side of the second hot air chamber 12 is provided with a steam inlet 20, the lower end of the right side of the second hot air chamber 12 is provided with a steam outlet 21, the steam inlet 20 is communicated with the uppermost copper pipe 17 of the radiator 13, and the steam outlet 21 is communicated with the lowermost copper pipe 17 of the radiator 13. Steam can be injected into the channel of the copper pipe 17 as a heating medium, the steam pressure in the copper pipe 17 is 8 Kg/cm 2 at most, and the first hot air outlet 10 can further heat the copper pipe when the air volume blown out by the first hot air outlet is insufficient.
The upper end of the second hot air chamber 12 is provided with a second hot air outlet 22, the second hot air outlet 22 is provided with a plurality of air guide blades 23, and two ends of the air guide blades 23 are rotatably connected to the inner walls of two sides of the second hot air outlet 22. The staff can make the hot-blast direction that blows out from second hot air outlet 22 blow towards air guide vane 23 through rotatory air guide vane 23 change air guide vane 23's orientation, changes the hot-blast direction according to actual conditions needs and improves leather adhesive drying efficiency and reinforcing stoving effect.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, a plurality of modifications and variations can be made without departing from the technical principle of the present invention, and these modifications and variations of the above assumption should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a leather adhesive is hot-blast furnace for drying, includes gas burner (1), first hot-blast room (2) and combustion chamber (3), combustion chamber (3) set up in the inside of first hot-blast room (2), gas burner (1) set up in the combustion can intercommunication to the inside of combustion chamber (3) of one side of combustion chamber (3) and gas burner (1), its characterized in that: the middle of the first hot air chamber (2) is provided with two horizontal air deflectors (4), the first hot air chamber (2) is divided into an upper air duct (5) and a lower air duct (6) by the air deflectors (4), the left sides of the upper air duct (5) and the lower air duct (6) are communicated, a cold air inlet (7) is arranged on the lower side wall of one end, away from the gas burner (1), of the first hot air chamber (2), an air inlet channel (8) is connected onto the cold air inlet (7), an air blower (9) is arranged at the opening of the air inlet channel (8), a first hot air outlet (10) is arranged at the position, symmetrical to the cold air inlet (7), of the upper side wall of the first hot air chamber (2), an air guide channel (11) is connected onto the first hot air outlet (10), and a second hot air chamber (12) is communicated with one end, away from the first hot air chamber (2), of the air guide channel (11), a radiator (13) is arranged in the second hot air chamber (12).
2. The hot blast stove for drying leather adhesives according to claim 1, wherein: the left side and the right side of the upper air duct (5) and the lower air duct (6) are respectively provided with a left air guide block (14) and a right air guide block (15).
3. The hot blast stove for drying leather adhesives as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the shape of first hot-blast room (2) is the cuboid, left side air guide block (14) fixed connection is on the lateral wall of first hot-blast room (2), left side air guide block (14) are close to the inside side of first hot-blast room (2) and are the indent arcwall face, go up the arcwall face lower extreme of left air guide block (14) in wind channel (5) and the arcwall face upper end smooth connection of left air guide block (14) in wind channel (6) down.
4. The hot blast stove for drying leather adhesives according to claim 3, wherein: one side of the right air guide block (15) close to the combustion chamber (3) is fixedly connected to the outer wall of the combustion chamber (3), and the side face of the right air guide block (15) close to the interior of the first hot air chamber (2) is an inwards concave arc-shaped face.
5. The hot blast stove for drying leather adhesives according to claim 1, wherein: the air deflector (4) is a copper air deflector (4), and an insulating layer (16) is arranged on the inner wall of the first hot air chamber (2).
6. The hot blast stove for drying leather adhesives according to claim 1, wherein: the radiator (13) comprises a plurality of copper pipes (17) which are transversely arranged, the copper pipes (17) are communicated through U-shaped elbows (18), and a plurality of aluminum alloy fins (19) are arranged on the outer wall of each copper pipe (17) along the length direction of the copper pipe.
7. The hot blast stove for drying leather adhesives as claimed in claim 6, wherein: the hot-blast room of second (12) is provided with steam inlet (20) on the left side upper end, the right side lower extreme of second (12) is provided with steam outlet (21), steam inlet (20) and radiator (13) copper pipe (17) of the top are linked together, steam outlet (21) and radiator (13) copper pipe (17) of lower extreme are linked together.
8. The hot blast stove for drying leather adhesives according to claim 1, wherein: a second hot air outlet (22) is formed in the upper end of the second hot air chamber (12), air guide blades (23) are arranged on the second hot air outlet (22), and two ends of each air guide blade (23) are rotatably connected to the inner walls of two sides of the second hot air outlet (22).
CN202020518665.2U 2020-04-08 2020-04-08 Hot-blast furnace is used in leather adhesive stoving Active CN212030160U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020518665.2U CN212030160U (en) 2020-04-08 2020-04-08 Hot-blast furnace is used in leather adhesive stoving

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020518665.2U CN212030160U (en) 2020-04-08 2020-04-08 Hot-blast furnace is used in leather adhesive stoving

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CN212030160U true CN212030160U (en) 2020-11-27

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112414100A (en) * 2020-10-20 2021-02-26 际华(芜湖)农业科技发展有限责任公司 Hot air device for grain dryer
CN112432488A (en) * 2020-10-20 2021-03-02 际华(芜湖)农业科技发展有限责任公司 Grain drying hot air device capable of being rapidly cooled

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112414100A (en) * 2020-10-20 2021-02-26 际华(芜湖)农业科技发展有限责任公司 Hot air device for grain dryer
CN112432488A (en) * 2020-10-20 2021-03-02 际华(芜湖)农业科技发展有限责任公司 Grain drying hot air device capable of being rapidly cooled

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