CN211262076U - Inner diameter measuring device - Google Patents

Inner diameter measuring device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211262076U
CN211262076U CN202020347073.9U CN202020347073U CN211262076U CN 211262076 U CN211262076 U CN 211262076U CN 202020347073 U CN202020347073 U CN 202020347073U CN 211262076 U CN211262076 U CN 211262076U
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China
Prior art keywords
measuring
measuring rod
rod
inner diameter
head
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN202020347073.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王卫东
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Shandong University
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Shandong University
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Priority to CN202020347073.9U priority Critical patent/CN211262076U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an inner diameter measuring device, which can solve the problem that the inner diameter of a flange workpiece and a box workpiece with a smaller opening and a larger inner diameter can not be measured in the prior art, and has simple structure and high measuring precision; the technical scheme is as follows: the device comprises a first measuring rod and a second measuring rod which are rotationally connected, wherein one end of the first measuring rod and one end of the second measuring rod are measuring ends, and the other end of the first measuring rod and the other end of the second measuring rod are reading ends; the measuring end is oppositely provided with a single-point measuring head and a double-end measuring rod which are used for contacting with the inner wall of the workpiece, and the reading end is fixed with a dial indicator and a dial indicator seat corresponding to the dial indicator.

Description

Inner diameter measuring device
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to hole class spare part measurement field especially relates to an internal diameter measuring device.
Background
In the mechanical industry, the traditional pore diameter measurement mostly adopts a vernier caliper and an inner micrometer to achieve the purposes of guiding the processing of a workpiece, measuring the assembly precision of a hole in an assembly body and correcting the installation position, but the two measurement instruments are limited by the structures of the two measurement instruments, so that the application range is limited.
With the development of miniaturization and high-precision technology, the current methods for measuring the aperture at home and abroad can be divided into contact measurement and non-contact measurement, wherein the contact measurement method comprises a coordinate machine measurement method and an electrical contact method, and the non-contact measurement method comprises an optical method and a pneumatic method. The measuring method of the coordinate machine is complex to operate, and a measuring rod and a measuring head are easy to generate mechanical deformation due to contact force, so that a larger measuring error is caused; the electric contact method is to utilize the contact moment of the measuring head and the hole wall to electrify a circuit for aiming measurement, and the measurement precision is low; the optical method is mainly used for measuring the inner diameter of a large hole, and burrs and other defects on the end face of the hole can influence the measurement precision; pneumatic measurement cannot measure the size and shape errors of any cross section.
Meanwhile, the inventor finds that for the inner diameter measurement of a flange workpiece and a box workpiece with a smaller opening and a larger inner diameter, because the shaft hole is much smaller than the inner hole of the cavity, when the inner hole of the cavity is measured, a common inner diameter dial indicator cannot measure, and a three-jaw inner diameter dial indicator cannot measure due to the fact that the three-jaw inner diameter dial indicator cannot extend into the box.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing an internal diameter measuring device, the device can solve the internal diameter measurement problem that can't carry out the great box class work piece of the less internal diameter of flange work piece and opening, and simple structure, measurement accuracy are high.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the present invention is realized by the following technical solution:
the embodiment of the utility model provides an inner diameter measuring device, which comprises a first measuring rod and a second measuring rod which are rotationally connected, wherein one end of the first measuring rod and one end of the second measuring rod are measuring ends, and the other end of the first measuring rod and the other end of the second measuring rod are reading ends; the measuring end is oppositely provided with a single-point measuring head and a double-end measuring rod which are used for contacting with the inner wall of the workpiece, and the reading end is fixed with a dial indicator and a dial indicator seat corresponding to the dial indicator.
Furthermore, the single-point measuring head is provided with one measuring head, and the double-head measuring rod is provided with two measuring heads; the symmetrical lines of the two measuring heads of the double-head measuring rod are perpendicular to the axis of the single-point measuring head and are on the same plane.
Further, the measuring head is a spherical measuring head or a hemispherical measuring head.
Furthermore, the first measuring rod and the second measuring rod are of special-shaped structures respectively, and the first measuring rod and the second measuring rod form a symmetrical structure about a horizontal line after being installed.
Furthermore, the dial indicator is vertically fixed with the first measuring rod, the meter adjusting seat is connected with the second measuring rod, and the height of the meter adjusting seat is adjustable.
Furthermore, a limiting rod connected with the second measuring rod is arranged on one side of the meter adjusting seat.
Furthermore, the height of the limiting rod is greater than the maximum height of the meter adjusting base.
Furthermore, grooves are respectively formed in the opposite sides of the first measuring rod and the second measuring rod.
Furthermore, the first measuring rod and the second measuring rod are connected at the set length position through a pin shaft.
The measuring principle of the inner diameter measuring device is as follows:
pre-processing a standard part with the same size as the inner wall hole of the workpiece to be measured, and selecting a proper single-point measuring head and a proper double-head measuring rod; adjusting the first measuring rod and the second measuring rod to be in a horizontal state; adjusting the zero position of the dial indicator by using a standard component, and adjusting the dial indicator seat to a set height to stop the pointer of the dial indicator at the zero position;
when a workpiece is measured, rubber bands are arranged at the reading ends of the first measuring rod and the second measuring rod, and the first measuring rod and the second measuring rod rotate under the tension of the rubber bands; the measuring ends of the first measuring rod and the second measuring rod are opened, and the double-head measuring rod and the single-point measuring head are in close contact with the inner hole wall of the workpiece; and the numerical value change of the dial indicator is the size difference between the workpiece and the standard part.
Above-mentioned the utility model discloses an embodiment's beneficial effect as follows:
(1) one or more embodiments of the utility model can synchronously reflect the change of the measuring head to the reading end outside the workpiece through the matching of the first measuring rod, the second measuring rod and the dial indicator, realize the measurement of the inner diameter through the change of the numerical value of the reading end dial indicator, and have high measuring efficiency;
(2) when one or more embodiments of the utility model are used for measurement, the measuring head is in point contact with the inner wall of the workpiece to be measured, so that the measurement error caused when the inner wall is a curved surface is reduced, and the measurement precision is high;
(3) one or more of the implementation modes of the utility model have simple structure, convenient operation and convenient assembly and disassembly; according to the size of the inner diameter, a measuring head with a proper size can be selected and replaced, and the measuring range is wide.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which form a part of the specification, are included to provide a further understanding of the invention, and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the invention without unduly limiting the scope of the invention.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention according to one or more embodiments;
fig. 2 is a side view of a use state of the present invention according to one or more embodiments;
FIG. 3 is a front view of a use state of the present invention in accordance with one or more embodiments;
the measuring device comprises a dial indicator 1, a dial indicator 2, a first measuring rod 3, a rubber band 4, a limiting rod 5, a meter adjusting base 6, a second measuring rod 7, a pin shaft 8, a double-head measuring rod 9, a single-point measuring head 10, a box cover 11, a box body 12 and a groove.
Detailed Description
It should be noted that the following detailed description is exemplary and is intended to provide further explanation of the disclosure. Unless defined otherwise, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this application belongs.
It is noted that the terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of example embodiments according to the present application. As used herein, the singular forms "a", "an", and/or "the" are intended to include the plural forms as well, and it should be understood that when the terms "comprises" and/or "comprising" are used in this specification, they specify the presence of stated features, steps, operations, devices, components, and/or combinations thereof;
for convenience of description, the words "up", "down", "left" and "right" when appearing in this application are intended only to designate directions that are consistent with the up, down, left and right directions of the drawings themselves, and not to limit the structure, but merely to facilitate description of the invention and to simplify description, and are not intended to indicate or imply that the referenced device or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and therefore should not be considered as limiting the application. Furthermore, the terms "first" and "second" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
The terms "mounted", "connected", "fixed", and the like in the present application should be understood broadly, and for example, the terms "mounted", "connected", and "fixed" may be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrated; the two elements may be connected directly or indirectly through an intermediate medium, or the two elements may be connected internally or in an interaction relationship, and those skilled in the art can understand the specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention according to the specific situation.
The first embodiment is as follows:
the embodiment provides an inner diameter measuring device, as shown in fig. 1, including percentage table 1, first measuring stick 2, second measuring stick 6, transfer table seat 5, gag lever post 4, double-end measuring stick 8 and single-point gauge head 9, wherein, the one end of first measuring stick 2, second measuring stick 6 is the measuring end, and the other end is the reading end. First measuring stick 2 and second measuring stick 6 rotate to be connected, and percentage table 1, transfer table seat 5 are installed at the reading end of first measuring stick 2 and second measuring stick 6, and double-end measuring stick 8 and single-point gauge head 9 are installed at the measuring end of first measuring stick 2 and second measuring stick 6.
In the present embodiment, the first measuring stick 2 and the second measuring stick 6 are connected by a pin 7 at a predetermined length position, and the first measuring stick 2 and the second measuring stick 6 can rotate around the pin 7. The position of the connecting point of the first measuring rod 2 and the second measuring rod 6 depends on the weight of the components arranged at the measuring end and the reading end, and the pin 7 is arranged at the position which keeps the measuring end and the reading end balanced. According to the inner diameter of the workpiece to be measured, the double-head measuring rod 8 and the single-point measuring head 9 with proper dimensions can be selected and replaced, and the measuring range is wide.
The first measuring rod 2 and the second measuring rod 6 are of special-shaped structures respectively, and form a symmetrical structure about a horizontal line after being installed. In this embodiment, the first measuring rod 2 is sequentially provided with a first horizontal segment, a first inclined segment, a second horizontal segment, a second inclined segment and a third horizontal segment from the measuring end to the reading end, wherein the first inclined segment is inclined downwards, and the second inclined segment is inclined upwards. The second measuring rod 6 is sequentially provided with a fourth horizontal section, a third inclined section, a fifth horizontal section, a fourth inclined section and a sixth horizontal section from the measuring end to the reading end, wherein the third inclined section is inclined upwards, and the fourth inclined section is inclined downwards.
In an initial state (unused state), the second horizontal section and the fifth horizontal section are parallel to each other, the first inclined section and the third inclined section are symmetrically arranged about the second horizontal section and the fifth horizontal section, and the second inclined section and the fourth inclined section are symmetrically arranged about the second horizontal section and the fifth horizontal section. And the included angle between the first inclined section and the third inclined section is smaller than the included angle between the second inclined section and the fourth inclined section. A measuring space is formed between the first horizontal section and the fourth horizontal section by arranging the first inclined section and the third inclined section; and an adjusting space of the dial indicator 1 is formed between the third horizontal segment and the sixth horizontal segment by arranging the second inclined segment and the fourth inclined segment.
