CN210787644U - Town and country domestic waste takes off dirt breaker - Google Patents

Town and country domestic waste takes off dirt breaker Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210787644U
CN210787644U CN201921670390.8U CN201921670390U CN210787644U CN 210787644 U CN210787644 U CN 210787644U CN 201921670390 U CN201921670390 U CN 201921670390U CN 210787644 U CN210787644 U CN 210787644U
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China
Prior art keywords
crushing
barrel
worm
conveying
domestic waste
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CN201921670390.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘飞
梁艳红
孙杰
房乐乐
程龙威
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Huaibei Normal University
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Huaibei Normal University
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a dust-removing and crushing device for urban and rural domestic wastes, which comprises a bracket, wherein the upper side of the bracket is fixedly connected with a conveying barrel, the inner part of the conveying barrel is rotatably connected with a first worm, the lower side of the conveying barrel on the bracket is fixedly connected with a crushing barrel, the right side of the crushing barrel is communicated with the conveying barrel, the inner side wall of the crushing barrel is fixedly connected with a fixed thorn, the inner part of the crushing barrel is rotatably connected with a roller, the side wall of the roller is fixedly connected with a stirring thorn, and the lower side wall of the crushing barrel is provided with a sieve pore, the utility model drives the bagged wastes at a feed inlet to move in the conveying barrel through the rotation of the first worm, the wastes are reversed and moved when rotating, thereby enabling the wastes to be scattered to enter the inner part of the crushing barrel, directly crushing the wastes through the rotation of the roller, and then avoiding the manual bag breaking process, the crushing efficiency is improved.

Description

Town and country domestic waste takes off dirt breaker
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a broken technical field of rubbish specifically is a town and country domestic waste takes off dirt breaker.
Background
Urban and rural life can produce a large amount of wastes, the wastes are usually treated in a landfill mode, the soil environment can be polluted by non-decomposable wastes after landfill, the sustainable development is not met, the urban and rural life wastes are mostly bagged when discarded, the wastes are required to be subjected to bag breaking treatment when treated, the workload of bag breaking treatment is huge along with the increasing amount of the wastes to be treated, the traditional bag breaking mode adopts manual bag breaking, not only wastes time and labor are wasted, but also harmful gas released by the wastes in the bag can cause harm to human bodies, and when the existing wastes are broken, the breaking efficiency is low, the wastes with larger volume exist in broken objects, the breaking effect is poor, and the subsequent treatment of the wastes is influenced; and the existing wastes are more in dust during crushing, so that a dust removing and crushing device for urban and rural domestic wastes is provided.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a town and country domestic waste takes off dirt breaker to solve the problem that proposes in the above-mentioned background art.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme: the utility model provides a town and country domestic waste takes off dirt breaker, includes the support, the upside fixedly connected with conveying bucket of support, the inside of conveying bucket is rotated and is connected with first worm, the broken bucket of downside fixedly connected with that just is located the conveying bucket on the support, the right side and the conveying bucket intercommunication of broken bucket, fixedly connected with fixed thorn on the inside wall of broken bucket, and the inside of broken bucket rotates and is connected with the roller, fixedly connected with stirring thorn on the lateral wall of roller, it has the sieve mesh to open on the lower lateral wall of broken bucket, the below of sieve mesh just is located the lower lateral wall of broken bucket through hoop fixedly connected with discharge gate.
Preferably, the feed hopper is fixedly welded to the upper side of the left end of the conveying barrel.
Preferably, the left end downside fixedly connected with collection box of broken bucket, the inside fixedly connected with lifting pipe of collection box, and the upper end of lifting pipe run through the lateral wall of collection box and communicate with the conveying bucket, the inside of lifting pipe rotates and is connected with the second worm, the lower extreme of second worm run through the lateral wall of collection box and with the output shaft fixed connection of first motor, first motor fixed connection is on the support, the inside of collection box rotates and is connected with the bull stick, and the pivot of bull stick passes through the output shaft of belt and first motor.
Preferably, the right side of support is opened there is the cavity, the inside rotation of cavity is connected with the runner, the central pivot of runner and the output shaft fixed connection of second motor, second motor fixed connection is on the lateral wall of support, the runner downside is passed through tooth and gear engagement and is connected, the pivot and the roller fixed connection of gear, the runner is connected with the flywheel through the belt, the pivot and the first worm fixed connection of flywheel.
Preferably, the left end of the crushing barrel is lower, the right end of the crushing barrel is higher, and the included angle between the central line of the crushing barrel and the horizontal line is 15-30 degrees.
Preferably, the right end of the conveying barrel is fixedly connected with a water spraying device and an air pipe.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that: the utility model discloses a rotation of first worm thereby drives the bagged waste of feed inlet department and moves in the inside of transfer drum, and the discarded object just reverses also moves when first worm rotates to make the discarded object scattered get into the inside of crushing bucket, directly carries out the breakage of discarded object through the rotation of roller, has avoided artifical broken bag's process then, has improved the efficiency of breakage; the water spraying device arranged on the right side of the conveying barrel avoids heavy dust during crushing construction, and the air pipe discharges harmful gas generated by waste, so that harm to a human body is reduced; the discarded object is when the inside of broken bucket is broken, and the discarded object that accords with broken requirement will be through sieve mesh discharge broken bucket, and the discarded object that does not accord with the requirement can move and fall into the collection box behind the leftmost side of broken bucket to carry out the secondary crushing through the inside that the lifting pipe got into the conveying bucket again, thereby guaranteed the crushing effect of discarded object.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
fig. 2 is an overall sectional view of the present invention;
fig. 3 is an enlarged view of the point a of fig. 2 according to the present invention;
fig. 4 is an enlarged view of fig. 2B;
fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view of the transfer barrel and the crushing barrel of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the structure of the conveying barrel, the feeding hopper and the air pipe of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is an exploded view of the crushing barrel, sieve holes and discharge hole of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a cross-sectional view of the crushing barrel and the fixed thorn of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. the device comprises a bracket, 2, a conveying barrel, 3, a feeding hopper, 4, a first worm, 5, a crushing barrel, 6, a fixing thorn, 7, a roller, 8, a stirring thorn, 9, a sieve hole, 10, a discharge hole, 11, a recycling box, 12, a material lifting pipe, 13, a second worm, 14, a first motor, 15, a rotating rod, 16, an air pipe, 17, a water spraying device, 18, a cavity, 19, a rotating wheel, 20, a second motor, 21, a gear, 22, a flywheel, 23 and a hoop.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-8, the present invention provides a technical solution: a dust removing and crushing device for urban and rural domestic wastes comprises a support 1, wherein a conveying barrel 2 is fixedly connected to the upper side of the support 1, a first worm 4 is rotatably connected to the inside of the conveying barrel 2, when the first worm 4 rotates, bagged wastes are conveyed from the left end to the right end of the conveying barrel 2, the rotating speed of the first worm 4 is high, the wastes inside the conveying barrel 2 can roll, so that the wastes can be discharged from a plastic bag, a crushing barrel 5 is fixedly connected to the support 1 and is positioned at the lower side of the conveying barrel 2, as shown in figure 1, the crushing barrel 5 has a certain inclination from left to right, the inclination mode of the crushing barrel 5 is low at left and high at right, so that the wastes can move leftwards inside the crushing barrel 5, the right side of the crushing barrel 5 is communicated with the conveying barrel 2, a fixing thorn 6 is fixedly connected to the inner side wall of the crushing barrel 5, and a roller 7 is rotatably connected to the inside of the crushing barrel 5, the diameter of the roller 7 is gradually increased from right to left, after the waste enters the crushing barrel 5, the crushed object moves leftwards, the space between the roller 7 and the crushing barrel 5 is smaller and smaller, so that the fixed spine 6 and the stirring spine 8 are matched more and more closely, the crushing precision is higher and higher, the crushing efficiency is increased, the stirring spine 8 is fixedly connected to the side wall of the roller 7, the stirring spine 8 rotates with the waste, but the fixed spine 6 hooks the waste, the stirring spine 8 rotates to be matched with the fixed spine 6, the waste is torn, the effect of crushing the waste is achieved, the waste continuously enters the crushing barrel 5, when the waste is stacked at the right end of the crushing barrel 5, the waste which is torn before moves leftwards due to the rotation of the roller 7, and the waste is torn to be more broken by matching the fixed thorn 6 and the stirring thorn 8, the sieve mesh 9 is arranged on the lower side wall of the breaking barrel 5, the sieve mesh 9 is a slotted hole through which the waste meeting the breaking degree falls out of the breaking barrel 5, when the waste is broken to a certain degree, the waste meeting the breaking degree can be discharged from the inside of the sieve mesh 9, the waste not meeting the breaking degree continues to move leftwards in the breaking barrel 5, the right side of the sieve mesh 9 is provided with a drainage hole to separate the moisture in the waste, a discharge port 10 is fixedly connected on the lower side wall of the breaking barrel 5 below the sieve mesh 9 through a hoop 23, a channel through which the broken waste slides out is arranged in the discharge port 10, a water tank is arranged on the right side, and two devices for collecting water and broken waste are arranged below the discharge port 10, so as to collect the broken waste, but also can separate water from broken waste.
Particularly, the fixed welding of the left end upper side of conveying bucket 2 has feeder hopper 3, and feeder hopper 3 is the fill type form, and the upper end oral area is great, the pouring of the discarded object of being convenient for.
Specifically, the recycling box 11 is fixedly connected to the lower side of the left end of the crushing barrel 5, the recycling box 11 is a device for collecting wastes with a large volume, that is, wastes which do not meet the crushing standard in the crushing barrel 5 finally fall into the recycling box 11, the interior of the recycling box 11 is fixedly connected with the material lifting pipe 12, the upper end of the material lifting pipe 12 penetrates through the side wall of the recycling box 11 and is communicated with the conveying barrel 2, the interior of the material lifting pipe 12 is rotatably connected with the second worm 13, when the second worm 13 rotates, the wastes in the interior of the recycling box 11 are rolled into the interior of the material lifting pipe 12 and slowly rise to the upper end of the material lifting pipe 12, finally the wastes at the upper end of the material lifting pipe 12 enter into the interior of the conveying barrel 2, so as to realize secondary crushing, the lower end of the second worm 13 penetrates through the side wall of the recycling box 11 and is fixedly connected with the output shaft of, first motor 14 fixed connection is on support 1, the inside rotation of collection box 11 is connected with bull stick 15, and when bull stick 15 rotated, can stir the inside discarded object of collection box 11, then the discarded object that makes to keep away from second worm 13 stirs to being close to second worm 13 department to make the more light waste of curling up of second worm 13, and the pivot of bull stick 15 passes through the output shaft of belt and first motor 14.
Specifically, a cavity 18 is formed in the right side of the bracket 1, a rotating wheel 19 is rotatably connected inside the cavity 18, one part of the rotating wheel 19 is provided with teeth, the other part of the rotating wheel 19 is provided with a belt groove, so that the rotating wheel 19 simultaneously drives a gear 21 to rotate together with a flywheel 22, a central rotating shaft of the rotating wheel 19 is fixedly connected with an output shaft of a second motor 20, the second motor 20 is fixedly connected to the outer side wall of the bracket 1, the lower side of the rotating wheel 19 is meshed with the gear 21 through teeth, a rotating shaft of the gear 21 is fixedly connected with a roller 7, after the gear 21 is meshed with the rotating wheel 19, the second motor 20 can drive the roller 7 to rotate, and then waste is crushed in the crushing barrel 5, the rotating wheel 19 is connected with the flywheel 22 through a belt, a rotating shaft of the flywheel 22 is fixedly connected with a first worm 4, the rotating wheel 19 rotates through the flywheel 22, so that the second motor 20 can drive, the waste inside the transfer tub 2 is then moved to the right and into the inside of the crushing tub 5.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 1, the left end of the crushing barrel 5 is low, the right end of the crushing barrel 5 is high, and the included angle between the central line of the crushing barrel 5 and the horizontal line is 15-30 degrees, when the waste is crushed in the crushing barrel 5, the moving speed of the waste from the right end to the left end of the crushing barrel 5 is moderate, so that the situation that the moving speed of the waste is too slow is avoided, and the crushing efficiency of the waste is ensured on the premise that the waste is sufficiently crushed.
Particularly, the right-hand member fixedly connected with water jet equipment 17 and trachea 16 of transfer barrel 2, water jet equipment 17 is connected with outside water pump and sprays water and can spray the discarded object moist, like this when the discarded object is broken in the inside of broken bucket 5, no a large amount of dust produces, thereby the cleanness of broken process environment of discarded object has been guaranteed, and the discarded object removes and rolls in the inside of transmission bucket 2, then make harmful gas volatilize, trachea 16 can make the harmful gas that the discarded object produced get rid of, trachea 16's upper end is connected with harmful gas processing apparatus, then handle harmful gas, the pollution to the air has been avoided.
The working principle is as follows: when the device is used, the device is electrified to enable the first motor 14 and the second motor 20 to operate, so that the first worm 4, the roller 7 and the second worm 13 rotate, waste is poured into the conveying barrel 2 from the inside of the feed hopper 3, the waste moves rightwards under the rotation of the first worm 4, and finally falls into the crushing barrel 5, the stirring barbs 8 are matched with the fixing barbs 6 fixed on the inner side wall of the crushing barrel 5 through the rotation of the roller 7, the waste is shredded, meanwhile, the waste moves towards the left side of the crushing barrel 5 according to the inclination of the crushing barrel 5 and the rotation of the roller 7, the waste meeting the crushing standard is discharged from the sieve holes 9, the waste is crushed, the waste not meeting the standard finally moves to the left end of the crushing barrel 5 and then falls into the recycling box 11, and rotates in the material lifting pipe 12 through the second worm 13, so that the waste inside the recycling bin 11 is lifted to the upper end of the lifting pipe 12 and enters the inside of the driving barrel 2 for secondary crushing.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a town and country domestic waste takes off dirt breaker, includes support (1), its characterized in that: upside fixedly connected with conveying barrel (2) of support (1), the inside of conveying barrel (2) is rotated and is connected with first worm (4), downside fixedly connected with broken bucket (5) that just is located conveying barrel (2) on support (1), the right side and the conveying barrel (2) intercommunication of broken bucket (5), fixedly connected with stationary thorn (6) on the inside wall of broken bucket (5), and the inside of broken bucket (5) is rotated and is connected with roller (7), fixedly connected with stirring thorn (8) on the lateral wall of roller (7), it has sieve mesh (9) to open on the lower lateral wall of broken bucket (5), just be located through hoop (23) fixedly connected with discharge gate (10) on the lower lateral wall of broken bucket (5) in the below of sieve mesh (9).
2. The urban and rural domestic waste dedusting and crushing device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the feed hopper (3) is fixedly welded on the upper side of the left end of the conveying barrel (2).
3. The urban and rural domestic waste dedusting and crushing device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the left end downside fixedly connected with collection box (11) of broken bucket (5), the inside fixedly connected with of collection box (11) carries material pipe (12), and the upper end of carrying material pipe (12) run through the lateral wall of collection box (11) and communicate with conveying bucket (2), the inside rotation of carrying material pipe (12) is connected with second worm (13), the lower extreme of second worm (13) run through the lateral wall of collection box (11) and with the output shaft fixed connection of first motor (14), first motor (14) fixed connection is on support (1), the inside rotation of collection box (11) is connected with bull stick (15), and the output shaft of belt and first motor (14) is passed through in the pivot of bull stick (15).
4. The urban and rural domestic waste dedusting and crushing device according to claim 1, characterized in that: open the right side of support (1) has cavity (18), the inside rotation of cavity (18) is connected with runner (19), the central pivot of runner (19) and the output shaft fixed connection of second motor (20), second motor (20) fixed connection is on the lateral wall of support (1), runner (19) downside is passed through the tooth and is connected with gear (21) meshing, the pivot and roller (7) fixed connection of gear (21), runner (19) are connected with flywheel (22) through the belt, the pivot and first worm (4) fixed connection of flywheel (22).
5. The urban and rural domestic waste dedusting and crushing device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the left end of the crushing barrel (5) is lower, the right end of the crushing barrel (5) is higher, and the included angle between the center line of the crushing barrel (5) and the horizontal line is 15-30 degrees.
6. The urban and rural domestic waste dedusting and crushing device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the right end of the conveying barrel (2) is fixedly connected with a water spraying device (17) and an air pipe (16).
CN201921670390.8U 2019-10-08 2019-10-08 Town and country domestic waste takes off dirt breaker Active CN210787644U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921670390.8U CN210787644U (en) 2019-10-08 2019-10-08 Town and country domestic waste takes off dirt breaker

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921670390.8U CN210787644U (en) 2019-10-08 2019-10-08 Town and country domestic waste takes off dirt breaker

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210787644U true CN210787644U (en) 2020-06-19

Family

ID=71238439

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921670390.8U Active CN210787644U (en) 2019-10-08 2019-10-08 Town and country domestic waste takes off dirt breaker

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210787644U (en)

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