CN211836951U - Dust device for civil engineering - Google Patents

Dust device for civil engineering Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211836951U
CN211836951U CN202020171655.6U CN202020171655U CN211836951U CN 211836951 U CN211836951 U CN 211836951U CN 202020171655 U CN202020171655 U CN 202020171655U CN 211836951 U CN211836951 U CN 211836951U
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China
Prior art keywords
wall
water
motor
lead screw
civil engineering
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CN202020171655.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
姚瑞
张剑
王小倩
关辰龙
金路
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Henan Vocational College of Water Conservancy and Environment
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Henan Vocational College of Water Conservancy and Environment
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a dust device for civil engineering, including the movable plate, the welding has two extension boards on the top outer wall of movable plate, and is connected with the lead screw through the bearing between two extension boards, has the movable block through threaded connection on the outer wall of lead screw, and the top of movable block is provided with atomizer, and it has the spout to open on the top outer wall of movable plate, and sliding connection has the slider in the spout, and the top and the movable block welding of slider have a first motor through bolted connection on one side outer wall of one of them extension board, and the output shaft of first motor passes through the parallel key and is connected with the lead screw. The utility model discloses a first motor, lead screw and atomizer that set up, first motor corotation and reversal drive the lead screw and rotate for the atomizer who is connected with the moving body is reciprocating motion on the lead screw and carries out the water smoke and spray, has realized spraying even effect, reaches good dust fall purpose, and has saved the manpower simultaneously.

Description

Dust device for civil engineering
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a mechanical transmission technical field especially relates to a dust device for civil engineering.
Background
Rain and sewage flow is a drainage system, which is a sewage drainage mode that rain water and sewage are separated and are respectively conveyed by a pipeline for drainage or subsequent treatment. Need excavate the part of road in the reposition of redundant personnel of rain and sewage construction, directly arrange the river course through adding the pipe network with the rainwater through rainwater pipe network, sewage then collects the back through the sewage pipe network, sends to sewage treatment plant and handles, avoids sewage directly to get into the river course and causes the pollution.
At the road excavation in-process, can produce a large amount of dusts, prior art's dust device then utilizes the handheld water pipe of manpower to spray water the dust fall to the construction region, and such dust fall mode makes water smoke spray inhomogeneous, does not reach the dust fall effect of ideal, causes the dust to continue to influence the air quality, brings the injury to the health of living in the road other resident, but also extravagant manpower. Therefore, it is necessary to design a dust falling device for civil engineering to solve the above problems.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model aims at solving the water smoke that exists among the prior art and spraying inhomogeneously, the dust fall effect is unsatisfactory, extravagant manpower shortcoming, and the dust device for civil engineering who provides.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme: the utility model provides a dust device for civil engineering, includes the movable plate, the welding has two extension boards on the top outer wall of movable plate, and is connected with the lead screw through the bearing between two extension boards, there is the movable block through threaded connection on the outer wall of lead screw, and the top of movable block is provided with atomizer, it has the spout to open on the top outer wall of movable plate, and sliding connection has the slider in the spout, the top and the movable block welding of slider, one of them there is first motor through bolted connection on one side outer wall of extension board, and the output shaft of first motor passes through the parallel key and is connected with the lead screw.
The key concept of the technical scheme is as follows: the screw rod is driven to rotate by utilizing the positive rotation and the reverse rotation of the first motor, so that the spraying device connected with the moving body does reciprocating motion on the screw rod to spray water mist, the uniform spraying effect is realized, and the good dust falling purpose is achieved.
Further, the bottom of movable plate is connected with two pivots through the bearing, and the both ends of two pivots all weld the wheel, the bottom of wheel is provided with two guide rails, one of them the welding has driven gear on the outer wall of pivot, there is the second motor bottom of movable plate through bolted connection, and the one end welding of the output shaft of second motor has the driving gear, driving gear and driven gear meshing.
Furthermore, there are water tank and water pump through bolted connection on the top outer wall of movable plate, and be connected with the inlet tube between water tank and the water pump, be connected with the outlet pipe on the outer wall of one side of water pump, the one end that the water pump was kept away from to the outlet pipe is connected with atomizer.
Furthermore, a water filling port is arranged on the outer wall of the top of the water tank, and a filter screen is arranged inside the water filling port.
Furthermore, the top of the moving block is rotatably connected with a rotating body through a shaft, and the bottom of the spraying device is connected with the rotating body through a bolt.
Furthermore, a plurality of grooves are formed in the outer wall of one side of the rotating body, and spring pieces with protrusions are welded to the outer wall of the top of the moving block, and the protrusions of the spring pieces are located in the grooves.
The utility model has the advantages that:
1. through the first motor, the lead screw and the atomizer that set up, first motor corotation and reversal drive the lead screw and rotate for the atomizer who is connected with the moving body is reciprocating motion on the lead screw and carries out the water smoke and sprays, has realized spraying even effect, reaches good dust fall purpose, and has saved the manpower simultaneously.
2. Through the guide rail, second motor and the wheel that set up, the second motor drives the wheel and moves on the guide rail for atomizer follows the progress of engineering and carries out the water smoke and spray, has consequently realized the effect of accurate dust fall.
3. Through rotor, recess and the spring leaf that sets up, the rotor can rotate on the movable block to change atomizer's the angle that sprays water smoke, the cooperation of spring leaf and recess can make atomizer's injection angle obtain fixing, has consequently realized the effect of multi-angle regulation atomizer injection angle.
4. Through the filter screen that sets up, engineering water contains more impurity, sprays the dust fall in-process at the water smoke, and the impurity of aquatic causes atomizer to block up very easily, influences the dust fall effect, so use the filter screen, can prevent effectively that atomizer from being blockked up.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a dust-settling device for civil engineering, which is provided by the utility model;
fig. 2 is an enlarged view of a structure a of the dust falling device for civil engineering, which is provided by the utility model;
fig. 3 is the utility model provides a dust device's for civil engineering structure B department enlargedly.
In the figure: the device comprises a moving plate 1, a guide rail 2, wheels 3, a rotating shaft 4, a second motor 5, a driving gear 6, a driven gear 7, a first motor 8, a screw rod 9, a support plate 10, a water tank 11, a water pump 12, a water inlet pipe 13, a water outlet pipe 14, a spraying device 15, a water filling port 16, a moving block 17, a sliding block 18, a rotating body 19, a sliding groove 20, a groove 21 and a spring piece 22.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 3, a dust-settling device for civil engineering includes a movable plate 1, two support plates 10 welded on the outer wall of the top of the movable plate 1, the support plates 10 are welded in parallel on two sides of one side of the movable plate 1, a lead screw 9 is connected between the two support plates 10 through a bearing, the left end of the lead screw 9 penetrates through the support plates 10, a moving block 17 is connected on the outer wall of the lead screw 9 through threads, the moving block 17 is connected with the lead screw 9 through threads, the rotation of the lead screw 9 can be converted into the linear motion of the moving block 17, a spraying device 15 is arranged on the top of the moving block 17, the spraying device 15 performs reciprocating motion on the lead screw 9 to spray water mist, the effect of uniform spraying is realized, the good dust-settling purpose is achieved, a chute 20 is formed on the outer wall of the top of the movable plate 1, two ends of the chute 20 are, the top of the sliding block 18 is welded with the moving block 17, when the lead screw 19 rotates, the moving block 17 can be prevented from rotating under the action of the sliding groove 20 and the sliding block 18, the outer wall of one side of one of the support plates 10 is connected with the first motor 8 through a bolt, the type of the first motor 8 is PLX, a forward and reverse rotation program is arranged inside the first motor 8, periodic motion of forward rotation and reverse rotation can be achieved within a specified time without manual operation, the output shaft of the first motor 8 is connected with the lead screw 9 through a flat key, and the first motor 8 is used for providing power for rotation of the lead screw 9.
As can be seen from the above description, the present invention has the following advantages: through the first motor, the lead screw and the spraying device that set up, first motor drives the lead screw corotation and reversal for the spraying device who is connected with the moving body is reciprocating motion on the lead screw and carries out the water smoke and sprays, has realized spraying even effect, reaches good dust fall purpose, and has saved the manpower simultaneously.
Further, the bottom of movable plate 1 is connected with two pivots 4 through the bearing, two pivot 4 parallel arrangement each other, and wheel 3 has all been welded at the both ends of two pivots 4, wheel 3 is unilateral guide rail wheel, the bottom of wheel 3 is provided with two guide rails 2, guide rail 2 lays in the both sides that need the construction region, make wheel 3 can move along guide rail 2, the welding has driven gear 7 on the outer wall of one of them pivot 4, there is second motor 5 bottom of movable plate 1 through bolted connection, second motor 5's model is Y2-1, and the one end welding of second motor 5's output shaft has driving gear 6, driving gear 6 and driven gear 7 meshing, utilize second motor 5 to rotate, and provide power for the motion of wheel 3 on guide rail 2 through the cooperation of driving gear 6 and driven gear 7.
Further, there are water tank 11 and water pump 12 through bolted connection on the top outer wall of movable plate 1, the model of water pump 12 is UPA90, and be connected with inlet tube 13 between water tank 11 and the water pump 12, water in the water tank 11 can be followed inlet tube 13 and got into water pump 12, be connected with outlet pipe 14 on one side outer wall of water pump 12, outlet pipe 14 adopts stainless steel corrugated pipe, and the size is enough long, the one end that water pump 12 was kept away from to outlet pipe 14 is connected with atomizer 15, water in the water pump 12 extraction water tank 11, get into atomizer 15 through outlet pipe 14 to water after the pressurization again, atomizer 15 water sprays out and goes to reach the dust fall effect.
Further, be provided with water filling port 16 on the top outer wall of water tank 11, water filling port 16 is the entry that water tank 11 added, and water filling port 16 is inside to be provided with the filter screen, can filter the impurity of aquatic.
Further, the top of the moving block 17 is rotatably connected with a rotating body 19 through a shaft, and the bottom of the spraying device 15 is connected with the rotating body 19 through a bolt, so that the spraying device 15 can change the spraying angle along with the rotating body 19.
Furthermore, a plurality of grooves 21 are formed in the outer wall of one side of the rotating body 19, a spring piece 22 with a protrusion is welded on the outer wall of the top of the moving block 17, the protrusion of the spring piece 22 is located inside the groove 21, and the matching of the spring piece 22 and the groove 21 can fix the spraying angle of the spraying device 15.
By adopting the guide rail 2, the second motor 5 and the wheels 3 which are arranged, the second motor 5 drives the wheels 3 to move on the guide rail 2, so that the spraying device 15 sprays water mist according to the progress of the project, therefore, the effect of accurate dust fall is realized, and through the arranged rotator 19, the groove 21 and the spring piece 22, the rotator 19 can rotate on the moving block 17, thereby changing the angle of spraying water mist of the spraying device 15, the matching of the spring piece 22 and the groove 21 can ensure that the spraying angle of the spraying device 15 is fixed, therefore, the effect of multi-angle adjustment of the spraying angle of the spraying device 15 is realized, the engineering water contains more impurities through the arranged filter screen, at water smoke spraying dust fall in-process, the impurity of aquatic causes atomizer 15 to block up very easily, influences the dust fall effect, so use the filter screen, can prevent effectively that atomizer 15 from blockking up.
In the following, some preferred embodiments or application examples are listed to help those skilled in the art to better understand the technical content of the present invention and the technical contribution of the present invention to the prior art:
example 1
A dust falling device for civil engineering comprises a movable plate 1, two support plates 10 are welded on the outer wall of the top of the movable plate 1, the two sides of the support plates 10, which are positioned on one side of the movable plate 1, are welded in parallel, a lead screw 9 is connected between the two support plates 10 through a bearing, the left end of the lead screw 9 penetrates through the support plates 10, a moving block 17 is connected on the outer wall of the lead screw 9 through threads, the moving block 17 is connected with the lead screw 9 through threads, the rotation of the lead screw 9 can be converted into the linear motion of the moving block 17, a spraying device 15 is arranged on the top of the moving block 17, water mist spraying is carried out by utilizing the reciprocating motion of the spraying device 15 on the lead screw 9, the uniform spraying effect is realized, the good dust falling purpose is achieved, a chute 20 is formed on the outer wall of the top of the movable plate 1, two ends of the chute 20, when the screw rod 19 rotates, the moving block 17 can be prevented from rotating under the action of the sliding groove 20 and the sliding block 18, the first motor 8 is connected to the outer wall of one side of one of the support plates 10 through a bolt, the type of the first motor 8 is PLX, a forward and reverse rotation program is arranged in the first motor 8, periodic motion of forward rotation and reverse rotation can be achieved within a specified time without manual operation, an output shaft of the first motor 8 is connected with the screw rod 9 through a flat key, and the first motor 8 is used for providing power for rotation of the screw rod 9.
Wherein the bottom of the moving plate 1 is connected with two rotating shafts 4 through bearings, the two rotating shafts 4 are arranged in parallel, two ends of each rotating shaft 4 are welded with wheels 3, each wheel 3 is a unilateral guide rail wheel, the bottom of each wheel 3 is provided with two guide rails 2, the guide rails 2 are laid on two sides of a region needing construction, so that the wheels 3 can move along the guide rails 2, the outer wall of one rotating shaft 4 is welded with a driven gear 7, the bottom of the moving plate 1 is connected with a second motor 5 through bolts, the model of the second motor 5 is Y2-1, one end of the output shaft of the second motor 5 is welded with a driving gear 6, the driving gear 6 is meshed with the driven gear 7, the second motor 5 is utilized to rotate, power is provided for the movement of the wheels 3 on the guide rails 2 through the matching of the driving gear 6 and the driven gear 7, the outer wall of the top of the moving plate, the model of the water pump 12 is UPA90, a water inlet pipe 13 is connected between the water tank 11 and the water pump 12, water in the water tank 11 can enter the water pump 12 from the water inlet pipe 13, a water outlet pipe 14 is connected on the outer wall of one side of the water pump 12, the water outlet pipe 14 adopts a stainless steel corrugated pipe and is long enough, one end of the water outlet pipe 14 far away from the water pump 12 is connected with a spraying device 15, the water pump 12 pumps the water in the water tank 11, the water enters the spraying device 15 through the water outlet pipe 14 after pressurization, the spraying device 15 sprays the water to achieve the dust fall effect, a water filling port 16 is arranged on the outer wall of the top of the water tank 11, the water filling port 16 is an inlet for adding water to the water tank 11, a filter screen is arranged inside the water filling port 16 and can filter impurities in the water, the top of the moving block 17 is rotatably connected with a rotating body 19 through a shaft, a plurality of grooves 21 are formed in the outer wall of one side of the rotating body 19, a spring piece 22 with a protrusion is welded on the outer wall of the top of the moving block 17, the protrusion of the spring piece 22 is located inside the groove 21, and the matching of the spring piece 22 and the groove 21 can enable the spraying angle of the spraying device 15 to be fixed.
The working principle is as follows: when the device is used, workers lay the guide rails 2 along two sides of a road excavation area, the dust falling device is erected on the guide rails 2, the water tank 11 is filled with water from the water filling port 16, the power supply of the first motor 8, the second motor 5 and the water pump 12 is switched on, at the moment, the first motor 8 and the second motor 5 start to rotate, the water pump 12 starts to pump water, the water in the water tank 11 is pumped by the water pump 12 from the water inlet pipe 13, the water enters the spraying device 15 from the water outlet pipe 14 after being pressurized, the spraying device 15 sprays water mist, the dust falling is carried out on the excavation construction area, the driving gear 6 is driven to rotate when the second motor 5 rotates, the driven gear 7 drives the rotating shaft 4 to rotate through the meshing of the driving gear 6 and the driven gear 7, so that the wheels 3 drive the whole device to advance along the guide rails 2 along with the construction progress, when the, the screw rod 9 is driven to rotate, the moving block 17 in threaded connection with the screw rod 9 moves towards one side of the screw rod 9, when the moving block 17 moves towards one side, the sliding block 18 and the sliding groove 20 can limit the moving block 17 to rotate, when the moving block 17 moves to one end of the screw rod 9, the first motor 8 is reversed through an internal program, the moving block 17 moves towards the other side, the spraying device 15 connected with the moving block 17 is made to reciprocate in the way, uniform water mist spraying is conducted, and a good dust settling effect is achieved.
