CN211745833U - Material equipment is mixed to mushroom culture material - Google Patents

Material equipment is mixed to mushroom culture material Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211745833U
CN211745833U CN202020275011.1U CN202020275011U CN211745833U CN 211745833 U CN211745833 U CN 211745833U CN 202020275011 U CN202020275011 U CN 202020275011U CN 211745833 U CN211745833 U CN 211745833U
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China
Prior art keywords
machine
conveyor
discharge
mixer
discharge port
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CN202020275011.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马亮
马海
褚润根
于天富
王慧娟
杨红霞
于天琴
刘文存
赵月春
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Shanxi Runxunyuan Agricultural Technology Co ltd
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Shanxi Runxunyuan Agricultural Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202020275011.1U priority Critical patent/CN211745833U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a mushroom culture material mixes material equipment, sieve material conveyor includes sieve material machine and conveyer belt, the discharge gate of sieve material machine is placed in the feed end of conveyer belt, the discharge end of conveyer belt is placed directly over the pusher, the delivery port of storage water tank and the water inlet of first mixer are linked together, the ground level department of first mixer is equipped with the weighbridge, the discharge gate of first mixer and the feed end of first conveyer are linked together, the discharge end of first conveyer is placed in the opening top of second mixer, the discharge gate of second mixer and the feed end of second conveyer are linked together, the discharge end of second conveyer is placed in the opening top of storage spreader, the bottom surface of spreader is equipped with the discharge gate pipe, the discharge gate department of discharge gate pipe is equipped with the baffle that is used for controlling to make, stop, the utility model discloses the device combination scientific and reasonable, effectual, the mushroom bag in later stage is made micropore few, of high quality, the yield is high, the mixed culture materials have small difference, save labor and have good social and economic benefits.

