CN210439540U - Pipeline building block - Google Patents

Pipeline building block Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210439540U
CN210439540U CN201921051297.9U CN201921051297U CN210439540U CN 210439540 U CN210439540 U CN 210439540U CN 201921051297 U CN201921051297 U CN 201921051297U CN 210439540 U CN210439540 U CN 210439540U
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China
Prior art keywords
steel
pipe body
pipe
building block
plate
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CN201921051297.9U
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Inventor
杨天
耿振
刘丽平
杨成柱
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Hebei Tianzhen Engineering Technology Co ltd
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Hebei Tianzhen Engineering Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a pipeline building block belongs to pipeline engineering building technical field, including body structure, gusset structure, side seal structure and connection structure. The pipeline building block is of a circular ring-shaped pipe section structure, can replace the existing reinforced concrete prefabricated pipe and a cast-in-place structure, has excellent structural strength, excellent impact deformation resistance and excellent shock resistance and damping performance, and is light in weight, low in investment, quick in construction, low in maintenance and less in hidden danger. The building block is particularly suitable for factory professional mass production, can be widely applied to engineering construction of pipelines, culverts, bridges and tunnels, subways, pipe galleries and the like, is suitable for pipe jacking engineering and shield engineering, and is an ideal substitute for traditional reinforced concrete prefabricated pipelines.

Description

Pipeline building block
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the pipeline engineering building, more specifically say, relate to a pipeline building block.
Background
The traditional reinforced concrete pipe joint has the defects of heavy pipe body, high manufacturing cost, easy leakage, easy fracture, poor anti-seismic performance, short service life, high production difficulty, long production period, high construction difficulty, high later maintenance cost and the like, and has great potential safety hazard.
At present, the country is energetically seeking and popularizing better prefabricated pipeline building materials, the pipeline engineering of some existing reinforced concrete structures in China is replaced by a metal structure, various performances and use effects of the metal structure are known by the pipeline engineering building industry, along with the continuous enhancement of people's safety consciousness and environmental awareness, the seeking of better prefabricated pipeline engineering building materials is more and more important, if a pipeline building block with good performance, low cost, fast construction, low maintenance, less hidden danger and long service life can be produced, the great promotion effect is played to the national economy development.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a pipeline building block to solve the heavy, the cost of body that traditional reinforced concrete pipeline structure exists, easy seepage, easy fracture, anti-seismic performance is poor, life is shorter, the production degree of difficulty is big, production cycle is long, the construction degree of difficulty is big, technical problem such as later maintenance cost height.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme: there is provided a piping building block comprising:
the pipe body structure (1) is a main body structure forming the building block and is divided into an outer layer pipe body (111) and an inner layer pipe body (112) or more layers of pipe bodies;
the rib plate structure (2) is arranged between the outer layer pipe body (111) and the inner layer pipe body (112) of the pipe body structure (1), or the rib plate structure (2) is respectively arranged between more layers of pipe bodies;
the side sealing structures (3) are arranged at two ends of the pipe body structure (1);
and the connecting structure (4) is arranged at the joint between the building blocks.
Further, body structure (1) contains outer body (111) and inlayer body (112) or multilayer body, and corrugated steel pipe or circular steel pipe can be chooseed for use according to the operation requirement in main part steel pipe (11) of every layer of body, adopts connection steel pipe (12) at the both ends of main part steel pipe (11) connection position, sets up a plurality of connection round holes (13) on connecting steel pipe (12).
Further, the rib plate structures (2) are arranged between the outer layer pipe body (111) and the inner layer pipe body (112) of the pipe body structure (1), or the rib plate structures (2) are respectively arranged between more layers of pipe bodies; the rib plate structure (2) comprises longitudinal rib plates (21) and annular rib plates (22), and the annular rib plates (22) are welded among the longitudinal rib plates (21) and are welded or in screw connection with the main steel pipe (11); the rib plate structure (2) is a channel steel or I-steel or angle steel or corrugated steel plate or steel pipe or other profile steel structure; the position and the quantity of the rib plate structures (2) are designed according to the wave crest and wave trough positions of the pipe body structures (1) and the overall size of the building blocks, the height of the rib plate is determined by the thickness of the building blocks, and the length of the rib plate is slightly smaller than that of the pipe body structures (1).
Further, the side sealing structures (3) are arranged at two ends of the pipeline building block and comprise side sealing U-shaped connecting plates (31) and a plurality of oblong connecting holes (32) distributed on the side edges; the side seal U-shaped connecting plate (31) can be manufactured by rolling, welding and bending U-shaped steel or channel steel or steel plates, and the oblong connecting hole (32) is used for connecting the outer layer pipe body (111) and the inner layer pipe body (112).
Furthermore, the connecting structure (4) is arranged at the joint between the building blocks and comprises a circular ring connecting plate (41), a connecting plate oblong connecting hole (42), a sealing rubber gasket (43), a connecting bolt (44), a connecting gasket (45), a connecting nut (46), sealant and the like; the circular ring connecting plate (41) can be made of flat steel or steel plates; the sealing rubber pad (43) is made of a sealing rubber plate material; the circumferential sizes of the circular ring connecting plate (41) and the sealing rubber gasket (43) are consistent with the circumferential perimeter of the pipe body structure (1), and the width of the circular ring connecting plate and the sealing rubber gasket is determined by the distance between the connecting circular holes (13) on the adjacent pipe body structures (1); the connecting plate is provided with a connecting plate oblong connecting hole (42) which is matched and consistent with the position of a connecting round hole (13) on the adjacent pipe body structure (1).
Further, the pipeline building block is characterized in that the pipeline building block is of a circular metal structure, the length of each pipe joint is more than 0.5 meter, the inner diameter of a pipeline is more than 0.5 meter, and the thickness of a circular ring is more than 0.05 meter; the material of each metal component can be common carbon structural steel or alloy steel or stainless steel; the steel surface protection mode can be hot galvanizing or painting or coating; the thickness of the steel plate is larger than 1mm, the wave height of the corrugated steel plate is larger than 10mm, and the wave distance is larger than 20 mm; the dimensions of the bolt and associated screw hole, as well as other unnoticed and non-primary dimensions, are determined by the particular design.
The utility model provides a pair of pipeline building block's beneficial effect lies in, compares with prior art, the utility model relates to a pipeline building block main advantage as follows:
1. the pipeline building blocks can be prefabricated in a factory in advance and assembled on a construction site, so that high-quality production and rapid assembly construction of the building blocks are ensured.
2. The components of the building block are all steel structures, and the building block is light in weight, high in strength, good in stability and high in earthquake resistance level.
3. By adopting the double-layer or multi-layer pipe body structure (1) and adding the side sealing structure (3) and the connecting structure (4), the anti-leakage of the whole pipeline engineering can be achieved, and the heat insulation performance, the sound insulation performance, the moisture resistance and the like of the whole building engineering structure are improved.
4. The building blocks are more convenient to arrange various pipelines inside, and the disassembly, assembly and maintenance are more convenient.
5. If special materials are added into the interlayer, such as cement materials, heat insulation materials, polyurethane foam materials, nuclear radiation prevention materials and the like can be filled into the interlayer, the anti-theft performance, the heat insulation performance, the nuclear radiation prevention performance and other special performances of the engineering building can be improved.
6. The site operation is simple and fast, and a large hoisting tool is not needed.
7. The pipe jacking device is suitable for circular pipe body pipe jacking construction and shield construction.
8. The service life can be designed according to more than 100 years, the whole body is convenient to disassemble and move, the maintenance is simple, and the materials can be recycled.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings required for the embodiments or the prior art descriptions will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art to obtain other drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram 1 of a component of a pipeline building block according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view 2 of a pipe body structure (1) of a pipeline building block provided by an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a direction a of a pipe body structure (1) of a pipeline building block according to an embodiment of the present invention, which is shown in fig. 3.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view 4 of a rib plate structure (2) of a pipeline building block provided by the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view 5 of a side sealing structure (3) of a pipeline building block according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic view 6 of a connecting component of a connecting structure (4) of a pipeline building block according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Wherein, in the figures, the respective reference numerals:
1-a pipe body structure; 2-rib plate structure; 3-side sealing structure; 4-a linking structure; 11-a main body steel pipe; 12-connecting steel pipes; 13-connecting the round holes; 21-longitudinal rib plate; 22-annular rib plate; 31-side-sealed U-shaped connecting plates; 32-oblong connecting holes; 41-a circular ring connecting plate; 42-connecting plate oblong connecting holes; 43-sealing the rubber gasket; 44-connecting bolts; 45-connecting the gasket; 46-a coupling nut; 111-an outer tube body; 112-inner tube.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical problem, technical solution and advantageous effects to be solved by the present invention more clearly understood, the following description is given in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments to illustrate the present invention in further detail. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
Referring to fig. 1, a pipeline building block provided by the present invention will now be described. A pipeline building block comprises a pipe body structure (1), a rib plate structure (2), side seal structures (3) and a connecting structure (4), wherein the pipe body structure (1) comprises an inner layer and an outer layer, and the two ends of the pipe body structure (1) are connected with the side seal structures (3), so that the building block is formed together; two adjacent building blocks are connected, fixed and sealed by adopting a connecting structure (4).
Referring to fig. 2 and 3, a pipe body structure (1) of the pipeline building block of the present invention will now be described. The pipe body structure (1) comprises an outer layer pipe body (111) and an inner layer pipe body (112) which are of double-layer corrugated steel pipe structures, the wave height of a corrugated steel pipe is d, and the wave height of the corrugated steel pipe is larger than 10 mm; the wave pitch is p, and the wave pitch of the corrugated steel pipe is more than 20 mm; r is curvature radius which can be selected according to design requirements; the structure of each layer of corrugated steel pipe comprises a main body steel pipe (11), a connecting steel pipe (12) and a connecting hole (13); the outer layer pipe body (111) and the inner layer pipe body (112) are connected and supported by the longitudinal rib plate (21) and the circumferential rib plate (22).
Referring to fig. 4, a rib plate structure (2) of the pipeline building block according to the present invention will now be described. This embodiment gusset structure (2) has adopted the channel-section steel structure of vertically and horizontally staggered distribution, has contained seven longitudinal webs (21) by the channel-section steel preparation and four hoop gusset (22) by the channel-section steel preparation, and the welding of hoop channel-section steel is on longitudinal channel-section steel, purchases the overall structure of a gusset structure (2).
Referring to fig. 5, a side sealing structure (3) of the pipeline building block according to the present invention will now be described. The side seal U-shaped connecting plate (31) is manufactured by bending channel steel, and oblong connecting holes (32) are machined in two side edges of the channel steel and used for connecting an outer pipe body (111) and an inner pipe body (112).
Referring to fig. 6, a connection structure (4) of the pipeline building block according to the present invention will now be described. Strictly speaking, the anti-leakage connecting piece does not belong to the composition of a single building block, but is an indispensable connecting piece for connecting a plurality of building blocks and one of key components for sealing and preventing leakage of the whole engineering building. The connecting structure (4) is arranged at the joint between two adjacent building blocks and can be used for outer ring connection and inner ring connection of the building block structure, and the main connecting parts comprise a circular ring connecting plate (41), a connecting plate oblong connecting hole (42), a sealing rubber gasket (43), a connecting bolt (44), a connecting gasket (45), a connecting nut (46), sealant and the like. The circular ring connecting plate (41) can be made of flat steel or steel plates; the sealing rubber pad (43) can be made of a sealing rubber plate material; the length or diameter of the circular ring connecting plate (41) and the sealing rubber gasket (43) is determined according to the size of the outer layer pipe body (111) and the inner layer pipe body (112).
Referring to fig. 1 to 6 together, the present invention provides a pipeline building block, which is made of materials for use in the present embodiment. The embodiment is a circular metal building block, the length of each pipe joint is more than 0.5 m, the inner diameter of a pipeline is more than 0.5 m, and the thickness of a circular ring is more than 0.05 m; the material of each metal component can be common carbon structural steel or alloy steel or stainless steel; the steel surface protection mode can be hot galvanizing or painting or coating; the thickness of the unnoticed steel plate is more than 1mm, and the size of the unnoticed bolt and the matched screw hole and other unnoticed non-main sizes are determined by specific design.
As the utility model provides a pipeline building block, please refer to fig. 1 to 6 together, now the construction method of the pipeline building block of this embodiment is explained as follows:
(1) the pipeline building blocks are all prefabricated in factories;
(2) purchasing steel plates, channel steels and other section steels, bolts, rubber gaskets and the like according to the specification requirements;
(3) manufacturing a pipe body structure (1), wherein the manufacturing of the outer layer pipe body (111) and the manufacturing of the inner layer pipe body (112) are included; the main steel pipe (11) of the embodiment is a corrugated steel pipe, and is manufactured by integrally rolling with the connecting steel pipe (12), and after the manufacturing, connecting round holes (13) are machined in the directions of the ring steel pipes at the two ends of the pipe body.
(4) Manufacturing a rib plate structure (2), selecting seven channel steels as transverse rib plates (21) in the embodiment, manufacturing arch channel steels required by four annular rib plates (22), and welding the transverse rib plates (21) and the annular rib plates (22) according to the design size to form an integral structure of the rib plate structure (2).
(5) And (3) assembling a main body pipe section, namely placing the rib plate structure (2) on the inner layer pipe body (112) and welding, and after the completion, placing the outer layer pipe body (111) and implementing welding or bolt connection. It should be noted that, in order to meet the requirements of the mechanical welding process and the requirements of the subsequent anti-corrosion treatment process (such as hot galvanizing, paint spraying or coating), the rib plate structure (2) is provided with the process holes according to actual conditions.
(6) The side seal structure (3) is manufactured, the U-shaped connecting plate (31) of the side seal is manufactured by bending channel steel, and long oval connecting holes (32) are machined in two side edges of the channel steel and used for connecting the pipe body structure (1).
(7) Manufacturing a connecting structure (4), wherein a main ring connecting plate (41) of the connecting structure is formed by rolling a steel plate, and a connecting plate oblong connecting hole (42) is processed on the steel plate as required; the manufacture of the sealing rubber gasket (43) only needs to process a connecting hole which is consistent with the long elliptic connecting hole (42) of the connecting plate on the selected rubber plate; the connecting bolt (44), the connecting gasket (45) and the connecting nut (46) can be directly standard parts.
(8) And performing anticorrosive treatment on all steel structural members according to requirements. Hot galvanizing, painting or coating can be selected according to the design requirement; may be implemented in whole or in parts.
Thus, the whole process of producing and manufacturing the pipeline building block in a factory is completed, and the construction method of the engineering site is explained as follows:
(9) transporting the building blocks and the accessories thereof to a construction site;
(10) will the utility model provides a pair of the first tube coupling of pipeline building block installation is taken one's place. The round connecting holes (13) on the building blocks can be fixedly connected with the peripheral frame steel structure.
(11) The second pipe joint is arranged close to the first pipe joint, and the outer pipe body (111) and the inner pipe body (112) at the joint are respectively connected; a sealing rubber pad (43) dipped and coated with sealant is placed at the joint of the first pipe joint and the second pipe joint, then a circular ring connecting plate (41) is placed, and a connecting bolt (44), a connecting gasket (45) and a connecting nut (46) are used for connecting through a connecting plate oblong connecting hole (42) and a connecting round hole (13) on an adjacent pipe body structure (1);
it should be noted here that there are multiple schemes in the mode of screwed connection, for example can weld coupling nut (45) on body structure (1) in advance and connect the back of round hole (13), to the steel sheet that thickness is greater than 5mm, also can directly implement the cover to detain to screw hole (13) and handle etc. no matter which kind of scheme is adopted to firm in connection, can reach sealed effect and be suitable, this is not the focus of this patent, and this patent is no longer repeated.
(12) And placing other pipeline building blocks, and continuing to adopt the connecting structure (4) for sealing connection until the whole construction of the pipeline is completed.
The utility model provides a pair of pipeline building block's beneficial effect lies in: compared with the prior art, the embodiment of the utility model provides a pipeline building block main advantage as follows:
1. the pipeline building blocks can be prefabricated in a factory in advance and assembled on a construction site, so that high-quality production and rapid assembly construction of the building blocks are ensured.
2. The components of the building block are all steel structures, and the building block is light in weight, high in strength, good in stability and high in earthquake resistance level.
3. By adopting the double-layer or multi-layer pipe body structure (1) and adding the side sealing structure (3) and the connecting structure (4), the anti-leakage of the whole pipeline engineering can be achieved, and the heat insulation performance, the sound insulation performance, the moisture resistance and the like of the whole building engineering structure are improved.
4. The building blocks are more convenient to arrange various pipelines inside, and the disassembly, assembly and maintenance are more convenient.
5. If special materials are added into the interlayer, such as cement materials, heat insulation materials, polyurethane foam materials, nuclear radiation prevention materials and the like can be filled into the interlayer, the anti-theft performance, the heat insulation performance, the nuclear radiation prevention performance and other special performances of the engineering building can be improved.
6. The site operation is simple and fast, and a large hoisting tool is not needed.
7. Because the slotted steel structure, the section steel rib plate structure and the double-layer corrugated steel pipe structure of each section of pipe joint are used as supports, the pipe jacking construction and the shield construction are suitable.
8. The service life can be designed according to more than 100 years, the whole body is convenient to disassemble and move, the maintenance is simple, and the materials can be recycled.
The utility model provides a pair of pipeline building block is a novel assembled engineering building material, has solved basically that the body that traditional reinforced concrete pipe joint exists is heavy, the cost is high, easy seepage, easy fracture, anti-seismic performance is poor, production cycle is long, the construction degree of difficulty is big, later maintenance cost is high, life is defect such as shorter. The building block is suitable for industrial mass production, can be widely applied to engineering construction of pipelines, culverts, bridges and tunnels, subways, pipe galleries and the like, is suitable for pipe jacking engineering or shield engineering, and is an ideal substitute for traditional reinforced concrete prefabricated pipelines.
It is to be understood that the terms "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," and the like are used in the appended claims to indicate orientations and positional relationships relative to one another, and are used merely for convenience in describing and simplifying the present invention, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element so referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus should not be considered as limiting the present invention.
The above description is only exemplary of the present invention and should not be construed as limiting the present invention, and any modifications, equivalents and improvements made within the spirit and principles of the present invention are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. A duct building block, comprising:
the pipe body structure (1) is a main body structure forming the building block and is divided into an outer layer pipe body (111) and an inner layer pipe body (112) or more layers of pipe bodies;
the rib plate structure (2) is arranged between the outer layer pipe body (111) and the inner layer pipe body (112) of the pipe body structure (1), or the rib plate structure (2) is respectively arranged between more layers of pipe bodies;
the side sealing structures (3) are arranged at two ends of the pipe body structure (1);
and the connecting structure (4) is arranged at the joint between the building blocks.
2. The piping building block according to claim 1, wherein the pipe structure (1) comprises an outer pipe body (111) and an inner pipe body (112) or a multi-layer pipe body, the main steel pipe (11) of each layer of pipe body can be corrugated steel pipe or round steel pipe according to the use requirement, the connecting steel pipe (12) is adopted at the connecting part of the two ends of the main steel pipe (11), and a plurality of connecting round holes (13) are arranged on the connecting steel pipe (12).
3. A pipeline building block according to claim 1, wherein the rib structures (2) are arranged between the outer layer pipe body (111) and the inner layer pipe body (112) of the pipe body structure (1), or rib structures (2) are respectively arranged between more layers of pipe bodies; the rib plate structure (2) comprises longitudinal rib plates (21) and annular rib plates (22), and the annular rib plates (22) are welded among the longitudinal rib plates (21) and are welded or in screw connection with the main steel pipe (11); the rib plate structure (2) is a channel steel or I-steel or angle steel or corrugated steel plate or steel pipe or profile steel structure; the position and the quantity of the rib plate structures (2) are designed according to the wave crest and wave trough positions of the pipe body structures (1) and the overall size of the building blocks, the height of the rib plate is determined by the thickness of the building blocks, and the length of the rib plate is slightly smaller than that of the pipe body structures (1).
4. A duct building block according to claim 1, characterized in that the side sealing structures (3) are arranged at both ends of the duct building block and comprise side sealing U-shaped connecting plates (31) and a plurality of oblong connecting holes (32) distributed over the sides; the side seal U-shaped connecting plate (31) can be manufactured by rolling, welding and bending U-shaped steel or channel steel or steel plates, and the oblong connecting hole (32) is used for connecting the outer layer pipe body (111) and the inner layer pipe body (112).
5. The piping building block of claim 1, wherein said connecting structure (4) is provided at a joint between building blocks, and comprises a circular connecting plate (41), a connecting plate oblong connecting hole (42), a sealing rubber gasket (43), a connecting bolt (44), a connecting gasket (45), a connecting nut (46), a sealant, and the like; the circular ring connecting plate (41) can be made of flat steel or steel plates; the sealing rubber pad (43) is made of rubber plate material; the circumferential sizes of the circular ring connecting plate (41) and the sealing rubber gasket (43) are consistent with the circumferential perimeter of the pipe body structure (1), and the width of the circular ring connecting plate and the sealing rubber gasket is determined by the distance between the connecting circular holes (13) on the adjacent pipe body structures (1); the connecting plate is provided with a connecting plate oblong connecting hole (42) which is matched and consistent with the position of a connecting round hole (13) on the adjacent pipe body structure (1).
6. The pipeline building block of claim 1, wherein the pipeline building block is of an annular metal structure, the length of each pipe joint is more than 0.5 m, the inner diameter of the pipeline is more than 0.5 m, and the thickness of the annular is more than 0.05 m; the material of each metal component can be common carbon structural steel or alloy steel or stainless steel; the steel surface protection mode can be hot galvanizing or painting or coating; the thickness of the steel plate is larger than 1mm, the wave height of the corrugated steel plate is larger than 10mm, and the wave distance is larger than 20 mm.
CN201921051297.9U 2019-07-08 2019-07-08 Pipeline building block Active CN210439540U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921051297.9U CN210439540U (en) 2019-07-08 2019-07-08 Pipeline building block

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921051297.9U CN210439540U (en) 2019-07-08 2019-07-08 Pipeline building block

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210439540U true CN210439540U (en) 2020-05-01

Family

ID=70404987

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921051297.9U Active CN210439540U (en) 2019-07-08 2019-07-08 Pipeline building block

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210439540U (en)

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