CN211613434U - Seed wind power cleaning and sorting machine - Google Patents

Seed wind power cleaning and sorting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211613434U
CN211613434U CN201922197124.4U CN201922197124U CN211613434U CN 211613434 U CN211613434 U CN 211613434U CN 201922197124 U CN201922197124 U CN 201922197124U CN 211613434 U CN211613434 U CN 211613434U
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China
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plate
shell
seed
water
dust
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CN201922197124.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张全
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Tianjin Jinshi Shennong Seed Industry Co ltd
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Tianjin Jinshi Shennong Seed Industry Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a seed wind-force cleaner in the technical field of seed screening, which comprises a shell, two mounting panels are fixedly connected with the inner side wall of the shell, a chute is arranged on the mounting panels, two chutes are internally and slidably connected with the same inclined plate, the lower side of the inclined plate is connected with the bottom wall of the chute through a traction spring, the inner back wall of the shell is fixedly connected with a motor, through adding the structures of the inclined plate, the traction spring, a cam and the like, dust in the seed can be excited through the vibration of the inclined plate and is sucked into a dust filtering bag under the action of a fan, through adding the structures of a linkage rod, a water screening plate, a water tank and the like, dust and debris which are not excited can be washed away by water, fine sand in the seed is left in water, through adding the structures of a heating box, a hot air pipe, an air outlet and the like, the seed after being soaked can be dried, the back-and-forth pushing of the push-pull plate is combined, the drying speed is increased, and the screening efficiency of seeds is improved.

Description

Seed wind power cleaning and sorting machine
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a seed screening technical field specifically is a seed wind-force cleaner.
Background
Seeds are the unique propagules of gymnosperms and angiosperms, which are formed by the ovule undergoing pollination fertilization. The seeds generally consist of three parts, namely a seed coat, an embryo and an endosperm, and some mature seeds of plants only comprise two parts, namely the seed coat and the embryo. The formation of seeds allows the young sporozoite ovules to be protected maternal and to be nourished sufficiently like a mammalian fetus. Seeds also have various structures suitable for spreading or resisting adverse conditions, creating good conditions for the ethnic continuation of plants. It is therefore advantageous that the seed plant can replace ferns during the phylogenetic development of the plant. The above are seeds of botanical significance, not seeds on production, which include not only the above botanical seeds, but also organs and artificial seeds from which the plant can be used for propagation.
Prior to seed planting, seed screening is typically performed. At this time, some seed sorting machines are used, which utilize the differences in shape, size, specific gravity, surface characteristics, aerodynamic characteristics, etc. of the seed particles and inclusions to sort out qualified and good seeds. Including seed cleaning and seed selection. The seed cleaning machine is used for cleaning impurities from the seeds; the seed sorter is used for sorting robust, full and strong seed grains from the seeds after impurity removal, and grading the seed grains according to the external dimension of the seeds if necessary. Most grain cleaning machines are also used for impurity removal, selection and classification of seeds.
When aiming at seeds with more dust or more chips, the conventional wind seed screening mechanism cannot well clean the seeds and cannot clean the seeds cleanly, and the seed wind power cleaning and sorting machine is provided for solving the problem.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a seed wind-force cleaner to solve the problem that proposes among the above-mentioned background art.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme: the utility model provides a seed wind-force cleaning and sorting machine, includes the casing, two mounting panels of inside wall fixedly connected with of casing, the spout has been seted up on the mounting panel, two sliding connection has same swash plate in the spout, the downside of swash plate is connected with the diapire of spout through the tractive spring, the interior back wall fixedly connected with motor of casing, the output fixed connection of motor has power pulley, power pulley's the coaxial fixedly connected with carousel of preceding lateral wall, power pulley is connected with driven pulley through the belt, the coaxial fixedly connected with cam of rear side wall of driven pulley, the marginal lateral wall and the swash plate of cam are inconsistent, the trailing flank center of cam rotates with the interior back wall of casing to be connected, the interior back wall fixedly connected with suction hood of casing, the one end of dust absorption pipe is through-connected to the suction hood, the other end of dust absorption pipe is through-connected with the filter bag behind the fixed rear side wall that runs through, the outer side wall of the shell is fixedly connected with a dedusting box, the dust collection pipe fixedly penetrates through the side wall of the dedusting box, the dedusting box is connected with the input end of a fan in a penetrating way, the fan is fixedly connected with the outer side wall of the shell, the output end of the fan is fixedly connected with a heating box in a penetrating way, the heating box is fixedly connected with a hot air pipe in a penetrating way, the hot air pipe is fixedly connected with an air outlet in a penetrating way, the inner side wall of the shell is hinged with a water filtering plate, the side wall of the shell is fixedly inserted with an electric telescopic rod, the output end of the electric telescopic rod is fixedly connected with a push-pull plate, the edge of the front side wall of the rotary disc is rotatably connected with a linkage rod, the linkage rod is hinged with a water screening plate, the water screening plate is hinged with the side wall of, the pull rod is hinged to the lower end face of the water filtering plate, the side wall of the discharging plate is connected with a hook, the lower end face of the water tank is fixedly connected with a hanging ring corresponding to the hook, and the motor, the fan, the electric telescopic rod, the switch and an external power supply jointly form a first series circuit through a wire.
Preferably, the top wall of the shell is provided with a feed hopper.
Preferably, the inclined plate is fixedly connected with closely-arranged triangular prisms.
Preferably, the heating box is internally provided with a heating wire, and the heating wire, the switch and an external power supply form a second series circuit together through a lead.
Preferably, the water filtering plate and the water sieving plate are perforated plates, and the aperture is smaller than one millimeter.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that:
1. through adding structures such as an inclined plate, a traction spring, a cam and the like, dust in the seeds can be stirred up through the vibration of the inclined plate and is sucked into the dust filter bag under the action of the fan.
2. Through adding the structure such as trace, sieve water board and basin, can wash away the dust and the piece that have not been aroused with the water, remain the fine sand in the seed in the water.
3. Through adding heating box, hot-blast main and air outlet isotructure, can use hot-blast seed after will soaking to weather, blow away the piece simultaneously, combine the round trip promotion of push-and-pull board for the speed of weathering promotes the screening efficiency of seed.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments will be briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art that other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged schematic view of the structure A of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged schematic view of the structure B of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic side view of the partial structure of the present invention.
In the drawings, the components represented by the respective reference numerals are listed below:
the device comprises a shell 1, a mounting plate 2, an inclined plate 3, a traction spring 4, a rotary table 5, a driven belt wheel 6, a cam 7, a dust hood 8, a dust suction pipe 9, a dust filtering bag 10, a dust removing box 11, a fan 12, a heating box 13, a hot air pipe 14, an air outlet 15, a water filtering plate 16, a push-pull plate 17, an electric telescopic rod 18, a linkage rod 19, a water screening plate 20, a water tank 21, a traction rod 22, a discharge plate 23, a hook 24, a hanging ring 25 and a power belt wheel 26.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments of the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-4, the present invention provides a technical solution: a seed wind power cleaner comprises a shell 1, two mounting plates 2 are fixedly connected to the inner side wall of the shell 1, sliding grooves are formed in the mounting plates 2, the same inclined plate 3 is connected in the two sliding grooves in a sliding mode, the lower side of the inclined plate 3 is connected with the bottom wall of the sliding grooves through a drawing spring 4, a motor is fixedly connected to the inner rear wall of the shell 1, a power belt wheel 26 is fixedly connected to the output end of the motor, a rotary disc 5 is fixedly connected to the front side wall of the power belt wheel 26 in a coaxial mode, the power belt wheel 26 is connected with a driven belt wheel 6 through a belt, a cam 7 is fixedly connected to the rear side wall of the driven belt wheel 6 in a coaxial mode, the edge side wall of the cam 7 is abutted to the inclined plate 3, the center of the rear side face of the cam 7 is rotatably connected with the inner rear wall of the shell 1, a dust collection cover 8 is fixedly connected to the inner rear wall of the, the outer side wall of the shell 1 is fixedly connected with a dust removal box 11, a dust collection pipe 9 fixedly penetrates through the side wall of the dust removal box 11, and the structure can excite dust in seeds through the vibration of the inclined plate 3 and suck the dust into the dust filter bag 10 under the action of the fan 12.
The input of 11 through connections fans 12 of dust removal box, the lateral wall fixed connection of fan 12 and casing 1, the fixed through connections of output of fan 12 has heating box 13, the fixed through connections of heating box 13 has hot-blast main 14, the fixed through connections of hot-blast main 14 has air outlet 15, this structure can use hot-blast seed after will soaking to weather, blows away the piece simultaneously, combines the promotion of making a round trip of push-and-pull plate 17 for the speed of weathering, promote the screening efficiency of seed.
The inner side wall of the shell 1 is hinged with a water filtering plate 16, the side wall of the shell 1 is fixedly inserted with an electric telescopic rod 18, the output end of the electric telescopic rod 18 is fixedly connected with a push-pull plate 17, the edge of the front side wall of the rotary disc 5 is rotatably connected with a linkage rod 19, the linkage rod 19 is hinged with a water screening plate 20, the water screening plate 20 is hinged with the side wall of a water tank 21, the water tank 21 is fixedly connected with the inner side wall of the shell 1, the inner bottom wall of the shell 1 is hinged with a discharge plate 23, the side wall of the discharge plate 23 is hinged with a traction rod 22, the traction rod 22 is hinged with the lower end face of the water filtering plate 16, the side wall of the discharge plate 23 is connected with a hook 24, the lower end face of the water tank 21 is fixedly connected with a hanging, the structure can wash away dust and debris that are not stirred up with water, leaving fine sand in the seeds in the water.
Wherein, the feeder hopper has been seted up to the roof of casing 1, and the triangular prism of closely arranging is connected with to the fixedly connected with on the swash plate 3, installs the heating wire in the heating box 13, and heating wire, switch and external power source pass through the wire and constitute the second series circuit jointly, and drainage 16 and sieve water board 20 are the board of punching, and the aperture is less than a millimeter.
One specific application of this embodiment is: when the second series circuit is connected, the electric heating wire starts to generate heat, the first series circuit is connected, the motor, the fan 12 and the electric telescopic rod 18 start to work, the motor can drive the power belt wheel 26 and the rotary disc 5 to rotate when rotating, the power belt wheel 26 drives the cam 7 to rotate through a belt, the cam 7 can periodically push the inclined plate 3, under the combined action of the traction spring 4, the inclined plate 3 vibrates, when seeds fall down, the vibrating inclined plate 3 can excite dust in the seeds, the fan 12 pumps the dust into the dust filtering bag 10 through the dust suction cover 8 and the dust suction pipe 9, the seeds continuously fall onto the water sieving plate 20, the rest dust and sand can be washed away by water in the water tank 21, the water sieving plate 20 can be gradually pulled out by the linkage rod 19 because the rotary disc 5 drives the linkage rod 19 to move, so that the seeds in the water sieving plate 20 fall onto the water sieving plate 16, and at the moment, wind blown by the fan 12 is heated by the electric heating wire after passing through the heating box 13, hot-blast can carry out the drying to the seed, electric telescopic handle 18 also can drive push-and-pull plate 17 reciprocating motion simultaneously, accelerate dry speed, simultaneously, hot-blast piece in can also blowing out the seed, absorbed by suction hood 8, concentrate on at last in dust bag 10, can take off couple 24 from link 25 after the seed is dry, open play flitch 23, because pull rod 22 connects drainage board 16 and play flitch 23, so the seed can fall out automatically this moment, collect can.
In the description herein, references to the description of "one embodiment," "an example," "a specific example," etc., mean that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above do not necessarily refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples.
The preferred embodiments of the present invention disclosed above are intended only to help illustrate the present invention. The preferred embodiments are not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise embodiments disclosed. Obviously, many modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teaching. The embodiments were chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention and its practical applications, to thereby enable others skilled in the art to best understand the invention for and utilize the invention. The present invention is limited only by the claims and their full scope and equivalents.

Claims (5)

1. A seed wind-force cleaner, includes casing (1), its characterized in that: the inner side wall of the shell (1) is fixedly connected with two mounting plates (2), the mounting plates (2) are provided with sliding grooves, two sliding grooves are internally and slidably connected with the same inclined plate (3), the lower side of the inclined plate (3) is connected with the bottom wall of the sliding groove through a traction spring (4), the inner rear wall of the shell (1) is fixedly connected with a motor, the output end of the motor is fixedly connected with a power belt pulley (26), the front side wall of the power belt pulley (26) is coaxially and fixedly connected with a turntable (5), the power belt pulley (26) is connected with a driven belt pulley (6) through a belt, the rear side wall of the driven belt pulley (6) is coaxially and fixedly connected with a cam (7), the edge side wall of the cam (7) is abutted against the inclined plate (3), the rear side center of the cam (7) is rotatably connected with the inner rear wall of the shell (1), and the inner rear wall of the shell, the dust collection cover (8) is connected with one end of a dust collection pipe (9) in a penetrating manner, the other end of the dust collection pipe (9) is fixedly connected with a dust filter bag (10) in a penetrating manner after penetrating through the rear side wall of the shell (1), the outer side wall of the shell (1) is fixedly connected with a dust removal box (11), the dust collection pipe (9) is fixedly connected with the side wall of the dust removal box (11), the dust removal box (11) is connected with the input end of a fan (12) in a penetrating manner, the fan (12) is fixedly connected with the outer side wall of the shell (1), the output end of the fan (12) is fixedly connected with a heating box (13) in a penetrating manner, the heating box (13) is fixedly connected with a hot air pipe (14) in a penetrating manner, the hot air pipe (14) is fixedly connected with an air outlet (15) in a penetrating manner, the inner side wall of the shell (1, the output end of the electric telescopic rod (18) is fixedly connected with a push-pull plate (17), the edge of the front side wall of the turntable (5) is rotationally connected with a linkage rod (19), the linkage rod (19) is hinged with a water sieving plate (20), the water sieving plate (20) is hinged with the side wall of the water tank (21), the water tank (21) is fixedly connected with the inner side wall of the shell (1), the inner bottom wall of the shell (1) is hinged with a discharging plate (23), the side wall of the discharging plate (23) is hinged with a traction rod (22), the traction rod (22) is hinged with the lower end face of the water filtering plate (16), the side wall of the discharging plate (23) is connected with a hook (24), the lower end surface of the water tank (21) is fixedly connected with a hanging ring (25) corresponding to the hook (24), the motor, the fan (12), the electric telescopic rod (18), the switch and an external power supply form a first series circuit together through wires.
2. A seed pneumatic cleaner according to claim 1, characterized in that: the top wall of the shell (1) is provided with a feed hopper.
3. A seed pneumatic cleaner according to claim 1, characterized in that: the inclined plate (3) is fixedly connected with triangular prisms which are closely arranged.
4. A seed pneumatic cleaner according to claim 1, characterized in that: and an electric heating wire is arranged in the heating box (13), and the electric heating wire, the switch and an external power supply form a second series circuit together through a lead.
5. A seed pneumatic cleaner according to claim 1, characterized in that: the water filtering plate (16) and the water filtering plate (20) are perforated plates, and the aperture is smaller than one millimeter.
CN201922197124.4U 2019-12-10 2019-12-10 Seed wind power cleaning and sorting machine Active CN211613434U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922197124.4U CN211613434U (en) 2019-12-10 2019-12-10 Seed wind power cleaning and sorting machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922197124.4U CN211613434U (en) 2019-12-10 2019-12-10 Seed wind power cleaning and sorting machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211613434U true CN211613434U (en) 2020-10-02

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201922197124.4U Active CN211613434U (en) 2019-12-10 2019-12-10 Seed wind power cleaning and sorting machine

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112492990A (en) * 2020-11-17 2021-03-16 湖南省东方龙电机制造有限公司 Automatic hay cutter of material loading

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112492990A (en) * 2020-11-17 2021-03-16 湖南省东方龙电机制造有限公司 Automatic hay cutter of material loading

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