CN211565962U - Robot joint structure and robot - Google Patents

Robot joint structure and robot Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211565962U
CN211565962U CN201922492725.8U CN201922492725U CN211565962U CN 211565962 U CN211565962 U CN 211565962U CN 201922492725 U CN201922492725 U CN 201922492725U CN 211565962 U CN211565962 U CN 211565962U
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China
Prior art keywords
joint
output shaft
shaft
rotor
motor
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Active
Application number
CN201922492725.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李建
丁宏钰
李友朋
庞建新
熊友军
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Ubtech Robotics Corp
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Ubtech Robotics Corp
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Priority to CN201922492725.8U priority Critical patent/CN211565962U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN211565962U publication Critical patent/CN211565962U/en
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Abstract

The application belongs to the technical field of humanoid service robots and relates to a robot joint structure and a robot. In the robot joint structure, a motor component adopts an outer rotor form, a rotor is sleeved outside a stator, and a motor shaft is fixed on the rotor. The wave generator in the harmonic reducer is arranged on a motor shaft, the flexible gear is driven by the wave generator and meshed with the rigid gear, and the joint output shaft is fixed on the flexible gear. When the flexible gear works, the motor shaft drives the wave generator to rotate at a high speed, the wave generator enables the flexible gear to generate flexible deformation, the flexible gear and the rigid gear are in meshing transmission, and power is output through the joint output shaft to rotate at a low speed. And detecting the rotation angle of the joint output shaft by adopting an output end encoder. The robot joint has the advantages of compact structure, reduced axial size, reduced volume and weight, and suitability for light weight and compact layout of the robot.

Description

Robot joint structure and robot
Technical Field
The application belongs to the technical field of humanoid service robots and relates to a robot joint structure and a robot.
Background
At present, traditional robot joint structure all adopts motor element axial butt joint speed reducer, can make robot joint structure's axial dimension long like this, and space utilization is not abundant, leads to robot joint structure's bulky, and weight is heavy.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the embodiment of the application is to provide a robot joint structure and a robot, so as to solve the technical problem that the existing robot joint structure is large in size.
The embodiment of the application provides a robot joint structure, includes:
a housing;
the motor assembly comprises a stator arranged in the shell, a rotor sleeved outside the stator and a motor shaft coaxially fixed on the rotor;
the harmonic reducer comprises a rigid gear fixed on the stator, a wave generator arranged on a motor shaft, and a flexible gear meshed with the rigid gear and driven by the wave generator;
the joint output shaft is coaxially fixed on the flexible gear;
the output end encoder is used for detecting the rotation angle of the joint output shaft; and
and the motor driver is electrically connected with the output end encoder, and the motor driver and the joint output shaft are respectively positioned on two sides of the motor assembly in the axial direction.
Optionally, the flexspline has an insertion hole through which the motor shaft passes, the motor shaft has a through hole passing through along the axial direction, the joint output shaft is coaxially fixed with a connecting shaft, and the connecting shaft passes through the through hole; the output end encoder comprises a first sensed piece arranged at one end of the connecting shaft and a first sensed piece matched with the first sensed piece to detect the rotation angle of the joint output shaft.
Optionally, the robot joint structure further comprises a motor end encoder for detecting a rotation angle of the rotor; the motor end encoder comprises a second sensed piece arranged on the rotor and a second sensing piece matched with the second sensed piece to detect the rotation angle of the rotor;
the first sensed piece is enclosed in the second sensed piece.
Optionally, the rotor is provided with a mounting seat, the second sensed part is fixed on the mounting seat, the mounting seat is provided with a through hole for the connecting shaft to pass through, and the connecting shaft is supported on the mounting seat through a first bearing.
Optionally, the rotor has a receiving cavity, the harmonic reducer is disposed inside the rotor, and at least a portion of the motor shaft is disposed inside the rotor.
Optionally, the rotor include with stator interval and relative annular portion that sets up, with the installation department that the annular portion set up along axial interval, and connect in annular portion with a plurality of linking arms between the installation department, adjacent two form the fretwork space between the linking arm.
Optionally, a support cover is fixed on the rigid wheel, the support cover has a through hole for the motor shaft to pass through, the motor shaft is supported on the support cover through a second bearing, and the motor shaft is supported on the joint output shaft through a third bearing.
Optionally, the flexible gear includes a cylindrical portion and an inner ring portion connected to an edge of one end of the cylindrical portion, the cylindrical portion is sleeved outside the wave generator and engaged with the rigid gear, and the inner ring portion is fixed to the joint output shaft.
Optionally, the housing includes a cylindrical shell and a base mounted at one end of the cylindrical shell, the base has a through hole for the joint output shaft to pass through, and the joint output shaft is supported on the base through a fourth bearing.
Optionally, the base is provided with a first mounting groove for accommodating an outer ring of the fourth bearing, the joint output shaft is provided with a second mounting groove for accommodating an inner ring of the fourth bearing, and the first mounting groove and the second mounting groove form a mounting position of the fourth bearing; the base is provided with an outer ring gland used for axially limiting the outer ring of the fourth bearing, the joint output shaft is provided with an inner ring gland used for axially limiting the inner ring of the fourth bearing, and the outer ring gland and the inner ring gland are located on the same side of the fourth bearing.
Optionally, an annular fixed seat is fixed on the base, the rigid wheel is mounted on the annular fixed seat, and the flexible wheel penetrates through the interior of the annular fixed seat;
the stator is sleeved outside the base; and/or the stator is sleeved outside the annular fixed seat.
Optionally, both ends of the cylindrical shell are provided with openings, the housing further includes a tailstock installed at one end of the cylindrical shell facing away from the joint output shaft, and the motor driver is disposed in the tailstock.
The embodiment of the application provides a robot, which comprises the robot joint structure.
One or more technical solutions provided in the embodiments of the present application have at least one of the following technical effects: in the robot joint structure, a motor component adopts an outer rotor form, a rotor is sleeved outside a stator, and a motor shaft is fixed on the rotor. The wave generator in the harmonic reducer is arranged on a motor shaft, the flexible gear is driven by the wave generator and meshed with the rigid gear, and the joint output shaft is fixed on the flexible gear. When the flexible gear works, the motor shaft drives the wave generator to rotate at a high speed, the wave generator enables the flexible gear to generate flexible deformation, the flexible gear and the rigid gear are in meshing transmission, and power is output through the joint output shaft to rotate at a low speed. And detecting the rotation angle of the joint output shaft by adopting an output end encoder. The robot joint has the advantages of compact structure, reduced axial size, reduced volume and weight, and suitability for light weight and compact layout of the robot.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application, the drawings needed to be used in the embodiments or the prior art descriptions will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present application, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art to obtain other drawings based on these drawings without inventive exercise.
Fig. 1 is a perspective assembly view of a robot joint structure provided in an embodiment of the present application;
FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view of the robotic joint structure of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is an exploded perspective view of a motor assembly used in the robot joint structure of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view of a harmonic reducer employed in the robotic joint structure of FIG. 2;
fig. 5 is an exploded perspective view of a base, a joint output shaft, a connecting shaft and a fourth bearing applied to the robot joint structure of fig. 2;
fig. 6 is a sectional view of the robot joint structure of fig. 1.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical problems, technical solutions and advantageous effects to be solved by the present application clearer, the present application is further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present application and are not intended to limit the present application.
In the description of the embodiments of the present application, it is to be understood that the terms "length," "width," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," and the like refer to orientations and positional relationships illustrated in the drawings, which are used for convenience in describing the embodiments of the present application and for simplicity in description, and do not indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, are not to be construed as limiting the embodiments of the present application.
Furthermore, the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present application, "a plurality" means two or more unless specifically limited otherwise.
In the embodiments of the present application, unless otherwise specifically stated or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "fixed" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally formed; can be mechanically or electrically connected; either directly or indirectly through intervening media, either internally or in any other relationship. The specific meanings of the above terms in the embodiments of the present application can be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art according to specific situations.
Referring to fig. 1 to 3 and fig. 6, an embodiment of the present application provides a robot joint structure, which includes a housing 10, a motor assembly 20, a harmonic reducer 30, a joint output shaft 40, an output encoder 50, and a motor driver 60. The motor assembly 20 includes a stator 21 disposed in the housing 10, a rotor 22 sleeved outside the stator 21, and a motor shaft 23 coaxially fixed to the rotor 22. When the stator 21 is energized, a rotating magnetic field is generated, and the rotor 22 is rotated by the rotating magnetic field, and power is transmitted through the motor shaft 23.
Referring also to fig. 4, the harmonic reducer 30 includes a rigid gear 31 fixed to the stator 21, a wave generator 32 mounted on the motor shaft 23, and a flexible gear 33 engaged with the rigid gear 31 and driven by the wave generator 32. The wave generator 32 includes cams 321 having different radial lengths and rolling bearings 322 provided outside the cams 321. The flexspline 33 is fitted to the outside of the wave generator 32. The rigid wheel 31 is provided with an inner gear ring 311, the flexible wheel 33 is provided with an outer gear ring 332, and the inner gear ring 311 is meshed with the outer gear ring 332. When the motor works, the motor shaft 23 drives the wave generator 32, the wave generator 32 rotates to enable the flexible gear 33 to generate flexible deformation, and the rigid gear 31 and the flexible gear 33 are in meshing transmission to realize power transmission. The joint output shaft 40 is coaxially fixed to the flexspline 33, and power output is achieved.
The output encoder 50 is used to detect the rotational angle of the joint output shaft 40. The motor driver 60 is electrically connected to the output encoder 50. The motor driver 60 is typically a circuit board assembly for controlling the motor assembly 20. The motor driver 60 is disposed in the housing 10, and is compact. The motor driver 60 and the joint output shaft 40 are located on both sides of the motor assembly 20 in the axial direction, respectively.
Compared with the prior art, the robot joint structure provided by the application has the advantages that the motor component 20 adopts an outer rotor form, the rotor 22 is sleeved outside the stator 21, and the rotor 22 is fixed with the motor shaft 23. The wave generator 32 of the harmonic reducer 30 is mounted on the motor shaft 23, the flexible gear 33 is driven by the wave generator 32 and engaged with the rigid gear 31, and the joint output shaft 40 is fixed to the flexible gear 33. When the flexible gear works, the motor shaft 23 drives the wave generator 32 to rotate at a high speed, the wave generator 32 enables the flexible gear 33 to generate flexible deformation, the flexible gear 33 is in meshing transmission with the rigid gear 31, and power is output through the joint output shaft 40 to rotate at a low speed. The rotational angle of the joint output shaft 40 is detected using the output-side encoder 50. The robot joint has the advantages of compact structure, reduced axial size, reduced volume and weight, and suitability for light weight and compact layout of the robot.
Referring to fig. 3, 5 and 6, in another embodiment of the present application, the flexspline 33 has an insertion hole 334 through which the motor shaft 23 passes, the motor shaft 23 has a through hole 231 passing through along the axial direction, the joint output shaft 40 is coaxially fixed with the connecting shaft 42, and the connecting shaft 42 passes through the through hole 231; the output end encoder 50 includes a first sensed member 51 provided at one end of the connecting shaft 42, and a first sensing member 52 cooperating with the first sensed member 51 to detect the rotation angle of the joint output shaft 40. By adopting the scheme, the motor shaft 23 can penetrate through the flexible gear 33, and then the output end encoder 50 and the joint output shaft 40 are respectively arranged at the two axial ends of the motor assembly 20, so that power can be output through the joint output shaft 40, the rotation angle of the joint output shaft 40 can be detected through the output end encoder 50, and the whole structure is compact. Wherein, the connecting shaft 42 can be fixed on the joint output shaft 40 by bolts or other methods. The first sensed member 51 may be bonded or otherwise fixed to one end of the connecting shaft 42.
The output-side encoder 50 is used to detect the rotational position of the joint output shaft 40 with high accuracy. The output encoder 50 may be a magnetic encoder, an optical encoder, or other encoder, as is known in the art.
When the magnetic encoder is used, the magnet serves as the first sensed member 51, and the magnetic encoding chip serves as the first sensing member 52. When the joint output shaft 40 rotates, the magnet, the connecting shaft 42 and the joint output shaft 40 rotate synchronously, the rotation of the magnet can cause the change of the magnetic field intensity, and after the magnetic coding chip detects the change of the magnetic field intensity, the rotary motion of the magnet is converted into pulse output to reflect the current rotation angle.
When the photoelectric encoder is used, the photoelectric code disc serves as the first sensed member 51, and the photoelectric detection device serves as the first sensing member 52. The photoelectric code disc is formed by equally opening a plurality of rectangular holes on a circular plate with a certain diameter. The photoelectric detection device comprises a light-emitting diode and a photosensitive tube which are respectively arranged at two sides of the photoelectric code disc. When the joint output shaft 40 rotates, the photoelectric coded disc rotates synchronously with the joint output shaft 40 and the connecting shaft 42, the light emitting diode emits light signals, the photosensitive tube receives the light signals passing through the rectangular hole of the photoelectric coded disc, the photoelectric detection device outputs a plurality of pulse signals, and the current rotation angle can be reflected by calculating the number of pulses output by the photoelectric encoder.
Referring to fig. 3 and 6, in another embodiment of the present application, the robot joint structure further includes a motor-end encoder 70 for detecting a rotation angle of the rotor 22; the motor-end encoder 70 includes a second sensed member 71 provided on the rotor 22, and a second sensing member (not shown) cooperating with the second sensed member 71 to detect the rotation angle of the rotor 22; the second sensed member 71 is annular, and the first sensed member 51 is enclosed in the second sensed member 71. The motor-end encoder 70 is used to detect the rotational position of the motor shaft 23 with high accuracy. Similar to the output-side encoder 50, the motor-side encoder 70 may be a magnetic encoder, a photoelectric encoder, or other encoder, which will not be described in detail.
In another embodiment of the present application, the first sensing element 52 and the second sensing element can be disposed on the motor driver 60 at the same time, and both the first sensing element 52 and the second sensing element are electrically connected to the motor driver 60, so that the assembly is easy and the structure is compact.
Referring to fig. 3 and 6, in another embodiment of the present application, a mounting seat 72 is disposed on the rotor 22, the second sensed member 71 can be fixed on the mounting seat 72 by bonding or other methods, and the mounting seat 72 has a through hole for the connection shaft 42 to pass through. With this arrangement, it is convenient to fit the second sensed member 71 to the rotor 22 at a predetermined position. The connecting shaft 42 is supported on the mount 72 by a first bearing 81. The first bearing 81 is provided to ensure that the connecting shaft 42 is rotated at a predetermined position to accurately detect the rotation angle of the joint output shaft 40 and prevent the connecting shaft 42 from deviating from a predetermined axis.
Referring to fig. 2 and 6, in another embodiment of the present application, the rotor 22 has a receiving cavity 221, the harmonic reducer 30 is disposed inside the rotor 22, and at least a portion of the motor shaft 23 is disposed inside the rotor 22. This solution makes full use of the inner space of the outer rotor 22, and the harmonic reducer 30 and the motor shaft 23 are disposed inside the rotor 22, so that the axial dimension of the motor assembly 20 is reduced, and the joint structural volume and weight are reduced. The axial dimension of the stator 21 in an outer rotor motor can be made smaller compared to an inner rotor motor, making the axial dimension of the motor assembly 20 smaller.
Referring to fig. 3 and 6, in another embodiment of the present application, the rotor 22 includes an annular portion 222 spaced apart from and opposite to the stator 21, and a mounting portion 223 axially spaced apart from the annular portion 222, the mounting portion 223 being used for connecting with an end of the motor shaft 23, for example, using a bolt. The rotor 22 further includes a plurality of connecting arms 224 connected between the annular portion 222 and the mounting portion 223, and a hollow 225 is formed between two adjacent connecting arms 224. With this arrangement, it is possible to form a space for accommodating the harmonic reducer 30 and to reduce the size of the motor assembly 20 in the axial direction, thereby reducing the volume and weight of the entire joint structure. A plurality of apertures 225 are formed in the rotor 22 to facilitate airflow around the rotor 22 to dissipate heat from the motor assembly 20 for improved reliability.
Referring to fig. 4 and 6, in another embodiment of the present application, a supporting cover 13 is fixed on the rigid wheel 31, the supporting cover 13 has a through hole 131 for the motor shaft 23 to pass through, the motor shaft 23 is supported on the supporting cover 13 through a second bearing 82, and the motor shaft 23 is supported on the joint output shaft 40 through a third bearing 83. With this arrangement, smooth rotation of the motor shaft 23 is facilitated to reliably transmit power to the joint output shaft 40, so that the joint output shaft 40 can bear radial and axial loads, and deviation of the motor shaft 23 from a predetermined axis during operation is avoided. Specifically, the second bearing 82 and the third bearing 83 may be deep groove ball bearings capable of bearing radial loads and axial loads.
Referring to fig. 3 and 6, in another embodiment of the present application, a mounting ring 232 is disposed on an outer periphery of the motor shaft 23, and the wave generator 32 is fixed to the mounting ring 232. A mounting ring 232 is provided to facilitate quick positional assembly of the wave generator 32 to the motor shaft 23. The wave generator 32 may be bolted to the motor shaft 23 so that assembly is easy and the connection is reliable.
Referring to fig. 4 and 6, in another embodiment of the present application, the flexspline 33 includes a cylindrical portion 331 and an inner ring portion 333 connected to an edge of one end of the cylindrical portion 331, the cylindrical portion 331 is sleeved outside the wave generator 32 and engaged with the rigid spline 31, and the inner ring portion 333 is fixed to the joint output shaft 40. By adopting the scheme, the motor shaft 23 can be arranged in the cylindrical part 331 and extend out of the jack 334 of the inner ring part 333, and the output end encoder 50 and the joint output shaft 40 are respectively arranged at the two axial ends of the motor component 20, so that power can be output through the joint output shaft 40, the rotation angle of the joint output shaft 40 can be detected through the output end encoder 50, and the whole structure is compact. The inner ring part 333 of the flexspline 33 is provided with a press piece 34, and the flexspline 33 is fixed to the joint output shaft 40 by passing the press piece 34 and the inner ring part 333 in this order with a bolt and screwing them to the joint output shaft 40.
Referring to fig. 2, 5 and 6, in another embodiment of the present application, the housing 10 includes a cylindrical shell 11 and a base 12 mounted at one end of the cylindrical shell 11, the base 12 has a through hole 121 for the joint output shaft 40 to pass through, and the joint output shaft 40 is supported on the base 12 through a fourth bearing 84. With the housing 10 including the cylindrical case 11 and the base 12, the cylindrical case 11 and the base 12 can be easily manufactured and assembled. With this arrangement, the joint output shaft 40 can rotate smoothly to output power, so that the joint output shaft 40 can bear a large load, and the joint output shaft 40 is prevented from deviating from the predetermined axis during operation. The fourth bearing 84 may be a cross roller bearing, which is a bearing in which an inner ring is divided and an outer ring rotates, and has high rigidity, and a bearing gap is adjustable, so that high-precision rotational motion can be obtained.
Referring to fig. 6, in another embodiment of the present application, the base 12 is provided with air holes 122 communicated with the inside of the cylindrical shell 11 for facilitating air flow and achieving heat dissipation of the motor assembly 20.
Referring to fig. 5 and 6, in another embodiment of the present application, the base 12 is provided with a first mounting groove 123 for accommodating an outer ring of the fourth bearing 84, the joint output shaft 40 is provided with a second mounting groove 41 for accommodating an inner ring of the fourth bearing 84, and the first mounting groove 123 and the second mounting groove 41 form a mounting position of the fourth bearing 84; the base 12 is provided with an outer ring gland 91 for axially limiting an outer ring of the fourth bearing 84, the joint output shaft 40 is provided with an inner ring gland 92 for axially limiting an inner ring of the fourth bearing 84, and the outer ring gland 91 and the inner ring gland 92 are located on the same side of the fourth bearing 84. The fourth bearing 84 is restrained at the mounting position by the outer ring cover 91 and the inner ring cover 92, so that the joint output shaft 40 is easily stably supported at the through hole 121 of the base 12, and the joint output shaft 40 is reliably rotatably mounted on the base 12.
Referring to fig. 2, 4 and 6, in another embodiment of the present application, the annular fixing base 14 is fixed on the base 12, and the rigid wheel 31 is installed on the annular fixing base 14. In this way, the base 12, the ring-shaped fixing base 14, and the rigid wheel 31 are easily manufactured and assembled. Wherein, the rigid wheel 31 can be fixed on the annular fixed seat 14 by bolts or other methods. The flexible gear 33 passes through the inside of the annular fixed seat 14, so that the axial size of the joint structure can be effectively reduced, and the occupied space of the whole structure is smaller.
In another embodiment of the present application, the stator 21 is sleeved outside the base 12 and the annular fixing seat 14. It is understood that the stator 21 may be disposed on only one of the base 12 and the annular fixing seat 14. During assembly, the inner surface of the stator 21 can be fixed on the annular fixed seat 14 by means of gluing, and then the annular fixed seat 14 and the base 12 are connected by means of bolt connection, so that the assembly is easy and the connection is reliable.
Referring to fig. 2 and 6, in another embodiment of the present application, both ends of the cylindrical shell 11 are open, the housing 10 further includes a tail seat 15 installed at an end of the cylindrical shell 11 opposite to the joint output shaft 40, and the motor driver 60 is disposed in the tail seat 15. With this solution, the motor drive 60 can be protected, so that the robot joint structure acts as an independent component.
Referring to fig. 1 and 6, in another embodiment of the present application, a robot is provided, which includes the above-mentioned robot joint structure. In the robot joint structure, the motor assembly 20 is in the form of an outer rotor, the rotor 22 is sleeved outside the stator 21, and the rotor 22 is fixed with a motor shaft 23. The wave generator 32 of the harmonic reducer 30 is mounted on the motor shaft 23, the flexible gear 33 is driven by the wave generator 32 and engaged with the rigid gear 31, and the joint output shaft 40 is fixed to the flexible gear 33. When the flexible gear works, the motor shaft 23 drives the wave generator 32 to rotate at a high speed, the wave generator 32 enables the flexible gear 33 to generate flexible deformation, the flexible gear 33 is in meshing transmission with the rigid gear 31, and power is output through the joint output shaft 40 to rotate at a low speed. The rotational angle of the joint output shaft 40 is detected using the output-side encoder 50. The robot joint has the advantages of compact structure, reduced axial size, reduced volume and weight, and suitability for light weight and compact layout of the robot.
The present invention is not intended to be limited to the particular embodiments shown and described, but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and novel features herein disclosed.

Claims (13)

1. A robot joint structure, comprising:
a housing;
the motor assembly comprises a stator arranged in the shell, a rotor sleeved outside the stator and a motor shaft coaxially fixed on the rotor;
the harmonic reducer comprises a rigid gear fixed on the stator, a wave generator arranged on a motor shaft, and a flexible gear meshed with the rigid gear and driven by the wave generator;
the joint output shaft is coaxially fixed on the flexible gear;
the output end encoder is used for detecting the rotation angle of the joint output shaft; and
and the motor driver is electrically connected with the output end encoder, and the motor driver and the joint output shaft are respectively positioned on two sides of the motor assembly in the axial direction.
2. The robot joint structure according to claim 1, wherein the flexspline has an insertion hole through which the motor shaft passes, the motor shaft has a through hole that passes in an axial direction, and the joint output shaft is coaxially fixed with a connecting shaft that passes through the through hole; the output end encoder comprises a first sensed piece arranged at one end of the connecting shaft and a first sensed piece matched with the first sensed piece to detect the rotation angle of the joint output shaft.
3. The robot joint structure according to claim 2, further comprising a motor-end encoder for detecting a rotation angle of the rotor; the motor end encoder comprises a second sensed piece arranged on the rotor and a second sensing piece matched with the second sensed piece to detect the rotation angle of the rotor;
the first sensed piece is enclosed in the second sensed piece.
4. A robot joint structure according to claim 3, wherein the rotor is provided with a mounting seat, the second sensed member is fixed to the mounting seat, the mounting seat has a through hole through which the connecting shaft passes, and the connecting shaft is supported by the mounting seat through a first bearing.
5. The robot joint structure of claim 1, wherein the rotor has a receiving cavity, the harmonic reducer is provided inside the rotor, and at least a part of the motor shaft is provided inside the rotor.
6. The robot joint structure of claim 5, wherein the rotor includes an annular portion spaced apart from and opposed to the stator, an installation portion axially spaced apart from the annular portion, and a plurality of connecting arms connected between the annular portion and the installation portion, a hollow space being formed between adjacent two of the connecting arms.
7. A robot joint structure according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein a support cover is fixed to the rigid wheel, the support cover has a through hole through which the motor shaft passes, the motor shaft is supported by the support cover through a second bearing, and the motor shaft is supported by the joint output shaft through a third bearing.
8. A robot joint structure according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the flexspline comprises a cylindrical portion and an inner ring portion connected to an edge of one end of the cylindrical portion, the cylindrical portion being fitted outside the wave generator and engaged with the rigid spline, the inner ring portion being fixed to the joint output shaft.
9. A robot joint structure according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the housing includes a cylindrical shell and a base mounted to one end of the cylindrical shell, the base having a through hole through which the joint output shaft passes, the joint output shaft being supported on the base by a fourth bearing.
10. The robot joint structure of claim 9, wherein the base defines a first mounting groove for receiving an outer race of the fourth bearing, the joint output shaft defines a second mounting groove for receiving an inner race of the fourth bearing, and the first mounting groove and the second mounting groove form a mounting location for the fourth bearing; the base is provided with an outer ring gland used for axially limiting the outer ring of the fourth bearing, the joint output shaft is provided with an inner ring gland used for axially limiting the inner ring of the fourth bearing, and the outer ring gland and the inner ring gland are located on the same side of the fourth bearing.
11. The robot joint structure of claim 9, wherein the base is fixed with an annular fixing seat, the rigid wheel is mounted on the annular fixing seat, and the flexible wheel passes through the inside of the annular fixing seat;
the stator is sleeved outside the base; and/or the stator is sleeved outside the annular fixed seat.
12. A robot joint structure according to claim 9, wherein both ends of the cylindrical case are open, the housing further includes a tail base mounted to an end of the cylindrical case facing away from the joint output shaft, and the motor driver is provided in the tail base.
13. A robot comprising a robot joint structure according to any one of claims 1 to 12.
CN201922492725.8U 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 Robot joint structure and robot Active CN211565962U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922492725.8U CN211565962U (en) 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 Robot joint structure and robot

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922492725.8U CN211565962U (en) 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 Robot joint structure and robot

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211565962U true CN211565962U (en) 2020-09-25

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201922492725.8U Active CN211565962U (en) 2019-12-31 2019-12-31 Robot joint structure and robot

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112743567A (en) * 2020-12-28 2021-05-04 深圳市优必选科技股份有限公司 Steering wheel module and robot
CN112936246A (en) * 2021-02-19 2021-06-11 苏州汇川技术有限公司 Motor speed reduction system and robot

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112743567A (en) * 2020-12-28 2021-05-04 深圳市优必选科技股份有限公司 Steering wheel module and robot
CN112936246A (en) * 2021-02-19 2021-06-11 苏州汇川技术有限公司 Motor speed reduction system and robot

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