CN210519823U - Culture platform for marine ranching - Google Patents

Culture platform for marine ranching Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210519823U
CN210519823U CN201921087634.XU CN201921087634U CN210519823U CN 210519823 U CN210519823 U CN 210519823U CN 201921087634 U CN201921087634 U CN 201921087634U CN 210519823 U CN210519823 U CN 210519823U
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China
Prior art keywords
support
central
floating
platform
automatic retraction
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CN201921087634.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王靖
刘平
刘和炜
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Fishery Machinery and Instrument Research Institute of CAFS
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Fishery Machinery and Instrument Research Institute of CAFS
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Priority to CN201921087634.XU priority Critical patent/CN210519823U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The utility model relates to a culture platform for an ocean pasture, which comprises a central pillar, a floating support structure and an automatic retraction mechanism; the central support is erected on the seabed, and the top of the central support extends out of the sea surface; the floating support structure is sleeved on the central support and can be locked and fastened with the central support; the automatic retraction mechanism is arranged around the floating support structure and is connected with the rope fixing device on the seabed through a rope on the automatic retraction winch; the top of the floating supporting structure and the rope are fixedly provided with netting. The utility model provides a high-strength, typhoon-resistant, mechanized, automatic, humanized aquaculture net cage aiming at the needs of marine fish aquaculture industry.

Description

Culture platform for marine ranching
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a platform is used in marine ranch, particularly, is a box with a net is used in marine ranch that breeds in open sea area.
Background
The shortage of coastal fishery resources and the deterioration of marine ecological environment in China gradually become common problems, the offshore ecological environment and fishery resources are restored, the sustainable utilization of the marine fishery resources is guaranteed, the transformation and the upgrade of fishery industry are promoted, and the method becomes one of the problems which must be solved in the development of modern fishery. The marine ranch as a novel fishery production mode integrating ecological optimization, resource maintenance and environmental friendliness has been paid attention and developed by countries in the world in recent years.
The marine culture is used as an important unit of a marine ranch, each unit consists of dozens of culture net cages, and the safety of the unit is the first essential factor for guaranteeing the production. The traditional net cage has weak typhoon resistance, and is easy to generate great economic loss when encountering severe typhoon; meanwhile, most of the net cages are placed in a bay shallow water area with good wind resistance due to weak typhoon resistance; mechanization and automation degree are not high, a large amount of labor is consumed, labor intensity is high, development of a novel fishery production mode of a marine ranch is limited, a novel aquaculture net cage needs to be developed urgently, and industrial development requirements are met.
In the prior art, the design of the anti-wind-wave submersible aquaculture net cage is generally divided into two types, one type is that the buoyancy of a buoy is changed to realize lifting, the strength of the design is low, and the reliability is deficient; the other type realizes the lifting function through gear and rack transmission, and the net cage with the design has the advantages of complex structure, higher cost and inconvenient maintenance when in failure.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a high-strength, typhoon-resistant, mechanized, automatic and humanized aquaculture net cage aiming at the needs of marine fish aquaculture industry.
The utility model adopts the following technical proposal:
a culture platform for an ocean pasture comprises a central pillar, a floating support structure and an automatic retraction mechanism; the central support is erected on the seabed, and the top of the central support extends out of the sea surface; the floating support structure is sleeved on the central support and can be locked and fastened with the central support; the automatic retraction mechanism is arranged around the floating support structure and is connected with the rope fixing device on the seabed through a rope on the automatic retraction winch; the top of the floating supporting structure and the rope are fixedly provided with netting.
Preferably, a plurality of floating bodies are fixedly arranged on the floating support structure.
Preferably, the floating support structure comprises a sliding sleeve matched with the pillar, the periphery of the sliding sleeve is fixedly connected with the horizontal support and one end of the inclined support, and the other end of the inclined support is fixedly connected with the horizontal support.
Further, the automatic retraction mechanism is fixedly arranged at the end part of the horizontal support.
Furthermore, the automatic retraction mechanism comprises a remote control box, automatic retraction winches and ropes, and the control system is used for controlling the automatic retraction winches in a centralized manner.
Preferably, the device also comprises a pillar base, the bottom of the pillar is fixed on the pillar base, and the outer diameter of the pillar base is larger than that of the pillar; the periphery of the central pillar body is fixedly connected with the periphery of the pillar base through a plurality of stainless steel ropes.
Furthermore, the inclined strut is fixedly connected with the horizontal support through a plurality of short upright posts.
Furthermore, the top of the central pillar is provided with a locking device which prevents the sliding sleeve from sliding out of the pillar when heavy wind and waves occur.
Furthermore, the horizontal support is composed of a central pillar, peripheral root beams and a circumferential root beam, is made of polymer composite materials, and the inclined strut below the horizontal support is made of steel materials.
Before wind and wave, signals are sent to a remote control box on the shore, a winch is automatically wound and unwound to start rope winding, and a horizontal support and an attached structure and equipment of the horizontal support are pulled into the water to the top end of a stainless steel rope with a limiting function of a central pillar to avoid the wind and the wave; after the storm, the winch is automatically retracted and released to loosen the rope until the horizontal support floats to the water surface.
The beneficial effects of the utility model reside in that:
1) the safety and the reliability are high;
2) the net cage has simple structure, lower cost, convenient implementation and popularization and convenient maintenance when in failure;
3) remote control can be realized;
4) the center is supported, so that the stability is good;
5) the design aims of high strength, typhoon resistance, mechanization, automation and humanization are achieved.
6) Besides the floating support structure, the cable also has the function of fixing the net of the net cage, thereby achieving two purposes at one stroke, having ingenious design and needing no additional support structure for arranging the net.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a vertical view of the floating support structure of the cultivation platform for the marine ranch in water.
Fig. 2 is the elevation view of the floating support structure of the cultivation platform for the marine ranch under water.
Fig. 3 is the utility model discloses marine ranch is with breeding platform top view.
In the figure, 1, a strut, 2, a stainless steel rope, 3, a strut base, 4, a strut lock, 5, a sliding sleeve, 6, a diagonal brace, 7, a horizontal bracket, 8, a floating body, 9, a remote control box, 10, an automatic winding and unwinding winch, 11, a cable, 12, a cable fixing device and 13, a netting.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
FIG. 1 illustrates the position of the floating support structure of the present marine farm culture platform in water; FIG. 2 illustrates the floating support structure of the present marine farm culture platform in a position under water; fig. 3 shows a top view of the present farming platform for marine ranch.
Referring to fig. 1-3, the above-mentioned platform for marine ranch, the cultivation net cage is a cylindrical type with a height of 20 m and a diameter of 40 m, is of an electric remote control type, is located 20 nautical miles away from the shore, and is composed of a steel center pillar 1, a pillar base 2, a floating support structure (a horizontal support 7 thereon is composed of a polymer composite material and a floating body for providing buoyancy, the floating body is fixed below the horizontal support 7 by a stainless steel bar), an automatic winding and unwinding winch 10, a cable 11, a remote control box 9, and the like. The central pillar 1 plays a supporting role, is fixed on the seabed by a pillar base 3, and is provided with a steel pillar latch 4 at the top to prevent the sliding sleeve 5 from sliding out of the central pillar 1 in strong wind and strong waves; the floating support structure is connected with the central pillar 1 through a stainless steel sliding sleeve 5, the sliding sleeve 5 is sleeved outside the central pillar 1, and the sliding sleeve 5 can slide up and down along the central pillar 1; when typhoon comes, the floating support structure can be lowered to the underwater by the cable 11 through remote control to avoid the typhoon, and after the typhoon comes, the cable 11 is loosened by remote control to lift the floating support structure; the bottom end of the cable 11 is fixed on the seabed, the other end of the cable 11 is connected to a winch, and the cable 11 has the function of fixing the net cage netting 13 besides the floating support structure; netting is arranged on the side face and the top, the top netting is fixed on the floating support structure, and the side netting is fixed on the cable and the floating support structure.
Referring to fig. 1, a central support 1 of the aquaculture net cage is fixed on the sea bottom through a support base 3, meanwhile, the middle part of the support is pulled in four directions by stainless steel cables 2 and fixed on the base, and a lock 4 is arranged at the top of the central support 1 to prevent a sliding sleeve 5 from sliding out of the support in strong wind and strong waves;
referring to fig. 1 and 3, the horizontal bracket 7 is composed of 12 beams from the center to the periphery of the support and 12 beams on the periphery, is made of polymer composite materials, the lower inclined strut is made of steel materials, and the horizontal bracket 7 and the inclined strut 6 form a support structure of the aquaculture net cage with the support 1 through a sliding sleeve 5; a floating body 8 is arranged below the horizontal bracket 7 to provide buoyancy for the horizontal bracket; a remote control box 9 and an automatic winding and unwinding winch 10 are arranged around the horizontal support 7, signals are sent to the remote control box 9 on the shore before typhoon, the automatic winding and unwinding winch 10 starts to wind a rope 11, the other end of the rope 11 is fixed on a cable fixing device 12, referring to fig. 3, the horizontal support 7 and the attached structures and equipment thereof are pulled into the water to the top end of the central pillar stainless steel rope 2 to avoid wind and waves; after typhoon, the winch 10 is automatically retracted and released to loosen the rope 11 until the horizontal bracket 7 floats to the water surface; referring to fig. 3, the side and the top of the cultivating device are provided with netting 13 with proper mesh size according to the size of cultivated species.
The above are preferred embodiments of the present invention, and those skilled in the art can make various changes or improvements on the above embodiments without departing from the general concept of the present invention, and these changes or improvements should fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a marine ranch is with breed platform which characterized in that:
comprises a central pillar (1), a floating supporting structure and an automatic retraction mechanism;
the central support (1) is erected on the seabed, and the top of the central support extends out of the sea surface;
the floating support structure is sleeved on the central support column (1) and can be locked and fastened with the central support column (1);
the automatic retraction mechanism is arranged around the floating support structure and is connected with a rope fixing device (12) on the seabed through a rope (11) on an automatic retraction winch (10);
the top of the floating supporting structure and the rope (11) are fixedly provided with netting (13).
2. The farming platform of claim 1, wherein: a plurality of floating bodies (8) are fixedly arranged on the floating support structure.
3. The farming platform of claim 1, wherein: the floating support structure comprises a sliding sleeve (5) matched with the central pillar (1), the periphery of the sliding sleeve (5) is fixedly connected with a horizontal support (7) and one end of an inclined support (6), and the other end of the inclined support (6) is fixedly connected with the horizontal support (7).
4. A farm platform for a marine ranch as claimed in claim 3 wherein: the automatic retraction mechanism is fixedly arranged at the end part of the horizontal bracket (7).
5. A farm platform for a marine ranch as claimed in claim 3 wherein: the automatic retraction mechanism comprises a remote control box (9), automatic retraction winches (10) and ropes (11), and the control system is used for controlling the automatic retraction winches in a centralized manner.
6. The farming platform of claim 1, wherein: the support column is characterized by further comprising a support column base (3), the bottom of the central support column (1) is fixed on the support column base (3), and the outer diameter of the support column base (3) is larger than that of the central support column (1); the periphery of the column body of the central column (1) is fixedly connected with the periphery of the column base (3) through a plurality of stainless steel ropes (2).
7. A farm platform for a marine ranch as claimed in claim 3 wherein: the inclined strut (6) and the horizontal bracket (7) are fixedly connected through a plurality of short upright posts.
8. A farm platform for a marine ranch as claimed in claim 3 wherein: the top of the central pillar (1) is provided with a clamping lock (4) for preventing the sliding sleeve (5) from sliding out of the pillar when heavy wind and waves occur.
9. A farm platform for a marine ranch as claimed in claim 3 wherein: the horizontal support (7) is composed of 12 beams from the center pillar to the periphery and 12 beams on the periphery, is made of polymer composite materials, and the inclined strut (6) below the horizontal support is made of steel materials.
CN201921087634.XU 2019-07-10 2019-07-10 Culture platform for marine ranching Active CN210519823U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921087634.XU CN210519823U (en) 2019-07-10 2019-07-10 Culture platform for marine ranching

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921087634.XU CN210519823U (en) 2019-07-10 2019-07-10 Culture platform for marine ranching

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210519823U true CN210519823U (en) 2020-05-15

Family

ID=70597609

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921087634.XU Active CN210519823U (en) 2019-07-10 2019-07-10 Culture platform for marine ranching

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN210519823U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112005940B (en) * 2020-10-27 2021-01-29 山东省海洋资源与环境研究院(山东省海洋环境监测中心、山东省水产品质量检验中心) Marine ranching multifunctional platform with float raft type culture device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112005940B (en) * 2020-10-27 2021-01-29 山东省海洋资源与环境研究院(山东省海洋环境监测中心、山东省水产品质量检验中心) Marine ranching multifunctional platform with float raft type culture device

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