CN211526971U - Snakegourd fruit heat treatment integrated device - Google Patents

Snakegourd fruit heat treatment integrated device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211526971U
CN211526971U CN202020049052.9U CN202020049052U CN211526971U CN 211526971 U CN211526971 U CN 211526971U CN 202020049052 U CN202020049052 U CN 202020049052U CN 211526971 U CN211526971 U CN 211526971U
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device main
main body
motor
material collecting
treatment integrated
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CN202020049052.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
向敏
燕傲蕾
郭慧
刘露
邢爽
木魁
范飞
魏秀兰
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Bozhou University
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Bozhou University
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a trichosanthes seed heat treatment integrated device, including the device main part, the fixed hopper that is provided with in up end left side of device main part, the inside of device main part has outer protective barrel and is located the riveting under the hopper, outer protective barrel internal rotation is provided with the runner, the riveting has the motor casing on the preceding terminal surface of device main part, first motor has been placed in the motor casing, first motor rotates through the shaft coupling and is connected with the pivot, a tip of pivot and the inside intermediate position department splined connection of runner. A trichosanthes seed thermal treatment integrated device, design air heater, make full use of air heater has the characteristics of selection by winnowing function, blows partial impurity and dust right, is collected by a plurality of groups dust removal sack of one side, reaches the purpose of screening, deashing, and remaining material is also in time collected by the aggregate cylinder, obtains drying for the first time at the in-process of selection by winnowing, is suitable for different working conditions, brings better use prospect.

Description

Snakegourd fruit heat treatment integrated device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a trichosanthes processing field, in particular to trichosanthes seed heat treatment integrated device.
Background
The snakegourd fruit is a perennial climbing type herbaceous plant which is favored to grow in the mountain cliff stone seam formed by the steep mountains of the deep mountains and the thorn clusters, and the fruit, the peel, the kernel (seed) and the rhizome of the snakegourd fruit are superior traditional Chinese medicinal materials; because trichosanthes fruit water content is great, difficult the saving, therefore, need carry out drying process to trichosanthes before processing, current relevant drying equipment of trichosanthes has a plurality ofly, but all have following one or several defects, temperature control is improper during first stoving, lead to partial trichosanthes seed to be burnt, lack agitating unit during the second is dried, it is inhomogeneous to lead to the trichosanthes seed to dry, the unable complete discharge of steam that third equipment produced, lead to the steam secondary to be attached to the trichosanthes seed, the heat that produces during the fourth is dried can not reutilization or cyclic utilization, processing cost has been improved, fifth trichosanthes seed generally can carry out preliminary treatment dust removal and screening before drying, current drying equipment can not accomplish, for this reason, we propose a trichosanthes seed heat treatment integrated device.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model discloses a main aim at provides a snakegourd fruit seed heat treatment integrated device, can effectively solve the problem in the background art.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
a snakegourd fruit heat treatment integrated device comprises a device main body, wherein a hopper is fixedly arranged on the left side of the upper end face of the device main body, an outer protective barrel is riveted inside the device main body and located right below the hopper, a rotating wheel is rotationally arranged in the outer protective barrel, a motor shell is riveted on the front end face of the device main body, a first motor is placed in the motor shell and is rotatably connected with a rotating shaft through a coupler, one end of the rotating shaft is in splined connection with the middle position inside the rotating wheel, two groups of material conveying grooves are symmetrically formed in the wheel face of the rotating wheel, the hopper is communicated with the outer protective barrel through a feeding hole, and a discharging hole is formed in the bottom of the outer protective barrel;
the device comprises a device main body, and is characterized in that an air heater is fixedly installed on the side surface of the device main body, the air heater horizontally extends towards the inside of the device main body and is provided with an air guide pipe, a plurality of groups of dust removal cloth bags are laid in the device main body and positioned on one side of the air guide pipe, a material collecting barrel is fixedly arranged in the device main body and positioned below the air guide pipe in an inclined manner, the upper end part of the material collecting barrel is connected with a material guide plate, a second motor is erected at the bottom of the device main body, a speed reducer is arranged at the upper end of the second motor, a rotating rod is rotatably arranged on the second motor through the speed reducer and extends upwards into the material collecting barrel, and;
the device comprises a device body and is characterized in that a vacuum pump is fixedly arranged at the upper end of the device body and on one side of a hopper, a circulating pipe group is fixedly arranged at the inner wall of the right side of the device body, an air guide cover is fixedly arranged at the upper end of the circulating pipe group, the lower end of the vacuum pump is communicated with the air guide cover, a heat insulation layer is filled on the outer side surface of the circulating pipe group, a hollow part is arranged in the material collecting cylinder, the lower end of the circulating pipe group is communicated with the hollow part, a plurality of groups of air holes are uniformly formed in the inner surface of the hollow part, and a plurality of.
Preferably, the right side face of the device main body is welded with the supporting legs downwards, and the front end face of the device main body is movably provided with a sliding door and communicated with the material collecting barrel.
Preferably, the sizes of the feed inlet and the discharge outlet are matched with the two groups of material conveying grooves, and the wheel surface of the rotating wheel is tightly attached to the inner wall of the outer protective cylinder.
Preferably, the first motor and the second motor are both constant-speed motors, and the air guide pipe is arranged obliquely below the discharge hole.
Preferably, the honeycomb drying holes are obliquely and upwards arranged and drying agents are placed in the honeycomb drying holes, a discharge valve is installed at the bottom of the material collecting cylinder, and a pressure release opening is formed in the outer side face of the material collecting cylinder.
The utility model discloses an improve and provide a snakegourd fruit seed heat treatment integrated device here, compare with prior art, have as follows showing improvement and advantage:
(1) the uniform rotating wheel is designed, materials are conveyed and supplied downwards through the ends of the two groups of material conveying grooves, the blanking amount can be effectively controlled, and subsequent winnowing work is facilitated.
(2) Design the air heater, make full use of air heater has the characteristics of selection by winnowing function, blows partial impurity and dust to the right, is collected by a plurality of groups of dust removal sack of one side, reaches the purpose of screening, deashing, and remaining material is also in time collected by the feed cylinder, obtains drying for the first time at the in-process of selection by winnowing.
(3) The circulating pipe group is designed, the generated heat is secondarily utilized by suction of the vacuum pump, hot air is diffused in the hollow part, and air flow is inwards sprayed from the plurality of groups of air holes to secondarily dry the internal snakegourd seeds.
(4) The spiral stirring sheet is designed, and the accumulated materials are slowly stirred under the driving of the rotating rod, so that the materials are dried more uniformly, and the airflow circulation is facilitated.
(5) When the water vapor generated by drying moves upwards, the water vapor passes through a plurality of groups of honeycomb drying holes and is adsorbed by the drying agent in the honeycomb drying holes, so that the water vapor is effectively removed, and the secondary pollution of the material is prevented.
(6) The whole device is simple in design and convenient to operate, can overcome all the defects mentioned in the background technology, reduces the production cost, improves the working efficiency, and has a better using effect compared with the traditional mode.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of a snakegourd fruit seed heat treatment integrated device of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an internal view of the present invention shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of the material collecting barrel of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a specific structure diagram of the runner of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a device main body; 2. a hopper; 3. an outer protective cylinder; 4. a rotating wheel; 5. a motor housing; 6. a first motor; 7. a rotating shaft; 8. a material conveying groove; 9. a feed inlet; 10. a discharge port; 11. a hot air blower; 12. an air guide pipe; 13. a dust removal cloth bag; 14. a material collecting barrel; 15. a material guide plate; 16. a second motor; 17. a speed reducer; 18. a rotating rod; 19. a spiral stirring sheet; 20. a vacuum pump; 21. a circulating pipe group; 22. a wind scooper; 23. sliding the door; 24. a heat-insulating layer; 25. a hollow part; 26. air holes are formed; 27. honeycomb drying holes; 28. and (7) supporting legs.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1-4, a snakegourd fruit seed heat treatment integrated device comprises a device main body 1, wherein a hopper 2 is fixedly arranged on the left side of the upper end surface of the device main body 1, an outer protective barrel 3 is riveted inside the device main body 1 and located right below the hopper 2, a rotating wheel 4 is rotatably arranged in the outer protective barrel 3, a motor shell 5 is riveted on the front end surface of the device main body 1, a first motor 6 is arranged in the motor shell 5, the first motor 6 is rotatably connected with a rotating shaft 7 through a coupler, one end part of the rotating shaft 7 is in splined connection with the middle position inside the rotating wheel 4, two groups of material conveying grooves 8 are symmetrically arranged on the wheel surface of the rotating wheel 4, the hopper 2 is communicated with the outer protective barrel 3 through a feeding hole 9, and the bottom of the outer protective barrel 3 is;
an air heater 11 is fixedly installed on the side face of the device main body 1, an air guide pipe 12 is horizontally arranged in the air heater 11 in an extending mode towards the inside of the device main body 1, a plurality of groups of dust removing cloth bags 13 are laid in the device main body 1 and located on one side of the air guide pipe 12, a material collecting barrel 14 is fixedly installed in the device main body 1 and located obliquely below the air guide pipe 12, a material guide plate 15 is connected to the upper end of the material collecting barrel 14 to play a role in guiding materials, a second motor 16 is erected at the bottom of the device main body 1, a speed reducer 17 is arranged at the upper end of the second motor 16, a rotating rod 18 is rotatably installed on the second motor 16 through the speed reducer 17, the rotating rod 18 upwards extends into the material collecting barrel 14, and a spiral stirring sheet 19;
a vacuum pump 20 is fixedly arranged at the upper end of the device main body 1 and at one side of the hopper 2, a circulating pipe group 21 is fixedly arranged at the inner wall of the right side of the device main body 1, an air guide cover 22 is fixedly arranged at the upper end of the circulating pipe group 21, the lower end of the vacuum pump 20 is communicated with the air guide cover 22, a heat insulation layer 24 is filled on the outer side surface of the circulating pipe group 21 to play a role in heat insulation, a hollow part 25 is arranged in the material collecting cylinder 14, the lower end of the circulating pipe group 21 is communicated with the hollow part 25, a plurality of groups of air holes 26 are uniformly formed in the inner surface of the hollow part 25, and a plurality of groups;
the right side surface of the device main body 1 is welded with a supporting leg 28 downwards, and the front end surface of the device main body 1 is movably provided with a sliding door 23 and communicated with the material collecting barrel 14; the sizes of the feed inlet 9 and the discharge outlet 10 are matched with the two groups of material conveying grooves 8, and the wheel surface of the rotating wheel 4 is tightly attached to the inner wall of the outer protective cylinder 3; the first motor 6 and the second motor 16 are constant-speed motors, and the air guide pipe 12 is arranged obliquely below the discharge hole 10; the honeycomb drying holes 27 are arranged obliquely upwards and are internally provided with drying agents, the bottom of the material collecting cylinder 14 is provided with a discharge valve for releasing materials so as to be convenient to take out, and the outer side surface of the material collecting cylinder 14 is provided with a pressure release port; all the electric equipment related in the device are controlled by a unified circuit and a PLC controller, the control principle is simple, and the device is the prior art.
It should be noted that the present invention relates to a snakegourd fruit heat treatment integrated device, which comprises placing snakegourd fruit into a hopper 2, starting a first motor 6, driving a rotating shaft 7 to rotate at a constant speed through a coupling, rotating a rotating wheel 4, receiving snakegourd fruit from a feeding port 9 when a group of material conveying grooves 8 move to the top, then releasing snakegourd fruit from a discharging port 10 when the rotating wheel 4 rotates to the bottom, starting a hot air blower 11 to blow hot air out of an air guide pipe 12 continuously, winnowing snakegourd fruit when encountering snakegourd fruit falling under gravity, blowing part of impurities and dust to the right, collecting by a plurality of groups of dust-removing cloth bags 13 on one side, and collecting the remaining snakegourd fruit falling into a material collecting pipe 14 along a throwing-free track, collecting in a centralized manner, starting a vacuum pump 20 at this time, sucking hot air in a device main body 1 from an air guide cover 22, and transporting through a circulating pipe group 21, the internal snakegourd fruit seeds are dried by the airflow sprayed inwards from the air holes 26 of the groups, the second motor 16 is started, the speed is reduced through the speed reducer 17, the rotating rod 18 rotates at a slow speed, the spiral stirring piece 19 is driven to slowly stir in the material collecting cylinder 14, the snakegourd fruit seeds are dried more uniformly and are convenient for airflow circulation, and the generated water vapor passes through the honeycomb drying holes 27 and is adsorbed by the drying agent in the honeycomb drying cylinder when moving upwards.
It is noted that, herein, relational terms such as first and second, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a son thermal treatment integrated device of trichosanthes fruit, includes device main part (1), its characterized in that: the device is characterized in that a hopper (2) is fixedly arranged on the left side of the upper end face of a device main body (1), an outer protective barrel (3) is riveted inside the device main body (1) and located under the hopper (2), a rotating wheel (4) is rotatably arranged in the outer protective barrel (3), a motor shell (5) is riveted on the front end face of the device main body (1), a first motor (6) is placed in the motor shell (5), the first motor (6) is rotatably connected with a rotating shaft (7) through a coupler, one end of the rotating shaft (7) is in splined connection with the middle position in the rotating wheel (4), two groups of material conveying grooves (8) are symmetrically formed in the wheel face of the rotating wheel (4), the hopper (2) is communicated with the outer protective barrel (3) through a feeding hole (9), and a discharging hole (10) is formed in the bottom of the outer protective barrel (3);
a hot air blower (11) is fixedly arranged on the side surface of the device main body (1), an air guide pipe (12) is horizontally arranged in the hot air blower (11) in an extending way towards the interior of the device main body (1), a plurality of groups of dust removing cloth bags (13) are laid in the device main body (1) and positioned at one side of the air guide pipe (12), a material collecting barrel (14) is fixedly arranged in the device main body (1) and is positioned obliquely below the air guide pipe (12), the upper end part of the material collecting barrel (14) is connected with a material guide plate (15), the bottom of the device main body (1) is provided with a second motor (16), a speed reducer (17) is arranged at the upper end of the second motor (16), a rotating rod (18) is rotatably arranged on the second motor (16) through the speed reducer (17), the rotating rod (18) extends upwards into the material collecting barrel (14), and a spiral stirring sheet (19) is arranged on the rotating rod (18);
the device is characterized in that a vacuum pump (20) is fixedly arranged at the upper end of the device main body (1) and on one side of the hopper (2), a circulating pipe group (21) is fixedly arranged at the inner wall of the right side of the device main body (1), an air guide cover (22) is fixedly arranged at the upper end of the circulating pipe group (21), the lower end of the vacuum pump (20) is communicated with the air guide cover (22), a heat insulation layer (24) is filled on the outer side surface of the circulating pipe group (21), a hollow part (25) is arranged in the material collecting cylinder (14), the lower end of the circulating pipe group (21) is communicated with the hollow part (25), a plurality of groups of air holes (26) are uniformly formed in the inner surface of the hollow part (25), and a plurality of groups of honeycomb drying holes (27) are uniformly.
2. The semen trichosanthis heat treatment integrated device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the device is characterized in that supporting legs (28) are welded downwards on the right side face of the device main body (1), and a sliding door (23) is movably arranged on the front end face of the device main body (1) and is communicated with the material collecting barrel (14).
3. The semen trichosanthis heat treatment integrated device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the size of the feed inlet (9) and the discharge outlet (10) is matched with that of the two groups of material conveying grooves (8), and the wheel surface of the rotating wheel (4) is tightly attached to the inner wall of the outer protective cylinder (3).
4. The semen trichosanthis heat treatment integrated device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the first motor (6) and the second motor (16) are both constant-speed motors, and the air guide pipe (12) is arranged obliquely below the discharge hole (10).
5. The semen trichosanthis heat treatment integrated device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the honeycomb drying holes (27) are obliquely and upwards formed, drying agents are placed in the honeycomb drying holes, a discharge valve is installed at the bottom of the material collecting cylinder (14), and a pressure release opening is formed in the outer side face of the material collecting cylinder (14).
CN202020049052.9U 2020-01-10 2020-01-10 Snakegourd fruit heat treatment integrated device Active CN211526971U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020049052.9U CN211526971U (en) 2020-01-10 2020-01-10 Snakegourd fruit heat treatment integrated device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020049052.9U CN211526971U (en) 2020-01-10 2020-01-10 Snakegourd fruit heat treatment integrated device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211526971U true CN211526971U (en) 2020-09-18

Family

ID=72449502

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202020049052.9U Active CN211526971U (en) 2020-01-10 2020-01-10 Snakegourd fruit heat treatment integrated device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211526971U (en)

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