CN211832397U - Chinese bee breeding device - Google Patents

Chinese bee breeding device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN211832397U
CN211832397U CN201922236865.9U CN201922236865U CN211832397U CN 211832397 U CN211832397 U CN 211832397U CN 201922236865 U CN201922236865 U CN 201922236865U CN 211832397 U CN211832397 U CN 211832397U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
support frame
honeycomb support
honeycomb
frame
beehive
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201922236865.9U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
迟万胜
Original Assignee
迟万胜
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 迟万胜 filed Critical 迟万胜
Priority to CN201922236865.9U priority Critical patent/CN211832397U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN211832397U publication Critical patent/CN211832397U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model relates to a honeybee cultivation technology field, specific can effectively improve the managerial efficiency, reduce the plant diseases and insect pests and take place, promote the chinese bee breeding device of honey quality, the main part of its characterized in that movable honeycomb support frame is U style of calligraphy, the main part of honeycomb support frame is equipped with tubulose crossbeam and two side support bars, the upper end of two side support bars is connected with the both ends of tubulose crossbeam respectively, the tubulose crossbeam has cavity lumen and both ends opening, set up the recess of symmetry each other on the beehive lateral wall, both ends erect respectively on the recess after the frame post passes the tubulose crossbeam, erect movable honeycomb support frame in the beehive.

Description

Chinese bee breeding device
The technical field is as follows:
the utility model relates to a honeybee breeding technology field, specific chinese bee breeding device that can effectively improve the managerial efficiency, reduce the plant diseases and insect pests and take place, promote the honey quality that says so.
Background art:
chinese honeybees are native bee species in China and have been bred artificially for thousands of years. At present, Chinese bees are bred by two breeding methods, namely soil breeding and live breeding. Since the artificial breeding of Chinese bees, most beekeepers are raised by a wild-imitating soil method, which is characterized in that bee colonies are introduced into various artificially made honeycombs, which are made of different materials and standards according to different regions, including hollowed tree sections, bee barrels and beehives made of wood boards, earthen barrels, barrels woven by bamboo strips and willow strips, and even soil holes and stone holes. Swarms were freely splenomed in these hives, self-managed, and showed little difference from the survival pattern of wild bees. Firstly, because the honeycomb is directly fixed on the honeycomb, great inconvenience is brought to people for managing the bee colony, and the bee colony can not be visually and conveniently checked, changed and distributed. Secondly, when taking honey, the bees must be driven away by methods of spraying smoke, vibrating the honeycomb and the like, which wastes time and labor, and the bee colony is easy to generate stress and operate improperly, and the bee colony is easy to escape, and the bee colony in a bee field can be stolen. Thirdly, the management method is extensive, and the honey yield of a single group is low. And fourthly, the honey is taken mostly by blind cutting, the honey, the water honey and the pollen are easily mixed after being covered, and the stained bees are easily brought in, so that the quality of the honey is influenced. Fifthly, the bee injury is serious by traditional honey cutting.
In order to improve the defects of the soil-method bee-keeping, since the twenties of the last century, a batch of scientific researchers and beekeepers in China begin to imitate the western bee live-frame breeding method, test live-frame breeding of Chinese bees is carried out, and a series of matched frames and boxes are developed. The movable frame for breeding Chinese bees has the advantages that the honeycomb is movable, so that bee colony inspection, queen change, bee separation and honey taking are convenient, and the honey extractor and other machines are matched for use, so that the labor productivity is greatly improved, and the rapid development of the Chinese bee breeding industry is powerfully promoted. However, the live-frame breeding of the Chinese bees has some problems, namely, the Chinese bees belong to semi-wild bee species, the domestication degree is low, and management means frequently applied in the live-frame breeding method, such as box opening and spleen lifting inspection, bee shaking and honey shaking, are easy to leave the bees, and the bees can be recovered after leaving the bees for a long time; bee broods needing to be fed more than 1700 times every day can reduce the physique of the bee broods due to the loss of bee colony feeding, and can seriously induce the occurrence of the larvae disease. And secondly, the Chinese bees have the habit of preferring new spleens to dislike old spleens, the Chinese bees are raised in a living frame, the freedom of self-splenic creation of bee colonies is completely deprived, the time limit is very strong when the spleens are added or reduced manually, the time is increased early, the number of the spleens is more than that of the bees, the bee colonies are easily disturbed by pests and diseases, and the time is increased late, and the splenic embellishment is easily generated. In the live frame honeycomb, honey, powder and seeds often coexist, and the old spleen is not convenient to eliminate. Thirdly, the live frame honey taking can be carried out only after the bees are taken off, the operation is troublesome, the labor intensity is high, and the bee colony is easily stolen if the field honey taking is not operated properly. Fourthly, the honey taking period of the live frame honey is short, the live frame honey is easy to be confused with western live frame honey, consumers do not know the live frame honey well, and the honey value is low.
