Automatic feeding and discharging mechanism
The utility model belongs to the technical field of last unloading mechanism technique and specifically relates to an automatic unloading mechanism of going up.
The conveying device is a necessary device for automatic line production, feeding and discharging parts for the conveying device are also important, and the feeding and discharging mechanism in the prior art is complex in structure, high in cost, troublesome to operate, incapable of being adjusted according to the structure and size requirements of required processed products, incapable of meeting the use requirements and limited.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The applicant aims at the defects in the prior art and provides the automatic feeding and discharging mechanism with a reasonable structure, so that the automatic feeding and discharging mechanism can be effectively adjusted according to the size of a material box, has the characteristic of good compatibility and greatly improves the use reliability.
The utility model discloses the technical scheme who adopts as follows:
the utility model provides an automatic feeding and discharging mechanism, blowing base subassembly including the level setting, fixed mounting has X to the motion subassembly on the blowing base subassembly, and X is to going back fixed mounting has Z to the motion subassembly on the blowing base subassembly on one side of the motion subassembly, Z stretches out there is the magazine fork arm to the motion subassembly side, Z installs magazine direction subassembly to a side of motion subassembly, and magazine direction subassembly passes through the retaining member to be fixed at the both sides wall face of Z to the motion subassembly, install the magazine subassembly in the magazine direction subassembly.
The further technical scheme is as follows:
the structure of magazine guide assembly does: the four adjusting plates are enclosed into a quadrilateral structure through fasteners, each adjusting plate is vertically provided with a guide plate, the bottoms of the two guide plates are provided with gear cylinders, and the output ends of the gear cylinders are provided with guide rods; the end of one adjusting plate is locked with a connecting locking plate.
The structure of the Z-direction motion assembly is as follows: the automatic feeding device comprises a frame plate, a motor base is fixed to the bottom of the frame plate, a large motor is installed on the motor base, a synchronizing mechanism is installed on an output shaft of the large motor, an output end of the synchronizing mechanism is connected with a lead screw, the lead screw penetrates through the vertical direction of the whole frame plate, a connecting seat moving up and down along the lead screw is installed on the lead screw, a nut matched with the lead screw is arranged inside the connecting seat, a material box fork rod is fixed on the outer side face of the connecting seat, and the installation direction of the material box fork rod is perpendicular to the axis direction of the lead screw.
The structure of the material pushing system is as follows: including the right-angle plate, the reinforcing plate is installed to the inboard of right-angle plate, the lateral surface of right-angle plate is fixed with a back plate, the back of back plate is fixed with the small motor, install the synchronizing wheel on the output shaft of small motor, install the hold-in range between two synchronizing wheels, the ejector beam is installed through the connecting block interlock in the top of hold-in range, the ejector beam follows the hold-in range walking simultaneously with the connecting block, the slider is still installed to the inboard of ejector beam, the slider is walked along the guide rail.
The structure of blowing base subassembly does: the automatic feeding device comprises a feeding bottom plate, wherein the bottom of the feeding bottom plate is supported and fixed through supporting angle iron, a feeding box is installed at one end of the upper surface of the feeding bottom plate, and an X-direction movement assembly is installed on the feeding bottom plate inside the feeding box.
The specific structure of the X-direction movement assembly is as follows: the pushing device comprises a double-shaft cylinder, wherein a piston rod is installed at the output end of the double-shaft cylinder, a locking block is installed at the head of the piston rod, and a pushing box fork with a U-shaped structure is fixed on the locking block; the upper surface of the discharging box is also provided with a discharging strip and a flange.
The utility model has the advantages as follows:
the utility model discloses compact structure, reasonable, convenient operation through adopting a plurality of subassembly complex forms, the automatic feeding process of completion magazine subassembly that can be convenient or the process of automatic unloading, and the operational reliability is good, and work efficiency is high, and is with low costs.
The utility model discloses a magazine guide assembly of structure with adjustable can adjust the actual size of magazine guide assembly according to the size of different magazines, is applicable to different products, uses extensively.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of another view angle of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is an exploded view of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the magazine guide mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of the Z-direction moving assembly of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of the X-direction moving assembly of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of the material pushing system of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a schematic structural view of the discharge base assembly of the present invention.
Wherein: 301. a magazine assembly; 302. a magazine guide assembly; 303. a material pushing system; 304. a discharge base assembly; 305. a Z-direction motion assembly; 306. an X-direction motion assembly; 307. a guide plate; 308. an adjusting plate; 309. a gear cylinder; 310. connecting a locking plate; 311. a frame plate; 312. a lead screw; 313. a connecting seat; 314. a magazine fork; 315. a large motor; 316. a synchronization mechanism; 317. a motor base; 318. a material pushing box fork; 319. a locking block; 320. a piston rod; 321. a double-shaft cylinder; 322. a right-angle plate; 323. a reinforcing plate; 324. a small motor; 325. a material pushing rod; 326. a synchronous belt; 327. connecting blocks; 328. a synchronizing wheel; 329. a blanking bottom plate; 330. placing the material strips; 331. blocking edges; 332. placing a material box; 333. supporting angle iron; 334. a back plate.
The following describes embodiments of the present invention with reference to the drawings.
As shown in fig. 1 to 8, the automatic loading and unloading mechanism of the embodiment includes a horizontally disposed emptying base assembly 304, an X-direction moving assembly 306 is fixedly mounted on the emptying base assembly 304, a Z-direction moving assembly 305 is further fixedly mounted on the emptying base assembly 304 beside the X-direction moving assembly 306, a cartridge fork 314 extends from a side of the Z-direction moving assembly 305, a cartridge guide assembly 302 is mounted on a side of the Z-direction moving assembly 305, the cartridge guide assembly 302 is fixed on two side wall surfaces of the Z-direction moving assembly 305 through a locking member, and a cartridge assembly 301 is mounted in the cartridge guide assembly 302.
The cartridge guide assembly 302 is structured as follows: the device comprises four adjusting plates 308, the four adjusting plates 308 are enclosed into a quadrilateral structure through fasteners, each adjusting plate 308 is vertically provided with a guide plate 307, the bottoms of the two guide plates 307 are provided with gear cylinders 309, and the output ends of the gear cylinders 309 are provided with guide rods; an attachment lock plate 310 is locked to an end of one of the adjustment plates 308.
The structure of the Z-direction motion assembly 305 is: including frame plate 311, the bottom of frame plate 311 is fixed with motor cabinet 317, install big motor 315 on the motor cabinet 317, lazytongs 316 are installed to the output shaft of big motor 315, lazytongs 316's output is connected with lead screw 312, lead screw 312 runs through the vertical direction of whole frame plate 311, install on the lead screw 312 along its connecting seat 313 of up-and-down motion, connecting seat 313 is inside to be provided with the nut with lead screw 312 complex, connecting seat 313's lateral surface is fixed with magazine fork 314, the installation direction of magazine fork 314 is perpendicular with the axis direction of lead screw 312.
The structure of the material pushing system 303 is as follows: including right-angle plate 322, reinforcing plate 323 is installed to right-angle plate 322's inboard, right-angle plate 322's lateral surface is fixed with a back plate 334, back plate 334's back is fixed with little motor 324, install synchronizing wheel 328 on little motor 324's the output shaft, install hold-in range 326 between two synchronizing wheels 328, push away material pole 325 is installed through the connecting block 327 interlock in hold-in range 326's top, push away material pole 325 follows hold-in range 326 walking simultaneously with connecting block 327, the slider is still installed to push away material pole 325's inboard, the slider is walked along the guide rail.
The structure of the discharge base assembly 304 is: the feeding mechanism comprises a feeding bottom plate 329, wherein the bottom of the feeding bottom plate 329 is supported and fixed through a supporting angle iron 333, one end of the upper surface of the feeding bottom plate 329 is provided with a feeding box 332, and an X-direction movement assembly 306 is arranged on the feeding bottom plate 329 in the feeding box 332.
The specific structure of the X-direction moving assembly 306 is: the device comprises a double-shaft cylinder 321, wherein the output end of the double-shaft cylinder 321 is provided with a piston rod 320, the head of the piston rod 320 is provided with a locking block 319, and a pushing box fork 318 with a U-shaped structure is fixed on the locking block 319; the discharging box 332 is further provided with a discharging strip 330 and a rib 331 on the upper surface.
The Z-direction moving component 305 drives the connecting seat 313 to slide up and down by the power of the large motor 315, thereby driving the material box fork rod 314 to realize the purpose of Z-direction movement
The X-direction moving assembly 306 is composed of two parts, namely a double-shaft cylinder 321 and a material pushing box fork 318, the material pushing box fork 318 is connected with the output end of the double-shaft cylinder 321, and the main body of the double-shaft cylinder 321 is connected with a blanking bottom plate 329. The shaft body is moved by positive and negative pressures of the double-shaft cylinder 321, so that the material pushing fork 318 drives the material box to move in the X direction.
The adjustable cartridge guide assembly 302 allows the entire mechanism to be adjusted for the size of the cartridge, primarily by adjusting the slot in the slotted adjustment plate 308. A buffer mechanism is provided to reduce wear between the magazine and the guide block. When all the tablets in the lower material box are finished, the gear cylinder 309 controls the guide rod to eject out, so that the upper material box is fixed, and the lower material box is driven to an empty material box placing position by the X-direction moving assembly 306.
The working principle of the utility model is as follows:
in practice, a magazine assembly 301 filled with tablets is manually placed into an adjustable magazine guide assembly 302.
Before the material box is placed, the adjustable material box guide assembly 302 is adjusted according to the size of the material box, a track with a proper width is selected, after the material box is placed in place, the material sheet is pushed to the track from the material box by the material pushing system 303, and then the material pushing system 303 returns to the initial position.
From the magazine assembly 301, the tablets are fed to respective tracks for processing.
The Z-motion assembly 305 moves the position of the next material sheet to the pushing position of the pushing system 303, and repeats the above actions. And finishing the material sheet in the material box. The X-direction motion assembly 306 will move the finished cartridge to an empty cartridge placement position.
By adopting the operation process, the feeding or discharging work of the material sheets can be conveniently finished, the operation is convenient, the working efficiency is high, and the working reliability is good.