CN210802961U - Sampling device for geological exploitation detection - Google Patents

Sampling device for geological exploitation detection Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210802961U
CN210802961U CN201920448809.9U CN201920448809U CN210802961U CN 210802961 U CN210802961 U CN 210802961U CN 201920448809 U CN201920448809 U CN 201920448809U CN 210802961 U CN210802961 U CN 210802961U
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gear
sampling
rod
cylinder
rotating wheel
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CN201920448809.9U
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Chinese (zh)
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邹志友
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Yangtze University
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Yangtze University
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a sampling device for geological exploitation detection, which comprises a cylinder and a drilling and exploitation mechanism; the barrel is provided with an accommodating cavity, the drilling and production mechanism comprises a first gear, a second gear, a connecting assembly, a rotating wheel and a screw rod, the diameter of the first gear is smaller than that of the second gear, the first gear and the second gear are respectively and rotatably arranged in the accommodating cavity, and the first gear is meshed with the second gear; the connecting assembly is respectively connected with a first gear and a rotating wheel, and the rotating wheel is positioned on the outer side of the cylinder and used for driving the first gear to rotate by rotating the rotating wheel; the screw rod is arranged in a penetrating mode on the second gear and is in threaded connection with the second gear, the screw rod penetrates out of the bottom wall of the barrel, and a tip used for drilling soil is arranged at the bottom end of the screw rod. This sampling device for geological development detects accessible size adjustment satisfies the requirement of small, low weight, portable, can also realize labour saving and time saving simultaneously, can make things convenient for the sampling worker to bore the soil of getting the different degree of depth and detect, improves and bores soil, sampling efficiency.

Description

Sampling device for geological exploitation detection
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a geology reconnaissance field especially relates to a geology exploitation detects uses sampling device.
Background
The geological mining detection is to survey and detect geology by various means and methods, determine a proper stratum position, collect a soil sample according to the position, determine mechanical properties, calculate parameters and analyze investigation and research activities of mineral components and content. Geological mining and detection are the work of investigating and researching the geological conditions of rocks, stratums, structures, mineral products, hydrology, landforms and the like in a certain area, are used for discovering mineral deposits with industrial significance in mineral product general survey and provide the resource reserves and geological original data required by mine construction design for finding the grade of the mineral products and mining technical conditions.
Generally, when measuring and determining the grade of mineral products in mine geology, geological research staff need to use a drilling machine to drill holes in a stratum to take out samples, and sample and detect the samples along the hole depth direction as required to identify and divide the stratum units.
However, when sampling is performed in the field, the drilling machine is inconvenient to carry due to the large volume and weight of the drilling machine and the additional facilities needed. However, when the soil sampling is directly performed by manually digging a pit, a groove, a well, a hole and the like, the labor intensity is high, the cost is high, the time is long, and the working efficiency is low.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Based on this, it is necessary to provide a sampling device for geological exploration and detection, which not only can integrally meet the requirements of small volume, low weight, low cost and portability, but also can save time and labor, and improve the soil drilling and sampling efficiency.
The utility model provides an above-mentioned technical problem's technical scheme as follows:
a sampling device for geological exploitation detection comprises a cylinder and a drilling and exploitation mechanism; the barrel is provided with an accommodating cavity; the drilling and production mechanism comprises a first gear, a second gear, a connecting assembly, a rotating wheel and a screw rod, the diameter of the first gear is smaller than that of the second gear, the first gear and the second gear are respectively and rotatably arranged in the accommodating cavity, and the first gear is meshed with the second gear; the connecting assembly is respectively connected with the first gear and the rotating wheel, and the rotating wheel is positioned on the outer side of the cylinder and used for driving the first gear to rotate by rotating the rotating wheel; the screw rod penetrates through the second gear and is in threaded connection with the second gear, the screw rod penetrates out of the bottom wall of the barrel, and a tip used for drilling soil is arranged at the bottom end of the screw rod.
In one embodiment, the bottom wall of the barrel is also provided with a blade for facilitating ground gripping.
In one embodiment, the blade is provided with a plurality of blades, and the plurality of blades are distributed on the bottom wall at intervals for further improving the ground gripping effect.
In one embodiment, the bottom wall of the cylinder body is further provided with a pedal, so that the operation safety and reliability are further improved in the soil drilling process.
In one embodiment, the pedal is provided with a plurality of pedals which are uniformly distributed along the outer circumference of the cylinder body, so that the operation safety and reliability are further improved in the soil drilling process.
In one embodiment, the sampling device for geological exploration detection further comprises a fixing plate transversely arranged in the accommodating cavity, the fixing plate is connected with the inner side wall of the cylinder, and the first gear and the second gear are respectively rotatably arranged on the fixing plate and used for improving the stability of the screw rod in the soil drilling process.
In one embodiment, the sampling device for geological exploration detection further comprises a hollow support rod arranged in the accommodating cavity, the hollow support rod is connected with the top wall of the barrel, and the screw penetrates through the hollow support rod and is in threaded connection with the hollow support rod, so that the stability of the screw in the soil drilling process is further improved.
In one embodiment, the connecting assembly comprises a first connecting rod, a second connecting rod and two third gears; the first connecting rod penetrates through one of the third gears and is connected with the third gear, the top end of the first connecting rod is rotatably arranged on the top wall of the cylinder body, and the bottom end of the first connecting rod is connected with the first gear; the second connecting rod is rotationally arranged on the side wall of the barrel body, the second connecting rod stretches out one end of the containing cavity is connected with the rotating wheel, the second connecting rod stretches into the other end of the containing cavity is connected with another third gear, the third gear is a bevel gear, the two third gears are meshed to form 90-degree corner transmission, and sampling personnel can conveniently control the rotating wheel when the barrel body is high.
In one embodiment, the diameter of the second gear is 2-5 times of the diameter of the first gear, so that labor is saved and labor intensity is reduced in the soil drilling and sampling process.
In one embodiment, the sampling device for geological mining detection further comprises a tool box, and the tool box is arranged on the cylinder body, so that a conventional maintenance tool and the like can be placed conveniently.
The utility model has the advantages that:
compared with a drilling machine, the sampling device for geological exploitation detection has the advantages that the first gear, the second gear, the connecting assembly, the rotating wheel and the screw rod which are matched and driven are arranged on the barrel, and the requirements of small size, low weight, low cost and portability can be met through size adjustment. In addition, this sampling device for geological exploration detects can realize the drilling into soil downwards of screw rod through artifical rotatory runner, and labour saving and time saving makes things convenient for the sampling worker to take out the soil of the different degree of depth and detects to show improvement and bore soil, sampling efficiency.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a sampling device for geological exploration, according to one embodiment;
fig. 2 is a schematic view showing a state in which two bevel gears are engaged in the sampling apparatus for geological exploration shown in fig. 1.
In the drawings, the components represented by the respective reference numerals are listed below:
10. the tool comprises a barrel body, 11, blades, 12, pedals, 13, a fixing plate, 14, a tool box, 21, a first gear, 22, a second gear, 23, a connecting assembly, 231, a first connecting rod, 232, a second connecting rod, 233, a third gear, 24, a rotating wheel, 25, a screw rod, 26, a hollow supporting rod, 27 and a supporting plate.
Detailed Description
The principles and features of the present invention are described below in conjunction with the following drawings, the examples given are only intended to illustrate the present invention and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. It will be understood that when an element is referred to as being "connected" to another element, it can be directly connected to the other element or intervening elements may also be present.
Unless defined otherwise, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention belongs. The terminology used in the description of the invention herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of the invention.
Referring to fig. 1, a sampling device for geological mining detection according to an embodiment includes a cylinder 10 and a drilling mechanism.
In the present embodiment, the cylinder 10 has an accommodation chamber. The drilling and production mechanism comprises a first gear 21, a second gear 22, a connecting assembly 23, a turning wheel 24 and a screw 25. The diameter of the first gear 21 is smaller than that of the second gear 22, the first gear 21 and the second gear 22 are respectively rotatably disposed in the accommodating cavity, and the first gear 21 and the second gear 22 are engaged. The connecting components are respectively connected with the first gear 21 and the rotating wheel 24, and the rotating wheel 24 is located on the outer side of the cylinder 10 and used for manually rotating the rotating wheel 24 to drive the first gear 21 to rotate. The screw 25 penetrates through the second gear 22 and is in threaded connection with the second gear 22, the screw 25 penetrates through the bottom wall and the top wall of the barrel 10 respectively, and a tip used for drilling soil is arranged at the bottom end of the screw 25 and used for driving the screw 25 to ascend or descend through the rotation of the first gear 21 and the second gear 22.
The sampling device for geological exploration detection of this embodiment realizes through artifical rotatory runner 24 that screw rod 25 drills into the soil downwards through setting up driven first gear 21, second gear 22, coupling assembling 23, runner 24 and the screw rod 25 that cooperatees on barrel 10 to make things convenient for the sampling worker to take out the soil of the different degree of depth and detect, labour saving and time saving improves and bores soil, sampling efficiency.
Compared with a drilling machine, the sampling device for geological exploitation detection in the embodiment can meet the requirements of small size, low weight, low cost and convenience in carrying through size adjustment, and is more convenient to use in the field.
Further, in the present embodiment, a blade 11 for facilitating ground gripping is further provided on the bottom wall of the cylinder 10. The blade 11 is preferably V-shaped with the tip facing the bottom. In addition, the blade 11 is preferably provided in plurality, and the plurality of blades 11 are distributed on the bottom wall at equal intervals for further improving the ground gripping effect.
Further, in the present embodiment, a pedal 12 is further disposed at the bottom wall of the cylinder 10, so as to further improve the operation safety and reliability during the soil drilling process. The number of the pedals 12 is preferably two, and the two pedals 12 are symmetrically arranged on the cylinder 10, so that the cylinder 10, the screw 25 and the like can be stabilized in the soil drilling process.
It can be understood that in other embodiments, the number of the pedals 12 can be adjusted to three, four, etc. according to the size of the cylinder 10, and a plurality of the pedals 12 are uniformly distributed along the outer circumference of the cylinder 10, so as to further improve the operation safety and reliability in the soil drilling process.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, the sampling device for geological exploration may further include a fixing plate 13 transversely disposed in the accommodating cavity. The fixing plate 13 is connected to the inner sidewall of the cylinder 10. The first gear 21 and the second gear 22 are both circular gears, and the first gear 21 and the second gear 22 are respectively and horizontally rotatably arranged on the fixing plate 13 for improving the stability of the screw 25 in the soil drilling process.
In the present embodiment, the diameter of the second gear 22 is preferably 3 times the diameter of the first gear 21, which is used to save labor and reduce labor intensity during the soil sampling process. In other embodiments, the diameter multiples of the second gear 22 and the first gear 21 may be adjusted according to geological conditions, for example, 2 times, 4 times or 5 times, so as to ensure that the tip of the screw 25 is driven to drill soil below the soil layer smoothly in a labor-saving manner.
Further, the sampling device for geological exploration detection according to the present embodiment further includes a tool box 14. The tool box 14 is arranged on the cylinder 10, so that maintenance tools can be conveniently placed.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, the connecting assembly 23 includes a first connecting rod 231, a second connecting rod 232, and two third gears 233.
The first connecting rod 231 penetrates one of the third gears 233 and is connected thereto, the top end of the first connecting rod 231 is rotatably disposed on the top wall of the cylinder 10, and the bottom end of the first connecting rod 231 is connected to the first gear 21.
The second connecting rod 232 is rotatably disposed on the sidewall of the barrel 10, and one end of the second connecting rod 232 extending out of the accommodating cavity is connected to the rotating wheel 24, and the other end of the second connecting rod 232 extending into the accommodating cavity is connected to another third gear 233.
Referring to fig. 2, the third gear 233 is a bevel gear, and the two third gears 233 are engaged to form a 90 ° angle transmission, so that a sampling person can conveniently control the rotating wheel 24 when the barrel 10 is high.