It will be appreciated that in other embodiments, the first measuring rod 2 and the second measuring rod 6 may have other shapes, as long as it is sufficient to form a measuring space at one end and an adjustment space at the other end.
The single-point measuring head 9 is vertically fixed on the first horizontal section of the first measuring rod 2, and the single-point measuring head 9 and the first measuring rod 2 can be in threaded connection, bolt connection or other connection modes. In this embodiment, the single-point measuring head 9 includes a spherical measuring head and a measuring head main body connected with the spherical measuring head as a whole, and the spherical measuring head is located outside the first measuring rod 2. It will be appreciated that in other embodiments, the stylus of the single point stylus 9 may also be a hemispherical stylus. In this embodiment, the probe body is a cylinder. It will be appreciated that in other embodiments, the stylus body may be rectangular or of other configurations, so long as it is capable of supporting a spherical stylus.
The double-end measuring rod 8 is fixed on the fourth horizontal section of the second measuring rod 6, and the double-end measuring rod 8 and the second measuring rod 6 can be in threaded connection, bolt connection or other connection modes. In this embodiment, the double-ended measuring rod 8 has two spherical measuring heads and a T-shaped body, and one spherical measuring head is fixed to each end of the T-shaped body. The spherical measuring head is fixed on the outer side of the second measuring rod 6. By arranging the spherical measuring head, point contact is formed between the spherical measuring head and the inner wall of the workpiece during measurement, and measurement errors caused when the inner wall is a curved surface are reduced. It will be appreciated that in other embodiments the stylus of the double-ended stylus 8 may also be a hemispherical stylus. In this embodiment, the T-shaped body is composed of mutually perpendicular round bars. It will be appreciated that in other embodiments, the T-shaped body may be formed from mutually perpendicular square bars.
The symmetry lines of the two spherical measuring heads of the double-head measuring rod 8 are perpendicular to the axis of the single-point measuring head 9, and the two spherical measuring heads are vertically bisected on the same plane, namely the axis of the single-point measuring head 9.
The dial indicator 1 penetrates through the third horizontal section of the first measuring rod 2 and is fixed with the third horizontal section, and the reading end of the dial indicator 1 is located on the outer side of the first measuring rod 2. The meter adjusting base 5 is installed on the upper surface (the side close to the first measuring rod 2) of the sixth horizontal section of the second measuring rod 6, and the meter adjusting base 5 is perpendicular to the sixth horizontal section. In the present embodiment, one end of the dial gauge 5 is screwed to the first measuring rod 2 so as to adjust the height of the dial gauge stand 5. The dial gauge seat 5 can adjust the measuring range by adjusting the expansion and contraction of the dial gauge 1.
And a limiting rod 4 vertically fixed with the sixth horizontal section is arranged on one side of the meter adjusting base 5, and the height of the limiting rod 4 is greater than the maximum height of the meter adjusting base 5. By arranging the limiting rod 4, the damage failure of the dial indicator 1 caused by the excessive compression of the head of the dial indicator 1 is prevented.
The upper surface of the third horizontal section of the first measuring rod 2 is provided with a groove 12 near the end, the lower surface of the sixth horizontal section of the second measuring rod 6 is provided with a groove 12 near the end, and the two grooves 12 correspond to each other. The groove 12 is formed along the width direction of the first measuring rod 2 and the second measuring rod 6 and used for being clamped into the rubber band 3 when in use, so that the angles of the first measuring rod 2 and the second measuring rod 6 are changed.
The embodiment can realize the inner diameter measurement of a flange workpiece and a box workpiece with a smaller opening and a larger inner diameter, and has the advantages of simple structure and high measurement precision.
The inner diameter measuring device of the embodiment adopts a relative measuring method, and the specific measuring process is as follows:
before measurement, a standard part with the same size as the measured hole is machined, and a proper single-point measuring head 9 and a proper double-head measuring rod 8 are selected. During adjustment, the included angle between the second horizontal section of the first measuring rod 2 and the fifth horizontal section of the second measuring rod 6 is zero, and the symmetry lines of the two spherical measuring heads of the double-head measuring rod 8 are perpendicular to the axis of the single-point measuring head 9 and are on the same plane.
Then, the zero position of the dial indicator 1 is adjusted by a standard component, and the height of the dial indicator seat 5 is properly adjusted, so that the pointer of the dial indicator 1 is stopped at the zero position. According to the principle of three-point circle, three contact points can determine the diameter of the circle.
In actually measuring the inner diameter of a workpiece, as shown in fig. 2 and 3, the workpiece includes a case 11 and a case cover 10, and an inner hole wall is formed between the case 11 and the case cover 10. Rubber bands 3 are arranged in reading end grooves 12 of the first measuring rod 2 and the second measuring rod 6, and the first measuring rod 2 and the second measuring rod 6 rotate around a pin shaft 7 under the tension of the rubber bands 3. The measuring ends of the first measuring rod 2 and the second measuring rod 6 are opened, and the two spherical measuring heads of the double-head measuring rod 8 and the single-point measuring head 9 can be in close contact with the inner hole wall of the workpiece. The numerical value change of the dial indicator 1 is the size difference between the workpiece and the standard part, and the inner diameter of the measured workpiece can be guaranteed to be qualified as long as the difference value is within the tolerance range of the inner hole.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present application and is not intended to limit the present application, and various modifications and changes may be made by those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and the like made within the spirit and principle of the present application shall be included in the protection scope of the present application.

Claims (9)

1. An inner diameter measuring device is characterized by comprising a first measuring rod and a second measuring rod which are rotatably connected, wherein one end of the first measuring rod and one end of the second measuring rod are measuring ends, and the other end of the first measuring rod and the other end of the second measuring rod are reading ends; the measuring end is oppositely provided with a single-point measuring head and a double-end measuring rod which are used for contacting with the inner wall of the workpiece, and the reading end is fixed with a dial indicator and a dial indicator seat corresponding to the dial indicator.
2. An inside diameter measuring device according to claim 1, wherein the single point stylus has one stylus and the double head stylus has two styli; the symmetrical lines of the two measuring heads of the double-head measuring rod are perpendicular to the axis of the single-point measuring head and are on the same plane.
3. An inner diameter measuring device according to claim 2, wherein the probe is a spherical probe or a hemispherical probe.
4. An inner diameter measuring device according to claim 1, wherein the first measuring rod and the second measuring rod are respectively of a special-shaped structure, and are arranged to form a symmetrical structure about a horizontal line.
5. The inner diameter measuring device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the dial indicator is fixed vertically to the first measuring rod, the dial seat is connected to the second measuring rod, and the height of the dial seat is adjustable.
6. An inner diameter measuring device according to claim 1 or 5, wherein a limit rod connected to the second measuring rod is provided at one side of the dial seat.
7. An inner diameter measuring device according to claim 6, wherein the height of the limiting rod is greater than the maximum height of the dial seat.
8. The inner diameter measuring device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the first measuring rod and the second measuring rod are respectively provided with a groove at opposite sides.
9. An inner diameter measuring device according to claim 1, wherein the first measuring rod and the second measuring rod are connected by a pin at a predetermined length position.
CN202020347073.9U 2020-03-18 2020-03-18 Inner diameter measuring device Expired - Fee Related CN211262076U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020347073.9U CN211262076U (en) 2020-03-18 2020-03-18 Inner diameter measuring device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202020347073.9U CN211262076U (en) 2020-03-18 2020-03-18 Inner diameter measuring device

Publications (1)

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CN211262076U true CN211262076U (en) 2020-08-14

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111238340A (en) * 2020-03-18 2020-06-05 山东大学 Inner diameter measuring device and method
CN112067299A (en) * 2020-09-11 2020-12-11 中国航发沈阳黎明航空发动机有限责任公司 Pipe insertion amount measuring device for aeroengine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111238340A (en) * 2020-03-18 2020-06-05 山东大学 Inner diameter measuring device and method
CN112067299A (en) * 2020-09-11 2020-12-11 中国航发沈阳黎明航空发动机有限责任公司 Pipe insertion amount measuring device for aeroengine

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20200814

Termination date: 20210318

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee