CN210972701U - Spiral screw directional feeding device - Google Patents

Spiral screw directional feeding device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210972701U
CN210972701U CN201921624454.0U CN201921624454U CN210972701U CN 210972701 U CN210972701 U CN 210972701U CN 201921624454 U CN201921624454 U CN 201921624454U CN 210972701 U CN210972701 U CN 210972701U
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China
Prior art keywords
feeding
screw
directional
spiral
block
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CN201921624454.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
沈秋芹
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Jiaxing Zhentai Machinery Co ltd
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Jiaxing Zhentai Machinery Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a spiral screw directional feeding device, including screw feed mechanism, directional disc and vibrator, be equipped with the vortex groove on the directional disc, the height of the initial end of the spiral arm in vortex groove becomes high gradually to the terminal height, the directional disc is equipped with blanking hole and fender arc board on being located the initial end in vortex groove, the directional disc is equipped with the recovery taper hole, screw feed mechanism includes branch material upper cover, branch material outer lane, toper dispersion impeller and branch material inner circle, branch material upper cover is equipped with the branch material entry, the branch material inner circle passes through the connecting block with the branch material outer lane and is connected, the top of toper dispersion impeller is located the branch material entry; the utility model discloses a set up the vortex groove on the directional disk, and the initial end of the spiral arm in vortex groove highly to terminal highly uprising gradually, then under the work of vibrator and the dead weight that utilizes the screw, the screw can remove along the vortex groove in proper order, then falls down from the feed opening in proper order to accomplish the directional transport of screw, the structure is simpler, low in production cost.

Description

Spiral screw directional feeding device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a screw assembly technical field especially relates to a directional material feeding unit of spiral screw.
Background
The screw is a common assembly part and consists of a screw head and a screw rod, and during an assembly process, the screw is often required to be oriented first, and the existing screw orienting equipment has the problems of complex structure and high cost.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to overcome above shortcoming, provide a directional material feeding unit of spiral screw.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the specific scheme of the utility model is as follows:
a spiral screw directional feeding device comprises a screw feeding mechanism, a screw distributing mechanism, a directional disc and a vibrator, wherein the directional disc is fixed on the vibrator, a vortex groove is formed in the directional disc, the height from the initial end of a spiral arm of the vortex groove to the tail end of the spiral arm of the vortex groove is gradually increased, a blanking hole is formed in the initial end of the vortex groove of the directional disc, a material blocking arc plate matched with the blanking hole is further arranged at the initial end of the vortex groove of the directional disc, a recovery taper hole is formed in the middle of the directional disc, a central round hole is correspondingly formed in the middle of the vibrator, the screw distributing mechanism comprises a distributing upper cover, a distributing outer ring, a conical dispersion disc and a distributing inner ring, the distributing outer ring is correspondingly fixed on the outer circumferential wall of the directional disc, the distributing upper cover is correspondingly fixed on the distributing outer ring, a distributing inlet is formed in the middle of the distributing upper cover, the material distributing inner ring and the material distributing outer ring are fixedly connected together through a plurality of connecting blocks, the connecting blocks are arranged at equal intervals, the bottom end of the conical dispersion disc is fixed on the material distributing inner ring, the top end of the conical dispersion disc extends into the material distributing inlet, and the screw feeding mechanism is arranged on the material distributing upper cover and used for conveying screws into the material distributing inlet.
The spiral baffle plate extends along the direction of the spiral groove and covers the spiral groove at the peripheral position of the recovery taper hole.
Wherein, the connecting block is the structure of buckling, the width of connecting block is along radially outwards grow gradually, the apex angle of connecting block is up.
The screw feeding mechanism comprises a feeding shell, a feeding driving cylinder, a feeding stop block and a feeding hopper, wherein the feeding shell is fixed on a material distributing inlet of a material distributing upper cover, the feeding driving cylinder is fixed at one end of the feeding shell, the feeding stop block is arranged in the feeding shell, a discharge spout end of the feeding hopper is fixed on the feeding shell, an output end of the feeding driving cylinder extends into the feeding shell and then is connected with one end of the feeding stop block, and a feeding round hole is formed in one end, close to the feeding driving cylinder, of the feeding stop block.
The utility model has the advantages that: compared with the prior art, the utility model discloses a set up the vortex groove on the directional disk, and the height of the initial end in the spiral arm in vortex groove highly to terminal highly uprising gradually, then under the work of vibrator and utilize the dead weight of screw, the screw can remove along the vortex groove in proper order, then falls and gets into the work track from the unloading hole in proper order to accomplish the directional transport of screw, the structure is simpler, low in production cost.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a screw-type directional feeding device provided by an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a sectional view of a screw-type screw directional feeding device provided by an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a directional disk provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic partial structural view of a directional disk provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 5 is an exploded schematic view of a screw distributing mechanism provided in the embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a screw feeding mechanism provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 7 is an exploded schematic view of a screw feeding mechanism provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of a connecting block provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
description of reference numerals: 1-screw feeding mechanism; 11-a feed housing; 12-a feed drive cylinder; 13-a feed stop; 131-a feeding circular hole; 14-a feed hopper; 2-a screw distributing mechanism; 21-distributing upper cover; 211-a feed inlet; 22-separating outer ring; 23-a conical dispersion disc; 24-material distributing inner rings; 25-connecting blocks; 3-orienting disc; 31-a volute groove; 32-a blanking hole; 33-a material blocking arc plate; 34-recovering the taper hole; 35-a helical baffle; 4-vibrator.
Detailed Description
The following detailed description of the present invention, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specific examples, is not intended to limit the scope of the invention.
As shown in fig. 1 to 8, the screw-type screw directional feeding device according to this embodiment includes a screw feeding mechanism 1, a screw distributing mechanism 2, a directional disk 3 and a vibrator 4, the directional disk 3 is fixed on the vibrator 4, a spiral groove 31 is provided on the directional disk 3, the height from the initial end to the terminal end of the spiral arm of the spiral groove 31 gradually increases, a blanking hole 32 is provided on the initial end of the spiral groove 31 of the directional disk 3, a material blocking arc plate 33 matched with the blanking hole 32 is further provided on the initial end of the spiral groove 31 of the directional disk 3, a recovery taper hole 34 is provided in the middle of the directional disk 3, a central circular hole is correspondingly provided in the middle of the vibrator 4, the screw distributing mechanism 2 includes a distributing upper cover 21, a distributing outer ring 22, a conical dispersing disk 23 and a distributing inner ring 24, the distributing outer ring 22 is correspondingly fixed on the outer circumferential wall of the directional disk 3, the material distributing upper cover 21 is correspondingly fixed on the material distributing outer ring 22, the middle part of the material distributing upper cover 21 is provided with a material distributing inlet 211, the material distributing inner ring 24 and the material distributing outer ring 22 are fixedly connected together through eight connecting blocks 25, the eight connecting blocks 25 are arranged at equal intervals, the bottom end of the conical dispersion disc 23 is fixed on the material distributing inner ring 24, the top end of the conical dispersion disc 23 extends into the material distributing inlet 211, and the screw feeding mechanism 1 is arranged on the material distributing upper cover 21 and used for conveying screws into the material distributing inlet 211.
Specifically, the width of the spiral groove 31 is larger than the width of the screw rod and smaller than the width of the screw head, the diameter of the bottom of the conical dispersion plate 23 is larger than the diameter of the material distribution inlet 211, when in operation, the blanking hole 32 is connected with the working track, then the screw is put on the screw feeding mechanism 1, the screw feeding mechanism 1 conveys the screw to the material distribution inlet 211, the top end of the conical dispersion plate 23 is arranged to extend into the material distribution inlet 211, at the moment, the screw falls on the conical surface of the conical dispersion plate 23 and slides along the conical surface of the conical dispersion plate 23, one part of the screw directly falls onto the orientation plate 3 from the gap between the connection blocks 25, and the other part falls onto the connection block 25 and then falls onto the orientation plate 3 from the connection block 25, thereby the screw can fall off dispersedly, the success rate of screw orientation is improved, after the screw falls onto the orientation plate 3, the screw rod of the screw can be embedded into the spiral groove 31, the screw head is limited at the top end of the volute groove 31 so as to complete the orientation of the screw, then under the working of the vibrator 4 and the gravity of the screw, the screw sequentially moves towards the initial end direction of the volute groove 31 along the volute groove 31, when the screw at the foremost end moves to the blanking hole 32, the screw can fall from the blanking hole 32 and then further enters the working track for assembly, so that the screw can sequentially fall from the blanking hole 32 so as to complete the directional conveying of the screw, the baffle arc plate 33 is arranged so as to ensure that the screw which is successfully oriented falls from the blanking hole 32 and enters the working track, the situation that the screw which is successfully oriented crosses the blanking hole 32 and then enters the recovery taper hole 34 is avoided, and the screw which is failed in orientation rolls onto the recovery taper hole 34 and is recovered from the recovery taper hole 34 so as to be placed on the screw feeding mechanism 1 again is avoided.
In the embodiment, the spiral groove 31 is arranged on the directional disk 3, the height from the initial end to the tail end of the spiral arm of the spiral groove 31 is gradually increased, then under the work of the vibrator 4 and the self weight of the screw, the screw can sequentially move along the spiral groove 31 and then sequentially fall from the blanking hole 32 and enter the working track, so that the directional conveying of the screw is completed, the structure is simpler, and the production cost is low.
Based on the above embodiment, further, as shown in fig. 3, a spiral baffle 35 is fixed at the top end of the baffle arc plate 33, the spiral baffle 35 extends along the direction of the spiral groove 31 and covers the spiral groove 31 at the peripheral position of the recovery taper hole 34; specifically, the height of the spiral baffle 35 is slightly greater than the height of the screw head, that is, when the screw is oriented in the spiral groove 31, the screw head is located below the spiral baffle 35, and since the screw is gradually moved into the spiral groove 31 around the recovery tapered hole 34 under the operation of the vibrator 4, and the density of the screw is high, the spiral baffle 35 is arranged to effectively block the screw from being separated from the spiral groove 31 due to the vibration and the pressing force between the screws.
Based on above-mentioned embodiment, further, as shown in fig. 8, the connecting block 25 is a bending plate structure, the width of the connecting block 25 gradually increases along the radial direction, the vertex angle of the connecting block 25 is upward, which is more beneficial to the screw to slide from the connecting block 25, and the screw can be effectively prevented from being retained in the connecting block 25.
Based on the above embodiment, further, as shown in fig. 1, fig. 2, fig. 6 and fig. 7, the screw feeding mechanism 1 includes a feeding housing 11, a feeding driving cylinder 12, a feeding stopper 13 and a feeding hopper 14, the feeding housing 11 is fixed on a material distributing inlet 211 of a material distributing upper cover 21, the feeding driving cylinder 12 is fixed at one end of the feeding housing 11, the feeding stopper 13 is disposed in the feeding housing 11, a discharge nozzle end of the feeding hopper 14 is fixed on the feeding housing 11, an output end of the feeding driving cylinder 12 extends into the feeding housing 11 and then is connected to one end of the feeding stopper 13, and one end of the feeding stopper 13 close to the feeding driving cylinder 12 is provided with a feeding circular hole 131; during operation, put into feeding hopper 14 with batch screw, at this moment, feeding drives actuating cylinder 12 and drives feeding dog 13 and stretch out, make feeding round hole 131 of feeding dog 13 correspond with the hourglass mouth end of feeding hopper 14, at this moment, the screw falls to feeding round hole 131 in from the hourglass mouth end of feeding hopper 14, then feeding drives actuating cylinder 12 and drives the fender dog and withdraws, make feeding round hole 131 of feeding dog 13 correspond with the branch material entry 211 that divides material upper cover 21, thereby the screw falls into branch material entry 211 in feeding round hole 131 this moment, feeding dog 13's the other end is plugged up feeding hopper 14's hourglass mouth end simultaneously, thereby realize the transport of screw, so drive actuating cylinder 12 at the feeding and drive the continuous reciprocating motion of feeding dog 13, can constantly realize the transport of screw.
The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, so all the equivalent changes or modifications made by the structure, features and principles in accordance with the claims of the present invention are included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. The utility model provides a directional material feeding unit of spiral screw, its characterized in that, includes screw feed mechanism (1), screw feed mechanism (2), positioning disk (3) and vibrator (4), positioning disk (3) are fixed on vibrator (4), be equipped with vortex groove (31) on positioning disk (3), the height of the initial end of the spiral arm in vortex groove (31) highly becomes high gradually to terminal, positioning disk (3) are equipped with unloading hole (32) on the initial end that lies in vortex groove (31), positioning disk (3) still are equipped with on the initial end that lies in vortex groove (31) and keep off material arc board (33) with unloading hole (32) complex, the middle part of positioning disk (3) is equipped with retrieves taper hole (34), the middle part correspondence of vibrator (4) is equipped with central round hole, screw feed mechanism (2) are including upper cover (21), Divide material outer lane (22), toper dispersion impeller (23) and divide material inner circle (24), divide material outer lane (22) to correspond to fix on the outer circumferential wall of orientation dish (3), divide material upper cover (21) to correspond to fix on dividing material outer lane (22), the middle part of dividing material upper cover (21) is equipped with divides material entry (211), divide material inner circle (24) and divide material outer lane (22) to pass through a plurality of connecting block (25) fixed connection together, a plurality of connecting block (25) are equidistant to be set up, the bottom mounting of toper dispersion impeller (23) divides on material inner circle (24), the top of toper dispersion impeller (23) stretches into in dividing material entry (211), screw feed mechanism (1) is located on dividing material upper cover (21) for carry the screw to dividing in material entry (211).
2. A screw-type screw directional feeding device according to claim 1, characterized in that a spiral baffle (35) is fixed on the top end of the baffle arc plate (33), and the spiral baffle (35) extends along the direction of the spiral groove (31) and covers the spiral groove (31) at the peripheral position of the recovery taper hole (34).
3. A screw-type screw directional feeding device according to claim 1, wherein the connecting block (25) is a bent plate structure, the width of the connecting block (25) is gradually increased outwards along the radial direction, and the top angle of the connecting block (25) is upward.
4. A spiral screw directional feeding device according to claim 1, wherein the screw feeding mechanism (1) comprises a feeding housing (11), a feeding driving cylinder (12), a feeding stop block (13) and a feeding hopper (14), the feeding housing (11) is fixed on a material distributing inlet (211) of a material distributing upper cover (21), the feeding driving cylinder (12) is fixed at one end of the feeding housing (11), the feeding stop block (13) is arranged in the feeding housing (11), a discharge port of the feeding hopper (14) is fixed on the feeding housing (11), an output end of the feeding driving cylinder (12) extends into the feeding housing (11) and then is connected with one end of the feeding stop block (13), and a feeding round hole (131) is formed at one end of the feeding stop block (13) close to the feeding driving cylinder (12).
CN201921624454.0U 2019-09-27 2019-09-27 Spiral screw directional feeding device Active CN210972701U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921624454.0U CN210972701U (en) 2019-09-27 2019-09-27 Spiral screw directional feeding device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921624454.0U CN210972701U (en) 2019-09-27 2019-09-27 Spiral screw directional feeding device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210972701U true CN210972701U (en) 2020-07-10

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ID=71443990

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921624454.0U Active CN210972701U (en) 2019-09-27 2019-09-27 Spiral screw directional feeding device

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN210972701U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110668099A (en) * 2019-09-27 2020-01-10 精海联科(宁波)智能设备有限公司 Spiral screw directional feeding device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110668099A (en) * 2019-09-27 2020-01-10 精海联科(宁波)智能设备有限公司 Spiral screw directional feeding device

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