CN211027053U - Straw grading straw material drainage device - Google Patents

Straw grading straw material drainage device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211027053U
CN211027053U CN201921999957.6U CN201921999957U CN211027053U CN 211027053 U CN211027053 U CN 211027053U CN 201921999957 U CN201921999957 U CN 201921999957U CN 211027053 U CN211027053 U CN 211027053U
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China
Prior art keywords
straw
machine
sieve plate
drainage
grading
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CN201921999957.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵玉松
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Hubei Sunshine New Energy Technology Co ltd
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Hubei Sunshine New Energy Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a straw grading straw material drainage device, which relates to the field of straw recovery and specifically comprises a base, wherein a machine body is arranged on the base through a support rod; the middle part of the inside of the top of the machine body is provided with a sieve plate, the top end of the sieve plate is rotationally connected with the inner wall of the machine body, the bottom end of the sieve plate extends out of the machine body, a discharge hole is formed in the joint of the machine body and the bottom end of the sieve plate, the bottom surface of the bottom end of the sieve plate is rotationally connected with the position of the rotary table, which deviates from the circle center, through a connecting rod, a horizontal support plate is welded below the discharge hole on the outer wall of the machine body; the top of the machine body is fixedly provided with a feeding hole. In the use process of the utility model, the straw is screened and repeatedly crushed, thus effectively improving the practicability of the drainage device; and the feeding port is provided with the roller and the blanking rod, so that the straws are raked into the machine body, and the blockage of the straws at the blanking port is effectively avoided.

Description

Straw grading straw material drainage device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a straw field of retrieving specifically is a hierarchical straw material drainage device of straw.
Background
The straw is a general term of stem leaf (ear) part of mature crops. Typically refers to the remainder of the wheat, rice, corn, potatoes, oilseed rape, cotton, sugar cane and other crops (typically roughages) after harvesting the seed. More than half of the products of crop photosynthesis exist in the straws, and the straws are rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, organic matters and the like, are multipurpose renewable biological resources, and are also coarse feed. It features high coarse fibre content (30-40%), and lignin content. Although the lignocellulose cannot be utilized by pigs and chickens, the lignocellulose can be absorbed and utilized by livestock such as ruminants, cattle and sheep.
Currently, straw resources are increasingly used in many fields, such as: straw returning, straw papermaking, straw plastic, straw biogas, straw power generation, straw ethanol and the like. In different application fields, the technical modes of straw conversion mainly include physical conversion, thermochemical conversion, biological conversion and the like; although the straw conversion and utilization modes are more, the defects of low conversion efficiency, harsh conversion conditions, poor conversion and utilization economy and the like generally exist. Therefore, the straw is increasingly concerned in trying to carry out high-value grading utilization. Cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin in the straw are effectively separated and further converted into a product with a high added value, so that the method is a most potential utilization mode for industrial application of straw resources. Steam explosion is a more studied grading method at present. Such as: the secondary steam explosion method is adopted, so that the separation of straw cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin can be carried out; by combining steam explosion with a water extraction method, hemicellulose can be separated, the cellulose can be further utilized through ethanol fermentation, and lignin can be extracted from fermented residues, so that the maximization of straw utilization is realized.
When fermenting straw in grades, need carry out the drainage to the straw material, current drainage device does not possess the screening function to the straw when using, and this grading effect that probably can influence the straw.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a straw grading straw material drainage device to solve the problem that proposes among the above-mentioned background art.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme:
a straw grading straw material drainage device comprises a base, wherein two ends of the upper surface of the base are respectively and fixedly connected with the bottom end of a vertically-installed supporting rod, and the top ends of the supporting rods are respectively and fixedly connected with two ends of the bottom surface of a machine body;
the middle part of the inside of the top of the machine body is provided with a sieve plate, the top end of the sieve plate is rotationally connected with the inner wall of the machine body, the bottom end of the sieve plate extends out of the machine body, a discharge hole is formed in the joint of the machine body and the bottom end of the sieve plate, the bottom surface of the bottom end of the sieve plate is rotationally connected with the top end of a connecting rod, the bottom end of the connecting rod is rotationally connected with the position of the rotary table deviated from the circle center, the rotary table is rotationally arranged on the inner wall of the machine body through a support and is driven to rotate by an external motor, a horizontal support plate is welded;
the top of the machine body is fixedly provided with a feeding hole.
As a further aspect of the present invention: the bottom of organism is established to leaking hopper-shaped, and the discharge gate has been seted up to the bottom of organism.
As a further aspect of the present invention: the sieve plate is inclined and the inclination angle is set to be 15 degrees.
As a further aspect of the present invention: the feed inlet and the machine body are integrally formed.
As a further aspect of the present invention: the utility model discloses a feeding device, including feed inlet, rotary shaft, cylinder, a plurality of blanking pole, the feed inlet is installed to the feed inlet internal rotation, and the cylinder has been cup jointed outward to the rotary shaft, and even welding has a plurality of blanking pole on the outer wall of cylinder, and the one end of two rotary shafts all stretches out the feed inlet outer weld and has the gear, and connects the gear specification of two rotary shafts the same and intermeshing, and the other end of one of them rotary shaft stretches out the feed inlet outer with the output shaft fixed connection of.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that: in the use process of the utility model, the straw is screened and filtered through the sieve plate, so that the straw which reaches the standard is discharged through the discharge port, the fermentation work is carried out, the straw which does not reach the standard is discharged through the discharge port and falls into the recycling box, and the straw is sent to the crusher again through the recycling box to be repeatedly crushed until the straw reaches the standard, and the practicability of the drainage device is effectively improved; and the feeding port is provided with the roller and the blanking rod, so that the straws are raked into the machine body, and the blockage of the straws at the blanking port is effectively avoided.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a straw grading straw material drainage device.
FIG. 2 is a top view of a feed inlet in a straw grading straw material drainage device.
As shown in the figure: the device comprises a base 1, a support rod 2, a discharge hole 3, a machine body 4, a support plate 5, a recovery box 6, a rotary table 7, a connecting rod 8, a discharge hole 9, a sieve plate 10, a feed inlet 11, a motor 12, a roller 13, a blanking rod 14, a rotating shaft 15 and a gear 16.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "upper", "lower", "inner", "outer", "top/bottom", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplification of description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first" and "second" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted", "provided", "sleeved/connected", "connected", and the like are to be understood in a broad sense, such as "connected", which may be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
Referring to fig. 1-2, in the embodiment of the present invention, a straw grading straw material drainage device includes a base 1, two ends of an upper surface of the base 1 are respectively and fixedly connected with a bottom end of a vertically installed support rod 2, top ends of the support rods 2 are respectively and fixedly connected with two ends of a bottom surface of a machine body 4, a bottom of the machine body 4 is funnel-shaped, and a discharge port 3 is disposed at the bottom of the machine body 4, so that when in use, materials can be completely discharged through the discharge port 3;
the inside mid-mounting in top of organism 4 has sieve 10, sieve 10 is the slope form and inclination sets up to 15, the top of sieve 10 is connected with the inner wall rotation of organism 4, the bottom of sieve 10 stretches out outside organism 4 and the bottom junction of organism 4 and sieve 10 has seted up bin outlet 9, the bottom surface of sieve 10 is connected with the top of connecting rod 8 is rotated, the bottom of connecting rod 8 is connected with the position rotation of the skew centre of a circle of carousel 7, carousel 7 rotates through the support and installs on the inner wall of organism 4, and carousel 7 is driven by external motor (not drawn in the figure) and rotates, horizontal backup pad 5 is welded to the below that is located bin outlet 9 on the outer wall of organism 4, slidable mounting has collection box 6 on backup pad 5, collect the straw of selecting through collection box 6, during the use, carousel 7 drives sieve 10 through connecting rod 8 and produces vibrations, therefore, after the materials fall on the sieve plate 10, the materials are screened through the vibration of the sieve plate 10, the straw materials meeting the fermentation requirement are discharged through the discharge port 3 to perform fermentation work, the straw materials which do not meet the standard are discharged from the discharge port 9 and fall into the recovery box 6, then the straw materials in the recovery box 6 are placed into the crusher to be repeatedly crushed, the drainage device has a screening function on the straws through the sieve plate 10, and the practicability of the drainage device is improved;
the top of the machine body 4 is fixedly provided with a feed inlet 11, the feed inlet 11 and the machine body 4 are integrally formed, two parallel rotating shafts 15 are rotatably arranged in the feed inlet 11, a roller 13 is sleeved outside the rotating shafts 15, a plurality of blanking rods 14 are uniformly welded on the outer wall of the roller 13, gears 16 are welded at one ends of the two rotating shafts 15, which extend out of the feed inlet 11, the gears 16 connecting the two rotating shafts 15 have the same specification and are mutually meshed, the other end of one rotating shaft 15 extends out of the feed inlet 11 and is fixedly connected with an output shaft of a motor 12, the motor 12 is fixedly arranged on the outer wall of the feed inlet 11 through bolts, the model of the motor 12 is Y132S-6, a power supply port of the motor 12 is connected with an external power supply system through a switch, so as to control the rotation of the motor, when in use, one rotating shaft 15 is driven to rotate, thereby driving the roller 13 and the blanking rod 14 to rotate, raking the straw materials into the machine body 4, and effectively avoiding the blockage at the feed port 11.
Although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that modifications may be made to the embodiments or portions thereof without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, and the following claims are therefore to be read in this light of the appended claims.

Claims (5)

1. A straw grading straw material drainage device comprises a base (1) and is characterized in that two ends of the upper surface of the base (1) are fixedly connected with the bottom end of a vertically-installed supporting rod (2) respectively, and the top ends of the supporting rods (2) are fixedly connected with two ends of the bottom surface of a machine body (4) respectively; the machine is characterized in that a sieve plate (10) is installed in the middle of the inside of the top of the machine body (4), the top end of the sieve plate (10) is rotatably connected with the inner wall of the machine body (4), the bottom end of the sieve plate (10) extends out of the machine body (4), a discharge hole (9) is formed in the joint of the bottom end of the machine body (4) and the sieve plate (10), the bottom end of the sieve plate (10) is rotatably connected with the top end of a connecting rod (8), the bottom end of the connecting rod (8) is rotatably connected with the position, deviating from the circle center, of a turntable (7), the turntable (7) is rotatably installed on the inner wall of the machine body (4) through a support, the turntable (7) is driven to rotate by an external motor, a horizontal support plate (5) is welded below the discharge hole (9) on the outer; the top of the machine body (4) is fixedly provided with a feeding hole (11).
2. The straw grading straw material drainage device according to claim 1, wherein the bottom of the machine body (4) is funnel-shaped, and the bottom of the machine body (4) is provided with the discharge hole (3).
3. The straw graded straw material drainage device according to claim 1, wherein the sieve plate (10) is inclined and the inclination angle is set to be 15 °.
4. The straw grading straw material flow guide device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the feed inlet (11) is formed integrally with the machine body (4).
5. The straw grading straw material drainage device according to claim 1, wherein two parallel rotating shafts (15) are rotatably mounted in the feed port (11), a roller (13) is sleeved outside the rotating shafts (15), a plurality of blanking rods (14) are uniformly welded on the outer wall of the roller (13), gears (16) are welded outside the feed port (11) and extend out of one ends of the two rotating shafts (15), the gears (16) connecting the two rotating shafts (15) are identical in specification and meshed with each other, the other end of one rotating shaft (15) extends out of the feed port (11) and is fixedly connected with an output shaft of a motor (12), and the motor (12) is fixedly mounted on the outer wall of the feed port (11) through bolts.
CN201921999957.6U 2019-11-19 2019-11-19 Straw grading straw material drainage device Active CN211027053U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921999957.6U CN211027053U (en) 2019-11-19 2019-11-19 Straw grading straw material drainage device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921999957.6U CN211027053U (en) 2019-11-19 2019-11-19 Straw grading straw material drainage device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211027053U true CN211027053U (en) 2020-07-17

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921999957.6U Active CN211027053U (en) 2019-11-19 2019-11-19 Straw grading straw material drainage device

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111974670A (en) * 2020-08-07 2020-11-24 孟轲 Waste steel slag recovery treatment equipment and use method thereof

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111974670A (en) * 2020-08-07 2020-11-24 孟轲 Waste steel slag recovery treatment equipment and use method thereof

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