The invention content is as follows:
the utility model discloses to the shortcoming that exists among the prior art and not enough, provide one kind and can effectively improve the management efficiency, reduce the chinese bee breeding device that the plant diseases and insect pests take place.
The utility model discloses a following measure reaches:
the utility model provides a chinese bee breeding device, be equipped with beehive and movable honeycomb support frame, its characterized in that movable honeycomb support frame's main part is the U word form, honeycomb support frame's main part is equipped with tubulose crossbeam and two side support bars, the upper end of two side support bars is connected with the both ends of tubulose crossbeam respectively, the tubulose crossbeam has cavity lumen and both ends opening, set up the recess of symmetry each other on the beehive lateral wall, hold frame post both ends after passing tubulose crossbeam and erect respectively on the recess, erect movable honeycomb support frame in the beehive.
The lower extreme of two side bracing pieces of movable honeycomb support frame has the hook portion of buckling towards movable honeycomb support frame center for accomplish the cascade of a plurality of movable honeycomb support frames.
Movable honeycomb support frame tubulose crossbeam adopts cylindrical lumen, and further like the characteristic of building the honeycomb in the bottom in order to adapt to the chinese bee, the tubulose crossbeam adopts body outer wall lower edge to have the mechanical tubes along the outward flange that body length direction extended, is the mechanical tubes of spindle form or olive form like mechanical tubes etc. of drop form, cross-section of invering like the cross-section.
The tubular crossbeam of honeycomb support frame adopts metal, plastics or bamboo wood to make, and the non-wooden material is preferably adopted to the side bracing piece to isolated wax moth larva goes up the spleen, reduces the plant diseases and insect pests.
The tubular beam of the utility model has a length range of 20-47cm, an outer diameter range of 5-33mm and a side support rod height range of 5-20cm, and adopts a flat belt shape or a cylindrical rod body.
The utility model discloses when using, utilize above-mentioned breeding device, carry out following content: a multi-stage honeycomb support system is arranged, at least two honeycomb support frames are selected according to requirements, and the lower ends of the side support rods in the upper honeycomb support frame are hooked at the two ends of the tubular cross beam of the lower honeycomb support frame to complete cascade connection; erecting the obtained multi-stage honeycomb support system in a beehive frame-bearing groove after a thin rod-shaped frame-bearing column made of metal, plastic, inorganic synthetic material or bamboo wood penetrates through the tube cavity of the uppermost tubular cross beam according to the nest spacing of 3cm-3.5cm, and completing the erection of the multi-stage honeycomb support system; freely building a honeycomb by the Chinese bees; the lower edge of the tubular cross beam in the honeycomb support frame is designed into a circular shape or an inverted triangle shape, so that the honeycomb support frame accords with the characteristic that Chinese bees like to build the honeycomb at the bottom end, and can guide bee colonies to build the honeycomb orderly along the lower edge of the circular tube or the inverted triangle; the self-management ability of the bee colony can be fully exerted, and the spleen can be freely built according to the requirements of the bee colony; when a bee colony needs to be checked, a queen bee needs to be changed and a bee needs to be separated, the multi-stage honeycomb support system is lifted, a bearing frame column is inserted into a tubular cross beam tube cavity of a honeycomb support frame corresponding to the current position at a position to be separated and then erected on a bearing frame groove, the honeycomb is exposed on a beehive independently at the moment, the bee is driven away by using a blowing or bee sweeping method, a honey cutting tool is used for separating the connecting part of the honeycomb and a new top frame beam, and the honeycomb is taken down and boxed; and a new honeycomb support frame is connected to the bottom of the multi-stage honeycomb support system after the honey is cut, so that a complete honeycomb circulating system is formed.
The utility model provides a multi-stage honeycomb support system which can reduce interference to bee broods as much as possible when taking honey according to the characteristic that Chinese bees like to store honey above the powder and the brood, realizes the separation of honey powder and honey seeds, can obtain pure sealed mature honey powder, and improves the quality of honey; in addition, when the honey is taken every time, the bees are not driven away from the bee larva comb for a long time, so that the temperature of the bee larva is effectively avoided; in addition, the old nests are taken away at the same time of taking honey each time, the habit that Chinese bees like to dislike new spleens and abandon old spleens is conformed, the goal that the new spleens are tightened while the old nests are removed is achieved, the aim that the swarms are dense is fulfilled, the occurrence of pest and disease damage of the swarms can be reduced, the pollution of chemical medicines to bee products is avoided, and the organic production is realized.
The utility model has no operation of shaking bees and fiercely driving bees in the whole management process, so that the bee colony is not easy to generate stress, the diseases are reduced, and the flying escape is also reduced; because the multi-stage honeycomb supporting system provided by the utility model combines a plurality of small honeycomb supporting frames into a honeycomb supporting system, the honeycomb supporting frame is decomposed into a small honeycomb which can be conveniently arranged in a matched horizontal beehive, so that the universal and interchange of vertical and horizontal beehives can be realized, the small honeycombs can also be used for forming a mating group, and the queen bee breeding can be easier; the honey comb can be transported to a residence or a sale terminal to filter honey after being put out, the honey taking process is more sanitary and more visual, and consumers can feel more relieved and prefer to buy the honey comb.
Description of the drawings:
fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention, wherein fig. 1(a) is a longitudinal sectional view of a beehive, and fig. 1(b) is a top view of a multi-stage honeycomb support system in the beehive.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of the middle nest spleen support frame of the utility model.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of the multi-stage honeycomb support system of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the middle tubular beam of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is another schematic cross-sectional view of the tubular beam of the present invention.
Reference numerals: beehive 1, honeycomb support frame 2, tubulose crossbeam 3, side bracing piece 4, recess 5, hold frame post 6, hook 7, cylindrical pipe lumen cross-section 8, mechanical tubes lumen cross-section 9.
The specific implementation mode is as follows:
the present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
As shown in attached figure 1 and attached figure 2, the utility model provides a chinese bee breeding device, be equipped with beehive 1 and movable honeycomb support frame 2, the main part of its characterized in that movable honeycomb support frame 2 is the U style of calligraphy form, honeycomb support frame 2's main part is equipped with tubulose crossbeam 3 and two side support rods 4, the upper end of two side support rods 4 is connected with tubulose crossbeam 3's both ends respectively, tubulose crossbeam 3 has cavity lumen and both ends opening, set up the recess 5 of symmetry each other on the beehive 1 lateral wall, hold the framed post 6 and pass behind the tubulose crossbeam 3 both ends and erect respectively on recess 5, erect movable honeycomb support frame 2 in beehive 1.
The lower extreme of two side bracing pieces 4 of movable honeycomb support frame 2 has the hook portion 7 of buckling towards movable honeycomb support frame 2 center for accomplish the cascade of a plurality of movable honeycomb support frames 2.
Movable honeycomb support frame tubulose crossbeam 3 adopts cylindrical lumen, and further like the characteristic of building the honeycomb in the bottom in order to adapt to chinese bee, the tubulose crossbeam adopts body outer wall lower edge to have the mechanical tubes along the outward flange that body length direction extended, is the mechanical tubes etc. that spindle form or olive form like mechanical tubes, cross-section are the drop form of inversion like the cross-section.
The tubular crossbeam of honeycomb support frame 2 adopts metal, plastics or bamboo wood to make, and the non-wooden material is preferably adopted to the side bracing piece to isolated wax moth larva goes up the spleen, reduces the plant diseases and insect pests.
The tubular beam 3 of the utility model has a length range of 20-47cm, an outer diameter range of 5-33mm and a side support rod height range of 5-20cm, and adopts a flat belt shape or a cylindrical rod body.
Example 1:
as shown in fig. 1, the present embodiment provides a multi-stage honeycomb support system, wherein three honeycomb supports 2 which are longitudinally cascaded with each other are arranged in a beehive 1, a tubular beam 3 of the uppermost honeycomb support 1 is supported in the beehive 1 through a frame-bearing column 6, and a frame-bearing groove (hook groove 5) for erecting a strip-shaped support frame column 6 is correspondingly arranged at the inner side of the beehive 1; the top and the bottom of the beehive 1 are respectively provided with a movable box cover and a movable bottom plate, and the tubular beam 3 of the honeycomb support frame adopts a stainless steel tube with the diameter of 20 mm (the section is shown in figure 4), and the length is 300 mm; the side support rods are made of No. 12 stainless steel wires, the upper ends of the side support rods are directly welded on the lower sides of two ends of a stainless steel pipe of the tubular cross beam 3, the lower ends of the side support rods are bent inwards by one centimeter to form hook parts 7, the height of the bent hook parts is 50-200mm, the side support rods are connected by 3 support frame monomers, and two stainless steel hooks in the upper group are clamped in stainless steel cross beam pipes in the lower group to form a complete honeycomb support system.
When in use, the honeycomb support system uses No. 8 iron wires with the length of 350mm as frame bearing columns according to the nest spacing of 330 mm, penetrates through the round tube of the uppermost tubular cross beam 3 and is arranged in the frame bearing groove of the beehive; the lower edge of the tubular cross beam 3 is designed to be circular, so that the characteristic that Chinese bees like to build the spleen at the bottom end is met, and the bee colony can be guided to build the spleen regularly along the lower edge of the circular tube; because the frame bearing columns are also circular, the honeycomb support system can be ensured to be always vertical to the ground, so that the bee colony can be made into a neat honeycomb; the multi-stage honeycomb support system is arranged at one time, can fully exert the self-management capability of the bee colony, and can freely build the honeycomb according to the requirements of the bee colony. By using the method, the influence of excessive manual intervention on the bee colony can be reduced, and the stability of the nest temperature is facilitated; when the bee colony needs to be checked, the queen change, the bee separation and the honey taking are needed, the honeycomb support system can be put forward to operate.
Because the mode of connecting 3 sections of honeycomb support frames is adopted, the pure honey comb with a complete sealing cover can be more easily obtained, and the quality of honey is improved. When taking honey, lifting a honeycomb supporting system, inserting a frame bearing column into the inner cavity of the stainless steel pipe of the upper frame beam at the position to be separated, fixing the frame bearing column on a frame bearing groove, exposing the honey comb on the honeycomb box independently, driving away bees by using a blowing or bee sweeping method, separating the honey comb from the joint of the new top frame beam by using a honey cutting tool, and taking down the honey comb for boxing. Then a new honeycomb supporting frame is connected to the bottom of the supporting system after the honey is cut, so that a complete honeycomb circulating system is formed.
In the embodiment, a nest door is arranged at a position 250 mm away from the bottom of the beehive body on one side of the beehive body; the beehive has a length, width and height inner diameter of 330X330X530mm, and can be internally provided with ten groups of honeycomb supporting systems, and semicircular frame bearing grooves are arranged on a hive plate with a hive door and an opposite hive plate at equal intervals of 33 mm.
Example 2:
the embodiment provides a multi-stage honeycomb support system, wherein three honeycomb support frames 2 which are longitudinally cascaded with each other are arranged in a beehive 1, a tubular beam 3 of the uppermost honeycomb support frame 1 is arranged in the beehive 1 through a frame bearing column 6 support frame, and a frame bearing groove (a hook groove 5) for erecting a strip-shaped support frame column 6 is correspondingly arranged on the inner side of the beehive 1; the top and the bottom of the beehive 1 are respectively provided with a movable box cover and a movable bottom plate, the tubular beam 3 of the honeycomb support frame adopts a special pipe with an outer flange extending along the length direction of the pipe body at the lower edge of the outer wall of the pipe body, and the special pipe with an inverted water drop-shaped section is adopted in the embodiment shown in the attached figure 5.
By adopting the tubular cross beam 3 in the embodiment, the convex bottom end can be provided for the Chinese bee to build the honeycomb more easily, and the bee colony can be guided to build the honeycomb orderly along the convex lower edge of the special pipe; the honeycomb support system is guaranteed to be perpendicular to the ground all the time, so that the bee colony can make regular honeycombs.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model, have following advantage: (1) by adopting the disposable preset honeycomb support system, the labor intensity of beehives managed by beekeepers is greatly reduced while the situation that Chinese bees like to build new combs is complied with, the management efficiency is improved, and the large-scale operation is more suitable; (2) the design of the multi-honeycomb support frame system realizes the separation of honey powder and honey seeds, can obtain pure sealed mature honey spleen, and improves the quality of honey; (3) the old nests are taken away at the same time of taking honey each time, the goal of tightening the spleen and enabling the bee colony to be dense while removing the old nests is achieved, the occurrence of diseases and insect pests of the bee colony can be reduced, the pollution of chemical medicines to bee products is avoided, and the organic production is realized; (4) because the method has no operations of shaking bees and violently driving bees in the whole management process, bee colonies are not easy to generate stress, diseases are reduced, and flight escape is also reduced; (5) the method combines a plurality of small honeycomb support frames into a honeycomb support system, decomposes the honeycomb support frame into a small honeycomb, can be conveniently placed in a matched horizontal beehive, and realizes the universality and interchange of vertical and horizontal beehives; the small nests can also be used for forming a mating group, so that the queen breeding is easier; (6) the honey comb can be transported to a residence or a sale terminal to filter honey after being put out, the honey taking process is more sanitary and more visual, and consumers can feel more relieved and prefer to buy honey.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a chinese bee breeding device, be equipped with beehive and movable honeycomb support frame, its characterized in that movable honeycomb support frame's main part is the U word form, honeycomb support frame's main part is equipped with tubulose crossbeam and two side support bars, the upper end of two side support bars is connected with the both ends of tubulose crossbeam respectively, the tubulose crossbeam has cavity lumen and both ends opening, set up the recess of symmetry each other on the beehive lateral wall, hold frame post both ends after passing tubulose crossbeam and erect respectively on the recess, erect movable honeycomb support frame in the beehive.
2. The bee breeding apparatus of claim 1, wherein the lower ends of the two side support bars of the movable honeycomb support frame have hooks bent toward the center of the movable honeycomb support frame.
3. The apis mellifera culture device of claim 1, wherein said movable honeycomb support frame tubular beams are cylindrical tubes.
4. The apis mellifera culture device of claim 1, wherein the tubular cross member is a special-shaped tube having an outer flange extending along the length direction of the tube body at the lower edge of the outer wall of the tube body.
5. The apis cerana culturing device of claim 1, wherein the tubular beams of the honeycomb support frame are made of metal, plastic or bamboo, and the side support rods are made of non-wood materials to isolate the upper spleen of the larvae of the galleria mellonella to reduce plant diseases and insect pests.
6. The apis mellifera culture device of claim 1, wherein the tubular beam has a length ranging from 20 to 47cm, an outer diameter ranging from 5 to 33mm, and a side support rod height ranging from 5 to 20cm, and is a flat band-shaped or cylindrical rod body.
CN201922236865.9U 2019-12-13 2019-12-13 Chinese bee breeding device Active CN211832397U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922236865.9U CN211832397U (en) 2019-12-13 2019-12-13 Chinese bee breeding device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922236865.9U CN211832397U (en) 2019-12-13 2019-12-13 Chinese bee breeding device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211832397U true CN211832397U (en) 2020-11-03

Family

ID=73215692

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201922236865.9U Active CN211832397U (en) 2019-12-13 2019-12-13 Chinese bee breeding device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211832397U (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN203538100U (en) Combination beehive
JP4260569B2 (en) Paper beehive for bees for pollination
CN104255662A (en) Method for quickly breeding bees
CN101849529A (en) Method for breeding high-quality anti-mite bee variety
CN202958445U (en) Cylindrical apis cerana hive with hemispherical bottom
CN104521806B (en) Culturing method of bee colony with 45-day pollination ability, and pollination bee colony culturing device
US20190075762A1 (en) Breeding comb for solitaire bees
CN211832397U (en) Chinese bee breeding device
JP2003199461A (en) Method for breeding bumblebee
CN110786270A (en) Chinese bee breeding device and method
US4628558A (en) Bee nesting box
CN106172086A (en) A kind of beehive and the method for breeding of middle honeybee
JPH07289119A (en) Method for raising bombus terrestris
CN103734036A (en) Combined type beehive and use method thereof
CN103975904B (en) Indoor stereo assembled vermiculture equipment
CN205694986U (en) A kind of beehive
CN212087625U (en) Novel split type honey honeycomb frame
JP2007006902A (en) Method for breeding bumblebee
KR102376551B1 (en) Rotary Honey Extractor for Improvement Honey Comb of Natura Bee and Method of Beekeeping using Thereof
RU2260275C1 (en) Bee family keeping method
KR102376550B1 (en) Rotary honey extractor for improvement honey comb of natura bee using supporting rod
CN214047031U (en) Fence device for livestock breeding
CN211210988U (en) Split type frame of bee breeding case
CN212787041U (en) Be used for honeybee to breed box
CN214339421U (en) Take fixed establishment's beehive group

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant