CN211011385U - Plasma gasification furnace and waste incineration power plant's innocent treatment system - Google Patents

Plasma gasification furnace and waste incineration power plant's innocent treatment system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211011385U
CN211011385U CN201921726156.2U CN201921726156U CN211011385U CN 211011385 U CN211011385 U CN 211011385U CN 201921726156 U CN201921726156 U CN 201921726156U CN 211011385 U CN211011385 U CN 211011385U
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gasification furnace
plasma gasification
waste
power plant
plasma
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孙萍
罗康
杨国祥
赵渊
胡克勤
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Wuhan Fengying Energy Technology Engineering Co ltd
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Wuhan Fengying Energy Technology Engineering Co ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency
    • Y02P20/129Energy recovery, e.g. by cogeneration, H2recovery or pressure recovery turbines

Abstract

The utility model relates to a plasma gasification furnace is innocent treatment system of msw incineration power plant in coordination, including the rubbish hole, the waste incinerator, exhaust-heat boiler, the gas cleaning system, the granulator, filtration liquid processing apparatus and steam turbine, the gas cleaning system includes the desulfurizing tower, sack cleaner and denitrification facility, innocent treatment system still includes the plasma gasification furnace, filtration liquid that the rubbish hole produced produces the leachate concentrate after filtration liquid processing apparatus handles, the leachate concentrate and the flying dust that the sack cleaner collected mix after, make flying dust granule by the granulator, send to the plasma gasification furnace and handle; calcium sulfate generated by the desulfurizing tower is used as a fluxing agent of the plasma gasification furnace; and the synthesis gas generated by burning the plasma gasification furnace is sent to a garbage burning furnace for burning, and the waste denitration catalyst of the denitration device is sent to the plasma gasification furnace for treatment after being crushed. The utility model discloses can solve the remaining solid useless of msw incineration power plant, the useless difficult processing of danger, problem such as with high costs.

Description

Plasma gasification furnace and waste incineration power plant's innocent treatment system
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a domestic waste burns the field, and more specifically says, relates to a plasma gasifier is innocent treatment system of msw incineration power plant in coordination.
Background
The urban domestic garbage shows the trends of increasing the incineration power generation proportion year by year and decreasing the landfill proportion year by year in the treatment mode, and the incineration power generation is rapidly becoming the leading direction of the domestic garbage treatment. Along with the expansion of the quantity and the scale of the waste incineration power plants, the quantity of the residual waste after incineration is more and more, wherein waste incineration fly ash, waste denitration catalysts, waste activated carbon after absorbing dioxin and heavy metals and the like belong to dangerous waste.
The fly ash is the most dangerous waste in the production of the waste incineration power plant. The water content of the household garbage is high, the water content of the household garbage entering a factory is generally up to 60%, the household garbage needs to be stacked in a garbage pit of a garbage incineration power plant for 4-7 days, the generated leachate is purified and then discharged or recycled up to the standard, the leachate is purified and treated to generate concentrated solution and sludge, the concentrated solution and the sludge contain harmful substances such as heavy metals, and the safe landfill treatment is generally carried out. Aiming at the current situations of short storage capacity and serious land pollution of the current landfill, safe landfill is not the best disposal scheme. At present, a semi-dry desulphurization process is mainly adopted in a waste incineration power plant, and a desulphurization byproduct is calcium sulfate, which is generally crystallized to form calcium sulfate dihydrate, also called industrial gypsum. At present, the comprehensive utilization rate of industrial byproduct gypsum is only 48.1%, and due to different gypsum requirements in different regions and high transportation cost, the byproduct gypsum of a plurality of waste incineration power plants cannot be treated, and the environment and the land are polluted after the accumulation time is long.
At present, a power plant also adopts a mode of spraying activated carbon powder into a flue to absorb dioxin, heavy metal and the like in flue gas, and the generated waste activated carbon is collected together with fly ash in a bag-type dust collector; when the power plant adopts the SCR denitration process, the core is the catalyst, the service life of the catalyst is generally 5 years at most, the catalyst becomes dangerous waste after the service life is over, regeneration treatment is generally carried out, but the catalyst cannot be infinitely regenerated, resource treatment is needed after 2-3 times of regeneration, the treatment cost is more than 2000 yuan/ton, and certain economic burden is brought to the waste incineration power plant.
In conclusion, while the household garbage incineration power plant effectively utilizes household garbage to incinerate and generate electricity, a large amount of solid wastes and hazardous wastes such as percolate concentrated solution, sludge, fly ash, waste activated carbon, waste denitration catalyst and the like can be generated, the currently adopted treatment mode generally adopts a safe landfill mode, and under the conditions of short storage capacity, serious land pollution and high treatment cost of the domestic landfill site at present, the treatment problem of the solid wastes and the hazardous wastes generated by the household garbage incineration power plant urgently needs to be effectively solved.
Disclosure of Invention
The to-be-solved technical problem of the utility model is to provide a plasma gasifier is in coordination with the innocent treatment system and method of msw incineration power plant, can solve the remaining solid useless of msw incineration power plant, the useless difficult processing of danger, problem such as with high costs.
The utility model provides a technical scheme that its technical problem adopted is: the harmless treatment system of the plasma gasification furnace and waste incineration power plant is constructed and comprises a waste pit, a waste incinerator, a waste heat boiler, a flue gas purification system, a granulator, a percolate treatment device and a steam turbine, wherein the flue gas purification system comprises a desulfurization tower, a bag-type dust collector and a denitration device; calcium sulfate generated by the desulfurizing tower is used as a fluxing agent of the plasma gasification furnace; and the synthesis gas generated by burning the plasma gasification furnace is sent to a garbage burning furnace for burning, and the waste denitration catalyst of the denitration device is sent to the plasma gasification furnace for treatment after being crushed.
In the scheme, the desulfurization tower adopts a semi-dry process.
In the scheme, the garbage incinerator is provided with the synthesis gas burner, and the synthesis gas burner is connected with the synthesis gas outlet of the plasma gasification furnace.
In the scheme, the plasma gasification furnace is also provided with a household garbage inlet.
The utility model also provides a plasma gasifier is innocent treatment method of msw incineration power plant in coordination, including following step:
step 1: the domestic garbage is directly poured into the garbage pit after being transported into a factory by a garbage transport vehicle, the moisture in the domestic garbage flows out through a filter screen at the bottom of the garbage pit in the form of percolate, and the percolate is treated by a percolate treatment device and then is discharged after reaching the standard to generate percolate concentrated solution;
step 2: the household garbage in the step 1 is pretreated and then sent to a household garbage incinerator for incineration, high-temperature flue gas is subjected to heat exchange through a waste heat boiler to generate steam, a steam turbine is pushed to generate electricity, and the cooled flue gas firstly passes through a desulfurization device to generate a byproduct calcium sulfate;
and step 3: active carbon powder is sprayed in a flue between a desulfurizing tower and a bag-type dust collector and is used for adsorbing dioxin and heavy metals in flue gas, and the waste active carbon powder is finally collected in the bag-type dust collector to form fly ash;
and 4, step 4: introducing the desulfurized flue gas into a bag-type dust collector, filtering out fly ash, adsorbing heavy metals and dioxin in the flue gas by spraying activated carbon, and discharging waste activated carbon and fly ash from the bottom of the bag-type dust collector; after passing through a bag-type dust collector, the flue gas enters a denitration device to remove NOxFinally, discharging through a chimney;
part of the domestic garbage in the step 1 is used as a raw material of the plasma gasification furnace to provide heat; mixing the percolate concentrated solution with the fly ash generated in the step 3, granulating by a granulator, and sending into a plasma gasification furnace for treatment; calcium sulfate generated in the step 2 is used as a cosolvent and forms a eutectic with heavy metal in the plasma gasification furnace to realize slag tapping, and the slag tapping is quenched with water to form vitreous body bottom slag; the waste denitration catalyst in the step 3 is crushed and then sent to a plasma gasification furnace for treatment; the synthetic gas generated by the plasma gasification furnace is sent to the household garbage incinerator to recover heat.
Implement the utility model discloses a plasma gasification furnace is innocent treatment system of msw incineration power plant in coordination has following beneficial effect:
1. the utility model discloses a domestic waste incineration power plant is useless admittedly, the useless zero release of danger has solved domestic waste incineration power plant and has been difficult to handle the dilemma of residues such as flying dust, leachate concentrate, mud in the past.
2. The waste activated carbon can not only thoroughly destroy dioxin and solidify heavy metals, but also provide heat for the plasma gasifier, so that the power consumption of the system is reduced, calcium sulfate is used as a cosolvent in innovative proposition, the ash melting point can be effectively reduced, liquid-state slag discharge is realized, and effective utilization of desulfurization byproducts can also be realized.
3. The waste denitration catalyst is treated, so that the economic burden of a waste incineration power plant is reduced; the synthetic gas generated by the plasma gasification furnace is sent to the garbage incinerator to recover energy, and the boiler efficiency and the overall power generation efficiency are improved.
Drawings
The invention will be further explained with reference to the drawings and examples, wherein:
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a harmless treatment system of a plasma gasification furnace in cooperation with a waste incineration plant according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a flow chart of the harmless treatment method of the plasma gasification furnace and waste incineration power plant of the present invention.
Detailed Description
In order to clearly understand the technical features, objects, and effects of the present invention, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
As shown in figure 1, the utility model discloses plasma gasifier 3 is innocent treatment system in coordination with msw incineration power plant, including rubbish hole 1, waste incinerator 2, plasma gasifier 3, exhaust-heat boiler 4, gas cleaning system, granulator 9, filtration liquid processing apparatus 10 and steam turbine 11.
The bottom of the garbage pit 1 is provided with a filter screen and a percolate collecting pool for discharging and collecting percolate; the percolate treatment device 10 is a selective permeation membrane reactor, and after the percolate is treated, harmful substances such as heavy metals and the like are retained in percolate concentrated solution, and part of the permeated membrane is discharged or recycled after reaching the standard.
The garbage incinerator 2 is a grate furnace or a circulating fluidized bed boiler 4, a synthetic gas burner is arranged on a combustion chamber, and the synthetic gas burner is connected with a synthetic gas outlet of the plasma gasification furnace 3 through a pipeline. The flue gas purification system comprises a desulfurizing tower 5, a bag-type dust collector 6, an SCR denitration device and a chimney 8. Desulfurizing tower 5 adopts the semidry process technology, and the by-product calcium sulfate melting point is low, can regard as the cosolvent in the glass production process, the utility model discloses the innovative adoption calcium sulfate is as 3 fluxing agents of plasma gasifier for reduce the ash melting point of reactant, realize the slag tap.
Fly ash (containing waste activated carbon powder) containing harmful substances such as dioxin, heavy metals and the like is collected below the bag-type dust collector 6 and is separately collected and stored.
The SCR denitration device 7 is a selective catalytic reduction technology, is the most mature flue gas denitration technology at present, and most of catalysts used in SCR are TiO2As a carrier, with V2O5Or V2O5-WO3Or V2O5-MoO3Is an active component, and becomes dangerous waste after the service life of the catalyst is over.
The fly ash granulator 9 mixes the percolate concentrated solution and fly ash to prepare fly ash particles.
The plasma gasification furnace 3 is used for treating percolate concentrated solution, fly ash (containing waste activated carbon) and waste denitration catalyst generated by the waste incineration power plant, and the generated synthesis gas is sent to the waste incinerator 2 for incineration to recover heat. The plasma gasification furnace 3 is an arc plasma gasification furnace 3 and consists of a plasma torch and a gasification furnace 3 body, the central temperature can reach 5000 ℃, harmful substances such as dioxin and the like are thoroughly destroyed, liquid-state slag discharge can be realized after calcium sulfate fluxing agent is added, the liquid-state slag discharge forms vitreous body slag after water quenching, and the leaching rate of the harmful substances is lower than the European Union standard.
As shown in fig. 2, the utility model also provides a plasma gasification furnace 3 is in coordination with the innocent treatment method of msw incineration power plant, including the following steps:
step 1: after being transported into a factory by a garbage transport vehicle, the household garbage is directly poured into a garbage pit 1 and stacked for 4-7 days, the moisture in the household garbage flows out through a filter screen at the bottom of the garbage pit 1 in the form of percolate, and the percolate is treated by a water treatment system and then is discharged after reaching the standard, so that a small amount of percolate concentrated solution is generated;
step 2: after the household garbage is stacked for 4-7 days, the water content reaches the charging level (about 40%), the household garbage is pretreated and then sent to the household garbage incinerator 2 for incineration, and the high-temperature flue gas generates steam through heat exchange of the waste heat boiler 4 to push the steam turbine 11 to generate power. The cooled flue gas firstly passes through a desulphurization device to remove SO2And the like, and produces calcium sulfate as a byproduct;
and step 3: activated carbon powder is sprayed in a flue between the desulfurizing tower 5 and the bag-type dust collector 6 and is used for adsorbing harmful substances such as dioxin, heavy metals and the like in flue gas, and the waste activated carbon powder is finally collected in the bag-type dust collector 6;
and 4, step 4: the desulfurized flue gas is introduced into a bag-type dust collector 6, fly ash is filtered, meanwhile, the activated carbon is sprayed to adsorb toxic components such as heavy metal, dioxin and the like in the flue gas, and the waste activated carbon and the fly ash are discharged from the bottom of the bag-type dust collector 6. After passing through a bag-type dust collector 6, the flue gas enters an SCR denitration device to remove NOx, and finally is discharged after reaching the standard through a chimney 8;
and 5: a small amount of domestic garbage in the step 1 is used as a raw material of the plasma gasification furnace 3 to provide heat, so that the power consumption of a torch of the plasma gasification furnace 3 is reduced, and the economy of the plasma gasification furnace is improved; mixing the percolate concentrated solution generated in the step 1 and the step 2 with the fly ash generated in the step 3, granulating by a granulator 9, and sending into a plasma gasification furnace 3 for treatment;
step 6: calcium sulfate generated in the step 2 is used as a cosolvent and forms a eutectic with heavy metals in the plasma gasifier 3 to realize slag tapping, and the slag tapping is quenched with water to form vitreous body bottom slag, wherein the leaching rate of harmful substances such as heavy metals is lower than the European Union standard;
and 7: and (3) after the SCR denitration catalyst in the step (3) is abandoned, crushing the SCR denitration catalyst and then sending the crushed SCR denitration catalyst to a plasma gasification furnace (3) for treatment.
And 8: the plasma gasification furnace 3 generates a certain amount of synthesis gas, the main component of which is H2And CO to the garbage incinerator 2 for heat recovery; the vitrified bottom slag generated by the plasma gasification furnace 3 is non-toxic slag and can be used as roadbed or building materials.
Example (b):
taking a power plant with the domestic garbage treatment capacity of 1000t/d as an example, the domestic garbage is conveyed to a garbage pit 1 of a garbage incineration power plant by a special transport vehicle and is stacked for 4-7 days, a filter screen and a percolate pool are arranged at the bottom of the garbage pit 1, after the garbage pit 1 is stacked for 4-7 days, the water content is generally reduced from 60% to 40%, the heat value can reach about 3000kcal/kg, and the basic furnace entering requirement is met. The leachate is treated by the leachate treatment apparatus 10 and discharged or recycled after reaching the standard, resulting in a leachate concentrate. The total amount of permeate concentrate produced was about 17 t/day (about 5% of the total permeate) at 1000 t/day of input.
Domestic garbage is thrown into the garbage incinerator 2 by a grab bucket in the garbage pit 1, the garbage is incinerated in the incinerator to generate high-temperature flue gas, the high-temperature flue gas firstly enters the waste heat boiler 4 to exchange heat to generate steam to drive the steam turbine 11 to generate power, the flue gas after heat exchange and temperature reduction passes through the desulfurizing tower 5, desulfurization is carried out by a semi-dry method to generate a byproduct calcium sulfate, and the low melting point of the calcium sulfate is utilized to be a fluxing agent in the glass manufacturing industry. The utility model discloses utilize calcium sulfate as the fluxing agent of plasma gasifier, form eutectic with the heavy metal, realize slag tapping.
Removal of SO2And the flue gas after the sulfur-containing gas enters a bag-type dust collector 6 to collect fly ash (containing waste activated carbon powder). And discharging the fly ash from the bottom of the bag-type dust collector 6, and temporarily storing the fly ash according to a hazardous waste standard. For a 1000t/d waste incineration plant, the fly ash production is about 30t/d (containing waste activated carbon powder).
The flue gas after dust removal treatment enters an SCR denitration device 7 to remove NO in the flue gasxAnd then discharged through a chimney 8 after reaching the standard. Most of the catalysts used for SCR denitration are TiO2As a carrier, with V2O5Or V2O5-WO3Or V2O5-MoO3The denitration catalyst is an active component, the service life can generally reach 5 years, and the replaced waste denitration catalyst becomes dangerous waste after reaching the service life.
A small amount of domestic garbage (about 50 t/d) is taken as fuel of the plasma gasification furnace, heat is provided, and the energy consumption of the plasma furnace is reduced; about 17t/d of percolate concentrate and about 30t/d of fly ash are mixed and granulated to obtain fly ash particles with the water content of about 20 percent, and the fly ash particles are used as raw materials processed by the plasma gasification furnace 3. Calcium sulfate generated after the reaction of the desulfurizing tower 5 is used as a fluxing agent of the plasma gasification furnace. The household garbage, the fly ash particles and the calcium sulfate respectively enter the plasma gasification furnace from different feed inlets for reaction, and the plasma torch provides main heat. The central temperature of the plasma can reach 5000 ℃, harmful substances such as dioxin and the like are completely destroyed, simultaneously, after liquid-state slag discharge, vitreous slag is formed by quenching, heavy metals are fixed, the leaching rate is lower than the European Union level, and the plasma can be directly used as building materials, roadbeds and the like.
While the embodiments of the present invention have been described with reference to the accompanying drawings, the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiments, which are merely illustrative and not restrictive, and many modifications may be made by one skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention as defined in the appended claims.

Claims (4)

1. A plasma gasification furnace is cooperated with the innocent treatment system of a waste incineration power plant, which comprises a waste pit, a waste incinerator, a waste heat boiler, a flue gas purification system, a granulator, a percolate treatment device and a steam turbine, wherein the flue gas purification system comprises a desulfurization tower, a bag-type dust collector and a denitration device, and is characterized in that the innocent treatment system also comprises the plasma gasification furnace; calcium sulfate generated by the desulfurizing tower is used as a fluxing agent of the plasma gasification furnace; and the synthesis gas generated by burning the plasma gasification furnace is sent to a garbage burning furnace for burning, and the waste denitration catalyst of the denitration device is sent to the plasma gasification furnace for treatment after being crushed.
2. The plasma gasification furnace and waste incineration power plant harmless treatment system according to claim 1, wherein the desulfurization tower adopts a semi-dry process.
3. The system of claim 1, wherein the waste incinerator is provided with a syngas burner, and the syngas burner is connected to the syngas outlet of the plasma gasifier.
4. The plasma gasification furnace and waste incineration power plant harmless treatment system according to claim 1, wherein the plasma gasification furnace is further provided with a domestic waste inlet.
CN201921726156.2U 2019-10-15 2019-10-15 Plasma gasification furnace and waste incineration power plant's innocent treatment system Active CN211011385U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112725052A (en) * 2020-11-06 2021-04-30 苏州西热节能环保技术有限公司 Resource utilization method of waste SCR denitration catalyst

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112725052A (en) * 2020-11-06 2021-04-30 苏州西热节能环保技术有限公司 Resource utilization method of waste SCR denitration catalyst

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