CN211684531U - Automatic wheel changing device - Google Patents

Automatic wheel changing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211684531U
CN211684531U CN202020271904.9U CN202020271904U CN211684531U CN 211684531 U CN211684531 U CN 211684531U CN 202020271904 U CN202020271904 U CN 202020271904U CN 211684531 U CN211684531 U CN 211684531U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wheel
unloading
slide rail
hub
jacking
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN202020271904.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
聂硕成
纪海宾
徐庆雨
孙腾
李�昊
邢策
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Xuzhou College of Industrial Technology
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Xuzhou College of Industrial Technology
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Priority to CN202020271904.9U priority Critical patent/CN211684531U/en
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Publication of CN211684531U publication Critical patent/CN211684531U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model provides an automatic trade wheel device belongs to auto repair equipment technical field, including base, climbing mechanism and unload the wheel mechanism, one side of base is equipped with first slide rail, sliding connection has the climbing mechanism who is used for supporting car steel frame construction on the first slide rail, the opposite side of base is equipped with the rolling slope support of wheel hub of being convenient for, the base perpendicular to one side of first slide rail is equipped with the second slide rail, be equipped with on the second slide rail and unload the wheel mechanism, unload the wheel mechanism pass through supporting mechanism with second slide rail sliding connection, it is equipped with a plurality of wrenches of unloading towards wheel hub's one side to unload the wheel mechanism, it drives a plurality of synchronous pivoted power mechanism that unloads of wrench to unload to be equipped with in the wheel mechanism. The device adopts climbing mechanism and unloads the wheel mechanism device as an organic whole, convenient to carry, easy operation unloads the wheel mechanism and can unloads simultaneously or the installation trades required all screws of wheel, improves and trades wheel efficiency, and labour saving and time saving, easy operation.

Description

Automatic wheel changing device
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of auto repair equipment, concretely relates to automatic trade wheel device.
Background
With the rapid development of economy, the amount of vehicles running on the road surface is also increased rapidly, and because the tire is the only component in contact with the ground, the tire usually rubs against the road surface during the running of the vehicle on the road surface, so that the surface of the tire is abraded, and when the abrasion reaches the tire marking position, even the tire bursts, the tire needs to be replaced.
The existing wheel replacing device is mostly a manual wheel, a wheel hub screw is generally required to be detached and installed, time and labor are wasted, efficiency is low, and the situations of limb damage, clothes pollution and the like are easily caused. Therefore, an automatic wheel changing device is urgently needed.
Meanwhile, the existing wheel replacing device is inconvenient to carry, and due to the fact that the existing wheel replacing device is large in size and overweight in weight, the existing wheel replacing device has a great problem in the moving and accommodating processes.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to solve the problems, an object of the utility model is to provide an automatic trade a round device for solve among the prior art tire change waste time and energy and take, accomodate inconvenient problem.
In order to achieve the above object, the technical solution of the present invention is as follows.
The utility model provides an automatic wheel changing device, includes base, climbing mechanism and unloads the wheel mechanism, one side of base is equipped with first slide rail, sliding connection has the climbing mechanism who is used for supporting car steel frame construction on the first slide rail, the opposite side of base is equipped with the slope support that is convenient for wheel hub to roll, the base perpendicular to one side of first slide rail is equipped with the second slide rail, be equipped with on the second slide rail and unload the wheel mechanism, unload the wheel mechanism pass through supporting mechanism with second slide rail sliding connection, it is equipped with a plurality of wrenches of unloading towards one side of wheel hub to unload the wheel mechanism, it is equipped with in the wheel mechanism of unloading and drives a plurality of wrenches synchronous rotation's of unloading wheel power mechanism.
Furthermore, the wheel unloading power mechanism comprises a driving wheel and driven wheels located on the periphery of the driving wheel, each driven wheel is in tooth-shaped meshing with the driving wheel, a driven wheel shaft is arranged in the middle of each driven wheel, and each driven wheel shaft is detachably connected with a corresponding wheel unloading wrench.
Furthermore, one side of the wheel unloading mechanism, which is far away from the driving wheel, is provided with a wheel unloading power mechanism interface, and a driving wheel shaft on the driving wheel is inserted into the wheel unloading power mechanism interface and is detachably connected with the wheel unloading power mechanism interface.
Furthermore, one side of the wheel unloading mechanism, which is far away from the driving wheel, is connected with a first power machine which drives the driving wheel to rotate, and a rotating shaft of the first power machine is detachably connected with an interface of the wheel unloading power mechanism. The first power machine is a pneumatic machine or an electric motor, which can convert thermal energy or electric energy into mechanical energy, and the output form of the movement is usually rotation, so that the driving wheel can be driven to rotate.
Further, a mechanical frame is arranged on the upper side of the base, a cavity structure matched with the shape of the wheel unloading mechanism is arranged in the middle of the mechanical frame, the cavity structure is arranged on one side of the end portion of the second sliding rail, the bottom of the wheel unloading mechanism is hinged to the supporting mechanism, and the bottom of the wheel unloading mechanism is abutted to the supporting mechanism. The supporting mechanism is arranged on one side of the cavity structure, and the wheel unloading mechanism is convenient to move towards the cavity structure and is accommodated in the cavity structure.
Furthermore, the supporting mechanism comprises a supporting bottom plate and connecting arms positioned at two ends of the supporting bottom plate, and the supporting bottom plate and the 2 connecting arms are enclosed to form a hinge groove for hinging the wheel unloading mechanism; and hinged shafts are respectively arranged on two sides of the bottom of the wheel unloading mechanism, each hinged shaft is provided with an oblique sliding hole for the movement of the hinged shaft corresponding to the hinged shaft, each hinged shaft penetrates through the oblique sliding hole corresponding to the hinged shaft, and the hinged shaft is connected with a fixing piece in a threaded manner.
Furthermore, the bottom of the cavity structure is provided with a hub lifting mechanism, the hub lifting mechanism is sequentially provided with a lifting cylinder and a lifting top plate from bottom to top, the lifting cylinder is provided with a piston rod, the piston rod is movably connected with the lifting cylinder, and the top end of the piston rod is fixedly connected with the lifting top plate.
Furthermore, the bottom of the cavity structure is provided with a hub buffer mechanism, the hub buffer mechanism comprises a buffer connecting plate and a buffer spring positioned on the lower side of the buffer connecting plate, one end of the buffer spring is fixedly connected with the buffer connecting plate, and the other end of the buffer spring is fixedly connected with the base.
Further, climbing mechanism includes annular coupling assembling and lead screw, the lead screw level is worn to locate annular coupling assembling's middle part, one side that annular coupling assembling kept away from wheel hub is provided with climbing mechanism power interface, climbing power mechanism interface with annular coupling assembling rotatable coupling, annular coupling assembling is close to wheel hub's opposite side and has set firmly screw-nut, the one end of lead screw peg graft in on the climbing mechanism power interface, and with climbing mechanism power interface fixed connection, the other end of lead screw passes screw-nut, and with the screw-nut spiro union. Here, the annular connecting assembly is shaped as an equilateral quadrilateral.
Furthermore, one side of the power interface of the jacking mechanism is connected with a second power machine which drives the screw rod to rotate, and a rotating shaft of the second power machine is inserted into the power interface of the jacking mechanism and is connected with the screw rod through the power interface of the jacking mechanism; the lower end of the annular connecting assembly is connected with a limiting sliding block matched with the first sliding rail;
annular coupling assembling includes 4 jacking connecting plates of end to end connection in proper order and is used for connecting per two the connecting piece of jacking connecting plate, every the jacking connecting plate all is articulated rather than the connecting piece that corresponds, screw-nut rather than the connecting piece fixed connection that corresponds, jacking power unit interface rather than the connecting piece rotatable coupling that corresponds.
The utility model has the advantages that:
1. the utility model provides an automatic wheel changing device, which can install the jacking mechanism on the first slide rail in a sliding way, is convenient for adjusting the position of the jacking mechanism, and enables the supporting part of the jacking mechanism to be propped against the automobile steel frame structure; the second slide rail is located the back top of base, and will unload the wheel mechanism slidable and install on the second slide rail, is convenient for adjust and unloads the position of wheel mechanism, makes and unloads the wheel mechanism and can remove about in the second slide rail of back top, conveniently adjusts the relative position between wheel mechanism and the wheel hub screw of unloading. Install climbing mechanism and unload wheel mechanism an organic whole on the base, conveniently carry.
2. The utility model provides an automatic trade wheel device adopts climbing mechanism and unloads wheel mechanism device as an organic whole, convenient to carry, easy operation. The wheel dismounting mechanism can simultaneously dismount or mount all screws required by wheel replacement, the design improves the wheel replacement efficiency, saves time and labor, is simple to operate, and solves the problems of complex operation, time and labor waste, unsafety, easy oil contamination and the like during manual wheel replacement.
3. According to the device provided by the invention, the jacking mechanism and the wheel unloading mechanism are both arranged into a structure convenient to store, so that the problem of inconvenient storage is solved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a first viewing angle according to embodiment 1 of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a second viewing angle according to embodiment 1 of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a third viewing angle according to embodiment 1 of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of a wheel detaching mechanism in embodiment 1 of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a hub lifting mechanism in embodiment 2 of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of a hub damping mechanism according to embodiment 3 of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a base; 2. a first slide rail; 3. a jacking mechanism; 31. a screw rod; 32. a jacking mechanism power interface; 33. a second power machine; 34. a feed screw nut; 35. jacking a connecting plate; 36. a connecting member; 361. a limiting slide block; 4. a ramp bracket; 5. a second slide rail; 6. a wheel disassembling mechanism; 61. wheel disassembling wrenches; 62. a driving wheel; 621. a driving wheel shaft; 63. a driven wheel; 631. a driven axle; 64. a wheel-dismounting power mechanism interface; 65. a first power machine; 66. hinging a shaft; 67. a fixing member; 7. a support mechanism; 71. a support base plate; 72. a connecting arm; 73. a hinge recess; 74. oblique sliding holes; 8. a machine frame; 81. a cavity structure; 9. a hub lifting mechanism; 91. a lifting cylinder; 92. a piston rod; 93. lifting the top plate; 94. a hub lifting mechanism interface; 95. a vent; 10. a hub buffer mechanism; 101. a buffer connecting plate; 102. a buffer spring.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more clearly understood, the present invention is further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Example 1
Referring to fig. 1-4, the embodiment of the utility model provides an automatic wheel changing device, including base 1, climbing mechanism 3 and unload wheel mechanism 6, one side of base 1 is equipped with first slide rail 2, the opposite side is equipped with the rolling slope support 4 of wheel hub of being convenient for, sliding connection has the climbing mechanism 3 that is used for supporting car steel frame construction on first slide rail 2, climbing mechanism's bottom is pegged graft in first slide rail, and can follow first slide rail back-and-forth movement, it is convenient through adjusting climbing mechanism, make climbing mechanism's top support position top at car steel frame construction, so that the wheel changing operation. One side of the first slide rail 2 of base 1 perpendicular to is equipped with second slide rail 5, the second slide rail sets up in the back upper place of base, be equipped with on the second slide rail 5 and unload the wheel mechanism 6, the bottom of unloading wheel mechanism 6 is connected with supporting mechanism 7, and through supporting mechanism 7 and second slide rail 5 sliding connection, here, supporting mechanism's bottom is pegged graft in the second slide rail, and can follow the second slide rail and remove about, and the bottom of unloading wheel mechanism then detachable installs on supporting mechanism 7, make and unload wheel mechanism 6 and remove about in the second slide rail 5 of the back upper place of base 1, thereby make things convenient for the regulation to unload being connected between wheel mechanism 6 and the wheel hub screw. One side of the wheel unloading mechanism 6 facing the wheel hub is provided with a plurality of wheel unloading wrenches 61, and a wheel unloading power mechanism for driving the wheel unloading wrenches 61 to rotate synchronously is arranged in the wheel unloading mechanism 6. Here, the number of wheel unloading wrenches is 4, and outwards evenly distributes along the center of wheel unloading mechanism to the screw distribution on the adaptation wheel hub. The model of the wheel-dismounting wrench can be replaced, and the wheel hub screw corresponding to the model can be conveniently mounted and dismounted. Firstly, the wheel-dismounting wrenches are clamped on the corresponding wheel hub screws, and then the 4 wheel-dismounting wrenches are driven to synchronously rotate through the wheel-dismounting power mechanism, so that all the screws on the wheel hub are conveniently dismounted at the same time, and the wheel-changing efficiency is improved.
The wheel-dismounting power mechanism comprises a driving wheel 62 and driven wheels 63 located on the periphery of the driving wheel 62, each driven wheel 63 is meshed with the driving wheel 62 in a tooth form, and the driven wheels on the periphery are driven to synchronously rotate through the rotation of the driving wheel, so that all screws on a hub can be dismounted simultaneously, and the wheel-changing efficiency is improved. The middle part of each driven wheel 63 is provided with a driven wheel shaft 631, each driven wheel shaft 631 is detachably connected with a corresponding wheel unloading wrench 61, and the wheel unloading wrenches can conveniently rotate along with the rotation of the corresponding driven wheel shafts, so that wheels can be quickly replaced.
The wheel-dismounting wrench is characterized in that one end of the wheel-dismounting wrench is provided with a connector matched with a corresponding wheel hub screw, the other end of the wheel-dismounting wrench is provided with an inserting groove, a driven wheel shaft is inserted into the corresponding inserting groove, and the joint of the driven wheel shaft and the driven wheel shaft is fixed through the fixing component to play a role in reinforcing. One side of the wheel unloading mechanism 6 close to the wheel unloading wrench is provided with a buckling cover, the buckling cover is provided with 4 through holes for the wheel unloading wrench to pass through, and the buckling cover and the main body structure of the wheel unloading mechanism are enclosed to form a cavity for installing a wheel unloading power mechanism, so that a certain protection effect is achieved.
The side of the wheel unloading mechanism 6 far away from the wheel unloading wrench 61 is provided with a wheel unloading power mechanism interface 64, one side of the driving wheel 62 near the wheel unloading power mechanism interface is provided with a driving wheel shaft 621, and the driving wheel shaft 621 is inserted into the wheel unloading power mechanism interface 64 and detachably connected with the wheel unloading power mechanism interface 64. And the rear side part of the wheel unloading mechanism is provided with an installation block for installing a power interface of the wheel unloading mechanism, and the power interface of the wheel unloading mechanism is rotatably arranged on the installation block. The mounting block is mainly used for enhancing the mounting stability of the interface of the wheel-dismounting power mechanism and playing a role in protection.
One side of the wheel unloading mechanism 6 far away from the driving wheel 62 is connected with a first power machine 65 for driving the driving wheel 62 to rotate, and a rotating shaft of the first power machine 65 is detachably connected with a wheel unloading power mechanism interface 64. The first power machine is a pneumatic machine or an electric motor, which can convert thermal energy or electric energy into mechanical energy, and the output form of the movement is usually rotation, so that the driving wheel can be driven to rotate. The external first power machine is started, so that the rotating shaft of the first power machine rotates to drive the wheel unloading power mechanism interface to rotate, and further drive the driving wheel to rotate. The 4 driven wheels are driven by the driving wheel to synchronously rotate so as to be convenient for wheel replacement.
In this embodiment, climbing mechanism 3 is the jack structure, and climbing mechanism slidable installs on lieing in the left first slide rail 2 of base, is convenient for adjust the position of climbing mechanism 3, makes climbing mechanism 3's top support position top on car steel frame construction. The second slide rail is located the back top of base, and will unload the wheel mechanism slidable and install on the second slide rail, unload the wheel mechanism promptly and can remove about in the second slide rail of back top, be convenient for adjust unload the position of wheel mechanism, make unload the wheel mechanism and can remove about in the second slide rail of back top, conveniently adjust and unload the relative position between wheel mechanism and the wheel hub screw. Install climbing mechanism and unload wheel mechanism an organic whole on the base, conveniently carry.
The device adopts climbing mechanism and unload the wheel mechanism device as an organic whole, convenient to carry, easy operation. The wheel dismounting mechanism can simultaneously dismount or mount all screws required by wheel replacement, the design improves the wheel replacement efficiency, saves time and labor, is simple to operate, and solves the problems of complex operation, time and labor waste, unsafety, easy oil contamination and the like during manual wheel replacement. Simultaneously all set up climbing mechanism and unload the wheel mechanism and become the structure of conveniently accomodating, solved and accomodate inconvenient problem.
In order to facilitate storage, the upper side of the base 1 is provided with the mechanical frame 8, the middle of the mechanical frame 8 is provided with a cavity structure 81 matched with the shape of the wheel unloading mechanism 6, the wheel unloading mechanism is conveniently placed into the cavity structure, and the cavity structure and the lifting mechanism which is put down are located on the same plane, so that the storage space is reduced, and the portability in use is improved. The cavity structure 81 is disposed at one side of the end of the second slide rail 5, and the end of the second slide rail 5 is located at the middle part of the upper rear part of the base, so that the cavity structure is located at the middle part of the front side of the base. But slidable mounting has the supporting mechanism 7 of type U on the second slide rail 5, and the bottom of supporting mechanism 7 is equipped with the slider of type of falling T, the joint of being convenient for in the second slide rail. The bottom of the wheel unloading mechanism 6 is hinged with the supporting mechanism 7, and the bottom of the wheel unloading mechanism 6 is abutted against the supporting mechanism 7. When the supporting mechanism slides to one side of the cavity structure, the wheel unloading mechanism is hinged with the supporting mechanism 7, so that the wheel unloading mechanism can rotate towards the cavity structure and is accommodated in the cavity structure, and the accommodating convenience is improved.
The supporting mechanism 7 comprises a supporting bottom plate 71 and connecting arms 72 positioned at two ends of the supporting bottom plate 71, and the supporting bottom plate 71 and the 2 connecting arms 72 are enclosed to form a hinge groove 73 for hinging the wheel unloading mechanism 6; the shape of the hinge groove is U-like, so that the bottom end of the wheel unloading mechanism 6 is conveniently inserted into the hinge groove 73 and is hinged with the wheel unloading groove 73. The two sides of the bottom of the wheel unloading mechanism 6 are respectively provided with a hinged shaft 66, each connecting arm 72 is provided with an oblique sliding hole 74 for the movement of the corresponding hinged shaft 66, each hinged shaft 66 penetrates through the corresponding oblique sliding hole 74, and the hinged shaft is in threaded connection with a fixing piece 67.
Here, the bottom plane of the wheel detaching mechanism abuts against the support base plate 71, and when the wheel detaching mechanism needs to be stored in the cavity structure, the fixing member is unscrewed, so that the hinge shaft can move in the oblique sliding hole, and after the wheel detaching mechanism is lifted appropriately, the wheel detaching mechanism is turned over, and the wheel detaching mechanism can be stored in the cavity structure. The oblique sliding hole is arranged to facilitate the rotation of the wheel unloading mechanism. The mounting is fastening nut, is equipped with the screw thread with this fastening nut looks adaptation on the articulated shaft, makes things convenient for fastening nut spiro union on the articulated shaft that corresponds.
In order to conveniently adjust the lifting of the jacking mechanism 3, the jacking mechanism 3 comprises an annular connecting assembly and a screw rod 31, and the annular connecting assembly is in an equilateral quadrilateral shape. The middle part of locating annular coupling assembling is worn to the lead screw 31 level, one side that annular coupling assembling kept away from wheel hub is provided with climbing mechanism power interface 32, climbing mechanism interface 32 joint is on the tip on annular coupling assembling, and with annular coupling assembling rotatable coupling, annular coupling assembling is close to wheel hub's opposite side and has set firmly screw-nut 34, the one end of lead screw 31 is pegged graft on climbing mechanism power interface 32, and with climbing mechanism power interface 32 fixed connection, screw-nut 34 is passed to the other end of lead screw 31, and with screw-nut 34 spiro union.
Through rotating climbing mechanism power interface, make the lead screw rotate thereupon, because lead screw and screw-nut spiro union, consequently screw-nut can take place the displacement of horizontal direction along with the rotation of lead screw, and then drive annular coupling assembling and stretch towards both sides, make annular coupling assembling take place vertical displacement on vertical height to the realization is to climbing mechanism's lift adjustment.
One side of the jacking mechanism power interface 32 is connected with a second power machine 33 which drives the screw rod 31 to rotate, and a rotating shaft of the second power machine is inserted into the jacking mechanism power interface 32, is clamped with the jacking mechanism power interface and is connected with the screw rod 31 through the jacking mechanism power interface 32; the second power machine is an external motor or a pneumatic motor, can convert heat energy or electric energy into mechanical energy, and can drive the power interface of the jacking mechanism to rotate due to the fact that the motion output form of the second power machine is usually rotation. The lower end of the annular connecting component is connected with a limiting slide block 361 matched with the first slide rail 2; spacing slider joint is in first slide rail, and with first slide rail sliding connection, makes things convenient for annular coupling assembling to slide on first slide rail.
Annular coupling assembling includes 4 jacking connecting plate 35 of end to end connection in proper order and is used for connecting the connecting piece 36 of per two jacking connecting plate 35, and every jacking connecting plate 35 all is articulated rather than the connecting piece 36 that corresponds, connects the jacking connecting plate through the connecting piece to the combination forms the rotatable equilateral quadrilateral structure of four sides. Namely, two ends of the jacking connecting plate are respectively hinged with the corresponding jacking connecting plates. The screw nut 34 is fixedly connected with the corresponding connecting piece 36, and the jacking power mechanism interface 32 is rotatably connected with the corresponding connecting piece 36.
Example 2
Referring to fig. 2 and 5, the difference from the embodiment 1 is that a hub lifting mechanism 9 is disposed at the bottom of the cavity structure 81, the hub lifting mechanism 9 is sequentially provided with a lifting cylinder 91 and a lifting top plate 93 from bottom to top, the lifting cylinder 91 is provided with a piston rod 92, the piston rod 92 is movably connected with the lifting cylinder 91, and the top end of the piston rod 92 is fixedly connected with the lifting top plate 93.
In this embodiment, the motion of lifting cylinder mainly relies on compressed air to come the work, and compressed air after the air compressor machine comes out will be through filtering the back, to pneumatic switching-over valve, arrives the cylinder again, can realize the reciprocating motion of cylinder, and the connection structure of this process is gas circuit structure promptly, can realize lifting cylinder's piston motion through gas circuit structure, and then drives the reciprocating motion of piston rod, and the vertical reciprocating motion just also takes place thereupon to the roof of lifting. After the hub screw is dismounted, the hub lifting mechanism jacks up the hub to enable the hub to fall off the slope support, and then the wheel dismounting work is completed.
Here, the lifting top plate is provided with a limiting groove for clamping a wheel hub, one side of the base 1 is provided with a wheel hub lifting mechanism interface 94 for connecting an air path structure, the cylinder barrel of the lifting cylinder 91 is provided with 2 air vents 95 respectively located at the upper end and the lower end of the cylinder barrel, and the wheel hub lifting mechanism interface 94 is respectively connected with the 2 air vents 95. The hub lifting mechanism interface 94 is provided with a control valve for controlling the opening of the corresponding air vent 95, the control valve is respectively connected with 2 air vents through connecting pipelines, and the control valve is mainly used for conveniently connecting the corresponding air vents so as to realize the vertical reciprocating motion of the piston in the lifting cylinder.
One side of the hub lifting mechanism interface is connected with a gas circuit connecting structure, and the gas circuit connecting structure is respectively connected with the air vents at the two ends of the cylinder through the hub lifting mechanism interface and is used for adjusting the lifting motion of the piston cylinder. The gas circuit connection structure mainly comprises a gas source 98, an air processing assembly 97 and a solenoid valve 96, wherein the gas source is sequentially connected with the air processing assembly and the solenoid valve, the gas source is respectively connected with air vents at two ends of an air cylinder, the gas source is also an air compressor, the air processing assembly is a filter, and the solenoid valve is a three-way switching valve and is used for controlling the communication of the air vents corresponding to the solenoid valve.
Example 3
Referring to fig. 1 and fig. 6, the difference from the above embodiment 1 is that a hub buffer mechanism 10 is disposed at the bottom of the cavity structure 81, the hub buffer mechanism 10 includes a buffer connecting plate 101 and a buffer spring 102 located at the lower side of the buffer connecting plate 101, one end of the buffer spring 102 is fixedly connected to the buffer connecting plate 101, and the other end is fixedly connected to the base 1. Here, the hub buffer gear mainly plays the cushioning effect to the wheel hub under dismantling.
The above description is only exemplary of the present invention and should not be construed as limiting the present invention, and any modifications, equivalents and improvements made within the spirit and principles of the present invention are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. An automatic wheel changing device is characterized by comprising a base (1), a jacking mechanism (3) and a wheel unloading mechanism (6), a first slide rail (2) is arranged on one side of the base (1), a jacking mechanism (3) for supporting an automobile steel frame structure is connected on the first slide rail (2) in a sliding manner, the other side of the base (1) is provided with a slope bracket (4) which is convenient for the wheel hub to roll, a second slide rail (5) is arranged on one side of the base (1) which is vertical to the first slide rail (2), a wheel unloading mechanism (6) is arranged on the second slide rail (5), the wheel unloading mechanism (6) is connected with the second slide rail (5) in a sliding way through a supporting mechanism (7), one side of the wheel unloading mechanism (6) facing the wheel hub is provided with a plurality of wheel unloading wrenches (61), the wheel unloading mechanism (6) is internally provided with a wheel unloading power mechanism which drives a plurality of wheel unloading wrenches (61) to synchronously rotate.
2. The automatic wheel changing device according to claim 1, wherein the wheel unloading power mechanism comprises a driving wheel (62) and driven wheels (63) located on the peripheral side of the driving wheel (62), each driven wheel (63) is in tooth-shaped engagement with the driving wheel (62), a driven wheel shaft (631) is arranged in the middle of each driven wheel (63), and each driven wheel shaft (631) is detachably connected with a corresponding wheel unloading wrench (61).
3. The automatic wheel changing device according to claim 2, wherein a wheel unloading power mechanism interface (64) is arranged on one side of the wheel unloading mechanism (6) far away from the driving wheel (62), and a driving wheel shaft (621) on the driving wheel (62) is inserted into the wheel unloading power mechanism interface (64) and detachably connected with the wheel unloading power mechanism interface (64).
4. The automatic wheel changing device according to claim 3, characterized in that one side of the wheel unloading mechanism (6) far away from the driving wheel (62) is connected with a first power machine (65) which drives the driving wheel (62) to rotate, and a rotating shaft of the first power machine (65) is detachably connected with the wheel unloading power mechanism interface (64).
5. The automatic wheel changing device according to claim 1, characterized in that a mechanical frame (8) is arranged on the upper side of the base (1), a cavity structure (81) matched with the shape of the wheel unloading mechanism (6) is arranged in the middle of the mechanical frame (8), the cavity structure (81) is arranged on one side of the end part of the second sliding rail (5), the bottom of the wheel unloading mechanism (6) is hinged to the supporting mechanism (7), and the bottom of the wheel unloading mechanism (6) is abutted to the supporting mechanism (7).
6. The automatic wheel changing device according to claim 5, characterized in that the supporting mechanism (7) comprises a supporting bottom plate (71) and connecting arms (72) arranged at two ends of the supporting bottom plate (71), the supporting bottom plate (71) and 2 connecting arms (72) enclose to form a hinge groove (73) for hinging the wheel unloading mechanism (6); articulated shafts (66) are respectively arranged on two sides of the bottom of the wheel unloading mechanism (6), oblique sliding holes (74) for the corresponding articulated shafts (66) to move are formed in each connecting arm (72), each articulated shaft (66) penetrates through the corresponding oblique sliding hole (74), and a fixing piece (67) is connected in a threaded mode.
7. The automatic wheel changing device according to claim 5, wherein a hub lifting mechanism (9) is arranged at the bottom of the cavity structure (81), the hub lifting mechanism (9) is sequentially provided with a lifting cylinder (91) and a lifting top plate (93) from bottom to top, a piston rod (92) is arranged on the lifting cylinder (91), the piston rod (92) is movably connected with the lifting cylinder (91), and the top end of the piston rod (92) is fixedly connected with the lifting top plate (93).
8. The automatic wheel changing device according to claim 5, characterized in that a hub buffer mechanism (10) is arranged at the bottom of the cavity structure (81), the hub buffer mechanism (10) comprises a buffer connecting plate (101) and a buffer spring (102) positioned at the lower side of the buffer connecting plate (101), one end of the buffer spring (102) is fixedly connected with the buffer connecting plate (101), and the other end of the buffer spring is fixedly connected with the base (1).
9. The automatic wheel changing device according to claim 1, wherein the jacking mechanism (3) comprises an annular connecting assembly and a lead screw (31), the lead screw (31) horizontally penetrates through the middle of the annular connecting assembly, a jacking mechanism power interface (32) is arranged on one side, far away from the hub, of the annular connecting assembly, the jacking mechanism power interface (32) is rotatably connected with the annular connecting assembly, a lead screw nut (34) is fixedly arranged on the other side, close to the hub, of the annular connecting assembly, one end of the lead screw (31) is inserted into the jacking mechanism power interface (32) and fixedly connected with the jacking mechanism power interface (32), and the other end of the lead screw (31) penetrates through the lead screw nut (34) and is in threaded connection with the lead screw nut (34).
10. The automatic wheel changing device according to claim 9, wherein one side of the jacking mechanism power interface (32) is connected with a second power machine (33) which drives the screw rod (31) to rotate, and a rotating shaft of the second power machine is inserted into the jacking mechanism power interface (32) and connected with the screw rod (31) through the jacking mechanism power interface (32); the lower end of the annular connecting assembly is connected with a limiting sliding block (361) matched with the first sliding rail (2);
annular coupling assembling includes 4 jacking connecting plate (35) of end to end connection in proper order and is used for connecting per two connecting piece (36) of jacking connecting plate (35), every jacking connecting plate (35) all are articulated rather than connecting piece (36) that correspond, screw-nut (34) rather than connecting piece (36) fixed connection that corresponds, climbing mechanism power interface (32) rather than connecting piece (36) rotatable coupling that corresponds.
CN202020271904.9U 2020-03-06 2020-03-06 Automatic wheel changing device Expired - Fee Related CN211684531U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020271904.9U CN211684531U (en) 2020-03-06 2020-03-06 Automatic wheel changing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020271904.9U CN211684531U (en) 2020-03-06 2020-03-06 Automatic wheel changing device

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113334998A (en) * 2021-08-02 2021-09-03 深圳市微卓通科技有限公司 Tire replacement auxiliary device for new energy automobile

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113334998A (en) * 2021-08-02 2021-09-03 深圳市微卓通科技有限公司 Tire replacement auxiliary device for new energy automobile
CN113334998B (en) * 2021-08-02 2021-11-09 深圳市微卓通科技有限公司 Tire replacement auxiliary device for new energy automobile

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