CN211194983U - Riveting equipment for automotive interior parts - Google Patents

Riveting equipment for automotive interior parts Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN211194983U
CN211194983U CN201921962898.5U CN201921962898U CN211194983U CN 211194983 U CN211194983 U CN 211194983U CN 201921962898 U CN201921962898 U CN 201921962898U CN 211194983 U CN211194983 U CN 211194983U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
servo
module
axis
riveting
axle
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201921962898.5U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
江浩
张建安
杜鹏飞
黄媚
林联盟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shanghai Electrical Apparatus Research Institute Group Co Ltd
Shanghai Electrical Apparatus Research Institute
Original Assignee
Shanghai Electrical Apparatus Research Institute Group Co Ltd
Shanghai Electrical Apparatus Research Institute
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shanghai Electrical Apparatus Research Institute Group Co Ltd, Shanghai Electrical Apparatus Research Institute filed Critical Shanghai Electrical Apparatus Research Institute Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN201921962898.5U priority Critical patent/CN211194983U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN211194983U publication Critical patent/CN211194983U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model relates to a be used for automotive interior spare riveting equipment, including servo module supporting mechanism, servo module supporting mechanism middle part is equipped with riveting work platform supporting mechanism, its characterized in that treats riveting piece mould fixed station top and is equipped with servo group module mechanism one, servo group module mechanism two, servo group module mechanism three, servo group module mechanism four that can move in X axle, Y axle, Z axle and B axle direction. The utility model adopts the design of a special 16-axis positioning mechanism and adopts a multi-axis motion instruction cooperative control technology; the workpiece to be riveted can be simultaneously riveted in four areas, 1/4 time is saved for riveting time, and the working efficiency is improved; the riveting position can be accurately riveted when the surface of the interior trim part is irregular and needs an inclined plane and a complex inclined plane, unnecessary complexity operability caused by changing a die and turning the die is reduced, and the production tact is greatly improved compared with the traditional method.

Description

Riveting equipment for automotive interior parts
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a be used for automotive interior spare riveting equipment.
Background
Currently, in the automotive industry, interior parts of automobiles are mostly manufactured by riveting. The existing riveting equipment for the automotive upholstery cannot meet the requirement of simultaneously riveting a plurality of positions in the aspect of efficiency, a positioning block or a positioning column is generally adopted to position a riveting point and then rivet, and the existing equipment uses a 3-axis automatic positioning system and then uses ultrasonic waves to rivet; in the aspect of riveting direction, automotive interior spare is extremely irregular, and current equipment can only carry out, horizontal riveting or perpendicular riveting to the horizontal plane, and to the point on the inclined plane, only partial point can just can rivet through the up-and-down motion conversion of mould, can greatly reduced takt like this, can not satisfy and carry out direct riveted task to the inclined plane position.
For example, an invention patent entitled "a riveting automation device" filed by becken intelligent technology (suzhou) limited discloses a riveting automation device, comprising: the rotary table can rotate, a plurality of positioning stations are arranged on the rotary table, a feeding station, a processing station and a riveting machine are sequentially arranged on the rotary table in the circumferential direction, the feeding station corresponds to one positioning station, the number of the processing stations is two, the two processing stations can sequentially process two ends of a workpiece, and the two riveting machines can sequentially perform riveting operation on the workpiece; the blanking station corresponds to the other positioning station in position; and the electric cabinet is electrically connected with the feeding station, the processing station, the riveting machine and the discharging station. The automatic riveting device can realize full-automatic riveting operation of automobile parts, does not need manual operation, reduces the labor intensity of workers, improves the processing precision and reduces the defective rate.
However, the above patent is applicable only to a small automobile component and a fixed horizontal plane, and cannot be applied to a component having a slightly large area and an irregular component.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model aims at: 1) can position up to four riveting points at the same time, carry on the riveting task, can greatly raise production efficiency; 2) when the riveting point is arranged on the inclined plane, the riveting angle can be adjusted by ultrasonic waves to perform riveting tasks without turning through a complex die.
In order to achieve the above object, the technical scheme of the utility model a be used for automotive interior spare riveting equipment is provided, including servo module supporting mechanism, servo module supporting mechanism middle part is equipped with riveting workstation supporting mechanism, it treats riveting piece mould fixed station to be equipped with on the riveting workstation supporting mechanism, treat that riveting piece mould is located and treat on the riveting piece mould fixed station, will treat that riveting piece mould presss from both sides tightly by locating the die clamping cylinder mechanism on the servo module supporting mechanism, a serial communication port, it can be at the X axle to treat that riveting piece mould fixed station top is equipped with the servo group module mechanism one that can move in X axle, the Y axle, Z axle and B axle direction, servo group module mechanism two, servo group module mechanism three, servo group module mechanism four, will define the rotation axis around the Y axle as the B axle.
Preferably, the middle part of the servo module supporting mechanism is further provided with a riveting nail storage box, and the riveting nail storage box is located on the side edge of the riveting workbench supporting mechanism.
Preferably, the first servo group module mechanism, the second servo group module mechanism, the third servo group module mechanism and the fourth servo group module mechanism have the same structure.
Preferably, the first servo group module mechanism, the second servo group module mechanism, the third servo group module mechanism and the fourth servo group module mechanism are respectively arranged at four corners of the servo module supporting mechanism.
Preferably, the first servo group module mechanism, the second servo group module mechanism, the third servo group module mechanism and the fourth servo group module mechanism all comprise X-axis servo sliding tables, and the X-axis servo sliding tables are driven by X-axis servo motors to move along the X axis; a Y-axis servo sliding table is arranged on the X-axis servo sliding table and is driven by a Y-axis servo motor to move on a Y-axis moving lead screw along the Y axis; a Z-axis servo shaft motor is arranged on the Y-axis servo sliding table, an output shaft of the Z-axis servo shaft motor is fixedly connected with the B-axis servo shaft motor, and the Z-axis servo shaft motor drives the B-axis servo shaft motor to move along the Z axis; and a rivet joint is arranged on an output shaft of the B-axis servo shaft motor, and the B-axis servo shaft motor drives the rivet joint to move along the B axis.
The utility model adopts the design of a special 16-axis positioning mechanism and adopts a multi-axis motion instruction cooperative control technology; the workpiece to be riveted can be simultaneously riveted in four areas, 1/4 time is saved for riveting time, and the working efficiency is improved; the riveting position can be accurately riveted when the surface of the interior trim part is irregular and needs an inclined plane and a complex inclined plane, unnecessary complexity operability caused by changing a die and turning the die is reduced, and the production tact is greatly improved compared with the traditional method.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a partial structure of the present invention;
fig. 3 to 5 are schematic views of the working principle of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further described with reference to the following specific examples. It should be understood that these examples are for illustrative purposes only and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. Furthermore, it should be understood that various changes and modifications of the present invention may be made by those skilled in the art after reading the teachings of the present invention, and these equivalents also fall within the scope of the appended claims.
As shown in fig. 1, the utility model provides a pair of be used for automotive interior spare riveting equipment includes: the riveting device comprises a servo group module mechanism I1, a servo group module mechanism II 2, a servo group module mechanism III 4, a servo group module mechanism IV 3, a riveting nail storage box 5, a servo module supporting mechanism 6, a riveting workbench supporting mechanism 7, a die fixing table 8 for a to-be-riveted part and a clamping cylinder 9 mechanism.
The middle part of the servo module supporting mechanism 6 is an area for placing automotive interior parts (workpieces to be riveted), and comprises a riveting workbench supporting mechanism 7 and a riveting nail storage box 5. The rivet nail storage box 5 is located on the side of the riveting workbench supporting mechanism 7. And a die fixing table 8 of a to-be-riveted piece is fixed on the riveting workbench supporting mechanism 7. The die of the part to be riveted is mounted on the die fixing table 8 of the part to be riveted.
The lower half part of the servo module supporting mechanism 6 is a clamping cylinder mechanism 9 consisting of four clamping cylinder mechanisms, and the die of the part to be riveted is clamped by the clamping cylinder mechanism 9.
With reference to fig. 3, the upper end of the present invention has four sets of servo axes (X-direction, Y-direction, Z-direction, B-direction), and defines the rotation axis around the Y-axis as the B-axis, which is responsible for trimming the riveting gun to the precise position to be riveted according to the set angle range. Named here as axis group one (including axes X1, Y1, Z1, B1), axis group two (including axes X4, Y4, Z4, B4), axis group three (including axes X3, Y3, Z3, B3), axis group four (including axes X4, Y4, Z4, B4). As described above, the B-axis is a shaft rotating around the Y-axis. The Xn, Yn and Zn shafts (wherein n = 1-4) are used for moving the riveting gun to the riveting position of the workpiece to be riveted.
Specifically, the first shaft group, the second shaft group, the third shaft group and the fourth shaft group respectively correspond to the first servo group module mechanism 1, the second servo group module mechanism 2, the third servo group module mechanism 4 and the fourth servo group module mechanism 3, and the first servo group module mechanism 1, the second servo group module mechanism 2, the third servo group module mechanism 4 and the fourth servo group module mechanism 3 have the same structure. As shown in fig. 2, the system comprises an axis group motion tank chain 10, an X-axis servo sliding table 11, an X-axis servo motor 12, a Y-axis servo motor 13, a Y-axis servo sliding table 14, a Z-axis servo axis motor 15, a B-axis servo axis motor 16 and a rivet joint 17. The riveting gun 17 and the B-axis servo axis motor 16 are both arranged on the Z1 axis and driven by the Z-axis servo axis motor 15 to move up and down on the Z axis. The whole structure on the Z1 shaft is fixed on a Y1 shaft motion lead screw through a connecting piece and is driven by a Y shaft servo motor 13 to move along the positive and negative directions of the Y shaft. The mechanical mechanism on the Y1 shaft is assembled on a lead screw on the X1 shaft through a connecting piece, and the X-axis servo motor 12 drives the Y-axis servo sliding table 14 to move in the positive and negative directions of the X shaft. The mechanical composition mechanism of the servo group module mechanism two 2, the servo group module mechanism three 4 and the servo group module mechanism four 3 is the same as the composition mechanism of the servo group module mechanism one 1, and the assembling and moving processes are the same.
In fig. 4, the workpiece to be riveted is divided into four regions, which correspond to the riveting regions of the mechanical servo axes (Xn, Yn, Zn) (n = 1-4), wherein fig. 4 shows 20 holes as non-normal holes at an angle to the surface of the workpiece, fig. 4 shows 22 and fig. 5 shows 25 holes as non-normal holes at an angle to the surface of the workpiece, such holes need to be riveted in conjunction with the B-axis linkage;
figure 5 shows the same staking holes as in figure 4 on the workpiece surface, but with 24 sides being a bevel and 25 being an illustration of one of the staking holes on the bevel.
The operation process of the equipment comprises the following steps: controlling multi-axis movement to the position of the riveting point to rivet and divide the riveting point into four areas for simultaneous riveting, wherein the areas are divided into a Region I1 = a shaft group-one riveting area I18, a Region2= a shaft group-two riveting area II 19, a Region3= a shaft group-three riveting area III 21 and a Region4= a shaft group-four riveting area IV 23 in fig. 4; riveted interior trim parts are classified into three types according to the position of a riveting hole: p1= staking hole 20 of fig. 4 in a flat plane, P2= staking hole 22 of fig. 4 in the Z-axis perpendicular direction, and P3= staking hole 37 in plane 36 of fig. 5 not perpendicular to the Z-axis and not parallel to the X/Y-axis.
When a P1 type interior trim part is to be riveted, the interior trim part is placed on a die fixing table 8 to be riveted and is positioned through a positioning screw on the die fixing table, then the to-be-riveted part is clamped through 4 groups of clamping cylinders 9, a motion control command is sent by P L C above an area Region1, an X-axis servo shaft motor of a control shaft group moves to drive a motion tank chain 10 of the shaft group and an X-axis servo sliding table 11 of the shaft group to move towards the X-axis direction, a Y-axis servo motor 13 of the control shaft group moves to drive a Y-axis servo sliding table 14 of the shaft group to move towards the Y-axis direction, the XY direction moves to a position right above a plurality of holes on the P1 interior trim part, a B-axis servo shaft motor 16 of the shaft group and a riveting gun 17 are driven to move to the riveting holes by a shaft group Z-axis servo shaft motor 15 of the shaft group, the riveting gun 17 is riveted, the riveting gun 17 is used for riveting, the X1-axis riveting, Y56 1-axis riveting and Z7 axis riveting axes return to the next workpiece to the original point to be processed by a servo mechanism, the servo mechanism of the servo mechanism regions of the servo mechanism regions of the servo shaft group, the servo mechanism;
when the P2 and P3 type interior decorations are riveted, the processing process of the interior decoration of the same riveting P1 type is newly increased: the angle of the B1 axis direction is adjusted by controlling the axis set-B axis servo axis motor 16 to align the muzzle of the #1 riveting gun 17 with the riveting hole for riveting.
The detailed steps are as follows:
1: putting the upper and lower plates of a workpiece to be riveted together on a die fixing table 8 of a workpiece to be riveted and hooking the workpiece by using a clamping cylinder 9;
2: the box with the rivets is tidily arranged through a vibrating disk and is conveyed into a riveting gun through an air pipe (the vibrating disk mechanism is standard equipment, so that the vibrating disk mechanism is omitted in the figure);
3, sending a command by P L C to control the operation of returning to zero to the X + axis Y + axis Z + axis B, and returning the 16 axes to the mechanical origin;
4, sending an instruction to reset an output point by P L C, and controlling the electromagnetic valve to reset four cylinders such as a clamping cylinder (9) and the like, namely returning to the original position of the horizontal plane;
5, after the 3 and 4 steps of zeroing are finished, positioning and riveting an interior trim part without the requirement of inclined plane riveting by the shaft X, Y, Z controlled by P L C, and riveting by the shaft X, Y, Z and the shaft B controlled by P L C when the interior trim part with the requirement of inclined plane or different plane riveting moves to the riveting position cooperatively;
6: after the riveting is finished, returning each shaft to the original point, taking out the finished product, and riveting the next workpiece, thereby circulating.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a be used for automotive interior spare riveting equipment, including servo module supporting mechanism (6), servo module supporting mechanism (6) middle part is equipped with riveting work platform supporting mechanism (7), be equipped with on riveting work platform supporting mechanism (7) and wait to rivet a piece mould fixed station (8), wait to rivet a piece mould and locate and wait to rivet on piece mould fixed station (8), it will wait to rivet the piece mould to press from both sides tightly by pressing from both sides tight cylinder mechanism (9) of locating on servo module supporting mechanism (6), a serial communication port, it can be in X axle, Y axle, servo group module mechanism one (1) of Z axle and B axle direction action to be equipped with above waiting to rivet piece mould fixed station (8), servo group module mechanism two (2), servo group module mechanism three (4), servo group module mechanism four (3), will define the rotation axis around Y axle as the B axle.
2. The riveting equipment for automotive upholsteries according to claim 1, characterized in that the middle of the servo module supporting mechanism (6) is further provided with a rivet storage box (5), and the rivet storage box (5) is positioned at the side of the riveting workbench supporting mechanism (7).
3. The riveting equipment for automotive upholsteries as claimed in claim 1, wherein the servo group module mechanism I (1), the servo group module mechanism II (2), the servo group module mechanism III (4) and the servo group module mechanism IV (3) have the same structure.
4. The riveting apparatus for automotive upholsteries according to claim 3, wherein the servo group module mechanism I (1), the servo group module mechanism II (2), the servo group module mechanism III (4) and the servo group module mechanism IV (3) are respectively arranged at four corners of the servo module supporting mechanism (6).
5. The riveting equipment for the automotive upholstery according to claim 4, wherein the first servo group module mechanism (1), the second servo group module mechanism (2), the third servo group module mechanism (4) and the fourth servo group module mechanism (3) comprise X-axis servo sliding tables (11), and the X-axis servo sliding tables (11) are driven by X-axis servo motors (12) to move along the X axis; a Y-axis servo sliding table (14) is arranged on the X-axis servo sliding table (11), and a Y-axis servo motor (13) drives the Y-axis servo sliding table (14) to move on a Y-axis movement lead screw along the Y axis; a Z-axis servo shaft motor (15) is arranged on the Y-axis servo sliding table (14), an output shaft of the Z-axis servo shaft motor (15) is fixedly connected with a B-axis servo shaft motor (16), and the Z-axis servo shaft motor (15) drives the B-axis servo shaft motor (16) to move along the Z axis; the output shaft of the B-axis servo shaft motor (16) is provided with a riveting head (17), and the B-axis servo shaft motor (16) drives the riveting head (17) to move along the B axis.
CN201921962898.5U 2019-11-14 2019-11-14 Riveting equipment for automotive interior parts Active CN211194983U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921962898.5U CN211194983U (en) 2019-11-14 2019-11-14 Riveting equipment for automotive interior parts

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921962898.5U CN211194983U (en) 2019-11-14 2019-11-14 Riveting equipment for automotive interior parts

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211194983U true CN211194983U (en) 2020-08-07

Family

ID=71885589

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921962898.5U Active CN211194983U (en) 2019-11-14 2019-11-14 Riveting equipment for automotive interior parts

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211194983U (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102699221B (en) Loading and unloading manipulator
CN102699225B (en) Loading and unloading manipulator for machining aluminum frame assembly
CN202427963U (en) Manipulator device of numerical control machine tool
CN203266113U (en) Car front door production line
CN108326476B (en) Flexible automatic welding system for tower shoes of communication tower
CN2413832Y (en) Digital driving mechanism for high speed electric spark small hole working equipment
CN110842623B (en) Flexible manufacturing unit for various small-batch box parts
CN103192273A (en) Automobile front door production line
CN105855778A (en) Flexible positioning mechanism for car body welding production line
CN111152245A (en) Robotized intelligent tool system
CN211194983U (en) Riveting equipment for automotive interior parts
CN111376099B (en) Working method of hydraulic buffer type tray exchange device
CN203292924U (en) Automatic feeding and discharge structure of engraving and milling machine
CN102513871A (en) Pneumatic-electric processing equipment, control method of pneumatic-electric processing equipment and automatic processing production line formed by pneumatic-electric processing equipment
CN110682002B (en) Automatic change radium carving equipment
CN202398901U (en) Six-shaft vertical numerical-control gear chamfering machine
CN105904127A (en) Flexible transferring production line for car body
CN207953432U (en) Rubber numerical control edging machine
CN108436540A (en) Workpiece locating mechanism and automated processing machine tool
CN204248471U (en) Possesses the five-axle linked blade machining tool of workpiece automated exchanged cutter
CN113001687B (en) Machining center and machining method for switching clamping, feeding, discharging, machining and positioning
CN214135068U (en) Gantry machining center
CN213003509U (en) Special production device for automatic warehouse shuttle beam
CN209598753U (en) A kind of CNC auxiliary clamp
CN210099379U (en) Intelligent welding system for welding upper cover fixing block of hydraulic torque converter

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant