CN210452770U - Automatic clamping device - Google Patents

Automatic clamping device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210452770U
CN210452770U CN201920680583.5U CN201920680583U CN210452770U CN 210452770 U CN210452770 U CN 210452770U CN 201920680583 U CN201920680583 U CN 201920680583U CN 210452770 U CN210452770 U CN 210452770U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
clamping
lead screw
clamping device
driving mechanism
transmission shaft
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Application number
CN201920680583.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈小雨
刘东兴
陈闯
南寅
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Sooar Beijing Investmnt Management Group Co ltd
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Sooar Beijing Investmnt Management Group Co ltd
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Priority to CN201920680583.5U priority Critical patent/CN210452770U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an automatic clamping device, include: the lifting mechanism is provided with a first driving mechanism, a transmission shaft and a sliding block, one end of the transmission shaft is connected with the first driving mechanism, the other end of the transmission shaft penetrates through the sliding block, and the first driving mechanism can drive the transmission shaft and the sliding block to do longitudinal linear reciprocating motion; the auxiliary lifting mechanism is connected with the clamping mechanism; the clamping mechanism is respectively connected with the lifting mechanism and the auxiliary lifting mechanism, and can do longitudinal linear reciprocating motion under the driving of the lifting mechanism or the auxiliary lifting mechanism. The device is simple in structure and high in efficiency, and can be used for accurately positioning through the driving mechanism and clamping and transmitting heavy workpieces by means of the auxiliary lifting device.

Description

Automatic clamping device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an automatic supporting apparatus for producing of assembly line especially relates to a clamping device.
Background
In production and assembly lines, a large number of clamping and conveying devices are used for matching with a mechanical arm to complete the grabbing and transferring of workpieces, the workpieces are conveyed at different work stations, and the equipment requires accurate positioning and high transmission efficiency and can meet the transfer of the workpieces of various specifications. At present, the existing transmission device has large volume, complex structure and single function, so that the high-efficiency transmission device, particularly the transmission device meeting the requirement of transferring workpieces with larger mass, is the direction of long-term attention of technical personnel.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing a novel clamping device, overcome not enough among the current clamping device technique, realize the transfer of work piece especially big quality work piece, fix a position accurately, transmission efficiency is high.
An automated clamping device comprising:
the lifting mechanism is provided with a first driving mechanism, a transmission shaft and a sliding block, one end of the transmission shaft is connected with the first driving mechanism, the other end of the transmission shaft penetrates through the sliding block, and the first driving mechanism can drive the transmission shaft and the sliding block to do longitudinal linear reciprocating motion;
the auxiliary lifting mechanism is connected with the clamping mechanism;
the clamping mechanism is respectively connected with the lifting mechanism and the auxiliary lifting mechanism, and can do longitudinal linear reciprocating motion under the driving of the lifting mechanism or the auxiliary lifting mechanism.
In a preferred implementation, the lifting mechanism further includes a transmission mechanism, and the transmission mechanism is respectively connected to the first driving mechanism and one end of the transmission shaft.
In a preferred embodiment, the transmission mechanism is a belt transmission.
In a preferred implementation, the transmission shaft is provided with uniformly distributed threads, the sliding block is provided with threaded holes capable of accommodating the transmission shaft, and the threaded holes correspond to the uniformly distributed threads on the transmission shaft.
In a preferred implementation, the lifting mechanism further comprises a supporting plate, the supporting plate is fixedly connected with the sliding block, and a T-shaped groove is formed in one end of the supporting plate.
In a preferred embodiment, a T-shaped groove is provided at one end of the slider.
In a preferred implementation, a connecting plate is arranged between the lifting mechanism and the clamping mechanism, the connecting plate is connected with the sliding block through a T-shaped block, and one end of the T-shaped block is matched with the T-shaped groove.
In a preferred implementation, a plurality of clamping plates are arranged in the circumferential direction of the connecting plate, one end of each clamping plate is clamped on the connecting plate, and the other end of each clamping plate is clamped on the supporting seat of the clamping mechanism.
In a preferred embodiment, one end of the auxiliary lifting mechanism is fixed to the connecting plate.
In a preferred implementation, the clamping mechanism includes a supporting seat, a second driving mechanism and clamping jaws, and the clamping jaws are respectively located at two ends of the supporting seat and can be driven by the second driving mechanism to perform reverse linear motion.
In a preferred implementation, the clamping mechanism further includes a first lead screw and a second lead screw, one end of the first lead screw and one end of the second lead screw are respectively in contact with the second driving mechanism, and the other end of the first lead screw and the other end of the second lead screw are respectively connected with the clamping jaw.
In a preferred implementation, the first lead screw and the second lead screw are provided with threads matched with the clamping jaws, and the threads on the first lead screw are opposite to the threads on the second lead screw in direction.
In a preferred implementation, a first tapered surface is provided at an end of the second driving mechanism, a second tapered surface is provided at an end of the first lead screw, a third tapered surface is provided at an end of the second lead screw, and the second tapered surface and the third tapered surface are respectively matched with the first tapered surface.
In a preferred implementation, a guide boss is arranged on the support seat, and the clamping jaw can make reverse linear reciprocating motion along the guide boss under the drive of the second driving mechanism.
In a preferred implementation, two ends of the supporting seat are respectively and fixedly provided with a limiting block, so that the maximum movement range of the clamping jaw on the supporting seat is limited.
In a preferred implementation, the automatic clamping device further comprises a guide mechanism, and the lifting mechanism and the auxiliary lifting mechanism can drive the clamping mechanism to linearly reciprocate longitudinally along the guide mechanism.
The utility model discloses an automatic clamping device's characteristics and advantage are: the first driving mechanism cooperates with the auxiliary lifting device to realize longitudinal reciprocating movement of the clamping device through the lifting device, and the second driving mechanism drives the clamping jaw of the clamping device to transversely and reversely reciprocate linearly; due to the participation of the auxiliary lifting device, the automatic clamping device can realize the accurate transfer and transmission of the large-mass workpiece; the transmission device is simple in structure, accurate in positioning and high in efficiency.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the automatic clamping device of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is an exploded schematic view of the lifting mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the connection structure of the lifting mechanism and the clamping mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a partially enlarged schematic view of fig. 3 according to the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of the clamping mechanism of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those skilled in the art will be able to make no inventive changes
All other embodiments obtained on the premise of labor belong to the protection scope of the utility model.
The terms of orientation of the present invention such as "upper", "lower", "left", "right", etc. are based on the position shown in fig. 1.
As shown in fig. 1, the utility model provides a clamping device, including fixing base 100, elevating system 200, fixture 300, supplementary elevating system 400 and guiding mechanism 500, elevating system 200, supplementary elevating system 400 and guiding mechanism 500 all locate on the fixing base 100, elevating system 200 with supplementary elevating system 400 can drive fixture 300 follows the vertical straight reciprocating motion of guiding mechanism 500.