Description

Material equipment is mixed to mushroom culture material
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a mix material machinery, especially a material equipment is mixed to mushroom culture material.
Background
At present, most growers or enterprises in the mushroom planting industry have the disadvantages of rough and rough material mixing, and the like, and generally small growers still adopt manual material mixing, but the labor intensity of the manual material mixing is high, and the moisture, the PH value and various nutrient substances of the culture material are uneven; some fungus stick enterprises, in order to use the loader reinforced in convenience, the one-level mixer that uses is special big, the shovel material volume difference of loader at every turn is great, make the one-level mix the material difference at every turn great, thereby make the difference between follow-up fungus stick individuality great, some enterprises install sieve device in second grade mixer top in addition, the culture material moisture content that one-level mixer was mixed is big, make the power energy consumption of sieve material machine increase, there is the potential safety hazard when staff gets out branch and the cubic of sieving, mix material machine increase intensity of labour from top to bottom, consequently, how to improve to mix the material equipment is must.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
To the situation, for overcoming prior art's defect, the utility model aims to provide a material equipment is mixed to mushroom culture material can effectively solve and mix the material and take a lot of work, waste time, the big problem of the cultivation material system fungus stick difference of mixing.
In order to realize the purpose, the utility model provides a mushroom culture material mixing device, which comprises a movable sieve material conveying device, a material pushing vehicle, a conveyor, a weighbridge, a water storage tank and a material mixer, wherein the sieve material conveying device comprises a sieve material machine and a conveyor belt, a discharge port of the sieve material machine is arranged at the feed end of the conveyor belt, a discharge end of the conveyor belt is arranged right above the material pushing vehicle in an upward inclined manner, a water level line is arranged on the side surface of the water storage tank, a water outlet of the water storage tank is communicated with a water inlet of a first material mixer through a valve pipeline, the first material mixer is arranged below the ground level, the weighbridge used for weighing the material pushing vehicle is arranged at the ground level of the first material mixer, the discharge port of the first material mixer is communicated with the feed end of the first conveyor, the discharge end of the first conveyor is arranged above an opening of a second material mixer in an upward inclined manner, the discharge port of the second, the material distributing machine is characterized in that the discharging end of the second conveyor is upwards inclined and is arranged above an opening of the material storing and distributing machine, four corners of a machine body of the material storing and distributing machine are provided with vertical downward supports, the bottom surface of the material storing and distributing machine is provided with a plurality of downward discharging port pipes, a discharging port of each discharging port pipe is provided with a baffle used for controlling discharging and stopping, and the first material mixing machine, the second material mixing machine, the first conveyor, the second conveyor and the material storing and distributing machine are respectively connected with an externally arranged controller.
The utility model discloses device combination scientific and reasonable, effectual, the mushroom bag system micropore in later stage is few, of high quality, the yield is high, and the culture material difference of mixing is less, has saved the manual work, has good society and economic benefits.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The following detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention will be made with reference to the accompanying drawings.
The utility model relates to a mushroom culture material mixing device, which is provided with a movable sieve material conveying device, a material pushing trolley, a conveyor, a floor scale, a water storage tank and a material mixing machine, wherein the sieve material conveying device comprises a sieve material machine 9-1 and a conveyor belt 9-2, a discharge port of the sieve material machine 9-1 is arranged at a feed end of the conveyor belt 9-2, a discharge end of the conveyor belt 9-2 is arranged above the material pushing trolley 8 in an upward inclined manner, a water level line is arranged on the side surface of the water storage tank 1, a water outlet of the water storage tank 1 is communicated with a water inlet of a first material mixing machine 2 through a valve pipeline, the first material mixing machine 2 is arranged below a ground level 11, the ground scale 10 for weighing the material pushing trolley 8 is arranged at the ground level 11 of the first material mixing machine 2, the discharge port of the first material mixing machine 2 is communicated with the feed end of the first conveyor 3, the discharge end of the first conveyor 3 is arranged above an opening of, the discharge port of the second mixer 4 is communicated with the feed end of the second conveyor 5, the discharge end of the second conveyor is arranged above the opening of the storage spreader 6 in an upward inclined manner, the four corners of the body of the storage spreader 6 are provided with vertically downward brackets 7, the bottom surface of the storage spreader 6 is provided with a plurality of downward discharge port pipes 6-1, the discharge ports of the discharge port pipes 6-1 are provided with baffles for controlling the discharge and stop, and the first mixer 2, the second mixer 4, the first conveyor 3, the second conveyor 5 and the storage spreader 6 are respectively connected with an externally arranged controller for controlling the working state (not shown in the figure).
For guaranteeing better implementation effect, first conveyer 3 be by the motor, the chute, the scraper conveyor (prior art) that scraper blade and chain constitute, one side outside the chute of 3 discharge ends of first conveyer is adorned to the motor, the axis of rotation of motor links to each other with the sprocket shaft of discharge end, the motor drives the sprocket and rotates, the chain is equipped with on the sprocket of 3 feed ends of first conveyer and the sprocket of discharge end, the scraper blade is equipped with to the equipartition on the chain, adjacent scraper blade interval is 30cm, scraper blade speed is 1 ms, 5 structures of second conveyer are the same with 3 structures of first conveyer.
The discharge port of the first material mixer 2 is located in the middle of the outside of the body of the first material mixer 2, a main shaft is arranged in the body of the first material mixer 2, reversely symmetrical screws are arranged on the main shaft along the long direction center, the rotating speed of the main shaft is 60r/min, and the screws rotate reversely to push materials to the discharge port of the first material mixer 2.
The second mixer 4 is of an upper opening type, the discharge port is located on the lower portion of the middle outside the mixer body, the rotating speed of a main shaft in the mixer body is 10r/min, two sets of screws in opposite directions are coaxially arranged along the length direction of the main shaft, the screws close to the shaft push materials to two sides from the middle of the second mixer 4 respectively, the screws far away from the shaft push materials to the discharge port from two sides of the second mixer 4, and the main shaft and the screws of the second mixer are not shown in the figure.
The material storing and distributing machine 6 is used for spirally reciprocating type material distribution, and the rotating speed of a main shaft in the machine body is 45 r/min.
The material pushing trolley 8 is a square body with an opening at the upper part, the front end of the square body is a material discharging end, the front end of the square body is provided with a movable baffle, the rear end of the square body is a material pushing end, the rear end of the square body is provided with a handle, and the lower part of the square body is provided with wheels.
The material sieving machine 9-1 is a reciprocating type vibration material sieving machine, the vibration frequency is 80 times/min, the material sieving machine 9-1 and the conveying belt 9-2 are fixed on the same frame, and wheels convenient to move are arranged at the lower part of the material sieving machine 9-1.
The ground scale 10 is level with the ground plane 11, is positioned on the ground plane 11 of the first material mixer 2, and is used for weighing the material-loaded pusher 8.
The controller is a PLC controller (prior art, not shown in the figures).
It is to be noted that above-mentioned each part is prior art, the product of selling, the utility model discloses a contribution lies in, mixes material equipment for mushroom culture material with these known parts through the repacking of scientific design overall arrangement, effectively solves prior art's defect, satisfies the production needs.
The utility model discloses when specifically using, confirm the volume of pusher earlier, the volume of pusher is confirmed according to adding the first bran of mixing in the material machine, puts into 40kg bran in the first material machine of mixing, and the bran accounts for 18% of stirring material total weight, calculates stirring material total weight and is 222kg, and the pure dry saw-dust quantity accounts for 78% of stirring material total weight, and the surplus is other auxiliary materials, calculates the pure dry saw-dust addition and is 173.3kg, can confirm the volume of pusher.
Opening a material sieving conveyor, shoveling the wood chips onto a vibrating screen of a material sieving machine, removing branches and blocks by vibrating the vibrating screen, enabling small wood chips to enter a conveying belt and be conveyed to the inside of a material pushing trolley, adding the feeding amount of the material pushing trolley until the wood chips are level to the upper edge of the material pushing trolley, pushing the material pushing trolley filled with the wood chips onto a ground scale to weigh to obtain the weighing value of the material pushing trolley, opening a cover of a first material mixer, pouring the wood chips on the material pushing trolley into a first material mixer, adding bran and other auxiliary materials, mixing the materials with water according to a ratio of 1:1, namely the water adding amount of the first material mixer is 222Kg, the mass of 173.3Kg of pure dry wood chips and the mass of the material pushing trolley are certain, because the water content of the wood chips is different, the part of the material pushing trolley with the weighing value higher than a fixed value is the excessive water in the wood chips, namely, the excessive water in the wood chips is reduced when water is added in the later stage, if the actual water content is higher than the, using 222Kg to subtract excessive water to obtain actual water adding amount, opening a first mixer for 1-2min, dry-mixing the materials, then opening a water storage tank valve to add water, stirring for 2-3min, opening a first conveyor, conveying the mixed first-stage materials into a second mixer, closing the first mixer and the first conveyor to prepare for next mixing of the first-stage materials, starting the second mixer, closing a discharge port of the second mixer, keeping the second mixer in a normally open state, storing 8-10 pots of the first-stage materials in the second mixer, after bagging is started, ensuring that the second mixer always has 8-10 pots of mixed first-stage materials until the bagging is finished, starting the second conveyor and a material distributor, opening a discharge port of the second mixer and a discharge port of the material distributor, and when bagging is carried out, arranging a controller-controlled discharge port for discharging, a controller-controlled material-feeding port, a controller-controlled material-mixing port, and a controller for controlling the, And stopping the baffle plate, and closing all the devices after bagging.
The utility model discloses the reciprocating sieve of well sieve feeder filters dry material easier than wet material, and power energy consumption is little, and is effectual, and the volume of pusher is confirmed according to the volume of bran, makes the volume of stirring the material more accurate each time, and first mixer can be quick with each compost, moisture stirring evenly; the second material mixing machine has large capacity, fully mixes the primary mixed materials for a plurality of times, absorbs water and softens the mixed materials, so that the lentinus edodes bag in the later period has few micropores, good quality, high yield and small fruiting difference among the fungus sticks, and has good social and economic benefits.

Claims (9)

1. A mushroom culture material mixing device comprises a movable screening and conveying device, a material pushing trolley, a conveyor, a floor scale, a water storage tank and a material mixing machine, and is characterized in that the screening and conveying device comprises a screening machine (9-1) and a conveying belt (9-2), a discharge port of the screening machine (9-1) is arranged at a feed end of the conveying belt (9-2), a discharge end of the conveying belt (9-2) is arranged right above the material pushing trolley (8) in an upward inclined manner, a water level line is arranged on the side surface of the water storage tank (1), a water outlet of the water storage tank (1) is communicated with a water inlet of the first material mixing machine (2) through a valve pipeline, the first material mixing machine (2) is arranged below a ground level (11), the ground level (11) of the first material mixing machine (2) is provided with the floor scale (10) for weighing the material pushing trolley (8), a discharge port of the first material mixing machine (2) is communicated with a feed end of the first conveyor (3, the discharge end of the first conveyor (3) inclines upwards and is arranged above an opening of the second mixer (4), a discharge port of the second mixer (4) is communicated with a feed end of the second conveyor (5), the discharge end of the second conveyor inclines upwards and is arranged above the opening of the storage spreader (6), four corners of a machine body of the storage spreader (6) are provided with vertically downward supports (7), the bottom surface of the storage spreader (6) is provided with a plurality of downward discharge port pipes (6-1), a discharge port of each discharge port pipe (6-1) is provided with a baffle for controlling the discharge and stop of the storage spreader, and the first mixer (2), the second mixer (4), the first conveyor (3), the second conveyor (5) and the storage spreader (6) are respectively connected with an externally arranged controller.
2. The mushroom compost stirring equipment according to claim 1, wherein the first conveyor (3) is a scraper conveyor comprising a motor, a chute, scrapers and chains, the motor is arranged on one side outside the chute at the discharge end of the first conveyor (3), a rotating shaft of the motor is connected with a chain wheel shaft at the discharge end, the motor drives the chain wheel to rotate, the chain wheels at the feed end of the first conveyor (3) and the discharge end are provided with the chains, the scrapers are uniformly arranged on the chains, the distance between the adjacent scrapers is 30cm, the speed of the scrapers is 1m/s, and the structure of the second conveyor (5) is the same as that of the first conveyor (3).
3. The mushroom compost stirring device according to claim 1, wherein the discharge port of the first stirrer (2) is located at the middle part outside the body of the first stirrer (2), a main shaft is arranged in the body of the first stirrer (2), reversely symmetrical spirals are arranged on the main shaft along the longitudinal center, the rotation speed of the main shaft is 60r/min, and the spirals rotate reversely to push the material to the discharge port of the first stirrer (2).
4. The mushroom compost stirring device according to claim 1, wherein the second stirrer (4) is open at the upper part, the discharge port is positioned at the lower part of the middle outside the machine body, the rotating speed of a main shaft in the machine body is 10r/min, two sets of screws in opposite directions are coaxially arranged along the length direction of the main shaft, the screws close to the shaft push the material from the middle of the second stirrer (4) to two sides respectively, and the screws far away from the shaft push the material from two sides of the second stirrer (4) to the discharge port.
5. The mushroom compost stirring equipment as claimed in claim 1, wherein the material storing and distributing machine (6) is a spiral reciprocating type material distributing machine, and the rotating speed of a main shaft in the machine body is 45 r/min.
6. The mushroom compost stirring equipment as claimed in claim 1, wherein the material pushing cart (8) is a square body with an opening at the upper part, the front end of the square body is a discharging end, a movable baffle is arranged at the front end, the rear end of the square body is a material pushing end, a handle is arranged at the rear end, and wheels are arranged at the lower part of the square body.
7. The mushroom compost stirring equipment as claimed in claim 1, wherein the material sieving machine (9-1) is a reciprocating type vibration material sieving machine, the vibration frequency is 80 times/min, the material sieving machine (9-1) and the conveyer belt (9-2) are fixed on the same frame, and wheels which are convenient to move are arranged at the lower part of the frame.
8. The mushroom compost stirring equipment according to claim 1, wherein the ground scale (10) is level with the ground level (11), is positioned on the ground level (11) of the first stirring machine (2), and is used for weighing the material-loaded pusher (8).
9. The mushroom compost stirring equipment as claimed in claim 1, wherein the controller is a PLC controller.
CN202020275011.1U 2020-03-09 2020-03-09 Material equipment is mixed to mushroom culture material Active CN211745833U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020275011.1U CN211745833U (en) 2020-03-09 2020-03-09 Material equipment is mixed to mushroom culture material

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020275011.1U CN211745833U (en) 2020-03-09 2020-03-09 Material equipment is mixed to mushroom culture material

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211745833U true CN211745833U (en) 2020-10-27

Family

ID=72939344

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020275011.1U Active CN211745833U (en) 2020-03-09 2020-03-09 Material equipment is mixed to mushroom culture material

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211745833U (en)

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