CN210805458U - Heat abstractor for transformer - Google Patents

Heat abstractor for transformer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210805458U
CN210805458U CN201922347726.3U CN201922347726U CN210805458U CN 210805458 U CN210805458 U CN 210805458U CN 201922347726 U CN201922347726 U CN 201922347726U CN 210805458 U CN210805458 U CN 210805458U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
transformer
pipe
shell
water
movable mounting
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Active
Application number
CN201922347726.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱长海
朱伟
黄�俊
叶佳
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Jiangsu Jianghai Automation System Co ltd
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Jiangsu Jianghai Automation System Co ltd
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Priority to CN201922347726.3U priority Critical patent/CN210805458U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a heat abstractor for transformer, which comprises an outer shell, the both sides surface of shell all is equipped with the cooling tube, and the surface of cooling tube has cup jointed the sleeve pipe, the lower extreme surface movable mounting of shell has the water tank, movable mounting has wet return and drain pipe respectively between sheathed tube lower extreme surface and the water tank, the drain pipe is located one side that the wet return is close to the shell, the lower extreme movable mounting of wet return has the water pump, the lower extreme movable mounting of drain pipe has the solenoid valve, the exhaust hole has been seted up to sheathed tube upper end surface, and is adjacent movable mounting has communicating pipe between the sleeve pipe, the inside movable mounting of shell has transformer coil, and the inside packing of shell has transformer oil. The utility model discloses, can accelerate the radiating efficiency of transformer, the heat dissipation does not receive weather effect simultaneously, and the transformer heat dissipation is even, has improved the life of transformer.

Description

Heat abstractor for transformer
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a transformer technical field specifically is a heat abstractor for transformer.
Background
The transformer is the device that utilizes electromagnetic induction's principle to change alternating voltage, and the transformer can produce a large amount of heats in the use, if these heats are not handled in time, can cause the damage to its internal component, thereby traditional transformer heat abstractor is mostly dispelled the heat through radiating fin and air contact, but this kind of mode has certain defect: this radiating mode radiating rate is slower, and when the weather is hotter, the radiating efficiency is low, and radiating fin links up comparatively closely simultaneously, and the ventilation effect is poor each other, leads to the heat dissipation inhomogeneous.
Therefore, a heat sink for a transformer is provided.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a heat abstractor for transformer can accelerate the radiating efficiency of transformer, and the heat dissipation is not influenced by weather simultaneously, and the transformer heat dissipation is even, has improved the life of transformer to solve the problem that proposes among the above-mentioned background art.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme: the utility model provides a heat abstractor for transformer, includes the shell, the both sides surface of shell all is equipped with the cooling tube, and the surface of cooling tube has cup jointed the sleeve pipe, the lower extreme surface movable mounting of shell has the water tank, there are wet return and drain pipe between sheathed tube lower extreme surface and the water tank movable mounting respectively, the drain pipe is located one side that the wet return is close to the shell, the lower extreme movable mounting of wet return has the water pump, the lower extreme movable mounting of drain pipe has the solenoid valve, the exhaust hole has been seted up to sheathed tube upper end surface, and is adjacent movable mounting has communicating pipe between the sleeve pipe.
The transformer coil in the shell generates a large amount of heat when working, so that the transformer oil is heated and expanded, the transformer oil is heated and rises to enter the radiating pipe, the transformer oil is cooled by cooling water in the sleeve, then the transformer oil enters the shell through the lower end of the radiating pipe, water in the sleeve is fully contacted with the radiating pipe, the radiating speed is improved, the sleeve is communicated through the communicating pipe, the water level and the water temperature in each sleeve are ensured to be the same, so that the radiating pipe radiates uniformly, the water in the sleeve is heated and evaporates, steam is discharged out of the sleeve through the exhaust hole, a precise filter screen in the exhaust hole can prevent external dust from entering the sleeve through the exhaust hole, simultaneously rainwater can enter the sleeve through the exhaust hole to supplement moisture, then the electromagnetic valve is opened periodically, the drain pipe is opened through the electromagnetic valve, the water heated in the sleeve is discharged into, then utilize the water pump to pass through the leading-in sleeve pipe of wet return with refrigerated water in the water tank, utilize the cooling water to dispel the heat to the cooling tube, ensure that the water in the sleeve pipe remains the lower state of temperature throughout, compare traditional forced air cooling, through water-cooling, be difficult for receiving the influence of weather and lead to the radiating efficiency to reduce.
Preferably, the transformer coil is movably mounted in the housing, and the transformer oil is filled in the housing.
The transformer oil has much higher insulating strength than air, and insulating material soaks in oil, not only can improve insulating strength, but also can avoid the erosion of moisture, and transformer oil's specific heat is big, often is used as the coolant, and the heat that produces during transformer operation makes the oil that is close to iron core and winding rise by the thermal expansion, and through the upper and lower convection current of oil, the heat is dispelled through the radiator, guarantees transformer normal operating.
Preferably, the water return pipe penetrates through the bottom of the water tank.
Due to the far away of expansion with heat and contraction with cold, water with higher temperature in the water tank can float at the upper end of the water tank, and water with lower temperature can sink at the bottom of the water tank.
Preferably, a precise filter screen is arranged in the exhaust hole.
The precision filter screen can prevent external dust from entering the interior of the sleeve through the exhaust holes.
Preferably, the radiating pipe is communicated with the shell.
The heat generated by the transformer coil inside the shell enters the radiating pipe to be radiated.
Preferably, the water pump and the electromagnetic valve are electrically connected with an external power supply.
The drain pipe is opened through the electromagnetic valve, the water heated in the sleeve is placed into the return water tank for cooling, then the water pump is utilized to conduct cooling water in the water tank through the return water pipe into the sleeve, and cooling water is utilized to conduct heat dissipation on the radiating pipe.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that:
the transformer coil in the shell generates a large amount of heat when working, so that the transformer oil is heated and expanded, the transformer oil is heated and rises to enter the radiating pipe, the transformer oil is cooled by cooling water in the sleeve, then the transformer oil enters the shell through the lower end of the radiating pipe, water in the sleeve is fully contacted with the radiating pipe, the radiating speed is improved, the sleeve is communicated through the communicating pipe, the water level and the water temperature in each sleeve are ensured to be the same, so that the radiating pipe radiates uniformly, the water in the sleeve is heated and evaporates, steam is discharged out of the sleeve through the exhaust hole, a precise filter screen in the exhaust hole can prevent external dust from entering the sleeve through the exhaust hole, simultaneously rainwater can enter the sleeve through the exhaust hole to supplement moisture, then the electromagnetic valve is opened periodically, the drain pipe is opened through the electromagnetic valve, the water heated in the sleeve is discharged into, then utilize the water pump to pass through the leading-in sleeve pipe of wet return with refrigerated water in the water tank, utilize the cooling water to dispel the heat to the cooling tube, ensure that the water in the sleeve pipe remains the lower state of temperature throughout, compare traditional forced air cooling, through water-cooling, be difficult for receiving the influence of weather and lead to the radiating efficiency to reduce.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the water tank of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the casing according to the present invention;
fig. 4 is a view of the combination of the casing and the communicating pipe of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a housing; 2. a transformer coil; 3. a radiating pipe; 4. a sleeve; 5. a water tank; 6. a water return pipe; 7. a drain pipe; 8. a water pump; 9. an electromagnetic valve; 10. an exhaust hole; 11. a communication pipe is provided.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 4, the present invention provides a technical solution:
a heat dissipation device for a transformer is shown in figure 1 and comprises a shell 1, wherein a transformer coil 2 is movably mounted in the shell 1, heat dissipation pipes 3 are respectively arranged on the outer surfaces of two sides of the shell 1, a sleeve 4 is sleeved on the outer surface of each heat dissipation pipe 3, a water tank 5 is movably mounted on the outer surface of the lower end of the shell 1, and a water return pipe 6 and a water drainage pipe 7 are respectively and movably mounted between the outer surface of the lower end of each sleeve 4 and the water tank 5;
as shown in fig. 2 to 4, a water pump 8 is movably mounted at the lower end of the water return pipe 6, an electromagnetic valve 9 is movably mounted at the lower end of the water discharge pipe 7, an exhaust hole 10 is formed in the outer surface of the upper end of the sleeve pipe 4, and a communicating pipe 11 is movably mounted between the adjacent sleeve pipes 4.
By adopting the above technical scheme, the transformer coil 2 inside the casing 1 generates a large amount of heat when working, which causes the transformer oil to expand when heated, the transformer oil rises when heated and enters the radiating pipe 3, the transformer oil is cooled by the cooling water in the sleeve pipe 4 and then enters the casing 1 through the lower end of the radiating pipe 3, the water in the sleeve pipe 4 fully contacts with the radiating pipe 3, which improves the radiating speed, meanwhile, the sleeve pipe 4 is communicated through the communicating pipe 11, which ensures that the water level and the water temperature in each sleeve pipe 4 are the same, so that the radiating pipe 3 radiates heat uniformly, the water in the sleeve pipe 4 is evaporated after being heated, the steam is discharged out of the sleeve pipe 4 through the vent hole 10, the precise filter screen in the vent hole 10 can prevent external dust from entering the inside of the sleeve pipe 4 through the vent hole 10, meanwhile, rainwater can enter the sleeve pipe 4 through the vent hole 10, open drain pipe 7 through solenoid valve 9, put the water that is heated in the sleeve pipe 4 back to cooling in the water tank 5, then utilize water pump 8 with the water tank 5 in the refrigerated water pass through return water pipe 6 leading-in sleeve pipe 4, utilize the cooling water to dispel the heat to cooling tube 3, ensure that the water in the sleeve pipe 4 remains the lower state of temperature throughout, compare traditional forced air cooling, through water-cooling, be difficult for receiving the influence of weather and lead to the radiating efficiency to reduce.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 1, a transformer coil 2 is movably mounted inside the housing 1, and transformer oil is filled inside the housing 1.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, transformer oil has the dielectric strength who is much higher than the air, and insulating material soaks in oil, not only can improve dielectric strength, but also can avoid the erosion of moisture, and transformer oil's specific heat is big, often is used as the coolant, and the heat that produces makes the oil that is close to iron core and winding rise by the thermal expansion, through the upper and lower convection current of oil, and the heat is dispelled through the radiator, guarantees transformer normal operating.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 2, the return pipe 6 extends to the bottom of the water tank 5.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, because expend with heat and contract with cold keep away from, the higher water of temperature can float in 5 upper ends of water tank in water tank 5, and the lower water of temperature can sink in the bottom of water tank 5.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 3, a precision filter screen is disposed in the exhaust hole 10.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the inside that precision screen can prevent that external dust from entering into sleeve pipe 4 through exhaust hole 10.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 1, the heat dissipation pipe 3 is communicated with the housing 1.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the heat that shell 1 inside transformer coil 2 produced gets into in cooling tube 3 and dispels the heat.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 2, the water pump 8 and the electromagnetic valve 9 are electrically connected to an external power source.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, open drain pipe 7 through solenoid valve 9, put the water that is heated in the sleeve pipe 4 back to cooling in the water tank 5, then utilize water pump 8 with the water tank 5 in the refrigerated water pass through the leading-in sleeve pipe 4 of wet return 6, utilize the cooling water to dispel the heat to cooling tube 3.
The working principle is as follows: the transformer coil 2 in the shell 1 works to generate a large amount of heat, so that the transformer oil is heated and expands, the transformer oil is heated and rises to enter the radiating pipe 3, the transformer oil is cooled by cooling water in the sleeve pipe 4 and then enters the shell 1 through the lower end of the radiating pipe 3, water in the sleeve pipe 4 is fully contacted with the radiating pipe 3, the radiating speed is improved, the sleeve pipe 4 is communicated through the communicating pipe 11, the water level and the water temperature in each sleeve pipe 4 are ensured to be the same, the radiating pipe 3 can uniformly radiate the heat, the water in the sleeve pipe 4 is heated and then evaporated, steam is discharged out of the sleeve pipe 4 through the exhaust hole 10, a precision filter screen in the exhaust hole 10 can prevent external dust from entering the sleeve pipe 4 through the exhaust hole 10, meanwhile, rainwater can enter the sleeve pipe 4 through the exhaust hole 10, the moisture supplement can be carried out, and then the electromagnetic valve 9, open drain pipe 7 through solenoid valve 9, put the water that is heated in the sleeve pipe 4 back to cooling in the water tank 5, then utilize the model to be 2451-1 water pump 8 with the leading-in sleeve pipe 4 of refrigerated water in the water tank 5 through return water pipe 6, utilize the cooling water to dispel the heat to cooling tube 3, ensure that the water in the sleeve pipe 4 remains the lower state of temperature throughout, compare traditional forced air cooling, through water-cooling, be difficult for receiving the influence of weather and lead to the radiating efficiency to reduce.
The electric elements that appear here all are connected through transformer and external master controller and 220V commercial power electricity to the master controller can play the conventional known equipment of control for the computer and so on, the utility model provides a product model is only for the use that this technical scheme goes on according to the structural feature of product, and its product can be adjusted and reformed transform after purchasing, makes it match more and accord with the utility model discloses technical scheme belongs to, it is the technical scheme of this technical scheme best application, and the model of its product can be according to the technical parameter of its needs and replace and reform transform, and it is known for technical personnel that belong to in the field, consequently, what technical personnel that belong to in the field can be clear passes through the utility model provides a corresponding result of use.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (6)

1. A heat sink for a transformer, comprising a housing (1), characterized in that: the both sides surface of shell (1) all is equipped with cooling tube (3), and the surface of cooling tube (3) has cup jointed sleeve pipe (4), the lower extreme surface movable mounting of shell (1) has water tank (5), movable mounting has wet return (6) and drain pipe (7) respectively between the lower extreme surface of sleeve pipe (4) and water tank (5), drain pipe (7) are located one side that wet return (6) are close to shell (1), the lower extreme movable mounting of wet return (6) has water pump (8), the lower extreme movable mounting of drain pipe (7) has solenoid valve (9), exhaust hole (10) have been seted up to the upper end surface of sleeve pipe (4), and are adjacent movable mounting has communicating pipe (11) between sleeve pipe (4).
2. The heat sink for transformer according to claim 1, wherein: the transformer coil (2) is movably mounted in the shell (1), and transformer oil is filled in the shell (1).
3. The heat sink for transformer according to claim 1, wherein: the water return pipe (6) penetrates through the bottom of the water tank (5).
4. The heat sink for transformer according to claim 1, wherein: and a precise filter screen is arranged in the exhaust hole (10).
5. The heat sink for transformer according to claim 1, wherein: the radiating pipe (3) is communicated with the shell (1).
6. The heat sink for transformer according to claim 1, wherein: the water pump (8) and the electromagnetic valve (9) are electrically connected with an external power supply.
CN201922347726.3U 2019-12-24 2019-12-24 Heat abstractor for transformer Active CN210805458U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922347726.3U CN210805458U (en) 2019-12-24 2019-12-24 Heat abstractor for transformer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922347726.3U CN210805458U (en) 2019-12-24 2019-12-24 Heat abstractor for transformer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210805458U true CN210805458U (en) 2020-06-19

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ID=71228862

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201922347726.3U Active CN210805458U (en) 2019-12-24 2019-12-24 Heat abstractor for transformer

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210805458U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111816408A (en) * 2020-06-27 2020-10-23 合肥伏安科技有限公司 Outdoor transformer

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111816408A (en) * 2020-06-27 2020-10-23 合肥伏安科技有限公司 Outdoor transformer

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