CN212026598U - Structure system suitable for assembled steel structure building - Google Patents

Structure system suitable for assembled steel structure building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN212026598U
CN212026598U CN202020414349.0U CN202020414349U CN212026598U CN 212026598 U CN212026598 U CN 212026598U CN 202020414349 U CN202020414349 U CN 202020414349U CN 212026598 U CN212026598 U CN 212026598U
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steel
column
short steel
concrete
short
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汤德英
苏毅伟
戴燕翔
卢伟鹏
黄煜唯
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Xiamen Hwayang Architectural And Engineering Design Co ltd
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Xiamen Hwayang Architectural And Engineering Design Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a structure system suitable for assembled steel structure building, including a plurality of short steel columns and with the fixed steel frame post of short steel column concatenation, the bottom of a plurality of short steel columns all is provided with the concrete foundation who has pour in advance, and concrete foundation has pre-buried a plurality of crab-bolts when pouring, and the bottom and the crab-bolt of short steel column are articulated, and the top of a plurality of short steel columns is provided with a plurality of straining beams. The utility model discloses have that column base construction is high-efficient, steel construction stability is strong, realize the effect of the rapid Assembly of assembled steel construction building.

Description

Structure system suitable for assembled steel structure building
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the technique of assembled multilayer steel construction building and specifically relates to a structure system suitable for assembled steel construction building is related to.
Background
With the continuous reduction of construction workers and the improvement of labor cost in recent years and the requirement of building energy-saving, environment-friendly and low-carbon society and sustainable economic development, national and local governments vigorously promote the industrialization of buildings and set up related policies.
The assembled steel structure building is one of the main categories of the assembled building and is an important hand grip for promoting the industrialization and the modernization of the building industry. The assembled steel structure building has the characteristics of high material strength, small component, light dead weight, good anti-seismic performance, convenient standardization and normalization of the component, high prefabrication rate, high installation speed, environmental protection, low carbon, less building garbage, high recovery rate and the like. The technical standard of the fabricated steel structure building, which is published in 2017 in 1 month, sets up relevant technical standards and requirements for the fabricated steel structure building from various links such as building design, integrated design of prefabricated part components, production and transportation of part components, construction and installation, quality acceptance, use and maintenance and the like.
The utility model discloses a concrete outer wrapping type column base structure in chinese utility model patent with publication number CN 209941719U: comprises a steel column, a horizontal stiffening rib, a stud, outer concrete, a bottom plate, an anchor bolt and a foundation beam; the foundation beam is of a reinforced concrete structure, and reinforcing steel bars are alternately embedded in the foundation beam in a horizontal and vertical manner; the reinforcing steel bars in the middle of the foundation beam are respectively connected with the horizontal stiffening ribs through binding and welding, and anchor bolts are embedded in the center of the foundation beam; one half of the horizontal stiffening rib is embedded in the foundation beam, and the other half of the horizontal stiffening rib vertically extends upwards for a certain distance; reinforcing steel bars on two sides of the top end of the horizontal stiffening rib are bent inwards to form small hooks, and the inner side of the top of the horizontal stiffening rib is connected with the steel column through studs; the anchor bolt is of a cylindrical steel structure.
The above prior art solutions have the following drawbacks: the related standards and specifications such as steel structure design standard, steel structure technical regulation of high-rise civil buildings and the like have clear regulations on the externally-wrapped column base, the outer wrapping thickness of the rectangular tube or the circular tube is required to be not less than 180mm, and the outer wrapping height is not less than 2.5 times of the long edge size of the rectangular tube or the diameter of the circular tube. The requirements of relevant standards and specifications on the section of the outer-wrapped concrete are high, so that the problem that the section of the outer-wrapped column base outer-wrapped concrete is large and high is brought, according to engineering experience, outer-wrapped concrete steel bars need to be bent downwards at the top to be welded with a steel column, the quantity of the steel bars is large, stirrups are dense and distributed at corners, and the problem that construction is difficult is caused. Therefore, the external column base is not suitable for the construction of a multi-story and high-rise steel structure system.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Not enough to prior art exists, the utility model aims at providing a structure system suitable for assembled steel structure building, it has that column base construction is high-efficient, steel construction stability is strong, realize the advantage of the rapid Assembly of assembled steel structure building.
The above utility model discloses an above-mentioned utility model purpose can realize through following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a structural system suitable for assembled steel construction building, includes a plurality of short steel columns and splices fixed steel frame post with short steel column, and is a plurality of the bottom of short steel column all is provided with the concrete foundation who pours in advance, concrete foundation has pre-buried a plurality of crab-bolts when pouring in advance, the bottom and the crab-bolt of short steel column are articulated, and are a plurality of the top of short steel column is provided with a plurality of straining beams.
By adopting the technical scheme, the precast concrete base with the anchor bolt is hinged with the short steel column, and the existing conventional method is adopted for manufacturing and construction, so that the construction quality of the column base joint is ensured, and meanwhile, the design requirements of building earthquake-resistant design specifications on strong joint weak components are easily met, the reduction of the rigidity of a building is facilitated, the earthquake response is reduced, and the earthquake-resistant performance of the whole assembled steel structure is improved; the design of a plurality of straining beams that set up at the short steel column top, this bottom straining beam has not only increaseed the rigidity of assembled steel structure, has strengthened the whole atress ability of assembled steel structure moreover, forms "take the articulated assembled steel structural system of straining beam bottom short column", articulated column base is favorable to the installation and the adjustment of steel column to take one's place for the construction of column base is high-efficient swift, and steel structural stability is strong, thereby realizes the rapid Assembly ization of assembled steel structural system.
The present invention may be further configured in a preferred embodiment as: the bottom of the short steel column is hinged with the anchor bolt, and the top of the short steel column is connected with the tie beam at the ground or on the ground.
By adopting the technical scheme, the installation position of the short steel column base can be on the ground, so that the installation and adjustment of the short steel column are facilitated to be in place, the potential of hoisting equipment can be fully exerted, the equipment utilization rate is improved, the installation and adjustment are facilitated to be in place due to the design of the splicing position of the upper structural steel frame column and the short steel column, the construction of the column base is efficient, and the rapid assembly of the assembled steel structure building is realized.
The present invention may be further configured in a preferred embodiment as: the elevation of the concrete base can be adjusted according to the requirements of different buildings and structures.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the elevation of concrete foundation can be adjusted according to actual conditions is nimble, ensures that the installation of steel column takes one's place conveniently with the adjustment for column base construction is high-efficient, realizes the rapid Assembly of assembled steel structure building.
The present invention may be further configured in a preferred embodiment as: the concrete base is pre-embedded with the pre-embedded plate when being poured in advance, and the bottom of the short steel column is fixedly connected with the pre-embedded plate.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the bottom of short steel column can be direct and pre-buried board fixed connection to realize the installation of column base fixed, make the column base construction high-efficient, realize the rapid Assembly of assembled steel structure building.
The present invention may be further configured in a preferred embodiment as: the top of the straining beam is provided with a concrete plate, and the concrete plate arranged on the top of the straining beam can be eliminated.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, concrete slab presses at the top that the straining beam is right for the fixed of straining beam is more firm, further strengthens steel structural system's stability.
The present invention may be further configured in a preferred embodiment as: and shear keys are arranged at the bottoms of the short steel columns.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the shear force at forged steel column bottom can be resisted to the shear key, prevents to appear sliding between the top surface of short steel column bottom and concrete foundation, strengthens steel construction system's stability.
To sum up, the utility model discloses a following at least one useful technological effect:
the column base is hinged, so that the installation and the adjustment of a steel column are facilitated, the construction of the column base is efficient and rapid, the stability of a steel structure is strong, and the rapid assembly of an assembly type steel structure system is realized;
the potential of hoisting equipment can be fully exerted, the utilization rate of the equipment is improved, and the installation and the adjustment in place are facilitated, so that the construction of the column base is efficient, and the rapid assembly of the assembly type steel structure building is realized;
the bottom of short steel column can be direct and pre-buried board fixed connection to realize the installation of column base fixed, make the column base construction high-efficient, realize the rapid Assembly of assembled steel structure building.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is an overall schematic view of the present embodiment;
fig. 2 is a detailed view of the column shoe.
In the figure, 1, a short steel column; 2. a steel frame column; 3 shear key; 4. a concrete base; 5. an anchor bolt; 6. pre-burying a plate; 7. drawing a beam; 8. a base plate; 9. a concrete slab; 10. non-shrinkage fine stone concrete; 11. and a column base element concrete protective layer.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Referring to fig. 1, for the utility model discloses a structure system suitable for assembled steel structure building, including a plurality of short steel column 1 and with short steel column 1 fixed steel frame post 2 of concatenation.
Referring to fig. 1, a short steel column 1 is integrally formed by two parts, wherein the upper half part is in a circular truncated cone shape, and the lower half part is in a cylindrical shape. The bottom of the short steel column 1 is integrally formed with a bottom plate 8. The bottom plate 8 is rectangular, four anchor bolt holes (not marked in the figure) are formed in the bottom plate 8, and the axis of each anchor bolt hole is coaxial with the short steel column 1. The bottom of the bottom plate 8 is integrally formed with a shear key 3, and the shear key 3 is cylindrical.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, a concrete base 4 is poured in advance at the bottom of the short steel column 1, the concrete base 4 is in a rectangular parallelepiped shape, and the elevation of the concrete base 4 can be adjusted according to the requirements of different buildings and structures. Four anchor bolts 5 are pre-embedded in the concrete base 4 when the concrete base is poured in advance, the anchor bolts 5 penetrate out of the top wall of the concrete base 4, and the anchor bolts 5 and the concrete base 4 are fixed through concrete pouring. The top wall of the concrete base 4 is embedded with an embedded plate 6, a layer of non-shrinkage fine-stone concrete 10 can be additionally paved at the bottom of the embedded plate 6, and the embedded plate 6 and the concrete base 4 are fixed through concrete pouring.
The bottom plate 8 of short steel column 1 is articulated fixedly with crab-bolt 5, and crab-bolt 5 passes the anchor bolt hole welded fastening connection on the bottom plate 8, and wherein, can lay one deck column foot plain concrete inoxidizing coating 11 between short steel column 1, bottom plate 8 and the crab-bolt 5, increase the fastness. The bottom plate 8 of the short steel column 1 can also be directly welded and fixed with the embedded plate 6. The bottom of the short steel column 1, the anchor bolt 5 and the embedded plate 6 are fixedly connected on the ground or on the ground.
The top of the short steel column 1 is fixed with a tension beam 7, the tension beam 7 is cuboid, and the tension beam 7 can be a steel beam or a steel reinforced concrete beam. The short steel columns 1 are fixedly connected with the tie beams 7 through bolt welding, concrete plates 9 are fixedly bonded on the tops of the tie beams 7, and when the tie beams are used for structures such as pipe galleries, the concrete plates 9 on the upper layers of the tie beams 7 can be eliminated. The top of the short steel column 1 is connected with the tie beam 7 at or on the ground through bolt welding.
The implementation principle of the embodiment is as follows: the construction method comprises the steps of constructing and maintaining the concrete base 4 according to a concrete base 4 construction drawing of a design unit, firstly, hoisting the short steel column 1 and the concrete base 4 in a hinged mode, enabling the anchor bolt 5 to penetrate through an anchor bolt 5 hole in the bottom plate 8 to be fixedly connected or enabling the bottom plate 8 of the short steel column 1 to be directly fixedly welded with the embedded plate 6, hoisting the tie beam 7 again and enabling the tie beam to be connected with a node area of the short steel column 1 in a bolted welding mode, bonding and fixing the concrete plate 9 on the upper layer of the tie beam 7, enabling the tie beam 7 to form a stress structure system, and then hoisting the steel frame column 2 to be connected in a.
The embodiment of this specific implementation mode is the preferred embodiment of the present invention, not limit according to this the utility model discloses a protection scope, so: all equivalent changes made according to the structure, shape and principle of the utility model are covered within the protection scope of the utility model.

Claims (6)

1. A structural system suitable for assembled steel structure building which characterized in that: the steel frame column comprises a plurality of short steel columns (1) and steel frame columns (2) spliced and fixed with the short steel columns (1), the bottoms of the short steel columns (1) are provided with concrete bases (4) which are poured in advance, the concrete bases (4) are pre-embedded with a plurality of anchor bolts (5) when the short steel columns are poured, the bottoms of the short steel columns (1) are hinged to the anchor bolts (5), and the tops of the short steel columns (1) are provided with a plurality of tie beams (7).
2. A structural system suitable for use in fabricated steel structural buildings according to claim 1 wherein: the bottom of the short steel column (1) is hinged to the anchor bolt (5), and the top of the short steel column (1) is connected to the ground or on the ground through the tension beam (7).
3. A structural system suitable for use in fabricated steel structural buildings according to claim 1 wherein: the elevation of the concrete base (4) can be adjusted according to the requirements of different buildings and structures.
4. A structural system suitable for use in fabricated steel structural buildings according to claim 1 wherein: the concrete base (4) is pre-embedded with the pre-embedded plate (6) when being poured, and the bottom of the short steel column (1) is fixedly connected with the pre-embedded plate (6).
5. A structural system suitable for use in fabricated steel structural buildings according to claim 1 wherein: the top of the tension beam (7) is provided with a concrete plate (9), and the concrete plate (9) arranged on the top of the tension beam (7) can be eliminated.
6. A structural system suitable for use in fabricated steel structural buildings according to claim 1 wherein: and shear keys (3) are arranged at the bottoms of the short steel columns (1).
CN202020414349.0U 2020-03-27 2020-03-27 Structure system suitable for assembled steel structure building Active CN212026598U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020414349.0U CN212026598U (en) 2020-03-27 2020-03-27 Structure system suitable for assembled steel structure building

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020414349.0U CN212026598U (en) 2020-03-27 2020-03-27 Structure system suitable for assembled steel structure building

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113266077A (en) * 2021-05-11 2021-08-17 中交第一航务工程局有限公司 Shear-resistant construction process for column foot of high-rise steel structure mechanical type public transport garage

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113266077A (en) * 2021-05-11 2021-08-17 中交第一航务工程局有限公司 Shear-resistant construction process for column foot of high-rise steel structure mechanical type public transport garage

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