CN2117366U - Improved rapid loading and unloading hoist - Google Patents

Improved rapid loading and unloading hoist Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2117366U
CN2117366U CN 91226996 CN91226996U CN2117366U CN 2117366 U CN2117366 U CN 2117366U CN 91226996 CN91226996 CN 91226996 CN 91226996 U CN91226996 U CN 91226996U CN 2117366 U CN2117366 U CN 2117366U
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China
Prior art keywords
heavy
crane
winding
utility model
buildings
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CN 91226996
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄茂田
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黄茂田
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Priority to CN 91226996 priority Critical patent/CN2117366U/en
Publication of CN2117366U publication Critical patent/CN2117366U/en

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a micro hoist which uses a spherical joint type brace strut to brace and fix in two parallel or unparallel base planes of buildings and utilizes components including a fastener, a revolving body, etc. To rapidly load a heavy on the brace strut, and the heavy is lifted by winding. The utility model not only can drive the heavy to rotate but also can elevate to realize the amplitude of variation. The length of the brace strut is adjustable; the utility model can be installed on a windowsill, a balcony or a through corridor to operate and is especially convenient for frequently migrating operating locations. The improved rapid loading and unloading type hoist for high buildings is appropriate for industries providing transporting service to high-building residents and is appropriate for life, businesses, production or builders in buildings.

Description

本实用新型涉及一种快装卸式高楼起重机,属微型起重机领域。 The present invention relates to a fast rise detachable crane, the crane belongs to the field of miniature.

现有的高楼起重机一般局限于安装在住宅阳台的正面作业,且需取固定位置安装。 Conventional tall cranes generally restricted job front balcony installed in a home, and the need to take the fixed position mounting. 有的虽不需取固定位置安装,但是装、拆很不方便;另外,多数机型不能实现使重物由外旋转到里的功能,给操作者带来不安全感。 Although some take a fixed position without the installation, but assembly and disassembly inconvenient; Furthermore, most models can not be achieved in that the weight function from the outside to the rotation, the operator brings insecurity.

本实用新型的目的是提供一种快速安装和拆卸的高楼起重机,给在高楼上的广大住户提供一种省力、方便、安全,并可实现多户共用的般运机具,同时又为从事为高楼住户搬运重物服务的行业和在无电梯高楼上办公、生产或施工作业的人员提供一种垂直运输的理想机具。 The purpose of the present invention is to provide a rapid installation and dismantling of tower cranes, to the majority of households in the tower provide a labor-saving, convenient, safe, and multi-user shared as transport equipment, while engaged in for the high-rise household heavy lifting services industry and on no elevator tower office, production or construction operations personnel to provide an ideal vertical transportation equipment.

上面是本人90年1月19日申请并获中国专利局于1991年2月20日,授权的实用新型专利——“快装卸式高楼起重机”(专利号90211059.4)说明书的前言,它完全适用于本实用新型“改进的快装卸式高楼起重机”。 The above is, I applied for and won the Chinese Patent Office on February 20, 1991, authorized the utility model patents, 90 January 19 - (Patent No. 90211059.4) instructions Introduction "quick detachable tower cranes," which is fully applicable to the utility model "improved quick detachable tower cranes."

下面结合附图对本型进行详细的叙述。 Accompanying drawings of the present type is described in detail in conjunction.

图1是本实用新型的一个实施例——改进的快装卸式高楼起重机的结构示意图。 Figure 1 is an embodiment of the invention - a schematic view of an improved fast rise removable crane.

图2是图1中A向视图。 A 1 in FIG. 2 is a view of FIG.

图3是图1中B-B剖视图。 FIG 3 is a sectional view of B-B in FIG.

根据附图1、2、3所示,本实用新型由支撑部分、卷扬旋转部分和起升部分等三大部件组成。 According to figures 2, 3, the present invention by a supporting portion, the winding portion and the rotary portion lifting three major components. 支撑部分由下座(1)上座(11)、垫环(12)、撑杆(8)、螺母(3)、顶杆(2)构成。 Support portion, the struts (8), the nut (3), the jack (2) is constituted by a lower seat (1) an upper seat (11), the grommet (12). 撑杆(8)下部装顶杆(2),且两端撑于上座(11),下座(1)中间,卷扬(5)和滑轮支架(10)活套装于撑杆上,起升臂(16)一端装于卷扬上的轴(6)上并支承于与卷扬连为一体的支块(7)上,钢绳(14)从卷扬中引出绕过滑轮(13)和(17)而与上部装有仰臂压盘(18)的吊钩(19)相连。 Struts (8) a lower mandrel means (2), and both ends on the upper seat support (11), lower seat (1) intermediate hoisting (5) and a pulley bracket (10) set in the stay alive, lifting the arm (16) and is supported on the shaft (6) mounted on an end of the winding in the winding is integral with the support block (7), the rope (14) drawn from the winch winds around pulley (13) and ( 17) equipped with the upper platen elevation arm (18) of hook (19) is connected. 当旋转螺母(3)时,由于其上端面与撑杆(8)的下端面紧密贴合而迫使其外螺纹与螺母(3)配合的顶杆(2)沿着撑杆(8)下方的导向螺钉而伸缩,从而通过撑杆部件(8)两端的球头顶紧(或松开)上、下座的球窝再通过夹布橡胶垫环(12)与上下基面紧密贴合。 When the rotation of the nut (3), since the struts on which the end face (8) of the lower end is forced into close contact with an outer threaded nut (3) with the mandrel (2) downward along a strut (8) telescopic guide screws, so that the ball head by a strut member (8) ends immediately (or loosening), the lower seat the ball through the cloth rubber ring (12) with the vertical plane in close contact with the base.

卷扬旋转部分由卷扬(5)、剖分式滑动轴承半轴承盖(4)、定滑轮(13)、支架(10)、台肩(9)及钢绳(14)、副绳勾(15)等组成。 Winding a winding rotation part (5), sliding split bearing half bearing cap (4), fixed pulley (13), the bracket (10), the shoulder (9) and a rope (14), the sub cord hook ( 15) and other components. 半轴承盖(4)和卷扬(5)左侧面上的半圆孔形成滑动轴承,其下端面支承于(8)下方台肩上;卷扬由一对齿轮减速增力,纲绳(14)缠绕在与被动大齿轮固联的卷筒上。 Semi-circular bearing cover half of the left side surface (4) and a winch (5) form a sliding bearing, which is supported by the lower end surface (8) under the shoulder; a pair of hoisting gear booster, Gang rope (14 ) wound on the drum with the driven gear wheel associated with the solid. 小齿轮与一棘爪连接以防突然意外反转。 Pinion with a click connection to prevent sudden unexpected reversal. 定滑轮(13)悬臂地装于支架(10)的轴上。 Fixed pulley (13) mounted cantilever on the shaft holder (10).

支架与撑杆(8)滑动轴承连接且承于台肩(9)上,具有防脱爪的副绳勾(15)由定长的纲绳挂牢于支架(10)的横销上。 And strut bracket (8) and the sliding bearing is connected to the bearing shoulder (9), having a retaining hook pawl secondary cord (15) hanging from the rope firmly fixed length classes on the support (10) has a cross pin. 起升部分由起升臂(16)、定滑轮(17)、仰臂压盘(18)、吊勾(19)等组成。 Since the lift arm by the lifting portion (16), fixed pulleys (17), Yang platen arm (18) or hook (19) or the like. 起升臂左端是一叉式开口的半圆轴承,它可绕固定于卷扬上部的轴(6)旋转,而卷扬上的支块(7)给起升臂的最低位置加以限制并承受重物的力矩(当重物较轻而不采用副勾时)起升臂右端定滑轮轴(22)两侧又固定侧板(20)、(21),它们把滑轮成半包围状但在右边留一开口,以使钢绳能进出,而开口又装一有扭簧的防脱勾,两侧板的底部构成一平面a。 Left lifting arm is a semi-circular bearing opening of the fork, which can be fixed to the shaft around an upper portion of the winding (6) is rotated, and the support block (7) on the winch to lift the arms from the lowermost position to withstand heavy restrictions and torque thereof (when the sub-hook without employing lighter weight) fixed pulleys right lifting arm shaft (22) and the fixed side plate sides (20), (21), which surround the half pulleys to the right shape but leaving an opening to enable the rope can be out, and the opening means and a retaining hook of torsion spring, a flat bottom constituting one of the side plates. 仰臂盘(18)挂于卷扬钢绳(14)的端部,其下方环耳上挂吊勾(19),其顶面做成一平面b以便重物升至一定高度后b与a接触,即能稳妥地带着起升臂(16)继续升高,从而围绕转轴(6)摆动。 After Yang arm plate (18) hung on the hoist rope (14) of the end portion, which hang below the ear hanging hook ring (19), which is a flat face is made up to a certain weight to height b and a b contacting, i.e. are securely with the lifting arm (16) continues to rise, thereby pivot about the axis (6).

