CN211997774U - Loading machine of automatic radar production line - Google Patents

Loading machine of automatic radar production line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211997774U
CN211997774U CN202020476283.8U CN202020476283U CN211997774U CN 211997774 U CN211997774 U CN 211997774U CN 202020476283 U CN202020476283 U CN 202020476283U CN 211997774 U CN211997774 U CN 211997774U
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China
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belt
feeding
machine
line
module
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CN202020476283.8U
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陈浩文
曾乐平
刘百超
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Changsha Microbrain Intelligent Technology Co ltd
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Changsha Microbrain Intelligent Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The invention provides a feeding machine of an automatic radar production line, which automatically feeds and removes dust on each part of a radar product, improves the production efficiency and the product quality and comprises a machine case, wherein a feeding module is arranged on one side of the machine case, a feeding port is arranged at the rear part of the machine case, the feeding port is connected to the inside of the machine case through a feeding belt, a stack of trays filled with the material is placed into the feeding belt, the feeding belt moves the trays to the forefront end, a four-axis robot takes the material from the trays, the four-axis robot takes the material through a robot claw at the front end, a dust removal module is arranged in front of the four-axis robot, the mounting position of the dust removal module does not exceed the front end of the feeding module, the dust removal module is responsible for removing the dust of the material grabbed by the robot claw, a belt line is arranged at the front end of the dust removal module, the material after dust removal is continuously moved to the belt line by the robot claw, the belt line feeds the jig to the next production unit.

Description

Loading machine of automatic radar production line
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of automatic production of radars, in particular to a feeding machine of an automatic production line of radars.
Background
Millimeter wave radar automation intelligence production line mainly is applied to radar sensor assembly, test, and millimeter wave radar automation intelligence production line needs to accomplish earlier the automatic equipment to the radar subassembly, and these radar subassemblies that need the equipment include usually: apron, PCBA board, conducting strip, sealing washer, waterproof base etc.. The process flow generally comprises: the method comprises the steps of component feeding, component dust removal, program burning of a PCBA board, ICT testing, heat conducting strip pasting, screw driving, air tightness leakage detection, aging testing, dark box testing and the like.
The existing radar assembly adopts a traditional manual assembly mode, the PCBA is easily subjected to invisible damage caused by manual assembly, the product percent of pass is influenced, the production cost is high, the production efficiency is low, and the quality of the assembled radar product is not uniform. The existing production line mode in the market is generally discrete in assembly, test and aging stations, the production line is poor in flexibility, a plurality of product models are difficult to be manufactured compatibly, the whole production line does not have the continuity of the whole process, the efficiency is low, and manual online assistance is still needed.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a feeding machine of an automatic radar production line, which can automatically feed and remove dust on each part of a radar product, and improve the production efficiency and the product quality.
The utility model provides a radar automatic production line's material loading machine, includes the quick-witted case, the pan feeding module is installed to one side of quick-witted case, is equipped with the pan feeding mouth at the rear portion of quick-witted case, is connected to quick-witted incasement portion through the belt of input and output, and the belt of input and output is put into to a pile of tray of filling with the material, and the belt of input and output moves the tray to foremost, and four-axis robot gets the material to the tray, and four-axis robot gets the material through the robot claw of front end, four-axis robot's the place ahead is provided with the dust removal module, the mounted position of dust removal module does not surpass the front end of pan feeding module, the dust removal module is responsible for removing dust to the material that the robot claw snatched, the belt line is installed to the front end of dust removal module, and the material after removing dust is continued to be moved to the.
Further, according to the feeding machine of the automatic radar production line, the robot paw is of a vacuum suction paw structure, and a CCD vision system is configured on the robot paw.
Further, a radar automatic production line's material loading machine, the machine case divide into upper quick-witted case and lower floor's quick-witted case, the pan feeding mouth sets up at the rear portion of lower floor's quick-witted case, and business turn over material belt is connected to lower floor's quick-witted incasement portion, the pan feeding module includes an elevating system, and the business turn over material belt is put into to a pile of tray of full material, and business turn over material belt moves the tray to foremost, and then elevating system moves the tray to full blister supporting plate position, full blister supporting plate position is located upper machine incasement, four-axis robot, dust removal module and the tool of putting the pan feeding all are located upper machine incasement.
Further, a radar automatic production line's material loading machine, four-axis robot gets the material of tray and finishes, trades a set module and moves the plastic uptake dish to empty plastic uptake tray position, and the alarm lamp at machine case top informs the staff and takes away empty tray.
Further, a radar automatic production line's material loading machine, four-axis robot installs the one side of pan feeding module in upper quick-witted case, four-axis robot passes through the robot mount pad and installs on the bottom plate of upper quick-witted case.
Further, the material loading machine of the automatic radar production line is characterized in that the belt line is an upper-layer belt line and a lower-layer belt line and comprises an upper-layer assembly production line and a lower-layer jig backflow production line.
Further, when the feeding machine of the automatic radar production line is located at the starting end of the automatic radar production line, the lifting belt module is installed at the starting end of the upper double-layer belt line and the lower double-layer belt line, and the lifting belt module is responsible for lifting the jig reflowing through the lower jig reflowing assembly line to the upper assembly line.
Furthermore, the machine box is provided with a transparent observation window, so that the working state of the four-axis robot in the machine box can be seen through the transparent observation window (1-121).
Further, according to the feeding machine of the automatic radar production line, the case is provided with the touch display screen, the top of the case is provided with the alarm lamp, and the industrial personal computer is configured to control production actions.
Further, the material loading machine of radar automatic production line is used for the apron material loading of radar automatic production line, PCBA board material loading or waterproof base material loading.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: 1) through dust removal and automatic robot feeding, the feeding cleanness is ensured, and the product quality is ensured; 2) by arranging the four-axis robot and arranging the CCD vision system on the gripper of the four-axis robot, intelligent production is realized, the production efficiency is high, and the quality is stable; 3) through the design of the upper and lower double-layer belt lines, the jig automatically flows back, the production automation degree is high, and the labor is saved; 4) through the setting of touch-sensitive screen, alarm lamp and transparent observation window, make things convenient for manual work and machine cooperation, management production process.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a three-dimensional schematic diagram of an automatic intelligent production line for millimeter wave radar;
FIG. 2 is a schematic top view of an automated intelligent production line for millimeter wave radars;
FIG. 3 is a schematic side view of an automated intelligent millimeter wave radar production line;
FIG. 4 is a front view of an intelligent production line for millimeter wave radar automation;
fig. 5 is a schematic view of the appearance structure of the case of the cover plate feeding machine (1);
fig. 6 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the case of the cover plate feeding machine (1);
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural view of the dust removal module (1-4);
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the inner structure of the PCBA and the cover assembling machine (4);
FIG. 9 is a schematic structural view of the pressure maintaining station (4-4);
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the attached heat conduction sheet machine (5);
FIG. 11 is a schematic structural view of the thermally conductive sheet feeding module (5-3);
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of the structure of the holding press (8);
FIG. 13 is a schematic structural view of the waterproof base assembling machine (9);
FIG. 14 is a schematic view of the structure of the airtightness testing machine (10);
FIG. 15 is a schematic structural view of the leak detection module (10-3);
FIG. 16 is a schematic view of an aging tray feeding elevating belt module;
FIG. 17 is a schematic view of the construction of the burn-in box (13);
FIG. 18 is a schematic structural view of the burn-in module (13-4);
FIG. 19 is a schematic view of the construction of the product discharge machine (14);
FIG. 20 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the dark box test unit (15);
FIG. 21 is a schematic view of the construction of the turntable module (15-2);
FIG. 22 is a schematic view of an off-line testing darkroom structure.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings so as to facilitate the understanding of the present invention by those skilled in the art.
The applicant provides a millimeter wave radar automation intelligence production line according to the production demand of this company's radar product, should produce the line compatibility height, and the flexibility is wide, and an online integrated manufacturing mode has high flexibility, and the material drops into, and the finished product output forms and produces line U type flow pattern, and modular design produces line control product quality and productivity through flexible intelligence.
In the following description, all directional indications (such as up, down, left, right, front, and rear … …) are used only to explain the relative positional relationship between the components, the movement, and the like in a certain posture (as shown in the drawings), and if the certain posture is changed, the directional indication is changed accordingly. Descriptions such as references to "first", "second", etc. are for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated.
Example 1
The utility model provides a millimeter wave radar automated intelligence production line, as shown in attached 1 ~ 3, includes 15 units in proper order: apron material loading machine (1), PCBA board material loading machine (2), PCBA board marking machine (3), PCBA board and apron kludge (4), paste heat conduction mascerating machine (5), waterproof base material loading machine (6), waterproof base marking machine (7), protect press (8), waterproof base kludge (9), gas tightness test machine (10), double-deck transportation belt feeder (11), ageing oven feed machine (12), ageing oven (13), finished product ejection of compact machine (14), camera bellows test unit (15), the automatic intelligent production line of millimeter wave radar adopts U molded lines overall arrangement, apron material loading machine (1), PCBA board material loading machine (2), PCBA board marking machine (3), PCBA board and apron kludge (4), paste heat conduction mascerating machine (5), waterproof base material loading machine (6), waterproof base marking machine (7), protect press (8), waterproof base kludge (9), The air tightness testing machine (10) is arranged on one side, the ageing box feeding machine (12), the ageing box (13), the finished product discharging machine (14) and the dark box testing unit (15) are arranged on the other side, and the air tightness testing machine (10) is connected with the ageing box feeding machine (12) through a double-layer conveying belt conveyor (11).
Further, as shown in fig. 4, the 15 units are all designed in a modular manner, except for the double-layer belt conveyor (11), each unit is provided with an independent case (numbered 1-1 to 15-1 in the drawing), the fifteenth case (15-1) is a dark case, and the rest are all case bodies with observation windows, specifically, as shown in fig. 5, taking the cover plate feeding machine (1) as an example, the cover plate feeding machine (1) includes: a first case (1-1), wherein the first case (1-1) can be divided into an upper case (1-12) and a lower case (1-11), each case is connected by an upper and a lower double-layer belt line, the upper layer of the upper and lower double-layer belt line is an assembly production line positioned in an upper layer case (1-12), the lower layer is a jig return production line positioned in a lower layer case (1-11), and a set of belt lifting module is matched to complete the circulation of the jig, due to the adoption of the double-layer assembly line design, the machine table can be freely spliced with other machine tables to realize flexible production, each machine case is provided with a transparent observation window (1-121), the working state of the four-axis robot in the machine box can be seen through the transparent observation windows (1-121), each machine box is respectively provided with a touch display screen (1-9), and the top of each machine box is provided with an alarm lamp (1-10).
The capacity of the millimeter wave radar automatic intelligent production line is planned to be 60s/PCS, each machine case is internally provided with an industrial personal computer or a PLC control production action and outputs data to a host computer of an MES system to form the radar automatic intelligent production system, the system comprises a set of assembly line consisting of a cover plate feeding machine (1), a PCBA plate feeding machine (2), a PCBA plate marking machine (3), a PCBA plate and cover plate assembling machine (4), a heat-conducting sheet pasting machine (5), a waterproof base feeding machine (6), a waterproof base marking machine (7), a pressure maintaining machine (8) and a waterproof base assembling machine (9), wherein the PCBA plate marking machine (3) marks each PCBA plate, each PCBA plate is provided with an independent delivery number, the PCBA plate and the cover plate assembling machine (4) are used for loading the PCBA plate into the cover plate and detecting whether the installation is qualified or not, unqualified products are detected, and qualified products flow into a next process unit, the waterproof base marking machine (7) marks codes on the outer surface of the waterproof base, each radar product has an independent two-dimension code, the waterproof base assembling machine (9) assembles the waterproof base and the cover plate by screws and detects whether the installation is qualified or not, unqualified products are detected, qualified products flow into the next process unit, the PCBA plate marking machine (3), the PCBA plate and cover plate assembling machine (4), the waterproof base marking machine (7) and the waterproof base assembling machine (9) are all provided with an industrial personal computer and connected with an MES system, all product assembling information is uploaded to the MES system for recording, a set of upper and lower double-layer belt lines are arranged in the assembling line, a lifting belt module is respectively arranged at the starting position and the ending position of the assembling line, the upper layer belt line is used for conveying the assembling jigs to sequentially flow among the process units, and the lifting belt module at the ending position is used for lowering empty assembling to the lower layer belt line after the assembling is finished, the lower-layer belt line returns the empty assembly jig to the initial position, and the lifting belt module at the initial position lifts the assembly jig to the upper-layer belt line, so that the automatic cycle of the assembly process is ensured; and a set of test line composed of an air tightness test machine (10), a double-layer conveying belt machine (11), an aging box feeding machine (12), an aging box (13), a finished product discharging machine (14) and a dark box test unit (15), wherein the air tightness test machine (10) detects the waterproof grade of the assembled radar product, unqualified products are detected, qualified products are placed in an aging tray and flow into the next process unit, an industrial personal computer is arranged in the air tightness test machine (10) and is connected with an MES system to record the air tightness test data and results of the product, the double-layer conveying belt machine (11) stores the aging tray full of the assembled radar product, the aging tray is conveyed into the aging box (13) for aging through the aging box feeding machine (12) after the number of the stored aging tray meets the one-time aging number of the aging box (13), the aged product flows into the finished product discharging machine (14), the aging box (13) and the finished product discharging machine (14) are internally, an industrial personal computer in the aging box (13) uploads aging data to an MES system, the MES system sends the data to a finished product discharging machine (14), a robot in the finished product discharging machine (14) selects an unqualified aged product to place in an NG belt, a qualified product is placed in a next process unit, the next process unit is a camera bellows test unit (15), the camera bellows test unit (15) performs performance test on a radar product, the industrial personal computer is arranged in the camera bellows test unit (15) and connected with the MES system, the performance test data is uploaded to the MES system, the radar product returns to the finished product discharging machine (14) after the test is finished, the robot in the finished product discharging machine (14) selects an unqualified product to place in the NG belt, the qualified product is placed in a finished product tray, aging tray lifting modules are respectively arranged in an air tightness test machine (10) and the finished product discharging machine (14) in a test line, an aging plate for fully storing assembled radar products is arranged on the upper layer of the double-layer conveying belt conveyor (11), an aging plate with an empty backflow lower layer is arranged on the upper layer in the aging box (13), an aging belt line is arranged on the upper layer in the aging box, an aging plate backflow belt line is arranged on the lower layer in the aging box, the aging plate circularly flows between the air tightness testing machine (10) and the finished product discharging machine (14), and the testing process is automatically and circularly carried out; the MES system realizes the following functions: 1) production tracking, comprising: scanning the two-dimension code, checking air tightness, checking a burning machine, checking a camera bellows and scheduling a work order; 2) the comprehensive efficiency of the equipment comprises: a production yield report, an equipment stability report, a production capacity report, an equipment comprehensive report, an equipment abnormal history, an SPC report and an MES database; 3) radar testing, comprising: radar communication control, radar calibration, a frequency spectrograph and a target simulator; 4) the function of the billboard is as follows: equipment screen display, computer screen display and MES board display. The MES database is connected with a golden disk system to provide a report function, and the report function comprises commonly used reports such as an equipment integrated efficiency report (OEE), SPC, productivity, yield and the like, a 55-inch LCD television billboard is externally arranged, an equipment industrial personal computer is connected with an android system to form an MES billboard mode, and the billboard has three modes for optional playing: customer's mode, the mode of patrolling the factory, general mode develop cell-phone APP MES system, and cell-phone APP can use account number password observation equipment state, and guarantor's press (8), double-deck transportation belt feeder (11), ageing oven feeder (12) use PLC control, and other machine casees are all adopted industrial control machine to control.
Specifically, the internal structure of a first chassis (1-1) of the cover plate feeding machine (1) is shown in fig. 6, a cover plate feeding module (1-2) is installed on one side of the first chassis (1-1), a cover plate feeding port (1-14) is arranged at the rear part of a lower chassis (1-11), the first chassis is connected to the inside of the lower chassis (1-11) through a cover plate feeding and discharging belt (1-21), the feeding module (1-2) comprises a lifting mechanism, a stack of trays filled with materials is placed into the cover plate feeding and discharging belt (1-21), the cover plate feeding and discharging belt (1-21) moves the trays to the foremost end, then the lifting mechanism moves the trays to a full blister tray position (1-22), the full blister tray position (1-22) is located in an upper chassis (1-12), after the first four-axis robot (1-3) finishes taking the materials of the trays, the tray changing module moves a plastic sucking tray to an empty plastic sucking tray position (1-23), an alarm lamp (1-10) informs a worker to take the empty tray away, a first four-axis robot (1-3) is installed on one side of a cover plate feeding module (1-2) in an upper chassis (1-12), the first four-axis robot (1-3) is installed on a bottom plate of the upper chassis (1-12) through a first robot installation seat (1-32), the first four-axis robot (1-3) grabs the cover plate (100) through a first robot claw (1-31) at the front end, the first four-axis robot (1-3) adopts an Epson four-axis manipulator, the first robot claw (1-31) is of a vacuum claw sucking structure, a CCD vision system is configured on the first robot claw (1-31) to ensure that feeding precision can be reliable, a first dust removal module (1-4) is arranged in front of the first robot mounting seat (1-32), the mounting position of the first dust removal module (1-4) does not exceed the front end of the feeding module (1-2), the dust removal module (1-4) is responsible for removing dust of the cover plate (100) grabbed by the first robot claw (1-31), a first upper and lower double-layer belt line (1-52) is mounted at the front end of the dust removal module (1-4), the cover plate (100) after dust removal is continuously moved to the first upper and lower double-layer belt line (1-52) by the first robot claw (1-31) and is placed into the jig (16), a first lifting belt module (1-51) is mounted at the front end of the cover plate feeding module (1-2), and the first lifting belt module (1-51) is located at the starting end of the first upper and lower double-layer belt line (1-52), the first upper and lower double-layer belt line (1-52) comprises an upper layer assembly production line and a lower layer jig backflow production line (the upper layer assembly production line is shown in the figure), the upper layer assembly production line sends a cover plate (100) on which the jig (16) is communicated to the upper layer assembly production line into a next production unit through a first jig discharge hole (1-13) on one side of an upper layer case (1-12), and the first lifting belt module (1-51) is responsible for lifting the jig reflowed by the lower layer jig backflow production line to the upper layer assembly production line.
The detailed structure of the first dust removal module (1-4), as shown in fig. 7, includes: the dust removing box comprises dust removing boxes (1-41), upper-layer ion air inlets (1-42), lower-layer ion air inlets (1-43), air outlets (1-44) and suction plates (1-45), wherein the dust removing boxes (1-41) are made of transparent materials or metal materials, such as glass, transparent plastics, stainless steel and the like, the dust removing boxes (1-41) are aligned to transparent observation windows (1-121) in front of a first machine box (1-1), the dust removing boxes (1-41) are of a middle rectangular shape and an upper conical structure, a rectangular inlet is formed in the top of the upper conical structure and used for a first robot claw (1-31) to suck a cover plate (100) and put into the dust removing boxes (1-41), an opening of the lower conical structure is connected with the air outlets (1-44), and the upper-layer ion air inlets (1-42) are located on the upper layer, the device is installed in an offset mode, namely the device is installed on an inclined plane of a conical structure, rotating air flow is formed during air blowing, dust in a product cavity is brought out, an ion air inlet (1-43) of the lower layer is located at the lower layer and is installed on the side face of a cuboid structure, an upper-layer delay air blowing technology is adopted, the upper layer blows air firstly, the lower layer blows air later, air with dust is discharged from a bottom air outlet (1-44) finally, a plasma air gun is adopted for the ion air inlet (1-42) of the upper layer and the ion air inlet (1-43) of the lower layer, a high-pressure air source blows air to a cover plate (100) in a dust removal box (1-41) through the plasma air gun, dust and static electricity on the surface of a product can be removed effectively, a first robot paw (1-31) is provided with a lower plane, the lower plane is adsorbed by a suction plate (, the blowing pressure can be adjusted.
PCBA board material loading machine (2), waterproof base material loading machine (6) all with apron material loading machine (1) almost the same, the difference is, do not have the lifting belt module, about double-deck belt line run through quick-witted case, machine case one side sets up the tool feed inlet, the opposite side sets up the tool discharge gate.
PCBA board marking machine (3) and waterproof base marking machine (7) adopt laser marking machine, establish industrial control machine control in, waterproof base marking machine (7), protect press (8), waterproof base kludge (9), gas tightness test machine (10), ageing oven feeder (12), finished product ejection of compact machine (14) all have the honowell reading machine.
The internal structure of the PCBA board and the cover plate assembling machine (4) is shown in the attached figure 8, and comprises the following components: a fourth chassis (4-1), wherein a fourth upper and lower double-layer belt line (4-6) is installed in the fourth chassis (4-1), the fourth upper and lower double-layer belt line (4-6) penetrates through a fourth jig feed port (4-11) on one side of the fourth chassis (4-1) and is connected to a fourth jig discharge port (4-12) on the other side, a fourth four-axis robot (4-3) is further installed in the fourth chassis (4-1), the fourth four-axis robot (4-3) is installed behind the fourth upper and lower double-layer belt line (4-6), a PCBA plate flowing into a previous production unit is grabbed and then placed into a burning clamp (4-2) for burning programs and ICT tests, then the PCBA plate is taken back and placed into a cover plate (100) on a jig (16), and a fourth four-axis robot (4-3) performs screw driving operation on a fourth pressure maintaining station (4-4), screws are sucked from a fourth screw supply platform (4-7) by a fourth four-axis robot (4-3), the types of the screws assembled in the machine platform in one-time production are the same, then a detection device is arranged at the front end of a suction claw of the fourth four-axis robot (4-3) for screw locking detection and laser ranging height detection, qualified products flow into a next production unit through a fourth upper and lower double-layer belt line (4-6) and a fourth jig discharge hole (4-12), NG products are taken out by the fourth four-axis robot (4-3) and placed into a fourth NG belt (4-5), the fourth NG belt (4-5) is taken away by workers through a fourth NG discharge hole (4-13), the fourth four-axis robot (4-3) is installed above the fourth NG belt (4-5), the burning clamp (4-2) is positioned on one side of the fourth four-axis robot (4-3), the robot paw of the fourth four-axis robot (4-3) is provided with a suction claw for grabbing the PCBA and adjusting the position of the PCBA, and further comprises a screw electric batch and a CCD visual system, the screw electric batch is used for screwing the PCBA, the screw electric batch adopts an air-blowing electric batch to perform missing lock, sliding tooth and floating lock detection, the screw electric batch is provided with a button force meter point detection torsion force, the point detection frequency can be set as 100 groups of point detection for 1 time, the CCD visual system is used for accurately positioning and correcting the position of the PCBA, in addition, the robot paw is further provided with an ohm dragon laser ranging system for detecting whether the assembly height is qualified or not, the intelligent electric batch and the laser ranging instrument are arranged to perfectly detect defective goods appearing in the assembly to ensure the assembly quality, each NG object is placed on the front section of the fourth NG belt (4-5) by the fourth four-axis robot (4-3), the fourth NG belt (4-5) steps by a certain distance until a machine station gives an alarm to prompt that the fourth NG belt (4-5) is full of materials after a belt end sensor senses the existence of the materials, workers take away NG products, a single fourth NG belt (4-5) can store 15PCS defective products at most, the fourth NG belt (4-5) is mainly used for storing unqualified cover plates or PCBA plates in the assembly process, wherein the structure of the fourth pressure maintaining station (4-4) is shown in figure 9, the fourth pressure maintaining station (4-4) is used for maintaining pressure of products and assisting in screwing, the fourth pressure maintaining station (4-4) comprises an installation plate (4-41), a pressure plate (4-42) and an air cylinder (4-43), and a plurality of pressure rods (4-44) are adopted on the pressure plate (4-42) to ensure multi-point pressing, the cylinder (4-43) adopts the synchronous two side slip table cylinders of moral guest to guarantee that clamp plate (4-42) perpendicularly pushes down the precision, set up the through-hole on clamp plate (4-42) and make things convenient for the screw to pack into, the design of the concrete shape of clamp plate (4-42), through-hole position can be changed according to the radar product model difference that will produce.
The internal structure of the heat conducting sheet sticking machine (5) is shown in figure 10, and comprises a fifth upper and lower double-layer belt line (5-4) positioned at the front end of a fifth case (5-1), a jig (16) carries a cover plate provided with a PCBA board and flows into the fifth upper and lower double-layer belt line (5-4) for positioning, a fifth four-axis robot (5-2) is arranged behind the fifth upper and lower double-layer belt line (5-4), a heat conducting sheet feeding module (5-3) is arranged on one side of the fifth four-axis robot (5-2), the fifth four-axis robot (5-2) sucks a heat conducting sheet (500) from the heat conducting sheet feeding module (5-3) and sticks the heat conducting sheet to the PCBA board, a suction claw of the fifth four-axis robot (5-2) is provided with vacuum detection, reliable material taking and sticking can be ensured, and the structure of the heat conducting sheet feeding module (5-3) is shown in figure 11, the heat conducting fin feeding module (5-3) is mainly used for providing a sheet-shaped heat conducting fin (500) and comprises a feeding barrel (5-31), the heat conducting fin (500) is wound on the inner side of a coil material of the feeding barrel (5-31), the heat conducting fin (500) is conveyed to a material taking port (5-35) through a first conveying assembly (5-32) and then is absorbed by a fifth four-axis robot (5-2), and the coil material is conveyed to a waste recycling cylinder by a second conveying assembly (5-33) and is collected.
The structure of guarantor's press (8) is as shown in fig. 12 for the waterproof bottom pressurize that will flow into corresponding station, after waterproof bottom pressurize succeeds, can not bounce the separation even after the release pressure, guarantee that waterproof base exempts from to weld pin needle and PCBA through-hole and fully contact in place, so with pressurize quick-witted independent unit, include: an eighth chassis (8-1), the eighth chassis (8-1) is divided into an eighth lower chassis (8-11) and an eighth upper chassis (8-12), an eighth transparent observation window (8-121) is arranged in front of the eighth upper chassis (8-12), the eighth lower chassis (8-11) and the eighth upper chassis (8-12) are separated by a bottom plate, jig feed and discharge ports are formed in two sides of the eighth lower chassis (8-11), a lower jig backflow production line (8-32) conveys jigs to return to an upper unit, jig feed and discharge ports are formed in two sides of the eighth upper chassis (8-12), an upper assembly production line (8-31) conveys jigs and products from the upper unit to the lower unit, and a pressure maintaining module (8-2) is arranged above the upper assembly production line (8-31), the pressure maintaining module (8-2) comprises a pressure plate, an SMC servo electric cylinder LEY32S3A-50, a force-relaxation pressure meter LFT-13B and a Honeyville code reading machine, wherein a plurality of pressure rods are adopted on the pressure plate to guarantee multipoint pressing, the pressing distance controlled by the servo electric cylinder can be read in real time, the pressure meter reads pressure data in real time, the pressing distance and the pressure data are transmitted to a PLC (programmable logic controller) in real time to be controlled, a touch screen (8-9) feeds back the pressing distance and the pressure data in real time and allows a worker to adjust parameters, and an eighth alarm lamp (8-10) sends an alarm signal when abnormality occurs.
The internal structure of the waterproof base assembling machine (9) is shown in figure 13, a set of turnover module (9-4), a set of Epson ninth four-axis robot (9-2), a set of ninth NG belt (9-3), a ninth screw supply platform (9-6) and a set of ninth upper and lower double-layer belt lines (9-5) are arranged in a ninth case (9-1), the main functions are that a jig (16) flowing into the belt line of the previous equipment is positioned, the waterproof base is arranged in a cover plate and screws are screwed, then the product can be placed in the turnover module (9-4) to be turned over if necessary, then the turned product is placed in the belt line jig (16), the jig (16) is finally sent to the next equipment by the belt line, and two suction claws are arranged on a robot claw of the ninth four-axis robot (9-2), the pneumatic electric screwdriver is used for screwing the waterproof base, the CCD vision is used for accurately positioning and correcting the position of the waterproof base, in addition, a set of laser ranging system of an ohm dragon is also arranged on a robot claw and is used for detecting whether the assembly height is qualified or not, a jig (16) flows into a ninth case (9-1) from a previous unit belt line, a pressure maintaining station is arranged on an upper layer belt line of the ninth upper and lower double-layer belt line (9-5), the structure of the pressure maintaining station is the same as that of the attached figure 9, a pressing plate of the pressure maintaining station is pressed down and is used for pressure maintaining and positioning products and assisting screwing, a plurality of columns are adopted on the pressing plate to ensure multi-point pressing, and after the screws are screwed, detecting unqualified products, moving the NG products to a ninth NG belt (9-3) by a ninth four-axis robot (9-2), and putting the qualified products into a jig by the ninth four-axis robot (9-2) to flow into the next unit along with the belt line.
The internal structure of the air tightness testing machine (10) is shown in fig. 14 and comprises a second lifting belt module (10-6), a leakage detecting module (10-3), a four-axis material taking module (10-2), an aging plate lifting module (10-4), an aging plate (10-5) and a tenth NG belt (10-7), wherein the second lifting belt module (10-6) is used for receiving and positioning a jig (16) flowing into the previous unit, after a product on the jig is taken away by the four-axis material taking module (10-2), the jig (16) is lowered to the lower layer, the jig (16) is returned to the belt of the jig backflow assembly line on the lower layer of the previous equipment, the four-axis material taking module (10-2) takes out the product in the jig and puts the product in the leakage detecting module (10-3), and after the test, the product is put in the aging plate (10-5), the four-axis material taking module (10-2) is used for grabbing finished radar products in the jig, a double-suction claw structure is adopted to match with bar code gun scanning, accurate and reliable material loading can be guaranteed, the structure of the leakage detection module (10-3) is shown in figure 15, the leakage detection module comprises a group of feeding rails and a set of pressing jig, specifically comprises a leakage detection material loading position (10-34), a feeding rail (10-35), a leakage detection jig (10-33), a leakage detection position (10-36), an upper die (10-32) and a pressing air cylinder (10-31), the leakage detection jig (10-33) is firstly conveyed to the leakage detection material loading position (10-34) through the feeding rails (10-35), the four-axis material taking module (10-2) puts grabbed products into the leakage detection jig (10-33), and the four-axis material taking module (10-2) is provided with a CCD (charge coupled device) vision system to accurately put the products into the, then the leak detection jig (10-33) returns to the leak detection position (10-36), an upper die (10-32) matched with the leak detection jig (10-33) is arranged above the leak detection position (10-36), a pressing air cylinder (10-31) pushes the upper die (10-32) to be pressed with the leak detection jig (10-33) to form a leak detection environment, after the air storage tank is inflated, air pressure is kept balanced for a period of time, then air is detected by using a Hilim leak detector, or after a vacuum pump pumps out air in the lower space of the leak detection jig (10-33), air pressure in the upper space or the lower space is detected after air pressure is kept balanced for a period of time, so as to detect that the radar product meets the waterproof grade requirement of IP67, unqualified products are placed in a tenth NG belt (10-7), and an aging tray lifting module (10-4) comprises an up-down lifting track and a belt line, the lift track is used for giving double-deck belt line feed and retrieving ageing tool, and the belt line can plug into double-deck belt line, and the belt rises to have card material cylinder to block ageing tray after the upper strata, and the manipulator of being convenient for gives ageing tray material loading, and the material loading is full back, and card material cylinder loosens, and the tray can be by belt line inflow next equipment, and the belt line moves to the bottom after, can plug into the empty ageing tray of next equipment backward flow.
The upper layer belt line of double-deck transportation belt feeder (11) conveys the ageing dish that the full material was loaded on last unit to next unit, and the lower floor belt line conveys the empty tray of next unit backward flow to last unit to realize the connection of U molded lines overall arrangement, this equipment uses PLC control.
The burn-in box feeder (12) is used to put the received burn-in tray into the burn-in box (13), then receive the empty tray returned by the burn-in box (13) and transfer it to the previous unit, where PLC control is used, and the twelfth cabinet contains a set of burn-in tray feeding lifting belt modules, as shown in fig. 16, including: the aging device comprises mounting bases (12-21), linear modules (12-22), lifting platforms (12-23), rotary cylinders (12-24) and aging tray supply belt lines (12-25), wherein the aging tray supply lifting belt modules are mounted in a twelfth case through the mounting bases (12-21), the mounting height covers the height of the whole case, the linear modules (12-22) drive the lifting platforms (12-23) to lift in the case, the heights of the aging tray supply belt lines (12-25) on the lifting platforms (12-23) can be changed, the rotary cylinders (12-24) can drive the aging tray supply belt lines (12-25) to rotate 90 degrees, and aging trays are conveyed to the aging belt lines (13-2) of the aging box (13) at different heights through the linear modules (12-22) and the lifting platforms (12-23), corner feeding meeting the U-shaped line layout is realized by rotating cylinders (12-24).
The structure of the aging box (13) is shown in fig. 17, one side of a thirteenth case (13-1) is provided with three layers of aging plate feed inlets (13-11), the other corresponding side is provided with three layers of aging plate discharge outlets, three layers of aging belt lines (13-2) are correspondingly arranged between the aging plate feed outlets, the lowest layer is also provided with an aging plate backflow outlet (13-12), an aging plate backflow belt (13-3) is arranged between the aging plate backflow outlets, aging modules (13-4) are arranged on the three layers of aging belt lines (13-2), the thirteenth case (13-1) is also provided with a thirteenth touch display screen (13-9) and a thirteenth alarm lamp (13-10), and the concrete structure of the aging modules (13-4) is shown in fig. 18 and comprises: the aging belt line comprises aging stations (13-41), jacking cylinders (13-42), aging belt lines (13-2), blocking cylinders (13-43) and aging disks (13-44), when the aging disks (13-44) flow to the aging belt lines (13-2), the aging disks (13-44) can be blocked by the blocking cylinders (13-43) corresponding to each aging station (13-41), then the jacking cylinders (13-42) jack the aging disks (13-44), then the chuck cylinders clamp the aging disks (13-44) to be electrified, the jacking cylinders (13-42) return to ensure that the aging belt lines (13-2) are smooth, after the set aging time is up, the chuck cylinders are released, the aging disks (13-44) descend to the aging belt lines (13-2) and are transported to the next unit, each layer of the aging box (13) is provided with four aging stations (13-41), the aging machine is characterized by comprising 12 aging stations (13-41) in total, each aging disc (13-44) corresponds to one aging station (13-41), each aging disc (13-44) can be loaded with 24PCS products, the aging box (13) can contain 288PCS products and age simultaneously, the machine adopts a belt flow design, and if the requirement of capacity expansion is needed subsequently, a new aging box can be spliced directly, so that flexible manufacturing is realized.
The internal structure of the finished product discharging machine (14) is shown in fig. 19, and comprises: an aging tray taking and recycling module (14-2), a fourteenth four-axis robot (14-3), a fourteenth NG belt (14-6), a darkroom material loading position (14-4) and a finished product receiving module (14-5), which are mainly used for sorting and receiving aging trays coming out of an aging box (13), returning empty aging trays, putting products into the darkroom for testing, finally receiving the products into a plastic suction tray, abutting belt lines of the aging tray taking and recycling module (14-2) after the aging trays flow out of the aging box (13), then lifting the belt lines to a manipulator taking position of the fourteenth four-axis robot (14-3), after the manipulator finishes taking the finished products in the aging trays, descending the belt lines to abut against the last layer of the aging box (13), and then returning the empty aging trays, wherein a robot paw of the fourteenth four-axis robot (14-3) is provided with two suction claws, the system is used for grabbing finished products and making rotation, the fourteenth four-axis robot (14-3) adopts a Japanese Epson four-axis robot, high-speed and high-precision movement can be realized, the maintenance is simple, the reliability is high, a first paw on the robot paw is used for grabbing the finished products from an aging tray, products which are unqualified in the aging box (13) in the aging test are grabbed by a robot suction paw and then placed into a fourteenth NG belt (14-6), qualified products are placed into a darkroom material loading position (14-4), after the test is carried out in a darkroom test unit (15), the qualified products are placed into a finished product receiving module (14-5) by the first suction paw on the robot paw, the unqualified products are placed into the fourteenth NG belt (14-6), and after the fourteenth NG belt (14-6) and the finished product receiving module (14-5) are fully loaded, production personnel are prompted to take away the full material through an alarm lamp.
The inner structure of the camera bellows test unit (15) is shown in fig. 20, and comprises a fifteenth chassis (15-1) of a sealed box body, one side of the sealed box body, which is connected with a finished product discharging machine (14), is provided with a sliding door (15-11), the sliding door (15-11) is used for centering a camera bellows feeding position (14-4) and can slide into the finished product discharging machine (14), the inner side of the sliding door (15-11) is provided with a radar turntable module (15-2), a fourteenth four-axis robot (14-3) is used for placing a radar product onto the radar turntable module (15-2), the radar turntable module (15-2) comprises a clamp (15-21) as shown in fig. 21, the clamp (15-21) comprises a clamping device (15-212) and an upper electrical interface (15-211), the clamping device (15-212) can adopt an electric control or small cylinder to control automatic clamping of radar products, the power-on interface (15-211) is connected with a circuit board and a wire circuit according to the type of the radar products, the power-on is carried out automatically and radar data is sent to an industrial personal computer, the clamp (15-21) is connected with the polarization shaft (15-22), the polarization shaft (15-22) is connected on the vertical rod (15-23) in a rotating mode, the pitch angle can reach plus or minus 90 degrees, the vertical rod (15-23) is connected with the horizontal rotary table (15-24), the horizontal rotary table (15-24) is driven by the motor (15-25), the horizontal rotation angle can reach plus or minus 170 degrees, the radar rotary table module (15-2) is integrally installed on a platform on the inner side of the sliding door (15-11) through the rotary table installation base, wave absorbing materials are fully paved on the inner wall of the fifteenth case (15-1), a linear slide rail (15-3), an arc slide rail (15-4) and a target simulator (15-5) are further arranged in the fifteenth case (15-1), two groups of arc-shaped slide rails (15-4) are arranged, the target simulator (15-5) is connected on the linear slide rail (15-3) or the arc-shaped slide rail (15-4) through a slide rod, can move along the slide rail to simulate the motion of a target, the radar product detects the motion of the target and feeds back the detection result to the industrial personal computer, the actual motion parameters of the target, such as motion speed, position and other information, are preset and controlled by an industrial personal computer program, the information is transmitted to a driving motor connected on the sliding rod through a circuit, and the detection performance of the radar can be analyzed and obtained through comparison.
The production line specifically comprises the following characteristics and advantages:
1) this strip is produced line and is contained: apron automatic feeding machine, PCBA board material loading machine, base automatic feeding machine, the material loading machine adopts the modularized design, and functional structure is the same, accomplishes the subassembly material loading separately.
2) The feeding machine adopts a plasma air gun to remove dust from the components, and dust and static electricity on the surface of the product are removed.
3) Double-deck belt line and one set of belt lifting module about adopting, the upper strata is the equipment assembly line, and the lower floor is the tool backward flow assembly line, and the circulation of tool is accomplished to cooperation lift belt line, owing to adopt the design of double-deck assembly line, the board can freely splice with other boards, realizes flexible production.
4) The cover plate is fed firstly, the PCBA plate is fed and subjected to burning and ICT testing, then the manipulator is used for screwing on the pressure maintaining station, and the PCBA plate is installed on the cover plate.
5) Carry the slice conducting strip by the feed bucket, the four-axis robot gets the material to paste dress conducting strip to PCBA board in.
6) Set up the pressurize unit, ensure that waterproof base exempts from to weld pin needle and PCBA through-hole fully to contact in place, install the sealing washer on waterproof base in advance, after waterproof bottom pressurize success, even can not bounce off the separation behind the release pressure yet.
7) And the waterproof base assembling unit is used for assembling the waterproof base and the cover plate and checking whether the assembly is qualified or not.
8) And the air tightness testing unit is used for carrying out air tightness testing and checking whether the assembled radar product reaches the IP67 waterproof standard.
9) And integrating the aging box on line.
10) The finished product discharging machine is used for feeding materials for darkroom test and picking out qualified finished products and NG products.
11) And (4) carrying out online radar darkroom test.
12) The mobile phone APP MES system is developed by comprising an external 55-inch LCD television billboard.
Example 2
As shown in the attached drawing 22, a camera bellows test can also adopt an off-line test mode to establish a camera bellows test chamber, the camera bellows test chamber comprises a camera bellows, wave absorbing materials (16-1) are fully paved on the inner wall of the camera bellows, a door (16-11) is arranged on the camera bellows for personnel to enter and exchange radar products, the radar products are placed on a camera bellows radar rotary table module (16-2), the camera bellows radar rotary table module (16-2) and the radar rotary table module (15-2) are designed according to the same principle, the camera bellows radar rotary table module (16-2) is installed on a rotary table track (16-6), the rotary table track (16-6) is 0.5 to 1 meter long, and other parts of the camera bellows linear slide rail (16-3), the camera bellows arc slide rail (16-4) and the camera bellows target simulator (16-5) are all arranged on the linear slide rail (15-3), The principles and the structures of the darkroom arc-shaped sliding rail (15-4) and the darkroom target simulator (15-5) are the same, and the performance of the darkroom during the motion of the radar can be simulated and tested by arranging the turntable rail (16-6).
Other alternative embodiments
Since the production line can realize flexible production, the sequence of each machine can be adjusted and combined within a reasonable range, the above embodiments are only used for illustrating the specific implementation manner of the invention, but not for limiting the invention, and the adjusted and combined production line does not change the design idea of the production line, and therefore, the production line is to be included in the scope of the protection claimed by the invention.

Claims (10)

1. A feeding machine of an automatic radar production line is characterized by comprising a machine case, wherein a feeding module is arranged on one side in the machine case, a feeding port is arranged at the rear part of the case and is connected to the inside of the case through a feeding belt and a discharging belt, a stack of trays filled with materials is placed into the feeding belt and the discharging belt, the trays are moved to the foremost end through the feeding belt and the discharging belt, a four-axis robot takes materials from the trays, the four-axis robot takes materials through a robot claw at the front end, a dust removal module is arranged in front of the four-axis robot, the installation position of the dust removal module does not exceed the front end of the feeding module, the dust removal module is responsible for removing dust of the materials grabbed by the robot paw, the belt line is installed at the front end of the dust removal module, materials after dust removal are moved to the belt line continuously by the robot claw and are placed into a jig of the belt line, and the jig is sent into the next production unit by the belt line.
2. The feeder of the automatic radar production line as recited in claim 1, wherein the robot gripper is of a vacuum gripper structure, and a CCD vision system is disposed on the robot gripper.
3. The feeding machine of claim 1, wherein the machine case is divided into an upper machine case and a lower machine case, the feeding port is arranged at the rear part of the lower machine case, the feeding belt is connected to the inside of the lower machine case, the feeding module comprises an elevating mechanism, a stack of trays filled with materials is placed in the feeding belt, the feeding belt moves the trays to the foremost end, then the elevating mechanism moves the trays to a full blister tray position, the full blister tray position is located in the upper machine case, and the four-axis robot, the dust removal module and the jig for placing the materials are located in the upper machine case.
4. The automatic radar production line feeder according to claim 3, wherein the four-axis robot is mounted on one side of the feeding module in the upper chassis, and the four-axis robot is mounted on the bottom plate of the upper chassis through a robot mounting seat.
5. The feeding machine of the automatic radar production line according to claim 1, wherein the belt line is an upper belt line and a lower belt line, and comprises an upper assembly line and a lower jig return line.
6. The feeding machine of the automatic radar production line according to claim 5, wherein when the feeding machine of the automatic radar production line is located at the starting end of the automatic radar production line, the starting ends of the upper and lower double-layer belt lines are provided with the lifting belt module, and the lifting belt module is responsible for lifting the jig returned by the lower jig return line to the upper assembly line.
7. The feeder of the automatic radar production line according to claim 1, wherein the casing is provided with a transparent observation window through which the working state of the four-axis robot in the casing can be seen.
8. The loading machine of the automatic radar production line according to claim 1, wherein a touch display screen is arranged on the machine case, an alarm lamp is arranged on the top of the machine case, and an industrial personal computer is arranged to control production actions.
9. The feeder of the automatic radar production line as recited in claim 1, wherein after the four-axis robot takes out the tray, the tray changing module moves the plastic suction tray to an empty plastic suction tray position, and an alarm lamp at the top of the case informs the operator to take out the empty tray.
10. The feeder of the automatic radar production line according to any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein the feeder is used for feeding a cover plate, a PCBA (printed Circuit Board Assembly) or a waterproof base of the automatic radar production line.
CN202020476283.8U 2020-04-03 2020-04-03 Loading machine of automatic radar production line Active CN211997774U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113120609A (en) * 2021-03-22 2021-07-16 深圳格芯集成电路装备有限公司 Chip disk replacing equipment

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113120609A (en) * 2021-03-22 2021-07-16 深圳格芯集成电路装备有限公司 Chip disk replacing equipment
CN113120609B (en) * 2021-03-22 2022-02-08 深圳格芯集成电路装备有限公司 Chip disk replacing equipment

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