CN210731653U - Lathe electric spindle lifting structure - Google Patents

Lathe electric spindle lifting structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210731653U
CN210731653U CN201921108551.4U CN201921108551U CN210731653U CN 210731653 U CN210731653 U CN 210731653U CN 201921108551 U CN201921108551 U CN 201921108551U CN 210731653 U CN210731653 U CN 210731653U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
screw rod
electric spindle
lathe
column
upright
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201921108551.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
沈诗剑
温展波
朱文明
温奕江
邓云飞
温春花
郭汝佳
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangzhou Gaopin Machine Tool Co ltd
Original Assignee
Guangzhou Gaopin Machine Tool Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Guangzhou Gaopin Machine Tool Co ltd filed Critical Guangzhou Gaopin Machine Tool Co ltd
Priority to CN201921108551.4U priority Critical patent/CN210731653U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN210731653U publication Critical patent/CN210731653U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a lathe electric main shaft lifting structure, which comprises an electric main shaft and a stand column arranged on a lathe, and is characterized in that the electric main shaft traverses the stand column, and the stand column is provided with a lifting mechanism and a driving component for driving the lifting mechanism to operate; the lifting mechanism comprises a screw rod and a screw rod seat, the screw rod is vertically arranged on the stand column, the driving assembly is connected with the screw rod, the screw rod seat is fixedly connected with the electric spindle, the screw rod seat is in threaded connection with the screw rod, a plurality of linear guide devices are arranged between the electric spindle and the stand column, the lifting mechanism achieves the lifting purpose of the lathe spindle, further achieves the three-axis feeding purpose of the lathe, and the structural rigidity and the structural stability are improved when the plurality of linear guide devices achieve linear guide.

Description

Lathe electric spindle lifting structure
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a lathe equipment technical field, concretely relates to lathe electricity main shaft elevation structure.
Background
The lathe is a machine tool for turning a rotating workpiece mainly by using a lathe tool, generally, the workpiece is clamped on a turning clamp of an electric spindle of the lathe tool, a tool is clamped on a tool rest clamp, then the tool is driven to realize feed motion so as to achieve the purpose of turning the workpiece, and corresponding processing can be carried out on the lathe tool by using a drill bit, a reamer, a screw tap, a die, a knurling tool and the like.
The traditional lathe can only carry out the feed motion of XZ diaxon, can not realize the motion of Y axle direction, traditional lathe can only realize the feed motion of two directions on the horizontal plane through the tool rest anchor clamps promptly, can not realize the feed motion of vertical side, though some lathes have realized the feed motion of Y axle direction now, but all superpose on the basis of the XZ axle feed mechanism of original tool rest anchor clamps and design Y axle feed mechanism and realize three axial feed motion, this type of triaxial feeds the lathe's structure complicacy, high in production cost, area also can corresponding increase.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to overcome prior art not enough, provide a lathe electricity main shaft elevation structure, elevating system realizes the lift purpose of lathe main shaft, and then realizes the purpose that the three axial of lathe fed, and a plurality of sharp guider when realizing the sharp direction, have still improved structural rigidity and structural stability.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme:
a lathe electric spindle lifting structure comprises an electric spindle and an upright column arranged on a lathe, wherein the electric spindle transversely penetrates through the upright column, and a lifting mechanism and a driving assembly for driving the lifting mechanism to operate are arranged on the upright column; the lifting mechanism comprises a screw rod and a screw rod seat, the screw rod is vertically arranged on the stand column, the driving assembly is connected with the screw rod, the screw rod seat is fixedly connected with the electric spindle, the screw rod seat is in threaded connection with the screw rod, and a plurality of linear guide devices are arranged between the electric spindle and the stand column.
Further, the linear guide device comprises a guide rail and a guide block, the guide rail is vertically arranged on the side wall of the stand column and is parallel to the axis of the screw rod, a plurality of sliding plates are arranged on the electric spindle, the guide block is arranged on the sliding plates, and the guide block is connected with the guide rail.
Furthermore, the quantity of slide is 2, with the turning anchor clamps of electricity main shaft are located the side position of stand is the front side, with the main shaft brake disc of electricity main shaft is located the side position of stand is the rear side, 2 the slide is located respectively the front and back both sides of stand, sets up two slides on electricity main shaft, can improve connection stability between electricity main shaft and the stand.
Further, the quantity of sharp guider is 4, every the slide with all be equipped with 2 between the stand sharp guider, because 2 the slide is established both sides around the stand, 4 promptly sharp guider equipartition is in on the wall of the front and back both sides of stand, evenly distributed's 4 sharp guider when realizing sharp guide effect, still improved the structural rigidity and the structural connection stability of electricity main shaft and stand on being connected.
Furthermore, a fixed seat is arranged on the sliding plate positioned on the front side of the upright post, and the screw rod seat is fixedly installed on the fixed seat.
Furthermore, the upright post comprises a cross beam and two longitudinal posts, two ends of the cross beam are respectively arranged at the tops of the two longitudinal posts, the two longitudinal posts and the cross beam enable the upright post to form a gantry structure, the electric spindle is arranged between the two longitudinal posts, the linear guide devices are arranged on the front side wall and the rear side wall of each longitudinal post, and the upright post is in the shape of the gantry structure, so that the structural rigidity is ensured, the purpose of fully utilizing the space of the equipment can be realized, the occupied area is reduced, and the structure is more compact.
Furthermore, the driving assembly comprises a servo motor and a coupler, the coupler is installed on a cross beam at the top of the stand column, the lead screw penetrates through the cross beam to be connected with the coupler, and the servo motor is arranged at the top of the coupler and connected with the coupler.
Furthermore, the bottom of the upright post is provided with a base, the base is provided with a mounting seat, the top of the screw rod is connected with the coupler, and the bottom of the screw rod is rotatably mounted on the mounting seat.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that: through drive assembly's drive effect, the lead screw drives the screw rod seat operation that sets firmly on electric main shaft, the vertical guide effect of cooperation sharp guider, thereby realize the purpose of driving lathe electric main shaft lift, and then realize the purpose of the three axial of lathe feeding, design elevating system on gantry structure's stand, be favorable to saving equipment area, make compact structure, a plurality of sharp guider are when realizing sharp guide effect, still improved structure rigidity and the structural stability of electric main shaft and stand on being connected, servo motor passes through the shaft coupling and directly links to each other with the lead screw, positioning accuracy when electric main shaft goes up and down can be improved, utilize the screw thread auto-lock characteristic between lead screw and the screw rod seat, the graduation locking purpose of electric main shaft in the lift in-process has been realized.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings required to be used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a lathe electric spindle lifting structure according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the structure of FIG. 1 from another perspective;
fig. 3 is a schematic view of an internal structure of a lathe electric spindle lifting structure according to the present invention;
in the figure: 1. an electric spindle; 101. turning a clamp; 102. a main shaft brake disc; 103. a main shaft locking nut; 2. a column; 21. a cross beam; 22. a base; 23. a mounting seat; 24. a longitudinal column; 3. a screw rod; 4. a screw base; 5. a guide rail; 6. a guide block; 7. a slide plate; 8. a fixed seat; 9. a servo motor; 10. a coupling is provided.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely below, and it should be apparent that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, but not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
The following are specific embodiments of the present invention:
referring to fig. 1 to 3, a lathe electric spindle lifting structure includes an electric spindle 1 and a column 2 disposed on a lathe, the electric spindle 1 traverses the column 2, and the column 2 is provided with a lifting mechanism and a driving component for driving the lifting mechanism to operate; the lifting mechanism comprises a screw rod 3 and a screw rod seat 4, the screw rod 3 is vertically arranged on the stand column 2, the driving assembly is connected with the screw rod 3 to drive the screw rod 3 to operate, the screw rod seat 4 is fixedly connected with the electric spindle 1, the screw rod seat 4 is in threaded connection with the screw rod 3, and a plurality of linear guide devices are arranged between the electric spindle 1 and the stand column 2.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the linear guide device includes a guide rail 5 and a guide block 6, the guide rail 5 is vertically disposed on a side wall of the upright post 2 and is parallel to an axis of the screw rod 3, the electric spindle 1 is provided with a plurality of sliding plates 7, the guide block 6 is mounted on the sliding plates 7, the guide block 6 is movably connected with the guide rail 5, preferably, the number of the sliding plates 7 is 2, the turning clamp 101 of the electric spindle 1 is located on a side position of the upright post 2 as a front side, the spindle brake disc 102 of the electric spindle 1 is located on a side position of the upright post 2 as a rear side, the 2 sliding plates 7 are respectively located on front and rear sides of the upright post 2, the electric spindle 1 is provided with two sliding plates 7, which can improve connection stability, wherein the connection mode of the sliding plate 7 located on the front side of the upright post 2 and the electric spindle 1 can preferably adopt a screw fixation connection mode, the connection mode of the sliding plate 7 located on, but the preferred main shaft lock nut 103's on the electricity main shaft 1 screw thread locking mode that adopts, the reduction in production cost, as the further scheme of this embodiment, sharp guider's quantity is 4, all be equipped with 2 sharp guider between every slide 7 and the stand 2, because 2 slides are established in the front and back both sides of stand, therefore 4 sharp guider equipartitions are on the wall of stand 2 front and back both sides, 4 sharp guider of evenly distributed are when realizing sharp guide effect, still improved the structural rigidity and the structural connection stability of electricity main shaft and stand on being connected.
Referring to fig. 3, preferably, a fixing seat 8 is disposed on a sliding plate 7 located on the front side of the upright column 2, the screw rod seat 4 is fixedly mounted on the fixing seat 8, the fixing seat 8 is designed on the sliding plate 7, and then the screw rod seat 4 is fixedly mounted on the fixing seat 8, compared with the case that the screw rod seat 4 is directly mounted on the electric spindle 1, the production cost of improving the structure of the electric spindle 1 can be reduced, which is beneficial to enterprise production, of course, a corresponding fixing seat 8 can also be designed on the sliding plate 7 located on the rear side of the upright column 2, and the purpose of reducing the production cost of enterprises can also be achieved.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the upright column includes a cross beam 21 and two longitudinal columns 24, two ends of the cross beam 21 are respectively arranged at the tops of the two longitudinal columns 24, the two longitudinal columns 24 and the cross beam 21 enable the upright column 2 to form a gantry structure, the electric spindle 1 is arranged between the two longitudinal columns 24, and linear guide devices are arranged on the front side wall and the rear side wall of each longitudinal column 24, so that the upright column 2 in the shape of the gantry structure is formed, the purpose of fully utilizing the space of the equipment can be realized while the structural rigidity is ensured, the occupied area is reduced, and the structure is more compact.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the driving assembly comprises a servo motor 9 and a coupler 10, the coupler 10 is mounted on a cross beam 21 at the top of the upright post 2, the lead screw 3 penetrates through the cross beam 21 to be connected with the coupler 10, the servo motor 9 is arranged at the top of the coupler 10 and connected with the coupler 10, the servo motor 9 directly drives the lead screw 3 to operate through the coupler 10, the electric spindle 1 can be lifted, meanwhile, the positioning precision of the electric spindle 1 during lifting can be improved, the thread self-locking characteristic between the lead screw 3 and the lead screw seat 4 is utilized, and the indexing locking purpose of the electric spindle 1 in the lifting process is further achieved.
Referring to fig. 1, the bottom of the upright column 2 is provided with a base 22, the base 22 is provided with a mounting seat 23, the top of the screw rod 3 is connected with the coupler 10, and the bottom of the screw rod 3 is rotatably mounted on the mounting seat 23, so that the structural stability of the mounting of the screw rod 3 is improved.
When the electric spindle lifting device works, the purpose of controlling the lifting of the electric spindle 1 can be achieved only by combining production requirements and controlling the operation of the servo motor 9 under the rotary driving of the lifting mechanism and the vertical guiding action of the linear guiding device.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effect of this embodiment: through drive assembly's drive effect, the lead screw drives the screw rod seat operation that sets firmly on electric main shaft, the vertical guide effect of cooperation sharp guider, thereby realize the purpose of driving lathe electric main shaft lift, and then realize the purpose of the three axial of lathe feeding, design elevating system on gantry structure's stand, be favorable to saving equipment area, make compact structure, a plurality of sharp guider are when realizing sharp guide effect, still improved electric main shaft and stand structural rigidity and the structural connection stability on being connected, servo motor passes through the shaft coupling and directly links to each other with the lead screw, positioning accuracy when electric main shaft goes up and down can be improved, utilize the screw thread auto-lock characteristic between lead screw and the screw rod seat, the graduation locking purpose of electric main shaft in the lift in-process has been realized.
The above only is the embodiment of the present invention, not limiting the patent scope of the present invention, all of which utilize the equivalent structure or equivalent flow transformation made by the content of the specification of the present invention, or directly or indirectly applied to other related technical fields, all included in the same way in the patent protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. A lathe electric spindle lifting structure comprises an electric spindle and an upright column arranged on a lathe, and is characterized in that the electric spindle transversely penetrates through the upright column, and a lifting mechanism and a driving assembly for driving the lifting mechanism to operate are arranged on the upright column; the lifting mechanism comprises a screw rod and a screw rod seat, the screw rod is vertically arranged on the stand column, the driving assembly is connected with the screw rod, the screw rod seat is fixedly connected with the electric spindle, the screw rod seat is in threaded connection with the screw rod, and a plurality of linear guide devices are arranged between the electric spindle and the stand column.
2. The lathe electric spindle lifting structure according to claim 1, wherein the linear guide device comprises a guide rail and a guide block, the guide rail is vertically arranged on the side wall of the upright and is parallel to the axis of the screw rod, a plurality of sliding plates are arranged on the electric spindle, the guide block is arranged on the sliding plates, and the guide block is connected with the guide rail.
3. The elevation structure of an electric spindle of a lathe according to claim 2, wherein the number of the slide plates is 2, the turning jig of the electric spindle is positioned on the side of the column as the front side, the spindle brake disc of the electric spindle is positioned on the side of the column as the rear side, and the 2 slide plates are respectively positioned on the front and rear sides of the column.
4. A lathe electric spindle lifting structure according to claim 3, wherein the number of the linear guide devices is 4, and 2 linear guide devices are provided between each slide plate and the column.
5. A lathe electric spindle lifting structure according to claim 3 or 4, characterized in that a fixed seat is arranged on the sliding plate at the front side of the upright, and the screw rod seat is fixedly arranged on the fixed seat.
6. The lathe electric spindle lifting structure according to claim 1, wherein the upright comprises a cross beam and two longitudinal columns, two ends of the cross beam are respectively arranged on the tops of the two longitudinal columns, and the electric spindle is arranged between the two longitudinal columns.
7. The lathe electric spindle lifting structure according to claim 6, wherein the driving assembly comprises a servo motor and a coupler, the coupler is mounted on a cross beam at the top of the upright, the lead screw penetrates through the cross beam to be connected with the coupler, and the servo motor is arranged at the top of the coupler and connected with the coupler.
8. The lathe electric spindle lifting structure according to claim 7, wherein a base is arranged at the bottom of the upright, a mounting seat is arranged on the base, the top of the screw rod is connected with the coupler, and the bottom of the screw rod is rotatably mounted on the mounting seat.
CN201921108551.4U 2019-07-15 2019-07-15 Lathe electric spindle lifting structure Expired - Fee Related CN210731653U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921108551.4U CN210731653U (en) 2019-07-15 2019-07-15 Lathe electric spindle lifting structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921108551.4U CN210731653U (en) 2019-07-15 2019-07-15 Lathe electric spindle lifting structure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210731653U true CN210731653U (en) 2020-06-12

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ID=70988846

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921108551.4U Expired - Fee Related CN210731653U (en) 2019-07-15 2019-07-15 Lathe electric spindle lifting structure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210731653U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110281039A (en) * 2019-07-15 2019-09-27 广州市高品机床有限公司 A kind of electric spindle of lathe lifting structure

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110281039A (en) * 2019-07-15 2019-09-27 广州市高品机床有限公司 A kind of electric spindle of lathe lifting structure

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20200612

Termination date: 20210715

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee