CN211773292U - Retaining wall for hydraulic engineering - Google Patents

Retaining wall for hydraulic engineering Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211773292U
CN211773292U CN201921515737.1U CN201921515737U CN211773292U CN 211773292 U CN211773292 U CN 211773292U CN 201921515737 U CN201921515737 U CN 201921515737U CN 211773292 U CN211773292 U CN 211773292U
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layer
drain pipe
retaining
reinforced concrete
hydraulic engineering
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CN201921515737.1U
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张鹏飞
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张鹏飞
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a retaining wall for hydraulic engineering, including base, shear force wall, rock layer, reinforced concrete layer, first branch drain pipe and second branch drain pipe, first branch drain pipe distributes inside the rock layer, and the distribution of rock layer upper portion has the waterproof layer, and waterproof layer upper portion distributes in proper order has fine gravel layer, coarse gravel layer, goose cobble layer, infiltration fragment of brick, and reinforced concrete layer right side is provided with the metalling, and the right side fluting is provided with the flowers layer, the utility model discloses spread two kinds of gravel and sand of thickness and cobble at the drain pipe mouth to install the filter screen, prevent the pipeline jam; in addition, a conical waterproof layer is arranged, so that the drainage efficiency is greatly improved; the utility model discloses the outside is provided with the rapid trough, can go deep into the ground through the rag bolt of the I-steel bolt and bottom on its shear force wall, prevents effectively that the retaining wall from producing because of pressure is too big and removing, can plant flowers, and is very pleasing to the eye.

Description

Retaining wall for hydraulic engineering
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a hydraulic engineering field especially relates to a retaining wall for hydraulic engineering.
Background
The retaining wall is the building that prevents and prevents the soil body and collapse, by wide application in the hydraulic engineering field, though the investment proportion is not big in the engineering, but the retaining wall accident can influence the safety of engineering main part, consequently will enough pay attention to in the design, the retaining wall is used for strengthening the soil slope or the rockslope, prevent that soil slope or rockslope from taking place to collapse, fall down and the landing of soil block or stone, stabilize the side slope and avoid taking place the landslide phenomenon, in order to protect the safety of near passerby and near building of passing through, the hydraulic engineering retaining wall has simple structure, take up an area of less, construction convenience and cost etc. a great deal of advantage. Present hydraulic engineering retaining wall not only extensively used in the highway, city construction, still be applied to dam construction simultaneously, the riverbed renovation, port engineering, soil and water conservation, mountain region planning, prevention and cure fields such as mountain landslide, along with the human constantly transformation to hydraulic engineering retaining wall, the water conservancy drainage has become the essential part in the hydraulic engineering retaining wall, general hydraulic engineering retaining wall drainage structures drainage function is not good, can not filter the water of infiltration, and the stability of retaining wall is not good and the structure is insecure, the rainwater leads to the fact the loss of earth and the problem of side slope landslide easily to the washing away of earth, very easily the accident takes place, so provide a retaining wall for hydraulic engineering.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
For solving the problem that above-mentioned background art exists, the utility model provides a retaining wall for hydraulic engineering.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme: the utility model provides a retaining wall for hydraulic engineering, includes base, shear force wall, rock layer, reinforced concrete layer, first drain pipe and second drain pipe, and first drain pipe distributes inside the rock layer, and rock layer upper portion distributes has the waterproof layer, and waterproof layer upper portion distributes in proper order has filter screen, fine gravel layer, coarse gravel layer, goose cobble layer, infiltration fragment of brick, and reinforced concrete layer right side is provided with the metalling, and the fluting of gravel layer right side is provided with flowers layer.
Preferably, the bottom of the first branch drain pipe is communicated with the water storage tank, and the first branch drain pipe on the right side of the water storage tank is communicated with the left side of the drainage ditch.
Preferably, the shear wall is distributed with I-shaped steel bolts, and the interval of the I-shaped steel bolts is 40cm and is uniformly distributed.
Preferably, the bottom of the reinforced concrete layer is provided with a first reinforced concrete support and a second reinforced concrete support, reinforcing ribs are distributed in the reinforced concrete layer, and the reinforcing ribs are uniformly distributed at intervals of 30 cm.
Preferably, the foundation bolts are distributed on the bottom of the base, and the interval between every two adjacent foundation bolts is 50cm and is evenly distributed.
Preferably, the torrent groove is evenly distributed on the rubble layer, and the torrent groove bottom is linked together with a second branch drain pipe, and a second branch drain pipe bottom is linked together with a first branch drain pipe.
Preferably, the waterproof layer is in the shape of a conical funnel, the waterproof layer is made of asphalt waterproof materials, and the filter screen is arranged at the discharge spout of the conical funnel.
Has the advantages that:
1. the utility model discloses a rock stratum is provided with drainage facility, prevents to cause water pressure too big to cause the wall body to collapse because ponding is too much, has improved the stability of the utility model greatly, the utility model discloses spread two kinds of gravel and sand and cobblestone of thickness at the drainage mouth of pipe to install the filter screen, prevent that the pipeline from blocking; in addition, a conical waterproof layer is arranged, so that the drainage efficiency is greatly improved.
2. The utility model discloses the outside is provided with the guiding gutter, makes it can derive the remaining ponding on the slope fast, can prevent because of ponding soak the slope that the slope leads to collapse, disease such as landslide and mud-rock flow, and the rapid trough is often built on the inclined road to be used for the drainage and reach the purpose that slows down velocity of water, and can plant flowers, very pleasing to the eye.
3. The utility model discloses use its ability increase tensile strength of pull ability of the rag bolt of direct processing, its anti-drawing ability reinforce, buried depth and crotch are all in order to guarantee rag bolt and basic frictional force, are unlikely to make rag bolt take place to extract the destruction.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention.
In the figure: the water seepage construction method comprises the following steps of 1 base, 2 shear walls, 3 rock layers, 4 water reservoirs, 5 first drainage pipes, 6I-shaped steel bolts, 7 filter screens, 8 fine sand stone layers, 9 coarse sand stone layers, 10 goose pebble layers, 11 water seepage bricks, 12 reinforced concrete layers, 13 reinforcing ribs, 14 first reinforced concrete pillars, 15 rapid flow grooves, 16 crushed stone layers, 17 second drainage pipes, 18 second reinforced concrete pillars, 19 flower layers, 20 drainage ditches, 21 foundation bolts and 22 waterproof layers.
Detailed Description
The technical solution in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, rather than all embodiments, and all other embodiments obtained by a person of ordinary skill in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention based on the embodiments of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1
The embodiment of the utility model provides a retaining wall for hydraulic engineering, including base 1, shear force wall 2, rock layer 3, reinforced concrete layer 12, first drain pipe 5 and second drain pipe 17, first drain pipe 5 distributes inside rock layer 3, and 3 upper portion distributions on rock layer have waterproof layer 22, and waterproof layer 22 upper portion distributes in proper order has filter screen 7, fine gravel layer 8, coarse gravel layer 9, cobblestone layer 10, infiltration fragment of brick 11, and the 12 right sides on reinforced concrete layer are provided with rubble layer 16, and 16 right sides flutings in rubble layer are provided with flowers layer 19.
Wherein: first drain pipe 5 bottom is linked together with cistern 4, and first drain pipe 5 on cistern 4 right side is linked together with the left side of escape canal 20, makes its ponding deposit tiny silt once more, reduces to arrange into escape canal 20 and causes the jam, does not reach more effective drainage function.
Wherein: i-shaped steel bolts 6 are distributed on the shear wall 2, the interval between the I-shaped steel bolts 6 is 40cm and is uniformly distributed, and no matter the I-shaped steel 6 is of a common type or a light type, the difference of the inertia moments of two main shafts on the section is large because the section size is relatively high and narrow, so that the I-shaped steel bolts can only be directly used for a member bent in a web plate plane or can form a lattice type stress member.
Wherein: the bottom of the reinforced concrete layer 12 is provided with a first reinforced concrete strut 14 and a second reinforced concrete strut 18, reinforcing ribs 13 are distributed in the reinforced concrete layer 12, and the reinforcing ribs 13 are uniformly distributed at intervals of 30cm, so that the strength and rigidity of the product are enhanced under the condition that the wall thickness of the product is not increased, the material consumption is saved, the weight is reduced, the cost is reduced, and the product distortion caused by uneven stress due to the difference of the wall thickness of the product can be overcome.
Wherein: foundation bolts 21 are distributed at the bottom of the base 1, the foundation bolts 21 are evenly distributed at intervals of 50cm, tensile strength of the foundation bolts 21 which are directly processed can be increased, tensile pulling resistance of the foundation bolts is high, and the foundation bolts 21 are not pulled out and damaged due to the fact that the foundation bolts 21 and the foundation are guaranteed to be in friction force due to burial depth and hooks.
Wherein: the rapid flow grooves 15 are uniformly distributed in the gravel layer 16, the bottoms of the rapid flow grooves 15 are communicated with the second branch drain pipe 17, the bottom of the second branch drain pipe 17 is communicated with the first branch drain pipe 5, so that residual accumulated water on a slope can be quickly led out, diseases such as slope collapse, landslide and debris flow caused by the fact that the slope is soaked by the accumulated water can be prevented, the rapid flow grooves are usually built on an inclined road, and the purposes of draining water and slowing down the water flow speed are achieved.
Wherein: waterproof layer 22's shape is conical hopper, and waterproof layer 22 is used for pitch waterproof material, and filter screen 7 is installed in conical hopper discharge spout department, makes its pitch waterproof material have good cohesiveness, water resistance and has good effect, long service life, and filter screen 7 filters impurity and arranges into the drain pipe and lead to blockking up the scheduling problem.
The working principle is as follows: when the utility model is used, when raining, rainwater is discharged into the reservoir 4 through the first branch drain pipe 5 in sequence by the water seepage brick block 11, the cobblestone layer 10, the coarse gravel layer 9, the fine gravel layer 8 and the filter screen 7 to be precipitated again, then the water is discharged into the drainage ditch 20 on the right side through the first branch drain pipe 5 communicated with the left side of the reservoir 4, the rainwater flows to the torrent groove 15 on one side too much, the torrent groove 15 flows into the first branch drain pipe 5 through the second branch drain pipe 17 on the bottom and then is discharged into the drainage ditch 20, the I-shaped steel bolts 6 are uniformly distributed on the shear wall 2, the foundation bolts 21 are distributed at the bottom of the base 1 to ensure that the soil is firmer, when raining, water flows are discharged from the torrent groove 15 on the outer side, soil landslide is easy to cause potential safety hazards due to the erosion of the rainwater, therefore, the flower layer 19 is designed, the adsorption of plants to the soil is utilized, to prevent the landslide of the side slope and the loss of soil.
The above, only be the concrete implementation of the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art is in the technical scope of the present invention, according to the technical solution of the present invention and the utility model, the concept of which is equivalent to replace or change, should be covered within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a retaining wall for hydraulic engineering, includes base (1), shear force wall (2), rock layer (3), reinforced concrete layer (12), first drain pipe (5) and second drain pipe (17), its characterized in that: first drain pipe (5) distribute inside rock layer (3), rock layer (3) upper portion distributes and has waterproof layer (22), waterproof layer (22) upper portion distributes in proper order has filter screen (7), fine gravel layer (8), coarse gravel layer (9), cobblestone layer (10), infiltration fragment of brick (11), reinforced concrete layer (12) right side is provided with rubble layer (16), the fluting of rubble layer (16) right side is provided with flowers layer (19).
2. A retaining wall for hydraulic engineering according to claim 1, characterized in that: the bottom of the first branch drain pipe (5) is communicated with the water storage tank (4), and the first branch drain pipe (5) on the right side of the water storage tank (4) is communicated with the left side of the drainage ditch (20).
3. A retaining wall for hydraulic engineering according to claim 1, characterized in that: i-shaped steel bolts (6) are distributed on the shear wall (2), and the I-shaped steel bolts (6) are uniformly distributed at intervals of 40 cm.
4. A retaining wall for hydraulic engineering according to claim 1, characterized in that: the reinforced concrete structure is characterized in that a first reinforced concrete strut (14) and a second reinforced concrete strut (18) are arranged at the bottom of the reinforced concrete layer (12), reinforcing ribs (13) are distributed in the reinforced concrete layer (12), and the reinforcing ribs (13) are uniformly distributed at intervals of 30 cm.
5. A retaining wall for hydraulic engineering according to claim 1, characterized in that: foundation bolts (21) are distributed at the bottom of the base (1), and the foundation bolts (21) are uniformly distributed at intervals of 50 cm.
6. A retaining wall for hydraulic engineering according to claim 1, characterized in that: the stone crushing layer (16) evenly distributed has rapid trough (15), and rapid trough (15) bottom and second branch drain pipe (17) are linked together, and second branch drain pipe (17) bottom and first branch drain pipe (5) are linked together.
7. A retaining wall for hydraulic engineering according to claim 1, characterized in that: the waterproof layer (22) is in the shape of a conical funnel, the waterproof layer (22) is made of asphalt waterproof materials, and the filter screen (7) is installed at the discharge spout of the conical funnel.
CN201921515737.1U 2019-09-12 2019-09-12 Retaining wall for hydraulic engineering Active CN211773292U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921515737.1U CN211773292U (en) 2019-09-12 2019-09-12 Retaining wall for hydraulic engineering

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921515737.1U CN211773292U (en) 2019-09-12 2019-09-12 Retaining wall for hydraulic engineering

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211773292U true CN211773292U (en) 2020-10-27

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921515737.1U Active CN211773292U (en) 2019-09-12 2019-09-12 Retaining wall for hydraulic engineering

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211773292U (en)

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