CN211639879U - Automatic marking and dotting mechanical device for medium and small platforms - Google Patents

Automatic marking and dotting mechanical device for medium and small platforms Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211639879U
CN211639879U CN201921969916.2U CN201921969916U CN211639879U CN 211639879 U CN211639879 U CN 211639879U CN 201921969916 U CN201921969916 U CN 201921969916U CN 211639879 U CN211639879 U CN 211639879U
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China
Prior art keywords
motion module
slide
servo motor
linear motion
slide rail
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CN201921969916.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙雪
于美芹
孙同珍
张烈明
刘梅
张茂华
焦亚男
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Shandong Wuzheng Group Co Ltd
Zhejiang Feidie Automobile Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Shandong Wuzheng Group Co Ltd
Zhejiang Feidie Automobile Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an automatic marking off of medium and small platform mechanical device of dotting, including installing the installation frame in work platform week side, install X on the installation frame to the linear motion module, X installs Y to the linear motion module on to the linear motion module, Y installs Z to the linear motion module on to the linear motion module, Z installs electric main shaft on to the linear motion module, install on the electric main shaft and mark off the working head, X is connected with control system to linear motion module, Y to linear motion module, Z to linear motion module and electric main shaft. The utility model discloses a function is got ready in automatic quick, the high accuracy of middle-size and small-size platform marking off, solved artifical marking off and got ready the precision low and adopt the too high problem of machining center working costs, reduced intensity of labour, promoted efficiency, the cost is reduced.

