CN211313177U - Green building precast concrete block - Google Patents

Green building precast concrete block Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211313177U
CN211313177U CN201921984265.4U CN201921984265U CN211313177U CN 211313177 U CN211313177 U CN 211313177U CN 201921984265 U CN201921984265 U CN 201921984265U CN 211313177 U CN211313177 U CN 211313177U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
concrete
waterproof layer
precast concrete
green building
Prior art date
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201921984265.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
沈莉君
孙伟
陈华显
朱坚
尤振宇
黄晨谊
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wuxi Henglifu Building Development Co ltd
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Wuxi Henglifu Building Development Co ltd
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Priority to CN201921984265.4U priority Critical patent/CN211313177U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN211313177U publication Critical patent/CN211313177U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a green building precast concrete piece belongs to the building field, aims at providing a green building precast concrete piece, and its technical scheme main points are including concrete layer, the concrete layer both sides are equipped with waterproof layer one and waterproof layer two respectively, be equipped with the heat preservation mortar between waterproof layer one and the concrete layer, waterproof layer one is kept away from heat preservation mortar one side and is equipped with anti crack surface course, the utility model has the advantages of waterproof performance is good, precast concrete piece stable in structure.

Description

Green building precast concrete block
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a building field, in particular to green building precast concrete piece.
Background
With the improvement of production efficiency, the use of concrete prefabricated parts in the building industry is more and more. At present, various fixing modes are mainly adopted to fix the template into a required shape, and after concrete is solidified, the fixed object is dismantled.
The green building evaluation is to follow the principle of local conditions, combine the characteristics of climate, environment, resources, economy, culture and the like of the region where the building is located, and comprehensively evaluate the performances of safety, durability, health, comfort, convenient life, resource conservation, environmental livability and the like in the whole life cycle of the building.
The Chinese patent with publication number CN203603354U discloses a heat preservation and decoration integrated composite concrete prefabricated part, which comprises a decorative wall tile and a prefabricated part, wherein the decorative wall tile and the prefabricated part are solidified into a whole through a bonding mortar layer, the prefabricated part is a non-layered composite structure formed by sequentially solidifying an anti-cracking surface layer made of anti-cracking mortar mixture, a heat preservation layer made of heat preservation mortar mixture and a concrete layer made of concrete mortar mixture, the bonding mortar layer is solidified with the anti-cracking surface layer, the concrete layer comprises filling concrete, a framework and embedded parts, and the framework extends into the heat preservation layer.
Above-mentioned technical scheme has and need not to decorate in addition, and easy to assemble, decorates the wall tile and passes through adhesive tape interconnect to through bonding mortar layer will decorate the wall tile and the prefab so knot together, but in the actual production process, this concrete prefabricated component's waterproof performance is poor, and the waterproof performance is poor can lead to the local fracture of precast concrete piece, thereby leads to precast concrete piece structure unstable.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a green building precast concrete piece has that waterproof performance is good, precast concrete piece stable in structure's advantage.
The above technical purpose of the present invention can be achieved by the following technical solutions:
the green building precast concrete block comprises a concrete layer, wherein a first waterproof layer and a second waterproof layer are arranged on two sides of the concrete layer respectively, heat insulation mortar is arranged between the first waterproof layer and the concrete layer, and an anti-cracking surface layer is arranged on one side, away from the heat insulation mortar, of the first waterproof layer.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the waterproof layer of concrete layer both sides is two uses in improving the whole water-proof effects of concrete piece with the waterproof layer, the heat preservation mortar is as basic insulation material, play the heat preservation effect in the precast concrete piece, the anti crack surface course of waterproof layer one side of keeping away from the heat preservation mortar simultaneously, can reduce water infiltration and cause the concrete piece fracture, or concrete piece surface crack causes concrete piece outside decoration installation unstability, the waterproof performance of concrete piece can be improved in the setting of waterproof layer one and waterproof layer two, the water-proof effects can improve the structural stability of precast concrete piece, the anti structural stability of crack surface course can improve the precast concrete piece surface simultaneously.
Furthermore, a reinforcing mesh is arranged on one side, away from the concrete layer, of the second waterproof layer, and an outer-wrapped steel plate is arranged on one side, away from the second waterproof layer, of the reinforcing mesh.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the reinforcing bar net sets up and keeps away from concrete layer one side at waterproof layer two, plays the supporting role to the precast concrete piece, and the structural stability of precast concrete piece can be improved to the outsourcing steel sheet simultaneously.
Furthermore, a steel adhesive is filled between the waterproof layer II and the outer steel plate, and the steel adhesive is coated on the steel bar net.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, glue the steel glue and can improve the connection effect between waterproof layer two and the outsourcing steel sheet, glue the steel glue cladding on the reinforcing bar net, fix the reinforcing bar net between waterproof layer two and the outsourcing steel sheet, improve the structural stability of precast concrete piece.
Furthermore, one side of the anti-cracking surface layer, which is far away from the waterproof layer, is provided with a reticular bulge.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, anti crack surface course is kept away from waterproof layer one side and is generally used for the later stage to decorate, and the later stage is decorated probably mopping or installation ceramic tile etc. and anti crack surface course too smooth can lead to later stage to decorate the installation unstable, and netted arch can make the later stage decorate and the better surface of scribbling the precast concrete piece of the link between the anti crack surface course, improves the installation stability of outside decoration.
Further, the concrete layer is a foam concrete layer.
By adopting the technical scheme, the foam concrete is a novel light heat-insulating material containing a large number of closed air holes, which is formed by performing cast-in-place construction or mold forming through a pumping system of a foaming machine and performing natural curing, is a novel building energy-saving material which is waste-utilizing, environment-friendly, energy-saving, low in cost and non-combustible, follows the idea of green environmental protection, and meets the requirement of green buildings.
Furthermore, a reinforcing steel bar frame is arranged inside the concrete layer.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the foam concrete layer is light concrete, and the structural stability on concrete layer can be improved in setting up of steel reinforcement frame, further improves the structural stability of precast concrete piece.
Furthermore, a pipe groove which is horizontally and vertically arranged is formed in the side wall of the concrete layer.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, on the precast concrete piece, be located the level and the vertical crisscross tube seat of seting up on the concrete layer lateral wall, can place the pipeline, the precast tube seat can be made stage processing at precast concrete piece, prevents when the concrete piece uses, sets up the tube seat in that the concrete piece is inside, causes the unstable condition of structure to appear in the concrete piece fluting in-process.
Further, the pipe groove is arranged in a semicircular shape.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, two adjacent precast concrete pieces concatenations can be complete circular chase with two semicircular chase concatenations, conveniently places the pipeline, improves pipeline installation's convenience.
To sum up, the utility model discloses following beneficial effect has:
1. the waterproof layer I, the waterproof layer II and the anti-cracking surface layer are arranged, so that the waterproof effect can be achieved, and the structural stability of the concrete block can be improved;
2. the arrangement of the steel bar frame in the concrete block can improve the structural stability of the concrete block;
3. through the setting of seting up level and vertical tube seat on the precast concrete layer lateral wall, can play the tube seat of opening in the prefabrication stage and can make pipeline installation more convenient, prevent that the later stage from opening the tube seat, cause the unstable effect of concrete layer structure.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a front view of a green-building precast concrete block of the embodiment;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a green-building precast concrete block in the example.
In the figure, 1, a concrete layer; 11. a first waterproof layer; 12. a second waterproof layer; 13. insulating mortar; 14. a crack resistant facing; 15. a reinforcing mesh; 16. wrapping a steel plate; 17. adhering steel glue; 18. a reticular bulge; 19. a reinforcing steel bar frame; 2. and (4) a pipe groove.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Example (b):
the green building precast concrete block, as shown in fig. 1 and 2, comprises a concrete layer 1, wherein the concrete layer 1 is a foamed concrete layer 1, and a reinforcing frame 19 is arranged in the foamed concrete layer 1.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the foamed concrete is also called as foamed cement, light concrete, etc., and is a novel energy-saving building material which is waste-utilizing, environment-friendly, energy-saving, cheap, and non-combustible. The lightweight concrete (foam concrete) is a concrete product which is formed by introducing air or gases such as nitrogen, carbon dioxide, oxygen and the like into concrete slurry according to application requirements in a chemical or physical mode and reasonably curing and forming, contains a large number of fine closed air holes and has considerable strength.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the foam concrete is a novel energy-saving building material which is waste-utilizing, environment-friendly, energy-saving, low-cost and non-combustible, but is lightweight concrete, and the arrangement of the reinforcing frame 19 can improve the structural strength of the concrete layer 1, and further improve the structural strength of the precast concrete block.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, a waterproof layer two 12 is fixedly arranged on one side of the concrete layer 1, a reinforcing mesh 15 is arranged on one side of the waterproof layer two 12 away from the concrete layer 1, an outer-coated steel plate 16 is arranged on one side of the reinforcing mesh, away from the waterproof layer two 12, and a steel adhesive 17 is filled between the waterproof layer two 12 and the outer-coated steel plate 16.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the steel bar adhesive 17 fixes the outer-coated steel plate 16 on the second waterproof layer 12, the steel bar mesh 15 is located in the steel bar adhesive 17, the steel bar adhesive 17 covers the steel bar mesh 15, and the steel bar mesh 15 plays a supporting role between the second waterproof layer 12 and the outer-coated steel plate 16.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, a heat preservation sand layer is fixedly arranged on one side, away from the waterproof layer two 12, of the concrete layer 1, the heat preservation sand layer plays a role in heat preservation, a waterproof layer one 11 is fixedly arranged on one side, away from the concrete layer 1, of the heat preservation sand layer, and the waterproof layer one 11 is matched with the waterproof layer two 12 to improve the waterproof effect of the precast concrete block.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, an anti-cracking surface layer 14 is fixedly arranged on one side of the first waterproof layer 11, which is far away from the thermal insulation mortar 13, and the anti-cracking surface layer 14 improves the structural stability of the precast concrete block.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the anti-cracking surface layer 14 is fixedly provided with the reticular protrusions 18 on the side away from the waterproof layer 11, the side of the anti-cracking surface layer 14 away from the waterproof layer 11 is often used for laying a late-stage decorative material, before the decorative material is installed, glue or other bonding materials need to be coated on the surface of the anti-cracking surface layer 14, the surface of the anti-cracking surface layer 14 is generally a smooth surface, and the bonding materials are easily not coated or are not coated uniformly, so that the installation of the decorative material is unstable.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the arrangement of the reticular protrusions 18 can make the adhesive material be better coated on the surface of the anti-cracking surface layer 14, so as to improve the installation stability of the finishing material in the later period, and meanwhile, the arrangement of the anti-cracking surface layer 14 can prevent the installation surface of the finishing material from cracking, so as to also improve the installation stability of the finishing material.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, pipe grooves 2 which are horizontally and vertically arranged are formed in the vertical side wall of the concrete layer 1 perpendicular to the waterproof layer I11 and the waterproof layer II 12, the pipe grooves 2 are semi-circularly arranged, the horizontal pipe grooves 2 and the vertical pipe grooves 2 are arranged in a crossed mode, two precast concrete blocks are spliced to form a circular pipe groove 2, and insertion of a circular pipeline is facilitated.
As shown in figures 1 and 2, the pipe groove 2 is formed in the precast concrete block, so that later-stage pipeline installation can be facilitated, and meanwhile, the pipe groove 2 is formed after the later-stage concrete block is installed, and the damage to the structure of the concrete block is caused.
The specific implementation process comprises the following steps: the waterproof layer II 12, the reinforcing mesh 15 and the outer steel plate 16 are arranged on one side of the concrete layer 1 respectively, the waterproof layer II 12 is connected with the outer steel plate 16 through the bonded steel glue 17, the side, away from the waterproof layer II 12, of the concrete layer 1 is sequentially provided with the heat preservation mortar 13, the waterproof layer I11 and the anti-crack surface layer 14, and the waterproof layer I11 and the waterproof layer II 12 play a waterproof role in the precast concrete block, so that the structural strength of the precast concrete block is improved.
The present embodiment is only for explaining the present invention, and it is not limited to the present invention, and those skilled in the art can make modifications to the present embodiment without inventive contribution as required after reading the present specification, but all of them are protected by patent laws within the scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. Green building precast concrete piece, including concrete layer (1), its characterized in that: the concrete layer is characterized in that a first waterproof layer (11) and a second waterproof layer (12) are respectively arranged on two sides of the concrete layer (1), heat insulation mortar (13) is arranged between the first waterproof layer (11) and the concrete layer (1), and an anti-cracking surface layer (14) is arranged on one side, away from the heat insulation mortar (13), of the first waterproof layer (11).
2. The green building precast concrete block according to claim 1, wherein: and a reinforcing mesh (15) is arranged on one side of the second waterproof layer (12) far away from the concrete layer (1), and an outer-coated steel plate (16) is arranged on one side of the reinforcing mesh (15) far away from the second waterproof layer (12).
3. The green building precast concrete block according to claim 2, wherein: and steel adhesive (17) is filled between the second waterproof layer (12) and the outer wrapping steel plate (16), and the steel adhesive (17) is wrapped on the reinforcing mesh (15).
4. The green building precast concrete block according to claim 1, wherein: and one side of the anti-cracking surface layer (14) far away from the waterproof layer I (11) is provided with a reticular bulge (18).
5. The green building precast concrete block according to claim 1, wherein: the concrete layer (1) is a foam concrete layer (1).
6. The green building precast concrete block according to claim 5, wherein: and a reinforcing steel bar frame (19) is arranged in the concrete layer (1).
7. The green building precast concrete block according to claim 1, wherein: and a pipe groove (2) which is horizontally and vertically arranged is formed in the side wall of the concrete layer (1).
8. The green building precast concrete block according to claim 7, wherein: the pipe groove (2) is arranged in a semicircular shape.
CN201921984265.4U 2019-11-18 2019-11-18 Green building precast concrete block Expired - Fee Related CN211313177U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921984265.4U CN211313177U (en) 2019-11-18 2019-11-18 Green building precast concrete block

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921984265.4U CN211313177U (en) 2019-11-18 2019-11-18 Green building precast concrete block

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211313177U true CN211313177U (en) 2020-08-21

Family

ID=72080425

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921984265.4U Expired - Fee Related CN211313177U (en) 2019-11-18 2019-11-18 Green building precast concrete block

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211313177U (en)

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20200821

Termination date: 20211118

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee