CN210570165U - Radiator and vehicle - Google Patents

Radiator and vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210570165U
CN210570165U CN201920640107.0U CN201920640107U CN210570165U CN 210570165 U CN210570165 U CN 210570165U CN 201920640107 U CN201920640107 U CN 201920640107U CN 210570165 U CN210570165 U CN 210570165U
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China
Prior art keywords
radiator
heat
heat exchange
channels
groups
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CN201920640107.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
梁晨
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Beijing Automotive Group Co Ltd
Beijing Automotive Research Institute Co Ltd
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Beijing Automotive Group Co Ltd
Beijing Automotive Research Institute Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201920640107.0U priority Critical patent/CN210570165U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/40Application of hydrogen technology to transportation, e.g. using fuel cells

Abstract

The present disclosure relates to a radiator and a vehicle, the radiator is used for the vehicle, including first radiator fin (11) and set up in a plurality of first heat transfer passageway (21) of first radiator fin (11), it is a plurality of first heat transfer passageway (21) divide into at least two sets ofly, every group a plurality of in first heat transfer passageway (21) communicate each other. Through above-mentioned technical scheme, the radiator that this disclosure provided can solve among the prior art radiator occupation space big and the poor problem of radiating effect.

Description

Radiator and vehicle
Technical Field
The disclosure relates to the field of automobile parts, in particular to a radiator and a vehicle.
Background
A fuel cell vehicle is a vehicle powered by electric power generated by a vehicle-mounted fuel cell device, and has the advantages of energy saving, zero emission, no pollution, low noise, high efficiency, high reliability, and the like, however, during the use of the fuel cell vehicle, many devices (such as a cell stack, a motor, and the like) generate a large amount of heat, and in order to ensure that the devices operate under proper temperature conditions, a cooling fluid (such as water) is required to exchange heat with the devices to cool the devices. In order to ensure that the cooling liquid is at a proper heat exchange temperature, the heat carried in the cooling liquid needs to be dissipated out through a radiator.
In current fuel cell vehicles, almost every device requiring cooling is equipped with a separate radiator, i.e., devices requiring heat dissipation, such as a cell stack, a motor, an accessory system, etc., are provided with a separate radiator. These radiators occupy a large space, and the space available in an automobile is limited, so that arranging these radiators in a limited space inevitably causes a phenomenon that the radiators are stacked densely, and in this case, problems such as insufficient heat dissipation, poor heat dissipation effect, and inability to simultaneously satisfy the heat dissipation requirements of the cooling liquid of each device are very likely to occur.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The purpose of the present disclosure is to provide a heat sink to solve the problem that the heat sink occupies a large space and has a poor heat dissipation effect in the prior art.
In order to achieve the above object, the present disclosure provides a radiator for a vehicle, the radiator comprising: the radiator comprises first radiator fins and a plurality of first heat exchange channels arranged on the first radiator fins, wherein the first heat exchange channels are divided into at least two groups, and the first heat exchange channels in the first heat exchange channels of each group are mutually communicated.
Optionally, the heat sink includes a second heat sink sheet located behind the first heat sink sheet and a plurality of second heat exchange channels disposed on the second heat sink sheet, the plurality of second heat exchange channels are divided into at least two groups, each group of the second heat exchange channels is communicated with each other, the number of the groups of the second heat exchange channels is not more than the number of the groups of the first heat exchange channels, and each group of the second heat exchange channels is communicated with the corresponding group of the first heat exchange channels to be connected to the corresponding cooling liquid heat exchange passages.
Optionally, the number of the second radiator fins is multiple, and the second radiator fins are arranged at the rear of the first radiator fin at intervals, and in two adjacent second radiator fins, the corresponding second heat exchange channel groups are communicated with each other.
Optionally, each of the coolant heat exchange passages has an inlet into the heat sink and an outlet out of the heat sink, the inlet being located above the outlet.
Optionally, in the same coolant heat exchange passage, the inlet is disposed on the first radiator fin or the second radiator fin, the outlet is disposed on the second radiator fin, and/or one of the inlet and the outlet is located on the first side, and the other is located on the second side.
Optionally, the inlet and the outlet on the same side of the heat sink are spaced apart along a height direction of the heat sink, wherein the height direction and the transverse direction are perpendicular to each other.
Optionally, one of two inlets of two adjacent cooling liquid heat exchange passages is disposed on the first side, and the other is disposed on the second side.
Optionally, two adjacent first heat exchange channels belong to different groups, and/or two adjacent second heat exchange channels belong to different groups.
Optionally, the first heat exchange channels are defined by first tubes, and the first tubes of adjacent first heat exchange channel groups are connected with each other to form the first radiator fins; and/or the second heat exchange channels are limited by second pipelines, and the second pipelines of the adjacent second heat exchange channel groups are mutually connected to form the second radiator fins.
On the basis of the technical scheme, the present disclosure further provides a vehicle, which includes the radiator in the technical scheme.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, the radiator that this disclosure provided can supply a equipment that needs the cooling in a set of first heat transfer passageway when using for the coolant liquid that cools off this equipment flows in this set of first heat transfer passageway, and its heat can be taken away by the hand-breeze on the surface of first radiator fin, thereby rapid cooling. Based on this, a set of first heat transfer passageway can be connected respectively to a plurality of equipment that need cool off, and through this kind of structure, the coolant liquid that these equipment that need cool off used can all carry out the heat exchange with external new trend to can improve the radiating efficiency effectively. In this case, the radiator provided by the present disclosure actually integrates the individual radiators of a plurality of devices requiring cooling, and therefore, the compactness of the overall structure can be improved, and the available space of the vehicle can be optimized. The vehicle provided by the present disclosure, including the radiator in the above technical solution, has the same technical effect as the radiator, and is not described herein in detail in order to avoid unnecessary repetition.
Additional features and advantages of the disclosure will be set forth in the detailed description which follows.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the disclosure and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the disclosure and together with the description serve to explain the disclosure without limiting the disclosure. In the drawings:
fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a heat sink according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.
Description of the reference numerals
11-first radiator fins, 12-second radiator fins, 21-first heat exchange channels, 22-second heat exchange channels, 3-first coolant heat exchange passages, 31-first inlets, 32-first outlets, 4-second coolant heat exchange passages, 41-second inlets, 42-second outlets.
Detailed Description
The following detailed description of specific embodiments of the present disclosure is provided in connection with the accompanying drawings. It should be understood that the detailed description and specific examples, while indicating the present disclosure, are given by way of illustration and explanation only, not limitation.
In the present disclosure, where the contrary explanation is not provided, the use of directional words such as "upper, lower", "generally" upper, lower "in the direction of gravity when the respective components are in use; in addition, the terms "first", "second", and the like, as used in the present disclosure, are intended to distinguish one element from another, and are not necessarily sequential or important. Furthermore, the term "plurality" as used in this disclosure means not less than two.
According to a specific embodiment of the present disclosure, a radiator for a vehicle is provided, one example of which is shown in fig. 1. Referring to fig. 1, the heat sink may include: a first radiator fin 11, and a plurality of first heat exchange channels 21 provided to the first radiator fin 11. Wherein, the plurality of first heat exchanging channels 21 can be divided into at least two groups, and the plurality of first heat exchanging channels 21 in each group of first heat exchanging channels 21 are communicated with each other.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, when the radiator that this disclosure provided is when using, can supply a equipment that needs cooling in a set of first heat transfer passageway 21 for the coolant liquid that cools off this equipment flows in this set of first heat transfer passageway 21, and its heat can be taken away by hand wind on the surface of first radiator fin 11 to rapid cooling. Based on this, a plurality of devices to be cooled can be respectively connected with a group of first heat exchange channels 21, and through the structure, the cooling liquid used by the devices to be cooled can exchange heat with the fresh air outside, so that the heat dissipation efficiency can be effectively improved. In this case, the radiator provided by the present disclosure actually integrates the individual radiators of a plurality of devices requiring cooling, and therefore, the compactness of the overall structure can be improved, and the available space of the vehicle can be optimized.
In the embodiment of the present disclosure, in order to increase an effective heat dissipation area and improve heat dissipation efficiency, as shown in fig. 1, the heat sink may further include a second heat sink fin 12 located behind the first heat sink fin 11 and a plurality of second heat exchange channels 22 disposed on the second heat sink fin 12. Wherein, the plurality of second heat exchanging channels 22 can be divided into at least two groups, and the plurality of second heat exchanging channels 22 in each group of second heat exchanging channels 22 are communicated with each other. In this configuration, in order to ensure that each group of the second heat exchange channels 22 can be utilized, the number of groups of the second heat exchange channels 22 may be no more than the number of groups of the first heat exchange channels 21, and each group of the second heat exchange channels 22 is communicated with the corresponding group of the first heat exchange channels 21 to be connected to the corresponding cooling liquid heat exchange passages.
The number of the second radiator fins 12 may be set to be plural in order to meet actual heat radiation requirements of different vehicles. Meanwhile, in order to facilitate the arrangement of the second heat exchange channels 22 by the manufacturer, a plurality of second heat dissipation fins 12 may be arranged at intervals behind the first heat dissipation fins 11. In two adjacent second radiator fins 12, the corresponding second heat exchanging channels 22 may be communicated with each other, so as to improve the heat dissipation efficiency and enhance the heat dissipation effect.
In particular embodiments of the present disclosure, each coolant heat exchange passage may have an inlet into the radiator and an outlet out of the radiator. Wherein the inlet is connected to the inlet pipe of the cooling liquid and correspondingly the outlet is connected to the outlet pipe of the cooling liquid. In actual use of the vehicle, the inlet may be located above the outlet. Alternatively, the radiator has a transverse direction and first and second sides opposite in the transverse direction, the first and second heat exchange channels 21 and 22 being parallel to each other and extending in the transverse direction, and therefore, in order to allow the coolant to smoothly enter the first or second heat exchange channels 21 or 22, the inlet and outlet extend in a direction parallel to the transverse direction.
Here, in the same coolant heat exchange passage, the inlet may be provided to the first radiator fin 11 or the second radiator fin 12. In order to reduce the space occupied by the heat exchanging channels in the vehicle, the outlets may be provided in the second radiator fins 12, and/or one of the inlets and outlets may be located on the first side and the other on the second side.
In the embodiment of the present disclosure, referring to fig. 1, the inlets and outlets on the same side of the heat sink are spaced along the height direction of the heat sink, so as to arrange the first heat exchanging channels 21 and/or the second heat exchanging channels 22 on the first heat sink fins 11 and/or the second heat sink fins 12 in order, so as to improve the compactness of the overall structure of the heat sink. Wherein the height direction and the transverse direction are perpendicular to each other.
In an embodiment of the present disclosure, one of the two inlets of the two adjacent cooling liquid heat exchange passages may be disposed on the first side, and the other may be disposed on the second side, so as to improve the compactness of the overall structure of the heat sink.
As in the embodiment shown in fig. 1, there are two coolant heat exchange passages, namely a first coolant heat exchange passage 3 and a second coolant heat exchange passage 4, and the corresponding coolant flows in the direction of the arrow in the drawing in the corresponding first coolant heat exchange passage 3 or second coolant heat exchange passage 4. Wherein the first inlet 31 and the first outlet 32 of the first cooling liquid heat exchange passage 3 are located on different sides. The first inlet 41 and the second outlet 42 of the second coolant heat exchange path 4 are located on different sides. The first inlet 31 of the first coolant heat exchange path 3 and the second outlet 42 of the second coolant heat exchange path 4 are located on the same side and are spaced apart in the height direction.
In the embodiments of the present disclosure, two adjacent first heat exchange channels 21 may belong to different groups. Accordingly, two adjacent second heat exchange channels 22 may belong to different groups.
In the embodiment provided by the present disclosure, the first heat exchange channels 21 may be defined by first pipe lines, and the first pipe lines of adjacent first heat exchange channels 21 are connected with each other to form the first radiator fins 11. Similar to the first heat exchange channels 21, the second heat exchange channels 22 may be defined by second tubes, and the second tubes of adjacent second heat exchange channel 22 groups are connected to each other to form the second radiator fins 12. Of course, in another embodiment provided by the present disclosure, the first heat sink sheet 11 may be an integrally formed structure. The present disclosure is specifically limited thereto.
On the basis of the technical scheme, the disclosure also provides a vehicle which comprises the radiator in the technical scheme.
Through the technical scheme, the vehicle provided by the disclosure has the same technical effect as the radiator, and unnecessary repetition is avoided, and no repeated description is provided herein.
The preferred embodiments of the present disclosure are described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, however, the present disclosure is not limited to the specific details of the above embodiments, and various simple modifications may be made to the technical solution of the present disclosure within the technical idea of the present disclosure, and these simple modifications all belong to the protection scope of the present disclosure.
It should be noted that, in the foregoing embodiments, various features described in the above embodiments may be combined in any suitable manner, and in order to avoid unnecessary repetition, various combinations that are possible in the present disclosure are not described again.
In addition, any combination of various embodiments of the present disclosure may be made, and the same should be considered as the disclosure of the present disclosure, as long as it does not depart from the spirit of the present disclosure.

Claims (10)

1. A radiator for a vehicle, the radiator comprising: the heat exchanger comprises a first radiator fin (11) and a plurality of first heat exchange channels (21) arranged on the first radiator fin (11), wherein the first heat exchange channels (21) are divided into at least two groups, and the first heat exchange channels (21) in each group are mutually communicated.
2. A radiator according to claim 1, wherein the radiator comprises a second radiator fin (12) located behind the first radiator fin (11) and a plurality of second heat exchanging channels (22) arranged on the second radiator fin (12), the plurality of second heat exchanging channels (22) are divided into at least two groups, the plurality of second heat exchanging channels (22) in each group of second heat exchanging channels (22) are communicated with each other, the number of groups of second heat exchanging channels (22) is not more than the number of groups of first heat exchanging channels (21), and each group of second heat exchanging channels (22) is communicated with the corresponding group of first heat exchanging channels (21) to be connected to the corresponding cooling liquid heat exchanging passage.
3. A radiator according to claim 2, wherein the second radiator fins (12) are plural in number and arranged at intervals behind the first radiator fins (11), and in two adjacent second radiator fins (12), the corresponding groups of the second heat exchange passages (22) communicate with each other.
4. The heat sink of claim 2, wherein each of said coolant heat exchange passages has an inlet into said heat sink and an outlet out of said heat sink, said inlet being located above said outlet.
5. Radiator according to claim 4, wherein the inlet is provided on the first radiator fin (11) or on the second radiator fin (12) and the outlet is provided on the second radiator fin (12) and/or one of the inlet and the outlet is located on a first side of the radiator and the other is located on a second side of the radiator, in the same coolant heat exchange path.
6. The heat sink of claim 4, wherein the inlet and the outlet on the same side of the heat sink are spaced apart along a height direction of the heat sink, wherein the height direction and a transverse direction of the heat sink are perpendicular to each other.
7. The heat sink of claim 4, wherein two inlets of two adjacent cooling fluid heat exchange passages are disposed one on a first side of the heat sink and the other on a second side of the heat sink.
8. A radiator according to claim 2, characterised in that two adjacent first heat exchange channels (21) belong to different groups and/or two adjacent second heat exchange channels (22) belong to different groups.
9. A radiator according to any one of claims 2 to 8, wherein the first heat exchange channels (21) are defined by first tubes, the first tubes of adjacent groups of first heat exchange channels (21) being interconnected to form the first radiator fins; and/or the presence of a gas in the gas,
the second heat exchange channels (22) are defined by second tubes, and the second tubes of adjacent second heat exchange channel (22) groups are connected with each other to form the second radiator fins.
10. A vehicle, characterized in that the vehicle is provided with a radiator according to any one of claims 1 to 9.
CN201920640107.0U 2019-05-06 2019-05-06 Radiator and vehicle Active CN210570165U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920640107.0U CN210570165U (en) 2019-05-06 2019-05-06 Radiator and vehicle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920640107.0U CN210570165U (en) 2019-05-06 2019-05-06 Radiator and vehicle

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210570165U true CN210570165U (en) 2020-05-19

Family

ID=70635645

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920640107.0U Active CN210570165U (en) 2019-05-06 2019-05-06 Radiator and vehicle

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210570165U (en)

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