Description

Automatic marking and dotting mechanical device for medium and small platforms
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a processing equipment especially relates to an automatic marking off of well small platform mechanical device of dotting.
Background
At present, the marking and dotting process of plates and welding mould platforms is carried out in two ways: the first method is as follows: manual marking and punching cone dotting modes, wherein workers adopt tools such as a ruler, a scriber, a heavy cone and the like to perform manual measurement, marking and dotting; the problems of high labor intensity, complex operation, low working efficiency and incapability of ensuring dotting precision exist; the second method comprises the following steps: and the numerical control dotting cost is high due to the dotting of the numerical control machining center.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims to solve the technical problem that a well little platform is automatic to be rule and is got a little mechanical device is got a little that can be quick, high accuracy rule, reduce intensity of labour, lifting efficiency, reduce cost is provided.
In order to solve the technical problem, the technical scheme of the utility model is that: automatic marking off mechanical device of dotting of middle and small platform, including installing the installation frame in work platform week side, install X on the installation frame to the rectilinear motion module, X installs Y to the rectilinear motion module on to the rectilinear motion module, Y installs Z to the rectilinear motion module on to the rectilinear motion module, Z installs electric main shaft on to the rectilinear motion module, install on the electric main shaft and mark off the working head, X is connected with control system to rectilinear motion module, Y to the rectilinear motion module, Z to the rectilinear motion module and electric main shaft.
As the preferred technical scheme, the X is to the X that linear motion module installed respectively to the slide rail including being located the installation frame of the relative both sides of work platform, two X is to the mutual parallel arrangement of slide rail, two X is provided with X respectively to the slide rail and is to the slide rail on, two X is to the photoelectric sensor of installing respectively at slide rail both ends, two X is to installing the link between the slide, two X is connected with X to synchronous drive device to the slide.
As the preferred technical scheme, X includes the synchronizing bar to the synchronous drive device, synchronous pulley is installed respectively to the synchronizing bar both ends, two X corresponds respectively to installing the driven pulleys on the slide rail, the cover is equipped with the hold-in range on synchronous pulley and the driven pulley that corresponds, two the hold-in range is connected corresponding X respectively to the slide, the synchronizing bar passes through the coupling joint X to servo motor, X passes through servo motor driver to servo motor and connects control system.
According to the preferable technical scheme, the Y-direction linear motion module comprises a Y-direction slide rail arranged on the connecting frame, Y-direction photoelectric sensors are respectively arranged at two ends of the Y-direction slide rail, a Y-direction slide seat is arranged on the Y-direction slide rail, and a Y-direction driving device for driving the Y-direction slide seat to slide in a reciprocating mode is arranged on the connecting frame.
According to a preferable technical scheme, the Y-direction driving device comprises a Y-direction ball screw arranged on the connecting frame, the Y-direction sliding seat is sleeved on the Y-direction ball screw, the Y-direction ball screw is connected with a Y-direction servo motor through a coupler, and the Y-direction servo motor is connected with the control system through a servo motor driver.
Preferably, the Y-rail also serves as the link.
As preferred technical scheme, Z includes to the linear motion module Y is to the mounting bracket to the Z that the slide was installed, Z is to the slide rail to the mounting bracket installation, Z is to photoelectric sensor to the slide rail both ends are installed respectively to Z, Z is to installing Z on the slide rail to the slide, Z is to installing on the slide electric spindle, Z installs the drive to the mounting bracket Z is to drive arrangement to the slide reciprocating sliding's Z of slide.
According to a preferable technical scheme, the Z-direction driving device comprises a Z-direction ball screw arranged on the Z-direction mounting frame, the Z-direction sliding seat is sleeved on the Z-direction ball screw, the Z-direction ball screw is connected with a Z-direction servo motor through a coupler, and the Z-direction servo motor is connected with the control system through a servo motor driver.
According to a preferable technical scheme, the outer periphery of the working platform is wrapped with a shroud plate, and the shroud plate is provided with a rolling arc structure in a protruding mode.
Because the automatic marking and dotting mechanical device for the medium and small platforms adopts the technical scheme comprises an installation frame arranged on the peripheral side of a working platform, an X-direction linear motion module is installed on the installation frame, a Y-direction linear motion module is installed on the X-direction linear motion module, a Z-direction linear motion module is installed on the Y-direction linear motion module, an electric spindle is installed on the Z-direction linear motion module, a marking and dotting working head is installed on the electric spindle, and the X-direction linear motion module, the Y-direction linear motion module, the Z-direction linear motion module and the electric spindle are connected with a control system. When the automatic scribing and dotting machine works, the control system controls the X-direction linear motion module, the Y-direction linear motion module and the Z-direction linear motion module to drive the electric spindle to move on a workpiece on the working platform according to a code signal generated by a pre-input drawing, and the electric spindle tells the rotating and scribing and dotting working head to scribe and dotte on the workpiece, so that the automatic quick and high-precision scribing and dotting functions of small and medium-sized platforms are realized, the problems of low manual scribing and dotting precision and overhigh processing cost by adopting a processing center are solved, the labor intensity is reduced, the efficiency is improved, and the cost is reduced.
