CN210529589U - Cleaning mechanism in front cleaning device of high-speed sweeper - Google Patents

Cleaning mechanism in front cleaning device of high-speed sweeper Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN210529589U
CN210529589U CN201920545895.5U CN201920545895U CN210529589U CN 210529589 U CN210529589 U CN 210529589U CN 201920545895 U CN201920545895 U CN 201920545895U CN 210529589 U CN210529589 U CN 210529589U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
bearing
plate
shaft
driving
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201920545895.5U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
傅燕桥
吕永洪
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhejiang Zhuma Engineering Machinery And Equipment Manufacturing Co ltd
Original Assignee
Zhejiang Zhuma Engineering Machinery And Equipment Manufacturing Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhejiang Zhuma Engineering Machinery And Equipment Manufacturing Co ltd filed Critical Zhejiang Zhuma Engineering Machinery And Equipment Manufacturing Co ltd
Priority to CN201920545895.5U priority Critical patent/CN210529589U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN210529589U publication Critical patent/CN210529589U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model relates to a motor sweeper technical field specifically discloses a mechanism cleans among the leading cleaning device of high-speed motor sweeper, including second drive arrangement (701) and bearing frame assembly (900), second drive arrangement's drive shaft rotates the inside of setting at the bearing frame assembly, second drive arrangement's drive axle head is connected with flange (702) after passing the bearing frame assembly, flange's bottom is equipped with sweeps dish (703), it is equipped with anticollision frame (704) to rotate on the outer wall of bearing frame assembly, the cover is equipped with bolster (705) on the anticollision frame. The utility model discloses both had been difficult to damage and drive arrangement's life-span can not influenced characteristics.

Description

Cleaning mechanism in front cleaning device of high-speed sweeper
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a motor sweeper technical field, in particular to clean mechanism among leading cleaning device of high-speed motor sweeper.
Background
The front cleaning device mainly cleans the areas, such as guardrails and the like, on the road surface, which cannot be cleaned by the middle sweeping disc, and has more obstacles and can often collide with the rigid support, so that the front cleaning device or the obstacles can be damaged; the sweeping disc in the front sweeping device of the existing sweeping vehicle is directly connected to a driving shaft of a driving device, wherein the driving device needs to bear the gravity of the sweeping disc while providing sweeping power for the sweeping disc, so that the stable power supply of the driving device is influenced, and the service life of the driving device is also influenced; in addition, leading cleaning device in current motor sweeper is at the in-process that cleans, often has tiny rope winding on flange, after twining too much rope, can influence the rotation of drive arrangement drive shaft, can make the direct unable rotation of drive shaft even when serious, brings the damage.
Therefore, the front cleaning device in the existing cleaning vehicle has the problems that the front cleaning device is easy to damage and the service life of the driving device is influenced.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model discloses a solve the above-mentioned technical problem that leading cleaning device in the current motor sweeper exists, provide a mechanism that cleans among the leading cleaning device of high-speed motor sweeper, it has the life-span that is difficult to damage and drive arrangement can not influenced characteristics.
The technical scheme of the utility model: the utility model provides a clean mechanism among the leading cleaning device of high-speed cleaning vehicle, includes second drive arrangement and bearing frame assembly, second drive arrangement's drive shaft rotates the inside that sets up at the bearing frame assembly, second drive arrangement's drive axle head is connected with flange after passing the bearing frame assembly, flange's bottom is equipped with sweeps the dish, it is equipped with the anticollision frame to rotate on the outer wall of bearing frame assembly, the cover is equipped with the bolster on the anticollision frame. The utility model has the advantages that the bearing seat assembly is arranged, so that the second driving device is fixed on the bearing seat assembly, the connecting flange connected with the sweeping disc is also arranged on the bearing seat assembly, the driving shaft of the second driving device only provides the rotating driving force for the sweeping disc, and the extra gravity of the sweeping disc can not be born, thereby ensuring that the second driving device has good service life; the utility model discloses a bolster is established to the cover on the anticollision frame, when sweeping the dish and meetting the barrier, the bolster can reduce the rigidity effort between anticollision frame and the barrier, under the effect of bolster, sweeps the dish and also can avoid the barrier, and the bolster makes to sweep dish and barrier all can not damage because of the rigidity collision.
Preferably, the bearing seat assembly comprises a bearing seat, a nut, a stop washer, a first spacer, a first bearing, a second spacer and a second bearing are sequentially arranged in the bearing seat from top to bottom, a first check ring is arranged between the first spacer and the inner wall surface of the bearing seat, and the second driving device is arranged on the bearing seat. The nut enables the connecting flange to be stably connected to the inside of the bearing seat, and extra downward acting force on a driving shaft of the second driving device cannot be generated by the connecting flange; the first spacer sleeve separates the nut from the first bearing, so that the nut is effectively prevented from continuously sliding downwards when rotating along with the connecting flange and influencing the work of the first bearing; the stop washer can prevent the nut from driving the first spacer bush to rotate together with the connecting flange; the first bearing and the second bearing are separated by the second spacer sleeve, so that the distance between the first bearing and the second bearing is fixed and relative movement cannot occur; the second bearing is also used for realizing the stable rotation of the connecting flange along with the driving shaft of the second driving device; the first retainer ring can prevent the first bearing from moving upwards.
Preferably, the connecting flange comprises a flange plate and a connecting shaft sleeve arranged on the flange plate, the connecting shaft sleeve is connected with a driving shaft of the second driving device, the nut, the stop washer, the first spacer, the first bearing, the second spacer and the second bearing are all sleeved on the outer wall surface of the connecting shaft sleeve, and the nut is in threaded connection with the outer wall surface of the connecting shaft sleeve. The connecting shaft sleeve can realize stable connection with a driving shaft of the second driving device, and the flange plate provides a good mounting position for mounting the sweeping disc.
Preferably, the outer wall of the bearing seat is provided with a third bearing, the outer wall of the bearing seat is provided with a second retaining ring corresponding to the third bearing, the anti-collision frame is sleeved outside the third bearing, and the anti-collision frame is provided with a third retaining ring corresponding to the third bearing. The third bearing enables the anti-collision frame to flexibly rotate relative to the bearing seat, so that the sweeping disc can well avoid obstacles; the second retainer can prevent the third bearing from sliding downwards on the bearing seat; the third retainer ring can prevent that the anticollision frame from taking place the lapse between third bearing, guarantees the relative stability who is connected between anticollision frame and the third bearing.
Preferably, the anti-collision frame comprises a third shaft sleeve and a rigid ring, the third shaft sleeve is sleeved outside the third bearing, the third retainer ring is arranged inside the third shaft sleeve, the third shaft sleeve is connected with the rigid ring through a plurality of rigid strips, and the buffer member is arranged on the outer wall surface of the rigid ring. The third shaft sleeve can realize stable connection between the anti-collision frame and the third bearing; the rigid ring and the rigid strip enable the structure of the whole anti-collision frame to be firmer, and the rigid ring also provides a better mounting position for the buffer piece.
Preferably, the buffer member is an inflatable tire. The buffer member formed by the inflatable tire has better buffer effect.
Preferably, the flange plate is provided with a dust cover, and the dust cover is arranged on the outer portion of the third shaft sleeve in a surrounding mode. The dust cover can effectually prevent that tiny rope from twining on flange, can not influence the rotation of drive arrangement drive shaft, more can not have the direct unable rotation of drive shaft for the problem of second drive arrangement damage takes place.
Preferably, the second driving device is a second hydraulic motor. The second hydraulic motor has mature technology, low price and stable driving.
