CN210694948U - Potato digging and gathering machine - Google Patents

Potato digging and gathering machine Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN210694948U
CN210694948U CN201920999541.8U CN201920999541U CN210694948U CN 210694948 U CN210694948 U CN 210694948U CN 201920999541 U CN201920999541 U CN 201920999541U CN 210694948 U CN210694948 U CN 210694948U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
potato
digging
shaking
potatoes
soil
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201920999541.8U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
闫小丽
杜荣飞
张帅
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Northwest A&F University
Original Assignee
Northwest A&F University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Northwest A&F University filed Critical Northwest A&F University
Priority to CN201920999541.8U priority Critical patent/CN210694948U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN210694948U publication Critical patent/CN210694948U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of agricultural machine, concretely relates to potato digs and gathers potato machine, including frame, excavating gear, conveyer, collection device. In the utility model, the digging shovel in the digging device excavates the potatoes, and the soil cutting disc cuts soil in the field to prevent weeds from winding and play a role in depth limiting; a shaking chain wheel in the transmission device drives a shaking chain connecting rod to separate and transmit potato and soil; the potato gathering plate in the collecting device mainly plays a role in gathering and guiding the harvested potatoes, the ditching disc is mainly used for digging a ditch in the loosened soil after digging by the digging shovel, the potato conveyed by the shaking chain connecting rod driven by the shaking chain wheel is collected in the ditch through the guiding effect of the potato gathering plate, and the problem that the harvested potatoes fall into different positions after digging to block the harvesting of another row of potatoes is avoided. Compared with the prior art, the utility model discloses excavate and gather the potato to the potato, its work efficiency of very big improvement.

Description

Potato digging and gathering machine
Technical Field
The utility model relates to the technical field of agricultural machinery, concretely relates to potato digger gathers potato machine.
Background
The potato is one of four grain crops in China, has dual purposes of grain and vegetable, has wide planting area and gradually improves the planting area. With the development of urbanization, a large amount of rural population is introduced into cities every year, the number of rural labor force is reduced year by year, people have higher and higher requirements on potato harvesting machines, the potato production in China basically realizes mechanized operation in the links of land preparation and planting, but the mechanized level in the harvesting link is not high, the potatoes are seriously damaged in the mechanical harvesting process, huge economic loss is caused, and the development of the potato industry is seriously restricted.
Therefore, the selection of a reasonable potato harvester is crucial, and the mechanized harvesting level of the potatoes in China is still in the development stage. At present, the existing potato harvesting machines in China are various in types, but the potato harvesting machines are insufficient in some aspects, most of the potato harvesting machines need manual operation, and the potato harvesting machine is time-consuming, labor-consuming and low in efficiency. And the damage rate of the potatoes in the digging process is higher.
Most of the potato harvesters at present only carry out digging operation and manually pick up the potatoes. However, due to the fact that the potatoes fall to different positions after being dug, harvesting of another row of potatoes is hindered, efficiency is greatly reduced, and some suggestions and measures are provided for the phenomenon, but the effect is not very remarkable. The potato digging and gathering machine effectively solves the problem, and by means of the device, harvesting efficiency of potatoes can be greatly improved in a potato digging process, and income of farmers is improved.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model aims to solve the technical problem that the difference to digging the position that drops after the in-process potato is excavated obstructs the results of another line of potato, very big reduction this problem of efficiency provide a simple structure, can effectively improve a potato excavation and gather potato machine of potato results efficiency.
The utility model adopts the technical scheme that the potato digging and gathering machine comprises a frame (1), a digging device, a conveying device and a collecting device. The excavating device comprises an excavating shovel (2) and a soil cutting disc (3); the digging shovel (2) is connected with the frame (1), the digging shovel (2) penetrates into the soil deeply under the traction action of a tractor, and potatoes and loose soil are conveyed to the shaking chain connecting rod (9); the soil cutting disc (3) is connected with the frame (1) and plays a role in depth limiting and winding prevention in the operation process of the tractor.
The conveying device comprises a shaking chain wheel (4), a chain transmission protective cover (5), a shaking chain connecting rod (9), a speed reducer (10), a V belt (11) and a V belt transmission protective cover (12); the speed reducer (10) is connected with the rack (1), the power output of the tractor is transmitted to the speed reducer (10) firstly, the speed reducer (10) transmits the power output to the V belt (11), the V belt (11) drives the shaking chain wheel (4) to rotate, the shaking chain wheel (4) drives the shaking chain connecting rod (9) to move, and the shaking chain connecting rod (9) drives the potatoes to move; the chain transmission protective cover (5) mainly plays a role in protecting the shaking chain wheel (4) and the small chain wheel, and the V-belt transmission protective cover (12) mainly plays a role in protecting the V belt (11).
The collecting device comprises a potato collecting plate (7) and a ditching disc (8); the potato gathering plate (7) is connected with the rack (1), and the ditching disc (8) is connected with the potato gathering plate (7); the potato gathering plate (7) mainly prevents potatoes moving to the tail end of the shaking chain connecting rod (9) from falling to different positions and has a guiding effect on the potatoes; the ditching disc (8) is mainly used for digging a ditch on the loosened soil excavated by the excavating shovel (2) so that potatoes conveyed by the shaking chain connecting rod (9) driven by the shaking chain wheel (4) are collected in the ditch under the guiding action of the potato collecting plate (7).
The utility model discloses an useful part is: the utility model provides a pair of potato is excavated and is gathered potato machine to excavation results of potato, when the tractor traveles to potato planting district top, digger blade (2) digs into the soil deeply under the tractor traction, transport on shake chain connecting rod (9) with the potato with loosening the soil, shake sprocket (4) and drive shake chain connecting rod (9) motion, shake the motion that chain connecting rod (9) drove the potato, the soil loosens and constantly drops at the in-process of motion, the potato moves to the end of shake chain connecting rod (9), drop under the effect of gathering potato board (7) in the good ditch of ditching disc (8), the harvest efficiency of very big improvement potato, improve peasant's income.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a potato digging and gathering machine in the practice of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of an excavating device of a potato excavating and gathering machine in the implementation of the utility model;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a conveying device of a potato digging and gathering machine in the implementation of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a conveying device of a potato digging and gathering machine in the implementation of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of a collecting device of the potato digging and gathering machine in the implementation of the utility model.
A description of the reference numerals;
1-a frame; 2-digging shovel; 3-cutting a soil disc; 4-a wobble sprocket; 5-chain transmission protection covers; 6-vehicle wheels; 7-potato polymerizing plate; 8-ditching disc; 9-a dithering chain connecting rod; 10-a reducer; 11-V band; 12-V belt drive protective cover.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Referring to fig. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5, the potato digging and gathering machine comprises a frame 1, a digging shovel 2, a soil cutting disc 3, a shaking chain wheel 4, a chain transmission protective cover 5, wheels 6, a potato gathering plate 7, a ditching disc 8, a shaking chain connecting rod 9, a speed reducer 10, a V belt 11 and a V belt transmission protective cover 12.
During operation, the ditching disc 8 is mainly used for digging a ditch on the loosened soil after the digging shovel 2 digs so that the potatoes conveyed by the shaking chain connecting rod 9 driven by the shaking chain wheel 4 are collected in the ditch under the guiding action of the potato gathering plate 7, and the problem that the potatoes fall into different positions after digging to block the harvesting of another row of potatoes is avoided.
The working process is as follows: the potato digging and gathering machine operates under the traction of a tractor. When the tractor went to potato planting district top, digger blade 2 digs deeply into soil under the tractor traction effect, transport the potato with loosen the soil on shake chain connecting rod 9, shake sprocket 4 and drive the motion of shake chain connecting rod 9, shake chain connecting rod 9 and drive the motion of potato, loosen the soil and constantly drop at the in-process of motion, the potato moves to the end of shake chain connecting rod 9, drops under the effect of gathering potato board 7 in the ditch that ditching disc 8 was opened.

Claims (1)

1. A potato digging and gathering machine is characterized in that: comprises a frame (1), an excavating device, a conveying device and a collecting device; the excavating device comprises an excavating shovel (2) and a soil cutting disc (3), wherein the excavating shovel (2) is connected with the rack (1), and the soil cutting disc (3) is connected with the rack (1); the conveying device comprises a shaking chain wheel (4), a chain transmission protective cover (5), a shaking chain connecting rod (9), a speed reducer (10), a V belt (11) and a V belt transmission protective cover (12), wherein the speed reducer (10) is connected with the rack (1), the power output of the tractor is transmitted to the speed reducer (10) firstly, the speed reducer (10) transmits the power output to the V belt (11), the V belt (11) drives the shaking chain wheel (4) to rotate, the shaking chain wheel (4) drives the shaking chain connecting rod (9) to move, the shaking chain connecting rod (9) drives potatoes to move, the chain transmission protective cover (5) mainly plays a role in protecting the shaking chain wheel (4) and a small chain wheel, and the V belt transmission protective cover (12) mainly plays a role in protecting the V belt (11); the collecting device comprises a potato gathering plate (7) and a ditching disc (8), the potato gathering plate (7) is connected with the rack (1), and the ditching disc (8) is connected with the potato gathering plate (7).
CN201920999541.8U 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 Potato digging and gathering machine Active CN210694948U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920999541.8U CN210694948U (en) 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 Potato digging and gathering machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920999541.8U CN210694948U (en) 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 Potato digging and gathering machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210694948U true CN210694948U (en) 2020-06-09

Family

ID=70938698

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920999541.8U Active CN210694948U (en) 2019-06-30 2019-06-30 Potato digging and gathering machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210694948U (en)

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN202603209U (en) Pull-type twin-row potato harvester
CN102783302B (en) Self walking type garlic combine harvester
CN201230470Y (en) Peanut indirect harvester
CN104396424B (en) Self-propelled duplicate rows carrot combined harvester
WO2021092982A1 (en) Compact potato combine harvester
CN111194605A (en) Lily harvester
CN204408945U (en) Self-propelled duplicate rows carrot combined harvester
CN204180488U (en) Underground corps is sowed, apply fertilizer, spray insecticide, results power drive car
CN103918395B (en) A kind of carrot cuts tassel reaping machine
CN210537461U (en) Sweet potato stem leaf harvester
CN201595006U (en) Tuberiferous plant harvesting machine
CN204929635U (en) Garlic combined harvester
CN204335346U (en) A kind of potato harvester
CN105612903A (en) Chinese artichoke stalk-breaking harvester
CN210694948U (en) Potato digging and gathering machine
CN202697236U (en) Self-propelled garlic combine harvester
CN204392851U (en) The self-propelled carrot combined harvester of duplicate rows
CN205266227U (en) Harvester is spread to carrot strip
CN204180536U (en) The hydraulic pressure power-driven system of preposition driving harvester for peanut
CN204408944U (en) Toothed roller type carrot removes native device
CN203226027U (en) All-cleaning combined harvester for root and stem crops
CN101911882B (en) Sweet potato harvesting method and harvester
CN204425995U (en) Self-propelled potato combine
CN212910799U (en) Anti-winding shake formula onion excavator
CN201323758Y (en) Lilyturf root reaper

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant