CN211274937U - Crushing and sorting equipment for waste building structures - Google Patents

Crushing and sorting equipment for waste building structures Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211274937U
CN211274937U CN201922063277.XU CN201922063277U CN211274937U CN 211274937 U CN211274937 U CN 211274937U CN 201922063277 U CN201922063277 U CN 201922063277U CN 211274937 U CN211274937 U CN 211274937U
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China
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crushing
filter screen
crushing cavity
waste
coarse
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CN201922063277.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王义山
杜娟
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Qingdao Kangtine Construction Group Co ltd
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Qingdao Kangtine Construction Group Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to the field of constructional engineering, and discloses a crushing and sorting device for waste building structures, which comprises a feed channel, a driving box, a power supply, a crushing cavity, a storage tank and a box body; the bottom intercommunication of unloading passageway has the crushing chamber that is used for smashing the waste material, the inside in crushing chamber is provided with a set of axis of rotation, the fixed surface of axis of rotation installs the round and dials garrulous tooth, the bottom in crushing chamber is provided with the first coarse strainer of one deck, the right side wall in crushing chamber is provided with a set of second coarse strainer, the bottom of first coarse strainer and second coarse strainer communicates downwards respectively has first unloading passageway and second unloading passageway, the left side of first unloading passageway and the right side of second unloading passageway communicate respectively has a set of air distribution machine, the bottom of first unloading passageway and second unloading passageway is established and is provided with first fine filter and second fine filter respectively. The utility model has the advantages that: and the multi-stage sorting treatment has high sorting precision and high speed.

Description

Crushing and sorting equipment for waste building structures
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a building engineering field specifically is a crushing sorting facilities of abandonment building structures.
Background
The abandoned building structures generated during the demolition of buildings such as houses are scattered and inconvenient to collect and use, and construction workers generally choose to directly collect the abandoned building structures and dump the collected abandoned building structures to a garbage pile. The waste building structures not only influence the building safety and increase the workload of building structure treatment, but also cause a great deal of waste of resources due to too many dumping of the waste building structures. With the development of economic society, the green treatment of waste building structures becomes a necessary trend.
Chinese patent (publication number: CN 205613508U, publication date: 2016.10.05) discloses a crushing and sorting device for waste building structures, which comprises a material inlet bin, a primary crushing box, a secondary treatment bin, a compacting device and a material outlet; the device comprises a compacting device positioned at the bottom end, wherein a material outlet is formed in the side wall of the compacting device, the lower surface of the compacting device is of an inclined sliding plate structure, the included angle between the lower surface of the compacting device and the horizontal plane is 30-45 degrees, and the upper end of the compacting device is connected with a secondary treatment bin; the secondary treatment bin is of a cylindrical structure with a square side wall, and a primary crushing box is arranged at the upper end of the secondary treatment bin; the upper end of the primary crushing box is provided with a material inlet bin; the upper part of the material inlet bin is an inverted trapezoid body without a cover from top to bottom, the lower part of the material inlet bin is a cylindrical body without a cover from top to bottom, and the material inlet bin is made of stainless steel. The device is through single sorting processing, can't carry out multistage accurate categorised collection with the waste material according to the size of difference, leads to the precision of sorting to hang down excessively.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide an abandonment building structures's crushing sorting facilities to solve the problem that proposes among the above-mentioned background art.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme: a crushing and sorting device for waste building structures comprises a feed channel, a driving box, a power supply, a crushing cavity, a storage tank and a box body; the left side and the right side of the bottom of the box body are fixedly supported through support legs. The top of box is provided with the feedstock channel of a set of slope, inputs the inside of box through feedstock channel with pending construction waste, and feedstock channel's bottom intercommunication has the crushing chamber that is used for smashing the waste material. The inside in crushing chamber is provided with a set of axis of rotation, and both ends are passed through the guide rail rotation and are connected on the inner wall in crushing chamber around the axis of rotation. The guide rail on the front side penetrates through the outer side wall of the crushing cavity and is connected with a group of rotating motors in a rotating mode leftwards through a transmission belt, and the rotating motors are arranged inside a driving box fixed on the outer wall of the left side of the crushing cavity. And a group of power supply is fixedly arranged on the upper part of the right side of the crushing cavity and is electrically connected with the rotating motor. The power is supplied to the rotating motor through the power supply, and then the rotating shaft is driven to rotate through the driving belt. The utility model discloses a crushing chamber, including crushing chamber, the outer fixed surface of axis of rotation is installed the round and is dialled the garrulous tooth, the bottom in crushing chamber is provided with the first coarse strainer of one deck, and the right side wall in crushing chamber is provided with a set of second coarse strainer, and the diameter of first coarse strainer and second coarse strainer is not of uniform size, when dialling that the garrulous tooth is continuous smash the stirring to the waste material of crushing intracavity portion, the waste material can be according to the size of self, carries downwards through first coarse strainer or second coarse strainer respectively. And then, performing primary filtration classification on the waste crushed for the first time.
The bottom of first coarse strainer and second coarse strainer communicates first unloading passageway and second unloading passageway downwards respectively, the left side of first unloading passageway and the right side of second unloading passageway communicate a set of air distribution machine respectively, air distribution machine and power electric connection, the left side of air distribution machine is provided with the export, outwards breathe in to the inside of first unloading passageway and second unloading passageway through starting air distribution machine, thereby will be in the inside dust and the floater discharge outside in the waste material after smashing of flowing downwards of first unloading passageway and second unloading passageway, thereby separate dust and floater and powder.
The bottom of the first blanking channel and the bottom of the second blanking channel are respectively provided with a first fine filtering net and a second fine filtering net, the first fine filtering net and the second fine filtering net are arranged in an inclined shape, the bottoms and the outer sides of the first fine filtering net and the second fine filtering net are respectively provided with a storage tank, and waste materials in the first blanking channel and the second blanking channel are subjected to dust removal and floating objects and then are subjected to fine filtering through the first fine filtering net and the second fine filtering net again, so that the waste materials are classified and stored according to sizes again.
As a further aspect of the present invention: the stirring teeth are arranged in a right-angled triangle structure, and when the stirring teeth are used for crushing the waste materials, the waste materials are continuously stirred to rotate in the crushing cavity.
As a further aspect of the present invention: the upper surfaces of the first coarse filter screen and the second coarse filter screen are provided with a plurality of groups of bulges at equal intervals, and the bulges are used for being matched with the stirring teeth to accelerate the crushing speed of waste materials.
As a further aspect of the present invention: the outlet is arranged to be of a horn-shaped structure, so that dust floating objects can be smoothly output conveniently.
As a further aspect of the present invention: the bottom of feedstock channel is provided with one deck adjustable fender, and adjustable fender's left side bottom is passed through torsion spring elastic connection on the left side wall in crushing chamber, through setting up adjustable fender that can freely swing when not influencing waste material input crushing intracavity portion, also can prevent to smash the waste material of intracavity portion and smash the time, can not upwards sputter.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that: firstly, the waste materials are crushed, then the crushed waste materials are continuously stirred to pass through the first coarse filter and the second coarse filter while being crushed, then the waste materials which accord with the sizes of the first coarse filter and the second coarse filter respectively enter the first blanking channel and the second blanking channel to remove dust and floaters, and then the waste materials fall into the first fine filter and the second fine filter again to be further separated, so that the accurate separation operation is realized. The utility model has the advantages that: and the multi-stage sorting treatment has high sorting precision and high speed.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a crushing and sorting apparatus for waste building structures.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view showing a structure of a rotary shaft in the crushing and sorting apparatus for waste building structures.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of a first coarse strainer and a second coarse strainer in a crushing and sorting device for waste building structures.
Wherein: the device comprises a feeding channel 10, a movable baffle 11, a torsion spring 12, a driving box 13, a power supply 14, a crushing cavity 15, a first blanking channel 16, a second blanking channel 17, a distributing fan 18, a first fine filter screen 19, a second fine filter screen 20, a storage tank 21, a rotating shaft 22, a stirring tooth 23, a driving belt 24, a first coarse filter screen 25, a second coarse filter screen 26, a protrusion 27 and a box body 28.
Detailed Description
The technical solution of the present patent will be described in further detail with reference to the following embodiments.
Example one
Referring to fig. 1-3, a crushing and sorting apparatus for waste building structures includes a feeding channel 10, a driving box 13, a power supply 14, a crushing chamber 15, a storage tank 21, and a box 28; the left and right sides of the bottom of the box 28 are fixedly supported by support legs. The top end of the box body 28 is provided with a group of inclined feeding channels 10, construction waste to be treated is input into the box body 28 through the feeding channels 10, and the bottom end of the feeding channels 10 is communicated with a crushing cavity 15 for crushing the waste. A group of rotating shafts 22 are arranged in the crushing cavity 15, and the front end and the rear end of each rotating shaft 22 are rotatably connected to the inner wall of the crushing cavity 15 through guide rails. The guide rail located at the front side penetrates through the outer side wall of the crushing cavity 15 and is connected with a group of rotating motors in a rotating mode leftwards through a transmission belt 24, and the rotating motors are arranged inside a driving box 13 fixed on the outer wall of the left side of the crushing cavity 15. A group of power supplies 14 are fixedly arranged at the upper part of the right side of the crushing cavity 15, and the power supplies 14 are electrically connected with the rotating motor. The rotating motor is supplied with power by the power source 14, and then the rotating shaft 22 is rotated by the driving belt 24. The outer surface of the rotating shaft 22 is fixedly provided with a circle of stirring teeth 23, the stirring teeth 23 are arranged in a right-angled triangle structure, and the stirring teeth 23 continuously stir the waste materials to rotate in the crushing cavity 15 while crushing the waste materials. Smash the bottom in chamber 15 and be provided with the first coarse strainer 25 of one deck, the right side wall in crushing chamber 15 is provided with a set of second coarse strainer 26, and the diameter of first coarse strainer 25 and second coarse strainer 26 is not of uniform size, when dialling that the tooth 23 is continuous smashes the waste material of smashing the inside in chamber 15 and stir, the waste material can be according to the size of self, carries downwards through first coarse strainer 25 or second coarse strainer 26 respectively. And then, performing primary filtration classification on the waste crushed for the first time. The upper surfaces of the first coarse filter screen 25 and the second coarse filter screen 26 are provided with a plurality of groups of bulges 27 at equal intervals, and the bulges 27 are arranged to be matched with the stirring teeth 23 to accelerate the crushing speed of waste materials.
The bottom of first coarse strainer 25 and second coarse strainer 26 communicates downwards respectively has first unloading passageway 16 and second unloading passageway 17, and the left side of first unloading passageway 16 and the right side of second unloading passageway 17 communicate respectively has a set of air distribution fan 18, air distribution fan 18 and power 14 electric connection, and the left side of air distribution fan 18 is provided with the export, and the export sets up to loudspeaker column structure, the smooth output of the dust floater of being convenient for. The air is sucked to the outside through the starting of the air distributing machine 18 to the inside of the first and second discharging passages 16 and 17, so that the dust and the floating materials in the crushed waste materials flowing downward inside the first and second discharging passages 16 and 17 are discharged to the outside, and the dust and the floating materials are separated from the powder.
The bottom of the first blanking channel 16 and the bottom of the second blanking channel 17 are respectively provided with a first fine filter net 19 and a second fine filter net 20, the first fine filter net 19 and the second fine filter net 20 are arranged in an inclined shape, the bottom and the outer side of the first fine filter net 19 and the second fine filter net 20 are respectively provided with a storage tank 21, and waste materials in the first blanking channel 16 and the second blanking channel 17 are subjected to dust removal and floating, and then are subjected to fine filtration through the first fine filter net 19 and the second fine filter net 20 again, so that the materials are classified and stored according to size again.
The utility model discloses a theory of operation is: firstly, inputting waste materials into the crushing cavity 15 through the feeding channel 10, starting the rotating motor to continuously stir and crush the waste materials in the crushing cavity 15, continuously falling into the first blanking channel 16 and the second blanking channel 17 through the first coarse filter 25 and the second coarse filter 26, then performing dust absorption and floating object treatment on the waste materials through the air distribution fans 18 on two sides of the first blanking channel 16 and the second blanking channel 17, and performing finer filtration on the waste materials on the first fine filter 19 and the second fine filter 20 falling to the bottom, thereby performing further sorting and storage on the waste materials.
Example two
On the basis of the first embodiment, the bottom end of the feeding channel 10 is provided with a layer of movable baffle 11, the bottom of the left side of the movable baffle 11 is elastically connected to the left side wall of the crushing cavity 15 through a torsion spring 12, and the movable baffle 11 capable of freely swinging is arranged, so that when the waste material input into the crushing cavity 15 is not influenced, the waste material in the crushing cavity 15 is prevented from being upwards sputtered when being crushed.
Although the preferred embodiments of the present patent have been described in detail, the present patent is not limited to the above embodiments, and various changes can be made without departing from the spirit of the present patent within the knowledge of those skilled in the art.

Claims (5)

1. A crushing and sorting device for waste building structures comprises a feed channel (10), a driving box (13), a power supply (14), a crushing cavity (15), a storage tank (21) and a box body (28); the left side and the right side of the bottom of the box body (28) are fixedly supported through support legs, a group of inclined feeding channels (10) are arranged at the top end of the box body (28), and the waste crushing device is characterized in that the bottom end of each material channel (10) is communicated with a crushing cavity (15) for crushing waste materials, a group of rotating shafts (22) are arranged in each crushing cavity (15), the front end and the rear end of each rotating shaft (22) are rotatably connected to the inner wall of each crushing cavity (15) through guide rails, each guide rail positioned on the front side penetrates through the outer side wall of each crushing cavity (15) and is rotatably connected with a group of rotating motors through a transmission belt (24) leftwards, each rotating motor is arranged in a driving box (13) fixed on the outer wall of the left side of each crushing cavity (15), a group of power supplies (14) are fixedly arranged on the upper portion of the right side of each crushing cavity (15, a layer of first coarse filter screen (25) is arranged at the bottom of the crushing cavity (15), a group of second coarse filter screens (26) is arranged on the right side wall of the crushing cavity (15), the diameters of the first coarse filter screen (25) and the second coarse filter screen (26) are different, the bottoms of the first coarse filter screen (25) and the second coarse filter screen (26) are respectively communicated with a first blanking channel (16) and a second blanking channel (17) downwards, the left side of the first blanking channel (16) and the right side of the second blanking channel (17) are respectively communicated with a group of air distribution machine (18), the air distribution machine (18) is electrically connected with a power supply (14), an outlet is arranged on the left side of the air distribution machine (18), a first fine filter screen (19) and a second fine filter screen (20) are respectively arranged at the bottoms of the first blanking channel (16) and the second blanking channel (17), the first fine filter screen (19) and the second fine filter screen (20) are arranged in an inclined state, the bottoms and the outer sides of the first fine filter net (19) and the second fine filter net (20) are provided with storage tanks (21).
2. The demolition and sorting apparatus for waste building structures as claimed in claim 1, wherein the crushing teeth (23) are arranged in a right-angled triangle configuration.
3. The demolition and separation apparatus for waste building structures according to claim 2, wherein the upper surfaces of the first coarse screen (25) and the second coarse screen (26) are provided with a plurality of sets of protrusions (27) at equal intervals.
4. The demolition and sorting apparatus for waste building structures as claimed in claim 3 wherein the outlet is configured as a trumpet.
5. The demolition and sorting equipment for waste building constructions according to any one of claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the bottom end of the feed channel (10) is provided with a layer of the flapper (11), and the left bottom of the flapper (11) is elastically connected to the left side wall of the demolition chamber (15) by a torsion spring (12).
CN201922063277.XU 2019-11-26 2019-11-26 Crushing and sorting equipment for waste building structures Active CN211274937U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922063277.XU CN211274937U (en) 2019-11-26 2019-11-26 Crushing and sorting equipment for waste building structures

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922063277.XU CN211274937U (en) 2019-11-26 2019-11-26 Crushing and sorting equipment for waste building structures

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211274937U true CN211274937U (en) 2020-08-18

Family

ID=72035999

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201922063277.XU Active CN211274937U (en) 2019-11-26 2019-11-26 Crushing and sorting equipment for waste building structures

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211274937U (en)

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