In other embodiments, when the rotating wheel 24 is disposed above the barrel 10, the connecting assembly 23 may also directly employ a vertically disposed connecting rod to be fixedly connected to the rotating wheel 24 and the first gear 21, respectively, and the whole structure may be further simplified by screwing the rotating wheel 24 in the forward and backward directions to drive the tip of the screw 25 to ascend or descend.
Preferably, the screw 25 has a larger thread depth in the region of the tip, facilitating direct sampling. In addition, the screw rods 25 can be further provided with joints, so that the overlapping of the screw rods 25 is realized, and the requirements of drilling depth and sampling depth are further met.
Further, the sampling device for geological mining detection of the present embodiment further includes a hollow support rod 26 disposed in the accommodating chamber. The top wall of barrel 10 is connected at the top of hollow support rod 26, and hollow support rod 26 is worn to establish by screw rod 25 and rather than threaded connection, further improves the stability of screw rod 25 soil drilling process. In addition, the bottom end of the hollow support rod 26 can be fixedly connected with a support plate 27, and the stability is further improved.
The technical features of the above embodiments can be arbitrarily combined, and for the sake of brevity, all possible combinations of the technical features in the above embodiments are not described, but should be considered as the scope of the present specification as long as there is no contradiction between the combinations of the technical features.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the present invention, and any modifications, equivalent replacements, improvements, etc. made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The sampling device for geological exploitation detection is characterized by comprising a cylinder (10) and a drilling and exploitation mechanism;
the cylinder (10) is provided with an accommodating cavity;
the drilling and production mechanism comprises a first gear (21), a second gear (22), a connecting assembly (23), a rotating wheel (24) and a screw (25), the diameter of the first gear (21) is smaller than that of the second gear (22), the first gear (21) and the second gear (22) are respectively and rotatably arranged in the accommodating cavity, and the first gear (21) and the second gear (22) are meshed; the connecting assembly is respectively connected with the first gear (21) and the rotating wheel (24), and the rotating wheel (24) is positioned on the outer side of the barrel body (10) and is used for driving the first gear (21) to rotate by rotating the rotating wheel (24); the screw rod (25) penetrates through the second gear (22) and is in threaded connection with the second gear (22), the screw rod (25) penetrates out of the bottom wall of the barrel body (10), and a pointed end used for drilling soil is arranged at the bottom end of the screw rod (25).
2. The sampling device for geological mining detection according to claim 1, characterized in that the bottom wall of the cylinder (10) is further provided with a blade (11) for facilitating ground gripping.
3. The sampling device for geological mining detection according to claim 2, characterized in that said blades (11) are plural, and said blades (11) are spaced apart from each other on said bottom wall.
4. The sampling device for geological mining detection according to claim 1, characterized in that a pedal (12) is further provided at the bottom wall of the cylinder (10).
5. The sampling device for geological mining detection according to claim 4, characterized in that said pedals (12) are plural, and said plural pedals (12) are uniformly distributed along the outer circumference of said cylinder (10).
6. The sampling device for geological mining detection according to any of claims 1-5, further comprising a fixing plate (13) transversely disposed in the accommodating cavity, wherein the fixing plate (13) is connected to the inner side wall of the cylinder (10), and the first gear (21) and the second gear (22) are respectively rotatably disposed on the fixing plate (13).
7. The sampling device for geological mining detection according to claim 6, further comprising a hollow support rod (26) disposed in the accommodating cavity, wherein the hollow support rod (26) is connected to the top wall of the cylinder (10), and the screw rod penetrates through the hollow support rod (26) and is in threaded connection with the hollow support rod.
8. The sampling device for geological mining detection according to any of the claims 1 to 5, characterized in that said connection assembly (23) comprises a first connection rod (231), a second connection rod (232) and two third gears (233);
the first connecting rod (231) penetrates through one of the third gears (233) and is connected with the third gear, the top end of the first connecting rod (231) is rotatably arranged on the top wall of the cylinder (10), and the bottom end of the first connecting rod (231) is connected with the first gear (21);
the second connecting rod (232) is rotatably arranged on the side wall of the barrel body (10), one end, extending out of the accommodating cavity, of the second connecting rod (232) is connected with the rotating wheel (24), the other end, extending into the accommodating cavity, of the second connecting rod (232) is connected with another third gear (233), the third gear (233) is a bevel gear, and the two third gears (233) are meshed to form 90-degree corner transmission.
9. The geological mining detection sampling device as recited in any of claims 1-5, wherein the diameter of the second gear (22) is 2-5 times the diameter of the first gear (21).
10. The sampling device for geological mining detection according to any of claims 1-5, characterized in that it further comprises a tool box (14), said tool box (14) being provided on said barrel (10).
CN201920448809.9U 2019-04-04 2019-04-04 Sampling device for geological exploitation detection Active CN210802961U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920448809.9U CN210802961U (en) 2019-04-04 2019-04-04 Sampling device for geological exploitation detection

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920448809.9U CN210802961U (en) 2019-04-04 2019-04-04 Sampling device for geological exploitation detection

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210802961U true CN210802961U (en) 2020-06-19

Family

ID=71225123

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920448809.9U Active CN210802961U (en) 2019-04-04 2019-04-04 Sampling device for geological exploitation detection

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210802961U (en)

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