CN210885588U - Industry tail water environmental protection treatment system - Google Patents

Industry tail water environmental protection treatment system Download PDF

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CN210885588U
CN210885588U CN201920643753.2U CN201920643753U CN210885588U CN 210885588 U CN210885588 U CN 210885588U CN 201920643753 U CN201920643753 U CN 201920643753U CN 210885588 U CN210885588 U CN 210885588U
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water
tail water
pump
tail
central shaft
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乔素钦
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Qiao Jingmei
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Qiao Jingmei
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an industry tail water environmental protection treatment system, including tail water pretreatment unit, tail water dense precipitation unit, mud dehydration system cake unit, little solid collecting and emergency unit, clear water collects pumping unit and central operation control unit, through tail water dense precipitation unit, realize the solid-liquid separation of tail water under the condition of no medicament, normal temperature, ordinary pressure, the output clear water returns water supply system reuse, through dive sediment stuff pump suction output high concentration mud, prepare the condition for tail water solid phase dehydration system cake, through mud dehydration system cake unit, the mud moisture that comes from dense precipitation unit is got rid of, output low water containing mud cake, the piling up is transported outside the belt conveyer, clear water output returns water supply system reuse, and then realized realizing the solid of tail water under the condition of normal temperature, normal pressure, no flocculating medicament, liquid separation, can dewater tail water dense mud output low water containing mud cake, meanwhile, the clear water after product carrying, evaporation and leakage in the production process can be completely returned for reuse.

Description

Industry tail water environmental protection treatment system
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an environmental protection equipment technical field, more specifically the utility model relates to an industry tail water environmental protection treatment system that says so.
Background
In the production processes of mine ore dressing, sand and stone washing and the industries, a large amount of production tail water, namely sewage (waste water) containing solid and ionic compounds, is one of the important sources of the current domestic environmental hazards, and has high treatment technical difficulty and treatment cost. At present, the domestic technical schemes are various and are basically divided into three categories: (1) a technical scheme of a rake thickener and a tailing pond; (2) the technical proposal of the deep cone thickener and the belt filter press/plate frame filter; (3) the technical scheme of the multistage sedimentation tank and the belt filter press/plate and frame filter.
Wherein, the technical scheme work flow of the rake thickener and the tailing pond is as follows: tail water and a flocculating agent enter a rake thickener, solid-liquid separation is carried out after precipitation, clear water produced by overflow is recycled, and underflow (high-concentration slurry) is sent to a tailing pond for stockpiling management, so that the scheme is widely applied to treatment of mine ore dressing tail water and sand washing tail water; the working process of the scheme of the deep cone thickening barrel and the plate frame/belt type filter press is as follows: tail water and flocculating agent are sent into a deep cone thickening barrel, tail solid and flocculating agent react and crystallize, then solid and liquid are separated, clear water overflows and returns for reuse, and tail solid crystals are sent to a plate frame/belt filter press for dehydration and cake making; the working flow of the scheme of the multistage sedimentation tank and the plate frame/belt type filter press is as follows: the flocculation medicament is along with tail water sedimentation tank group, and solid phase crystallization is after deposiing step by step, and first grade, second grade flocculation crystal adopt the immersible pump sending to filter dehydration system cake, and superfine grain grade deposits at later pond bottom (being thick form) at all levels, adopts excavator or other equipment regularly to clear up, and this scheme is comparatively general in sand stone washing tail water, chemical production tail water, livestock breeding tail water, aquaculture tail water treatment.
However, the technical scheme of the rake thickener and the tailings pond has the following defects:
a. the occupied area is as follows: the system occupies a large area and the tailing pond occupies a large area;
b. construction cost: the system cost + the tailing pond cost + the land acquisition and renting + the forest seedling compensation + the safety assessment and environmental assessment cost, so the cost is high;
c. environmental protection hidden danger: the hidden environmental problems of medicament residue and particle dust emission are great;
d. potential safety hazard: hidden troubles of dam break secondary geological disasters exist;
e. the production cost is as follows: investment expropriation and amortization, system operation cost, clear water return and later-period management cost, and the treatment cost is high;
the scheme of the deep cone dense barrel and the plate frame/belt type filter press has the following defects:
a. environmental protection hidden danger: a large amount of medicament is left in mud cakes and backwater, and the backwater pollutes products;
b. the production cost is as follows: the investment expropriation and amortization, the system running cost, the clear water return and the later management cost, particularly the medicament production cost account for a large proportion;
c. production capacity: limited, not suitable for large scale treatment of tail water;
d. the manufacturing cost in the same proportion: because the capacity is limited, the cost is higher than the same ratio.
The drawbacks of the multi-stage settling tank + plate and frame/belt filter press scheme are as follows:
a. environmental protection hidden danger: the potential hazard of residual medicament in mud cakes and backwater exists, and the backwater utilizes polluted products;
b. the production cost is as follows: the medicament cost, the system operation cost and the sludge removal cost are high;
c. production capacity: limited, not suitable for large scale treatment of tail water;
d. the manufacturing cost in the same proportion: the production capacity is limited, and the cost is higher than the same ratio;
e. difficulty in micro-curing treatment: because the sediment step by step, the tail that leads to output after the second grade sediment is solid is high concentration mud form, generally adopts excavator clearance, tank car outward transportation, and mud cake transportation, stockpiling all have serious environmental protection hidden danger, and the treatment cost is on the high side.
Therefore, the technical personnel in the field need to solve the problem of providing an industrial tail water environmental protection treatment system which can fundamentally improve the tail water treatment environmental protection grade and greatly reduce the treatment cost.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In view of this, the utility model provides an industry tail water environmental protection treatment system can fundamentally improve the tail water and administer the environmental protection level, reduce the treatment cost by a wide margin.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
an industrial tail water environmental protection treatment system comprises a tail water pretreatment unit, a tail water concentration water separation unit, a slurry dehydration and cake making unit and a central operation control unit;
the tail water pretreatment unit comprises a first sedimentation tank, a spiral auger mechanism, a belt conveyor and a sundries removing rolling screen; the spiral auger mechanism is arranged at the bottom of the first sedimentation tank; one end of the belt conveyor is positioned below a discharge outlet of the spiral auger mechanism, and the other end of the belt conveyor is positioned in a stockyard; the sundries removing rolling sieve is arranged on one side of a tail water inlet of the first sedimentation tank, a flow guide spiral plate for guiding out sundries is arranged inside the sundries removing rolling sieve, and the sundries are guided onto a conveying belt under the rotation pushing of the flow guide spiral plate and conveyed to the outside of the first sedimentation tank by the conveying belt to be stacked;
the tail water concentration water separation unit comprises a second sedimentation tank, a tail solid collecting mechanism, a tail water absorption mechanism and a clear water recycling mechanism, and the tail solid collecting mechanism, the tail water absorption mechanism and the clear water recycling mechanism are all arranged on the second sedimentation tank; an annular material collecting groove is formed in the bottom of the second sedimentation tank; tail water in the first sedimentation tank is conveyed into the tail water force eliminating mechanism through a tail water conveying pipe and a tail water guide pipe, the tail water force eliminated by the tail water force eliminating mechanism enters the second sedimentation tank, the tail water is separated into clear water and solid-phase substances, the clear water flows into the clear water recycling mechanism, the solid-phase substances sink in the second sedimentation tank, and the solid-phase substances are conveyed to an annular collecting tank under the action of the tail solid collecting mechanism and then conveyed to the slurry dehydration and cake making unit;
the slurry dehydration and cake making unit comprises a vacuum disc type filter unit, a first pump pool and an overflow pump; a belt of the belt conveyor passes below the vacuum disc type filter unit, mud guards are arranged on two sides of the belt, and the vacuum disc type filter unit is communicated with the clean water recycling mechanism through a water-vapor separation pipe; the rear end of the vacuum disc type filter unit is provided with an overflow groove; the first pump pool is arranged below the drain pipe of the overflow groove, the first pump pool is communicated with the water inlet of the overflow pump, and the water outlet of the overflow pump is communicated with the first sedimentation tank through a pipeline.
Further, the tail solid collecting mechanism comprises a central shaft lower body, a central shaft middle body and a central shaft upper body, wherein the two ends of the central shaft middle body and the central shaft upper body are communicated, a driving arm, a mud suction pump fixing pipe, a mud suction assembly, a hydraulic lifting oil cylinder, a suspension arm, a suspension frame, a scraper frame, a parallel rod, a first scraper and a second scraper,
the lower body of the central shaft is poured in the center of the pool body; the lower end of the central shaft middle body is welded on the central shaft lower body; the lower end of the central shaft upper body is fixed at the upper end of the central shaft middle body; the tail water guide pipe is welded inside the central shaft upper body, the water inlet of the tail water guide pipe is positioned inside the central shaft upper body, and the water outlet of the tail water guide pipe extends into the central shaft middle body; the outer side wall of the tail water guide pipe close to the lower end is welded with the inner wall of the central shaft upper body into a whole through a flange, and an annular water receiving groove is formed by the tail water guide pipe, the flange and the inner wall; the annular water receiving tank is communicated with the annular material collecting tank through a pipeline;
tail water in the tail water conveying pipe enters the central shaft upper body and is conveyed to the central shaft middle body through the tail water guide pipe, a plurality of water outlets are formed in the lower portion of the central shaft middle body along the circumferential direction, the water outlets are communicated with the tail water force eliminating mechanism, and the tail water force eliminating mechanism is communicated with the second sedimentation tank;
a thrust bearing seat is welded at the lower end of the central shaft upper body, an annular steel ball track groove is formed in the upper end face of the thrust bearing seat, and a steel ball is placed in the annular steel ball track groove; the central shaft upper body is sleeved with a sliding shaft sleeve, the lower end face of the sliding shaft sleeve is provided with an annular steel ball track which corresponds to the annular steel ball track groove, and the sliding shaft sleeve is supported on the steel ball; the two sides of the sliding shaft sleeve are welded with transverse shafts, the transverse shafts are movably connected with half shaft seats at the inner ends of the driving arms, the driving arms are positioned at the top of the second sedimentation tank, and the driving arms rotate around the transverse shafts; an oil filling hole is formed in the upper end of the sliding shaft sleeve; the upper end of the central shaft upper body is sleeved with an electric connection slip ring, and the electric connection slip ring and the electric connection carbon brush holder are in sliding fit to form a power supply loop;
the mud suction assembly comprises a mud suction pump fixing pipe, a mud suction pump and a mud transfer pump, and the upper end of the mud suction pump fixing pipe is welded on the driving arm; the slurry suction pump is arranged in the slurry suction pump fixing pipe in a sliding mode, a lifting ring at the upper end of the slurry suction pump is connected with a lifting hoist arranged on the driving arm through a steel wire rope, the lower end of the lifting ring corresponds to the annular material collecting groove, and the slurry suction pump is located in the annular material collecting groove in a lifting mode; the outlet of the slurry suction pump is communicated with the annular water receiving tank through a slurry conveying pipe and a pipeline; the slurry conveying pipe is welded and fixed on the driving arm and moves circularly along with the driving arm; the slurry transfer pump is arranged at the bottom end in the annular water receiving tank, and an outlet of the slurry transfer pump is communicated with the vacuum disc type filter unit through the pipeline;
the hydraulic lifting oil cylinder is arranged on the driving arm along the vertical direction; the suspension arm, the suspension frame, the scraper frame and the parallel rod form a detachable parallelogram structure; the lower part of the suspension bracket is connected with a movable hanging ring; the driving end of the hydraulic lifting oil cylinder is connected with a pull rod, the other end of the pull rod is fixedly connected with the movable hanging ring through a bolt, and the parallelogram structure moves up and down along with the hydraulic lifting oil cylinder;
the suspension bracket and the parallel rod are arranged between the suspension arm and the scraper bracket; one end of the suspension arm is welded on the lower side of the driving arm; the other end of the suspension arm is provided with a first shaft pin hole and a second shaft pin hole which are different in size, the first shaft pin hole with the larger penetrating size is movably connected with the upper end of the suspension frame, and the second shaft pin hole with the smaller penetrating size is movably connected with the upper end of the parallel rod; a third shaft pin hole and a fourth shaft pin hole which are different in size are formed in the scraper frame, the third shaft pin hole with the larger penetrating size of a third shaft pin is movably connected with the lower end of the suspension frame, and the fourth shaft pin hole with the smaller penetrating size of a fourth shaft pin is movably connected with the lower end of the parallel rod; the cross beam of the scraper frame is welded below the scraper frame;
the first scraper blade and the second scraper blade are arranged in a plurality of numbers, and the first scraper blade and the second scraper blade which are arranged in a group are welded on the lower side of the scraper frame at a certain angle.
Furthermore, the tail water dense water separation unit also comprises a bearing seat, a driving wheel, a driving motor reducer and a micro-solid peripheral capture pipe; the bearing seat and the driving motor reducer are fixed on the driving arm, one end of a main shaft of the bearing seat is connected with the driving motor reducer, the other end of the main shaft of the bearing seat extends out of the driving arm to be connected with a hub of the driving wheel, and the driving wheel is arranged in the annular runway at the top of the sedimentation tank body; a micro-solid peripheral capturing pipe is embedded in the position, close to the lower end, of the tank body.
Furthermore, the tail water force eliminating mechanism comprises a force eliminating cover, a force eliminating disc, a wave eliminating cover and a gas eliminating pipe, wherein the force eliminating cover is formed by welding an upper flange, a lower flange and an outer arc plate, an inner hole of the upper flange of the force eliminating cover is welded and connected with the central shaft middle body, a gap is reserved between an inner hole of the lower flange of the force eliminating cover and the central shaft middle body, an annular tail water channel is formed in the gap, and the outer arc plate corresponds to a water outlet on the central shaft middle body in position; the force eliminating disc is welded and installed at the lower part of the central shaft middle body and corresponds to the annular tail water channel in position; the wave-absorbing cover is welded on the upper part of the upper body of the central shaft through a plurality of support rods, and water flow from the force-absorbing disc is bound by the wave-absorbing cover; the air-eliminating pipe is arranged by adopting a plurality of seamless steel pipes to surround the outer edge of the force-eliminating cover, the lower end of the air-eliminating pipe is welded on the force-eliminating cover and is communicated with the inside of the force-eliminating cover, and the upper end of the air-eliminating pipe extends into the inside of the force-eliminating cover.
Furthermore, the clean water recycling mechanism comprises an overflow trough assembly, a clean water turnover pool and a clean water pump, the overflow trough assembly comprises an overflow trough bottom plate, an overflow plate and a drain pipe, the overflow trough bottom plate is welded on pre-buried angle steel in the pool body, the lower edge of the overflow plate is welded on the pre-buried angle steel and the inner edge of the overflow trough bottom plate, and the upper edge of the overflow plate is connected with the pool body and the overflow trough bottom plate to form an annular water trough; the drainage pipes are radially surrounded on the outer periphery of the overflow trough bottom plate and fixed with the overflow plate; the water inlet of the water discharge pipe is communicated with the annular water tank, the water outlet of the water discharge pipe extends into the clean water turnover pool, and clean water in the clean water turnover pool is conveyed to a gravel production workshop through the clean water pump.
Further, the tail water pretreatment unit also comprises a second pump pool, a first slurry pump, a concrete foundation, a stand column, a tail water overbridge and a first ladder step; the second pump pool and the first sedimentation pool are concrete pouring members which are adjacently arranged; the first slurry pump is arranged in the second pump pool, and an outlet of the first slurry pump is communicated with the inner cavity of the upper body of the central shaft through the tail water conveying pipe; the concrete foundation is poured between the pool body and the second pump pool;
one end of the tail water overbridge is supported at the top of the central shaft upper body, and the other end of the tail water overbridge is supported on the concrete foundation through the upright post; the tail water overbridge supports the tail water conveying pipe; the first ladder step is welded on the end face of the tail water overbridge close to the concrete foundation.
Further, the spiral auger mechanism comprises a first supporting seat, a second supporting seat, a main shaft, a spiral auger and a driving device, wherein the first supporting seat and the second supporting seat are fixed on the bottom plate of the first sedimentation tank through embedded parts; the main shaft is arranged on the first supporting seat and the second supporting seat; the spiral auger is welded on the main shaft; and the output end of a speed reducer of the driving device is connected with one end of the main shaft through a flange plate.
Further, the mud dewatering and cake making unit further comprises a first mounting platform, a protective fence and a mass type second step, and the vacuum disc type filter unit is mounted on the first mounting platform; the protective fence is welded around the first mounting platform; the second ladder step is arranged between the first mounting platform and the ground.
The micro-solid collecting emergency unit comprises a flocculation stirring barrel, a solid-liquid separation tank, a negative pressure tank, a suction pipe, a submersible pump, a tail water pipe containing micro-solids, a second mounting platform, a second slurry pump, a medicament stirring storage barrel and a dosing pump;
the flocculation stirring barrel and the solid-liquid separation tank are mounted on the second mounting platform, and the lower part of the tank body of the solid-liquid separation tank is communicated with the lower end of the flocculation stirring barrel through a communicating pipe; an overflow groove is welded on the outer edge of an opening at the upper end of the solid-liquid separation tank, a water outlet pipe is arranged at the bottom of the overflow groove, and the water outlet pipe is communicated with clear water which is gathered into a turnover tank;
the negative pressure tank is fixedly arranged on an embedded part of the lower body of the central shaft, the upper end of the negative pressure tank is connected with the water inlet of the submersible pump through a bolt, and the water outlet of the submersible pump is communicated with the flocculation stirring barrel through the tail water pipe containing micro solids; a dosing hopper is welded on the tail water pipe containing micro solids;
the suction pipes are arranged around the negative pressure tank in a radial welding mode, are welded and fixed on the central shaft middle body, and the extending ends of the suction pipes penetrate through the central shaft middle body and extend into the second sedimentation tank from the space between the force eliminating cover and the force eliminating disc;
the medicament stirring and storing barrel is arranged below the second mounting platform, a stirring submersible pump is arranged in the medicament stirring and storing barrel, the lower end of the medicament stirring and storing barrel is communicated with the water inlet of the dosing pump through a pipeline, and the water outlet of the dosing pump is communicated with the dosing hopper through a pipeline;
the second slurry pump is installed below the solid-liquid separation tank, a water inlet of the second slurry pump is communicated with the lower end of the solid-liquid separation tank in a welding mode through a pipeline, and a water outlet of the second slurry pump is communicated with the first sedimentation tank through a pipeline.
Furthermore, the central operation control unit comprises a central console, a night vision color high-definition camera, a power supply, a prompt warning device, a central control room and a signal transmission line; the center console is a piano type console, the piano type console consists of a platform, a television screen, a console and element cabinets, the element cabinets are arranged below the platform, a video display is embedded in the television screen, and an opening button, a stopping button and a frequency converter control panel are embedded in the console; the plurality of night vision color high-definition cameras are respectively arranged on the tail water pretreatment unit, the tail water concentration water separation unit and the slurry dehydration and cake making unit; install sound, flash warning light on the drive arm end the operation panel below installation time delay, sound prompting device.
Through taking above scheme, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that:
1) the whole process is free of medicament: the tail water of the system can realize solid-liquid separation under the conditions of normal temperature and normal pressure, and flocculation reagents are not added in the treatment process, so that the hidden danger of medicament residue of products can be effectively avoided;
2) dehydrating tail solids to prepare cakes: the solid in the tail water is dewatered and made into a cake after being thickened, and a mud cake containing 8 to 15 percent of water is produced and can be converted into building engineering filler or industrial product raw materials;
3) all clear water is used: clear water produced by solid-liquid separation is returned to a water supply system for reuse, so that water resources and water use production cost can be greatly saved, and the hidden danger of pollution of tail water discharge to surface flow water and underground water is avoided;
4) the operation and maintenance are convenient: the system adopts the full-system digital code and the remote visual control, so the operation and the control are simple, and the daily maintenance is convenient;
5) the operation cost is low: because the factors such as adding flocculation reagent and transporting slurry are not needed, the treatment production cost of the tail water is about 10 to 20 percent of that of the similar dense technical scheme, so the production cost is extremely low (case parameters);
6) the construction cost is low: compared with other thickening technical schemes, the construction cost of the system is only 50 percent of that of the traditional rake thickener, plate frame or belt filter press;
7) the occupied area is small: compared with other dense technical schemes, the system occupies one third of the area of the same type and same production energy technical scheme.
Can know via foretell technical scheme, compare with prior art, the utility model discloses a system is administered in industry tail water environmental protection has solved following technical problem:
1) residual medicament harm: the traditional tail water treatment technical scheme needs to use a large amount of flocculating agents such as polyacrylamide, polyaluminium chloride and the like; the utility model can realize solid-liquid separation of tail water under the conditions of no medicament, normal temperature and normal pressure, solves the problems of product pollution and medicament residue hazard, and fundamentally ensures that a production system operates under the environment-friendly condition;
2) the treatment cost is high: the production cost of the traditional tail water treatment technical scheme mainly comprises medicament cost, electric cost, labor cost and the like, wherein the medicament cost accounts for a large proportion, so the cost is higher; the utility model has the advantages of no addition of medicament, power saving and high automation degree, thereby greatly reducing the comprehensive production cost;
3) and (3) conversion and utilization of mud cakes: mud cakes produced by the traditional tail water treatment technical scheme have high water content and are mostly thick mud, and serious problems exist in stockpiling and digestion; the produced mud cake has low moisture content (8-12%), can be converted into agricultural land reconstruction or building engineering filler, avoids occupying large area of land and avoids secondary environmental pollution;
4) water resource consumption: in the traditional tail water treatment technical scheme, due to the fact that mud cakes and mud have high water content and the problems of 'running, overflowing, dripping and leaking' of a system cannot be overcome, water resources are wasted; the utility model discloses except that the product carries, the production water of natural evaporation can all return, practice thrift the production water and use water cost by a wide margin.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings required to be used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the provided drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a front view of an environmental protection treatment system for industrial tail water according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged schematic structural view of a portion I in FIG. 1 according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged schematic structural view of a portion II in FIG. 1 according to the present invention;
fig. 4 is an enlarged schematic structural diagram of a part iii in fig. 1 according to the present invention;
fig. 5 is an enlarged schematic structural diagram of a portion iv in fig. 1 according to the present invention;
fig. 6 is an enlarged schematic structural view of a v portion in fig. 1 according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a top view of an environmental protection treatment system for industrial tail water according to the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional view taken along line A-A of FIG. 1;
FIG. 9 is a partially enlarged view of portion A of FIG. 2;
FIG. 10 is a partially enlarged view of a portion B of FIG. 2;
fig. 11 is a process flow diagram of an industrial tail water environmental protection treatment system provided by the utility model.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in the figures 1-11, the embodiment of the utility model discloses an industrial tail water environmental protection treatment system, which comprises a tail water pretreatment unit III, a tail water concentration water separation unit IV, a slurry dehydration cake making unit II and a central operation control unit;
the tail water pretreatment unit III comprises a first sedimentation tank 15, a spiral auger mechanism, a belt conveyor 75 and a sundries removing rolling screen 17; the spiral auger mechanism is arranged at the bottom of the first sedimentation tank 15; one end of the belt conveyor 75 is positioned below a discharge outlet of the spiral auger mechanism, and the other end of the belt conveyor is positioned in a stockyard; the sundries removing rolling screen 17 is arranged on one side of a tail water inlet of the first sedimentation tank 15, a flow guide spiral plate for guiding out sundries is arranged inside the sundries removing rolling screen 17, the sundries are guided onto the conveyer belt 16 under the rotation and pushing of the flow guide spiral plate, and are conveyed to the outside of the first sedimentation tank 15 by the conveyer belt 16 to be stacked;
the tail water concentration water separation unit IV comprises a second sedimentation tank 34, a tail solid collection mechanism, a tail water absorption mechanism and a clear water recycling mechanism, wherein the tail solid collection mechanism, the tail water absorption mechanism and the clear water recycling mechanism are all arranged on the second sedimentation tank 34; the bottom 100 of the second sedimentation tank 34 is provided with an annular collecting groove 101; tail water in the first sedimentation tank 15 is conveyed into a tail water force eliminating mechanism through a tail water conveying pipe 20 and a tail water guide pipe 44, the tail water which is eliminated through the tail water force eliminating mechanism enters a second sedimentation tank 34, the tail water is separated into clear water and solid-phase substances, the clear water flows into a clear water recycling mechanism, the solid-phase substances sink in the second sedimentation tank 34, and the solid-phase substances are conveyed to an annular collecting tank 101 under the action of a tail solid collecting mechanism and then conveyed to a mud dewatering and cake making unit II;
the mud dehydration and cake making unit II comprises a vacuum disc type filter unit 13, a first pump pool 77 and an overflow pump 78; the belt of the belt conveyor 75 passes below the vacuum disc type filter unit 13, mud guards are arranged on two sides of the belt, and the vacuum disc type filter unit 13 is communicated with the clean water recycling mechanism through a water-vapor separation pipe; the rear end of the vacuum disc type filter unit 13 is provided with an overflow groove; the first pump pond 77 is arranged below the drain pipe of the overflow groove, the first pump pond 77 is communicated with the water inlet of the overflow pump 78, and the water outlet of the overflow pump 78 is communicated with the first sedimentation tank 15 through a pipeline.
Further, the tail solid collecting mechanism comprises a central shaft lower body 93, a central shaft middle body 49 with two ends communicated with each other, a central shaft upper body 45, a driving arm 33, a mud suction pump fixing pipe 98, a mud suction assembly, a hydraulic lifting cylinder 103, a suspension arm 106, a suspension bracket 56, a scraper bracket 110, a parallel rod 108, a first scraper 53 and a second scraper 54,
the central shaft lower body 93 is poured in the center of the pool body 80; the lower end of the central shaft middle body 49 is welded on the central shaft lower body; the lower end of the central shaft upper body 45 is fixed at the upper end of the central shaft middle body 49; the tail water guide pipe 44 is welded inside the central shaft upper body 45, the water inlet of the tail water guide pipe 44 is positioned inside the central shaft upper body 45, and the water outlet of the tail water guide pipe 44 extends into the central shaft middle body 49; the outer side wall of the tail water guide pipe 44 close to the lower end is welded with the inner wall of the central shaft upper body 45 into a whole through a flange, and the three parts form an annular water receiving groove 43; the annular water receiving groove 43 is communicated with the annular material collecting groove 101 through a pipeline;
tail water in the tail water conveying pipe 20 enters the central shaft upper body 45 and is conveyed to the central shaft middle body 49 through the tail water guide pipe 44, a plurality of water outlets 90 are formed in the lower portion of the central shaft middle body 49 along the circumferential direction, the water outlets 90 are communicated with a tail water force eliminating mechanism, and the tail water force eliminating mechanism is communicated with the second sedimentation tank 34;
a thrust bearing seat 41 is welded at the lower end of the central shaft upper body 45, an annular steel ball track groove is formed in the upper end face of the thrust bearing seat 41, and a steel ball is placed in the annular steel ball track groove; the central shaft upper body 45 is sleeved with a sliding shaft sleeve 48, the lower end face of the sliding shaft sleeve 48 is provided with an annular steel ball track which corresponds to the annular steel ball track groove, and the sliding shaft sleeve 48 is supported on the steel ball; the two sides of the sliding shaft sleeve 48 are welded with transverse shafts 113, the transverse shafts 113 are movably connected with half shaft seats 114 at the inner ends of the driving arms 33, the driving arms are positioned at the top of the second sedimentation tank 34, and the driving arms 33 rotate around the transverse shafts 113; an oil filling hole is formed at the upper end of the sliding shaft sleeve 48; the upper end of the central shaft upper body 45 is sleeved with an electric connecting slip ring 47, and the electric connecting slip ring 47 is in sliding fit with the electric connecting carbon brush holder to form a power supply loop;
the mud suction assembly comprises a mud suction pump fixing pipe 98, a mud suction pump 97 and a mud transfer pump 46, wherein the upper end of the mud suction pump fixing pipe 98 is welded on the driving arm 33; the slurry suction pump 97 is arranged in the slurry suction pump fixing pipe 98 in a sliding manner, a lifting ring at the upper end of the slurry suction pump 97 is connected with a lifting hoist arranged on the driving arm 33 through a steel wire rope, the lower end of the lifting ring corresponds to the annular collecting groove 101, and the slurry suction pump 97 is arranged in the annular collecting groove 101 in a lifting manner; the outlet of the slurry suction pump 97 is communicated with the annular water receiving tank 43 through a slurry conveying pipe 99 and a pipeline 50; the slurry conveying pipe 99 is welded and fixed on the driving arm 33 and moves circularly along with the driving arm 33; the slurry transfer pump 46 is arranged at the bottom end inside the annular water receiving tank 43, and the outlet of the slurry transfer pump 46 is communicated with the vacuum disc type filter unit 13 through the pipeline 24;
the hydraulic lifting oil cylinder 103 is arranged on the driving arm 33 along the vertical direction; the hanger arm 106, hanger 56, flight holder 110 and parallel bar 108 form a detachable parallelogram structure; the lower part of the suspension bracket 56 is connected with a movable hanging ring 109; the driving end of the hydraulic lifting oil cylinder 103 is connected with a pull rod, the other end of the pull rod is fixedly connected with a movable hanging ring 109 through a bolt, and the parallelogram structure moves up and down along with the hydraulic lifting oil cylinder 103;
the hanger 56, parallel bar 108 are disposed between the hanger arm 106 and the flight holder 110; one end of the suspension arm 106 is welded to the lower side of the driving arm 33; the other end of the suspension arm 106 is provided with a first shaft pin hole and a second shaft pin hole which are different in size, the first shaft pin hole with larger penetrating size is movably connected with the upper end of the suspension frame 56, and the second shaft pin hole with smaller penetrating size is movably connected with the upper end of the parallel rod 108; a third shaft pin hole and a fourth shaft pin hole which are different in size are formed in the scraper frame 110, the third shaft pin hole with the larger penetrating size of the third shaft pin is movably connected with the lower end of the suspension frame 56, and the fourth shaft pin hole with the smaller penetrating size of the fourth shaft pin is movably connected with the lower end of the parallel rod 108; the beam of the scraper frame 110 is welded below the scraper frame 110;
the first blade 53 and the second blade 54 are provided in plural, and the first blade 53 and the second blade 54 arranged in a group are welded at an angle to the lower side of the blade holder 110.
Specifically, the tail water dense water separation unit further comprises a bearing seat 116, a driving wheel 60, a driving motor reducer 115 and a micro-solid peripheral capture pipe 64; the bearing seat 116 and the driving motor reducer 115 are fixed on the driving arm 33, one end of a main shaft of the bearing seat 116 is connected with the driving motor reducer 115, the other end of the main shaft of the bearing seat 116 extends out of the driving arm to be connected with a hub of a driving wheel, and the driving wheel is arranged in an annular runway 62 at the top of the pool body 80 of the sedimentation pool; a micro-solid peripheral capture tube 64 is embedded in the tank body 80 near the lower end.
Specifically, the tail water absorption mechanism comprises an absorption cover 96, an absorption disc 95, an absorption cover 51 and an absorption pipe 89, wherein the absorption cover 96 is formed by welding an upper flange, a lower flange and an outer arc plate, an inner hole of the upper flange of the absorption cover 96 is welded with the central shaft middle body 49, a gap is reserved between an inner hole of the lower flange of the absorption cover 96 and the central shaft middle body 49, an annular tail water channel is formed by the gap, and the outer arc plate corresponds to a water outlet on the central shaft middle body 49 in position; the force eliminating disc 95 is welded and installed at the lower part of the central shaft middle body 49 and corresponds to the position of the annular tail water channel; the wave-absorbing cover 51 is welded on the upper part of the upper body of the central shaft through a plurality of support rods, and water flow from the force-absorbing disc 95 is bound by the wave-absorbing cover 51; the muffler 89 is arranged by a plurality of seamless steel pipes around the outer edge of the muffler cover 96, the lower end of the muffler 89 is welded on the muffler cover 96 and is communicated with the inside of the muffler cover 96, and the upper end of the muffler extends into the muffler cover 51.
Specifically, the clean water recycling mechanism comprises an overflow trough assembly, a clean water turnover pool 67 and a clean water pump 68, the overflow trough assembly comprises an overflow trough bottom plate 59, an overflow plate 58 and a drain pipe 63, the overflow trough bottom plate 59 is welded on pre-embedded angle steel 61 in the pool body 80, the lower edge of the overflow plate 58 is welded on the pre-embedded angle steel 61 and the inner edge of the overflow trough bottom plate 59, and the upper edge of the overflow plate 58 is connected with the pool body 80 and the overflow trough bottom plate 59 to form an annular water trough; a plurality of water discharge pipes 63 are arranged, and the plurality of water discharge pipes 63 radially surround the outer periphery of the overflow chute base plate 59 and are fixed with the overflow plate 58; the water inlet of the water drainage pipe 63 is communicated with the annular water tank, the water outlet of the water drainage pipe 63 extends into the clean water turnover pool 67, and clean water in the clean water turnover pool 67 is conveyed to a gravel production workshop through the clean water pump 68.
Specifically, the tail water pretreatment unit iii further comprises a second pump pool 21, a first slurry pump 22, a concrete foundation, a column 27, a tail water overbridge 29 and a first ladder step 25; the second pump pond 21 and the first sedimentation pond 15 are adjacently arranged concrete pouring components; the first slurry pump 22 is arranged in the second pump pool 21, and the outlet of the first slurry pump 22 is communicated with the inner cavity of the central shaft upper body 45 through the tail water conveying pipe 20; the concrete foundation is poured between the pool body 80 and the second pump pool 21;
one end of the tail water overbridge 29 is supported at the top of the central shaft upper body 45, and the other end of the tail water overbridge 29 is supported on a concrete foundation through the upright post 27; the tail water overbridge 29 supports the tail water delivery pipe 20; the first step 25 is welded to the end face of the tailwater overbridge 29 near the concrete foundation.
Specifically, the spiral auger mechanism comprises a first supporting seat, a second supporting seat, a main shaft, a spiral auger 14 and a driving device, wherein the first supporting seat and the second supporting seat are fixed on a bottom plate of the bottom of a first sedimentation tank 15 through embedded parts; the main shaft is arranged on the first supporting seat and the second supporting seat; the spiral auger 14 is welded on the main shaft; the output end of a speed reducer of the driving device is connected with one end of the main shaft through a flange plate.
Specifically, the slurry dewatering and cake making unit II further comprises a first mounting platform 12, a protective fence and a mass type second step 76, and the vacuum disc type filter unit 13 is mounted on the first mounting platform 12; the protective fence is welded around the first mounting platform 12; a second stepped mass 76 is mounted between the first mounting platform 12 and the ground.
Specifically, the device further comprises a micro-solid collecting and emergency unit I, wherein the micro-solid collecting and emergency unit I comprises a flocculation stirring barrel 5, a solid-liquid separation tank 3, a negative pressure tank 91, a suction pipe 92, a submersible pump 94, a tail water pipe 8 containing micro-solids, a second mounting platform 9, a second slurry pump 69, a medicament stirring storage barrel 73 and a dosing pump 74;
the second mounting platform 9 is provided with a flocculation stirring barrel 5 and a solid-liquid separation tank 3, and the lower part of the tank body of the solid-liquid separation tank 3 is communicated with the lower end of the flocculation stirring barrel 5 through a communicating pipe 72; an overflow groove is welded on the outer edge of an opening at the upper end of the solid-liquid separation tank 3, a water outlet pipe is arranged at the bottom of the overflow groove, and the water outlet pipe is communicated with clear water which is gathered into a turnover tank;
the negative pressure tank 91 is fixedly arranged on an embedded part of the central shaft lower body 93, the upper end of the negative pressure tank 91 is connected with a water inlet of a submersible pump 94 through a bolt, and a water outlet of the submersible pump 94 is communicated with the flocculation stirring barrel 5 through a tail water pipe 8 containing micro-solids; a chemical feeding hopper 6 is welded on the tail water pipe 8 containing micro-solids;
a plurality of suction pipes 92 are arranged around the negative pressure tank 91 in a radial welding manner, the suction pipes 92 are fixedly welded on the central shaft middle body 49, and the extending ends of the suction pipes 92 penetrate through the central shaft middle body 49 and extend into the second sedimentation tank 34 from the space between the force eliminating cover 96 and the force eliminating disc 95;
the medicament stirring storage barrel 73 is arranged below the second mounting platform 9, a stirring submersible pump is arranged in the medicament stirring storage barrel 73, the lower end of the medicament stirring storage barrel 73 is communicated with a water inlet of the administration pump 74 through a pipeline, and a water outlet of the administration pump 74 is communicated with the dosing hopper 6 through a pipeline;
the second slurry pump 69 is arranged below the solid-liquid separation tank 3, the water inlet of the second slurry pump 69 is communicated with the lower end of the solid-liquid separation tank 3 through a pipeline in a welding way, and the water outlet of the second slurry pump 69 is communicated with the first sedimentation tank 15 through a pipeline.
Specifically, the central operation control unit comprises a central console, a night vision color high-definition camera, a power supply, a prompt warning device, a central control room and a signal transmission line; the center console is a piano type console, the piano type console consists of a platform, a television screen, a console and element cabinets, 4 element cabinets are arranged below the platform, a video display is embedded in the television screen, and an opening button, a stopping button and a frequency converter control panel are embedded in the console; the plurality of night vision color high-definition cameras are respectively arranged on the tail water pretreatment unit, the tail water concentration water separation unit and the slurry dehydration cake making unit; a sound and flash prompting lamp is arranged at the end of the driving arm 33, and a time delay and sound prompter is arranged below the operating platform.
Specifically, the spiral auger 14 is formed by drawing a steel plate; the sundries removing rolling screen 17 is formed by welding a plurality of steel plates with holes in a combined manner; the tail water overbridge 29 is formed by welding a steel pipe, a groove pipe and angle steel in a combined mode; the central shaft lower body 93 is formed by pouring reinforced concrete; the tank bottom 100 and the tank body 80 are both cast by reinforced concrete; the central shaft middle body 45 is formed by rolling a steel plate; the sliding shaft sleeve 48 is formed by combining and welding steel plates; the driving arm 33 is formed by combining and welding rectangular steel and section steel; the suspension arm 106 is formed by combining and welding steel plates; the suspension bracket 56 is formed by combining and welding steel pipes; the scraper frame 110 and the parallel rod 108 are formed by combining and welding steel plates and steel pipes; the submersible slurry pump conduit 98 is made by rolling a steel plate; the annular material collecting groove 101 is built by red bricks or poured by concrete; the force eliminating cover 96 is formed by welding an upper flange, a lower flange and an outer arc plate; the force eliminating disc 95 and the wave eliminating cover 51 are formed by combining and welding steel plates; the first installation platform 12 and the second installation platform 9 are formed by combining and welding steel members; the negative pressure tank 91 and the solid-liquid separation tank 3 are formed by rolling, combining and welding steel plates.
The utility model discloses a working process does: when tail water enters the system, a start button is pressed down in sequence, a video system is started, each part is adjusted to a specified parameter value according to a video signal and a power signal, the system enters a normal operation state, firstly enters a tail water pretreatment unit, a rolling screen 17 is started to rotate, the tail water from a sand and stone production workshop enters the rolling screen 17 and enters a first sedimentation tank 15 through a screen hole, sundries are led out spirally, the sundries are prevented from entering the system to block pipelines, and the sundries are sent out by a conveying belt 16 and stacked; the spiral auger 14 is started to rotate, coarse fraction solid phase objects in tail water are spirally spun out and sent out by the belt conveyor 75 to be stacked, and the coarse fraction solid phase objects are prevented from entering a system to block a pipeline; starting a first slurry pump 22, enabling tail water to enter a water conduit of a central shaft upper body 45 through a conveying pipe 20 on a tail water overbridge 29, then entering a central shaft middle body 49 through a tail water conduit 44, shooting to the inner wall of a force eliminating cover 96 through a water outlet 90 on the central shaft middle body 49 to finish primary force elimination of the tail water, then bending to the upper part of a force eliminating disc 95 to finish secondary force elimination, then entering a second sedimentation tank 34 of a thickener for natural sedimentation, namely enabling the tail water to gradually fill the volume of the sedimentation tank after entering the second sedimentation tank 34 of the thickener, and meanwhile continuing to flow upwards for part of water with higher flow rate until entering a wave eliminating cover 51 to be intercepted, preventing the water from diffusing and surging around, and ensuring that the liquid level is quiet;
in the tail water filling process, solid-phase substances sink to the bottom 100 of the pool under the action of the gravity and are accumulated, solid-liquid separation is carried out under the conditions of no medicament, normal temperature and normal pressure, when the water level of clean water in the pool rises and exceeds the overflow plate 58, the clean water turns over the overflow plate 58 to enter the overflow groove, and the clean water returns to a sandstone workshop for reuse through the drain pipe 63, the clean water turnover pool 67 and the clean water pump 68;
the driving arm 33 and the motor reducer 115 are started, and the driving wheel drives the driving arm 33 to do circular motion along the runway 62, so as to drive the suspension arm 106, the suspension frame 56, the scraper frame 110, the first scraper 53, the second scraper 54, the slurry suction pump conduit 98 and the slurry pump 97 to rotate along with the driving arm; at the moment, the first scraper 53 and the second scraper 54 with inclination angles cut, solid matters accumulated on the extrusion pool bottom 100 move to the annular collecting groove 101 to be accumulated, the slurry suction pump 97 is started, the solid matters in the collecting groove 101 are stirred and sucked, the solid matters are conveyed into the water receiving groove 43 through the pipeline 50 pump, the slurry transfer pump 46 is started, the slurry in the water receiving groove 43 is conveyed into the vacuum disc type filter unit 13 through the pipeline pump, and conditions are prepared for a dewatering and cake making section;
when the mud is too thick, the hydraulic lifting oil cylinder 103 is started to lift the scraper, or the rotating speed of the mud pump 97 is reduced, the mud is pumped to become thin, otherwise, the mud is thickened, when tail water is injected into the central shaft middle body 49 through the tail water guide pipe 44 at a high speed, the tail water is injected to the inner wall of the force eliminating cover 96 through the water outlet 90, a part of air is carried into the force eliminating cover 96 under the action of negative pressure, the air compressed by the tail water is led out to the atmosphere through the gas eliminating pipe 89, so that the compressed gas is prevented from generating bubbles to drive the water body to be disturbed, and the water body in the central area of the sedimentation;
then, the slurry water of the dense water separation unit IV enters a slurry dehydration cake making unit, a vacuum disc type filter 13 is started, a vacuum/air compressor of the filter, a filter disc and a stirring shaft rotate immediately, the slurry is adsorbed and cake on filter disc filter cloth by a filter disc vacuum area of the vacuum disc type filter 13 to form material filter cloth, the filter disc continues to rotate to enter a dehydration and transportation section, the water of a filter cake is further absorbed, when the filter disc rotates to a high-pressure discharging section, a high-pressure gas valve of the filter is opened, a filter cake is peeled from the filter cloth under the action of high-pressure gas and reverse flushing water, the filter cake falls onto a 75-belt of the belt conveyor and is transported and stacked outside, produced clear water is collected into a clear water turnover tank for recycling after passing through a water-steam separation pipe, when the slurry is excessive, the slurry turns over the overflow plate, enters the overflow groove, is discharged, enters the overflow pump pool 77, and is pumped to the first pretreatment sedimentation pool 15 through the overflow pump 78;
in the process, when the particulate solid matter in the tail water is excessive or the second sedimentation tank 34 of the thickener runs muddy, the micro-solid collecting emergency unit I is started timely to perform emergency treatment on part of tail water containing solid matter, the submersible pump 94 is started, the tail water containing suspended particulate solid matter is sucked by the submersible pump 94 through the suction pipe 92 and the negative pressure tank 91, and is sent into the flocculation stirring barrel 5 through the pipeline 8 for stirring, the administration pump 74 is started, the diluted flocculation reagent is pumped into the flocculation stirring barrel 5 through the administration hopper 6, the motor of the flocculation stirring barrel 5 is started, the micro-solid tail water and the flocculation reagent which enter the stirring barrel are fully mixed, the micro-solid rapidly crystallizes and sinks, the micro-solid rapidly crystallizes and is sent into the first sedimentation tank 15 through the slurry pump 69, the micro-solid matter and the newly generated washing tail water are circulated and then enter the system for treatment, clear water containing trace reagent (2-5PPm) is produced and is merged into, The unit is closed when the overflow of the thickener does not run muddy, and finally, when the tail water stops conveying, a stop button is pressed down, a video signal system is closed, and a power supply is cut off in sequence.
The embodiments in the present description are described in a progressive manner, each embodiment focuses on differences from other embodiments, and the same and similar parts among the embodiments are referred to each other. The device disclosed by the embodiment corresponds to the method disclosed by the embodiment, so that the description is simple, and the relevant points can be referred to the method part for description.
The previous description of the disclosed embodiments is provided to enable any person skilled in the art to make or use the present invention. Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, and the generic principles defined herein may be applied to other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. Thus, the present invention is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed herein.

Claims (10)

1. An industrial tail water environment-friendly treatment system is characterized by comprising a tail water pretreatment unit (III), a tail water concentration water separation unit (IV), a slurry dehydration and cake making unit (II) and a central operation control unit;
the tail water pretreatment unit (III) comprises a first sedimentation tank (15), a spiral auger mechanism, a belt conveyor (75) and a sundries removing rolling screen (17); the spiral auger mechanism is arranged at the bottom of the first sedimentation tank (15); one end of the belt conveyor (75) is positioned below a discharge outlet of the spiral auger mechanism, and the other end of the belt conveyor is positioned in a stockyard; the sundries removing rolling sieve (17) is installed on one side of a tail water inlet of the first sedimentation tank (15), a flow guide spiral plate for guiding out sundries is arranged inside the sundries removing rolling sieve (17), the sundries are guided onto the conveying belt (16) under the rotary pushing of the flow guide spiral plate, and are conveyed to the outside of the first sedimentation tank (15) by the conveying belt (16) to be stacked;
the tail water concentration water separation unit (IV) comprises a second sedimentation tank (34), a tail solid collection mechanism, a tail water absorption mechanism and a clear water recycling mechanism, wherein the tail solid collection mechanism, the tail water absorption mechanism and the clear water recycling mechanism are all arranged on the second sedimentation tank (34); the bottom (100) of the second sedimentation tank (34) is provided with an annular collecting groove (101); tail water in the first sedimentation tank (15) is conveyed into the tail water force eliminating mechanism through a tail water conveying pipe (20) and a tail water guide pipe (44), the tail water which is eliminated by the tail water force eliminating mechanism enters the second sedimentation tank (34), the tail water is separated into clear water and solid phase substances, the clear water flows into the clear water recycling mechanism, the solid phase substances sink in the second sedimentation tank (34), and the solid phase substances are conveyed to an annular collecting trough (101) under the action of the tail solid collecting mechanism and then conveyed to the mud dewatering and cake making unit (II);
the mud dehydration and cake making unit (II) comprises a vacuum disc type filter unit (13), a first pump pool (77) and an overflow pump (78); a belt of the belt conveyor (75) passes below the vacuum disc type filter unit (13), mud guards are arranged on two sides of the belt, and the vacuum disc type filter unit (13) is communicated with the clean water recycling mechanism through a water-vapor separation pipe; an overflow groove is formed in the rear end of the vacuum disc type filter unit (13); the first pump pool (77) is arranged below a drain pipe of the overflow groove, the first pump pool (77) is communicated with a water inlet of the overflow pump (78), and a water outlet of the overflow pump (78) is communicated with the first sedimentation tank (15) through a pipeline.
2. The industrial tail water environmental protection treatment system according to claim 1, wherein the tail solid collection mechanism comprises a central shaft lower body (93), a central shaft middle body (49) with two through ends and a central shaft upper body (45), a driving arm (33), a mud suction pump fixing pipe (98), a mud suction component, a hydraulic lift cylinder (103), a suspension arm (106), a suspension bracket (56), a scraper bracket (110), a parallel rod (108), a first scraper (53) and a second scraper (54),
the central shaft lower body (93) is poured in the center of the pool body (80); the lower end of the central shaft middle body (49) is welded on the central shaft lower body; the lower end of the central shaft upper body (45) is fixed at the upper end of the central shaft middle body (49); the tail water guide pipe (44) is welded inside the central shaft upper body (45), the water inlet of the tail water guide pipe (44) is positioned inside the central shaft upper body (45), and the water outlet of the tail water guide pipe (44) extends into the central shaft middle body (49); the outer side wall of the tail water guide pipe (44) close to the lower end is welded with the inner wall of the central shaft upper body (45) into a whole through a flange, and an annular water receiving groove (43) is formed by the tail water guide pipe, the flange and the central shaft upper body; the annular water receiving groove (43) is communicated with the annular material collecting groove (101) through a pipeline;
tail water in the tail water conveying pipe (20) enters the central shaft upper body (45) and is conveyed to the central shaft middle body (49) through the tail water guide pipe (44), a plurality of water outlets (90) are formed in the lower portion of the central shaft middle body (49) along the circumferential direction, the water outlets (90) are communicated with the tail water force eliminating mechanism, and the tail water force eliminating mechanism is communicated with the second sedimentation tank (34);
a thrust bearing seat (41) is welded at the lower end of the central shaft upper body (45), an annular steel ball track groove is formed in the upper end face of the thrust bearing seat (41), and a steel ball is placed in the annular steel ball track groove; the central shaft upper body (45) is sleeved with a sliding shaft sleeve (48), an annular steel ball track is arranged on the lower end face of the sliding shaft sleeve (48) and corresponds to the annular steel ball track groove, and the sliding shaft sleeve (48) is supported on the steel ball; the two sides of the sliding shaft sleeve (48) are welded with transverse shafts (113), the transverse shafts (113) are movably connected with a semi-shaft seat (114) at the inner end of the driving arm (33), the driving arm is positioned at the top of the second sedimentation tank (34), and the driving arm (33) rotates around the transverse shafts (113); an oil filling hole is formed in the upper end of the sliding shaft sleeve (48); the upper end of the central shaft upper body (45) is sleeved with an electric connection slip ring (47), and the electric connection slip ring (47) is in sliding fit with the electric connection carbon brush holder to form a power supply loop;
the slurry suction assembly comprises a slurry suction pump fixing pipe (98), a slurry suction pump (97) and a slurry transfer pump (46), wherein the upper end of the slurry suction pump fixing pipe (98) is welded on the driving arm (33); the mud suction pump (97) is arranged in the mud suction pump fixing pipe (98) in a sliding mode, a lifting ring at the upper end of the mud suction pump (97) is connected with a lifting hoist arranged on the driving arm (33) through a steel wire rope, the lower end of the lifting ring corresponds to the annular collecting groove (101), and the mud suction pump (97) is located in the annular collecting groove (101) in a lifting mode; the outlet of the slurry suction pump (97) is communicated with the annular water receiving tank (43) through a slurry conveying pipe (99) and a pipeline (50); the slurry conveying pipe (99) is welded and fixed on the driving arm (33) and moves circularly along with the driving arm (33); the slurry transfer pump (46) is arranged at the bottom end inside the annular water receiving tank (43), and the outlet of the slurry transfer pump (46) is communicated with the vacuum disc type filter unit (13) through the pipeline (24);
the hydraulic lifting oil cylinder (103) is arranged on the driving arm (33) along the vertical direction; the suspension arm (106), the suspension bracket (56), the scraper bracket (110) and the parallel bar (108) form a detachable parallelogram structure; the lower part of the suspension bracket (56) is connected with a movable hanging ring (109); the driving end of the hydraulic lifting oil cylinder (103) is connected with a pull rod, the other end of the pull rod is fixedly connected with the movable hanging ring (109) through a bolt, and the parallelogram structure moves up and down along with the hydraulic lifting oil cylinder (103);
the suspension bracket (56), the parallel bar (108) being arranged between the suspension arm (106) and the flight bracket (110); one end of the suspension arm (106) is welded on the lower side of the driving arm (33); the other end of the suspension arm (106) is provided with a first shaft pin hole and a second shaft pin hole which are different in size, the first shaft pin penetrates through the first shaft pin hole with larger size and is movably connected with the upper end of the suspension frame (56), and the second shaft pin penetrates through the second shaft pin hole with smaller size and is movably connected with the upper end of the parallel rod (108); a third shaft pin hole and a fourth shaft pin hole which are different in size are formed in the scraper frame (110), the third shaft pin hole with the larger penetrating size of the third shaft pin is movably connected with the lower end of the suspension frame (56), and the fourth shaft pin hole with the smaller penetrating size of the fourth shaft pin is movably connected with the lower end of the parallel rod (108); the cross beam of the scraper frame (110) is welded below the scraper frame (110);
the first scraper (53) and the second scraper (54) are provided in plurality, and the first scraper (53) and the second scraper (54) arranged in a group are welded at an angle to the lower side of the scraper frame (110).
3. The industrial tail water environmental protection treatment system according to claim 2, wherein the tail water concentration water separation unit further comprises a bearing seat (116), a driving wheel (60), a driving motor reducer (115) and a micro-solid peripheral capture pipe (64); the bearing seat (116) and the driving motor reducer (115) are fixed on the driving arm (33), one end of a main shaft of the bearing seat (116) is connected with the driving motor reducer (115), the other end of the main shaft of the bearing seat (116) extends out of the driving arm to be connected with a hub of the driving wheel, and the driving wheel is arranged in an annular runway (62) at the top of a pool body (80) of the sedimentation pool; a micro-solid peripheral capturing pipe (64) is embedded in the position, close to the lower end, of the tank body (80).
4. The environmental protection treatment system for the industrial tail water, as recited in claim 3, characterized in that the tail water absorption mechanism comprises an absorption cover (96), an absorption disc (95), an absorption cover (51) and an absorption pipe (89), the absorption cover (96) is formed by welding an upper flange, a lower flange and an outer arc plate, the inner hole of the upper flange of the absorption cover (96) is welded with the central shaft middle body (49), a gap is reserved between the inner hole of the lower flange of the absorption cover (96) and the central shaft middle body (49), the gap forms an annular tail water channel, and the outer arc plate corresponds to the water outlet on the central shaft middle body (49); the force eliminating disc (95) is welded and installed at the lower part of the central shaft middle body (49) and corresponds to the annular tail water channel in position; the wave-absorbing cover (51) is welded on the upper part of the upper body of the central shaft through a plurality of support rods, and water flow from the force-absorbing disc (95) is bound by the wave-absorbing cover (51); the muffler (89) is arranged by surrounding the outer edge of the force eliminating cover (96) through a plurality of seamless steel pipes, the lower end of the muffler (89) is welded on the force eliminating cover (96) and communicated with the inside of the force eliminating cover (96), and the upper end of the muffler extends into the wave eliminating cover (51).
5. The environmental protection treatment system for industrial tail water as claimed in claim 4, wherein the clean water reuse mechanism comprises an overflow trough assembly, a clean water turnover tank (67) and a clean water pump (68), the overflow trough assembly comprises an overflow trough bottom plate (59), an overflow plate (58) and a drain pipe (63), the overflow trough bottom plate (59) is welded on embedded angle steel (61) in the tank body (80), the lower edge of the overflow plate (58) is welded on the embedded angle steel (61) and the inner edge of the overflow trough bottom plate (59), and the upper edge of the overflow plate (58) is connected with the tank body (80) and the overflow trough bottom plate (59) to form an annular water trough; the number of the drainage pipes (63) is multiple, and the drainage pipes (63) radially surround the outer periphery of the overflow trough bottom plate (59) and are fixed with the overflow plate (58); the water inlet of the water discharging pipe (63) is communicated with the annular water tank, the water outlet of the water discharging pipe (63) extends into the clean water turnover pool (67), and clean water in the clean water turnover pool (67) is conveyed to a gravel production workshop through the clean water pump (68).
6. The industrial tail water environmental protection treatment system according to claim 5, wherein the tail water pretreatment unit (III) further comprises a second pump pool (21), a first slurry pump (22), a concrete foundation, a column (27), a tail water overbridge (29) and a first ladder step (25); the second pump pool (21) and the first sedimentation pool (15) are concrete pouring components which are arranged adjacently; the first slurry pump (22) is installed in the second pump pool (21), and an outlet of the first slurry pump (22) is communicated with an inner cavity of the central shaft upper body (45) through the tail water conveying pipe (20); the concrete foundation is poured between the tank body (80) and the second pump tank (21);
one end of the tail water overbridge (29) is supported at the top of the central shaft upper body (45), and the other end of the tail water overbridge (29) is supported on the concrete foundation through the upright post (27); the tail water overbridge (29) supports the tail water delivery pipe (20); the first ladder step (25) is welded on the end face of the tail water overbridge (29) close to the concrete foundation.
7. The industrial tail water environmental protection treatment system according to claim 6, wherein the spiral auger mechanism comprises a first supporting seat, a second supporting seat, a main shaft, a spiral auger (14) and a driving device, and the first supporting seat and the second supporting seat are fixed on a bottom plate of the first sedimentation tank (15) through embedded parts; the main shaft is arranged on the first supporting seat and the second supporting seat; the spiral auger (14) is welded on the main shaft; and the output end of a speed reducer of the driving device is connected with one end of the main shaft through a flange plate.
8. The industrial tail water environmental protection harnessing system of claim 7, wherein the mud dewatering cake making unit (II) further comprises a first mounting platform (12), a guard fence and a second ladder (76), the vacuum disc filter unit (13) is mounted on the first mounting platform (12); the protective fence is welded around the periphery of the first mounting platform (12); the second stepped mass (76) is mounted between the first mounting platform (12) and the ground.
9. The industrial tail water environment-friendly treatment system according to claim 8, further comprising a micro-solid collecting and emergency unit (I), wherein the micro-solid collecting and emergency unit (I) comprises a flocculation stirring barrel (5), a solid-liquid separation tank (3), a negative pressure tank (91), a suction pipe (92), a submersible pump (94), a micro-solid containing tail water pipe (8), a second mounting platform (9), a second slurry pump (69), a medicament stirring storage barrel (73) and a dosing pump (74);
the flocculation stirring barrel (5) and the solid-liquid separation tank (3) are mounted on the second mounting platform (9), and the lower part of the tank body of the solid-liquid separation tank (3) is communicated with the lower end of the flocculation stirring barrel (5) through a communicating pipe (72); an overflow groove is welded on the outer edge of an opening at the upper end of the solid-liquid separation tank (3), a water outlet pipe is arranged at the bottom of the overflow groove, and the water outlet pipe is communicated with clean water which is gathered into a turnover tank;
the negative pressure tank (91) is fixedly arranged on an embedded part of the lower body (93) of the central shaft, the upper end of the negative pressure tank (91) is connected with a water inlet of the submersible pump (94) through a bolt, and a water outlet of the submersible pump (94) is communicated with the flocculation stirring barrel (5) through the tail water pipe (8) containing micro-solids; a dosing hopper (6) is welded on the tail water pipe (8) containing micro-solids;
the suction pipes (92) are arranged around the negative pressure tank (91) in a radial welding mode, the suction pipes (92) are fixedly welded on the central shaft middle body (49), and the extending ends of the suction pipes (92) penetrate through the central shaft middle body (49) and extend into the second sedimentation tank (34) from the space between the force eliminating cover (96) and the force eliminating disc (95);
the medicament stirring storage barrel (73) is arranged below the second mounting platform (9), a stirring submersible pump is arranged in the medicament stirring storage barrel (73), the lower end of the medicament stirring storage barrel (73) is communicated with a water inlet of the dosing pump (74) through a pipeline, and a water outlet of the dosing pump (74) is communicated with the medicament feeding hopper (6) through a pipeline;
the second slurry pump (69) is installed below the solid-liquid separation tank (3), the water inlet of the second slurry pump (69) is communicated with the lower end of the solid-liquid separation tank (3) in a welding mode through a pipeline, and the water outlet of the second slurry pump (69) is communicated with the first sedimentation tank (15) through a pipeline.
10. The industrial tail water environmental protection treatment system of claim 9, wherein the central operation control unit comprises a central console, a night vision color high-definition camera, a power supply, a prompt warning device, a central control room and a signal transmission line; the center console is a piano type console, the piano type console consists of a platform, a television screen, a console and element cabinets, 4 element cabinets are arranged below the platform, a video display is embedded in the television screen, and an opening button, a stopping button and a frequency converter control panel are embedded in the console; the plurality of night vision color high-definition cameras are respectively arranged on the tail water pretreatment unit, the tail water concentration water separation unit and the slurry dehydration and cake making unit; a sound and flash prompting lamp is installed at the end of the driving arm (33), and a time delay and sound prompter is installed below the operating platform.
CN201920643753.2U 2019-05-07 2019-05-07 Industry tail water environmental protection treatment system Active CN210885588U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111939608A (en) * 2020-08-10 2020-11-17 杨国庆 Sewage treatment plant is used in weaving based on sewage flows fast

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111939608A (en) * 2020-08-10 2020-11-17 杨国庆 Sewage treatment plant is used in weaving based on sewage flows fast

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