The utility model discloses following beneficial effect has:
(1) the second driving device is fixed on the bearing seat assembly by arranging the bearing seat assembly, wherein the connecting flange connected with the sweeping disc is also arranged on the bearing seat assembly, and the driving shaft of the second driving device only provides a rotating driving force for the sweeping disc and can not bear the extra self gravity of the sweeping disc, so that the second driving device is ensured to have a good service life;
(2) the buffer piece is sleeved on the anti-collision frame, when the sweeping disc meets an obstacle, the buffer piece can reduce the rigid acting force between the anti-collision frame and the obstacle, the sweeping disc can avoid the obstacle under the action of the buffer piece, and the buffer piece enables the sweeping disc and the obstacle not to be damaged due to rigid collision;
(3) the dust cover can effectually prevent that tiny rope from twining on flange, can not influence the rotation of drive arrangement drive shaft, more can not have the direct unable rotation of drive shaft for the problem of second drive arrangement damage takes place.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a first embodiment of the present invention in use in a front-end cleaning apparatus;
FIG. 2 is a second schematic view of the front sweeping device of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view A-A of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a third embodiment of the present invention when used in a front sweeping device;
FIG. 5 is a fourth schematic structural view of the present invention when used in a front sweeping device;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged view taken at A in FIG. 5;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the structure of the front sweeping device at the point of the left-right swinging mechanism;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of a first configuration at the moving plate of the forward cleaning apparatus;
FIG. 9 is a second schematic view of the front cleaning apparatus at the moving plate;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the structure of a push plate in the front sweeping device;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of the front cleaning device at the position of stopping the push plate;
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of the structure of the front cleaning device at the first stand;
FIG. 13 is a schematic view of the structure of the front cleaning device at the second stand;
FIG. 14 is a schematic view of the structure of the front sweeping device at the first link;
FIG. 15 is a schematic view of the structure of the front cleaning device at the second link;
FIG. 16 is a schematic view of the structure of the two-way cylinder in the front sweeping device;
FIG. 17 is a schematic view of the structure at the first mounting frame in the front sweeping device;
FIG. 18 is a schematic view of the structure at the third mount in the front sweeping device;
fig. 19 is a schematic structural view of the anti-collision frame of the present invention;
fig. 20 is a schematic structural view of the connection flange of the present invention;
FIG. 21 is a schematic view of the front-end cleaning apparatus mounted on a sweeper truck;
FIG. 22 is a view showing a state in which the front-mounted cleaning apparatus is simulated in use at a first distance at which the cleaning range is maximum in use at the left and right sides of the head of the cleaning vehicle;
fig. 23 is a diagram showing a state of use in which the front-mounted cleaning device simulates a second distance at which the cleaning range is maximum when used on one side of the left or right side of the front of the sweeper truck.
The labels in the figures are: 100-mounting rod, 101-support plate, 102-locking rod, 103-locking column, 104-jack, 105-sweeper, 106-chassis, 107-hoop, 108-first distance, 109-second distance, 200-guide mechanism, 201-first transverse plate, 202-second transverse plate, 203-third transverse plate, 204-first guide groove, 205-second guide groove, 206-first chain, 207-fixing plate, 208-first adjusting screw, 209-clamping plate, 210-limiting block, 300-moving mechanism, 301-moving plate, 302-sliding block, 303-mounting shaft, 304-first driving device, 305-guide wheel, 306-first chain wheel, 307-first mounting plate, 308-second mounting plate, 309-a third mounting plate, 310-a third mounting hole, 311-a mounting groove, 312-a fourth retaining ring, 313-a fourth mounting plate, 314-a fifth mounting plate, 400-a left-right swing mechanism, 401-a two-way oil cylinder, 402-a first rotating shaft, 403-a first mounting frame, 404-a second chain, 405-a rotating frame, 406-a connecting frame, 407-a first sleeve, 408-a push plate, 409-a second chain wheel, 410-a connecting plate, 411-a thrust plate, 412-a poking rod, 413-an elastic part, 414-a limiting part, 415-a sixth mounting plate, 416-a second adjusting screw rod, 417-a first side plate, 418-a first flat plate, 419-a first bayonet, 420-a first clamping plate, 421-a first elongated hole, 422-a limiting bolt, 423-support plate, 500-up-down swing mechanism, 501-first support, 502-second support, 503-first connecting rod, 504-second connecting rod, 505-first shaft sleeve, 506-second shaft sleeve, 507-first U-shaped plate, 508-first connecting plate, 509-second connecting plate, 510-second U-shaped plate, 511-connecting shaft, 512-waist-shaped hole, 513-first rectangular tube, 514-first sleeve, 515-locking plate, 516-locking block, 517-locking hole, 518-first ear plate, 519-second rectangular tube, 520-second sleeve, 600-angle adjusting mechanism, 601-angle adjusting oil cylinder, 602-third mounting frame, 603-bending plate, 604-rib plate, 605-second ear plate, 606-mounting round hole, 607-a limiting arc hole, 608-a second lug, 609-a fourth mounting hole, 700-a cleaning mechanism, 701-a second driving device, 702-a connecting flange, 703-a cleaning disc, 704-an anti-collision frame, 705-a buffer piece, 706-a flange plate, 707-a connecting shaft sleeve, 708-a third bearing, 709-a second retainer ring, 710-a third retainer ring, 711-a third shaft sleeve, 712-a rigid ring, 713-a rigid strip, 714-a dust cover, 800-a telescopic mechanism, 801-a lifting oil cylinder, 802-a fisheye screw, 803-an internal thread, 804-an external thread, 805-an adjusting sleeve, 806-a limiting nut, 900-a bearing seat assembly, 901-a bearing seat, 902-a nut, 903-a stop washer and 904-a first spacer, 905-first bearing, 906-second spacer, 907-second bearing, 908-first retaining ring.
Detailed Description
The following description is made with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples, but not to be construed as limiting the invention.
A cleaning mechanism in a front cleaning device of a high-speed cleaning vehicle comprises a second driving device 701 shown in fig. 5 and a bearing seat assembly 900 shown in fig. 6, wherein a driving shaft of the second driving device is rotatably arranged inside the bearing seat assembly, a driving shaft end of the second driving device penetrates through the bearing seat assembly and then is connected with a connecting flange 702 shown in fig. 20, a cleaning disc 703 shown in fig. 4 is arranged at the bottom of the connecting flange, an anti-collision frame 704 shown in fig. 19 is rotatably arranged on the outer wall of the bearing seat assembly, and a buffer part 705 is sleeved on the anti-collision frame. The bearing seat assembly comprises a bearing seat 901, a nut 902, a stop washer 903, a first spacer 904, a first bearing 905, a second spacer 906 and a second bearing 907 are sequentially arranged in the bearing seat from top to bottom, a first retaining ring 908 is arranged between the first spacer and the inner wall surface of the bearing seat, and a second driving device is arranged on the bearing seat. The connecting flange comprises a flange plate 706 and a connecting shaft sleeve 707 arranged on the flange plate, the connecting shaft sleeve is connected with a driving shaft of the second driving device, the nut, the stop washer, the first spacer, the first bearing, the second spacer and the second bearing are all sleeved on the outer wall surface of the connecting shaft sleeve, and the nut is in threaded connection with the outer wall surface of the connecting shaft sleeve. The outer wall of the bearing seat is provided with a third bearing 708, the outer wall of the bearing seat is provided with a second retainer 709 corresponding to the third bearing, the anti-collision frame is sleeved outside the third bearing, and the anti-collision frame is provided with a third retainer 710 corresponding to the third bearing. The anti-collision frame comprises a third shaft sleeve 711 and a rigid ring 712, the third shaft sleeve is sleeved outside the third bearing, a third retainer ring is arranged inside the third shaft sleeve, the third shaft sleeve is connected with the rigid ring through a plurality of rigid strips 713, and a buffer piece is arranged on the outer wall surface of the rigid ring. The buffer member is an inflatable tire. The flange is provided with a dust shield 714, as shown in figure 2, which is disposed around the exterior of the third sleeve. The second driving device is a second hydraulic motor.
The front cleaning device of the high-speed cleaning vehicle shown in fig. 1 and 2 comprises an installation rod 100 shown in fig. 22, wherein a supporting plate 101 is arranged at one end of the installation rod, a guide mechanism 200 shown in fig. 21 is arranged in the middle of the supporting plate, a moving mechanism 300 is arranged on the guide mechanism in a matching manner, a left-right swinging mechanism 400 is movably connected onto the moving mechanism, a top-bottom swinging mechanism 500 shown in fig. 4 is movably connected onto the left-right swinging mechanism, an angle adjusting mechanism 600 is movably connected onto the top-bottom swinging mechanism, and a cleaning mechanism 700 is connected onto the angle adjusting mechanism. The guide mechanism comprises a first transverse plate 201 and a second transverse plate 202 which are arranged in parallel, the first transverse plate is transversely arranged on the supporting plate and is connected with the second transverse plate through a third transverse plate 203, the third transverse plate divides the space between the first transverse plate and the second transverse plate into a first guide groove 204 and a second guide groove 205, the first guide groove is positioned above the second guide groove, and a first chain 206 in a tightening state is arranged at the lower part of the first transverse plate. Both ends of first diaphragm lower part all are equipped with fixed plate 207, are equipped with first adjusting screw 208 on the fixed plate, and first chain is located between two first adjusting screw, and the tip of first chain is connected with corresponding first adjusting screw through the round pin axle. The lower end of the first transverse plate is provided with a clamping plate 209, and the first chain is supported on the clamping plate. The fixed plate is an L-shaped plate. The moving mechanism comprises a moving plate 301, one side of the moving plate is sequentially provided with a sliding block 302, one or more mounting shafts 303 and a first driving device 304 from top to bottom, the sliding block is arranged in a first guide groove in a sliding mode, a guide wheel 305 is arranged on the mounting shaft and is arranged in a second guide groove in a rolling mode, a first chain wheel 306 is arranged at the driving shaft end of the first driving device, and the first chain wheel is matched with a first chain; the left-right swinging mechanism is movably arranged at the other side of the moving plate. A first mounting plate 307 shown in fig. 8, a second mounting plate 308 shown in fig. 9 and a third mounting plate 309 are sequentially arranged on one side of the moving plate from top to bottom, the slider is arranged on one side of the first mounting plate close to the second mounting plate, one or more mounting shafts are arranged on one side of the second mounting plate close to the first mounting plate, a third mounting hole 310 is arranged on the third mounting plate, and the first driving device is arranged in the third mounting hole. The one end of keeping away from the second mounting panel on the installation axle is equipped with mounting groove 311, is equipped with fourth retaining ring 312 in the mounting groove, and the fourth retaining ring contacts with the leading wheel. The first drive device is a first hydraulic motor. Two parallel fourth mounting plates 313 are vertically arranged in the middle of the other side of the moving plate, two parallel fifth mounting plates 314 are transversely arranged in the middle of the other side of the moving plate, and a connecting line of the two fifth mounting plates is positioned between the two fourth mounting plates.
The left-right swinging mechanism comprises a bidirectional oil cylinder 401 and a first rotating shaft 402 shown in fig. 7, the bidirectional oil cylinder is transversely arranged on the moving plate, the first rotating shaft is vertically arranged on the moving plate, a cylinder barrel of the bidirectional oil cylinder is provided with a first mounting frame 403 shown in fig. 17, and a second chain 404 in a tightening state is arranged inside the first mounting frame; a rotating frame 405 and a connecting frame 406 are rotatably arranged on the first rotating shaft, the rotating frame comprises a first sleeve 407, the first sleeve is sleeved on the first rotating shaft, a push plate 408 and a second chain wheel 409 are arranged on the first sleeve as shown in fig. 10, the push plate is positioned above the second chain wheel, and the second chain wheel is matched with the second chain; the connecting frame comprises two connecting plates 410 which are arranged in parallel and are shown in fig. 11, the two connecting plates are rotatably arranged on a first rotating shaft, a first sleeve is positioned between the two connecting plates, the two connecting plates are connected together through a thrust plate 411, a poking rod 412 is movably arranged on the thrust plate, one end of the poking rod is contacted with a push plate, an elastic piece 413 is sleeved on the part of the poking rod positioned between the thrust plate and the push plate, and a limiting piece 414 is arranged at the other end of the poking rod; the up-and-down swinging mechanism is connected with the two connecting plates. The plane where the push plate is located is parallel to the plane where the first sleeve is located; the plane of the thrust plate is perpendicular to the plane of the connecting plate, and the plane of the thrust plate is parallel to the plane of the push plate. The cylinder barrel of the bidirectional oil cylinder is provided with a sixth mounting plate 415 shown in fig. 16, and the first mounting frame is arranged on the sixth mounting plate. And the two ends of the first mounting rack are both provided with a second adjusting screw 416, and the end part of the second chain is connected with the second adjusting screw through a pin shaft. The first mounting frame comprises two first side plates 417 and two first flat plates 418, the two first side plates are parallel to each other, the two first flat plates are arranged between the two first side plates, the two first flat plates are arranged on the sixth mounting plate, the second chain is tightly arranged between the two first flat plates, and the second adjusting screw is arranged on the corresponding first side plate. The first rotating shaft is arranged between the two fourth mounting plates, a first bayonet 419 is arranged at the end of the first rotating shaft, a first clamping plate 420 is arranged on the fourth mounting plates, and the first clamping plate is matched with the first bayonet. The both ends on thrust plate upper portion all are equipped with first rectangular shape hole 421, and first rectangular shape hole is towards the one end opening at thrust plate top, and the poker rod activity sets up in the inside in first rectangular shape hole, and the position that lies in first rectangular shape hole on the thrust plate is equipped with spacing bolt 422, and spacing bolt is located the top of poker rod, and the locating part is located the outside in first rectangular shape hole. The elastic piece is an elastic rubber pad or a compression spring. The two-way oil cylinder is arranged between the two fifth mounting plates, and the end part of a piston rod of the two-way oil cylinder is arranged on the fifth mounting plates. The first sleeve is sleeved with a support plate 423, and the push plate is arranged on one side of the support plate. The limiting part is a limiting threaded sleeve.
The up-and-down swinging mechanism comprises a first support 501 and a second support 502 which are arranged in parallel as shown in fig. 12 and 3, a first connecting rod 503 and a second connecting rod 504 are arranged between the first support and the second support, the first connecting rod and the second connecting rod are both arranged in a rotating mode relative to the first support and the second support, the first connecting rod is located above the second connecting rod, a telescopic mechanism 800 is arranged between the first support and the first connecting rod as shown in fig. 5, and the telescopic mechanism is arranged in a rotating mode relative to the first support and the first connecting rod. The telescopic mechanism comprises a lifting oil cylinder 801 and a fisheye screw 802, the base end of the lifting oil cylinder is rotatably arranged on the first support, the fisheye end of the fisheye screw is rotatably arranged at the bottom of the first connecting rod, the inside of the other end of the fisheye screw is of a hollow structure, an internal thread 803 is arranged at the hollow part of the other end of the fisheye screw, the end part of a piston rod of the lifting oil cylinder is in threaded connection with the hollow part of the other end of the fisheye screw, an external thread 804 is arranged on the outer wall of the other end of the fisheye screw, an adjusting sleeve 805 is in threaded connection with the outer wall of the other end of the fisheye screw, and the; the angle adjusting mechanism is rotatably arranged on the second bracket. The first connecting rod is parallel to the second connecting rod. The first support is connected with the two connecting plates, two first shaft sleeves 505 are rotatably arranged on the first support, two second shaft sleeves 506 are rotatably arranged on the second support, the second shaft sleeves on the second support correspond to the first shaft sleeves on the first support, and two ends of the first connecting rod and two ends of the second connecting rod are connected to the corresponding first shaft sleeves and second shaft sleeves. The first shaft sleeve is rotatably arranged on the first support through a pin shaft; the second shaft sleeve is rotatably arranged on the second support through a pin shaft. The first support comprises a first U-shaped plate 507, a first connecting plate 508 and a second connecting plate 509 which are parallel to each other are arranged on the plane side of the first U-shaped plate, the first connecting plate and the second connecting plate are connected with corresponding connecting plates, and a first shaft sleeve is rotatably arranged on the U-shaped side of the first U-shaped plate through a pin shaft; the second bracket comprises a second U-shaped plate 510, the upper part of the plane side of the second U-shaped plate is provided with a connecting shaft 511 shown in fig. 13, the angle adjusting mechanism is connected between the connecting shaft and the second bracket, and the second shaft sleeve is rotatably arranged on the U-shaped side of the second U-shaped plate through a pin shaft. The base end of the lifting oil cylinder is rotatably arranged on the U-shaped side of the first U-shaped plate through a pin shaft, and the lifting oil cylinder is arranged between the first connecting rod and the second connecting rod. The upper part of the U-shaped side of the second U-shaped plate is provided with a waist-shaped hole 512 which inclines upwards, the inclined direction of the waist-shaped hole faces the first connecting rod, and one end of the first connecting rod is movably arranged in the waist-shaped hole through the matching of the second shaft sleeve and the pin shaft. The first connecting rod comprises a first rectangular tube 513 and first sleeves 514 arranged at two ends of the first rectangular tube, the first sleeves at two ends of the first connecting rod are connected to the corresponding first shaft sleeve and the second shaft sleeve, two locking plates 515 shown in fig. 14 are arranged at the upper part of the first rectangular tube and are parallel, a locking block 516 is rotatably arranged between the two locking plates, and a locking hole 517 is arranged on the locking block. The upper portion of backup pad is equipped with locking lever 102, and the plane that locking lever and backup pad were located is mutually perpendicular, and the tip of locking lever is equipped with lock post 103, lock post and lockhole phase-match, and the tip of lockhole is equipped with jack 104. The lower part of first quarter bend is equipped with two first otic placodes 518, and two first otic placodes parallel, and the flake end of flake screw rod rotates through the round pin axle and sets up between two first otic placodes. The second link includes a second rectangular tube 519 and a second bushing 520 disposed at both ends of the second rectangular tube. And the outer wall of the other end of the fisheye screw is in threaded connection with a limit nut 806, the limit nut is positioned beside the adjusting sleeve, and one end of the adjusting sleeve, which is far away from the limit nut, corresponds to the cylinder body of the lifting oil cylinder.
The angle adjusting mechanism comprises an angle adjusting oil cylinder 601 and a third mounting frame 602, the third mounting frame is rotatably arranged at the lower part of the second support, and two ends of the angle adjusting oil cylinder are rotatably connected to the second support and the third mounting frame; the cleaning mechanism is arranged on the third mounting frame. The third mounting bracket includes the board 603 of bending as shown in fig. 18, the department of bending of the board of bending is equipped with two gusset plates 604, two gusset plate parallels, be equipped with two second otic placodes 605 on a gusset, two second otic placodes parallels, be equipped with installation round hole 606 and spacing circular arc hole 607 on the vertical face of the board of bending, the installation round hole is located the top in spacing circular arc hole, the third mounting bracket is connected with the second support rotation through the cooperation between installation round hole and the round pin axle, spacing circular arc hole is connected with the second support rotation through the round pin axle, the one end of angle modulation hydro-cylinder is passed through the round pin axle rotation and is set up between two second otic placodes. The two ends of the angle adjusting oil cylinder are provided with second support lugs 608, the second support lug at the base end of the angle adjusting oil cylinder is rotatably connected with the connecting shaft, the second support lug at the piston rod end of the angle adjusting oil cylinder is rotatably connected with the second lug plate through a pin shaft, and the second support lug at the piston rod end of the angle adjusting oil cylinder is positioned between the two second lug plates. The third mounting rack is rotatably arranged at the lower part of the plane side of the second U-shaped plate. The bending plate is an L-shaped plate.
The cleaning mechanism comprises a second driving device 701 and a bearing seat assembly 900 shown in fig. 6, a driving shaft of the second driving device is rotatably arranged inside the bearing seat assembly, the bearing seat assembly is arranged on a third mounting frame, a driving shaft end of the second driving device penetrates through the bearing seat assembly and is connected with a connecting flange 702 shown in fig. 20, a sweeping disc 703 is arranged at the bottom of the connecting flange, an anti-collision frame 704 shown in fig. 19 is rotatably arranged on the outer wall of the bearing seat assembly, and a buffering member 705 is sleeved on the anti-collision frame. A fourth mounting hole 609 is formed in the horizontal plane of the bending plate, the fourth mounting hole is formed between the two rib plates, and the bearing seat assembly is arranged in the fourth mounting hole. The bearing seat assembly comprises a bearing seat 901, the bearing seat is arranged in a fourth mounting hole, a nut 902, a stop washer 903, a first spacer 904, a first bearing 905, a second spacer 906 and a second bearing 907 are sequentially arranged in the bearing seat from top to bottom, a first check ring 908 is arranged between the inner wall surface of the first spacer and the inner wall surface of the bearing seat, and a second driving device is arranged on the bearing seat. The connecting flange comprises a flange plate 706 and a connecting shaft sleeve 707 arranged on the flange plate, the connecting shaft sleeve is connected with a driving shaft of the second driving device, the nut, the stop washer, the first spacer, the first bearing, the second spacer and the second bearing are all sleeved on the outer wall surface of the connecting shaft sleeve, and the nut is in threaded connection with the outer wall surface of the connecting shaft sleeve. The outer wall of the bearing seat is provided with a third bearing 708, the outer wall of the bearing seat is provided with a second retainer ring 709 corresponding to the third bearing, the anti-collision frame is sleeved outside the third bearing, and the anti-collision frame is provided with a third retainer ring 710 corresponding to the third bearing. The anti-collision frame comprises a third shaft sleeve 711 and a rigid ring 712, the third shaft sleeve is sleeved outside the third bearing, a third retainer ring is arranged inside the third shaft sleeve, the third shaft sleeve is connected with the rigid ring through a plurality of rigid strips 713, and a buffer piece is arranged on the outer wall surface of the rigid ring. The buffer member is an inflatable tire. The flange is provided with a dust cover 714 which is arranged around the outside of the third shaft sleeve. The second driving device is a second hydraulic motor. Both ends of the third transverse plate are provided with limiting blocks 210, and the limiting blocks are simultaneously positioned in the first guide groove and the second guide groove.
The utility model discloses a theory of operation does:
the four mounting rods 100 are fixed on a chassis 106 at the front end of the lower part of the head of a sweeper 105 through a hoop 107 to support the whole sweeping device, a support plate 101 is fixed at the end part of the mounting rods through bolts, a first transverse plate 201, a second transverse plate 202 and a third transverse plate 203 are connected through bolts to form an H-shaped guide groove, specifically, a first guide groove 204 positioned above and a second guide groove 205 positioned below are formed, the first transverse plate is fixed on the support plate through bolts as an inner plate, a sliding block 302 is fixed on a first mounting plate 307 through bolts and is placed in the first guide groove, the sliding block can slide left and right in the first guide groove, the supporting and guiding effects are achieved, and the supporting effect plays a leading role; the three-piece guide wheel 305 is rotatably arranged on the mounting shaft 303, the axial movement of the guide wheel on the mounting shaft is limited through the matching action of the mounting groove 311 and the fourth retaining ring 312, and the three-piece guide wheel is arranged in the second guide groove in a rolling manner and plays a role in guiding; the clamping plate 209 is fixed at the lower part of the first transverse plate through bolts, the first chains 206 are flatly laid on the clamping plate, two ends of each first chain are connected to the first adjusting screw 208 through pin shafts, the first adjusting screw is fixed on the fixing plates 207, the two fixing plates are fixed at two ends of the lower part of the first transverse plate through bolts, and the tightness degree of the first chains can be adjusted through the first adjusting screws; first sprocket 306 is fixed in the drive shaft of first drive arrangement 304 through the parallel key, and first drive arrangement passes through the bolt fastening on third mounting panel 309, and first drive arrangement is rotatory, and it is rotatory to drive first sprocket, and first sprocket moves along first chain, drives whole moving mechanism 300 and moves about, and slider and leading wheel play support and guide effect together, and two stopper 210 play limiting displacement through the bolt fastening at H type spout both ends.
Two ends of a piston rod of the bidirectional oil cylinder 401 are fixed between the two fifth mounting plates 314 through bolts, a cylinder barrel of the bidirectional oil cylinder can move left and right, the first mounting frame 403 is fixed on the cylinder barrel of the bidirectional oil cylinder through bolts, the second chain 404 is flatly laid on the first flat plate 418 and is connected with the pin shaft through the second adjusting screw 416 and then fixed on the two first side plates 417; the first rotating shaft 402 is fixed between the two fourth mounting plates 313, and is fixed on the fourth mounting plates through the matching of a first clamping plate 420 and first bayonets 419 at two ends of the first rotating shaft, the second chain wheel 409 is welded on the first sleeve 407, and forms a rotating frame 405 together with the support plate 423 and the push plate 408, the rotating frame is rotatably arranged on the first rotating shaft 402 and can rotate around the first rotating shaft, and the second chain wheel is matched with a second chain; the connecting frame 406 is sleeved on the first rotating shaft through the connecting plate 410 and can rotate around the first rotating shaft, the first connecting plate 508 and the second connecting plate 509 of the first support 501 are fixed on the connecting plate 410 through bolts, the first support is realized to rotate around the first rotating shaft along with the connecting frame, one end of each of the two shifting rods 412 always props against the push plate 408, an elastic rubber pad is penetrated in the middle of each shifting rod, the other end of each shifting rod is placed into the first elongated hole 421, the elastic rubber pad is tensioned through the limiting piece 414, the elastic rubber pad can also be replaced by a compression spring, the two limiting bolts 422 are screwed into the thrust plate 411 to limit the vertical jumping of each shifting rod, the two-way oil cylinder 401 moves leftwards or rightwards, the hydraulic oil pushes the cylinder barrel to move leftwards or rightwards to drive the first mounting frame 403 to move leftwards or rightwards, so as to drive the second chain wheel to rotate, so as to drive, the rotatory stirring pole that promotes of push pedal removes compression elastic rubber pad, and the elastic rubber pad of compression state produces thrust and transmits to the thrust plate on, and it is rotatory around first pivot to drive the link, and it is rotatory also around first pivot to drive first support to it is rotatory to drive whole sweeping disk 703, and rotation angle can reach 180 degrees, and then makes whole sweeping disk have great operating range who cleans.
One end of a first connecting rod 503 is fixed on a first shaft sleeve 505 through a bolt, the first shaft sleeve is rotatably arranged on a first U-shaped plate 507 through a pin shaft, the other end of the first connecting rod is fixed on a second shaft sleeve 506 through a bolt, the second shaft sleeve is rotatably arranged on a second U-shaped plate 510 of a second support 502 through a pin shaft, one end of the second connecting rod 504 is fixed on the first shaft sleeve through a bolt, the first shaft sleeve is rotatably arranged on the first U-shaped plate through a pin shaft, the other end of the second connecting rod is fixed on the second shaft sleeve through a bolt, the second shaft sleeve is rotatably arranged on the second U-shaped plate of the second support through a pin shaft, and the first support 501, the second support 502, the first connecting rod 503 and the second connecting rod 504 form a parallel four-bar structure capable of moving up and down to realize the up-; the base end of the lifting oil cylinder 801 is rotatably arranged on the first U-shaped plate through a pin shaft, the piston rod end of the lifting oil cylinder is screwed into an internal thread 803 at the hollow structure position of the fisheye screw 802, the fisheye end of the fisheye screw is rotatably arranged between the two first lug plates 518 through the pin shaft, the adjusting sleeve 805 is screwed into an external thread 804 on the outer wall of the fisheye screw, and a limit nut 806 is further arranged at the external thread position on the outer wall of the fisheye screw, so that the adjusting sleeve can be prevented from slightly moving on the fisheye screw due to accidents; when the cleaning device works, a piston rod of the lifting oil cylinder 801 is shortened, the four-bar linkage structure is driven to move downwards, the end part of the adjusting sleeve props against a cylinder barrel of the lifting oil cylinder, the four-bar linkage structure stops moving downwards, the contact pressure of bristles needs to be adjusted along with the abrasion of the bristles on the sweeping disc 703, the limiting nut 806 only needs to be loosened, the adjusting sleeve is rotated again, the adjusting sleeve is made to be far away from the cylinder barrel of the lifting oil cylinder, the four-bar linkage structure can continue to move downwards, the adjustment of the contact pressure of the bristles is easily realized, during the work, the lifting oil cylinder 801 is locked through the hydraulic lock, the pressure is always kept, the sweeping disc can be guaranteed not to jump during the rapid work, the cleaning efficiency is improved, during the work stop, the piston rod of the lifting.
The second lug 608 at the upper end of the angle adjusting oil cylinder 601 is fixed on the connecting shaft 511 and can rotate around the connecting shaft, the second lug at the lower end of the angle adjusting oil cylinder is rotatably arranged between the two second lug plates 605 through a pin shaft, the third mounting frame 602 is rotatably arranged on the second support 502 through a mounting round hole 606 and a limiting arc hole 607, the limiting arc hole is arranged below the mounting round hole, the mounting round hole is rotatably connected with the second support through a pin shaft, the limiting arc hole limits the rotating angle of the third mounting frame, the third mounting frame can rotate left and right relative to the second support, when the piston rod of the angle adjusting oil cylinder retracts and extends, the third mounting bracket can rotate left and right relative to the second bracket, so that the angle adjustment of the sweeping disc 703 is realized, and the camber angle of the sweeping disc is adjusted when the sweeping device sweeps left and right.
The bearing seat 901 is fixed on a bending plate 603 through bolts, a connecting shaft sleeve 707, a first bearing 905, a second bearing 907, a first spacer 904, a second spacer 906, a nut 902, a stop washer 903 and a first retainer ring 908 on a connecting flange 702 form a bearing seat assembly 900, the connecting flange 702 is installed inside the bearing seat assembly 900 and can rotate without falling off, a second driving device 701 is fixed on the bearing seat 901 through bolts, a driving shaft of the second driving device is inserted into the connecting shaft sleeve and is connected through a flat key, and the connecting flange and a sweeping disc connected on the connecting flange cannot generate downward pulling acting force on the driving shaft of the second driving device under the action of the bearing seat assembly, so that the second driving device only needs to provide a rotation driving force, cannot bear additional load, and cannot influence the service life; the sweeping disc 703 is fixed on the flange plate 706 through a bolt, and when a driving shaft of the second driving device rotates clockwise or anticlockwise, the driving connecting flange rotates, so that the sweeping disc is driven to rotate, the second driving device is only responsible for driving rotation, other loads are not borne, and the second driving device is effectively protected.
The anti-collision frame 704 is rotatably arranged on the outer wall of the bearing seat 901 through a third bearing 708, a second retainer 709 and a third retainer 710, and the inflatable tire is arranged on a rigid ring 712, wherein the rigid ring is a steel ring, and the diameter of the inflatable tire is larger than that of the sweeping disc; when the cleaning device works, an obstacle touches the inflatable tire, force is transmitted to the first support 501 to drive the connecting frame 406 to rotate around the first rotating shaft 402, when the connecting frame rotates, the elastic rubber pads in the rotating direction are further compressed, so that the obstacle is crossed, when the obstacle is crossed, the elastic rubber pads in the rotating direction are different in pressure on the two poking rods 412, the elastic rubber pads in the rotating direction push the connecting frame 406 to rotate around the first rotating shaft 402 in the reverse direction, and the whole cleaning device is driven to automatically reset; because the anti-collision frame 704 can rotate around the bearing seat 901, the inflatable tire can be effectively protected when obstacles are avoided. The dust cover 714 is fixed on the flange plate 706 and wrapped outside the connecting shaft sleeve 707, and when a slender rope on the road surface climbs the sweeping disk 703, the slender rope rotates around the dust cover 714 and is wound outside the dust cover, so that the slender rope cannot be wound on the connecting shaft sleeve 707, the connecting flange 702 cannot be locked, and the second driving device cannot be damaged.
The locking block 516 is rotatably arranged between two locking plates 515 through a pin shaft, the locking rod 102 is fixed on the supporting plate 101 through a bolt, when the whole cleaning device is retracted, the locking column 103 on the locking rod is inserted into the locking hole 517 on the locking block, the whole cleaning device is locked and supported by inserting the bolt into the jack 104, and the safety is guaranteed in the transportation process.
The opening and closing of the first drive means 304, the second drive means 701, the two-way cylinder 401, the angle adjusting cylinder 601 and the lift cylinder 801 can be controlled by corresponding switches in the cab of the sweeper 105. Fig. 22 shows a phantom simulation of the sweeping wheel 703 at the extreme left and right ends of the sweeper 105, respectively, with only one sweeping wheel being at either the extreme left or right end of the sweeper, and the first distance 108 in the figure represents the maximum sweeping distance range that the sweeping wheel can move left and right. Fig. 23 shows a phantom simulation of the sweep disc 703 at either the leftmost or rightmost end of the sweeper truck 105, with only one sweep disc being available, only to either the leftmost or rightmost end of the sweeper truck, and the second distance 109 in the figure representing the maximum sweep distance range over which the sweep disc can be swung side-to-side when stationary at either end. The utility model discloses use on professional equipment such as motor sweeper, washing and sweeping vehicle or dirty-suction vehicle.
The utility model discloses following beneficial effect has: (1) by arranging the guide mechanism 200 and the moving mechanism 300, the moving mechanism can be matched with the guide mechanism, so that the moving mechanism can stably slide in the guide mechanism, and the sweeping disc 703 in the sweeping device can sweep the left side and the right side of a road simultaneously under the driving of the moving mechanism, so that the sweeping device has the characteristics of wide sweeping range and good stability; (2) the left-right swinging mechanism 400 is connected to the moving mechanism, so that the sweeping disc 703 has a wider sweeping range under the driving of the left-right swinging mechanism; when the sweeping disc touches an obstacle, the sweeping disc can correspondingly swing under the action of the left-right swinging mechanism, so that the obstacle can be avoided; the left-right swinging mechanism 400 is arranged, so that a long four-bar structure is not needed in the sweeping device, and the potential safety hazard of the sweeper during quick operation is avoided; (3) by connecting the up-down swinging mechanism 500 to the left-right swinging mechanism 400, when the bristles on the sweeping disc are continuously worn, the pressure between the sweeping disc and the ground to be cleaned is reduced, and the pressure between the sweeping disc and the ground to be cleaned needs to be adjusted, the up-down swinging mechanism can realize the tiny and accurate adjustment of the pressure between the sweeping disc and the ground to ensure that the pressure between the sweeping disc and the ground to be cleaned is proper, the good sweeping effect of the sweeping disc is ensured, and the characteristic of better pressure adjustment accuracy is achieved; (4) the angle adjusting mechanism 600 is connected to the up-down swinging mechanism 500, so that the angle between the sweeping disc 703 and the ground can be adjusted, and even if the sweeping disc meets an inclined bottom surface or a pit of the ground, the sweeping disc can also sweep the corresponding ground through angle adjustment of the angle adjusting mechanism, so that the flexibility is good; (5) the first transverse plate 201, the second transverse plate 202 and the third transverse plate 203 are connected to form an H shape, and the upper and lower first guide grooves 204 and the lower and second guide grooves 205 are naturally formed, so that the structure is simple, a stable foundation is provided for a wider cleaning range of the front cleaning device, the supporting and guiding effects are achieved, the large-range movement of the cleaning disc 703 is facilitated, and the stability is better; the first chain 206 in a tight state indirectly moves the sweeping disc in a large range, and plays a role in guiding and power transmission; the first adjusting screw 208 can adjust the tightness degree of the first chain according to needs, so that the functions of the first chain guide foundation and the power transmission foundation can be stably and well realized; the clamping plate 209 can prevent the first chain from naturally drooping due to the self weight, can play a better supporting role, reduces the stretching acting force of the first chain on the first adjusting screws at two ends, and enables the first chain to only provide stable and good realization of the functions of a horizontal direction guiding foundation and a power transmission foundation; the L-shaped fixing plate 207 is convenient to process and manufacture, is also convenient to connect with the first transverse plate 201, and is convenient to mount the first adjusting screw 208;
(6) the sliding block 302 is matched with the first guide groove 204 and is arranged in a sliding mode, so that a better supporting and guiding effect is achieved, and a supporting effect is mainly achieved; the number of the mounting shafts 303 is preferably 2-6, and more preferably 3-5, and the mounting shafts and the guide wheels 305 are matched with the second guide grooves 205 and arranged in a rolling manner, so that a better guiding effect is achieved; the first chain wheel 306 is matched with the first chain 206 to play a role in stably transmitting the power of the first driving device 304, so that the moving mechanism 300 can move left and right in the guide mechanism 200 as required, and the effect of cleaning the large-range sweeping disc 703 can be stably realized; the arrangement of the first mounting plate 307, the second mounting plate 308 and the third mounting plate 309 correspondingly provides a good mounting environment for the slider 302, the mounting shaft 303 and the first driving device 304, so that the corresponding functions of the slider, the mounting shaft and the first driving device can be stably realized; the installation groove 311 and the fourth retainer ring 312 are arranged in a matched manner, so that the guide wheel can be stably installed and rotated on the installation shaft, and the guide wheel is effectively prevented from sliding on the installation shaft; the first hydraulic motor is mature in technology, low in price and stable in driving; the specific positions of the two fourth mounting plates 313 and the two fifth mounting plates 314 provide good mounting positions for the left-right swinging mechanism 400, so that the left-right swinging mechanism can be stably mounted conveniently; (7) the arrangement of the bidirectional oil cylinder 401 can drive the second chain 404 to move left and right, the second chain drives the second chain wheel 409 to rotate, so that the rotation of the rotating frame 405 on the first rotating shaft 402 can be realized, the rotating frame can rotate 180 degrees under the action of the push plate 408 and the two poking rods 412 and can also enable the connecting frame 406 to rotate relative to the first rotating shaft 402, and the rotating frame can realize the rotation of 180 degrees under the drive of the bidirectional oil cylinder, so that the cleaning operation of the cleaning disc within the range of 180 degrees can be realized, and a larger cleaning range is realized; (8) the elastic pieces 413 on the two poke rods 412 enable the sweeping disc to be capable of avoiding when colliding with an obstacle, and after the sweeping disc avoids the obstacle, the sweeping disc can be recovered to the original sweeping position to continue to carry out sweeping action when the two elastic pieces recover to mutually balance elastic acting force, so that the flexibility is good, the rigid collision between the sweeping disc and the obstacle is avoided, and the damage of a front sweeping device or the obstacle is prevented; (9) the specific parallel and vertical arrangement can better transmit the acting force of the bidirectional oil cylinder to the connecting frame 406 through the rotating frame 405, and finally the good realization of the 180-degree sweeping operation range of the sweeping disc is realized; the sixth mounting plate 415 enables the first mounting frame 403 to be stably mounted on the cylinder barrel of the bidirectional cylinder 401, so that the first mounting frame can well receive left-right moving acting force caused by the cylinder barrel of the bidirectional cylinder; the second adjusting screw 416 can adjust the tightness degree of the second chain 404 as required, so that the second chain can provide stable acting force for the second chain wheel, and the second chain wheel can be stably driven to rotate; (10) the first mounting frame 403 formed by the two first side plates 417 and the two first flat plates 418 is simple in structure, and one first flat plate is stably mounted with the sixth mounting plate 415; the first flat plate at the lower part also supports the second chain, so that the second chain is prevented from naturally drooping due to the self weight, the stretching acting force of the second chain on the second adjusting screws at two ends is reduced, and the first chain only provides good realization of the transmission action of the second chain wheel in the horizontal direction; the two first side plates provide a stable mounting position for the second adjusting screw; the whole first mounting frame 403 has a simple structure, but has a reasonable structural design and plays a plurality of roles; the first bayonet 419 and the first clamping plate 420 are arranged in a matched manner, so that the first rotating shaft 402 only plays a role in supporting and movably connecting, and the transmission of the acting force between the rotating frame 405 and the connecting frame 406 cannot be influenced due to the rotation of the first rotating shaft;
(11) the arrangement of the first elongated hole 421 with an opening at one end is convenient for the installation and the disassembly of the poke rod 412 and the observation of the specific limiting effect of the poke rod by the limit bolt 422; the arrangement of the limiting bolt can prevent the poke rod from jumping in the first elongated hole, so that the poke rod can only carry out limited reciprocating motion back and forth in the horizontal direction, interaction in the vertical direction can not occur, and the working stability of the poke rod is ensured; the elastic piece 413 formed by the elastic rubber pad or the compression spring is simple in structure, low in cost, good in deformation recovery performance and high in cost performance; the elastic piece enables the poke rod to be always pressed against the push plate 408; the two fifth mounting plates 314 provide good mounting conditions for horizontal mounting of the bidirectional oil cylinder 401; the support plate 423 is arranged so that the push plate 408 does not need to be arranged on the first sleeve 407 in a close contact manner, so that the push plate can better provide acting force for the poke rod; the limiting screw sleeve is simple in structure and low in cost, and can also play a good limiting role, so that the poke rod 412 can be limited between the push plate 408 and the thrust plate 411 within a limited moving range; (12) the first support 501, the second support 502, the first connecting rod 503 and the second connecting rod 504 form a parallel four-bar linkage structure capable of swinging up and down, the arrangement of the telescopic mechanism 800 between the first support and the first connecting rod can accurately adjust the up-and-down swinging of the parallel four-bar linkage structure, and further, when bristles on the sweeping disk 703 are worn and the sweeping pressure between the sweeping disk and the ground needs to be adjusted, the ground contact pressure of the sweeping disk can be accurately adjusted; (13) the lifting oil cylinder 801 drives the fisheye screw 802 to move, and further can drive the parallel four-bar linkage structure to move up and down to a large extent, the hollow part at the end part of the fisheye screw is provided with an internal thread 803, so that a piston rod of the lifting oil cylinder is in threaded connection with the hollow part at the end part of the fisheye screw, the outer wall at the end part of the fisheye screw is provided with an external thread 804, the external thread at the end part of the fisheye screw is provided with an adjusting sleeve 805, the end part of the adjusting sleeve corresponds to the cylinder body of the lifting oil cylinder, the ground contact pressure of the sweeping disc 703 can be accurately adjusted within a small-amplitude range through the adjustment of the adjusting sleeve on the fisheye screw, and the accuracy of the adjustment of the; (14) the up-and-down moving effect of the whole parallel four-bar linkage structure is better; the two first shaft sleeves 505 and the two second shaft sleeves 506 are arranged, so that the up-and-down movement of the whole parallel four-bar linkage structure is more flexible; the pin shaft connection is adopted, so that the installation and the disassembly are both convenient, and a good rotating effect can be achieved; the structural design of the first support 501 can realize good connection with the left-right swinging mechanism 400 while forming a parallel four-bar linkage structure; the structural design of the second bracket 502 can realize good connection with the angle adjusting mechanism 600 while forming a parallel four-bar linkage structure; the pin shaft connection is adopted, so that the installation and the disassembly are both convenient, and a good rotating effect can be achieved; the lifting oil cylinder 801 can provide stable power for the up-and-down swing of the parallel four-bar linkage structure; the waist-shaped hole 512 which is inclined upwards is arranged, so that one end of the first connecting rod 503 can move in a limited range of the waist-shaped hole under the pulling or pushing action of the lifting oil cylinder, a transition distance is reserved, the parallel four-connecting-rod structure has better flexibility when moving up and down, and the parallel four-connecting-rod structure cannot be damaged due to too rigid connection and too strong rigidity under the pushing and pulling action force of the lifting oil cylinder; (15) the cross section of the first rectangular pipe 513 is of a rectangular structure, so that the processing and the manufacturing are convenient; the first bushing 514 facilitates the connection between the first link 503 and the respective first 505 and second 506 bushings; the arrangement of the locking plate 515, the locking block 516 and the locking hole 517 ensures that the whole front-mounted sweeping device can be locked on the head of the sweeper 105 when being retracted, and the safety is ensured in the walking process; the lock post 103 can be matched with a lock hole on the lock block to realize the locking of the whole front cleaning device when the front cleaning device is retracted on the head of the sweeper; the lock rod 102 can provide support for the whole device fixed on the head of the sweeper; the two first ear plates 518 can be well connected with the fisheye end of the fisheye screw 802, and the rotation of the fisheye end of the fisheye screw cannot be influenced while the fisheye end of the fisheye screw is connected; the section of the second rectangular tube 519 is of a rectangular structure, so that the second rectangular tube is convenient to process and manufacture; second bushing 520 facilitates the connection between second link 504 and the respective first and second bushings; the limiting nut 806 can limit the movement of the adjusting sleeve 805 on the fisheye screw 802, so that the adjusting sleeve can be prevented from slightly moving on the fisheye screw due to accidents, and better ground contact pressure between the sweeping disc and the ground is thoroughly ensured;
(16) the angle adjusting oil cylinder 601 drives the third mounting frame 602 to rotate properly at the lower part of the second support 502, so that the sweeping disc 703 can adjust the sweeping state according to the specific road surface condition, and can sweep inclined ground or pits at the same time, thereby having better flexibility; the two rib plates 604 can increase the strength of the bending plate 603 on one hand, and can provide proper mounting positions for the two second lug plates 605 on the other hand, the mounting circular holes 606 are rotatably connected with the second support through pin shafts, so that the third mounting frame can rotate properly according to the action of the angle adjusting oil cylinder, and further the angle adjustment of the sweeping disc is realized, the limiting circular arc holes 607 are rotatably connected with the second support 502 through pin shafts, and the angle adjustment of the rotary disc can be limited to a certain extent, so that the angle adjustment can be only carried out in the limited range of the limiting circular arc holes, the specific work of the sweeping disc cannot be influenced due to the unlimited angle adjustment of the sweeping disc by the angle adjusting oil cylinder, and certain moderation is realized; the second support lug 608 can realize good rotational connection between the angle adjusting cylinder 601 and the second bracket 502 and the third mounting bracket 602; the sweeping disc 703 can flexibly rotate under the action of the angle adjusting oil cylinder, and the function of adjusting the angle of the sweeping disc 703 is well realized; the L-shaped bending plate 603 can realize good rotary connection between the bending plate and the second support 502, and can realize good support for the cleaning mechanism; (17) by arranging the bearing seat assembly 900, the second driving device 701 is fixed on the bearing seat assembly, wherein the connecting flange 702 connected with the sweeping disk 703 is also arranged on the bearing seat assembly 900, and a driving shaft of the second driving device only provides a rotating driving force for the sweeping disk and can not bear the extra self gravity of the sweeping disk, so that the second driving device is ensured to have a good service life; the utility model discloses a cover establishes bolster 705 on anticollision frame 704, when sweeping dish 703 and meetting the barrier, the bolster can reduce the rigidity effort between anticollision frame and the barrier, under the effect of bolster, sweeps the dish and can avoid the barrier too, and the bolster makes and sweeps dish and barrier and can not damage because of the rigid collision; (18) fourth mounting hole 609 can provide a stable mounting location for bearing housing assembly 900; the nut 902 enables the connecting flange 702 to be stably connected to the inside of the bearing seat 901, so that the connecting flange is ensured not to generate additional downward acting force on the driving shaft of the second driving device 701; the first spacer 904 separates the nut 902 from the first bearing 905, so that the nut is effectively prevented from continuously sliding downwards when rotating along with the connecting flange 702, and the influence on the work of the first bearing is generated; the stop washer 903 can prevent the nut from rotating with the connecting flange 702 and causing the first spacer 904 to rotate together; second spacer 906 separates first bearing 905 from second bearing 907 so that the distance between the first bearing and the second bearing is fixed and no relative movement occurs; the second bearing is also used for realizing the stable rotation of the connecting flange 702 along with the driving shaft of the second driving device 701; the first retaining ring 908 can prevent the first bearing 905 from moving upward; (19) the connecting shaft sleeve 707 can realize stable connection with the driving shaft of the second driving device 701, and the flange plate 706 provides a better installation position for installing the sweeping disk 703; the third bearing 708 enables the collision avoidance frame 704 to flexibly rotate relative to the bearing seat 901, so that the sweeping disc can better avoid obstacles; the second retainer ring 709 can prevent the third bearing from sliding downwards on the bearing seat; the third check ring 710 can prevent the anti-collision frame 704 from sliding downwards on the third bearing, so that the relative stability of connection between the anti-collision frame and the third bearing is ensured; the third shaft sleeve 711 can realize stable connection between the anti-collision frame 704 and the third bearing 708; the rigid rings 712 and the rigid bars 713 make the entire bumper frame 704 more structurally sound, and the rigid rings also provide a better mounting location for the bumper 705; the buffer member formed by the inflatable tire has better buffer effect; the dust cover 714 can effectively prevent the tiny rope from being wound on the connecting flange 702, the rotation of the driving shaft of the second driving device 701 cannot be influenced, and the problem that the driving shaft cannot rotate directly to cause the second driving device to be damaged does not occur; the second hydraulic motor is mature in technology, low in price and stable in driving; the stopper 210 enables the slider 302 and the guide wheel 305 to move back and forth only in the corresponding first guide groove 204 and second guide groove 505, so as to ensure the working stability of the whole moving mechanism 300.

Claims (8)

1. A cleaning mechanism in a front cleaning device of a high-speed sweeper is characterized in that: including second drive arrangement (701) and bearing frame assembly (900), second drive arrangement's drive shaft rotates and sets up the inside at the bearing frame assembly, second drive arrangement's drive axle head is connected with flange (702) after passing the bearing frame assembly, flange's bottom is equipped with sweeps dish (703), it is equipped with anticollision frame (704) to rotate on the outer wall of bearing frame assembly, the cover is equipped with bolster (705) on the anticollision frame.
2. The cleaning mechanism of the front cleaning device of the high-speed cleaning vehicle as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the bearing seat assembly comprises a bearing seat (901), a nut (902), a stop washer (903), a first spacer bush (904), a first bearing (905), a second spacer bush (906) and a second bearing (907) are sequentially arranged in the bearing seat from top to bottom, a first check ring (908) is arranged between the first spacer bush and the inner wall face of the bearing seat, and a second driving device is arranged on the bearing seat.
3. The cleaning mechanism of the front cleaning device of the high-speed cleaning vehicle as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the connecting flange comprises a flange plate (706) and a connecting shaft sleeve (707) arranged on the flange plate, the connecting shaft sleeve is connected with a driving shaft of the second driving device, the nut, the stop washer, the first spacer bush, the first bearing, the second spacer bush and the second bearing are all sleeved on the outer wall surface of the connecting shaft sleeve, and the nut is in threaded connection with the outer wall surface of the connecting shaft sleeve.
4. The cleaning mechanism of the front cleaning device of the high-speed cleaning vehicle as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the anti-collision device is characterized in that a third bearing (708) is arranged on the outer wall of the bearing seat, a second retaining ring (709) corresponding to the third bearing is arranged on the outer wall of the bearing seat, the anti-collision frame is sleeved outside the third bearing, and a third retaining ring (710) corresponding to the third bearing is arranged on the anti-collision frame.
5. The cleaning mechanism of the front cleaning device of the high-speed cleaning vehicle as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the anticollision frame includes third axle sleeve (711) and rigid circle (712), the outside at the third bearing is established to the third axle sleeve cover, the third retaining ring sets up the inside at the third axle sleeve, the third axle sleeve links together through a plurality of rigidity strips (713) and rigid circle, the bolster sets up on the outer wall of rigid circle.
6. The cleaning mechanism of the front cleaning device of the high-speed cleaning vehicle as claimed in claim 1, 2, 3 or 5, wherein: the buffer piece is an inflatable tire.
7. The cleaning mechanism of the front cleaning device of the high-speed cleaning vehicle as claimed in claim 5, wherein: and a dust cover (714) is arranged on the flange plate and is arranged outside the third shaft sleeve in a surrounding mode.
8. The cleaning mechanism of the front cleaning device for the high-speed cleaning vehicle as claimed in claim 1, 2, 3, 5 or 7, wherein: the second driving device is a second hydraulic motor.
CN201920545895.5U 2019-04-19 2019-04-19 Cleaning mechanism in front cleaning device of high-speed sweeper Active CN210529589U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920545895.5U CN210529589U (en) 2019-04-19 2019-04-19 Cleaning mechanism in front cleaning device of high-speed sweeper

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920545895.5U CN210529589U (en) 2019-04-19 2019-04-19 Cleaning mechanism in front cleaning device of high-speed sweeper

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210529589U true CN210529589U (en) 2020-05-15

Family

ID=70592512

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920545895.5U Active CN210529589U (en) 2019-04-19 2019-04-19 Cleaning mechanism in front cleaning device of high-speed sweeper

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210529589U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111749132A (en) * 2020-05-28 2020-10-09 中建隧道建设有限公司 Construction method for lower chord beam of arched beam combined type continuous rigid frame bridge

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111749132A (en) * 2020-05-28 2020-10-09 中建隧道建设有限公司 Construction method for lower chord beam of arched beam combined type continuous rigid frame bridge

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN110106817B (en) Front cleaning device of high-speed sweeper
CN206408571U (en) The additional sweep device and road sweeper of road sweeper
CN210529589U (en) Cleaning mechanism in front cleaning device of high-speed sweeper
CN109044213B (en) Hand-push type floor washing machine
CN210238389U (en) Left-right swinging mechanism in front sweeping device of high-speed sweeper
CN210529588U (en) Leading cleaning device of high-speed motor sweeper
CN106320243B (en) The additional sweep device and road sweeper of road sweeper
CN201192696Y (en) Fast roller replacing apparatus of cold-rolling mill
CN210238390U (en) Translation mechanism in front cleaning device of high-speed sweeper
CN210238391U (en) Up-and-down swinging mechanism in front sweeping device of high-speed sweeper
CN205046513U (en) But lateral shifting and self return just have suction nozzle of keeping away barrier function
CN109056617B (en) Sweeping and washing integrated machine with water scraping rake
CN109338961B (en) Energy-saving and environment-friendly road surface cleaning equipment for vehicle
CN209353269U (en) A kind of compact side brush assembly
CN110953456A (en) Mobile mechanism for offshore wind power monitoring equipment
CN108589494B (en) Road construction is with road surface filling equipment of strickleing off
CN214084527U (en) Automobile support assembly dismounting platform
CN204958298U (en) Shock absorbing device
CN214091234U (en) Fork arm moving structure with dispersed stress and vehicle carrying robot with same
CN212899503U (en) Shock absorber with brake pump support
CN209836910U (en) Ground profiling mechanism for snow cleaning and brushing
CN208747479U (en) A kind of crane guide wheel
CN214653447U (en) Steel construction chassis underframe for lift
CN214028064U (en) Axle with clearance function
CN210795607U (en) Hydraulic winch drum mechanism

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant