CN210695039U - Organic fertilizer straw raw material crushing device - Google Patents

Organic fertilizer straw raw material crushing device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN210695039U
CN210695039U CN201921163680.3U CN201921163680U CN210695039U CN 210695039 U CN210695039 U CN 210695039U CN 201921163680 U CN201921163680 U CN 201921163680U CN 210695039 U CN210695039 U CN 210695039U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
chamber
block
crushing
extrusion
inductor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201921163680.3U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
罗汉平
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wuhan Xinluyuan Biological Fertilizer Co ltd
Original Assignee
Wuhan Xinluyuan Biological Fertilizer Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Wuhan Xinluyuan Biological Fertilizer Co ltd filed Critical Wuhan Xinluyuan Biological Fertilizer Co ltd
Priority to CN201921163680.3U priority Critical patent/CN210695039U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN210695039U publication Critical patent/CN210695039U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model discloses an organic fertilizer straw raw material crushing device, which comprises a feed inlet, wherein the feed inlet is connected with a crushing chamber, the upper side of the crushing chamber is connected with a lifting chamber, a first electric cylinder, a fixed plate and a rotating motor, the rotating motor is connected with a rotating shaft and a crushing blade, a knife holder, a protective cover and a chip breaking blade are arranged beside the rotating shaft, the bottom of the crushing chamber is provided with a screen, the lower side of the crushing chamber is connected with a squeezing chamber, the squeezing chamber is provided with a squeezing mechanism, a squeezing block, a chip scraping block, a chip blocking block, a right-angle hinge, a first spring, a groove, a first discharge port, a first inductor, a second inductor, a chip blocking block and a baffle, the baffle is connected with a pushing block, a second electric cylinder and a mounting plate, the output end of the first discharge port is connected with a conveying chamber, a third inductor and an L-shaped conveying block are arranged in, the conveying chamber is internally connected with a stop block and is connected with a second discharge hole.

Description

Organic fertilizer straw raw material crushing device
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the reducing mechanism field, concretely relates to organic fertilizer straw raw materials reducing mechanism.
Background
In recent years, crop straws become a new source of non-point source pollution in rural areas. In summer and autumn and winter every year, a large amount of straws of wheat, corn and the like are incinerated in the field, a large amount of dense smoke is generated, and the straw incineration method not only becomes a bottleneck problem of rural environment protection, but also even becomes a chief culprit of compromising urban environment. According to relevant statistics, as a big agricultural country, China can generate more than 7 hundred million tons of straws every year, and the straws become wastes which are not used much but need to be disposed. Under the condition, the straw raw materials are completely treated by farmers, a phenomenon of large-scale incineration occurs, resources are wasted, and the environment is polluted, so that the resource feedback of the straw raw materials as organic fertilizers becomes a good solution, but the straw raw materials need to be subjected to corresponding treatment such as crushing processing and the like during utilization, and the use of a crushing device is involved.
The common organic fertilizer straw raw material crushing device finishes work only by crushing straws, but the crushed straws are scattered and splashed, and are difficult to collect, and the scattered powdery straws in the air are easy to be inhaled into respiratory tracts by related operators, so that the health of the body is affected; in addition, in the operation process of the crushing device, the problem that straws are not completely crushed and are wound on the rotating shaft exists, the service life of the device is seriously influenced by excessive winding, and the economic cost is increased; there is also a problem in that the powdered straw is difficult to collect and transport, and it is more likely to cause a hazard to the health of the collector when collecting the powdered straw.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
To the problem that the above-mentioned background art provided, the utility model aims at: aims to provide a straw raw material crushing device for organic fertilizer. In order to realize the technical purpose, the utility model discloses a technical scheme as follows:
an organic fertilizer straw raw material crushing device comprises a feed inlet, wherein the feed inlet is connected with a crushing chamber, the upper side of the crushing chamber is connected with a lifting chamber, two first electric cylinders are installed in the lifting chamber, the two first electric cylinders are connected with a fixing plate, the fixing plate is connected with a rotating motor, the rotating motor is connected with a rotating shaft, the rotating shaft is connected with a crushing blade, a cutter holder is arranged beside the rotating shaft, a cutter holder pin is fixed on the crushing chamber, the cutter holder is provided with a protective cover, the protective cover is hinged to the crushing chamber, the cutter holder is connected with a chip breaking blade, the bottom of the crushing chamber is provided with a screen, the lower side of the crushing chamber is connected with a squeezing chamber, the squeezing chamber is provided with a squeezing mechanism, the squeezing mechanism is connected with a squeezing block, a chip scraping block and a chip blocking block are arranged, the right-angle hinge at the lower end of the scrap blocking block is in threaded connection with the scrap blocking block, the scrap blocking block is connected with a first spring, a groove is formed in the scrap blocking block in size matching mode, a first discharge port is formed in the extrusion chamber, a first sensor and a second sensor are arranged in the extrusion chamber, the scrap blocking block is matched at the position of the second sensor, the first sensor is matched at the position of the first discharge port, a baffle is arranged in the first discharge port and is connected with a push block, the push block is connected with a second electric cylinder, the second electric cylinder is connected with a mounting plate, the mounting plate is connected to the extrusion chamber, the output end of the first discharge port is connected with a conveying chamber, a third sensor and an L-shaped conveying block are arranged in the conveying chamber, the L-shaped conveying block is connected with a second spring, the second spring is connected with a third electric cylinder, and a blocking block is, the conveying chamber is connected with a second discharge hole.
Further limit, crushing blade has four, and such design is smashed effectually, smashes efficiently.
Further, the contact position of the extrusion block and the right-angle hinge is subjected to fillet treatment, and the design reduces impact force when the extrusion block and the right-angle hinge are in contact with each other.
Further, the thickness of the two right-angle hinges is not more than 1mm, and the design has smaller resistance to the extrusion block.
Further inject, first inductor and second inductor are pressure sensor, and such design, the response effect is better, is difficult for taking place the misinduction.
Adopt the beneficial effects of the utility model:
1. by adopting the structural design of the utility model, the crushed straws are blocky when discharged, do not splash all around, and are easy to collect and transport;
2. by adopting the structural design of the utility model, the crushed straws are blocky when discharged, do not splash all around, are not easy to mix in the air, are not easy to call into the respiratory tract of an operator to harm the health of the operator, and have strong safety;
3. due to the installation of the cutter holder and the chip breaking blade, residual chips accumulated on the rotating shaft are effectively removed, the normal operation of the transmission shaft is ensured, the service life of the transmission shaft is prolonged, and the economic cost is saved.
Drawings
The present invention can be further illustrated by the non-limiting examples given in the accompanying drawings;
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of an embodiment of an organic fertilizer straw raw material crushing device of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a front view of an embodiment of the organic fertilizer straw raw material crushing device of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic left-side view of the embodiment of the straw raw material crushing device for organic fertilizer of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of the structure at A in FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of the structure at B in FIG. 2;
the main element symbols are as follows:
the device comprises a feeding port 1, a crushing chamber 2, a lifting chamber 3, a first electric cylinder 4, a fixing plate 5, a rotating motor 6, a rotating shaft 7, a crushing blade 8, a tool apron 9, a protective cover 10, a chip breaking blade 11, a screen 12, an extrusion chamber 13, an extrusion mechanism 14, an extrusion block 15, a chip scraping block 16, a chip blocking block 17, a right-angle hinge 18, a first spring 19, a groove 20, a first discharging port 21, a first inductor 22, a second inductor 23, a baffle plate 24, a pushing block 25, a second electric cylinder 26, a mounting plate 27, a conveying chamber 28, an L-shaped conveying block 29, a second spring 30, a third electric cylinder 31, a blocking block 32, a second discharging port 33 and a third inductor 34.
Detailed Description
In order to make the present invention better understood by those skilled in the art, the technical solutions of the present invention are further described below with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
As shown in fig. 1, fig. 2, fig. 3, fig. 4, and fig. 5, the organic fertilizer straw raw material crushing device of the present invention comprises a feed inlet 1, the feed inlet 1 is connected with a crushing chamber 2, the upper side of the crushing chamber 2 is connected with a lifting chamber 3, two first electric cylinders 4 are installed in the lifting chamber 3, the two first electric cylinders 4 are connected with a fixing plate 5, the fixing plate 5 is connected with a rotating motor 6, the rotating motor 6 is connected with a rotating shaft 7, the rotating shaft 7 is connected with a crushing blade 8, a blade holder 9 is arranged beside the rotating shaft 7, the blade holder 9 is fixed to the crushing chamber 2 by a pin, the blade holder 9 is provided with a protective cover 10, the protective cover 10 is hinged to the crushing chamber 2, the blade holder 9 is connected with a chip breaking blade 11, the bottom of the crushing chamber 2 is provided with a screen 12, the lower side of the crushing chamber 2 is connected with a squeezing chamber 13, two right-angle hinges 18 are arranged at the upper end and the lower end of a scrap blocking block 17 in a matching manner, the right-angle hinges 18 at the lower end of the scrap blocking block 17 are in threaded connection with the scrap blocking block 17, the scrap blocking block 17 is connected with a first spring 19, a groove 20 is arranged in a size matching manner on the scrap blocking block 17, a first discharge hole 21 is arranged in a squeezing chamber 13, a first inductor 22 and a second inductor 23 are arranged in the squeezing chamber 13, the position of the second inductor 23 is matched with the scrap blocking block 15, the position of the first inductor 22 is matched with the first discharge hole 21, a baffle 24 is arranged in the first discharge hole 21, the baffle 24 is connected with a push block 25, the push block 25 is connected with a second electric cylinder 26, the second electric cylinder 26 is connected with a mounting plate 27, the mounting plate 27 is connected with the squeezing chamber 13, the output end of the first discharge hole 21 is connected with a conveying chamber 28, a third inductor 34 and an L-shaped conveying block 29 are arranged in the, the conveying chamber 28 is connected with a block 32, and the conveying chamber 28 is connected with a second discharge port 33.
In the embodiment, when the organic fertilizer straw raw material crushing device is used, straw raw materials are put into the feeding hole 1, the straws enter the crushing chamber 2, the rotating motor 6 is controlled to operate, the rotating motor 6 drives the rotating shaft 7 to drive the crushing blade 8 to crush the straws, the first electric cylinder 4 is controlled to move up and down the fixed plate 5, so that the rotating motor 6 is driven to move up and down, and in the process of moving up and down the rotating motor 6, the chip breaking blade 11 on the cutter holder 9 fixed by a pin in the protective cover 10 cleans chips on the rotating shaft 7, so that the normal operation of the rotating shaft 7 is ensured; when the straws in the crushing chamber 2 are crushed to be capable of passing through the screen 12, the powdery straws enter the extrusion chamber 13, when the powdery straws in the extrusion chamber 13 are accumulated to a certain degree, under the influence of space, the powdery straws push the scrap blocking block 17 arranged in the extrusion chamber 13, when the scrap blocking block 17 is forced to move backwards to be in contact with the second inductor 23, the extrusion mechanism 14 pushes the extrusion block 15 to move forwards, the extrusion block 15 is completely pressed into the groove 20 and then continues to move forwards until being in contact with the first inductor 22, when the scrap blocking block 17 is in contact with the first inductor 22, the powdery straws are extruded into a block shape under the influence of the space of the extrusion chamber 13, meanwhile, because the first inductor 22 senses the extrusion block 15, the second electric cylinder 26 drives the push block 25 to drive the baffle plate 24 to move backwards, the extruded block-shaped straws flow into the inclined L-shaped conveying block 29 arranged in the conveying chamber 28 from the first discharge hole 21, meanwhile, as the first sensor 22 senses the extrusion block 15, the extrusion mechanism 14 drives the extrusion block 15 to return to the original point, in the return process, the scrap scraping block 16 cleans the powdery straws on the extrusion block 15, when the extrusion block 15 returns to the original position and passes through the scrap blocking block 17, the scrap blocking block 17 returns to the original position under the influence of the first spring 19, and when the second sensor 23 is set as the extrusion block 15 and does not return to the original point, no sensing effect is achieved, and the next round of powdery straw collection is carried out; when the blocky straws flow into the L-shaped conveying block 29 arranged in the conveying chamber 28 from the first discharge port 21, under the influence of the effect of the third inductor 34, the third electric cylinder 31 pushes the L-shaped conveying block 29 to move forwards to push the blocky straws out of the second discharge port, so that the blocky straws are collected, the blocky straws automatically return after the third electric cylinder 31 reaches the extreme position, and in the returning process, the L-shaped conveying block 29 tilts again under the influence of the stop block 32 and the second spring 30, so that the blocky straws are conveniently received.
Preferably, the crushing blades 8 have four blocks, so that the crushing effect is good, the crushing efficiency is high, and actually, the number of the blocks can be considered according to specific conditions.
Preferably, the contact position of the extrusion block 15 and the right-angle hinge 18 is rounded to reduce the impact force when the two contact, and actually, the size of the round angle can be considered according to specific conditions.
Preferably, the two right angle hinges 18 do not exceed 1mm in thickness, providing less resistance to the extrusion block 14, and in fact, the thickness may be considered as appropriate.
Preferably, the first sensor 22 and the second sensor 23 are pressure sensors, so that the sensing effect is better, and the false sensing is not easy to occur.
The above embodiments are merely illustrative of the principles and effects of the present invention, and are not to be construed as limiting the invention. Modifications and variations can be made to the above-described embodiments by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. Accordingly, it is intended that all equivalent modifications or changes which may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and technical spirit of the present invention be covered by the claims of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides an organic fertilizer straw raw materials reducing mechanism, includes feed inlet (1), its characterized in that: the feed inlet (1) is connected with a crushing chamber (2), the upside of the crushing chamber (2) is connected with a lifting chamber (3), two first electric cylinders (4) are installed in the lifting chamber (3), two first electric cylinders (4) are connected with a fixing plate (5), the fixing plate (5) is connected with a rotating motor (6), the rotating motor (6) is connected with a rotating shaft (7), the rotating shaft (7) is connected with a crushing blade (8), a blade holder (9) is arranged beside the rotating shaft (7), the blade holder (9) is fixed on the crushing chamber (2), the blade holder (9) is configured with a protective cover (10), the protective cover (10) is hinged to the crushing chamber (2), the blade holder (9) is connected with a chip breaking blade (11), the bottom of the crushing chamber (2) is provided with a screen (12), and the downside of the crushing chamber (2) is connected with a squeezing chamber (, the scrap-removing device is characterized in that an extrusion mechanism (14) is configured in the extrusion chamber (13), the extrusion mechanism (14) is connected with an extrusion block (15), a scrap scraping block (16) and a scrap blocking block (17) are arranged in the extrusion chamber (13), two right-angle hinges (18) are arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the scrap blocking block (17) in a matched mode, the right-angle hinges (18) at the lower end of the scrap blocking block (17) are in threaded connection with the scrap blocking block (17), the scrap blocking block (17) is connected with a first spring (19), a groove (20) is formed in the scrap blocking block (17) in a matched mode, a first discharge hole (21) is formed in the extrusion chamber (13), a first inductor (22) and a second inductor (23) are arranged in the extrusion chamber (13), the scrap blocking block (17) is matched with the position of the second inductor (23), the first inductor (22) is matched with the first discharge hole (21), and a baffle (24) is, baffle (24) are connected with ejector pad (25), ejector pad (25) are connected with second electric cylinder (26), second electric cylinder (26) are connected with mounting panel (27), mounting panel (27) are connected in extrusion room (13), first discharge gate (21) output is connected with transport chamber (28), install third inductor (34) and L type transport piece (29) in transport chamber (28), L type transport piece (29) are connected with second spring (30), second spring (30) are connected with third electric cylinder (31), it has resistance piece (32) to carry chamber (28) in-connection, it is connected with second discharge gate (33) to carry chamber (28).
2. The organic fertilizer straw raw material smashing device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that: the crushing blades (8) are four.
3. The organic fertilizer straw raw material smashing device according to claim 2, which is characterized in that: and the contact part of the extrusion block (15) and the right-angle hinge (18) is subjected to fillet treatment.
4. The organic fertilizer straw raw material smashing device according to claim 3, wherein: the thickness of the two right-angle hinges (18) is not more than 1 mm.
5. The organic fertilizer straw raw material smashing device according to claim 4, which is characterized in that: the first sensor (22) and the second sensor (23) are both pressure sensors.
CN201921163680.3U 2019-07-23 2019-07-23 Organic fertilizer straw raw material crushing device Active CN210695039U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921163680.3U CN210695039U (en) 2019-07-23 2019-07-23 Organic fertilizer straw raw material crushing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921163680.3U CN210695039U (en) 2019-07-23 2019-07-23 Organic fertilizer straw raw material crushing device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210695039U true CN210695039U (en) 2020-06-09

Family

ID=70923089

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921163680.3U Active CN210695039U (en) 2019-07-23 2019-07-23 Organic fertilizer straw raw material crushing device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210695039U (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102921703B (en) Kitchen garbage pre-treatment technology and system thereof
CN109127032A (en) A kind of shredder and its application method
CN204894287U (en) Recovery unit is smashed to waste material of moulding plastics
CN111744620A (en) Garbage crushing treatment device for environmental protection
CN211716570U (en) Solid waste treatment system
CN210695039U (en) Organic fertilizer straw raw material crushing device
CN210752902U (en) Crusher for garbage disposal
CN105128185A (en) Recycling system for industrial plastic waste
CN209920318U (en) Electronic waste rubbing crusher that security performance is high
CN206139292U (en) A reducing mechanism for urban garbage disposal
CN201077133Y (en) Rapidly baiting and dust cleaning apparatus for waste and old plastics
CN210994518U (en) Building rubbish breaker
CN205361559U (en) Waste classification processor
CN211137764U (en) A cut grain device with high efficiency for plastic grain production
CN211482045U (en) Straw recovery device
CN211385234U (en) Environment-friendly garbage disposal device
CN205032244U (en) Kitchen rubbish rubbing crusher
CN216574817U (en) Effective ash removal's useless innocent resource recovery device admittedly
CN216727443U (en) Large waste crusher is used in processing of living beings granule
CN107891554A (en) A kind of automatic bulk cargo pulverizer
CN211563178U (en) Solid garbage compression treatment device
CN213133412U (en) Reducing mechanism's dust keeper is used in ceramic manufacture processing
CN214974354U (en) Effectual building rubbish reducing mechanism of environmental protection
CN210850539U (en) Waste cleaning device for paper cutter
CN215113379U (en) Cooling dust collector that feed processing used

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant