CN210663721U - Grain storage uses high-efficient desiccator - Google Patents

Grain storage uses high-efficient desiccator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210663721U
CN210663721U CN201920709344.8U CN201920709344U CN210663721U CN 210663721 U CN210663721 U CN 210663721U CN 201920709344 U CN201920709344 U CN 201920709344U CN 210663721 U CN210663721 U CN 210663721U
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bin
pipe
storage
air inlet
storage bin
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CN201920709344.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蒋红太
陆红明
蒋兰红
黄蒋华
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Jiangsu Gutai Food Machinery Technology Co ltd
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Jiangsu Gutai Food Machinery Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a high-efficiency dryer for grain storage, which comprises a storage bin, wherein the top of the storage bin is provided with a feed inlet and a stirring device, and the bottom of the storage bin is provided with a discharge port and a plurality of support legs; the device comprises a storage bin, a heat insulation bin, a plurality of ventilation openings, a pipe bin, an air inlet pipe and an air outlet pipe, wherein the heat insulation bin is arranged on the periphery of the storage bin, a plurality of ventilation openings are formed in the bottom plate and the side wall of the storage bin, the pipe bin is arranged outside the heat insulation bin, the air inlet pipe and the air outlet pipe are arranged inside the pipe bin in a staggered mode, an induced draft fan, a heating device and a dust remover are arranged outside the bin body of the pipe bin, the air outlet of the induced draft fan is communicated with the top of the air inlet pipe, the air inlet end of the heating device is communicated with the bottom of the air inlet pipe, the air outlet end of the heating device is communicated with the bottom of the; the utility model discloses can be effectual carry out drying process to grain, and can effectively utilize exhaust air current waste heat, reduced energy resource consumption.

Description

Grain storage uses high-efficient desiccator
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a grain storage uses high efficiency dryer belongs to desiccator technical field.
Background
Since this century, with the progress of science and technology and the development of the grain market in recent years, the national agriculturals and measures have been gradually developed and implemented, the grain price has been gradually increased, and the mechanized operation of grain production has been rapidly developed; because of the reduction of rural labor force, the restriction of sunning ground factors and the transformation of grain harvesting modes, new grains sold by farmers are often high in moisture content and cannot be stored for a short time or stored for a long time, and therefore, the use of a dryer for drying grains is very important; however, when the existing drying machine is used for drying grain, the energy consumption is large, and the waste is caused.
Disclosure of Invention
For solving the not enough of prior art, the utility model provides a grain is high efficiency dryer for storage can effectually carry out drying process to grain, and can effectively utilize exhaust air current waste heat, has reduced energy resource consumption.
The utility model discloses the technical scheme who adopts does:
a high-efficiency dryer for grain storage comprises a storage bin, wherein a feed inlet is formed in the top of the storage bin, a stirring device extending into the storage bin is arranged at the center of the top of the storage bin, a plurality of support legs are arranged at the bottom of the storage bin, and a discharge outlet is formed at the center of the bottom of the storage bin; the periphery of the storage bin is provided with a heat insulation bin, a plurality of ventilation openings are formed on the bottom plate and the side wall of the storage bin, a pipe bin is arranged outside the heat insulation bin, a first support plate is arranged above the outer side wall of the pipe bin, a second support plate and a third support plate are respectively arranged on two sides below the outer side wall of the pipe bin, an air inlet pipe and an air outlet pipe are arranged inside the pipe bin in a staggered mode around the heat insulation bin, an induced draft fan is arranged on the first support plate, an air outlet of the induced draft fan is communicated with a top connector of the air inlet pipe, a heating device is arranged on the second support plate, an air inlet end of the heating device is communicated with a bottom connector of the air inlet pipe, an air outlet end of the heating device is connected with a hot air pipe, the hot, the top of the storage bin is also provided with a connecting pipe which is communicated with a top interface of the air outlet pipe, the support plate III is provided with a dust remover, and the air inlet end of the dust remover is communicated with a bottom interface of the air outlet pipe.
Preferably, a temperature sensor and a humidity sensor are further arranged in the storage bin.
Further preferably, the joints of the air inlet pipes and the air outlet pipes which are arranged in the pipe bin in a staggered mode are coated with heat conducting materials.
Further preferably, a filter screen is further arranged at the air vent.
Further preferably, a dryer is arranged at the air inlet end of the induced draft fan.
Further preferably, the dryer further comprises a controller, and the stirring device, the induced draft fan, the heating device, the temperature sensor and the humidity sensor are electrically connected with the controller.
Preferably, a cold air pipe is arranged between the bottom of the air inlet pipe and the hot air pipe, and an electromagnetic valve is further arranged on the cold air pipe.
The beneficial effects of the utility model reside in that:
an induced draft fan is adopted to blow airflow into the storage bin through the heat insulation bin and the vent after the airflow passes through the air inlet pipe and is heated by the heating device, so that the grain in a stirring state is dried, the discharged airflow is treated by the dust remover after passing through the air outlet pipe and is discharged, the air inlet pipe and the air outlet pipe are arranged in the pipe bin in a staggered manner around the heat insulation bin, the residual heat of the airflow in the air outlet pipe can be absorbed by the airflow in the air inlet pipe, and the energy consumption of the heating device is reduced; the water content of the introduced air flow is reduced by the dryer, and the cold air pipe can cool the grains after drying.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
the main reference numerals in the figures have the following meanings:
1. the device comprises a storage bin, 2, a feeding hole, 3, a stirring device, 4, supporting legs, 5, a discharging hole, 6, a heat insulation bin, 7, a ventilation opening, 8, a pipe bin, 9, a first supporting plate, 10, a second supporting plate, 11, a third supporting plate, 12, an air inlet pipe, 13, an air outlet pipe, 14, an induced draft fan, 15, a heating device, 16, a hot air pipe, 17, a connecting pipe, 18, a dust remover, 19, a temperature sensor, 20, a humidity sensor, 21, a dryer, 22, a cold air pipe, 23 and an electromagnetic valve.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
As shown in fig. 1: the embodiment is an efficient dryer for grain storage, which comprises a storage bin 1, wherein a feed inlet 2 is formed in the top of the storage bin 1, a stirring device 3 extending into the storage bin 1 is arranged at the center of the top of the storage bin 1, a plurality of support legs 4 are arranged at the bottom of the storage bin 1, and a discharge outlet 5 is formed in the center of the bottom of the storage bin 1; a heat insulation bin 6 is arranged at the periphery of the bin 1, a plurality of ventilation openings 7 are formed in the bottom plate and the side wall of the bin 1, and a filter screen is further arranged at the ventilation openings 7 in order to prevent grains from entering the heat insulation bin 6; a pipe bin 8 is arranged outside the heat insulation bin 6, a first support plate 9 is arranged above the outer side wall of the pipe bin 8, a second support plate 10 and a third support plate 11 are respectively arranged on two sides below the outer side wall of the pipe bin 8, an air inlet pipe 12 and an air outlet pipe 13 are arranged inside the pipe bin 8 in a staggered mode around the heat insulation bin 6, an induced draft fan 14 is arranged on the first support plate 9, an air outlet of the induced draft fan 14 is communicated with a top connector of the air inlet pipe 12, a heating device 15 is arranged on the second support plate 10, an air inlet end of the heating device 15 is communicated with a bottom connector of the air inlet pipe 12, an air outlet end of the heating device 15 is connected with a hot air pipe 16, the hot, the top of the storage bin 1 is also provided with a connecting pipe 17, the connecting pipe 17 is communicated with a top interface of the air outlet pipe 13, the support plate III 11 is provided with a dust remover 18, and an air inlet end of the dust remover 18 is communicated with a bottom interface of the air outlet pipe 13;
referring to fig. 1, a temperature sensor 19 and a humidity sensor 20 are also provided in the silo 1.
In this embodiment, in order to improve the utilization of the waste heat of the airflow in the air outlet pipe 13, the joint between the air inlet pipe 12 and the air outlet pipe 13, which are staggered inside the pipe bin 8, is coated with a heat conductive material, so that the heat of the airflow in the air outlet pipe 13 is absorbed by the airflow in the air inlet pipe 12 as much as possible.
This high efficiency drying machine still includes the controller, is provided with the demonstration operation screen on the controller, and agitating unit 3, draught fan 14, heating device 15, temperature sensor 19 and humidity transducer 20 all are connected with the controller electricity.
Referring to fig. 1, in order to reduce the water content of the gas introduced by the induced draft fan 14, a dryer 21 is disposed at the air inlet end of the induced draft fan 14, a cold air pipe 22 is disposed between the bottom of the air inlet pipe 12 and the hot air pipe 16, an electromagnetic valve 23 is disposed on the cold air pipe 22, and the electromagnetic valve 23 is also electrically connected to the controller.
The utility model discloses a theory of operation does:
grain is added into a bin 1 through a feeding hole 2, then a stirring device 3, an induced draft fan 14 and a heating device 15 are started through a controller, the heating temperature of the heating device 15 is set, airflow is dried by a dryer 21 and then is introduced into an air inlet pipe 12 through the induced draft fan 14, then the airflow is heated by the heating device 15 and enters the bottom of a heat insulation bin 6 through a hot air pipe 16, the heated airflow is blown into the bin 1 through a vent 7 formed on the bottom plate and the side wall of the bin 1 to dry the grain in a stirring state, and the dried airflow enters an air outlet pipe 13 through a connecting pipe 17 and is treated by a dust remover 18 and then is discharged; the air inlet pipe 12 and the air outlet pipe 13 are arranged in the pipe bin 8 in a staggered manner around the heat insulation bin 6, and the air flow in the air outlet pipe 13 contains waste heat and is transferred into the hot air pipe 12 to heat the air flow in the hot air pipe 12, so that the energy consumption of the heating device 15 is reduced;
when the numerical values transmitted to the display operation screen by the temperature sensor 19 and the humidity sensor 20 in the storage bin 1 are within the required range, the heating of the heating device 15 is stopped, the electromagnetic valve 23 on the cold air pipe 22 is opened to cool the grains in the storage bin 1, and the grains are conveniently discharged and transferred.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, a plurality of improvements and decorations can be made without departing from the principle of the present invention, and these improvements and decorations should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a grain storage uses high-efficient desiccator which characterized in that: the material storage bin comprises a material storage bin (1), wherein a feeding hole (2) is formed in the top of the material storage bin (1), a stirring device (3) extending into the material storage bin (1) is arranged at the center of the top of the material storage bin (1), a plurality of support legs (4) are arranged at the bottom of the material storage bin (1), and a discharging hole (5) is formed in the center of the bottom of the material storage bin (1); the heat insulation device is characterized in that a heat insulation bin (6) is arranged on the periphery of the storage bin (1), a plurality of ventilation openings (7) are formed in the bottom plate and the side wall of the storage bin (1), a pipe bin (8) is arranged outside the heat insulation bin (6), a first support plate (9) is arranged above the outer side wall of the pipe bin (8), a second support plate (10) and a third support plate (11) are respectively arranged on two sides below the outer side wall of the pipe bin (8), an air inlet pipe (12) and an air outlet pipe (13) are arranged inside the pipe bin (8) in a staggered mode around the heat insulation bin (6), an induced draft fan (14) is arranged on the first support plate (9), an air outlet of the induced draft fan (14) is communicated with a top interface of the air inlet pipe (12), a heating device (15) is arranged on the second support plate (10), and an air inlet end of the heating device (15) is communicated with, the end of giving vent to anger of heating device (15) is connected with hot-blast main (16), hot-blast main (16) and the bottom intercommunication of thermal-insulated storehouse (6) the top of feed bin (1) still is provided with connecting pipe (17), connecting pipe (17) and the top interface intercommunication of going out tuber pipe (13), be provided with dust remover (18) on extension board three (11), just the inlet end of dust remover (18) and the bottom interface intercommunication of going out tuber pipe (13).
2. The efficient dryer for grain storage according to claim 1, characterized in that a temperature sensor (19) and a humidity sensor (20) are further arranged in the storage bin (1).
3. The efficient dryer for grain storage according to claim 1, wherein the joints of the air inlet pipes (12) and the air outlet pipes (13) which are arranged in a staggered mode inside the pipe bin (8) are coated with heat conduction materials.
4. The efficient dryer for grain storage according to claim 1, wherein a filter screen is further arranged at the ventilation opening (7).
5. The efficient dryer for grain storage according to claim 1, wherein a dryer (21) is arranged at the air inlet end of the induced draft fan (14).
6. The efficient dryer for grain storage according to claim 2, further comprising a controller, wherein the stirring device (3), the induced draft fan (14), the heating device (15), the temperature sensor (19) and the humidity sensor (20) are electrically connected with the controller.
7. The efficient dryer for grain storage according to claim 5, wherein a cold air pipe (22) is further arranged between the bottom of the air inlet pipe (12) and the hot air pipe (16), and the cold air pipe (22) is further provided with an electromagnetic valve (23).
CN201920709344.8U 2019-05-17 2019-05-17 Grain storage uses high-efficient desiccator Active CN210663721U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920709344.8U CN210663721U (en) 2019-05-17 2019-05-17 Grain storage uses high-efficient desiccator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920709344.8U CN210663721U (en) 2019-05-17 2019-05-17 Grain storage uses high-efficient desiccator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210663721U true CN210663721U (en) 2020-06-02

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920709344.8U Active CN210663721U (en) 2019-05-17 2019-05-17 Grain storage uses high-efficient desiccator

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112665339A (en) * 2020-12-17 2021-04-16 南京市臻坤智能科技有限公司 Grain drying device based on thing networking

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112665339A (en) * 2020-12-17 2021-04-16 南京市臻坤智能科技有限公司 Grain drying device based on thing networking

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