CN210641830U - Greenhouse system used under large temperature difference day and night and limited sunshine time - Google Patents

Greenhouse system used under large temperature difference day and night and limited sunshine time Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210641830U
CN210641830U CN201921177569.XU CN201921177569U CN210641830U CN 210641830 U CN210641830 U CN 210641830U CN 201921177569 U CN201921177569 U CN 201921177569U CN 210641830 U CN210641830 U CN 210641830U
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China
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greenhouse
temperature
truss
pipe
rotatory
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CN201921177569.XU
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曹凯
鲍恩财
刘春�
夏礼如
李胜
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Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The utility model relates to a warmhouse booth system that is used for big difference in temperature round the clock and sunshine time under limited, compares with prior art and has solved the defect to big-arch shelter structure under the sunshine time limited condition yet. The utility model discloses an install rotatory truss in the recessed platform, rotatory truss constitutes normal running fit with recessed platform in the recessed platform down, and fixed mounting has soilless culture platform on the rotatory truss, and the elevation of soilless culture platform is higher than ground, the rack is installed to the outer circumference of rotatory truss, and the rack is arranged around the outer circumference of rotatory truss, installs a plurality of motor in the recessed platform, all installs the interlock gear on the output shaft of motor, and a plurality of interlock gear all meshes with the rack mutually. The utility model discloses a warmhouse booth's initiative heat accumulation follows with sunlight, and wherein, the heat energy in the air can effectively be accumulated to the initiative heat accumulation in daytime high temperature period, releases at night low temperature period, reduces indoor difference in temperature round the clock, satisfies the crop growth better.

Description

Greenhouse system used under large temperature difference day and night and limited sunshine time
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a warmhouse booth technical field is a warmhouse booth system that is used for big difference in temperature round the clock and sunshine time under limited particularly.
Background
In areas with large day-night temperature difference, the common thin film plastic greenhouse cannot meet the requirement of crop growth due to poor heat insulation performance, the multi-span glass greenhouse or the multi-span PC board greenhouse can be applied only by being matched with high heating equipment, and the original sunlight greenhouse in China has better application effect. Sunlight greenhouses are always the key point for the upgrading of greenhouse gardening equipment in China as a type of facilities with typical Chinese characteristics and large scale. The current area is rapidly increased from the past to the present and tends to be stable, which indicates that the solar greenhouse industry in China is transforming from quantitative change to qualitative change.
The heat storage technology of the sunlight greenhouse is always the most important and concentrated content of researches of scholars at home and abroad, is suitable for areas with large day-night temperature difference, and mainly comprises 7 types of heat storage modes, namely air circulation heat storage, active lighting heat storage, water circulation heat storage, phase-change material heat storage, pebble heat storage, heat pump heat storage and combined heat storage. The air circulation heat storage has good heat storage effect and low cost, and can realize heat storage in daytime and heat release at night.
The energy obtained in the greenhouse is all from solar illumination, but due to the fact that the urban development speed is too high, agricultural land in urban areas is few, high-rise buildings, trees and the like exist near a small amount of agricultural land, or in mountain area depression areas, sunshine time is limited to different degrees.
Therefore, how to research a greenhouse system which can actively store heat and can be applied in the environment with limited sunshine duration is an urgent technical problem to be solved.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at solving the defect that the greenhouse structure under the limited condition of sunshine time has not yet been existed among the prior art, providing a greenhouse system that is used for big difference in temperature round the clock and under the limited sunshine time to solve above-mentioned problem.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the technical solution of the present invention is as follows:
the utility model provides a warmhouse booth system that is used for big difference in temperature round the clock and sunshine time under limited which characterized in that: the greenhouse comprises greenhouse steel frames standing on the ground and a fan pump station, wherein greenhouse films are installed on the greenhouse steel frames, the greenhouse steel frames are spherical, a concave platform located in the greenhouse steel frames is arranged on the ground, a temperature storage cavity is arranged underground below the concave platform, the concave platform is circular, a plurality of temperature absorbing pipes are installed on the greenhouse steel frames, air suction ports of the temperature absorbing pipes are located at the inner tops of the greenhouse steel frames, air outlets of the temperature absorbing pipes are located in the temperature storage cavity, the temperature storage cavity is communicated with the fan pump station through a temperature conveying pipe, inlets of the temperature conveying pipes are connected to the fan pump station, and outlets of the temperature conveying pipes are led into the greenhouse steel frames after being connected out of the fan pump station;
concave platform in install rotatory truss, rotatory truss constitutes normal running fit with concave platform in concave platform down, fixed mounting has soilless culture platform on the rotatory truss, the elevation of soilless culture platform is higher than ground, the rack is installed to the outer circumference of rotatory truss, the rack is arranged around the outer circumference of rotatory truss, installs a plurality of motor in the concave platform, all installs the interlock gear on the output shaft of motor, a plurality of interlock gear all meshes with the rack mutually.
The mushroom greenhouse is characterized by further comprising a mushroom house, an oxygen input pipe and a carbon dioxide output pipe which are connected into the fan pump station are arranged in the mushroom house, the inlet of the temperature supply pipe is connected with the carbon dioxide output pipe through the fan pump station, and the outlet of the temperature supply pipe is connected with the oxygen input pipe through the fan pump station.
The greenhouse steel frame is characterized by further comprising solar cell panels installed on the greenhouse steel frame, the number of the solar cell panels is the same as that of the motors, and the simulation electric energy output lines of the solar cell panels are the same as that of the electric energy input lines of the motors.
And a suction fan is arranged at the suction inlet of the temperature suction pipe.
The heat storage cavity is internally provided with a heat storage pool, and an air outlet of the heat absorption pipe extends into the heat storage pool.
Advantageous effects
The utility model discloses a warmhouse booth system that is used for big difference in temperature round the clock and the limited under of sunshine time compares with prior art and has realized warmhouse booth's initiative heat accumulation and sunlight and follow, and wherein, the heat energy in the air can effectively be accumulated to the high temperature period on daytime in the initiative heat accumulation, releases at the low temperature period at night, reduces indoor difference in temperature round the clock, satisfies crop growth better. Meanwhile, the air flow motion caused by active heat storage can influence an indoor temperature field, a humidity field and an air concentration field, and the air flow environment under the closed cultivation condition of the greenhouse in winter is improved to a certain extent; the sunlight following technology provides time guarantee for sunlight acquisition of plants, and is suitable for being used in special environments with sunlight shielding limitation and high temperature difference.
The utility model discloses a warmhouse booth for under big difference in temperature environment of day night and sunshine time limited condition except carrying out traditional farming, still can be used to urban resident's family horticulture to plant, satisfies urban resident's demand to crop planting.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
fig. 2a is a structural plan view of the rotating truss in the present invention;
FIG. 2b is an enlarged view of point A in FIG. 2 a;
the greenhouse comprises 1-greenhouse steel frames, 2-fan pump stations, 3-concave platforms, 4-temperature storage cavities, 5-temperature absorption pipes, 6-temperature delivery pipes, 7-rotating trusses, 8-soilless culture platforms, 9-gear bars, 10-motors, 11-linkage gears, 12-mushroom houses, 13-oxygen input pipes, 14-carbon dioxide output pipes, 15-solar cell panels and 16-temperature delivery pipes.
Detailed Description
In order to further understand and appreciate the structural features and advantages of the present invention, preferred embodiments and the accompanying drawings are described in detail as follows:
as shown in FIG. 1, a warmhouse booth system for big difference in temperature round the clock and limited under sunshine time, including standing subaerial big-arch shelter steelframe 1 and fan pump station 2, install the big-arch shelter membrane on the big-arch shelter steelframe 1, fan pump station 2 is used for the wind cycle in the big-arch shelter steelframe 1 to use.
The greenhouse steel frame 1 is spherical, so that the rotation of crops at all angles without shielding and the cooperation of the soilless culture platform 8 can be realized, and meanwhile, the problem that the traditional frame wall structure is difficult to realize the spherical shape is solved because the greenhouse is of a full-frame structure. The frame structure and the wall structure are adopted, so that the heat storage function is difficult to realize and the air circulation effect is difficult to form (no wall in the traditional technology is used as an air circulation carrier), and the matching design of the fan pump station 2 and the heat storage cavity 4 is adopted.
The underground greenhouse is characterized in that a lower concave platform 3 which is located in the greenhouse steel frame 1 is arranged on the ground, the lower concave platform 3 is circular, the lower concave platform 3 is used for installing a rotary truss 7, a heat storage cavity 4 is arranged underground below the lower concave platform 3, and the heat storage cavity 4 is used for storing heat energy and realizing active heat storage so as to overcome the defect that a full-frame structure does not have a wall body as a heat storage carrier.
A plurality of temperature absorbing pipes 5 are installed on the greenhouse steel frame 1, and air suction ports of the temperature absorbing pipes 5 are located at the inner top of the greenhouse steel frame 1 to match with the rising characteristic of hot air to collect heat. And a flow suction fan is arranged at an air suction opening of the temperature suction pipe 5 so as to facilitate heat temperature collection. The air outlet of the temperature absorbing pipe 5 is positioned in the temperature storage cavity 4, so that hot air in the greenhouse is collected into the temperature storage cavity 4. The heat storage scheme in the heat storage cavity 4 can adopt various schemes in the prior art, a heat storage pool is arranged in the heat storage cavity 4, and an air outlet of the heat absorption tube 5 extends into the heat storage pool; phase change material heat storage, pebble heat storage techniques, and the like may also be utilized.
The heat transmission pipe 6 is installed in the greenhouse steel frame 1, the heating temperature of the greenhouse is further increased when needed due to the fact that the pipe body of the heat transmission pipe 6 generates heat, the inlet of the heat transmission pipe 6 is connected into the fan pump station 2, the outlet of the heat transmission pipe 6 is led into the greenhouse steel frame 1 after being connected out of the fan pump station 2 and then is transmitted into the greenhouse according to the need, the heat storage cavity 4 is communicated with the fan pump station 2 through the heat transmission pipe 16, and the heat in the heat storage cavity 4 is transmitted into the greenhouse steel frame 1 through the fan pump station 2. The fan pump station 2 can directly communicate the temperature conveying pipe 16 with the temperature conveying pipe 6, and can also carry out traditional pipeline adjustment according to the requirements of the mushroom house 12.
The lower concave platform 3 is internally provided with a rotary truss 7, the rotary truss 7 and the lower concave platform 3 form a running fit in the lower concave platform 3, and the rotary truss 7 rotates in the lower concave platform 3 through a traditional mode such as a middle shaft and the like. The rotary truss 7 is fixedly provided with a soilless culture platform 8, the elevation of the soilless culture platform 8 is higher than the ground, the weight of crops planted on the soilless culture platform 8 is light, and the sunlight of the soilless culture platform 8 is utilized for following.
As shown in fig. 2a and 2b, in order to realize sunlight following, a gear rack 9 is installed on the outer circumference of the rotating truss 7, and the gear rack 9 is arranged around the outer circumference of the rotating truss 7 in a circle to be used in cooperation with the rotation. A plurality of motors 10 are arranged in the concave platform 3, the number of the motors 10 is set according to different application environments, and for a large-scale crop planting area, a large number of the motors 10 are needed to rotate the rotary truss 7; if the planting is performed in urban courtyards, the number of the motors 10 is small. The output shaft of the motor 10 is provided with linkage gears 11, the linkage gears 11 are meshed with the gear rack 9, and when the motor 10 works, the linkage gears 11 are driven to rotate, so that the rotation of the rotary truss 7 is formed by matching with the gear rack 9.
In order to supply the electric quantity of the motor 10, a solar cell panel 15 can be further installed on the greenhouse steel frame 1, the number of the solar cell panels 15 is the same as that of the motors 10, and one motor 10 is paired with one solar cell panel 15. The analog power output line of the solar cell panel 15 is the same as the power input line of the motor 10, and the motor 10 is supplied with power through photovoltaic power generation.
In order to maximize the utilization of high temperature in the greenhouse and realize oxygen circulation, the greenhouse can further comprise a mushroom house 12, an oxygen input pipe 13 and a carbon dioxide output pipe 14 which are connected to a fan pump station 2 are arranged in the mushroom house 12, the inlet of a temperature transmission pipe 16 is connected with the oxygen input pipe 13 through the fan pump station 2, and the outlet of a temperature transmission pipe 6 is connected with the carbon dioxide output pipe 14 through the fan pump station 2. Therefore, when the high-temperature and high-oxygen output from the greenhouse can be supplied to the mushroom house 12 for use, the carbon dioxide discharged from the mushroom house 12 can be sent into the greenhouse for the plants to absorb, and good gas circulation is formed.
During actual use, sunlight irradiates the surface of the greenhouse, part of the illumination is absorbed by a solar cell panel on the top of the greenhouse and converted into electric energy, and a motor is driven to operate a rotating truss, so that crops of the soilless culture platform face the sunlight all the time, and the illumination is utilized to the maximum extent; part of the light is transmitted into the room through the covering material for the growth of the plant under the action of photosynthesis. Along with the time lapse, warmhouse booth receives the illumination and leads to the temperature rise, and hot-air rises to the big-arch shelter top in the canopy, and the induced draft fan operation is inhaled the hot-air through top heat absorption mouth and is stored surplus heat energy into the heat-retaining cavity. When the temperature is low at night, the fan pump station operates to release heat to the greenhouse from the hot air in the heat storage cavity through the heat delivery pipe, and the normal growth requirement of crops is guaranteed. In order to maximize the utilization of high temperature and oxygen circulation in the greenhouse, a mushroom house is matched outside the greenhouse. The high oxygen air in the heat storage cavity is sent into the mushroom house through the oxygen input tube by the operation of the fan pump station, and the air with high carbon dioxide concentration is discharged into the greenhouse through the carbon dioxide output tube by the operation of the fan pump station after the mushroom house is used, so that the temperature can be provided for the greenhouse, and the carbon dioxide can be absorbed by plants to form good gas circulation.
The foregoing shows and describes the general principles, essential features, and advantages of the invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and that the principles of the present invention may be applied to any other embodiment without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a warmhouse booth system that is used for big difference in temperature round the clock and sunshine time under limited which characterized in that: the greenhouse film is installed on the greenhouse steel frame (1) erected on the ground, the greenhouse steel frame (1) is spherical, a concave platform (3) located in the greenhouse steel frame (1) is arranged on the ground, a temperature storage cavity (4) is arranged below the concave platform (3) and underground, the concave platform (3) is circular, a plurality of temperature absorption pipes (5) are installed on the greenhouse steel frame (1), an air suction opening of each temperature absorption pipe (5) is located at the inner top of the greenhouse steel frame (1), an air outlet of each temperature absorption pipe (5) is located in the temperature storage cavity (4), the temperature storage cavities (4) and the fan pump stations (2) are connected and communicated through temperature transmission pipes (16), an inlet of each temperature transmission pipe (6) is connected into the fan pump station (2), and an outlet of each temperature transmission pipe (6) is led into the greenhouse steel frame (1) after being connected out of the fan pump stations (2);
recessed platform (3) in install rotatory truss (7), rotatory truss (7) constitute normal running fit with recessed platform (3) in recessed platform (3) down, fixed mounting has soilless culture platform (8) on rotatory truss (7), the elevation of soilless culture platform (8) is higher than ground, rack (9) are installed to the outer circumference of rotatory truss (7), and rack (9) arrange around the outer circumference of rotatory truss (7), install a plurality of motor (10) in recessed platform (3), all install interlock gear (11) on the output shaft of motor (10), a plurality of interlock gear (11) all mesh with rack (9) mutually.
2. The greenhouse system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the greenhouse system is used in day and night with large temperature difference and limited sunshine time, and comprises: the mushroom greenhouse is characterized by further comprising a mushroom house (12), wherein an oxygen input pipe (13) and a carbon dioxide output pipe (14) which are connected into the fan pump station (2) are arranged in the mushroom house (12), an inlet of the temperature delivery pipe (6) is connected with the carbon dioxide output pipe (14) through the fan pump station (2), and an outlet of the temperature delivery pipe (16) is connected with the oxygen input pipe (13) through the fan pump station (2).
3. The greenhouse system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the greenhouse system is used in day and night with large temperature difference and limited sunshine time, and comprises: the greenhouse is characterized by further comprising solar cell panels (15) installed on the greenhouse steel frame (1), the number of the solar cell panels (15) is the same as that of the motors (10), and the analog electric energy output lines of the solar cell panels (15) are the same as the electric energy input lines of the motors (10).
4. The greenhouse system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the greenhouse system is used in day and night with large temperature difference and limited sunshine time, and comprises: and a flow suction fan is arranged at the air suction opening of the temperature suction pipe (5).
5. The greenhouse system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the greenhouse system is used in day and night with large temperature difference and limited sunshine time, and comprises: the heat storage cavity (4) is internally provided with a heat storage pool, and an air outlet of the heat absorption pipe (5) extends into the heat storage pool.
CN201921177569.XU 2019-07-25 2019-07-25 Greenhouse system used under large temperature difference day and night and limited sunshine time Active CN210641830U (en)

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CN201921177569.XU CN210641830U (en) 2019-07-25 2019-07-25 Greenhouse system used under large temperature difference day and night and limited sunshine time

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921177569.XU CN210641830U (en) 2019-07-25 2019-07-25 Greenhouse system used under large temperature difference day and night and limited sunshine time

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111437716A (en) * 2020-04-03 2020-07-24 北京航空航天大学 Microalgae carbon sequestration method based on natural environment regulation

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111437716A (en) * 2020-04-03 2020-07-24 北京航空航天大学 Microalgae carbon sequestration method based on natural environment regulation

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