CN210452371U - Shot blasting machine - Google PatentsShot blasting machine Download PDF
- Publication number
- CN210452371U CN210452371U CN201921338331.0U CN201921338331U CN210452371U CN 210452371 U CN210452371 U CN 210452371U CN 201921338331 U CN201921338331 U CN 201921338331U CN 210452371 U CN210452371 U CN 210452371U
- Prior art keywords
- shot blasting
- blasting machine
- conveying pipe
- Prior art date
- Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
- 238000005422 blasting Methods 0.000 title claims abstract description 45
- 239000012535 impurity Substances 0.000 claims description 18
- 238000003860 storage Methods 0.000 claims description 6
- 238000007599 discharging Methods 0.000 claims description 4
- 239000000463 material Substances 0.000 claims description 2
- 239000006187 pill Substances 0.000 abstract description 29
- 229940023488 Pill Drugs 0.000 abstract description 19
- 230000000694 effects Effects 0.000 abstract description 3
- 229910000831 Steel Inorganic materials 0.000 description 6
- 239000002245 particle Substances 0.000 description 6
- 239000010959 steel Substances 0.000 description 6
- 230000005484 gravity Effects 0.000 description 5
- 238000000034 method Methods 0.000 description 5
- 239000002699 waste material Substances 0.000 description 4
- 239000000428 dust Substances 0.000 description 3
- 238000004140 cleaning Methods 0.000 description 2
- 239000012141 concentrate Substances 0.000 description 2
- 229910052751 metal Inorganic materials 0.000 description 2
- 239000002184 metal Substances 0.000 description 2
- 150000002739 metals Chemical class 0.000 description 2
- 239000000047 product Substances 0.000 description 2
- 238000011084 recovery Methods 0.000 description 2
- 238000005266 casting Methods 0.000 description 1
- 230000000875 corresponding Effects 0.000 description 1
- 125000004122 cyclic group Chemical group 0.000 description 1
- 239000000706 filtrate Substances 0.000 description 1
- 238000001914 filtration Methods 0.000 description 1
- 239000008187 granular material Substances 0.000 description 1
- 239000000203 mixture Substances 0.000 description 1
- 239000010813 municipal solid waste Substances 0.000 description 1
- 238000005096 rolling process Methods 0.000 description 1
- 239000004576 sand Substances 0.000 description 1
- 238000004381 surface treatment Methods 0.000 description 1
- 238000003466 welding Methods 0.000 description 1
The utility model relates to a shot blasting machine, including body and the impeller head of setting at the body top, the body bottom is connected with the conveyer pipe, conveyer pipe other end slope is connected with hoisting device downwards, hoisting device includes motor, casing, two rotates runner, the tensioning of connecting both ends about the casing respectively and winds the elevator belt on two runners, evenly be provided with a plurality of hoppers along length direction on the elevator belt, the casing lower extreme is provided with the feed bin, in the conveyer pipe extends to the feed bin, when the hopper moves to the extreme low position along with the elevator belt, the feed bin bottom surface was wiped to the hopper, the casing upper end is provided with the blown down tank, after the hopper passes through highest position along with the elevator belt, the hopper turned to the blown down tank, the blown down tank other end is downward and the impeller head intercommunication. The utility model discloses have the automatic pill of retrieving, reduce operator intensity of labour's effect.
The utility model belongs to the technical field of metalwork surface treatment's technique and specifically relates to a shot blasting machine is related to.
Shot blasting machines are casting devices that clean or strengthen the surface of castings by using high-speed shots ejected from shot blasting machines, and the shot blasting machines strike the surface of metals by one or more kinds of sand, remove some attachments, such as rust, on the surface of the metals, or obtain a specific and superficial layer by shot blasting.
Chinese patent with publication number CN106363536A discloses a shot blasting machine, including the shot blasting machine body, the both sides of shot blasting machine body are equipped with feed inlet and discharge gate, the feed inlet department of shot blasting machine body is equipped with the feed zone, be equipped with the feed wagon on the feed zone, the discharge gate end of shot blasting machine body is equipped with the roll table, the top of roll table is equipped with highly-compressed air and sweeps the pipeline, the inside top of shot blasting machine body is equipped with shot-blasting machine, the top of shot blasting machine body is equipped with the aspirator, be equipped with the blast pipe on the aspirator, it has the filtrate case to link on the blast pipe, the bottom of shot blasting machine body is equipped with recovery unit, be equipped with two first steel sieves and the second steel sieve that the. When the shot blasting machine works, the air suction machine is started simultaneously to suck gas and dust generated when the shot blasting machine works, so that air is purified, and meanwhile, pills falling down after the shot blasting machine stops are subjected to dust removal and impurity removal treatment through the first steel screen and the second steel screen.
The above prior art solutions have the following drawbacks: the balls enter a finished product collecting tank after being subjected to dust removal and impurity removal treatment through the first steel screen and the second steel screen, the balls need to be manually conveyed to a shot blasting device, the operation is inconvenient, and the labor intensity is high.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing an automatic shot-blasting machine of retrieving pill has the advantage that reduces operator intensity of labour.
The above utility model discloses an above-mentioned utility model purpose can realize through following technical scheme: the utility model provides a shot blasting machine, includes the body and sets up the impeller head at the body top, and the body bottom is connected with the conveyer pipe, conveyer pipe other end slope is connected with hoisting device downwards, hoisting device includes motor, casing, two runners, the tensioning of rotating connection both ends about the casing respectively and winds the elevator belt on two runners, evenly be provided with a plurality of hoppers along length direction on the elevator belt, the casing lower extreme is provided with the feed bin, in the conveyer pipe extends to the feed bin, when the hopper moves to the extreme low position along with the elevator belt, the feed bin bottom surface was wiped to the hopper, the casing upper end is provided with the blown down tank, after the hopper passes through the highest position along with the elevator belt, the hopper turned to the blown down tank, the slope of the blown down tank.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the pill is thrown through the impeller head, in dropping into the conveyer pipe with the work piece collision back, then roll downwards along the pipe wall of conveyer pipe under the action of gravity and get into the feed bin, the motor drive runner is rotatory, the runner drives the elevator belt and removes, when the hopper gets into the feed bin along with the elevator belt, with the pill loading into the hopper, then the hopper is along with elevator belt upward movement, when reacing the top, the hopper upset is poured the pill into the blown down tank, the pill in the blown down tank rolls under the action of gravity and gets into the impeller head, automatically, retrieve the pill, the advantage that has reduction operator intensity of labour.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the body bottom is provided with the mounting bracket, the body lower extreme is the toper of summit decurrent, and the summit position is opened there is the discharge opening, discharge opening and conveyer pipe intercommunication.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the body lower extreme is the toper setting and is convenient for concentrate the discharge opening position with the pill, avoids partial pill to pile up and can't get into the discharge opening at the dead angle.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the conveying pipe is provided with a flange plate at one end close to the discharge hole, and the flange plate is tightly attached to the lower end face of the body and fixed through bolts.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, partial pill passes the discharge opening and directly strikes on the conveyer pipe after colliding with work piece and body lateral wall, and the impact force is great, and flange joint stable in structure prevents that the conveyer pipe is not hard up under the impact of pill.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the conveyer pipe below is provided with the support frame, the support frame upper end be provided with the backup pad of conveyer pipe outer wall butt, the backup pad is the arc.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the support frame plays the supporting role to the conveyer pipe, and the backup pad is the arc and sets up the butt on the conveyer pipe, further promotes the stability of conveyer pipe.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the conveying pipe is characterized in that a through hole is formed in the side wall below the conveying pipe, a filter screen covering the through hole is arranged on the conveying pipe, a guide groove is formed below the filter screen, and an impurity bin is connected below the guide groove.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, can produce the granule impurity and mix in the pill at the shot-blasting in-process, when the pill passes through the filter screen, impurity passes in the filter screen falls into the guide way, then gets into the impurity storehouse downwards, can play the filtering action to the impurity in the pill, avoids impurity to get into the impeller head along with the pill then throw on the work piece, influences shot blasting quality.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the conveying pipe is provided with two limiting blocks which are respectively positioned at two ends of the through hole, one side of each limiting block, which faces the through hole, is provided with a clamping groove along the circumferential direction of the conveying pipe, and two ends of the filter screen are respectively inserted into the two clamping grooves.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, use a period after, partial impurity can block in the mesh of filter screen, influences the filter effect, and the filter screen is pegged graft and is convenient for take out the filter screen in the draw-in groove and clear up.
The utility model discloses further set up to: the feed bin is characterized in that a feeding hole is formed in the upper end face of the feed bin, a discharging pipe is arranged at the bottom of the side wall of the bottom of the feed bin, and an end cover is connected to the discharging pipe in a threaded mode.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, when throwing the ball to different products and need changing different specifications pill, close hoisting device, then start the impeller head, make all pills concentrate on the feed bin, open the end cover and take out the pill is whole afterwards, close the end cover and put into new pill from the material loading hole at last, easy operation, easily change the pill.
The utility model discloses further set up to: and a baffle is hinged at an outlet at the bottom of the guide groove.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, in throwing the ball operation in-process, the back is filled to the waste bin, closes the baffle, drags out the waste bin and changes another waste bin, then opens the baffle, and the change waste bin process does not occupy extra time, can not influence and throws ball operating efficiency.
To sum up, the utility model discloses a beneficial technological effect does:
1. the shot blasting machine is characterized in that a lifting device is arranged, the bottom of a body is communicated with the bottom of the lifting device through a conveying pipe, a shot blasting machine is communicated with the top of the lifting device through a discharge chute, so that shot can be thrown out of the shot blasting machine, then enters the bottom of the lifting device through the conveying pipe, is lifted to the top by the lifting device, and finally returns to the shot blasting machine through the discharge chute, so that the cyclic use of the shot is completed, and the shot is taken out and loaded into the shot blasting machine without the need of a worker to insert a body into the body, so that the shot;
2. through set up the filter screen at the conveyer pipe downside to set up the guide way in filter screen below, can produce the tiny particle impurity and filter the shot blasting in-process, avoid impurity to get into the impeller head then throw on the work piece, influence the shot blasting quality.
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a portion of the body of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a portion of the delivery tube of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a partial schematic view of the guide slot of FIG. 1;
fig. 5 is a partial structural schematic view of the lifting device of fig. 1.
In the figure, 1, a body; 2. a shot blasting machine; 3. a delivery pipe; 4. a lifting device; 41. a motor; 42. a housing; 43. a rotating wheel; 44. a lifting belt; 45. a hopper; 5. a discharge chute; 6. a mounting frame; 7. a discharge hole; 8. a flange plate; 9. a support frame; 10. a support plate; 11. a through hole; 12. a filter screen; 13. a limiting block; 14. a card slot; 15. a guide groove; 16. buckling; 17. a clamping block; 18. a trash bin; 19. a storage bin; 20. a feeding hole; 21. a discharge pipe; 22. an end cap; 23. and a baffle plate.
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Referring to fig. 1, for the utility model discloses a shot blasting machine, including body 1 and hoisting device 4, impeller head 2 is installed at 1 top of body, and 1 bottom intercommunication of body has conveyer pipe 3, and the 3 other ends of conveyer pipe slope is connected with hoisting device 4 bottoms downwards, and hoisting device 4 tops are provided with blown down tank 5, and the 5 other ends of blown down tank communicate with impeller head 2 to one side downwards.
Referring to fig. 2, a mounting frame 6 is welded at the bottom of a body 1, the lower end of the body 1 is in a conical shape with a downward vertex, and a discharge hole 7 is formed in the vertex position, so that pills can be automatically collected to the discharge hole 7 under the action of gravity; discharge opening 7 and conveyer pipe 3 intercommunication, the one end welding that conveyer pipe 3 is close to the discharge gate has ring flange 8, the terminal surface under body 1 is hugged closely to ring flange 8 to pass through the bolt fastening.
Referring to fig. 3, a support frame 9 is arranged below the conveying pipe 3, an arc-shaped support plate 10 is fixed at the upper end of the support frame 9, the support plate 10 is tightly attached to the outer wall of the conveying pipe 3 so as to improve the stability of the conveying pipe 3, a through hole 11 is arranged below the conveying pipe 3, a filter screen 12 covering the through hole 11 is arranged on the conveying pipe 3, and impurity particles mixed in the pills are screened out; two limiting blocks 13 respectively positioned at two ends of the through hole 11 are welded on the conveying pipe 3, clamping grooves 14 along the circumferential direction of the conveying pipe 3 are formed in one side, facing the through hole 11, of the two limiting blocks 13, two ends of the filter screen 12 are respectively inserted into the two clamping grooves 14, and the filter screen is convenient to detach and clean
Referring to fig. 4, a guide groove 15 positioned below the filter screen 12 is fixed on the support frame 9 and used for collecting filtered impurity particles; a baffle 23 is hinged to an outlet at the bottom of the guide groove 15, when the baffle 23 is horizontal, the outlet of the guide groove 15 is closed, when the baffle 23 rotates to a vertical state, the outlet of the guide groove 15 is opened, a buckle 16 is arranged on one side of the baffle 23 opposite to the hinged position, a clamping block 17 arranged corresponding to the buckle 16 is welded on the outer wall of the guide groove 15, and when the outlet of the guide groove 15 is closed, the buckle 16 is sleeved on the clamping block 17 to fix the position of the baffle 23; an impurity bin 18 for collecting impurity particles is connected below the guide groove 15.
Referring to fig. 1 and 5, the lifting device 4 includes a motor 41, a housing 42, two rotating wheels 43 and a lifting belt 44, the motor 41 is connected to an external power source and fixed on the upper end of the housing 42, the two rotating wheels 43 are respectively rotatably connected to the upper and lower ends of the housing 42, and an output shaft of the motor 41 is coaxially connected to a rotating shaft on the upper end; the lifting belt 44 is tensioned and wound on the two rotating wheels 43, sixteen hoppers 45 are uniformly fixed on the lifting belt 44 along the length direction, and the sections of the hoppers 45 are in a right-angled trapezoid shape; the feed bin 19 is installed to casing 42 lower extreme, and the upper end is fixed with blown down tank 5, and the blown down tank 5 other end is connected with impeller head 2 downwards to one side.
The upper end surface of the storage bin 19 is provided with a feeding hole 20, the bottom of the side wall of the storage bin 19 is provided with a discharge pipe 21, and the discharge pipe 21 is in threaded connection with an end cover 22 so as to facilitate the replacement of the pills.
The implementation principle of the embodiment is as follows: starting the shot blasting machine, throwing the shot particles out of the shot blasting machine 2 to collide with the workpiece, then falling down into the conveying pipe 3, and then rolling down along the pipe wall of the conveying pipe 3 under the action of gravity to enter a stock bin 19; impurity particles in the pills pass through the filter screen 12 and fall onto the guide groove 15, and then enter the impurity bin 18; the motor 41 drives the rotating wheel 43 to rotate, the rotating wheel 43 drives the lifting belt 44 to move, the hopper 45 overturns when entering the stock bin 19, pills are loaded into the hopper 45, then the hopper 45 moves upwards along with the lifting belt 44, when the top of the hopper is reached, the hopper 45 overturns again to pour the pills into the discharge chute 5, the pills in the discharge chute 5 roll under the action of gravity to enter the shot blasting device 2, and automatic recovery of the pills is completed.
The embodiment of this specific implementation mode is the preferred embodiment of the present invention, not limit according to this the utility model discloses a protection scope, so: all equivalent changes made according to the structure, shape and principle of the utility model are covered within the protection scope of the utility model.
1. The utility model provides a shot blasting machine, includes body (1) and sets up impeller head (2) at body (1) top, its characterized in that: the bottom of the body (1) is connected with a conveying pipe (3), the other end of the conveying pipe (3) is obliquely and downwards connected with a lifting device (4), the lifting device (4) comprises a motor (41), a shell (42), two rotating wheels (43) which are respectively connected to the upper end and the lower end of the shell (42) in a rotating manner, and a lifting belt (44) which is tensioned on the two rotating wheels (43), a plurality of hoppers (45) are uniformly arranged on the lifting belt (44) along the length direction, a storage bin (19) is arranged at the lower end of the shell (42), the conveying pipe (3) extends into the storage bin (19), when the hoppers (45) move to the lowest position along with the lifting belt (44), the hoppers (45) wipe the bottom surface of the storage bin (19), a discharge chute (5) is arranged at the upper end of the shell (42), and when the hoppers (45) turn to the discharge chute (5, the other end of the discharge chute (5) is communicated with the impeller head (2) in an inclined and downward manner.
2. The shot blasting machine of claim 1, wherein: the bottom of the body (1) is provided with a mounting rack (6), the lower end of the body (1) is a cone with a downward vertex, a discharge hole (7) is formed in the vertex position, and the discharge hole (7) is communicated with the conveying pipe (3).
3. The shot blasting machine of claim 2, wherein: one end of the conveying pipe (3) close to the discharge hole is provided with a flange plate (8), and the flange plate (8) is tightly attached to the lower end face of the body (1) and fixed through bolts.
4. The shot blasting machine of claim 3, wherein: conveyer pipe (3) below is provided with support frame (9), support frame (9) upper end is provided with backup pad (10) with conveyer pipe (3) outer wall butt, backup pad (10) are the arc.
5. The shot blasting machine of claim 4, wherein: through-hole (11) have been opened to conveyer pipe (3) below lateral wall, be provided with filter screen (12) that cover through-hole (11) on conveyer pipe (3), the below of filter screen (12) is provided with guide way (15), guide way (15) below is connected with impurity storehouse (18).
6. The shot blasting machine of claim 5, wherein: the conveying pipe (3) is provided with two limiting blocks (13) which are respectively positioned at two ends of the through hole (11), one side, facing the through hole (11), of each limiting block (13) is provided with a clamping groove (14) which is circumferentially arranged along the conveying pipe (3), and two ends of the filter screen (12) are respectively inserted into the two clamping grooves (14).
7. The shot blasting machine of claim 6, wherein: feed bin (19) up end is provided with material loading hole (20), feed bin (19) lateral wall bottom is provided with discharging pipe (21), threaded connection has end cover (22) on discharging pipe (21).
8. The shot blasting machine of claim 5, wherein: and a baffle (23) is hinged at an outlet at the bottom of the guide groove (15).
Priority Applications (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN201921338331.0U CN210452371U (en)||2019-08-16||2019-08-16||Shot blasting machine|
Applications Claiming Priority (1)
|Application Number||Priority Date||Filing Date||Title|
|CN201921338331.0U CN210452371U (en)||2019-08-16||2019-08-16||Shot blasting machine|
|Publication Number||Publication Date|
|CN210452371U true CN210452371U (en)||2020-05-05|
Family Applications (1)
|Application Number||Title||Priority Date||Filing Date|
|CN201921338331.0U Active CN210452371U (en)||2019-08-16||2019-08-16||Shot blasting machine|
Country Status (1)
|CN (1)||CN210452371U (en)|
- 2019-08-16 CN CN201921338331.0U patent/CN210452371U/en active Active
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