作业安装时,首先把底座(1)置于下基面左边,然后右手拿顶杆(2)和螺母(3)。 When the mounting operation, first the base (1) group was placed under the left side and the right hand ram (2) and the nut (3). 左手拿撑杆(8)竖直地把上座(11)贴于上基面下使顶杆球头对准下座球窝,然后扶正撑杆并用右手顺时针旋转螺母(3),于是顶杆伸出撑紧于上下座的球窝内,再用本机附带的搬杆搬紧螺母(3),则撑杆与建筑物浑然一体,足以承受重物的倾复力矩。 Left hand strut (8) vertically the upper seat (11) affixed to the lower block so that the alignment jack ball on the ball at the base surface, and with his right hand and then righting strut clockwise rotation of the nut (3), then jack projecting the hold tight to the upper and lower ball seat, and then included with the machine conveying the transport rod nut (3), the struts and seamless building, enough to withstand the weight of the overturning moment. 第二步把剖分轴承打开了的卷扬卡进撑杆内并使下端面承于撑杆(8)的下台肩上,迅速合拢扣件,旋紧蝶形螺母。 The second step of opening the split bearing hoisting and snapped into the strut bearing in the strut end surface (8) of the step down shoulder quickly close fastener, tighten the wing nut. 第三步,把起升臂的叉口插入转轴(6)中并压于支块(7)上,此时,便可把副勾(15)口朝上地勾住起升臂中的横筋,然后把吊勾钢绳拉出,先挂在定滑轮(13)的槽内继续拉长纲绳并挂于定滑轮(17)槽内,至此全部安装完毕。 A third step the lifting fork is inserted into the arm shaft (6) and pressed against the support block (7), this time, the sub can hook (15) opening upward from the horizontal bars hook lift arm then the steel hove a hanging hook, hang in a fixed pulley groove (13) continues to hang in the elongated outline and a fixed pulley cord (17) groove, thus fully installed. 反摇手柄即可放下吊勾以便吊取重物(此时棘爪应在分离位置)。 Anti shaking handle can be taken down hanging hook for hanging the weight (in this case the pawl to be separated position). 当勾取重物后,把棘爪合小齿轮并顺时针摇手柄,于是重物上升,当升至仰臂压盘(18)的b面与起升臂a面接触时,继续摇动手柄,重物连同起升臂一同仰起实现臂的变幅,当起升臂摆到一定角度后,可把起升臂连同重物,卷扬滑轮支架钢绳等一起旋转到适当的位置,于是分离棘爪,反摇手柄,重物连同起升臂一起下降。 When Gouqu weight, the pinion gear and the pawl co shaking handle clockwise, then the weight increase, when the arm is raised to Yang platen (18) b of the lifting arm surface contact with a surface, continued to shake the handle, together with weight lifting arm luffing arm is looked up to realize, when the lifting arm placed at an angle, can be together with the lifting arm heavy hoisting rope sheave bracket to rotate together with other appropriate location, then separated pawl, anti-shaking handle, together with the heavy lifting arm is lowered together. 第一轮操作至此完毕。 This completes the first round of the operation. 仰起起升臂,使之转到外面,可准备第二轮作业。 Looked lifting arm, so that to the outside, a second round of operations may be prepared.

本实用新型起重机的优点如下:其一,使用范围大大拓宽了。 Advantage of the present invention crane as follows: First, the use of greatly broadened. 由于本机可撑固于不平行的两个基面内,故可装于窗台上,也可装于阳台的挑梁下方或通走廊的正前方。 Since the machine may be fixed to the supporting surface is not parallel to the two groups, it can be mounted on the window sill, it can be mounted beneath or in front of the corridor, balcony cantilever beam. 这就排除了很多局限,提供各种选择:阳台正面不行装侧面,阳台不行装窗台;此窗不行装那窗;其二,重物可以旋转,给操作带来安全感与便利性;其三,最大的特点在于能实现快速安装与拆卸。 This removes many limitations, offers a variety of options: No balcony front loading side, balcony not install windowsill; this window will not do that installed windows; Second, the weight can be rotated to bring a sense of security and ease of operation; Third , the biggest feature that enables fast installation and removal. 本机从安装支撑部分开始,到放下吊勾,全程只需2分钟,一人操作无需额外工具,为频繁转移作业地点提供了方便。 The machine starts from the installation support section, to put down the hanging hook, just two minutes the whole, one person without additional tools, provides a convenient location for the frequent transfer operations. 另外,整机轻巧,操作省力,造价低,不占地方。 Moreover, the whole light and effortless operation, low cost, do not take place.

Claims (3)

1.一种高楼起重机,它包括上座、下座、撑杆、卷扬、吊臂、定滑轮、吊钩等。 A tall crane, which comprises an upper seat, lower seat struts, winch, crane, fixed pulley, and hooks. 其特征是:撑杆(8)下部装顶杆(2),且两端撑于上座(11),下座(1)中间,卷扬(5)和滑轮支架(10)活套装于撑杆上,起升臂(16)一端装于卷扬上的轴(6)上并支承于与卷扬连为一体的支块(7)上,钢绳(14)从卷扬中引出绕过滑轮(13)和(17)而与上部装有仰臂压盘(18)的吊钩(19)相连。 Characterized in that: the struts (8) a lower mandrel means (2), and both ends on the upper seat support (11), lower seat (1) intermediate hoisting (5) and a pulley bracket (10) to stay alive Set on the lifting arm (16) mounted on an end of the winding shaft (6) supported on and connected integrally with the winding of the support block (7), the rope (14) drawn out from the winding pulley in the bypass ( 13) and (17) with the upper platen elevation arm (18) of hook (19) is connected.
2.按照权利要求1的起重机,其特征是上座(11),下座(1)的大端面上附有弹性垫(12)。 2. A crane as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the upper seat (11), with an elastic pad (12) lower base (1) of the large end face.
3.按照权利要求1的起重机,其特征是滑轮(13)悬臂地装于支架(10)上。 3. A crane as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the pulley (13) mounted on a cantilever bracket (10).
CN 91226996 1991-10-17 1991-10-17 Improved rapid loading and unloading hoist CN2117366U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 91226996 CN2117366U (en) 1991-10-17 1991-10-17 Improved rapid loading and unloading hoist

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CN 91226996 CN2117366U (en) 1991-10-17 1991-10-17 Improved rapid loading and unloading hoist

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CN2117366U true CN2117366U (en) 1992-09-30

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105836632A (en) * 2016-05-06 2016-08-10 叶秀 Construction device with suckers
CN105858502A (en) * 2016-05-06 2016-08-17 钟惠清 Small-sized building device for hoisting and transporting
CN105858519A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-08-17 张七龙 Hydraulic crane for home decoration
CN105883657A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-08-24 张七龙 Manufacturing and using method of folding home decoration crane
CN105926956A (en) * 2016-05-06 2016-09-07 周文宇 Environment-friendly construction device
CN105926955A (en) * 2016-05-06 2016-09-07 周文宇 Safety construction device
CN106081977A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-11-09 张七龙 Collapsible house ornamentation crane
CN106081942A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-11-09 张七龙 Spiral house ornamentation crane
CN106144919A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-11-23 张七龙 The method of manufacture and use thereof of fluid pressure type house ornamentation crane

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105836632A (en) * 2016-05-06 2016-08-10 叶秀 Construction device with suckers
CN105858502A (en) * 2016-05-06 2016-08-17 钟惠清 Small-sized building device for hoisting and transporting
CN105926956A (en) * 2016-05-06 2016-09-07 周文宇 Environment-friendly construction device
CN105926955A (en) * 2016-05-06 2016-09-07 周文宇 Safety construction device
CN105858519A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-08-17 张七龙 Hydraulic crane for home decoration
CN105883657A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-08-24 张七龙 Manufacturing and using method of folding home decoration crane
CN106081977A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-11-09 张七龙 Collapsible house ornamentation crane
CN106081942A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-11-09 张七龙 Spiral house ornamentation crane
CN106144919A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-11-23 张七龙 The method of manufacture and use thereof of fluid pressure type house ornamentation crane
CN107814319A (en) * 2016-06-27 2018-03-20 刘斌 A kind of fluid pressure type house ornamentation crane and its application method

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