CN211977242U - Gas water heating equipment - Google Patents

Gas water heating equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211977242U
CN211977242U CN201921423992.3U CN201921423992U CN211977242U CN 211977242 U CN211977242 U CN 211977242U CN 201921423992 U CN201921423992 U CN 201921423992U CN 211977242 U CN211977242 U CN 211977242U
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smoke
gas
longitudinal
guide plate
inlets
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CN201921423992.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谢转萍
车冬冬
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Vaillant Wuxi Heating Equipment Co Ltd
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Vaillant Wuxi Heating Equipment Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a gas hot water equipment, it includes shell, combustor, absorbs the heat that the combustor produced and give the heat transfer for the heat exchanger of rivers through it and collect the produced flue gas of burning and with its exhaust fume extractor. The fume extractor comprises a fume collecting hood and a guide plate. Through setting up the guide plate in collection petticoat pipe bottom to set up different smoke inlets on the guide plate, come the equilibrium because the irregular configuration of collection petticoat pipe and the amount of wind maldistribution that causes, thereby make the combustion state homogeneous of the flame that each fire row top of combustor formed, and then ensure that the burning is abundant, effectively reduce the emission of carbon monoxide in the flue gas.

Description

Gas water heating equipment
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a hot water preparation field especially relates to a gas hot water equipment.
Background
Gas-fired water heating apparatuses generally include a gas water heater and a gas boiler. Taking a gas water heater as an example, a burner, a heat exchanger, and a piping system are generally disposed therein. Burners often include several fire segments arranged side by side, each having a gas-air mixing channel. The gas passes through the gas proportional valve and is sprayed into the fire row sheets through the gas distribution frame, the gas and the air are mixed in the mixing channel of the fire row sheets and are transferred to the fire holes positioned at the tops of the fire row sheets to be combusted in the combustion chamber and generate heat, the generated heat can heat water in the heat exchanger, and then the heated water can be output through a pipeline system to meet the supply requirement of domestic hot water for drinking, bathing and the like. The gas boiler can be used for providing domestic hot water and can also be communicated with a radiator arranged indoors to provide a central heating function.
A fan and a smoke collecting hood are also generally installed in the gas water heating equipment. The fan is used for supplying air required by combustion to the combustor and discharging waste flue gas generated by combustion through the smoke collecting hood. For the upward pumping type gas water heating equipment, the fan and the smoke collecting hood are installed together above the heat exchanger. The fume collecting hood is generally L-shaped, having a horizontal longitudinal portion and a vertical portion perpendicular to the longitudinal portion. The fan sets up in the contained angle space of the vertical part of collection petticoat pipe and vertical part, and vertical part one side of collection petticoat pipe is equipped with the outlet flue, and is relative with the air inlet of fan to under the suction effect of fan, the flue gas gets into from collection petticoat pipe bottom, and gets into the fan and finally discharge through vertical part's side outlet flue. The asymmetric configuration of the fume collecting hood and the position of the fume outlet cause uneven distribution of the air volume on the bottom plane of the fume collecting hood, and accordingly, the combustion state of the flames formed at the tops of the fire rows of the burner is not consistent. For example, on the side where the air volume is relatively concentrated, the flame formed on the burner is likely to be out of flame, and on the side where the air volume is insufficient, the flame formed on the burner is likely to be yellow flame. Obviously, the above situation will lead to a significant increase in carbon monoxide emissions, thus polluting the environment.
In view of the above, there is a need to modify existing gas-fired water heating equipment to solve the above problems.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a gas hot-water apparatus, it has modified fume extractor in order to balance the amount of wind to make the burning more abundant, effectively reduce the emission of carbon monoxide in the flue gas.
An object of the utility model is to provide a gas hot-water apparatus, it includes shell, combustor, absorbs the heat that the combustor produced and gives the heat transfer for the heat exchanger of rivers through it and collect the produced flue gas of burning and with its exhaust fume extractor. The fume extractor comprises a fume collecting hood and a guide plate. The smoke collecting hood is positioned above the combustor and the heat exchanger and is provided with a longitudinal part extending along the longitudinal direction and a vertical part connected with the longitudinal part and extending along the vertical direction, the bottom of the smoke collecting hood is opened, and a smoke outlet is arranged on the side wall of the vertical part of the smoke collecting hood connected with the longitudinal part. The guide plate is fixedly arranged at an opening at the bottom of the smoke collecting cover, and a plurality of smoke inlets are formed in the guide plate, wherein the smoke inlets form a smoke inlet area in a region facing the longitudinal part of the guide plate, which is larger than the smoke inlet area in a region facing the vertical part of the guide plate.
As a further improvement of the utility model, the area of the cigarette inlet formed by the plurality of cigarette inlets is larger than that of the cigarette outlet.
As a further improvement of the utility model, a plurality of smoke inlet intervals evenly distribute on the guide plate, and the smoke inlet size that is located the guide plate just to the region of longitudinal part is greater than the smoke inlet size that is located the guide plate just to the region of vertical part.
As a further improvement of the utility model, a plurality of smoke inlets are non-uniformly distributed on the guide plate.
As a further improvement of the present invention, one of the plurality of smoke inlets has a portion extending in the longitudinal direction and a portion extending in the lateral direction perpendicular to the longitudinal direction.
As a further improvement of the utility model, the longitudinal extending part of the smoke inlet is positioned in the area of the guide plate just facing the longitudinal part.
As a further improvement of the utility model, the parts of the smoke inlets in the area of the guide plate just facing the longitudinal part are distributed on the opposite sides with the smoke outlets along the transverse direction perpendicular to the longitudinal direction.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that: through setting up the guide plate in collection petticoat pipe bottom to set up different smoke inlets on the guide plate, come the equilibrium because the irregular configuration of collection petticoat pipe and the amount of wind maldistribution that causes, thereby make the combustion state homogeneous of the flame that each fire row top of combustor formed, and then ensure that the burning is abundant, effectively reduce the emission of carbon monoxide in the flue gas.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings related to the present invention in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a gas-fired water heating apparatus according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic plan view of the gas fired water heating apparatus shown in FIG. 1 with portions of the housing panels removed and in front elevation;
FIG. 3 is a schematic plan view of a gas supply assembly of the gas-fired water heating apparatus shown in FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of the gas distribution frame of the gas supply assembly shown in FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of the air distribution frame shown in FIG. 4 from another perspective;
FIG. 6 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the gas distribution frame shown in FIG. 4;
FIG. 7 is a perspective view of a segment valve of the gas supply assembly shown in FIG. 3;
FIG. 8 is a schematic perspective view of a smoke evacuation device of the gas fired water heating apparatus shown in FIG. 2;
FIG. 9 is a plan view of a deflector of the smoke evacuation device shown in FIG. 8;
FIG. 10 is a perspective view similar to FIG. 8 showing a smoke evacuation device in accordance with another embodiment;
FIG. 11 is a plan view of a deflector of the smoke evacuation device shown in FIG. 10;
fig. 12 is a left side view of the smoke evacuation device shown in fig. 10.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to embodiments shown in the drawings. However, these embodiments are not intended to limit the present invention, and structural, methodical, or functional changes that may be made by one of ordinary skill in the art based on these embodiments are all included in the scope of the present invention.
The gas water heater can be a gas water heater which uses combustible gas as fuel, such as natural gas, city gas, liquefied gas, methane and the like, heats water by burning the combustible gas to meet the requirement of domestic water of users, and can also be a gas boiler for central heating. The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to a gas water heater as an example.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, a gas water heater according to an embodiment of the present invention is shown. The gas water heater 100 includes a housing 10, a burner 31, a heat exchanger 32, a smoke exhaust device 40, a fan (not shown), a gas supply unit for controlling gas supply to the burner, and the like, which are housed in the housing 10.
In the present embodiment, the housing 10 is substantially rectangular, and may be formed by joining a plurality of panels. The burner 31 comprises a burner unit, in this embodiment a plurality of fire strips arranged side by side, arranged within a burner housing. Each fire row plate is provided with a gas-air mixing channel, and gas and air supplied by the gas supply assembly are mixed in the mixing channel and transferred to fire holes at the top of the fire row plate to be combusted and generate heat. In the present embodiment, in order to reduce the emission of nitrogen oxides, the burner is water-cooled, that is, a water pipe passes through the head of each fire row piece to reduce the flame temperature, thereby reducing the emission of nitrogen oxides. The heat exchanger 32 is mounted above the burner 31 and defines a combustion chamber with the burner. The heat exchanger 32 may be a finned tube heat exchanger, i.e., a heat exchanger comprising a plurality of fins through which a heat absorbing water tube is circuitously passed. The water pipe protrudes from the bottom of the housing 10 to form a water inlet 11 and a water outlet 12. The gas-air mixture is combusted in the combustion chamber, the generated heat is absorbed by the fins and further transferred to the water flowing from the water inlet 11 and through the heat absorption water pipe, and the heated water is discharged through the water outlet 12, thereby providing the water required for heating and/or life for the user.
Referring to fig. 3 to 7, the gas supply assembly is disposed below the burner 31, and includes a gas proportional valve 21, a segment valve 22, and a gas separation frame 23. The gas proportional valve 21 communicates with the external gas pipe 13 and is connectable to a control circuit board (not shown) to controllably control the amount of gas supplied to the burner 31 by adjusting the valve opening thereof. The gas distribution frame 23 is disposed to extend lengthwise and includes a body, a plurality of gas inlets formed on the body, and a plurality of gas outlets 232 disposed on the body and facing the burner 31. In the present embodiment, the plurality of air outlets 232 are arranged in two rows in the longitudinal direction, because there are two gas and air inlets for each fire row, so in other embodiments, if there is only one gas and air inlet for each fire row, only one row of air outlets 232 needs to be provided. The air inlet is disposed on the opposite side of the air outlet 232. As shown with reference to fig. 6, a partition 234 is provided in the main body of the gas separation frame to divide the space in the gas separation frame into a first chamber 2331 and a second chamber 2332 separated from each other in the longitudinal direction. Accordingly, the plurality of air inlets may be divided into a first air inlet 2311 communicating with the first cavity 2331, and a second air inlet 2312 communicating with the second cavity 2332; the plurality of gas outlets 232 may also be divided into a first portion of gas outlets in communication with the first chamber 2331 and a second portion of gas outlets in communication with the second chamber 2332. In the present embodiment, the number of the first section air outlets is smaller than the number of the second section air outlets to achieve combustion with a smaller load. Of course, in other embodiments, the gas distribution frame can be divided into more sections as required.
As shown with reference to fig. 7, the segment valve 22 includes a valve body disposed between the gas proportional valve 21 and the sub-frame 23, the valve body including a first valve portion 221, a second valve portion 222, and a bridge portion 223 connected between the first and second valve portions. A first valve hole 2211 communicating with the first intake port 2311 is formed through the first valve portion 221, a second valve hole 2221 communicating with the second intake port 2312 is formed through the second valve portion 222, and the first valve hole 2211 and the second valve hole 2221 communicate with each other through the bridge portion 223. The gas proportional valve 21 is connected to the bottom of the first valve part 221 of the segment valve through a gas line, and an electric control device 224, which may be a solenoid valve, is mounted to the bottom of the second valve part 222 and may be connected to a control circuit board to be controlled to selectively open or close the second valve hole 2221. There are two first air inlets 2311 and two second air inlets 2312 corresponding to the two rows of air outlets 232, respectively. The first valve part 221 is provided at the top thereof with a first boss 2212 having a hollow area formed in the middle thereof, and when the segment valve 22 is mounted to the air distribution frame 23, the hollow area of the first boss 2212 covers the two first air inlets 2311, thereby ensuring that the first valve hole 2211 communicates with the first air inlets (2311). Similarly, the second valve portion 222 is provided at the top thereof with a second boss 2222 having a hollow area formed in the middle thereof, and when the partition valve 22 is mounted to the air distribution frame 23, the hollow area of the second boss 2222 covers the two second air inlets 2312, thereby ensuring that the second valve hole 2221 communicates with the second air inlets 2312.
When low-load combustion is required, the second valve hole 2221 of the segment valve 22 is blocked, so that the gas sequentially passes through the gas proportional valve 21, the first valve hole 2211 of the segment valve, the first gas inlet 2311 and the first cavity 2331, is sprayed out from the first part gas outlet, enters the corresponding part fire discharge piece together with the air, is mixed and then is combusted. And when full load combustion is required, the second valve hole 2221 of the sectional valve 20 is opened, so that the gas enters the sectional valve 22 through the gas proportional valve 21; in one aspect, the gas passes through the first valve hole 2211 of the segment valve and partially enters the first cavity 2331 of the gas distribution frame through the first gas inlet 2311; on the other hand, the gas portion passing through the first valve hole 2211 of the segment valve is branched to the second valve hole 2221 through the bridge portion 223 and then enters the second cavity 2332 of the gas-dividing frame through the second gas inlet 2221. That is, the combustion gas is ejected from all of the gas outlets 232 and enters all of the fire strips, thereby achieving full power combustion.
Because the sectional valve is arranged between the gas proportional valve and the gas distributing frame, the gas proportional valve with the simplest structure can be adopted, and the structure of the sectional valve is simple, so that the overall design and the manufacturing difficulty of the gas supply assembly are greatly reduced, and the gas supply assembly is easy to realize.
Referring to fig. 8 and 9, a smoke exhaust device 40 for collecting smoke (exhaust gas containing carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, etc.) generated by combustion and discharging the smoke to the outside includes a smoke collecting hood 41 and a guide plate 42. The hood 41 is located above the burner 31 and the heat exchanger 32, and has a longitudinal portion 411 extending in the longitudinal direction (X-axis direction), and a vertical portion 412 connected to the longitudinal portion and extending in the vertical direction (Z-axis direction). The bottom of the fume collecting hood 41 is open, and the side wall of the fume collecting hood vertical part 412 connected with the longitudinal part 411 is provided with a fume outlet 43. The fan is usually arranged in the included angle space between the longitudinal part 411 and the vertical part 412 of the smoke collecting hood, and a centrifugal fan can be adopted, namely, gas enters from the axial direction of the fan, then changes into radial direction when passing through the impeller rotating at high speed, and then decelerates, so that kinetic energy is converted into pressure energy, and the flow of smoke is driven. The axial air inlet of the fan is opposite to the smoke outlet 43 of the smoke collecting cover. It will be appreciated that during operation of the fan, a greater volume of air is formed in the region of the vertical portion 412, while a relatively lesser volume of air is formed in the region of the longitudinal portion. Due to such unevenness of the air volume, the combustion state of the flame formed at the top of each fire row of the burner is not uniform, and the combustion is not sufficient.
The guide plate 42 is fixedly installed at the bottom opening of the smoke collecting cover 41, and is provided with a plurality of smoke inlets 421 and 422. Firstly, it is ensured that the smoke inlet area formed by the plurality of smoke inlets 421 and 422 is larger than the area of the smoke outlet 43, so as not to reduce the total air volume of the fan due to the introduction of the guide plate. In addition, in order to ensure that the combustion state of the flames formed at the top of each fire row of the burner is consistent, the air volume entering the bottom of the smoke collecting hood 41 needs to be uniformly and consistently distributed, so that the air volume is balanced by arranging the smoke inlet on the guide plate 42, and the overall requirement is that the smoke inlet area formed by the plurality of smoke inlets 421 and 422 in the area of the guide plate 42 facing the longitudinal part 411 is larger than the smoke inlet area formed in the area of the guide plate 42 facing the vertical part 412. Referring to fig. 9, in the present embodiment, the smoke inlets are evenly distributed on the baffle plate 42 at intervals, but the size of the smoke inlet 421 in the area of the baffle plate 42 facing the longitudinal portion 411 is larger than the size of the smoke inlet 422 in the area of the baffle plate 42 facing the vertical portion 412.
Another embodiment is shown in fig. 10-12. In the present embodiment, the smoke exhaust device 50 also includes a smoke collecting hood 51 and a flow guide plate 52; the smoke collecting hood 51 basically has the same structure as the above-mentioned embodiment, and also includes a longitudinal portion 511 and a vertical portion 512, and a smoke outlet 53 is opened on a side wall of the vertical portion 512. As shown by referring to fig. 12, the smoke outlet 53 is provided near one end of the side wall in the transverse direction (Y-axis direction) perpendicular to the longitudinal direction. The main difference with the above-described embodiment is that several smoke inlets 521, 522 are non-uniformly distributed on the baffle plate 52. Wherein one of the plurality of smoke inlets 521 has a portion 5211 extending in the longitudinal direction and a portion 5212 extending in the transverse direction. The longitudinally extending portion 5211 of the smoke inlet 521 is located in the area of the baffle plate 52 facing the longitudinal portion 511. Likewise, the plurality of smoke inlet 521, 522 form a smoke inlet area (the longitudinally extending portion 5211 of the smoke inlet 521) in the region of the baffle 52 facing the longitudinal portion 511 that is larger than the smoke inlet area formed in the region of the baffle 52 facing the vertical portion 512. In addition, the parts (i.e. 5211) of the plurality of smoke inlets 521 and 522 in the area of the baffle plate 52 facing the longitudinal part 511 are transversely distributed opposite to the smoke outlet 53, i.e. the longitudinally extending parts 5211 of the smoke inlets 521 are arranged far away from the smoke outlet 53 in the transverse direction (Y-axis direction), so that the air volume in the bottom area of the longitudinal part 511 of the smoke collecting hood can be further balanced, and the air volume distribution in the transverse direction cannot be uneven due to the deviation arrangement of the smoke outlet 53.
Through setting up the guide plate in collection petticoat pipe bottom to set up different smoke inlets on the guide plate, come the equilibrium because the irregular configuration of collection petticoat pipe and the amount of wind maldistribution that causes, thereby make the combustion state homogeneous of the flame that each fire row top of combustor formed, and then ensure that the burning is abundant, effectively reduce the emission of carbon monoxide in the flue gas.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to details of the above-described exemplary embodiments, but that it can be implemented in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics of the invention. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment may contain only a single embodiment, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should integrate the description, and the embodiments may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.

Claims (7)

1. A gas water heating device comprises a shell, a burner, a heat exchanger for absorbing heat generated by the burner and transferring the heat to water flow passing through the heat exchanger, and a smoke exhaust device for collecting smoke generated by combustion and discharging the smoke; characterized in that, fume extractor includes:
the smoke collecting hood is positioned above the combustor and the heat exchanger and is provided with a longitudinal part extending along the longitudinal direction and a vertical part connected with the longitudinal part and extending along the vertical direction, the bottom of the smoke collecting hood is opened, and a smoke outlet is arranged on the side wall of the vertical part of the smoke collecting hood connected with the longitudinal part;
the guide plate is fixedly arranged at an opening at the bottom of the smoke collecting cover, and a plurality of smoke inlets are formed in the guide plate, wherein the smoke inlets form a smoke inlet area in a region, facing the longitudinal part, of the guide plate, and the smoke inlet area is larger than the smoke inlet area in a region, facing the vertical part, of the guide plate.
2. The gas-fired water heating apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the area of the smoke inlet formed by the plurality of smoke inlets is larger than that of the smoke outlet.
3. The gas-fired water heating apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the smoke inlets are uniformly distributed on the guide plate at intervals, and the size of the smoke inlet in the area of the guide plate, which is right opposite to the longitudinal part, is larger than that of the smoke inlet in the area of the guide plate, which is right opposite to the vertical part.
4. The gas-fired water heating apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the plurality of smoke inlets are non-uniformly distributed on the guide plate.
5. The gas-fired water heating apparatus according to claim 4, wherein: one of the plurality of smoke inlets has a portion extending in a longitudinal direction and a portion extending in a transverse direction perpendicular to the longitudinal direction.
6. The gas-fired water heating apparatus according to claim 5, wherein: the longitudinally extending portion of the smoke inlet is located in the area of the deflector directly facing the longitudinal portion.
7. The gas-fired water heating apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the smoke inlets are distributed on the opposite sides of the smoke outlets in the transverse direction perpendicular to the longitudinal direction in the area of the guide plate facing the longitudinal part.
CN201921423992.3U 2019-08-19 2019-08-19 Gas water heating equipment Active CN211977242U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921423992.3U CN211977242U (en) 2019-08-19 2019-08-19 Gas water heating equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921423992.3U CN211977242U (en) 2019-08-19 2019-08-19 Gas water heating equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211977242U true CN211977242U (en) 2020-11-20

Family

ID=73354037

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921423992.3U Active CN211977242U (en) 2019-08-19 2019-08-19 Gas water heating equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211977242U (en)

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