Drawings
The drawings are only intended to illustrate and explain the present invention and do not limit the scope of the invention. Wherein:
fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a side view of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a top view of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic diagram of the arrangement of components in the control cabinet of the present invention.
In the figure: 1-a working platform; 2-a mounting frame; 3-X direction sliding rails; a 31-X direction sliding seat; 4-covering a plate; 41-arc rolling structure; 5-Z-direction mounting racks; a 51-Z-direction sliding seat; 6-electric spindle; 7-a drag chain; 8-bearing seats; 9-a synchronization rod; 10-servo motor driver; 11-a control panel; 12-a control cabinet; a 13-Y-direction slide rail; 131-Y direction sliding seat; 14-motor shield; a 15-X direction servo motor; a 16-Y direction servo motor; a 17-Z servo motor; 18-motion controller.
Detailed Description
Exemplary embodiments according to the present invention are described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings. Here, it is to be noted that, in the drawings, the same reference numerals are given to the constituent elements having substantially the same structure and function, and redundant description about the substantially same constituent elements is omitted in order to make the description more concise.
As shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, the automatic marking and dotting mechanical device for the medium and small platforms is used for placing and clamping a workpiece through the working platform 1; the automatic marking and dotting device comprises an installation frame 2 arranged on the peripheral side of a working platform 1, wherein the installation frame 2 is used as an installation foundation, an X-direction linear motion module is arranged on the installation frame 2, a Y-direction linear motion module is arranged on the X-direction linear motion module, a Z-direction linear motion module is arranged on the Y-direction linear motion module, an electric spindle 6 is arranged on the Z-direction linear motion module, a marking and dotting working head is arranged on the electric spindle 6, and the marking and dotting working head can perform dotting or marking by adopting a high-speed drill bit, a scribing needle, a scribing gauge and the like according to the actual production; the X-direction linear motion module, the Y-direction linear motion module, the Z-direction linear motion module and the electric spindle 6 are connected with a control system. When the automatic scribing and dotting device works, the control system controls the X-direction linear motion module, the Y-direction linear motion module and the Z-direction linear motion module to drive the electric spindle 6 to move on a workpiece on the working platform 1 according to a code signal generated by a pre-input drawing, and the electric spindle 6 is controlled to work to perform scribing and dotting on the workpiece through the scribing and dotting working head, so that the automatic, quick and high-precision scribing and dotting functions of small and medium-sized platforms are realized.
As shown in fig. 1, fig. 2 and fig. 3, the X-direction linear motion module includes X-direction slide rails 3 respectively installed on the installation frames 2 located at two opposite sides of the working platform 1, two X-direction slide rails 3 are arranged in parallel to each other, two X-direction slide seats 31 are respectively arranged on the X-direction slide rails 3, two X-direction photoelectric sensors are respectively installed at two ends of the X-direction slide rails 3, the X-direction photoelectric sensors are connected with a control system and used for zero-point homing and overrun alarm when the X slides to the slide seats 31, two X-direction slide seats 31 are connected with a connecting frame therebetween, and two X-direction slide seats 31 are connected with an X-direction synchronous driving device. X includes synchronizing bar 9 to synchronous drive device, and synchronizing bar 9 can rotate through two bearing frame 8 as the installation support and install on installation frame 2 or X is to slide rail 3 on, synchronous pulley is installed respectively at 9 both ends of synchronizing bar, two X corresponds respectively to installing from the driven pulleys on the slide rail 3, the cover is equipped with the hold-in range on synchronous pulley and the driven pulley that corresponds, two the X that corresponds is connected respectively to the hold-in range is to slide 31, synchronizing bar 9 passes through coupling joint X to servo motor 15, X is connected through servo motor driver 10 to servo motor 15 control system. The servo motor driver 10 is controlled by the control system to control the X-direction servo motor 15 to work, and the power transmission through the shaft coupling and the synchronizing rod 9 drives the two synchronous belt wheels, the driven belt wheels and the synchronous belt to work, so that the two X-direction sliding seats 31 move along the positive and negative directions of the two parallel X-direction sliding rails 3, and the linear motion module is used for realizing the transmission precision through the synchronous belt type transmission.
As shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, the Y-direction linear motion module includes a Y-direction slide rail 13 mounted on the connecting frame, Y-direction photosensors are respectively mounted at two ends of the Y-direction slide rail 13, a Y-direction slide seat 131 is arranged on the Y-direction slide rail 13, and a Y-direction driving device for driving the Y-direction slide seat 131 to slide back and forth is mounted on the connecting frame. The Y-direction photoelectric sensor is connected to the control system, and is used for zero reset and overrun alarm when the Y-direction sliding seat 131 slides. The Y-direction driving device comprises a Y-direction ball screw arranged on the connecting frame, the Y-direction sliding seat 131 is sleeved on the Y-direction ball screw, the Y-direction ball screw is connected with a Y-direction servo motor 16 through a coupler, and the Y-direction servo motor 16 is connected with the control system through a servo motor driver 10. The servo motor driver 10 is controlled by a control system to control the Y-direction servo motor 16 to work, the Y-direction sliding seat 131 is driven by a coupler and a Y-direction ball screw to slide on the Y-direction sliding rail 13 in a reciprocating mode, and a linear motion module is used for transmission through ball screw type transmission, so that the transmission precision is guaranteed; and the Y-direction slide rail 13 can also be used as the connecting frame, thereby simplifying the structure.
As shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, the Z-direction linear motion module includes the Z-direction mounting rack 5 installed on the Y-direction sliding base 131, the Z-direction sliding rail is installed on the Z-direction mounting rack 5, Z-direction photoelectric sensors are respectively installed on two ends of the Z-direction sliding rail, the Z-direction sliding base 51 is installed on the Z-direction sliding rail, the electric spindle 6 is installed on the Z-direction sliding base 51, and the Z-direction driving device for driving the Z-direction sliding base 51 to slide back and forth is installed on the Z-direction mounting rack 5. The Z-direction photoelectric sensor is connected with a control system and used for zero reset and overrun alarm when the Z-direction sliding seat 51 slides. Z includes to drive arrangement Z to the ball of installation on Z to mounting bracket 5, Z is to slide 51 suit on Z is to ball, Z passes through coupling joint Z to servo motor 17 to ball, Z connects through servo motor driver 10 to servo motor 17 control system. The servo motor driver 10 is controlled by a control system to control the Z-direction servo motor 17 to work, the Z-direction sliding seat 51 is driven by the shaft coupling and the Z-direction ball screw to slide on the Z-direction sliding rail in a reciprocating manner, and the linear motion module is used for ensuring the transmission precision through ball screw type transmission; and the Z-direction slide rail can be used as the Z-direction mounting rack 5, so that the structure is simplified.
As shown in fig. 1 and 4, the outer periphery of the work platform 1 is covered with a shroud plate 4, and the shroud plate 4 is provided with a rolling arc structure 41 in a protruding manner, so that rigidity is enhanced and the work platform is not easily deformed. A motor protective cover 14 is arranged on the outer side of the X-direction servo motor 15 for protection, and similarly, a motor protective cover 14 can also be arranged on the outer sides of the Y-direction servo motor 16 and the Z-direction servo motor 17 for protection; cables such as power supply lines and control lines of moving members such as the X-direction servo motor 15, the Y-direction servo motor 16, the Z-direction servo motor 17, and the electric spindle 6 may be wired through the tow chain 7 to prevent the cables from damaging the protection cables. The control system comprises an upper computer such as a computer and a control cabinet 12, wherein a motion controller 18, each servo motor driver 10, a switching power supply, a relay and other required electric devices are arranged in the control cabinet 12, and a strong current and weak current separated arrangement mode is adopted during arrangement, so that signal interference is avoided; the motion controller 18 can adopt an R14S motion type controller, and the motion controller 18 is used for controlling the servo motor drivers 10 in a connecting way, so that three-axis linkage control is realized, and the efficiency is improved; simultaneously motion controller 18 connects X respectively to photoelectric sensor, Y to photoelectric sensor and Z to photoelectric sensor and electric main shaft 6, control X to, Y to, Z to zero homing and transfinite of motion, has guaranteed transmission precision and safety, and X to slide rail 3, Y to slide rail 13, Z to the installation setting of slide rail position separately, guarantees that electric main shaft 6 drives the drawing line and beats the removal of a work head any position on work platform 1 and all does not have the hindrance, has guaranteed to draw the line and has beaten the smooth going on of work, the utility model discloses a high accuracy mould platform that can compare favourably with numerical control system performance beats equipment, the industry is the initiative. When the two-dimensional drawing debugging platform works, a two-dimensional drawing is guided into a generating path and a G code file through an upper computer such as a computer and then is guided out to the motion controller 18, debugging is carried out through a human-computer interface of the control panel 11, the original point of the platform is positioned and selected, and the control panel 11 can be arranged on a control frame and can move freely, so that operation is convenient; the motion controller 18 controls each servo driver, the X-direction servo motor 15, the Y-direction servo motor 16, the Z-direction servo motor 17 and the electric spindle 6, workpieces are placed on the working platform 1 at will, the coordinates of the original points of the workpieces are set, the original points of the platform are found through the control system, and all coordinates can be generated by one key, so that the time is saved, the convenience is realized, and the positioning is not needed; the electric spindle 6 drives the marking and dotting working head to rotate at a high speed to perform dotting or marking, so that the impact load on each module is greatly reduced; the utility model discloses from the conversion of two-dimensional drawing to the G code, the generation on route and the leading-in process of G code have realized that middle-size and small-size platform is automatic quick, the high accuracy is rule and is got ready the function, and automatic leading-in is got ready, need not artificial intervention, has solved artifical rule and has got ready the precision and hang down and machining center working costs too high problem.
The above description is only exemplary of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. Any person skilled in the art should also realize that such equivalent changes and modifications can be made without departing from the spirit and principles of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. Automatic marking off mechanical device of beating of middle and small platform, its characterized in that: including installing the installation frame in work platform week side, install X on the installation frame to the rectilinear motion module, X is to installing Y on the rectilinear motion module to the rectilinear motion module, Y installs Z on to the rectilinear motion module and installs electric main shaft on the Z is to the rectilinear motion module, install on the electric main shaft and rule the working head of dotting, X is connected with control system to rectilinear motion module, Y to rectilinear motion module, Z to the rectilinear motion module and electric main shaft.
2. The medium and small platform automatic line drawing and point printing mechanical device as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: x is to linear motion module including being located the X of installing respectively on the installation frame of the relative both sides of work platform to the slide rail, two X is to the mutual parallel arrangement of slide rail, two X is provided with X respectively to the slide on to the slide rail, two X is to photoelectric sensor, two X is installed respectively to the slide rail both ends X installs the link between to the slide, two X is connected with X to synchronous drive device to the slide.
3. The medium and small platform automatic line drawing and point printing mechanical device as claimed in claim 2, characterized in that: the X-direction synchronous driving device comprises a synchronous rod, synchronous belt wheels are respectively installed at two ends of the synchronous rod, two driven belt wheels are respectively and correspondingly installed on the X-direction sliding rail, synchronous belts are sleeved on the synchronous belt wheels and the corresponding driven belt wheels, the two synchronous belts are respectively connected with the corresponding X-direction sliding seats, the synchronous rod is connected with the X-direction servo motor through a shaft coupling, and the X-direction servo motor is connected with the control system through a servo motor driver.
4. The medium and small platform automatic line drawing and point printing mechanical device as claimed in claim 2, characterized in that: the Y-direction linear motion module comprises a Y-direction slide rail arranged on the connecting frame, Y-direction photoelectric sensors are respectively arranged at two ends of the Y-direction slide rail, a Y-direction slide seat is arranged on the Y-direction slide rail, and a Y-direction driving device for driving the Y-direction slide seat to slide in a reciprocating manner is arranged on the connecting frame.
5. The medium and small platform automatic line drawing and point printing mechanical device as claimed in claim 4, characterized in that: y includes to drive arrangement Y is installed to the link and is to ball, Y to the slide suit on Y is to ball, Y passes through the coupling joint Y to servo motor to ball, Y passes through the servo motor driver to servo motor and connects control system.
6. The medium and small platform automatic line drawing and point printing mechanical device as claimed in claim 4, characterized in that: the Y-direction slide rail also serves as the connecting frame.
7. The medium and small platform automatic line drawing and point printing mechanical device as claimed in claim 4, characterized in that: z includes to the linear motion module Y is to the mounting bracket to the Z of slide installation, Z is to the slide rail to the mounting bracket installation, Z is to photoelectric sensor to the slide rail both ends are installed respectively to Z, Z is to installing Z on the slide rail to the slide, Z installs to on the slide electricity main shaft, Z installs the drive to on the mounting bracket Z is to the drive arrangement of the reciprocal gliding Z of slide.
8. The medium and small platform automatic line drawing and point printing mechanical device as claimed in claim 7, characterized in that: z includes to drive arrangement Z to the ball of installing to the mount frame, Z is to the slide suit on Z is to ball, Z passes through coupling joint Z to servo motor to ball, Z passes through servo motor driver to servo motor and connects control system.
9. The small and medium-sized platform automatic scribing and dotting mechanical device as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein: the outer peripheral side of the working platform is coated with a shroud plate, and the shroud plate is convexly provided with an arc rolling structure.
CN201921969916.2U 2019-11-14 2019-11-14 Automatic marking and dotting mechanical device for medium and small platforms Active CN211639879U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921969916.2U CN211639879U (en) 2019-11-14 2019-11-14 Automatic marking and dotting mechanical device for medium and small platforms

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921969916.2U CN211639879U (en) 2019-11-14 2019-11-14 Automatic marking and dotting mechanical device for medium and small platforms

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211639879U true CN211639879U (en) 2020-10-09

Family

ID=72692266

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921969916.2U Active CN211639879U (en) 2019-11-14 2019-11-14 Automatic marking and dotting mechanical device for medium and small platforms

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211639879U (en)

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