The above, only be the concrete implementation of the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art is in the technical scope of the present invention, according to the technical solution of the present invention and the utility model, the concept of which is equivalent to replace or change, should be covered within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The dust falling device for civil engineering comprises a movable plate (1) and is characterized in that two support plates (10) are welded on the outer wall of the top of the movable plate (1), a lead screw (9) is connected between the two support plates (10) through a bearing, a moving block (17) is connected to the outer wall of the lead screw (9) through threads, a spraying device (15) is arranged at the top of the moving block (17), a sliding groove (20) is formed in the outer wall of the top of the movable plate (1), a sliding block (18) is connected in the sliding groove (20), the top of the sliding block (18) is welded with the moving block (17), one of the support plates (10) is connected with a first motor (8) through a bolt, and an output shaft of the first motor (8) is connected with the lead screw (9) through a flat key.
2. The dust falling device for civil engineering according to claim 1, characterized in that the bottom of the moving plate (1) is connected with two rotating shafts (4) through bearings, wheels (3) are welded at both ends of the two rotating shafts (4), two guide rails (2) are arranged at the bottom of the wheels (3), a driven gear (7) is welded on the outer wall of one rotating shaft (4), the bottom of the moving plate (1) is connected with a second motor (5) through bolts, a driving gear (6) is welded at one end of the output shaft of the second motor (5), and the driving gear (6) is meshed with the driven gear (7).
3. The dust falling device for civil engineering according to claim 1, characterized in that a water tank (11) and a water pump (12) are connected to the outer wall of the top of the movable plate (1) through bolts, a water inlet pipe (13) is connected between the water tank (11) and the water pump (12), a water outlet pipe (14) is connected to the outer wall of one side of the water pump (12), and one end of the water outlet pipe (14) far away from the water pump (12) is connected with a spraying device (15).
4. The dust falling device for the civil engineering as claimed in claim 3, characterized in that a water filling port (16) is arranged on the outer wall of the top of the water tank (11), and a filter screen is arranged inside the water filling port (16).
5. A dust-settling device for civil engineering as claimed in claim 1, characterised in that the top of the moving block (17) is connected with a rotating body (19) through a shaft in a rotating way, and the bottom of the spraying device (15) is connected with the rotating body (19) through a bolt.
6. A dust falling device for civil engineering according to claim 5, characterized in that the rotor (19) has a plurality of grooves (21) on one side of the outer wall, the moving block (17) has a spring plate (22) with protrusions welded on the top outer wall, and the protrusions of the spring plate (22) are located inside the grooves (21).
CN202020171655.6U 2020-02-15 2020-02-15 Dust device for civil engineering Active CN211836951U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020171655.6U CN211836951U (en) 2020-02-15 2020-02-15 Dust device for civil engineering

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020171655.6U CN211836951U (en) 2020-02-15 2020-02-15 Dust device for civil engineering

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CN211836951U true CN211836951U (en) 2020-11-03

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112301935A (en) * 2020-11-25 2021-02-02 毛慧杰 Engineering road construction is with full-automatic extensive watering device in construction road surface
CN112843940A (en) * 2021-01-04 2021-05-28 汶上义桥煤矿有限责任公司 Coal preparation factory colliery is carried and is used spraying dust fall equipment
CN113073596A (en) * 2021-03-29 2021-07-06 四川宇硕建筑工程集团有限公司 Municipal asphalt concrete road and construction method
CN113231433A (en) * 2021-04-01 2021-08-10 郑州工业应用技术学院 Dust device for civil engineering

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112301935A (en) * 2020-11-25 2021-02-02 毛慧杰 Engineering road construction is with full-automatic extensive watering device in construction road surface
CN112843940A (en) * 2021-01-04 2021-05-28 汶上义桥煤矿有限责任公司 Coal preparation factory colliery is carried and is used spraying dust fall equipment
CN113073596A (en) * 2021-03-29 2021-07-06 四川宇硕建筑工程集团有限公司 Municipal asphalt concrete road and construction method
CN113231433A (en) * 2021-04-01 2021-08-10 郑州工业应用技术学院 Dust device for civil engineering
CN113231433B (en) * 2021-04-01 2022-04-12 郑州工业应用技术学院 Dust device for civil engineering

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