CN210655131U - Material switching device, feeding equipment, discharging equipment and detection system - Google Patents

Material switching device, feeding equipment, discharging equipment and detection system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210655131U
CN210655131U CN201920614546.4U CN201920614546U CN210655131U CN 210655131 U CN210655131 U CN 210655131U CN 201920614546 U CN201920614546 U CN 201920614546U CN 210655131 U CN210655131 U CN 210655131U
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China
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moving
transfer
unit
taking
base
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CN201920614546.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张海俊
曹冲
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Joint Stars Technology Co ltd
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Joint Stars Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

A material switching device, a material loading equipment, a discharging equipment and a detection system, wherein a material switching device includes: a base; the moving and connecting unit is arranged on the base and used for supporting and moving and connecting the materials; the driving unit is connected with and drives the moving and connecting unit to move on the base in a reciprocating mode; the transfer unit comprises a transfer space allowing a carrying mechanism to enter, the carrying mechanism moves relative to the transfer unit after entering the transfer space, the materials are transferred between the carrying mechanism and the transfer unit through the relative movement, and the moving direction of the transfer unit is perpendicular to the relative movement direction. The switching device can be detachably connected with other equipment and can be suitable for different feeding or discharging equipment; and through the cooperation with the transport mechanism on material loading or discharging equipment, realize the automatic feeding or the automatic discharge of material, reduce the cost of labor, the efficiency of the material conveying that improves has realized the automation of production, has reduced manufacturing cost.

Description

Material switching device, feeding equipment, discharging equipment and detection system
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an electronic product automated production technical field, concretely relates to material switching device, a charging equipment, an discharging equipment and a detecting system.
Background
With the rapid development of electronic technology, Printed Circuit boards (also called PCBs) are widely used in various fields, and the PCBs are essential components in the modern electronic industry, are used for electrical connection of electronic components, and are support carriers for the electronic components. In order to ensure the normal operation of electronic equipment and reduce mutual electromagnetic interference, the quality of the processed and manufactured printed circuit board needs to be detected so as to detect whether the performance of the printed circuit board meets the requirements. Along with the development of science and technology, production and quality detection equipment of the PCB board appear in the market, and the automatic production and detection of the PCB board can be realized by utilizing the equipment, so that the labor intensity of operators is reduced to a certain extent.
In the production operation of the existing equipment, the quality detection of the PCB is usually carried out by adopting the independently arranged detection equipment, and the feeding and discharging of the PCB at the feeding port and the discharging port of the existing detection equipment usually need manual carrying by operators, so that the automation degree is low, the labor cost is consumed, and the detected PCB is easy to generate secondary pollution and the like; on the other hand, the material loading operation is carried out again only after the materials at the feeding port are completely loaded, and the material at the same discharging port is unloaded only after the materials are completely conveyed, so that no material is input or output in the detection equipment in the time period of loading and unloading, thereby resulting in low overall working efficiency and low production capacity of the production line, and the requirement of continuous work of the production line cannot be met.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Therefore, the to-be-solved technical problem of the utility model lies in overcoming the inefficiency scheduling defect among the prior art to a material switching device, a charging equipment, an discharging equipment and a detecting system are provided.
Therefore, the technical scheme of the utility model is as follows:
a material transfer device, comprising:
a base;
the moving and connecting unit is arranged on the base and used for supporting and moving and connecting the materials;
the driving unit is connected with and drives the moving and connecting unit to move on the base in a reciprocating mode;
the transfer unit comprises a transfer space allowing a carrying mechanism to enter, the carrying mechanism moves relative to the transfer unit after entering the transfer space, the materials are transferred between the carrying mechanism and the transfer unit through the relative movement, and the moving direction of the transfer unit is perpendicular to the relative movement direction.
Furthermore, the transfer space comprises a plurality of transfer grooves allowing the carrying mechanism to enter, the transfer grooves are formed in the surface, contacting with the materials, of the transfer unit, and the transfer grooves are recessed towards the interior of the transfer unit.
Further, the transfer unit comprises a bottom plate and support components, the bottom plate is driven by the driving unit to move relative to the base, the support components are arranged on the bottom plate at intervals, and the transfer groove is formed between every two adjacent support components.
Further, the driving unit comprises a moving motor and a transmission assembly connected with the moving motor, and the transmission assembly is fixedly connected with the bottom plate.
Further, still including locating the base with the direction subassembly between the bottom plate, the direction subassembly includes guide rail and rather than sliding connection's slider, the guide rail level is located on the base, the slider with transmission assembly fixed connection.
A loading apparatus, comprising:
a base;
the material transferring device is detachably connected with the base, and the moving and connecting unit moves between a material conveying position and a moving and connecting position;
and the carrying mechanism and the material taking mechanism are arranged on the base frame, the carrying mechanism carries the material from the moving and connecting position to a material taking position through the relative movement, and the material taking mechanism obtains the material from the material taking position.
Furthermore, the carrying mechanism comprises a plurality of fork rods arranged corresponding to the moving and connecting grooves and a fork rod driving assembly for driving the fork rods to move up and down.
Further, the fork rod driving assembly comprises a lifting motor and a screw rod in transmission connection with the lifting motor, and the screw rod is in threaded connection with the fork rod.
Furthermore, the material taking mechanism comprises a guide rail and a sucker assembly which are arranged on the rack, the sucker assembly is in sliding fit with the guide rail, and the sucker assembly grabs the material at the material taking position.
Furthermore, the feeding equipment further comprises a positioning baffle plate, the positioning baffle plate comprises a first baffle plate and a second baffle plate which are vertically arranged, and the first baffle plate and the second baffle plate are respectively arranged at the moving and connecting positions along different directions.
Furthermore, the first baffle is arranged at the end part of the path of the moving unit moving towards the fork rod, a lifting groove allowing the fork rod to pass through and move up and down is arranged on the first baffle, and the second baffle and the first baffle are arranged in an angular abutting mode.
Furthermore, the feeding equipment further comprises an automatic aligning device, and the automatic aligning device is used for performing deviation rectification and alignment on the material positioned at the material taking position, so that edges on two sides of the material are respectively abutted against the first baffle and the second baffle.
An outfeed apparatus, comprising:
a base;
the material receiving devices are detachably arranged on the base, wherein at least one material receiving device is the material switching device as described in any one of the above items;
the carrying mechanism and the material taking mechanism are arranged on the base frame, the carrying mechanism is arranged corresponding to the material switching device, and the material taking mechanism transmits and places the materials on the corresponding material receiving devices;
the handling mechanism transfers the material to the transfer unit by the relative movement, the transfer unit moving between a transfer position and a material transport position.
Furthermore, the carrying mechanism comprises a plurality of fork rods and fork rod driving assemblies, wherein the fork rods are arranged corresponding to the moving and connecting grooves, and the fork rods are driven by the fork rod driving assemblies to perform vertical lifting movement.
Further, the fork rod driving assembly comprises a driving motor and a screw rod in transmission connection with the driving motor, and the screw rod is in threaded connection with the fork rod.
Further, the material taking mechanism comprises a guide rail and a sucker assembly which are arranged on the rack, the sucker assembly is in sliding fit with the guide rail, and the sucker assembly grabs the materials and conveys the materials to the fork rod.
A detection system, comprising:
the feeding device is any one of the feeding devices;
the discharging device is any one of the discharging devices;
and the testing equipment is arranged between the feeding equipment and the discharging equipment and comprises a testing platform, and the guide rails of the feeding equipment and the material taking mechanism of the discharging equipment respectively extend to the top of the testing platform.
The utility model discloses technical scheme has following advantage:
1. the utility model provides a pair of material switching device, include: a base; the moving and connecting unit is arranged on the base and used for supporting and moving and connecting the materials; the driving unit is connected with and drives the moving and connecting unit to move on the base in a reciprocating mode; the transfer unit comprises a transfer space allowing a carrying mechanism to enter, the carrying mechanism moves relative to the transfer unit after entering the transfer space, the materials are transferred between the carrying mechanism and the transfer unit through the relative movement, and the moving direction of the transfer unit is perpendicular to the relative movement direction. The switching device can be detachably connected with other equipment and can be suitable for different feeding or discharging equipment; and through the cooperation with the transport mechanism on material loading or discharging equipment, realize the automatic feeding or the automatic discharge of material, reduce the cost of labor, the efficiency of the material conveying that improves has realized the automation of production, has reduced manufacturing cost.
2. The utility model provides a material switching device, the moving and connecting space comprises a plurality of moving and connecting grooves allowing the carrying mechanism to enter, the moving and connecting grooves are arranged on the surface of the moving and connecting unit contacted with the material, and the moving and connecting grooves are sunken towards the inside of the moving and connecting unit; the transfer unit comprises a bottom plate and supporting components, the bottom plate is driven by the driving unit to move relative to the base, the supporting components are arranged on the bottom plate at intervals, and the transfer groove is formed between every two adjacent supporting components. The material transfer between the carrying mechanism and the transfer unit is realized by arranging the transfer groove matched with the carrying mechanism and by the dislocation motion of the carrying mechanism and the transfer unit; avoid adopting artifical transport, further improved the automation of equipment, improved efficiency when reduce cost.
3. The utility model provides a pair of material switching device, drive unit includes the mobile motor and rather than the drive assembly who is connected, drive assembly with bottom plate fixed connection. Still including locating the base with direction subassembly between the bottom plate, direction subassembly includes guide rail and rather than sliding connection's slider, the guide rail level is located on the base, the slider with transmission assembly fixed connection. Through setting up drive unit and direction subassembly for move and connect the unit and can carry out horizontal reciprocating motion on equipment, make it have the fortune material position and move and connect the position, carry out the unloading of material on the fortune material position, move and connect the position and carry out the transfer handing-over of material, improved the rate of automation of equipment, the cost of labor that reduces has improved production efficiency.
4. The utility model provides a feeding equipment, owing to contain above-mentioned material switching device, consequently, move when material switching device and connect the unit and shift the material and hand over back on feeding equipment's handling mechanism, handling mechanism moves promptly to getting the material position, material execution one by one material loading operation on handling mechanism through getting the material mechanism, and move this moment and connect the unit and can return to the material position at once and carry out the material loading operation of next round after handing-over is accomplished, consequently, need not wait for the check out test set to get into the check out test set completely and detect the back and carry out the material loading operation of next batch of material again, a large amount of operating time has been practiced thrift from this, can realize its rear end check out test set's incessant material loading operation.
5. The utility model provides a discharging equipment, owing to contain above-mentioned material switching device, consequently transport mechanism will detect a batch of material output handing-over to moving and connect the unit after, can return to at once and get the material position, continue the blowing operation of the PCB board that subsequent detection was accomplished with the feeding agencies cooperation, move simultaneously and connect the unit and shift the material to the fortune material position, the operation of unloading, consequently, need not wait to carry out the blowing operation of next batch of detection material again after unloading completely, a large amount of operating time has been practiced thrift from this, can realize its front end check out test set's incessant ejection of compact operation.
6. The utility model provides a detecting system, owing to contain above-mentioned charging equipment and discharging equipment, just also possess all advantages of above-mentioned charging equipment and discharging equipment.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the embodiments or the technical solutions in the prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the detection system of the present invention;
FIGS. 2 and 4 are schematic structural views of the feeding device in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a partial schematic view of portion A of FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is a left side view of the loading apparatus shown in FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is a front view of the charging apparatus shown in FIG. 4;
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural view of the discharging apparatus in FIG. 1;
FIG. 8 is a left side view of the outfeed apparatus shown in FIG. 7;
FIG. 9 is a front view of the outfeed apparatus shown in FIG. 7;
fig. 10 is a schematic structural view of the material transfer device of the present invention;
fig. 11 is an exploded view of the material transfer device shown in fig. 10.
Description of reference numerals:
1-feeding equipment; 11-a feeding equipment base; 12-a first baffle; 121-a lifting groove; 13-a second baffle; 14-a frame; 15-a first cylinder; 16-a second cylinder;
2-a material transfer device; 21-a base;
22-a transfer unit; 221-a backplane; 222-a support assembly; 223-grafting grooves;
23-a drive unit; 231-a drive belt; 232-a transmission wheel; 233-connecting pieces;
24-a guide assembly; 241-a guide rail; 242-a slider;
31-material transport position; 32-a transfer position; 33-a take-off position;
41-fork arm; 42-a suction cup assembly; 43-a guide rail;
5-discharging equipment; 51-a discharge apparatus base; 52-receiving station; 53-a frame;
6-test equipment.
Detailed Description
The technical solution of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, and obviously, the described embodiments are some, but not all embodiments of the present invention. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplification of description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, and may be, for example, fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
Examples
The embodiment describes a detection system, as shown in fig. 1, which includes a feeding device 1, a discharging device 5, and a testing device 6, where the testing device 6 is connected and disposed between the feeding device 1 and the discharging device 5, and another end of a guide rail 43 in the feeding device 1 shown in fig. 1 extends into a position above a testing platform in the testing device 6 for transporting materials onto the testing platform, and another end of the guide rail 43 in the discharging device 5 also extends into the testing device 6 for taking out materials from the testing device 6 and transporting the materials to the discharging device 5.
The material in this embodiment is a plate-shaped material such as a PCB, and may be other material with a fixed shape. The test equipment 6 in this embodiment is a PCB on-off circuit test equipment.
The detection system in this embodiment further includes a control mechanism, and the control mechanism is electrically connected to each of the execution mechanisms and each of the detection mechanisms of the feeding device 1, the discharging device 5, and the testing device 6, respectively, and is configured to control an action of each of the execution mechanisms according to a detection result of the detection mechanism.
(1) Feeding equipment
As shown in fig. 2 to 6, the feeding device 1 in this embodiment specifically refers to a device for inputting materials, and includes a feeding device base 11, a material transferring device 2, a carrying mechanism, and a material taking mechanism, where the material transferring device 2 is detachably connected to the feeding device base 1, and both the carrying mechanism and the material taking mechanism are disposed on a rack 14 of the feeding device, as shown in fig. 5, after the material transferring device 2 transports the input materials from a material transporting position 31 to a material moving position 32, the carrying mechanism carries the materials from the material moving position 32 to a material taking position 33 through movement, and the material taking mechanism obtains the materials from the material taking position 33.
Referring to fig. 10-11, the material transferring device 2 of the present invention includes a base 21, a moving unit 22 and a driving unit 23, wherein the moving unit 22 is disposed on the base 21 for supporting and moving the PCB. The driving unit 23 is connected with the transfer unit 22 for driving the transfer unit 22 to move between the material conveying position 31 and the transfer position 32 relative to the base 21.
Transferring the materials between the carrying mechanism and the transfer unit 22 through the relative movement of the carrying mechanism and the transfer unit 22, wherein the moving direction of the transfer unit 22 is vertical to the moving direction of the carrying mechanism in the embodiment; the transfer unit reciprocates horizontally on the surface of the base 21, and the carrying mechanism reciprocates vertically. The transfer unit 22 includes a transfer space allowing the carrier mechanism to enter the transfer space and contact the bottom of the PCB, and the carrier mechanism moves up and down relative to the transfer unit 22 to transfer the PCB on the transfer unit 22 to the carrier mechanism.
As shown in fig. 10, a plurality of transfer grooves 223 are formed on the surface of the transfer unit 22 contacting with the bottom of the PCB, and a transfer space is formed in the plurality of transfer grooves 223; the docking slot 223 is recessed inward of the docking unit 22 to allow the handling mechanism to be inserted into the bottom of the PCB board. The transferring unit 22 includes a bottom plate 221 and supporting members 222, the supporting members 222 are disposed on the bottom plate 221 at intervals, the bottom plate 221 is driven by a driving unit 23 to reciprocate relative to the base 21, and a plurality of transferring grooves 223 disposed at intervals are formed between adjacent supporting members 222.
Referring to fig. 11, the driving unit 23 includes a moving motor (not shown in the drawings) and a driving assembly connected thereto, the driving assembly including a driving belt 231, a driving wheel 232 and a connecting member 233, wherein the driving wheel 232 is driven to rotate by the moving motor. The material transferring device 2 is further provided with a guiding assembly 24, wherein the guiding assembly 24 is arranged between the base 21 and the bottom plate 221, the guiding assembly 24 comprises a guide rail 241 and a slider 242 slidably connected with the guide rail 241, the guide rail 241 is horizontally arranged on the base 21, and the connecting member 233 is fixedly connected with the transmission belt 231, the slider 242 and the bottom plate 221 respectively, specifically, referring to fig. 11, the connecting member 233 comprises an upper connecting member 2331 and a lower connecting member 2332, wherein the upper connecting member 2331 is fixedly connected with the two sliders 242 respectively, and the lower connecting member 2332 is fixedly connected with the transmission belt 231 through a clamping plate and a screw. The driving wheel 232 is driven by the motor to move the driving belt 231, so that the driving belt 231 drives the connecting member 233 to move along the guide rail 241, and finally drives the bottom plate 221 and the transfer unit 22 to reciprocate along the guide rail 241 between the material conveying position 31 and the transfer position 32.
As shown in fig. 4, the carrying mechanism of the loading device 1 includes a plurality of fork rods 41, fork rod lifting motors and screw rods (not shown in the figure), the fork rods 41 are arranged in one-to-one correspondence with the transfer slots 223, the fork rods 41 in this embodiment are driven to lift by the screw rods and the fork rod lifting motors, and the fork rod lifting motors are controlled by the control mechanism to operate; the screw rod is connected with the output end of the fork rod lifting motor, the screw rod is in threaded connection with the fork rod 41, and the fork rod lifting motor drives the screw rod to rotate forwards and backwards so as to drive the fork rod 41 in threaded connection to move up and down along the screw rod.
The material taking mechanism comprises a sucker assembly 42, a sucker motor and a guide rail 43, wherein the guide rail 43 is arranged on the rack 14, the sucker assembly 42 is in sliding fit with the guide rail 43 through a moving sliding block, the sucker assembly 42 is driven by the sucker motor to reciprocate on the guide rail 43, and when the sucker assembly 42 is located at the material taking position 33, a PCB (printed circuit board) located at the top of the fork rod 41 is grabbed. Of course, as an alternative embodiment, the material taking mechanism may also adopt a mechanical-mechanical structure.
Referring to fig. 2 and 4, the feeding apparatus in this embodiment further includes a positioning baffle fixed on the rack 14 or the feeding apparatus base 11, the positioning baffle includes a first baffle 12 and a second baffle 13 vertically disposed, and the first baffle 12 and the second baffle 13 are respectively and correspondingly disposed in different directions of the transfer position 32 to align the PCB boards on the transfer unit 22 in different directions.
As shown in fig. 3 and 4, the first blocking plate 12 is disposed at the end of the path of the supporting assembly 222 moving towards the fork rod 41, and is provided with a lifting groove 121 for allowing the fork rod 41 to pass through and move up and down, and since the material in this embodiment is PCB board, the second blocking plate 13 and the first blocking plate 12 are disposed adjacent to each other in a perpendicular manner, and are respectively used for aligning two adjacent edges of the PCB board to prevent the position and angle deviation of the PCB board body.
As shown in fig. 3, the feeding apparatus 1 in this embodiment further includes an automatic alignment device corresponding to the material taking position 33, and the automatic alignment device performs deviation rectification and alignment on the PCB located at the material taking position 33, so that two adjacent edges of the PCB are respectively abutted to the first baffle 12 and the second baffle 13. Specifically, referring to fig. 3, the automatic aligning apparatus in the present embodiment includes a first cylinder 15 and a second cylinder 16 fixedly installed on the top frame 14. The first air cylinder 15 and the second air cylinder 16 are arranged corresponding to the material taking position 33, the movable end portions of the first air cylinder 15 and the second air cylinder 16 are fixedly connected with push plates respectively, the push plates of the first air cylinders 15 abut against one side edge of the PCB and drive the PCB to vertically move relative to the surface of the first baffle plate 12, the push plates of the second air cylinders 16 abut against the other side edge of the PCB adjacent to the side edge and drive the PCB to vertically move relative to the surface of the second baffle plate 13, and therefore alignment and deviation rectification operations are conducted on the PCB within the range of the material taking position 33 at the top of the fork rod 41.
Rectify the PCB board through being provided with automatic alignment device and rectify the position rotation and the angular deviation that the PCB board takes place in transmission process, can rectify the position of PCB board again, further avoid getting the damage that the material in-process produced the material at the sucking disc subassembly, improve production efficiency and qualification rate.
The embodiment also comprises a material detection unit for detecting whether a preset amount of material is input on the moving connection unit 22 and the fork rod 41; wherein the material detection unit may be, for example, a load cell or an infrared sensor provided on the docking unit 22 or the fork 41. When the material detection unit on the transfer unit 22 detects that a predetermined amount of material is input, the trigger control mechanism drives the transfer unit 22 to move from the material conveying position 31 to the transfer position 32. When the material detecting unit on the fork rod 41 detects that no material exists, the trigger control mechanism drives the fork rod 41 to move downwards.
And at the same time, in order to accurately control the lifting movement of the fork rod 41, a vertical position detecting unit (not shown in the figure) is further included, and the control mechanism controls the driving motor to operate according to the detection result of the vertical position detecting unit. The vertical position detection unit includes a reset sensor and an upper limit sensor. A reset sensor for detecting the position of the fork rod 41 is arranged at a preset height position on the lower part of one side, close to the PCB, of the rack 14, when the reset sensor detects that the fork rod 41 descends to an initial position, a running stop signal is sent to the control mechanism, the control mechanism controls the driving motor to stop rotating, and the fork rod 41 stops descending; the reset sensor is used to detect whether the yoke 41 is returned to the initial position, while avoiding excessive lowering of the yoke 41, and to ensure that the stop position of the yoke 41 corresponds to the transfer groove 223 on the transfer unit 22 located at the transfer position.
In this embodiment, an upper limit sensor is further disposed on the first baffle 12 corresponding to the material taking position 33, wherein the upper limit sensor is disposed at a predetermined height on the inner upper portion of the first baffle 12 or the rack 14, and is configured to detect a PCB at the top of the fork rod 41, and when detecting that the PCB at the top of the fork rod 41 reaches the material taking position 33, the upper limit sensor sends a stop signal to the control mechanism, and the control mechanism controls the driving motor to stop rotating, so that the fork rod 41 stops rising; when the PCB on the top of the fork rod 41 is not detected, a starting signal is sent to the control mechanism, the control mechanism controls the driving motor to rotate, and the fork rod 41 rises to a preset position. The upper limiting sensor is used for limiting the rising position of the fork rod 41, avoiding the fork rod 41 from rising excessively, and simultaneously ensuring that the PCB positioned at the top of the fork rod 41 is always positioned at the material taking position 33 even though the PCB is positioned in the range that the sucker assembly can grab. Wherein, the reset sensor and the upper limit sensor in the embodiment both adopt position sensors.
Of course, a horizontal position detecting unit may be further included to detect whether the horizontal movement of the transfer unit 22 reaches the transfer position 31 and the carry position 32, which may be position sensors provided corresponding to the transfer position and the carry position, respectively; of course, a position detecting unit that detects whether the fork 41 is returned to the initial position may be further included.
The fork rod lifting motor, the moving motor, the sucker motor and the automatic aligning device belong to actuating mechanisms and are respectively and electrically connected with the control mechanism; the vertical position detection unit, the material detection unit and the horizontal position detection unit all belong to detection mechanisms and are respectively electrically connected with the control mechanism.
(2) Discharging equipment
As shown in fig. 7 to 9, the discharging device 5 in this embodiment specifically refers to a device for outputting the material detected by the upstream testing device 6 to the outside, and includes a discharging device base 51, a plurality of material receiving devices detachably mounted on the discharging device base 51, and a material fetching mechanism for transporting the material grabbed from the testing device 6 to the corresponding material receiving devices. At least one of the material receiving devices is a material transfer device 2 which can move relative to the base 51 of the discharging equipment, and the rest of the material receiving devices can be arranged as receiving tables 52 which are fixed on the machine frame 53. The material receiving device in this embodiment includes a material transferring device 2 and two receiving stations 52, where the material transferring device 2 is configured to receive and output a PCB board qualified for detection, and the two receiving stations 52 are respectively configured to receive a PCB board with a detected open circuit and a PCB board with a detected short circuit. Of course, the material transfer device 2 can be adopted by all the material receiving devices.
As shown in fig. 7, the material transferring device 2 is detachably connected to the discharging apparatus base 51; a conveying mechanism is arranged at the position corresponding to the material transfer device 2, the conveying mechanism and the material taking mechanism are arranged on the rack 53, the material taking mechanism places the obtained material on the conveying mechanism of the transfer device 2, the conveying mechanism conveys the material from the material taking position 33 to the transfer unit 22 at the transfer position 32 through movement, and the transfer unit 22 can move between the transfer position 32 and the material conveying position 31.
As shown in fig. 7, the material transfer device 2, the carrying mechanism and the material taking mechanism in the discharging device 5 have the same structure as that in the feeding device 1, the carrying mechanism of the discharging device 5 also includes a plurality of fork rods 41, fork rod lifting motors and lead screws (not shown in the figure), the fork rods 41 and the splicing grooves 223 are arranged in a one-to-one correspondence manner, the material taking mechanism also includes a suction cup assembly 42, a suction cup motor and a guide rail 43, wherein the guide rail 43 partially extends into the detecting device 6; the PCB board is placed on the fork bar 41 when the suction cup assembly 42 is in the take out position 33. Of course, as an alternative embodiment, the material taking mechanism may also adopt a mechanical-mechanical structure.
The discharging device 5 is different from the feeding device 1 in the movement start and end positions of each device or mechanism, and the structure of the material transferring device 2, the carrying mechanism and the material taking mechanism in the discharging device 5 refers to the structure in the feeding device 1, and will not be described herein.
The embodiment also comprises a material detection unit for detecting whether a preset amount of material is input on the moving connection unit 22 and the fork rod 41; wherein the material detection unit may be, for example, a load cell or an infrared sensor provided on the docking unit 22 or the fork 41. When the material detecting unit on the fork rod 41 detects that a predetermined amount of material is input, the trigger control mechanism drives the fork rod 41 to perform a descending motion. When the material detection unit on the transfer unit 22 detects that a predetermined amount of material is input, the trigger control mechanism drives the transfer unit 22 to move from the transfer position 32 to the material conveying position 31.
Meanwhile, in order to accurately control the lifting movement of the fork rod 41, a vertical position detecting unit (not shown in the figure) is further arranged at a predetermined height in the discharging device 5, and the control mechanism controls the driving motor to operate according to the detection result of the vertical position detecting unit. The vertical position detection unit comprises a lower limit sensor and a plate sensor, wherein the plate sensor is arranged at a preset height position, close to the upper part of one side of a PCB, on the discharging device 5, when the plate sensor detects that the PCB is input to the fork rod 41, a starting operation signal is sent to the control mechanism, the control mechanism controls the driving motor to operate to drive the fork rod 41 to descend, and after the plate sensor does not detect the PCB on the surface of the fork rod 41, the control mechanism controls the lifting motor to stop descending, so that the PCB on the surface of the fork rod 41 is always located at the material taking position 33, and the sucker assembly can carry out material discharging at an accurate position. A lower limit sensor for detecting the position of the fork rod 41 is further arranged at a preset height position on the lower portion of one side of the rack 53 close to the PCB, when the lower limit sensor detects that the fork rod 41 descends to a specified position, a stop signal is sent to the control mechanism, the control mechanism controls the driving motor to stop rotating, and the fork rod 41 stops descending. The lower limit sensor is used to limit the descending position of the yoke 41, prevent the yoke 41 from descending excessively, and ensure that the stop position of the yoke 41 corresponds to the transfer groove 223 on the transfer unit 22 at the transfer position. Wherein, the plate sensor and the lower limit sensor in the embodiment both adopt position sensors.
Of course, a horizontal position detecting unit is further included to detect whether the horizontal movement of the transfer unit 22 reaches the transfer position and the material conveying position, which may be position sensors respectively provided corresponding to the transfer position and the material conveying position.
The fork rod lifting motor, the moving motor, the sucker motor and the automatic aligning device belong to actuating mechanisms and are respectively and electrically connected with the control mechanism; the vertical position detection unit, the material detection unit and the horizontal position detection unit all belong to detection mechanisms and are respectively electrically connected with the control mechanism.
The utility model discloses a test system's working process includes:
(1) the feeding process comprises the following steps:
when the material detection unit detects that a predetermined amount of PCB is input on the transfer unit 22 located at the material conveying position 31, the control mechanism triggers the moving motor to start, the transfer unit 22 is driven to move towards the transfer position 32, and at the moment, the fork rod 41 on the feeding device 1 is located at an initial position which is not lifted, namely, when the transfer unit 22 moves to the transfer position 32, the fork rod 41 just enters the transfer groove 223 and is inserted below the PCB, and the moving motor stops moving after the transfer unit 22 moves to the transfer position 32;
then the control mechanism controls the lifting motor to start, the lifting motor drives the fork rod 41 to ascend, the PCB at the top of the fork rod reaches the material taking position 33, and after the PCB on the upper surface of the fork rod 41 triggers the upper limiting sensor at the material taking position, the control mechanism controls the lifting motor to stop moving; and then the control mechanism controls the automatic aligning device to perform deviation rectifying operation, and after the deviation rectifying operation is completed, the control mechanism controls the sucker component to perform material grabbing operation to grab the material onto a test platform of the test equipment 6.
Meanwhile, after the transfer unit 22 transfers the materials to the fork rod 41, the transfer unit is driven by the moving motor to return to the material conveying position 31 and perform the feeding operation of the next batch of materials; when the material detection unit on the fork rod 41 detects that no material exists on the fork rod, the control mechanism controls the fork rod 41 to descend to the initial position; when the reset sensor detects that the fork rod 41 returns to the initial position, the control mechanism controls the fork rod to stop moving, and simultaneously the control mechanism controls the transfer unit 22 to move to the transfer position 32, so that the loading operation of the next round is performed.
(2) The testing process comprises the following steps:
the test equipment 6 tests the open circuit of the PCB and outputs the test result to the control mechanism, and the control mechanism outputs corresponding motion instructions to the material taking mechanism of the discharging equipment 5 according to the test result, namely, the PCB which is qualified in test, bad in short circuit and bad in open circuit is respectively output to the corresponding material receiving device.
(3) And (3) discharging:
the sucker component grabs and places the PCB qualified in the test platform on the fork rod 41, when the PCB accumulated on the fork rod 41 reaches a preset amount, the material detection unit on the fork rod 41 is triggered, the control mechanism controls the lifting motor to start, the lifting motor drives the fork rod 41 to descend, when the fork rod 41 descends to a preset position, the lower limit sensor is triggered, at the moment, the fork rod 41 is just in the transfer groove 223 of the transfer unit 22, and the control mechanism controls the lifting motor to stop descending;
meanwhile, the PCB is delivered to the transfer unit 22 through the descending of the fork rod 41, when the material detection unit on the transfer unit 22 detects that a preset amount of PCB is input, the control mechanism triggers the motor of the driving unit 23 to start, the driving unit 23 drives the transfer unit 22 to move towards the direction far away from the discharging device 5 until the PCB stops after moving to the material conveying position 31, and at the moment, the PCB can be taken away through an external mechanism.
Meanwhile, after the fork rod 41 delivers the materials to the transfer unit 22 and the transfer unit 22 leaves the transfer position 32, the fork rod 41 is controlled to return to the material taking position 33 for the output operation of the next batch of materials.
It should be understood that the above examples are only for clarity of illustration and are not intended to limit the embodiments. Other variations and modifications will be apparent to persons skilled in the art in light of the above description. And are neither required nor exhaustive of all embodiments. And obvious variations or modifications can be made without departing from the scope of the invention.

Claims (17)

1. A material transfer device, comprising:
a base;
the moving and connecting unit is arranged on the base and used for supporting and moving and connecting the materials;
the driving unit is connected with and drives the moving and connecting unit to move on the base in a reciprocating mode;
the method is characterized in that:
the transfer unit comprises a transfer space allowing a carrying mechanism to enter, the carrying mechanism moves relative to the transfer unit after entering the transfer space, the materials are transferred between the carrying mechanism and the transfer unit through the relative movement, and the moving direction of the transfer unit is perpendicular to the relative movement direction.
2. The material transfer device of claim 1, wherein: the moving and connecting space comprises a plurality of moving and connecting grooves allowing the carrying mechanism to enter, the moving and connecting grooves are formed in the surface, contacting with the materials, of the moving and connecting unit, and the moving and connecting grooves are sunken towards the inside of the moving and connecting unit.
3. The material transfer device of claim 2, wherein: the transfer unit comprises a bottom plate and supporting components, the bottom plate is driven by the driving unit to move relative to the base, the supporting components are arranged on the bottom plate at intervals, and the transfer groove is formed between every two adjacent supporting components.
4. The material transfer device of claim 3, wherein: the driving unit comprises a moving motor and a transmission assembly connected with the moving motor, and the transmission assembly is fixedly connected with the bottom plate.
5. The material transfer device of claim 4, wherein: still including locating the base with direction subassembly between the bottom plate, direction subassembly includes guide rail and rather than sliding connection's slider, the guide rail level is located on the base, the slider with transmission assembly fixed connection.
6. A charging apparatus, characterized by comprising:
a base;
the material transferring device is as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 5, the material transferring device is detachably connected with the base, and the moving and connecting unit moves between a material conveying position and a moving and connecting position;
and the carrying mechanism and the material taking mechanism are arranged on the base frame, the carrying mechanism carries the material from the moving and connecting position to a material taking position through the relative movement, and the material taking mechanism obtains the material from the material taking position.
7. The charging apparatus according to claim 6, characterized in that: the carrying mechanism comprises a plurality of fork rods and a fork rod driving assembly, the fork rods are arranged corresponding to the moving and connecting grooves, and the fork rod driving assembly drives the fork rods to move up and down.
8. The charging apparatus according to claim 7, characterized in that: the fork rod driving assembly comprises a lifting motor and a screw rod in transmission connection with the lifting motor, and the screw rod is in threaded connection with the fork rod.
9. The charging apparatus according to claim 7 or 8, characterized in that: the material taking mechanism comprises a guide rail arranged on the rack and a sucker component, the sucker component is in sliding fit with the guide rail of the material taking mechanism, and the sucker component grabs the material at the material taking position.
10. The charging apparatus according to claim 9, characterized in that: the feeding equipment further comprises a positioning baffle, the positioning baffle comprises a first baffle and a second baffle which are vertically arranged, and the first baffle and the second baffle are respectively arranged at the moving and connecting positions along different directions.
11. The loading device according to claim 10, characterized in that: the first baffle is arranged at the end part of a path of the moving unit moving towards the fork rod, a lifting groove allowing the fork rod to pass through and move up and down is arranged on the first baffle, and the second baffle and the first baffle are arranged in an abutting mode at an angle.
12. The loading device according to claim 10, characterized in that: the feeding equipment further comprises an automatic aligning device, and the automatic aligning device is used for correcting and aligning the materials located at the material taking position, so that the edges of two sides of the materials are respectively abutted to the first baffle and the second baffle.
13. A discharge apparatus characterized by comprising:
a base;
a plurality of material receiving devices detachably mounted on the base, wherein at least one of the material receiving devices is the material transferring device according to any one of claims 1-5;
the carrying mechanism and the material taking mechanism are arranged on the base frame, the carrying mechanism is arranged corresponding to the material switching device, and the material taking mechanism transmits and places the materials on the corresponding material receiving devices;
the handling mechanism transfers the material to the transfer unit by the relative movement, the transfer unit moving between a transfer position and a material transport position.
14. The discharge apparatus of claim 13, wherein: the carrying mechanism comprises a plurality of fork rods and fork rod driving assemblies, the fork rods are arranged corresponding to the moving and connecting grooves, and the fork rods are driven by the fork rod driving assemblies to perform vertical lifting movement.
15. The tapping apparatus of claim 14, wherein: the fork rod driving assembly comprises a driving motor and a screw rod in transmission connection with the driving motor, and the screw rod is in threaded connection with the fork rod.
16. The tapping apparatus of claim 14, wherein: the material taking mechanism comprises a guide rail and a sucker assembly which are arranged on the rack, the sucker assembly is in sliding fit with the guide rail of the material taking mechanism, and the sucker assembly grabs the materials and conveys the materials to the fork rod.
17. A detection system, characterized by comprising:
a feeding device according to any one of claims 6 to 12;
the discharging device, which is the discharging device of any one of claims 13-16;
and the testing equipment is arranged between the feeding equipment and the discharging equipment and comprises a testing platform, and the guide rail of the material taking mechanism of the feeding equipment and the guide rail of the material taking mechanism of the discharging equipment respectively extend to the top of the testing platform.
CN201920614546.4U 2019-04-29 2019-04-29 Material switching device, feeding equipment, discharging equipment and detection system Active CN210655131U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920614546.4U CN210655131U (en) 2019-04-29 2019-04-29 Material switching device, feeding equipment, discharging equipment and detection system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920614546.4U CN210655131U (en) 2019-04-29 2019-04-29 Material switching device, feeding equipment, discharging equipment and detection system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210655131U true CN210655131U (en) 2020-06-02

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920614546.4U Active CN210655131U (en) 2019-04-29 2019-04-29 Material switching device, feeding equipment, discharging equipment and detection system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210655131U (en)

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