CN210878803U - Automatic unloader that goes up of robot - Google Patents

Automatic unloader that goes up of robot Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210878803U
CN210878803U CN201922051451.9U CN201922051451U CN210878803U CN 210878803 U CN210878803 U CN 210878803U CN 201922051451 U CN201922051451 U CN 201922051451U CN 210878803 U CN210878803 U CN 210878803U
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China
Prior art keywords
screw
lead screw
guide rail
cylinder
rail seat
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CN201922051451.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴芝斌
蔡阿雄
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Donghai Science and Technology Colloge of ZJOU
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Donghai Science and Technology Colloge of ZJOU
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an unloader in automation of robot relates to the auxiliary production technical field of robot, has solved the automatic unloader that unloader still needs manual control in the disc class among the prior art, and its technical essential is: the automatic transmission line comprises a transmission line with a blocking mechanism, wherein a screw guide rail seat is further arranged on one side of the transmission line, a servo motor is connected with a screw, a driven gear meshed with a gear on the servo motor is arranged on a screw sleeve assembly, a rotary cylinder is arranged at one end of the screw, a telescopic cylinder is arranged on a rotating shaft of the rotary cylinder, and an electromagnetic adsorption assembly is arranged on a telescopic shaft of the telescopic cylinder; the utility model discloses a lead screw transport mechanism, telescopic cylinder, revolving cylinder and electro-magnet are mutually supported and are accomplished the automation of work piece and go up unloading, for prior art, the utility model discloses can break away from manual control under the condition of access production line control mechanism, degree of automation is high, and the clamping is efficient.

Description

Automatic unloader that goes up of robot
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a supplementary production technical field of robot especially relates to an automatic unloader that goes up of robot.
Background
In the prior art, a common numerical control lathe is used for processing disc parts, so that semi-automation of processing is realized, and after one processing cycle is completed, a worker loads and unloads a workpiece and starts again, so that the next cycle can be entered. Statistics show that in the process of machining and assembling parts, the time of the processes of supplying, feeding, blanking, carrying and the like is more than two thirds of the total working hours, the cost is one third of the total cost, and most accidents occur in the processes.
Chinese patent publication No. CN206550360U discloses an automatic loading and unloading device for processing disc parts, which comprises a rack, a slope slideway, a loading cylinder, a pushing cylinder, a blanking cylinder and a receiving cylinder. The material pushing cylinder and the blanking cylinder are arranged on the X direction of the rack oppositely. The slope slideway comprises an inlet and an outlet, the inlet of the slope slideway is used for placing blanks, the outlet of the slope slideway is aligned to the blanking cylinder, and a chuck is fixedly arranged between the blanking cylinder and the outlet of the slope slideway. And a feeding cylinder is fixedly arranged on the Y direction of the rack and used for pushing the slope slideway to translate along the Y direction of the rack. The material receiving cylinder fixed on the rack is further arranged below the discharging cylinder, and the material receiving cylinder is connected with a material receiving disc. When being equipped with the utility model discloses a after the unloader in the automation, the lathe is at the automatic handling work piece of completion a processing cycle back, stop the potential safety hazard, realize full-automatic processing system, improve production efficiency, reduce workman intensity of labour, improve product quality, however, the device does not possess the mechanism of judging material loading for the time of material loading and material pushing can't be judged to material loading cylinder and material returning cylinder, thereby cause the unloader to need manual control in the automation, therefore, we have provided an unloader in the automation of robot.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at solving the technical problem of providing an automatic loading and unloading device of a robot, which comprises a conveying line with a stopping mechanism, wherein the conveying line is provided with a supporting plate for conveying workpieces, one side of the conveying line is also provided with a lead screw guide rail seat, the lead screw guide rail seat is fixed on the conveying line through angle iron, the lead screw guide rail seat is provided with a servo motor, lead screw and guide rail, servo motor is through establishing screw cover subassembly and the screw connection inside the lead screw guide rail seat, be equipped with on the screw cover subassembly with servo motor on gear engagement's driven gear, screw cover subassembly passes through screw-thread fit with the lead screw, the one end of lead screw is equipped with revolving cylinder, be equipped with telescopic cylinder in revolving cylinder's the axis of rotation, telescopic cylinder's the last electromagnetic adsorption subassembly that is equipped with of telescopic shaft to solve the automatic unloader that goes up of disc class among the prior art still needs manual control.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme:
the utility model provides an unloader in automation of robot, including the transfer chain that contains fender mechanism of stopping, be equipped with the layer board that is used for transporting the work piece on the transfer chain, one side of transfer chain still is equipped with the lead screw guide rail seat, the lead screw guide rail seat passes through the angle bar and fixes on the transfer chain, be equipped with servo motor on the lead screw guide rail seat, lead screw and guide rail, servo motor is through establishing lead screw cover subassembly and screw connection inside the lead screw guide rail seat, be equipped with on the lead screw cover subassembly with servo motor gear engagement's driven gear, lead screw cover subassembly passes through screw-thread fit with the lead screw, the one end of lead screw is equipped with revolving cylinder, be equipped with telescopic cylinder in revolving cylinder's the.
As a further scheme of the utility model, the lead screw guide rail seat is the metal block, and the top of lead screw guide rail seat is equipped with the mounting hole that is used for installing servo motor, is equipped with two guide rail holes in the lead screw guide rail seat, and the centre of lead screw guide rail seat is equipped with the lead screw hole, and the downthehole lead screw cover subassembly that is equipped with of lead screw.
As the utility model discloses further scheme, the lead screw cover subassembly includes lead screw cover and driven gear, the inside screw thread that is equipped with of lead screw cover, and the one end of lead screw cover is equipped with the flange that prevents that the lead screw cover from breaking away from, and driven gear passes through spline and lead screw cover fixed connection, and one side of driven gear is equipped with circlip, and the lead screw cover rotates with driven gear to be connected.
As a further proposal, the utility model is provided with a face bearing between the screw sleeve and the driven gear and the screw guide rail seat.
As a further scheme of the utility model, telescopic cylinder passes through the cylinder block to be fixed on rotary cylinder's revolving axle, and the cylinder block is L shape steel sheet, and one side of cylinder block is fixed on rotary cylinder's revolving axle, another side fixed connection telescopic cylinder.
As the utility model discloses further scheme is equipped with positioning mechanism on the layer board, layer board fixedly connected with triangle-shaped locating piece, and the axis equipartition of layer board is followed to the triangle-shaped locating piece, and the inclined plane of triangle-shaped locating piece is towards the axis of layer board.
As a further proposal of the utility model, the triangular positioning block is provided with three.
To sum up, compared with the prior art, the utility model has the following beneficial effects:
the utility model discloses a lead screw transport mechanism, telescopic cylinder, revolving cylinder and electro-magnet are mutually supported and are accomplished the automation of work piece and go up unloading, for prior art, the utility model discloses can break away from manual control under the condition of access production line control mechanism, degree of automation is high, and the clamping is efficient.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an automatic loading and unloading device of a robot.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a screw guide rail seat in the automatic loading and unloading device of the robot.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a screw sleeve assembly in the automatic loading and unloading device of the robot.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of a cylinder seat in the automatic loading and unloading device of the robot.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a pallet in the automatic loading and unloading device of the robot.
Reference numerals: the method comprises the following steps of 1-conveying line, 2-supporting plate, 3-lead screw guide rail seat, 4-servo motor, 5-lead screw, 6-guide rail, 7-rotary cylinder, 8-telescopic cylinder, 9-electromagnetic adsorption component, 10-cylinder seat, 11-processing machine tool, 12-lead screw sleeve and 13-driven gear.
Detailed Description
The technical solution in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, rather than all embodiments, and all other embodiments obtained by a person of ordinary skill in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention based on the embodiments of the present invention.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1, an automatic robot loading and unloading device comprises a conveying line 1 including a stop mechanism, a supporting plate 2 for conveying a workpiece is arranged on the conveying line 1, a lead screw guide rail seat 3 is further arranged on one side of the conveying line 1, the lead screw guide rail seat 3 is fixed on the conveying line 1 through angle iron, a servo motor 4 is arranged on the lead screw guide rail seat 3, a lead screw 5 and a guide rail 6, the servo motor 4 is connected with the lead screw 5 through a lead screw sleeve assembly arranged inside the lead screw guide rail seat 3, a driven gear 13 meshed with a gear on the servo motor 4 is arranged on the lead screw sleeve assembly, the lead screw sleeve assembly is in threaded fit with the lead screw 5, a rotary cylinder 7 is arranged at one end of the lead screw 5, a telescopic cylinder 8 is arranged on a rotating shaft of the rotary cylinder 7, and;
the conveying line 1 and the supporting plate 2 are both in the prior art, a stopping mechanism on the conveying line 1 is used for identifying the supporting plate 2, so that a basis is provided for the work of an automatic loading and unloading device, and a substitute machining workpiece is placed on the supporting plate 2;
as shown in fig. 2, the screw guide base 3 is a metal block, a mounting hole for mounting the servo motor 4 is provided above the screw guide base 3, two guide rail holes are provided in the screw guide base 3 for mounting the guide rail 6, a screw hole is provided in the middle of the screw guide base 3, a screw sleeve assembly is provided in the screw hole, as shown in fig. 3, the screw sleeve assembly includes a screw sleeve 12 and a driven gear 13, a thread is provided inside the screw sleeve 12, one end of the screw sleeve 12 is provided with a flange for preventing the screw sleeve 12 from being detached, the driven gear 13 is fixedly connected with the screw sleeve 12 through a spline, one side of the driven gear 13 is provided with an elastic collar, the screw sleeve 12 is rotatably connected with the driven gear 13, when the servo motor 4 rotates, a gear on the servo motor 4 drives the driven gear 13 to rotate, the driven gear 13 drives the screw sleeve 12 to rotate, the rotation of the screw sleeve 12 drives the screw 5 to move along the axis of, thereby completing the movement of the lead screw 5;
two guide rails 6 are arranged and are respectively arranged at two ends of the screw rod 5, and one ends of the screw rod 5 and one end of the guide rails 6 are fixedly connected to a steel plate for mounting the rotary cylinder 7;
the rotary cylinder 7 is a rotary cylinder in the prior art, the swing angle of the rotary cylinder 7 is ninety degrees, and the rotary cylinder 7 is fixed on the screw rod 5 and a steel plate at one end of the guide rail 6 through screws;
the telescopic cylinder 8 is fixed on the revolving shaft of the rotary cylinder 7 through a cylinder block 10, as shown in fig. 4, the cylinder block 10 is an L-shaped steel plate, one side of the cylinder block 10 is fixed on the revolving shaft of the rotary cylinder 7, and the other side is fixedly connected with the telescopic cylinder 8;
the electromagnetic adsorption component 9 is an electromagnet in the prior art and is used for adsorbing a workpiece;
preferably, in order to facilitate automatic clamping of the workpiece, a hydraulic clamping jaw is arranged on the processing machine tool 11 for processing the workpiece, and is used for automatically clamping the workpiece;
preferably, in order to facilitate uniform control, the control switches of the servo motor 4 and the electromagnetic adsorption assembly 9 are electrically connected with the production line control mechanism, the production line control mechanism is a PLC controller, and the rotary cylinder 7, the telescopic cylinder 8 and the electromagnetic switches of the hydraulic clamping jaws are electrically connected with the production line control mechanism.
Example 2
As shown in fig. 1, an automatic robot loading and unloading device comprises a conveying line 1 including a stop mechanism, a supporting plate 2 for conveying a workpiece is arranged on the conveying line 1, a lead screw guide rail seat 3 is further arranged on one side of the conveying line 1, the lead screw guide rail seat 3 is fixed on the conveying line 1 through angle iron, a servo motor 4 is arranged on the lead screw guide rail seat 3, a lead screw 5 and a guide rail 6, the servo motor 4 is connected with the lead screw 5 through a lead screw sleeve assembly arranged inside the lead screw guide rail seat 3, a driven gear 13 meshed with a gear on the servo motor 4 is arranged on the lead screw sleeve assembly, the lead screw sleeve assembly is in threaded fit with the lead screw 5, a rotary cylinder 7 is arranged at one end of the lead screw 5, a telescopic cylinder 8 is arranged on a rotating shaft of the rotary cylinder 7, and;
preferably, in this embodiment, in order to reduce friction between the screw sleeve assembly and the screw guide rail seat 3, end face bearings are respectively disposed between the screw sleeve 12 and the driven gear 13 and between the screw guide rail seat 3;
in this embodiment, the other structure is the same as embodiment 1.
Example 3
As shown in fig. 1, an automatic robot loading and unloading device comprises a conveying line 1 including a stop mechanism, a supporting plate 2 for conveying a workpiece is arranged on the conveying line 1, a lead screw guide rail seat 3 is further arranged on one side of the conveying line 1, the lead screw guide rail seat 3 is fixed on the conveying line 1 through angle iron, a servo motor 4 is arranged on the lead screw guide rail seat 3, a lead screw 5 and a guide rail 6, the servo motor 4 is connected with the lead screw 5 through a lead screw sleeve assembly arranged inside the lead screw guide rail seat 3, a driven gear 13 meshed with a gear on the servo motor 4 is arranged on the lead screw sleeve assembly, the lead screw sleeve assembly is in threaded fit with the lead screw 5, a rotary cylinder 7 is arranged at one end of the lead screw 5, a telescopic cylinder 8 is arranged on a rotating shaft of the rotary cylinder 7, and;
preferably, in order to improve the clamping accuracy, a positioning mechanism is arranged on the supporting plate 2, as shown in fig. 5, a triangular positioning block is fixedly connected to the supporting plate 2, the triangular positioning block is uniformly distributed along the axis of the supporting plate 2, and the inclined plane of the triangular positioning block faces the axis of the supporting plate 2; three triangular positioning blocks are arranged;
other structures in this embodiment are the same as those in embodiment 2.
To sum up, the utility model discloses a theory of operation is:
when the supporting plate 2 carries a workpiece to move to a station of a processing machine tool 11, a stopping mechanism on the conveying line 1 stops the supporting plate 2, the stopping mechanism sends information that the workpiece arrives to a control mechanism, the control mechanism controls a rotary cylinder 7 to rotate for ninety degrees, at the moment, a telescopic cylinder 8 extends out, the telescopic cylinder 8 drives an electromagnetic adsorption component 9 to contact with the workpiece, the control mechanism controls the electromagnetic adsorption component 9 to electrically adsorb the workpiece, then the rotary cylinder 7 is controlled to rotate to the original position, the telescopic cylinder 8 retracts at the moment, a servo motor 4 is electrified and started, the servo motor 4 drives a lead screw sleeve component to rotate, the lead screw sleeve component drives a lead screw 5 to move after rotating, the rotary cylinder 7, the telescopic cylinder 8 and the electromagnetic adsorption component 9 are driven to move by the movement of the lead screw 5, so as to drive the workpiece to move, when the workpiece moves to the processing machine tool 11, the telescopic, the telescopic cylinder 8 sends a workpiece into the hydraulic clamping jaw, after the hydraulic clamping jaw clamps the workpiece, the electromagnetic adsorption component 9 is powered off, the telescopic cylinder 8 retracts, the servo motor 4 rotates reversely, the rotary cylinder 7, the telescopic cylinder 8 and the electromagnetic adsorption component 9 recover to the original position, and the machine tool 11 processes the workpiece;
when a workpiece is unloaded, the servo motor 4 is started, the rotary cylinder 7, the telescopic cylinder 8 and the electromagnetic adsorption component 9 move into the processing machine tool 11, the telescopic cylinder 8 extends out, the electromagnetic adsorption component 9 is electrified, the hydraulic clamping jaws are opened, and the workpiece is adsorbed on the electromagnetic adsorption component 9 at the moment; the telescopic cylinder 8 retracts, the servo motor 4 rotates reversely, the rotary cylinder 7, the telescopic cylinder 8 and the electromagnetic adsorption assembly 9 retract in situ, the rotary cylinder 7 rotates ninety degrees, then the telescopic cylinder 8 extends, the electromagnetic adsorption assembly 9 is powered off, the workpiece falls on the support plate 2, the stop mechanism retracts, and the support plate 2 is moved to the next station.
It needs to explain very much, processing lathe and transfer chain are prior art's application in this application, and it is the innovation point of this application to mutually cooperate the automatic unloading of accomplishing the work piece through lead screw transport mechanism, telescopic cylinder, revolving cylinder and electro-magnet, and it has effectively solved the problem that automatic unloader that goes up of disc class still needs manual control among the prior art.
In the description of the present invention, it should be understood that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "up", "down", "front", "back", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", etc. indicate the orientation or positional relationship based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and are only for the convenience of describing the invention and for the convenience of description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and therefore should not be construed as limiting the invention. Furthermore, the terms "first", "second", etc. are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first," "second," etc. may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless otherwise specified.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (7)

1. An automatic robot loading and unloading device comprises a conveying line (1) with a stopping mechanism, wherein a supporting plate (2) used for conveying workpieces is arranged on the conveying line (1), its characterized in that, one side of transfer chain (1) still is equipped with lead screw guide rail seat (3), lead screw guide rail seat (3) are fixed on transfer chain (1), be equipped with servo motor (4) on lead screw guide rail seat (3), lead screw (5) and guide rail (6), servo motor (4) are connected with lead screw (5) through establishing the lead screw cover subassembly in lead screw guide rail seat (3) inside, be equipped with on the lead screw cover subassembly with servo motor (4) gear engagement's driven gear (13), lead screw cover subassembly passes through screw-thread fit with lead screw (5), the one end of lead screw (5) is equipped with revolving cylinder (7), be equipped with telescopic cylinder (8) in the axis of rotation of revolving cylinder (7), be equipped with electromagnetic adsorption subassembly (9) on the telescopic shaft of telescopic cylinder (8).
2. The robot automatic loading and unloading device according to claim 1, wherein the screw guide rail seat (3) is a metal block, a mounting hole for mounting the servo motor (4) is formed above the screw guide rail seat (3), two guide rail holes are formed in the screw guide rail seat (3), a screw hole is formed in the middle of the screw guide rail seat (3), and a screw sleeve assembly is arranged in the screw hole.
3. The automatic robot loading and unloading device as claimed in claim 2, wherein the screw sleeve assembly comprises a screw sleeve (12) and a driven gear (13), threads are arranged inside the screw sleeve (12), a flange for preventing the screw sleeve (12) from being separated is arranged at one end of the screw sleeve (12), the driven gear (13) is fixedly connected with the screw sleeve (12) through a spline, an elastic check ring is arranged on one side of the driven gear (13), and the screw sleeve (12) is rotatably connected with the driven gear (13).
4. The automatic robot loading and unloading device as claimed in claim 3, wherein end face bearings are arranged between the screw guide rail seat (3) and the screw sleeve (12) and the driven gear (13).
5. The automatic robot loading and unloading device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the telescopic cylinder (8) is fixed on the rotating shaft of the rotary cylinder (7) through a cylinder block (10), the cylinder block (10) is an L-shaped steel plate, one side of the cylinder block (10) is fixed on the rotating shaft of the rotary cylinder (7), and the other side of the cylinder block is fixedly connected with the telescopic cylinder (8).
6. The automatic robot loading and unloading device according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the supporting plate (2) is provided with a positioning mechanism, the supporting plate (2) is fixedly connected with triangular positioning blocks, the triangular positioning blocks are uniformly distributed along the axis of the supporting plate (2), and the inclined surfaces of the triangular positioning blocks face the axis of the supporting plate (2).
7. The robotic automatic loading and unloading device of claim 6, wherein there are three triangular positioning blocks.
CN201922051451.9U 2019-11-25 2019-11-25 Automatic unloader that goes up of robot Active CN210878803U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922051451.9U CN210878803U (en) 2019-11-25 2019-11-25 Automatic unloader that goes up of robot

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922051451.9U CN210878803U (en) 2019-11-25 2019-11-25 Automatic unloader that goes up of robot

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210878803U true CN210878803U (en) 2020-06-30

Family

ID=71327133

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201922051451.9U Active CN210878803U (en) 2019-11-25 2019-11-25 Automatic unloader that goes up of robot

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210878803U (en)

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