One end of the lifting mechanism 200 passes through the fixing base 100 to be connected to the clamping mechanism 300, specifically, as shown in fig. 1 and fig. 2, the lifting mechanism 200 includes a first driving mechanism 201, the first driving mechanism 201 is disposed on a fixing plate 202, and the fixing plate 202 is disposed perpendicular to the fixing base 100. The first driving mechanism 201 is connected to a transmission mechanism 203, and when the first driving mechanism 201 rotates, the first driving mechanism 201 can drive the transmission mechanism 203 to rotate. The transmission mechanism 203 is connected with one end of a transmission shaft 204, and when the transmission mechanism 203 rotates, the transmission shaft 204 can be driven to rotate, so that the transmission of power and the change of the transmission direction are realized. In this embodiment, the transmission mechanism 203 is a belt transmission. The first driving mechanism 201 may be a cylinder, a motor, a module, or a gear transmission, and in this embodiment, the first driving mechanism 201 is driven by a motor.
The drive shaft 204 is provided with evenly distributed threads (not shown). The other end of the transmission shaft 204 passes through a sliding block 205, and a threaded hole capable of accommodating the transmission shaft 204 is formed in the sliding block 205 and corresponds to threads uniformly distributed on the transmission shaft 204. Two ends of the sliding block 205 are respectively fixed with a guide block 207, a groove is arranged on the guide block 207, the groove is matched with a guide rail 208 which is arranged on the fixing plate 202 and protrudes, and when the transmission shaft 204 rotates, the sliding block 205 and the guide block 207 can move linearly relative to the fixing plate 202 under the driving of the transmission shaft 204. A support plate 206 is further fixedly arranged on one side of the slide block 205 corresponding to the guide block 207, namely: the sliding block 205 is located between the guide block 207 and the support plate 206, and the sliding block 205 is respectively and fixedly connected with the guide block 207 and the support plate 206, and when the sliding block 205 and the guide block 207 move linearly under the driving of the transmission shaft 204, the support plate 206 can move synchronously with the sliding block 205 and the guide block 207. Of course, the sliding block 205, the supporting plate 206 and the guiding block 207 may also be integrally formed, and the above effects can also be achieved, and compared with the integrally formed structure, the advantage of the assembly after the three parts are separately processed is that the process is simple and the processing cost can be saved.
With continued reference to fig. 1 to 4, the lifting mechanism 200 is connected to the clamping mechanism 300, specifically, a connecting plate 600 is disposed between the lifting mechanism 200 and the clamping mechanism 300, the lifting mechanism 200 is connected to the connecting plate 600 through a T-shaped block 601, a T-shaped groove 209 is disposed at one end of the supporting plate 206 of the lifting mechanism 200 close to the connecting plate 600, one end of the T-shaped block 601 is matched with the T-shaped groove, and the other end of the T-shaped block 601 passes through the connecting plate 600 and then is fixed to a stopper 602, so as to connect the lifting mechanism 200 to the connecting plate 600.
Further, a plurality of clamping plates 603 are arranged in the circumferential direction of the connecting plate 600, one ends of the clamping plates 603 are clamped on the connecting plate 600, the other ends of the clamping plates 603 are clamped on the supporting seat 301 of the clamping mechanism 300, so that the connecting plate 600 is connected with the clamping mechanism 300, the lifting mechanism 200 is connected with the clamping mechanism 300, and when the supporting plate 206 moves linearly, the supporting plate 206 can drive the clamping mechanism 300 to move linearly.
One end of the auxiliary lifting mechanism 400 penetrates through the fixing seat 100 and is fixed to the connecting plate 600, and the auxiliary lifting mechanism 400 is driven to drive the connecting plate 600 to move linearly, so that the clamping mechanism 300 can be driven to move linearly.
Referring to fig. 5, the clamping mechanism 300 includes a supporting seat 301, a second driving mechanism 302, a first lead screw 303, a second lead screw 304 and a plurality of clamping jaws 305, the second driving mechanism 302, the first lead screw 303, the second lead screw 304 and the plurality of clamping jaws 305 are all disposed on the supporting seat 301, a first tapered surface 308 is disposed at an end portion of the second driving mechanism 302, the first lead screw 303 and the second lead screw 304 are respectively disposed at two sides of the second driving mechanism 302, a second tapered surface 310 is disposed at an end portion of the first lead screw 303 close to the second driving mechanism 302, a third tapered surface 309 is disposed at an end portion of the second lead screw 304 close to the second driving mechanism 302, the second tapered surface 310 and the third tapered surface 309 are disposed at two sides of the first tapered surface 308 and respectively cooperate with the first tapered surface 308, under driving of the second driving mechanism 302, the first conical surface 308 starts to rotate, so that the first lead screw 303 and the second lead screw 304 are driven to rotate by the second conical surface 310 and the third conical surface 309, and when the first conical surface 308 rotates clockwise, the second conical surface 310 and the third conical surface 309 rotate counterclockwise, that is: the first lead screw 303 and the second lead screw 304 rotate in the same direction, and are opposite to the direction of the first tapered surface 308. Threads (not shown in the figures) matched with the clamping jaws 305 are arranged on the first lead screw 303 and the second lead screw 304, and the direction of the threads on the first lead screw 303 is opposite to that of the threads on the second lead screw 304, so that the clamping jaws respectively connected with the first lead screw 303 and the second lead screw 304 can be ensured to move relatively, and the material can be grabbed. In this embodiment, the second driving device 302 is driven by a motor.
Preferably, a guide boss 306 is provided on the support base 301, and the clamping jaw 305 is driven by the second driving mechanism 302 to perform a reverse linear reciprocating motion along the guide boss 306. Two ends of the supporting base 301 are respectively and fixedly provided with a limiting block 307, so that the maximum movement range of the clamping jaw 305 on the supporting base 301 is limited.
The utility model discloses an automatic clamping device's theory of operation: the first driving mechanism 201 cooperates with the auxiliary lifting mechanism 400 to realize the longitudinal reciprocating movement of the clamping mechanism 300 through the lifting mechanism 200, and the second driving mechanism 302 drives the clamping jaws 305 of the clamping mechanism 300 to realize the transverse relative linear movement. Because of the participation of the auxiliary lifting device 400, the automatic clamping device can realize the accurate transfer and transmission of the large-mass workpiece, and the transmission device has simple structure, accurate positioning and high efficiency.

Claims (10)

1. An automatic clamping device, comprising:
the lifting mechanism (200) is provided with a first driving mechanism (201), a transmission shaft (204) and a sliding block (205), one end of the transmission shaft (204) is connected with the first driving mechanism (201), the other end of the transmission shaft penetrates through the sliding block (205), and the first driving mechanism (201) can drive the transmission shaft (204) and the sliding block (205) to longitudinally and linearly reciprocate;
the auxiliary lifting mechanism (400), the auxiliary lifting mechanism (400) is connected with the clamping mechanism (300);
the clamping mechanism (300), the clamping mechanism (300) respectively with elevating system (200) with supplementary elevating system (400) link to each other, the clamping mechanism (300) can be in elevating system (200) or the drive of supplementary elevating system (400) down vertical straight reciprocating motion.
2. An automatic clamping device according to claim 1, characterized in that the lifting mechanism (200) further comprises a transmission mechanism (203), and the transmission mechanism (203) is connected with one end of the first driving mechanism (201) and one end of the transmission shaft (204), respectively.
3. An automatic clamping device according to claim 2, characterised in that the transmission mechanism (203) is a belt transmission.
4. The automatic clamping device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the lifting mechanism (200) further comprises a support plate (206), the support plate (206) is fixedly connected with the sliding block (205), and a T-shaped groove (209) is formed at one end of the support plate (206).
5. An automatic clamping device according to claim 1, characterized in that a T-shaped groove (209) is provided at one end of the slide (205).
6. An automatic clamping device according to claim 4 or 5, characterized in that a connecting plate (600) is arranged between the lifting mechanism (200) and the clamping mechanism (300), the connecting plate (600) is connected with the sliding block (205) through a T-shaped block (601), and one end of the T-shaped block (601) is matched with the T-shaped groove (209).
7. An automatic clamping device as claimed in claim 6, wherein a plurality of clamping plates (603) are arranged on the circumferential direction of the connecting plate (600), one end of each clamping plate (603) is clamped on the connecting plate (600), and the other end of each clamping plate (603) is clamped on the supporting seat (301) of the clamping mechanism (300).
8. The automatic clamping device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the clamping mechanism (300) comprises a supporting base (301), a second driving mechanism (302) and a clamping jaw (305), and the clamping jaw (305) is respectively located at two ends of the supporting base (301) and can be driven by the second driving mechanism (302) to move in a reverse linear direction.
9. An automatic clamping device according to claim 8, characterized in that the clamping mechanism (300) further comprises a first lead screw (303) and a second lead screw (304), one end of the first lead screw (303) and one end of the second lead screw (304) are respectively in contact with the second driving mechanism (302), and the other end of the first lead screw is respectively connected with the clamping jaw (305).
10. An automatic clamping device according to claim 9, characterized in that a first conical surface (308) is provided at the end of the second driving mechanism (302), a second conical surface (310) is provided at the end of the first lead screw (303), a third conical surface (309) is provided at the end of the second lead screw (304), and the second conical surface (310) and the third conical surface (309) are respectively matched with the first conical surface (308).
CN201920680583.5U 2019-05-14 2019-05-14 Automatic clamping device Active CN210452770U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920680583.5U CN210452770U (en) 2019-05-14 2019-05-14 Automatic clamping device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920680583.5U CN210452770U (en) 2019-05-14 2019-05-14 Automatic clamping device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210452770U true CN210452770U (en) 2020-05-05

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920680583.5U Active CN210452770U (en) 2019-05-14 2019-05-14 Automatic clamping device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210452770U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111618780A (en) * 2020-05-09 2020-09-04 苏州浪潮智能科技有限公司 Tool is dismantled to CPU base backplate safety cover
CN111736290A (en) * 2020-06-23 2020-10-02 武汉光迅科技股份有限公司 Lens clamping device
CN112191292A (en) * 2020-11-16 2021-01-08 温煦 Leaf spring type combined beaker bracket and beaker moving device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111618780A (en) * 2020-05-09 2020-09-04 苏州浪潮智能科技有限公司 Tool is dismantled to CPU base backplate safety cover
CN111736290A (en) * 2020-06-23 2020-10-02 武汉光迅科技股份有限公司 Lens clamping device
CN112191292A (en) * 2020-11-16 2021-01-08 温煦 Leaf spring type combined beaker bracket and beaker moving device

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