CN210996666U - Numerical control machining drilling equipment - Google Patents

Numerical control machining drilling equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210996666U
CN210996666U CN201922159118.XU CN201922159118U CN210996666U CN 210996666 U CN210996666 U CN 210996666U CN 201922159118 U CN201922159118 U CN 201922159118U CN 210996666 U CN210996666 U CN 210996666U
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China
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axis
axle
seat
translation
driving motor
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CN201922159118.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曾凡祺
廖建明
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Dongguan Youhong Electromechanical Equipment Co ltd
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Dongguan Youhong Electromechanical Equipment Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a numerical control processing drilling equipment, including frame and the workstation of setting above the frame, be provided with in the frame with workstation complex Y axle translation mechanism, Y axle translation mechanism includes Y axle driving motor, two sets of Y axle guide rails, first translation seat, two vertical supports and horizontal stand, two sets of Y axle guide rails parallel arrangement are in the both sides of workstation, vertical support and Y axle guide rail sliding fit, the horizontal stand is connected in the upper end of vertical support, first translation seat is connected at the lower extreme of vertical support, Y axle driving motor sets up the rear side at the frame, and Y axle driving motor's output is connected with Y axle lead screw, the front side of horizontal stand is provided with X axle translation mechanism, the front side of X axle translation mechanism is provided with Z axle elevating system, the front side of Z axle elevating system is provided with drilling mechanism; the structure is simple, the operation is convenient, the maintenance is easy, the cost is low, the drill bit is convenient to replace, and the processing efficiency is greatly improved.

Description

Numerical control machining drilling equipment
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a numerical control processing machinery, concretely relates to numerical control processing drilling equipment.
Background
In the machining industry, drilling is one of the most basic machining means. The numerical control drilling equipment is mainly used for machining such as drilling, reaming, chamfering and the like. The method is mainly applied to the industries of automobiles, molds, shipbuilding, aerospace and engineering machinery, and is particularly suitable for hardware parts with a plurality of holes needing to be processed. The numerical control drilling machine is one of common machining equipment, and in the process of drilling a metal material, the problem is often faced, after one drill bit is used for drilling, the drill bit needs to be replaced to drill a hole with a size different from that of the previous part, at the moment, a worker needs to perform manual replacement, the working efficiency is low, certain dangerousness exists, and in the face of the situation, the equipment is urgently needed to solve the problem.
The existing numerical control drilling machine mainly comprises a workbench and a drilling machine main shaft, wherein a drilling mechanism is arranged at the upper end of the drilling machine main shaft, and a workpiece pressing device is arranged on the drilling machine main shaft between the drilling mechanism and the workbench; wherein, drilling mechanism includes drill bit, the rotatory driving motor of drive drill bit and controls the handle that drill bit vertical lift removed and punch, and after closing device need manual regulation to compress tightly the work piece of treating processing, go operating handle again and carry out the operation of driling, the drilling process is complicated, and work efficiency is not high, and machining precision is poor.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a simple structure and machining efficiency, numerical control processing drilling equipment that machining precision is high.
The purpose of the utility model can be realized by the following technical scheme:
a numerical control processing drilling device comprises a frame and a workbench arranged above the frame, wherein a Y-axis translation mechanism matched with the workbench is arranged on the frame, the Y-axis translation mechanism comprises a Y-axis driving motor, two groups of Y-axis guide rails, a first translation seat, two vertical supports and a horizontal support, the two groups of Y-axis guide rails are arranged on two sides of the workbench in parallel, the vertical supports are in sliding fit with the Y-axis guide rails, the horizontal support is connected with the upper ends of the vertical supports, the first translation seat is connected with the lower ends of the vertical supports, the Y-axis driving motor is arranged on the rear side of the frame, the output end of the Y-axis driving motor is connected with a Y-axis lead screw, the Y-axis lead screw is in threaded connection with a first nut seat arranged on the first translation seat, an X-axis translation mechanism is arranged on the front side of the horizontal support, a Z-axis lifting mechanism is arranged on the front side of the X, the lower part of the drilling mechanism is fixedly provided with a tool magazine on the workbench, the right side of the rack is provided with an operation box, and the Y-axis driving motor, the X-axis translation mechanism, the Z-axis lifting mechanism, the drilling mechanism and the operation box are all electrically connected with the power distribution control box.
Preferably, the tool magazine comprises a tool rest fixedly arranged on the workbench, a drill bit fixing plate is arranged on the tool rest, a plurality of positioning holes for placing drill bits are formed in the drill bit fixing plate, the drill bit fixing plate is provided with air claws in one-to-one correspondence with the positioning holes, and chucks on the air claws are matched with the drill bits placed in the positioning holes.
Preferably, the X-axis translation mechanism comprises an X-axis driving motor, two groups of X-axis guide rails, an X-axis lead screw and a second translation seat, the two groups of X-axis guide rails are arranged on the horizontal support in parallel, the second translation seat is arranged on the X-axis guide rails in a sliding mode, the output end of the X-axis driving motor is connected with the X-axis lead screw, and the X-axis lead screw is in threaded connection with a second nut seat arranged on the second translation seat.
Preferably, the Z-axis lifting mechanism comprises a Z-axis driving motor, two sets of Z-axis guide rails, a third nut seat, a lifting seat and a Z-axis screw rod, the two sets of Z-axis guide rails are arranged on the second translation seat in parallel, the lifting seat is arranged on the Z-axis guide rails in a sliding manner, the output end of the Z-axis driving motor is connected with the Z-axis screw rod, and the Z-axis screw rod is in threaded connection with the third nut seat arranged on the lifting seat.
Preferably, the drilling mechanism comprises a main shaft driving motor, the lower end of an output shaft of the main shaft driving motor is connected with a drill bit loop bar, a drill bit is sleeved at the lower end of the drill bit loop bar, and a guide seat in running fit with the drill bit loop bar is arranged on the lifting seat.
Preferably, baffles are arranged on the frame around the workbench, a backflow groove is arranged between the baffles and the workbench, a screen is arranged in the backflow groove, the bottom of the backflow groove is communicated with a backflow pipe, and the backflow pipe is communicated with a cooling liquid tank arranged in the frame.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that: the structure is simple, the operation is convenient, the maintenance is easy, the cost is low, the drill bit is convenient to replace, and the processing efficiency is greatly improved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure schematic diagram of the numerical control machining drilling equipment of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is another schematic structural diagram of the numerical control machining drilling equipment of the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the structure schematic diagram of the tool magazine in the numerical control machining drilling equipment of the utility model.
Fig. 4 is a partially enlarged view of a portion a in fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is another schematic structural diagram of the numerical control machining drilling equipment of the present invention.
The reference numbers shown in the figures denote: 1. a frame; 2. a power distribution control box; 3. an operation box; 4. a Y-axis guide rail; 5. a first translation base; 6. a vertical support; 7. a baffle plate; 8. a work table; 9. a horizontal support; 10. a Y-axis drive motor; 11. a coolant tank; 12. a tool magazine; 13. a drilling mechanism; 14. an X-axis drive motor; 15. an X-axis guide rail; 16. an X-axis lead screw; 17. a second nut seat; 18. a second translation stage; 19. a Z-axis drive motor; 20. a Z-axis guide rail; 21. a third nut seat; 22. a lifting seat; 23. a spindle drive motor; 24. a Z-axis lead screw; 25. a drill sleeve rod; 26. a drill bit; 27. a tool holder; 28. a drill bit fixing plate; 29. positioning holes; 30. a pneumatic claw; 31. a chuck; 32. a guide seat; 33. a reflux tank; 34. a return pipe; 35. and (4) screening.
Detailed Description
The technical solution of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the following specific embodiments, and it should be understood that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. Based on the embodiments of the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1 to 4, the structure of the present invention is: a numerical control processing drilling device comprises a frame 1 and a workbench 8 arranged above the frame 1, wherein a Y-axis translation mechanism matched with the workbench 8 is arranged on the frame 1, the Y-axis translation mechanism comprises a Y-axis driving motor 10, two groups of Y-axis guide rails 4, a first translation seat 5, two vertical supports 6 and a horizontal support 9, the two groups of Y-axis guide rails 4 are arranged on two sides of the workbench 8 in parallel, the vertical supports 6 are in sliding fit with the Y-axis guide rails 4, the horizontal support 9 is connected to the upper ends of the vertical supports 6, the first translation seat 5 is connected to the lower end of the vertical support 6, the Y-axis driving motor 10 is arranged on the rear side of the frame 1, the output end of the Y-axis driving motor 10 is connected with a Y-axis lead screw, the Y-axis lead screw is in threaded connection with a first nut seat arranged on the first translation seat 5, an X-axis translation mechanism is arranged on the front side of the horizontal support 9, and a Z-, the front side of Z axle elevating system is provided with drilling mechanism 13, and drilling mechanism 13's below is fixed on workstation 8 and is provided with tool magazine 12, and the right side of frame 1 is provided with control box 3, and Y axle driving motor 10, X axle translation mechanism, Z axle elevating system, drilling mechanism 13 and control box 3 all are with distribution control box 2 electric connection.
As shown in fig. 3, the tool magazine 12 includes a tool holder 27 fixedly disposed on the table 8, a drill fixing plate 28 is disposed on the tool holder 27, a plurality of positioning holes 29 for placing the drill 26 are formed in the drill fixing plate 28, air jaws 30 corresponding to the positioning holes 29 are disposed on the drill fixing plate 28, and a chuck 31 on the air jaws 30 is engaged with the drill 26 placed in the positioning holes 29.
As shown in fig. 4, the X-axis translation mechanism includes an X-axis driving motor 14, two sets of X-axis guide rails 15, an X-axis screw 16, and a second translation seat 18, the two sets of X-axis guide rails 15 are arranged on the horizontal bracket 9 in parallel, the second translation seat 18 is slidably arranged on the X-axis guide rails 15, an output end of the X-axis driving motor 14 is connected with the X-axis screw 16, and the X-axis screw 16 is in threaded connection with a second nut seat 17 arranged on the second translation seat 18.
As shown in fig. 4, the Z-axis lifting mechanism includes a Z-axis driving motor 19, two sets of Z-axis guide rails 20, a third nut seat 21, a lifting seat 22 and a Z-axis screw 24, the two sets of Z-axis guide rails 20 are arranged in parallel on the second translation seat 18, the lifting seat 22 is slidably arranged on the Z-axis guide rails 20, an output end of the Z-axis driving motor 19 is connected with the Z-axis screw 24, and the Z-axis screw 24 is in threaded connection with the third nut seat 21 arranged on the lifting seat 22.
As shown in fig. 4, the drilling mechanism 13 includes a spindle driving motor 23, a drill sleeve rod 25 is connected to a lower end of an output shaft of the spindle driving motor 23, a drill 26 is sleeved on a lower end of the drill sleeve rod 25, and a guide seat 32 rotatably engaged with the drill sleeve rod 25 is disposed on the lifting seat 22.
As shown in fig. 1 and 5, the frame 1 is provided with a baffle 7 around the table 8, a return tank 33 is provided between the baffle 7 and the table 8, a screen 35 is provided in the return tank 33, a return pipe 34 is connected to the bottom of the return tank 33, the return pipe 34 is connected to a coolant tank 11 provided in the frame 1, the baffle 7 is provided to prevent the drill cuttings from flying out, the drill cuttings are separated from the coolant by the screen 35, and the coolant is recovered to the coolant tank 11 through the return tank 33 and the return pipe 34.
When the automatic drilling machine is used specifically, a workpiece to be machined is fixedly arranged in the middle of the workbench 8, under the drive of the Y-axis drive motor 10, the first translation seat 5 moves forwards or backwards along the Y-axis guide rail 4, and under the drive of the X-axis drive motor 14, the second translation seat 18 moves leftwards or rightwards along the X-axis guide rail 15, so that the drilling mechanism 13 is aligned with the machining position of the workpiece to be machined, then the main shaft drive motor 23 drives the drill bit 26 to rotate, then under the drive of the Z-axis drive motor, the lifting seat 22 moves downwards along the Z-axis guide rail 20, the drilling depth of the drill bit 26 can be input and controlled through the operation box 3, and the drill bit 26 stops after drilling a certain depth, so that the drilling work does not need to be tracked by a technician due to the fact that the drilling work is preset, manpower is relatively saved, one technician can simultaneously operate a; when the drill bit 26 needs to be replaced, the type of the required drill bit 26 is input through the operation box 3, then the Y-axis driving motor 10 drives the first translation seat 5 to move backwards, the drilling mechanism 13 is moved to the position above the tool magazine 12 to automatically replace the tool, the drill bit 26 of the other type can be used for working, and the operation is convenient and fast.
The present invention has been further described with reference to specific embodiments, but it should be understood that the specific description herein should not be construed as limiting the spirit and scope of the present invention, and that various modifications to the above-described embodiments, which would occur to persons skilled in the art after reading this specification, are within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a numerical control processing drilling equipment, includes frame (1) and workstation (8) of setting in frame (1) top, its characterized in that: the Y-axis translation mechanism matched with the workbench (8) is arranged on the rack (1), the Y-axis translation mechanism comprises a Y-axis driving motor (10), two groups of Y-axis guide rails (4), a first translation seat (5), two vertical supports (6) and a horizontal support (9), the two groups of Y-axis guide rails (4) are arranged on two sides of the workbench (8) in parallel, the vertical supports (6) are in sliding fit with the Y-axis guide rails (4), the horizontal support (9) is connected to the upper end of the vertical supports (6), the first translation seat (5) is connected to the lower end of the vertical supports (6), the Y-axis driving motor (10) is arranged on the rear side of the rack (1), the output end of the Y-axis driving motor (10) is connected with a Y-axis lead screw, the Y-axis lead screw is in threaded connection with a first nut seat arranged on the first translation seat (5), the front side of horizontal stand (9) is provided with X axle translation mechanism, X axle translation mechanism's front side is provided with Z axle elevating system, Z axle elevating system's front side is provided with drilling mechanism (13), the below of drilling mechanism (13) is fixed on workstation (8) and is provided with tool magazine (12), the right side of frame (1) is provided with control box (3), Y axle driving motor (10), X axle translation mechanism, Z axle elevating system, drilling mechanism (13) and control box (3) all with distribution control box (2) electric connection.
2. A numerical control machining drilling apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the tool magazine (12) comprises a tool rest (27) fixedly arranged on the workbench (8), a drill fixing plate (28) is arranged on the tool rest (27), a plurality of positioning holes (29) for placing drill bits (26) are formed in the drill fixing plate (28), the drill fixing plate (28) is provided with air claws (30) corresponding to the positioning holes (29) one by one, and clamping heads (31) on the air claws (30) are matched with the drill bits (26) placed in the positioning holes (29).
3. A numerical control machining drilling apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the X-axis translation mechanism comprises an X-axis driving motor (14), two groups of X-axis guide rails (15), an X-axis lead screw (16) and a second translation seat (18), the two groups of X-axis guide rails (15) are arranged on the horizontal support (9) in parallel, the second translation seat (18) is arranged on the X-axis guide rails (15) in a sliding mode, the output end of the X-axis driving motor (14) is connected with the X-axis lead screw (16), and the X-axis lead screw (16) is in threaded connection with a second nut seat (17) arranged on the second translation seat (18).
4. A numerical control machining drilling apparatus according to claim 3, wherein: the Z-axis lifting mechanism comprises a Z-axis driving motor (19), two groups of Z-axis guide rails (20), a third nut seat (21), a lifting seat (22) and a Z-axis screw rod (24), wherein the two groups of Z-axis guide rails (20) are arranged on a second translation seat (18) in parallel, the lifting seat (22) is arranged on the Z-axis guide rails (20) in a sliding mode, the output end of the Z-axis driving motor (19) is connected with the Z-axis screw rod (24), and the Z-axis screw rod (24) is in threaded connection with the third nut seat (21) arranged on the lifting seat (22).
5. A numerical control machining drilling apparatus according to claim 4, wherein: drilling mechanism (13) are including main shaft drive motor (23), the output shaft lower extreme of main shaft drive motor (23) is connected with drill bit loop bar (25), the pot head of lower pot head of drill bit loop bar (25) is equipped with drill bit (26), be provided with on lift seat (22) with drill bit loop bar (25) normal running fit's guide holder (32).
6. A numerical control machining drilling apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the cooling device is characterized in that baffle plates (7) are arranged on the rack (1) around the workbench (8), a backflow groove (33) is arranged between the baffle plates (7) and the workbench (8), a screen (35) is arranged in the backflow groove (33), the bottom of the backflow groove (33) is communicated with a backflow pipe (34), and the backflow pipe (34) is communicated with a cooling liquid box (11) arranged in the rack (1).
CN201922159118.XU 2019-12-05 2019-12-05 Numerical control machining drilling equipment Active CN210996666U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922159118.XU CN210996666U (en) 2019-12-05 2019-12-05 Numerical control machining drilling equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922159118.XU CN210996666U (en) 2019-12-05 2019-12-05 Numerical control machining drilling equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210996666U true CN210996666U (en) 2020-07-14

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201922159118.XU Active CN210996666U (en) 2019-12-05 2019-12-05 Numerical control machining drilling equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210996666U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113352398A (en) * 2021-06-30 2021-09-07 福建省睿步智能装备有限公司 High-speed drilling machine with multiple heads

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113352398A (en) * 2021-06-30 2021-09-07 福建省睿步智能装备有限公司 High-speed drilling machine with multiple heads

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