Medicinal material grinding device
The utility model relates to a medicinal material processing technology field especially relates to a medicinal material grinder.
The Chinese medicinal materials refer to crude drugs applied under the guidance of Han nationality traditional medicine technology, and are used for treating diseases. Generally, traditional Chinese medicinal materials are explained into genuine medicinal materials, which are medicinal materials produced in regions with specific natural conditions and ecological environments, and due to concentrated production, cultivation techniques and harvesting and processing are also explained to a certain extent, so that the quality and the curative effect of the medicinal materials are better than those of the same medicinal materials produced in other regions, and due to various reasons such as different historical cultures, geographic environments and social development levels, the development and utilization degrees and the application ranges of Chinese medicinal resources in various regions are greatly different, so that three parts with different connotations, relative independence and mutual connection, namely Chinese medicinal materials, folk medicines and national medicines, are formed, and have a long history of development and effective utilization of the precious resources and are also the material basis of Chinese medicine and pharmacology development.
At present, most of traditional Chinese medicine grinding is manual grinding, long-time manual grinding is carried out, people can feel tired quickly, the grinding speed is low, the time consumption is long, more manpower is consumed when medicinal materials are too much, the traditional Chinese medicine grinding is not economical, sweat easily pollutes the medicinal materials during manual grinding, the traditional Chinese medicine grinding is insanitary, the grinding is insufficient, the medicine effect absorption effect of the traditional Chinese medicine is reduced, the illness state of patients is influenced, and the patients die after being injured seriously, so that irrecoverable consequences are caused.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at solving the defects existing in the prior art and providing a medicinal material grinding device.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a medicinal material grinder, includes the bottom plate, its characterized in that: the upper edge of the bottom plate is symmetrically and fixedly connected with vertical plates, supporting plates are horizontally and fixedly connected above two opposite sides of the two vertical plates, a crushing box is fixedly connected between the two supporting plates together, a feed hopper is arranged on the upper side of the crushing box and is communicated with the crushing box, a rotating shaft is vertically and rotatably matched and connected in the crushing box, first crushing knives are uniformly arranged on the outer side of the rotating shaft, the upper end of the rotating shaft vertically penetrates through the crushing box upwards and extends out of the crushing box, a first motor for driving the rotating shaft to rotate is arranged on the extending part of the rotating shaft, a discharge hole is formed in the lower side of the crushing box, and a grinding part is arranged;
the grinding part comprises a box body, the upper side of the box body is fixedly connected with a grinding box, the box body is communicated with the grinding box through a discharge port, the lower side of the box body is open, second grinding cutters are uniformly arranged on the inner walls opposite in the box body, a grinding block is rotatably matched in the box body, third grinding cutters are uniformly arranged on the outer side of the grinding block, the third grinding cutters and the second grinding cutters are arranged in a crossed and opposite mode, the lower side of the grinding block is vertically and fixedly connected with a rotating rod, the lower end of the rotating rod is fixedly connected with a rotating seat arranged on the upper side of a bottom plate, the rotating seat comprises an upright post and a rotating block, the upright post is fixedly connected on the upper side of the bottom plate, a bearing hole is formed in the center of the upper side of the upright post, a rotating shaft is connected in a rotating fit manner through rotating bearings in the bearing hole, the rotating, the rotating block can rotate through the rotating shaft, a driven gear is sleeved on the outer side of the rotating block, an installation groove is formed in the upper side of the bottom plate, a second motor is arranged in the installation groove, a main shaft of the second motor is vertically and upwards arranged, the main shaft of the second motor is horizontally and fixedly connected with a driving gear, and the driving gear is meshed with the driven gear;
the lower side of the box body is obliquely provided with a sliding plate, the sliding plate is provided with a yielding hole, one end of the rotating rod penetrates through the yielding hole, the highest position of the upper surface of the sliding plate is connected with the box body through a round rod, the lowest position of the upper surface of the sliding plate is fixedly connected with one side of the upper side of the material receiving box, and the material receiving box is fixedly connected to the upper side of the bottom plate.
Preferably, the two opposite sides in the crushing box are provided with heating elements, each heating element is a circular tube type electric heating tube, and the electric heating tubes are uniformly fixed on the two opposite sides in the crushing box through tube clamps.
Preferably, smash the incasement bottom symmetry and be equipped with two stock guides, two stock guide upside are the inclined plane, and two stock guide upper surface lower extreme all sets up with the discharge gate is corresponding.
Preferably, one side of discharge gate is equipped with the inserting groove, and the opposite side level of discharge gate is equipped with the sliding tray, and the sliding tray sets up with the inserting groove relatively, and sliding tray sliding fit connects the sliding plate, one side that crushing case is close to the sliding tray is equipped with push-and-pull cylinder, and push-and-pull cylinder's piston rod level runs through crushing case and stretches into in the sliding tray, and push-and-pull cylinder's piston rod stretches into the end fixed connection that the discharge gate was kept away from to end through connecting rod and sliding plate, and the connecting rod setting is in.
Preferably, one end of the sliding plate can be inserted and matched in the insertion groove by pushing of the push-pull air cylinder.
The utility model has the advantages that: the utility model provides a medicinal material grinder structure scientific and reasonable, convenient to use is high-efficient, when using, put into crushing incasement through the feeder hopper and open first motor rotation axis of rotation and consequently first crushing sword also follows the rotation, carry out primary crushing to the chinese medicine, carry out drying process through two heating members with the chinese medicine in crushing incasement simultaneously crushing, the chinese medicine that drying process was handled can increase the retention period, push-and-pull cylinder pulling sliding plate pulls the sliding plate back to the sliding tray completely after drying process, the chinese medicine in crushing incasement falls into grinding through the discharge gate, open the second motor, the main shaft drive driving gear of second motor rotates driven gear and drives the rotation piece rotation, thereby drive the grinding block rotation through the dwang, the clearance between grinding block and the box is little can guarantee thoroughly to smash the chinese medicine, the chinese medicine after smashing falls on the sliding plate through the uncovered of box downside, and then the material slides into the material receiving box after passing through the material sliding plate.
Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram of the basic structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of part A of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the basic structure of the abrasive article;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the basic structure of the rotary base;
fig. 5 is a schematic view of the basic structure of the turning block.
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more clearly understood, the present invention is further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
As shown in figures 1-5, the utility model provides a medicinal material grinding device, which comprises a bottom plate 1, the bottom plate 1 is a rectangular plate, the upper edge of the bottom plate 1 is symmetrically welded and fixedly connected with vertical plates 2, two opposite sides of the two vertical plates 2 are horizontally welded and fixedly connected with supporting plates 3, a grinding box 4 is welded and fixedly connected between the two supporting plates 3, the upper side of the grinding box 4 is provided with a feed hopper 4.1, the feed hopper 4.1 is communicated with the grinding box 4, the lower side of the grinding box 4 is provided with a discharge port 6, one side of the discharge port 6 is horizontally provided with an inserting groove 6.1, the other side of the discharge port 6 is horizontally provided with a sliding groove 6.2, the sliding groove 6.2 is arranged opposite to the inserting groove 6.1, the sliding groove 6.2 is connected with the sliding plate 6.3 in a sliding fit manner, one side of the grinding box 4 close to the sliding groove 6.2 is provided with a push-pull cylinder 11, the piston rod extending end of the push-pull cylinder 11 is fixedly connected with one end of the sliding plate 6.3 far away from the discharge hole 6 through a connecting rod 6.4 in a welding mode, and the connecting rod 6.4 is arranged in the sliding groove 6.2. One end of the sliding plate 6.3 can be in inserted fit in the insertion groove 6.1 through pushing of the push-pull air cylinder 11, the sliding plate 6.3 is in inserted fit in the insertion groove 6.1 and can close the discharge port 6, so that the traditional Chinese medicine in the crushing box 4 can be completely dried and then discharged, and the amount of the traditional Chinese medicine in the crushed box 4 which is discharged by the sliding plate 6.3 can be controlled by the amount of the stretched sliding plate 6.3.
