Mechanical automation punching press bending device
The utility model relates to a technical field of punching press, in particular to mechanical automation punching press bending device.
The stamping is a forming processing method which applies external force to plates, strips, pipes, profiles and the like by a press machine and a die to cause the plates, the strips, the pipes, the profiles and the like to generate plastic deformation or separation so as to obtain workpieces with required shapes and sizes; the stamping and forging are the same as plastic working, and are called forging and pressing together. The stamped blanks are mainly hot and cold rolled steel sheets and strips. 60-70% of all the steel products in the world are plates, and most of the plates are punched to form finished products;
in the process of gradual automation of machinery, the traditional stamping die can not meet the requirement of complex workpieces, and in the process of stamping and shaping, the workpieces are simultaneously bent, so that stamping and bending are simultaneously completed, and the automation process is saved.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model discloses a main aim at provides a mechanical automation punching press bending device, can effectively solve the problem in the background art.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
a mechanical automatic stamping and bending device comprises a protective frame, wherein an impact shaft is arranged at the upper end of the protective frame, a control cabinet is arranged on one side of the protective frame, a warning buzzer is fixedly connected to the inner side of the protective frame, a coupler is fixedly connected to the lower end of the impact shaft, an inner buffer spring is arranged on the inner side of the coupler, a speed reducing wheel is rotatably connected to one side of the coupler, a speed reducing wheel carrier is rotatably connected to one end of the speed reducing wheel, a workbench is fixedly connected to the lower end of the speed reducing wheel carrier, a stamping nail is clamped at the lower end of the coupler through an adjustable notch, a bending wheel is rotatably connected to the inner side of the workbench, a stamping template is fixedly connected to the middle of the workbench in an embedded mode, a damping piston rod is fixedly connected to the lower end of the workbench, a reset spring is arranged on one side of, one side of the tension spring is rotatably connected with a tension belt, and the lower end of the damping piston rod is slidably connected with a damping cylinder.
Furthermore, the protective frame is of a rectangular structure, the periphery of the protective frame is sealed by stainless steel plates, the two ends of the protective frame are provided with feeding openings, and the middle of the top end of the protective frame is provided with a circular opening which is convenient for the movement of the impact shaft.
Furthermore, the deceleration wheel is a friction rubber deceleration wheel with net stripes, and the deceleration wheels are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the coupler and are arranged in an upper group and a lower group to interact with each other.
Further, the workstation forms for two sets of L shape platforms make up each other, the interval between the workstation can be adjusted through dismantling the interpolation platen, the middle part of workstation leaves the screw thread and closes mouthful and be used for cooperating the punching press template fixed soon, the workstation internal angle is 90 degrees right angles, and the wheel of being convenient for buckle borrows power.
Further, the stamping die plate is a standard part and can be unscrewed and replaced according to requirements.
Further, the wheel of buckling is the circular cylinder that has the breach, the outside parcel rubber packing ring of the wheel of buckling, the wheel of buckling symmetrically distributes in the both sides of punching press template, two the width of the wheel of buckling and punching press template equals with the interval between the workstation, wheel one side of buckling is connected with the extension spring through pulling the area, turns to the reduction of throne.
Furthermore, the damping cylinder is a pneumatic damping cylinder, the damping cylinder is externally connected with compressed air through a pipeline to serve as an energy source, the damping cylinder and the damping piston rod form an impact vibration damping effect, and a reset spring is installed on the outer side of the damping cylinder in a surrounding mode.
Furthermore, the punching nail is of a trapezoidal cylindrical structure, and one end of the punching nail is surrounded with a plurality of adjustable notches.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model discloses following beneficial effect has:
1. the utility model discloses a device makes through the punching press power accomplish the work piece element shape through setting up punching press nail cooperation punching press template, and the punching press nail drives the bending wheel and rotates simultaneously, forms the bending, can accomplish the bending step in the punching press simultaneously, saves the process, improves automation efficiency;
2. the utility model reduces the instant impact force by setting the friction between the speed reducing wheel and the shaft coupling, so that the stamping is stable and the shaking of the stamping nail is reduced;
3. the utility model reduces the damage of impact force to the ground by arranging a plurality of damping cylinders to match with the damping piston rods, and simultaneously, the protective frame at the outer side prevents operators from being damaged by waste materials ejected by the stamping bomb;
4. the utility model discloses a device low cost, reliability are high, can accomplish the punching press and buckle two steps by the efficient, reduce automatic process, raise the efficiency.
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the overall contact structure of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the coupling structure of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the schematic view of the structure of the punching nail of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a protective frame; 2. an impact shaft; 3. a speed reducing wheel; 4. a work table; 5. a warning buzzer; 6. a deceleration wheel carrier; 7. a control cabinet; 8. a damping piston rod; 9. stamping the template; 10. a reset spring; 11. a bending wheel; 12. a damping cylinder; 13. an inner damping spring; 14. Punching a nail; 15. a coupling; 16. an adjustable gap; 17. a tension spring; 18. the belt is pulled.
In order to make the technical means, creation features, achievement purposes and functions of the present invention easy to understand, the present invention is further described below with reference to the following embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1-4, a mechanical automatic stamping and bending device comprises a protective frame 1, an impact shaft 2 is arranged at the upper end of the protective frame 1, a control cabinet 7 is arranged at one side of the protective frame 1, a warning buzzer 5 is fixedly connected to the inner side of the protective frame 1, a coupler 15 is fixedly connected to the lower end of the impact shaft 2, an inner buffer spring 13 is arranged at the inner side of the coupler 15, a speed-reducing wheel 3 is rotatably connected to one side of the coupler 15, a speed-reducing wheel carrier 6 is rotatably connected to one end of the speed-reducing wheel 3, a workbench 4 is fixedly connected to the lower end of the speed-reducing wheel carrier 6, a stamping nail 14 is clamped to the lower end of the coupler 15 through an adjustable gap 16, a bending wheel 11 is rotatably connected to the inner side of the workbench 4, a stamping template 9 is fixedly connected to the middle part of the workbench 4 in an embedded manner, and a damping, one side of damping piston rod 8 is provided with reset spring 10, the inboard of workstation 4 is provided with extension spring 17, one side of extension spring 17 rotates and is connected with pulling area 18, the lower extreme sliding connection of damping piston rod 8 has damping cylinder 12.
The protection frame 1 is of a rectangular structure, the periphery of the protection frame 1 is sealed by stainless steel plates, two ends of the protection frame are provided with material adding openings, the middle of the top end of the protection frame 1 is provided with a circular opening, so that the impact shaft 2 can move conveniently, and the danger caused by splashing of waste materials generated in the punching and bending process can be avoided by arranging the protection frame 1.
Wherein, 3 for the friction rubber deceleration wheel that has netted stripe of deceleration wheel, 3 symmetries of deceleration wheel set up in the both sides of shaft coupling 15 to two sets of interact about setting up, through setting up deceleration wheel 3 and the cooperation of shaft coupling 15, can reduce the skew that the impact force produced in the twinkling of an eye produces and rock, improve the equilibrium.
The workbench 4 is formed by combining two groups of L-shaped tables, the interval between the workbench 4 can be adjusted by disassembling and adding a table plate, a threaded screwing port is reserved in the middle of the workbench 4 and is used for being matched with a punching template 9 to be fixed, the inner angle of the workbench 4 is a 90-degree right angle, a bending wheel 11 is convenient to bend, and the adjustable workbench 4 is arranged to meet the workpiece processing requirements of different sizes.
The stamping die plate 9 is a standard part, the stamping die plate 9 can be unscrewed and replaced according to requirements, and the machining requirements of workpieces with different sizes can be met by arranging the replaceable stamping die plate 9.
Wherein, wheel 11 of buckling is the circular cylinder that has the breach, the outside parcel rubber packing ring of wheel 11 of buckling, 11 symmetric distribution of wheel 11 of buckling is in the both sides of punching press template 9, two the width of wheel 11 of buckling and punching press template 9 equals with the interval between workstation 4, 11 one side of the wheel of buckling is connected with extension spring 17 through pulling area 18, turns to the reduction in location, makes the breach agree with the work piece through the rotation of wheel 11 of buckling and accomplishes the buckling to the work piece.
The damping cylinder 12 is a pneumatic damping cylinder, the damping cylinder 12 is externally connected with compressed air through a pipeline to serve as an energy source, the damping cylinder 12 and the damping piston rod 8 form an impact vibration reduction effect, the reset spring 10 is installed on the outer side of the damping cylinder 12 in a surrounding mode, impact is reduced through the damping cylinder 12, and stability and service life of the device are improved.
The stamping nail 14 is of a trapezoidal cylindrical structure, one end of the stamping nail 14 is provided with a plurality of adjustable notches 16 in a surrounding mode, stable impact force is provided, and therefore the workpiece is evenly stressed to form plasticity and bending through the stamping template 9.
It should be noted that the utility model relates to a mechanical automatic stamping and bending device,
the method comprises the following steps: when the device is used, an operator controls the punching machine to drive the impact shaft 2 to descend through the control cabinet 7 on one side, and simultaneously warns the buzzer 5 to sound for a long time, the coupler 15 at the lower end of the impact shaft 2 decelerates through the speed reducing wheels 3 on the two sides to adjust the impact to be stable, the impact nail 14 contacts with a workpiece at the moment to press the workpiece to contact with the punching template 9 to complete shaping, the bending wheel 11 overturns to enable the workpiece to be bent for 90 degrees, the workbench 4 bears redundant impact force at the moment to enable the damping piston rod 8 to descend to release pressure, the damping cylinder 12 completes resetting by matching the reset spring 10 through air flow pushing, the impact shaft 2 ascends, the impact nail 14 ascends along with the ascending to take out the workpiece, the bending wheel 11 is pulled by the tension spring 17 to reset, and the punching and bending operation on the workpiece is completed to process the next workpiece Reliable and stable, and can be widely applied to the tail end of an automatic stamping machine.
The basic principles and the main features of the invention and the advantages of the invention have been shown and described above. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, but rather is described in the embodiments and descriptions herein to illustrate the principles of the invention and that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, all of which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.