CN211841961U - Three-coordinate type marking device for special-shaped shell casting - Google Patents

Three-coordinate type marking device for special-shaped shell casting Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211841961U
CN211841961U CN201922138382.5U CN201922138382U CN211841961U CN 211841961 U CN211841961 U CN 211841961U CN 201922138382 U CN201922138382 U CN 201922138382U CN 211841961 U CN211841961 U CN 211841961U
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China
Prior art keywords
guide rail
scribing
special
marking
scriber
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CN201922138382.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王宁超
李沛森
闫杰
付志军
任广笑
马二波
申孝立
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SHANXI JIANGHUAI HEAVY INDUSTRY CO LTD
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SHANXI JIANGHUAI HEAVY INDUSTRY CO LTD
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Priority to CN201922138382.5U priority Critical patent/CN211841961U/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a three-coordinate type marking device for a special-shaped shell casting, which solves the problems of low accuracy, time consumption and labor consumption of manual marking of the special-shaped shell casting. The square scribing platform is characterized in that a right-angle scribing reference frame (2) is arranged on a table top of a scribing platform (1), an X-direction guide rail supporting base (3) is arranged on the right-angle scribing reference frame (2), an X-direction scribing guide rail (4) is arranged on the X-direction guide rail supporting base (3), an X-direction sliding block (5) is movably arranged on the X-direction scribing guide rail (4), a vertical upward Z-direction guide rail (6) is connected onto the X-direction sliding block (5), a Z-direction sliding block (7) is movably arranged on the Z-direction guide rail (6), a Y-direction guide rail (8) is connected onto the Z-direction sliding block (7), a Y-direction sliding block (12) is movably arranged on the Y-direction guide rail, and a scribing needle (14) is. The technical problem of three-coordinate direction scribing of the special-shaped casting is solved.

Description

Three-coordinate type marking device for special-shaped shell casting
Technical Field
The invention relates to a device for scribing a casting blank cavity, in particular to a device and a method for scribing an inner cavity structure and an outer cavity structure of a special-shaped shell blank casting.
Background
Before machining the inner cavity and the outer cavity of the special-shaped shell blank casting, scribing the shell, and machining according to scribing standards on the inner side wall and the outer side wall of the shell; the existing three-coordinate marking method is that a height gauge is arranged on a marking platform reference surface, then a special-shaped shell blank casting is arranged on three jacks on a marking workbench, X-direction leveling and X-direction marking are carried out on the special-shaped shell blank casting by using the marking platform reference surface as a reference through a marking mechanism, after X horizontal direction marking of all structures of the special-shaped shell blank casting is completed, the special-shaped shell blank casting needs to be lifted away from the jacks to rotate for 90 degrees and then is arranged on the three jacks again, Y-direction leveling and Y-direction marking are carried out on the special-shaped shell blank casting, after Y-direction marking is completed, the special-shaped shell blank casting needs to be erected for Z-direction marking before Z-direction marking is carried out, and as the reference surface of a three-coordinate system needs to be kept as the same marking reference, the special-shaped shell blank casting needs to be erected before the special-shaped shell blank casting, firstly, drawing out the finished X-direction scribing lines and Y-direction scribing lines on two ports of the shell to the outer side of the shell to determine a center cross line; in the scribing process, the problem that the center cross line is inaccurate in determination often exists, so that the problem that products are scrapped due to the fact that the casting blank allowance is not appropriate after the casting is roughly milled according to the scribing is solved; in addition, in the scribing process, the special-shaped shell blank casting is clamped and centered, the special-shaped shell blank casting has the characteristics of complex process and difficulty in operation, and the lifting rotation and the overturning in the scribing process increase the workload of reference alignment and increase the potential safety hazard in the scribing process.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a three-coordinate type marking device and a marking method for a special-shaped shell casting, and solves the technical problems of low accuracy, time consumption and labor consumption of manual marking of the special-shaped shell casting.
The invention solves the technical problems by the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a three-dimensional formula marking device of dysmorphism casing foundry goods, including the marking off platform, be provided with the support jack on the marking off platform, be provided with special-shaped casing foundry goods on the support jack, be provided with right angle shape marking off benchmark frame on the mesa of marking off platform, be provided with X direction guide rail support base on right angle shape marking off benchmark frame, be provided with X direction marking off guide rail on X direction guide rail support base, the activity is provided with X direction slider on X direction marking off guide rail, be connected with perpendicular ascending Z direction guide rail on X direction slider, the activity is provided with Z direction slider on Z direction guide rail, be connected with Y direction guide rail on Z direction slider, the activity is provided with Y direction slider on Y direction slider, be connected with the scriber on Y direction slider.
The Y-direction sliding block is connected with a zigzag scriber supporting cantilever, the outer side end of the zigzag scriber supporting cantilever is provided with a zigzag scriber, the inner side end of the zigzag scriber and the outer side end of the zigzag scriber supporting cantilever are connected together in a clamping manner through a clamping sleeve, the outer side end of the zigzag scriber supporting cantilever is in a four-prism shape, the inner side end of the zigzag scriber is also in a four-prism shape, the clamping sleeve is in a rectangular shell shape, and the clamping sleeve is provided with a knurled screw for tightly propping up the outer side end of the zigzag scriber supporting cantilever and the inner side end of the scriber; an electromagnet is arranged in the X-direction guide rail supporting base, and the X-direction guide rail supporting base is fixedly adsorbed on the table top of the scribing platform through the electromagnet.
A three-coordinate type marking method for a special-shaped shell casting is characterized by comprising the following steps:
firstly, arranging a right-angle scribing reference frame on a table top of a scribing platform, and determining the right-angle scribing reference frame as a scribing reference of a special-shaped shell casting; arranging an X-direction guide rail supporting base on a right-angle scribing reference frame, and switching on a power supply of an electromagnet in the X-direction guide rail supporting base to enable the X-direction scribing guide rail to be fixedly adsorbed on a table top of a scribing platform (1);
secondly, supporting the special-shaped shell casting on a table top of a marking platform by using three supporting jacks, selecting the highest point and the lowest point of a multi-section non-processing surface in the inner cavity of the special-shaped shell casting through an X-direction marking guide rail, an X-direction sliding block, a Z-direction guide rail, a Z-direction sliding block, a Y-direction guide rail, a Y-direction sliding block and a scriber, leveling the workpiece, drawing a horizontal line by using the scriber, selecting the farthest point and the nearest point of the multi-section non-processing surface in the inner cavity of the special-shaped shell casting according to a right-angle reference, aligning the workpiece, finally performing multi-coordinate alignment on the special-shaped shell casting, and marking; when the X, Z direction sizes of all structures in the special-shaped shell casting are drawn, the sizes of the cross lines can be reset to zero, and the X, Z direction sizes of all movable blocks are drawn by sliding the horizontal ruler; when the Y-direction size of each structure in the special-shaped shell casting is marked, the Y-direction size of all the structures is marked by the way that the inner cavity is not processed with a flange surface and returns to zero.
The invention fixes the marked workpiece at one time through multi-coordinate alignment, does not need to rotate and erect the marked workpiece, and solves the technical problem of three-coordinate direction marking of the special-shaped casting.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of the scribing mechanism of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The invention is described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings:
the utility model provides a three-dimensional formula marking device of dysmorphism casing foundry goods, including marking off platform 1, be provided with support jack 10 on marking off platform 1, be provided with dysmorphism casing foundry goods 9 on support jack 10, be provided with square marking off benchmark frame 2 on the mesa of marking off platform 1, be provided with X direction guide rail support base 3 on square marking off benchmark frame 2, be provided with X direction marking off guide rail 4 on X direction guide rail support base 3, X direction marking off guide rail 4 is gone up the activity and is provided with X direction slider 5, be connected with perpendicular ascending Z direction guide rail 6 on X direction slider 5, Z direction slider 7 is gone up the activity and is provided with Z direction slider 7 on Z direction guide rail 6, be connected with Y direction guide rail 8 on Z direction slider 7, Y direction slider 12 is gone up the activity and is provided with Y direction slider 12 on Y direction guide rail 8, be connected with scriber 14 on Y direction.
A zigzag scribing needle supporting cantilever 13 is connected to the Y-direction slider 12, a zigzag scribing needle 14 is arranged at the outer side end of the zigzag scribing needle supporting cantilever 13, the inner side end of the zigzag scribing needle 14 and the outer side end of the zigzag scribing needle supporting cantilever 13 are connected together in a clamping manner through a clamping sleeve 15, the outer side end of the zigzag scribing needle supporting cantilever 13 is in a four-prism shape, the inner side end of the zigzag scribing needle 14 is also in a four-prism shape, the clamping sleeve 15 is in a rectangular shell shape, and a knurled screw 16 for tightly jacking the outer side end of the zigzag scribing needle supporting cantilever 13 and the inner side end of the scribing needle 14 is arranged on the clamping sleeve 15; an electromagnet 11 is arranged in the X-direction guide rail supporting base 3, and the X-direction guide rail supporting base 3 is fixedly adsorbed on the table top of the scribing platform 1 through the electromagnet 11.
A three-coordinate type marking method for a special-shaped shell casting is characterized by comprising the following steps:
firstly, arranging a right-angle scribing reference frame 2 on a table top of a scribing platform 1, and determining the right-angle scribing reference frame 2 as a scribing reference of a special-shaped shell casting; arranging an X-direction guide rail supporting base 3 on a right-angle scribing reference frame 2, and switching on a power supply of an electromagnet 11 in the X-direction guide rail supporting base 3 to enable an X-direction scribing guide rail 4 to be fixedly adsorbed on a table top of a scribing platform 1;
secondly, supporting the special-shaped shell casting 9 on the table top of a marking platform 1 by using three supporting jacks 10, selecting the highest point and the lowest point of the multi-section non-processing surface in the inner cavity of the special-shaped shell casting 9 through an X-direction marking guide rail 4, an X-direction sliding block 5, a Z-direction guide rail 6, a Z-direction sliding block 7, a Y-direction guide rail 8, a Y-direction sliding block 12 and a scribing pin 14, leveling the workpiece, drawing a horizontal line by using the scribing pin 14, selecting the farthest point and the closest point of the multi-section non-processing surface in the inner cavity of the special-shaped shell casting 9 according to a right-angle reference, aligning the workpiece, finally aligning the multi-coordinate of the special-shaped shell casting 9 and scribing a; when the X, Z direction sizes of all structures in the special-shaped shell casting 9 are marked, the sizes of the cross lines can be reset to zero, and the X, Z direction sizes of all movable blocks are marked by sliding the horizontal ruler; when the Y-direction sizes of all structures in the special-shaped shell casting 9 are drawn, the sizes of all the structures in the Y direction are drawn by zeroing the non-machined flange surface of the inner cavity.

Claims (2)

1. A three-coordinate type marking device for a special-shaped shell casting comprises a marking platform (1), wherein a supporting jack (10) is arranged on the marking platform (1), and a special-shaped shell casting (9) is arranged on the supporting jack (10), and is characterized in that a right-angle marking reference frame (2) is arranged on the table top of the marking platform (1), an X-direction guide rail supporting base (3) is arranged on the right-angle marking reference frame (2), an X-direction marking guide rail (4) is arranged on the X-direction guide rail supporting base (3), an X-direction sliding block (5) is movably arranged on the X-direction marking guide rail (4), a Z-direction guide rail (6) which is vertically upward is connected on the X-direction sliding block (5), a Z-direction sliding block (7) is movably arranged on the Z-direction guide rail (6), and a Y-direction guide rail (8) is connected on the Z-direction sliding block (7, a Y-direction sliding block (12) is movably arranged on the Y-direction guide rail (8), and a scriber (14) is connected on the Y-direction sliding block (12).
2. The three-coordinate scribing device for the special-shaped shell casting according to claim 1, wherein a zigzag scriber supporting cantilever (13) is connected to the Y-direction slider (12), a zigzag scriber (14) is arranged at the outer end of the zigzag scriber supporting cantilever (13), the inner end of the zigzag scriber (14) and the outer end of the zigzag scriber supporting cantilever (13) are connected together in a clamping manner through a sleeve (15), the outer end of the zigzag scriber supporting cantilever (13) is in a four-prism shape, the inner end of the zigzag scriber (14) is also in a four-prism shape, the sleeve (15) is in a rectangular shell shape, and a knurled screw (16) for abutting the outer end of the zigzag scriber supporting cantilever (13) and the inner end of the scriber (14) is arranged on the sleeve (15); an electromagnet (11) is arranged in the X-direction guide rail supporting base (3), and the X-direction guide rail supporting base (3) is fixedly adsorbed on the table top of the scribing platform (1) through the electromagnet (11).
CN201922138382.5U 2019-12-03 2019-12-03 Three-coordinate type marking device for special-shaped shell casting Active CN211841961U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922138382.5U CN211841961U (en) 2019-12-03 2019-12-03 Three-coordinate type marking device for special-shaped shell casting

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922138382.5U CN211841961U (en) 2019-12-03 2019-12-03 Three-coordinate type marking device for special-shaped shell casting

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211841961U true CN211841961U (en) 2020-11-03

Family

ID=73218253

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201922138382.5U Active CN211841961U (en) 2019-12-03 2019-12-03 Three-coordinate type marking device for special-shaped shell casting

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211841961U (en)

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