A rotating shaft 4.2 is vertically and rotationally connected in the crushing box 4, a first crushing knife 4.3 is uniformly welded and fixed at the outer side of the rotating shaft 4.2, the upper end of the rotating shaft 4.2 vertically penetrates through the crushing box 4 upwards and extends out of the crushing box 4, be equipped with the first motor 4.4 that is used for driving axis of rotation 4.2 pivoted in the end that stretches out of axis of rotation 4.2, first motor 4.4 bolt fixed connection is at 4 upsides of crushing case, the coaxial setting of the end welded fastening that stretches out of the main shaft of first motor 4.4 and axis of rotation 4.2, crushing incasement 4 relative both sides all are equipped with heating member 5, every heating member 5 is pipe formula electric heating pipe, electric heating pipe passes through the pipe strap and evenly fixes the both sides relative in crushing incasement 4, two stock guides 4.5 of bottom symmetry fixed connection in crushing incasement 4, two stock guides 4.5 upsides are the inclined plane, two stock guides 4.5 upper surface minimums all set up with discharge gate 6 is corresponding, the below of crushing case 4 is equipped with grinding 7.
The grinding part 7 comprises a box body 7.1, the upper side of the box body 7.1 is fixedly connected with a grinding box 4 in a welding way, the box body 7.1 is communicated with the grinding box 4 through a discharge port 6, the lower side of the box body 7.1 is open, a second grinding cutter 7.2 is uniformly welded and fixed on the inner wall opposite to the inner side of the box body 7.1, a grinding block 7.3 is in rotary fit in the box body 7.1, a third grinding cutter 7.4 is uniformly welded and fixed on the outer side of the grinding block 7.3, the third grinding cutter 7.4 is arranged opposite to the second grinding cutter 7.2 in a crossing way, the lower side of the grinding block 7.3 is vertically welded and fixedly connected with a rotating rod 8, the lower end of the rotating rod 8 is fixedly connected with a rotating seat 9 arranged on the upper side of a bottom plate 1, the rotating seat 9 comprises an upright column 9.1 and a rotating block 9.3, the upright column 9.1 is fixedly connected on the upper side of the bottom plate 1, a bearing hole is arranged in the center of the upper side of the upright, the lower extreme welded fastening of turning block 9.3 upside and dwang 8, the downside of turning block 9.3 is equipped with circular recess 9.5, circular recess 9.5 is corresponding and coaxial setting with stand 9.1, center department and the 9.6 upside welded fastening of axis of rotation are connected in the circular recess 9.5, turning block 9.3 can rotate through axis of rotation 9.6, driven gear 9.4 is cup jointed in the outside of turning block 9.3, 1 upside of bottom plate is equipped with mounting groove 10, bolt fixed connection second motor 10.1 in the mounting groove 10, the vertical upwards setting of main shaft of second motor 10.1, the horizontal welded fastening of main shaft of second motor 10.1 connects driving gear 10.2, driving gear 10.2 and driven gear 9.4 interlock mutually.
The box 7.1's below slope is equipped with sliding material board 12, is equipped with the hole of stepping down on the sliding material board 12, 8 one end of dwang are passed from the hole of stepping down, and sliding material board 12 upper surface highest point passes through round bar 14 and box 7.1 welded fastening is connected, and the lowest of sliding material board 12 upper surface and the top one side fixed connection of material receiving box 13, material receiving box 13 welded fastening connects at the 1 upside of bottom plate.
The utility model discloses the theory of operation does: when in use, the traditional Chinese medicine to be ground is put into the grinding box 4 through the feed hopper 4.1, the first motor 4.4 is turned on to rotate the rotating shaft 4.2, so that the first grinding knife 4.3 also rotates, the traditional Chinese medicine is crushed for the first time, the traditional Chinese medicine in the crushing box 4 is dried by two heating elements while being crushed, after the drying treatment, the push-pull air cylinder 11 pulls the sliding plate 6.3 to pull the sliding plate 6.3 back to the sliding groove 6.2 completely, the traditional Chinese medicine in the crushing box 4 falls into the grinding element 7 through the discharge hole 6, the second motor 10.1 is started, the main shaft of the second motor 10.1 drives the driving gear 10.2 to rotate the driven gear 9.4 to drive the rotating block 9.3 to rotate, thereby drive the abrasive brick through dwang 8 and rotate, the third smashes sword 7.4 and smashes sword 7.2 and can thoroughly smash traditional chinese medicine, and the open of the traditional chinese medicine after smashing through box 7.1 downside falls on slide plate 12, and the landing is to in the material receiving box 13 behind slide plate 12.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.