CN210796349U - Special chain belt type microwave carbonization cracking device for medical waste - Google Patents

Special chain belt type microwave carbonization cracking device for medical waste Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210796349U
CN210796349U CN201921387554.6U CN201921387554U CN210796349U CN 210796349 U CN210796349 U CN 210796349U CN 201921387554 U CN201921387554 U CN 201921387554U CN 210796349 U CN210796349 U CN 210796349U
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shell
medical waste
bin
gas
chain belt
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CN201921387554.6U
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胡仲凯
杨鸿雁
周悦先
熊伟
韩智亮
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周悦先
胡仲凯
杨鸿雁
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Abstract

A chain belt type microwave carbonization cracking device special for medical waste comprises a furnace body, a feeding mechanism, a discharging mechanism, a gas-liquid recovery mechanism, a cooler and a control mechanism, wherein the feeding mechanism is arranged on the left side of the upper part of the furnace body; the utility model adopts the above technical scheme, good effect has been got: medical waste is placed through microwave formula heater to medical waste on the chain conveyer and is carried out microwave heating through the special chain belt formula microwave carbonization cracker of medical waste, obvious improvement medical waste's treatment effeciency, and the vacuum sterilization through feed mechanism and discharge mechanism has thoroughly exterminateed the bacterium in the medical waste, has improved medical waste's treatment effeciency to comprehensive cost has been reduced.

Description

Special chain belt type microwave carbonization cracking device for medical waste
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a refuse handling installation field, the utility model discloses a special chain belt formula microwave carbonization cracker of medical waste.
Background
With the increasing requirements of the country on environmental protection, in order to solve the problem of treatment and disposal of medical waste, the eight-five period country uniformly builds a medical waste treatment project taking waste incineration as a main technology in middle cities all over the country, and the batch of equipment makes a great contribution to solving the problem of medical waste pollution in China in 20 years; however, in the past 20 years, from any aspects of service life of technical equipment, technical capacity, technical level of equipment and the like, the equipment is old to the final stage of being forced to be eliminated, and a large amount of organic compounds such as dioxin, furan and the like are produced in the incineration process, and the substances have carcinogenicity, reproductive toxicity, endocrine toxicity and immunosuppressive action; along with the high-speed increase of the people's medical needs by times or even dozens of times, the treatment and disposal requirements of the dangerous pollutants of the medical waste are continuously improved, the existing medical waste is treated by using a microwave carbonization and fission technology, but the existing microwave carbonization and cracking furnaces directly perform microwave heating on the medical waste, the overall treatment efficiency is low, the cost is high, and the existing microwave carbonization and cracking furnaces perform sliding microwave sterilization treatment on the medical waste through an inclined groove or perform sterilization treatment in the screw conveying process, so that bacteria can not be completely killed due to the uneven microwave heating, and hidden dangers are brought to the later treatment; therefore, a device is needed to solve the problems of high cost, low treatment efficiency and incomplete sterilization of the microwave carbonization fission treatment of the existing medical waste.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model provides a special chain belt formula microwave carbonization cracker of medical waste for solve current medical waste and carry out microwave carbonization fission treatment with high costs, the treatment effeciency low, disinfect incomplete problem.
The purpose of the utility model is realized by adopting the following technical scheme:
a chain belt type microwave carbonization cracking device special for medical waste comprises a furnace body, a feeding mechanism, a discharging mechanism, a gas-liquid recovery mechanism, a cooler and a control mechanism, wherein the feeding mechanism is arranged on the left side of the upper part of the furnace body; the furnace body is externally provided with a rectangular shell, the upper part of the inner side of the shell is provided with a heater, the lower part of the heater of the inner side of the shell is horizontally provided with a chain belt conveyor, the left side of the chain belt conveyor is provided with a driving belt wheel, the rear end of a main shaft of the driving belt wheel extends out of the back of the shell, the rear end of the main shaft is provided with a large chain wheel, the upper part of the left side of the shell is provided with a feed inlet, the lower part of the feed inlet of the inner side of the shell is provided with an inclined diversion trench, the lower part of the diversion trench corresponds to the left side of the upper part of the chain belt conveyor, the lower part of the right end of the chain belt conveyor of the inner side of the shell is provided with a collecting hopper, the lower end of the collecting hopper penetrates below the shell, the, the front end of the motor spindle is provided with a speed reducer, the output shaft end of the speed reducer is provided with a small chain wheel, and a chain is arranged between the small chain wheel and a large chain wheel at the rear part of the shell.
The feeding mechanism consists of a bacteriostasis bin and an upper spiral auger conveyor, the output port of the upper spiral auger conveyor is correspondingly connected with the feed inlet at the upper part of the shell, and the bacteriostasis bin is arranged at the upper part of the input port of the upper spiral auger conveyor; the bacteriostatic bin be the bacteriostatic vacuum bin, including vacuum bin, last valve, lower valve, feeder hopper, stirring frame and actuating mechanism, go up the valve setting on the upper portion in vacuum bin, the feeder hopper sets up on the upper portion of last valve, lower valve setting is in the lower part in vacuum bin, the stirring frame sets up in vacuum bin inboard, actuating mechanism sets up the rear portion in vacuum bin, actuating mechanism front end output shaft is connected with stirring frame rear portion.
The discharging mechanism consists of a sterilization bin and a lower spiral auger conveyor, a feed inlet of the lower spiral auger conveyor is correspondingly connected with the lower end of the receiving hopper of the shell, a cooling water jacket is arranged outside a conveying cylinder of the lower spiral auger conveyor, and the sterilization bin is arranged at the lower part of a discharge outlet of the lower spiral auger conveyor; the sterilizing bin has the same structure as the bacteriostatic bin for removing the feed hopper.
The gas-liquid recovery mechanism is composed of a gas storage tank, a liquid storage tank and a gas-liquid separator, the gas storage tank and the liquid storage tank are respectively connected with a gas outlet and a liquid outlet of the gas-liquid separator through pipelines, and a gas inlet of the oil-gas separator is connected with a waste gas valve at the upper part of the shell through a pipeline.
The cooler is a liquid heat exchanger and is connected with a cooling water jacket on the outer side of the lower spiral auger conveyor of the discharging mechanism through a water pipe.
The heater is a flat plate type microwave heater, the upper part of the heater is connected with a top plate on the inner side of the shell through a connecting plate, and microwave generators are arranged in parallel at the lower part of the connecting plate.
The control mechanism is composed of an electric control cabinet with a PLC controller arranged inside, and the control mechanism is respectively connected with the heater on the inner side of the shell, the driving motor on the lower portion of the shell, the feeding mechanism, the discharging mechanism and the cooler through electric wires.
The utility model adopts the above technical scheme, good effect has been got: medical waste is placed through microwave formula heater to medical waste on the chain conveyer and is carried out microwave heating through the special chain belt formula microwave carbonization cracker of medical waste, obvious improvement medical waste's treatment effeciency, and the vacuum sterilization through feed mechanism and discharge mechanism has thoroughly exterminateed the bacterium in the medical waste, has improved medical waste's treatment effeciency to comprehensive cost has been reduced.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a left side view of fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of the bacteriostatic cabin in fig. 1.
In the figure: 1. the device comprises a shell, 2, a cooler, 3, a sterilization bin, 4, a lower spiral auger conveyor, 5, a liquid storage tank, 6, a gas storage tank, 7, a gas-liquid separator, 8, a waste gas valve, 9, a microwave generator, 10, an upper spiral auger conveyor, 11, a bacteriostasis bin, 12, a control mechanism, 13, a chain belt conveyor, 14, a chain, 15, a cooling water jacket, 16, a feed hopper, 17, an upper valve, 18, a vacuum bin, 19, a lower valve, 20 and a stirring frame.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
As shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, the chain belt type microwave carbonization cracking device special for medical waste comprises a furnace body, a feeding mechanism, a discharging mechanism, a gas-liquid recovery mechanism, a cooler and a control mechanism, wherein the furnace body is externally provided with a rectangular shell 1, the upper part of the inner side of the shell 1 is provided with a heater, the heater is a flat plate type microwave heater, the upper part of the heater is connected with a top plate at the inner side of the shell 1 through a connecting plate, and the lower part of the connecting plate is provided with microwave generators 9 in parallel; a chain belt conveyor 13 is horizontally arranged at the lower part of a heater at the inner side of a shell 1, a driving belt wheel is arranged at the left side of the chain belt conveyor 13, the rear end of a main shaft of the driving belt wheel extends out of the back of the shell 1, a large chain wheel is arranged at the rear end of the main shaft, a feed inlet is arranged at the upper part of the left side of the shell 1, an inclined diversion trench is arranged at the lower part of the feed inlet at the inner side of the shell, the lower part of the diversion trench corresponds to the left side of the upper part of the chain belt conveyor 13, a receiving hopper is arranged at the lower part of the right end of the chain belt conveyor 13 at the inner side of the shell 1, the lower end of the receiving hopper penetrates through the lower surface of the shell 1, a waste gas recovery pipe is arranged at the right side of the upper part of the shell 1, a waste gas valve 8 is arranged, a chain 14 is arranged between the small chain wheel and the big chain wheel at the rear part of the shell 1;
the feeding mechanism is arranged on the left side of the upper part of the furnace body shell 1 and consists of a bacteriostasis chamber 11 and an upper spiral auger conveyor 10, the output port of the upper spiral auger conveyor 10 is correspondingly connected with the feed inlet on the upper part of the shell 1, and the bacteriostasis chamber 11 is arranged on the upper part of the input port of the upper spiral auger conveyor 10; the bacteriostatic bin 11 is a vacuum bacteriostatic bin and comprises a vacuum bin 18, an upper valve 17, a lower valve 19, a feed hopper 16, a stirring frame 20 and a driving mechanism, wherein the upper valve 17 is arranged at the upper part of the vacuum bin 18, the feed hopper 16 is arranged at the upper part of the upper valve 17, the lower valve 19 is arranged at the lower part of the vacuum bin 18, the stirring frame 20 is arranged at the inner side of the vacuum bin 18, the driving mechanism is arranged at the rear part of the vacuum bin 18, and an output shaft at the front end of the driving mechanism is connected with the rear part of the stirring frame 20; the discharging mechanism is arranged on the right side of the lower part of the furnace body shell 1, the discharging mechanism is composed of a sterilization bin 3 and a lower spiral auger conveyor 4, a feed inlet of the lower spiral auger conveyor 4 is correspondingly connected with the lower end of a receiving hopper of the shell 1, a cooling water jacket 15 is arranged outside a conveying cylinder of the lower spiral auger conveyor 4, and the sterilization bin 3 is arranged on the lower part of a discharge outlet of the lower spiral auger conveyor 4; the sterilizing bin 3 is consistent with the bacteriostatic bin 11 for removing the feed hopper in structure;
the gas-liquid recovery mechanism is arranged on the right side of the furnace body shell 1 and consists of a gas storage tank 6, a liquid storage tank 5 and a gas-liquid separator 7, the gas storage tank 6 and the liquid storage tank 5 are respectively connected with a gas outlet and a liquid outlet of the gas-liquid separator 7 through pipelines, and a gas inlet of the oil-gas separator 7 is connected with a waste gas valve 8 on the upper part of the shell 1 through a pipeline; the cooler 2 is arranged at the lower part of the furnace body shell 1, the cooler 2 is a liquid heat exchanger, and the cooler 2 is connected with a cooling water jacket 15 at the outer side of a spiral auger conveyor 4 below the discharging mechanism through a water pipe; the control mechanism 12 is arranged on the left side of the furnace body shell 1; the control mechanism 12 is an electric control cabinet with a PLC controller arranged inside, and the control mechanism 12 is respectively connected with the heater on the inner side of the shell, the driving motor on the lower part of the shell 1, the feeding mechanism, the discharging mechanism and the cooler 2 through electric wires.
When the special chain belt type microwave carbonization cracking device for medical waste is used, the medical waste is firstly poured into a feed hopper 16 at the upper part of a bacteriostatic bin 11 of a feeding mechanism, an upper valve 17 is opened to enable the medical waste to enter a vacuum bin 18 through the upper valve 17, then the upper valve 17 is closed, the vacuum bin 18 is vacuumized through a vacuum extraction equipment connecting pipe, then the medical waste stays in the vacuum bin 18 for a period of time in a vacuum state to carry out early anaerobic sterilization on aerobic harmful bacteria in the medical waste and inhibit other harmful bacteriostatic growth, a lower valve 19 at the lower part is opened after the time is up to enable the medical waste in the vacuum bin 18 to downwards enter an upper spiral auger conveyor 10 at the lower part and fall onto a conveying chain belt of an inner side chain belt conveyor 13 through a feed inlet at the upper part of a shell 1 and a diversion trench, the conveying chain belt at the upper part of the chain belt conveyor 13 lifts the medical waste to slowly move from left to right, the microwave generator 9 of the upper heater carries out microwave heating sterilization on the medical waste at the lower part, when the medical waste residue reaches the right end of the chain belt conveyor 13, falls into the discharging hopper and enters the sterilization bin 3 through the lower spiral auger conveyor 4 of the discharging mechanism, meanwhile, the cooling water jacket 15 at the outer side of the lower spiral auger conveyor 4 cools the medical garbage which is subjected to the microwave heating treatment inside, and after the medical garbage reaches the sterilization bin 3, the medical waste residue after heating treatment is subjected to the same vacuum sterilization as that in the bacteriostatic cabin 11, then flows out of the lower material receiving equipment through the lower valve of the sterilizing cabin 3 to be collected, meanwhile, waste gas generated during heating in the shell 1 reaches the gas-liquid separator 7 through the waste gas valve 8 at the upper part for gas-liquid separation, and the separated waste gas and waste liquid respectively enter the gas storage tank 6 and the liquid storage tank 5 for storage, so that the sterilization treatment process of the medical waste is completed.
The part of the utility model not detailed is prior art.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a special chain belt formula microwave carbonization cracker of medical waste, includes furnace body, feed mechanism, discharge mechanism, gas-liquid recovery mechanism, cooler and control mechanism, characterized by: the feeding mechanism is arranged on the left side of the upper part of the furnace body, the discharging mechanism is arranged on the right side of the lower part of the furnace body, the gas-liquid recovery mechanism is arranged on the right side of the furnace body, the cooler is arranged on the lower part of the furnace body, and the control mechanism is arranged on the left side of the furnace body; the furnace body is externally provided with a rectangular shell, the upper part of the inner side of the shell is provided with a heater, the lower part of the heater of the inner side of the shell is horizontally provided with a chain belt conveyor, the left side of the chain belt conveyor is provided with a driving belt wheel, the rear end of a main shaft of the driving belt wheel extends out of the back of the shell, the rear end of the main shaft is provided with a large chain wheel, the upper part of the left side of the shell is provided with a feed inlet, the lower part of the feed inlet of the inner side of the shell is provided with an inclined diversion trench, the lower part of the diversion trench corresponds to the left side of the upper part of the chain belt conveyor, the lower part of the right end of the chain belt conveyor of the inner side of the shell is provided with a collecting hopper, the lower end of the collecting hopper penetrates below the shell, the, the front end of the motor spindle is provided with a speed reducer, the output shaft end of the speed reducer is provided with a small chain wheel, and a chain is arranged between the small chain wheel and a large chain wheel at the rear part of the shell.
2. The medical waste special chain belt type microwave carbonization cracking device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the feeding mechanism consists of a bacteriostasis bin and an upper spiral auger conveyor, the output port of the upper spiral auger conveyor is correspondingly connected with the feed inlet at the upper part of the shell, and the bacteriostasis bin is arranged at the upper part of the input port of the upper spiral auger conveyor; the bacteriostatic bin be the bacteriostatic vacuum bin, including vacuum bin, last valve, lower valve, feeder hopper, stirring frame and actuating mechanism, go up the valve setting on the upper portion in vacuum bin, the feeder hopper sets up on the upper portion of last valve, lower valve setting is in the lower part in vacuum bin, the stirring frame sets up in vacuum bin inboard, actuating mechanism sets up at the rear portion in vacuum bin, actuating mechanism front end output shaft is connected with stirring frame rear portion.
3. The medical waste special chain belt type microwave carbonization cracking device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the discharging mechanism consists of a sterilization bin and a lower spiral auger conveyor, a feed inlet of the lower spiral auger conveyor is correspondingly connected with the lower end of the receiving hopper of the shell, a cooling water jacket is arranged outside a conveying cylinder of the lower spiral auger conveyor, and the sterilization bin is arranged at the lower part of a discharge outlet of the lower spiral auger conveyor; the sterilizing bin has the same structure as the bacteriostatic bin for removing the feed hopper.
4. The medical waste special chain belt type microwave carbonization cracking device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the gas-liquid recovery mechanism is composed of a gas storage tank, a liquid storage tank and a gas-liquid separator, the gas storage tank and the liquid storage tank are respectively connected with a gas outlet and a liquid outlet of the gas-liquid separator through pipelines, and a gas inlet of the oil-gas separator is connected with a waste gas valve at the upper part of the shell through a pipeline.
5. The medical waste special chain belt type microwave carbonization cracking device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the cooler is a liquid heat exchanger and is connected with a cooling water jacket on the outer side of the lower spiral auger conveyor of the discharging mechanism through a water pipe.
6. The medical waste special chain belt type microwave carbonization cracking device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the heater is a flat plate type microwave heater, the upper part of the heater is connected with a top plate on the inner side of the shell through a connecting plate, and microwave generators are arranged in parallel at the lower part of the connecting plate.
7. The medical waste special chain belt type microwave carbonization cracking device as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the control mechanism is composed of an electric control cabinet with a PLC controller arranged inside, and the control mechanism is respectively connected with the heater on the inner side of the shell, the driving motor on the lower portion of the shell, the feeding mechanism, the discharging mechanism and the cooler through electric wires.
CN201921387554.6U 2019-08-26 2019-08-26 Special chain belt type microwave carbonization cracking device for medical waste Active CN210796349U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921387554.6U CN210796349U (en) 2019-08-26 2019-08-26 Special chain belt type microwave carbonization cracking device for medical waste

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921387554.6U CN210796349U (en) 2019-08-26 2019-08-26 Special chain belt type microwave carbonization cracking device for medical waste

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210796349U true CN210796349U (en) 2020-06-19

Family

ID=71243926

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921387554.6U Active CN210796349U (en) 2019-08-26 2019-08-26 Special chain belt type microwave carbonization cracking device for medical waste

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210796349U (en)

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