CN210437473U - Tray-free packaging production line for bricks - Google Patents

Tray-free packaging production line for bricks Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210437473U
CN210437473U CN201921007164.1U CN201921007164U CN210437473U CN 210437473 U CN210437473 U CN 210437473U CN 201921007164 U CN201921007164 U CN 201921007164U CN 210437473 U CN210437473 U CN 210437473U
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brick
automatic
bricks
stacking machine
green
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吕志方
林建全
刘芳文
张庆森
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Jiangxi Haiyuan composite material technology Co.,Ltd.
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Fujian Haiyuan Composite Materials Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a tray-free brick packaging production line, which comprises an automatic brick stacking machine, a rotary table vehicle and an automatic packaging machine, wherein an initial green brick stack is conveyed to the input end of the automatic brick stacking machine, a gap exists between the bricks of the initial green brick stack, and the uppermost layer of the initial green brick stack is reserved with a fork truck hole position; the automatic brick stacking machine finishes folding gaps in two directions between bricks in an initial brick stack, then clamps a plurality of layers of bricks on the brick stack and places the bricks on the rotary table vehicle, and finally partially stacks the rest of the brick stack above the plurality of layers of bricks on the rotary table vehicle to form a brick stack forklift hole with stable size in a brick stack; the rotary disc vehicle is used for automatically transporting brick piles between the automatic brick stacking machine and the automatic packing machine; the automatic packaging machine automatically completes the packaging of the brick pile on the turntable vehicle. The utility model discloses can be reliable reserve out the fork truck hole in the brick pillar of packing to the packing production line component equipment operation is high-efficient, and the production line overall arrangement is nimble compact, can improve production efficiency greatly.

Description

Tray-free packaging production line for bricks
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a brickmaking technical field especially relates to a no tray packing production line of brick.
Background
At present, in the brick production process, after a green brick is steamed, a tray-free automatic packaging system is gradually adopted to package the green brick, a brick stacking manipulator is adopted to stack the green brick into a regular brick pile in a layered and crossed mode before packaging, but the existing tray-free automatic packaging system usually cannot reserve a forklift hole position during stacking, the forklift hole position is not reserved, great troubles are brought to subsequent loading and unloading transportation, a forklift cannot be used for carrying and loading, and bricks at the forklift hole position need to be manually removed from the stacked brick pile to be forked; the stacking arrangement mode of bricks in the piled bricks of the existing tray-free automatic packing system is unreasonable, so that the packed piled bricks are not firm enough, and the bricks in the piled bricks are easy to scatter in the transportation process.
At present, some tray-free automatic packaging systems reserve forklift hole positions in a brick pile in a mode of pushing bricks open when stacking, but the mode of reserving forklift holes is characterized in that large forklift holes need to be reserved in the brick pile, bricks are easy to shift in the packaging processing process, reserved forklift holes are easy to deform, the forklift holes can become smaller or too large, a forklift cannot be used smoothly when the forklift holes are smaller, the brick pile is easy to loosen when the forklift holes are larger, and the forklift holes reserved in the mode are often difficult to meet actual requirements.
Some tray-free automatic packaging systems are improved aiming at the problems, for example, in patent application No. 201610825944.1 and the patent name of 'autoclaved aerated concrete block full-automatic packaging system', the automatic packaging system comprises an unstacking mechanism, a blank turning mechanism, a bidirectional packaging mechanism and a block conveying mechanism, and a forklift hole can be reserved before brick pile packaging, but the tray-free automatic packaging system can be realized by configuring more devices, the operation steps of brick pile re-grouping and packaging are too complex, the re-grouping and packaging production efficiency is low, the whole production line is not compact enough, and the occupied area is large.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to solve the problem, the utility model aims to provide a no tray packing production line of brick can be reliable reserves out the fork truck hole in the brick pillar to packing production line component equipment operation is high-efficient, and production line overall arrangement is nimble compact, can improve production efficiency greatly.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
a tray-free brick packaging production line comprises an automatic brick stacking machine, a rotary table vehicle and an automatic packaging machine, wherein an initial green brick stack is conveyed to the input end of the automatic brick stacking machine, gaps exist among bricks of the initial green brick stack, and forklift hole positions are reserved on the uppermost layer of the initial green brick stack; the automatic brick stacking machine is used for arranging and carrying green brick piles: the automatic brick stacking machine finishes folding gaps between bricks in two directions in an initial brick stack, then clamps a plurality of layers of bricks on the brick stack and places the bricks on the rotary disc vehicle, and finally partially stacks the rest of the brick stack above the plurality of layers of bricks on the rotary disc vehicle so as to form a brick stack forklift hole with stable size in a brick stack; the rotary disc vehicle is used for automatically transporting brick piles between the automatic brick stacking machine and the automatic packing machine; and the automatic packing machine automatically completes the packing of the brick piles on the turntable vehicle.
Further, the initial green brick stack conveyed to the input end of the automatic brick stacking machine comprises two original green bricks which are arranged along the conveying direction of the automatic brick stacking machine, the automatic brick stacking machine respectively arranges and conveys the two original green bricks twice, the former original green brick is arranged on a transition platform after finishing the gap in two directions, and then the gap in two directions of the latter original green brick is folded; then the automatic brick stacking machine clamps a plurality of layers of green bricks on the previous green brick pile and places the green bricks on the rotary table vehicle, and then the rest green brick pile in the previous green brick pile is partially overlapped above the plurality of layers of green bricks on the rotary table vehicle; and the rotary disc vehicle returns to the initial position after the previous brick pile is transported, and the automatic brick stacking machine repeats the operation again to stack the next brick pile on the rotary disc vehicle alternately from top to bottom.
Further, the turntable vehicle and the automatic packaging machine comprise at least one set.
Further, the production line also comprises a track transmission system, the rotary table vehicle travels on the track transmission system in a reciprocating mode so as to automatically transport the brick piles between the automatic brick stacking machine and the automatic packing machine, and the rotary table vehicle can rotate so as to change the direction of the brick piles placed on the rotary table vehicle; the automatic packer is arranged above the middle section of the track transmission system in a spanning mode and used for packing the coded brick piles in two transverse and longitudinal staggered directions.
Furthermore, the track transmission system comprises a track, a rack and a position detection switch, the turntable vehicle is sequentially provided with a reciprocating travelling mechanism, a rotary driving device and a rotary tray from bottom to top, a brick pile is placed on the rotary tray, and the reciprocating travelling mechanism is in transmission fit with the track and the rack to drive the turntable vehicle to reciprocate on the track transmission system so as to convey the brick pile placed on the turntable vehicle to different positions; the position detection switch is used for detecting the position of the complex walking mechanism on the track.
Furthermore, be equipped with the fluting that is convenient for automatic packing machine to realize no tray packing on the rotatory tray, the fluting includes and packs the corresponding horizontal and vertical two rows in ribbon position with the brick pillar.
Furthermore, the reciprocating traveling mechanism comprises a gear, a wheel assembly and a welding turntable body, the gear is matched with a rack in the rail transmission system, the wheel assembly rolls on the rail, and the rotary driving device is fixed on the welding turntable body.
Furthermore, the automatic brick stacking machine comprises a rack with a guide rail and a movable trolley capable of running on the guide rail of the rack, wherein a vertical lifting device is arranged on the movable trolley, the vertical lifting device is connected with a clamping mechanical arm capable of carrying green bricks or piled bricks, a rotating device is further arranged between the vertical lifting device and the clamping mechanical arm, the rotating device drives the clamping mechanical arm to rotate, and a transition platform for placing the green bricks is arranged on the ground corresponding to the middle of the rack.
Furthermore, one end of the automatic brick stacking machine is also connected with a green brick conveying line, the green brick conveying line conveys initial green bricks to the input end of the automatic brick stacking machine, and the other end of the automatic brick stacking machine is connected with the rail conveying system.
A packaging method of a tray-free packaging production line of bricks comprises the following steps:
s1, providing the automatic brick stacking machine, an initial green brick stack conveyed to the input end of the automatic brick stacking machine, a rotary table vehicle and an automatic packing machine, wherein gaps exist among bricks of the initial green brick stack, and forklift hole positions are reserved on the uppermost layer of the initial green brick stack;
s2, the automatic brick stacking machine clamps the initial green brick pile and simultaneously realizes the gap furling in the clamping direction;
s3, stacking the green bricks after the automatic brick stacking machine rotates by 90 degrees;
s4, the automatic brick stacking machine clamps the green brick pile again to finish the gap furling of the green brick pile in the other direction;
s5, the automatic brick stacking machine clamps a plurality of layers of adobes on the adobe stack and places the adobes on the rotary disc vehicle, and then the rest adobe stack is partially overlapped above the plurality of layers of adobes on the rotary disc vehicle so as to form a brick pile forklift hole with stable size in the brick pile;
s6, the rotary table vehicle transports the brick pile to the automatic packing machine, the automatic packing machine packs the brick pile, the rotary table vehicle drives the brick pile to rotate 90 degrees after the brick pile is packed in one direction, the brick pile is packed in the other direction, and transverse and longitudinal staggered packing is completed;
and S7, returning the rotary disc vehicle to the initial position, and repeating the cycle to perform continuous operation.
Further, a brick packing method of a tray-free packing production line comprises the following steps:
s1, conveying an initial green brick stack to an input end of the automatic brick stacking machine, wherein the initial green brick stack comprises two original green bricks, the uppermost layer of the initial green bricks is reserved with original positions of forklift holes for brick stacks, and the two original green bricks are arranged along the conveying direction of the automatic brick stacking machine;
s2, the automatic brick stacking machine clamps a first original green brick to realize the gap furling of a green brick pile in the clamping direction, then rotates by 90 degrees to complete the gap furling of the green brick pile in the other direction and then places the green brick pile on a transition platform; then the automatic brick stacking machine clamps a second original green brick again to finish the gap folding in two directions;
s3, the automatic brick stacking machine places a plurality of layers of bricks on the upper part of the green brick pile placed on the transition platform on the rotary table vehicle;
s4, the automatic brick stacking machine conveys the residual green bricks on the transition platform with the bricks on the upper layer removed in the step S3 to the brick pile on the turntable, and after the completion, stable-size brick pile forklift holes are formed in the corresponding layers of bricks from bottom to top;
s5, the rotary table trolley automatically travels to convey the brick piles on the rotary table trolley to the automatic packing machine, the automatic packing machine packs the brick piles, the rotary driving device rotates 90 degrees after one direction is packed, the brick piles on the rotary tray are driven to turn together, the other direction of the brick piles are packed, and transverse and longitudinal staggered packing is completed;
s6, after the bricks are packed, the rotary table vehicle continues to run, the packed bricks are conveyed to a brick pile forklift conveying position, the brick piles on the rotary table vehicle are unloaded at the brick pile forklift conveying position,
s7, then the rotary table returns to the initial position;
s8, placing a plurality of layers of bricks on the upper part of the second original green brick on the turntable vehicle by the automatic brick stacking machine;
s9, the automatic brick stacking machine conveys the residual green bricks in the step S8 to the brick stacks on the rotary table vehicle, and after the completion, stable-size brick stack forklift holes are formed in the corresponding layers of bricks from bottom to top;
s10, the rotary table vehicle automatically travels to convey the brick piles on the rotary table vehicle to the automatic packing machine, the automatic packing machine packs the brick piles, the rotary driving device rotates 90 degrees after one direction is packed, the rotary tray and the brick piles on the rotary table vehicle are driven to turn together to pack the brick piles in the other direction, and transverse and longitudinal staggered packing is completed;
and S11, returning the rotary disc vehicle to the initial position, and repeating the cycle to perform continuous operation.
Furthermore, during automatic operation, the initial position of the turntable vehicle is positioned below the rack at the joint of the track transmission system and the automatic brick stacking machine, so that a clamping manipulator of the automatic brick stacking machine can conveniently carry brick piles.
The utility model discloses following beneficial effect has:
1. the forklift hole position reserved at the top of the initial green brick stacked in the previous process of the utility model can form a brick pile forklift hole with stable size in a plurality of layers of bricks of a brick pile placed on the rotary table vehicle through the alternative operation of the automatic brick stacking machine and the rotary table vehicle which automatically travels on the track transmission system, thereby ensuring that the packed brick pile forklift hole can well meet the requirement, is not easy to shift and deform and is convenient for the automatic forking of the follow-up forklift;
2. the utility model is provided with a track transmission system connected with an automatic brick stacking machine, tracks in the track transmission system extend to connect all positions such as brick pile packaging operation and brick pile forklift carrying, a turntable capable of automatically walking in a reciprocating way is arranged on the track transmission system, a rotary tray driven by a rotary driving device is arranged on the turntable, then brick piles with stable brick pile forklift holes are placed on the rotary tray, and the brick piles are conveniently packaged in a staggered way in the transverse and longitudinal directions of the brick piles through the matching action of the turntable and an automatic packaging machine;
3. the rotary table vehicle in the utility model is provided with the reciprocating traveling mechanism and the rotary driving device, the rotary table vehicle drives the piled bricks placed on the rotary table vehicle to be conveyed in sequence on the track transmission system, the actions of each process are connected compactly during packaging, the piled bricks are conveyed stably, and the packed piled bricks are firm;
4. the initial green brick pile processed by the production line of the utility model can comprise one or two original green bricks, can be matched and connected with different steam-curing kettles in the previous working procedure, and has wide application range;
5. the utility model discloses only need place the brick pillar on the carousel in the packing process, the brick pillar bottom after the packing no longer need place the tray, can set up one set, two sets or more than two sets of automatic packing machines and carousel as required in the production line, and the production line overall arrangement is nimble compact, can improve packing efficiency greatly to can save the packing cost, the utility model discloses no tray packing production line and packing technology are fit for widelys popularizing in the market;
in a word, the utility model discloses can be reliable reserve out the fork truck hole in the brick pillar of packing to the packing production line component equipment operation is high-efficient, and the production line overall arrangement is nimble compact, can improve production efficiency greatly.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic front view of a palletless packaging production line for bricks according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic side view of a palletless packaging line for bricks according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic top view of a palletless packaging line for bricks according to the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of a transfer cart and a rail transmission system part of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic side view of the transfer cart of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic top view of the transfer cart of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic front view of the automatic brick stacking machine of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic side view of the automatic brick stacking machine of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a schematic diagram of the change of the shape of the brick pile in the packing process of the present invention.
Description of reference numerals:
1. conveying the green bricks; 2. automatic brick stacking machine; 21. a frame; 22. moving the trolley; 23. a vertical lifting device; 24. clamping the manipulator; 25. a rotating device; 26. a transition platform; 3. a track transport system; 31. a track; 32. a rack; 33. a position detection switch; 4. turning a plate vehicle; 41. a reciprocating traveling mechanism; 411. a gear; 412. a wheel assembly; 413. welding the turntable body; 42. a rotation driving device; 43. rotating the tray; 431. a yielding groove; 5. an automatic packing machine; 6. a brick pillar forklift hole; 7. a hydraulic system; 8. an electric control cabinet.
Detailed Description
The invention will be described in further detail with reference to the following drawings and specific embodiments:
referring to fig. 1-9, a tray-free brick packaging production line comprises an automatic brick stacking machine 2, a rotary table cart 4 and an automatic packaging machine 5, wherein an initial green brick stack is conveyed to the input end of the automatic brick stacking machine 2, gaps exist among bricks of the initial green brick stack, and forklift hole positions are reserved on the uppermost layer of the initial green brick stack; the automatic brick stacking machine 2 is used for arranging and carrying green brick piles: the automatic brick stacking machine 2 finishes folding gaps between bricks in two directions in an initial brick stack, then the automatic brick stacking machine 2 clamps a plurality of layers of bricks on the brick stack and places the bricks on the rotary turret car 4, and finally the rest of the brick stack is partially overlapped above the plurality of layers of bricks on the rotary turret car 4 so as to form a brick stack forklift hole 6 with stable size in a brick stack; the rotary disc vehicle 4 is used for automatically transporting brick piles between the automatic brick stacking machine 2 and the automatic packing machine 5; the automatic packing machine 5 automatically completes the packing of the brick piles on the turntable vehicle 4.
The rotary table cart 4 and the automatic packing machine 5 in the production line are configured according to the requirement and can comprise one set, two sets or more than two sets.
The initial green brick pile conveyed to the input end of the automatic brick stacking machine 2 comprises two original green bricks which are arranged along the conveying direction of the automatic brick stacking machine 2, the automatic brick stacking machine 2 respectively sorts and conveys the two original green bricks twice, the former original green brick is placed on the transition platform 26 after finishing the gap furling in two directions, and then the gap furling in two directions of the latter original green brick is carried out; then the automatic brick stacking machine 2 clamps a plurality of layers of green bricks on the previous green brick pile and places the green bricks on the rotary disc vehicle 4, and then the rest green brick pile in the previous green brick pile is partially overlapped above the plurality of layers of green bricks on the rotary disc vehicle 4; and the rotary disc vehicle 4 returns to the initial position after the previous brick pile is transported, and the automatic brick stacking machine 2 repeats the operation again to stack the next brick pile on the rotary disc vehicle 4 up and down alternately.
The utility model discloses well automatic sign indicating number brick machine 2's load is greater than 10 tons, and the load of carousel car 4 is greater than 3.5 tons. The automatic brick stacking machine 2 can process initial green brick piles with one or two original green bricks respectively, and the production line compatibility is good.
The production line also comprises a track transmission system 3, the rotary table vehicle 4 travels back and forth on the track transmission system 3 so as to automatically transport brick piles between the automatic brick stacking machine 2 and the automatic packing machine 5, and the rotary table vehicle 4 can rotate so as to change the direction of the brick piles placed on the rotary table vehicle; the automatic packing machine 5 is arranged above the middle section of the track transmission system 3 in a spanning mode and used for packing the coded brick piles in two directions which are staggered transversely and longitudinally. The carousel 4 is in the installation the automatic walking on the track transmission system 3, when follow-up further improves, the carousel 4 also can design into the transport carousel of the AGV formula that need not the track.
The track transmission system 3 comprises a track 31, a rack 32 and a position detection switch 33, the turntable vehicle 4 is sequentially provided with a reciprocating traveling mechanism 41, a rotary driving device 42 and a rotary tray 43 from bottom to top, brick piles are placed on the rotary tray 43, and the reciprocating traveling mechanism 41, the track 31 and the rack 32 are in transmission fit to drive the turntable vehicle 4 to reciprocate on the track transmission system 3 so as to convey the brick piles placed on the turntable vehicle 4 to different positions; the position detection switch 33 is used for detecting the position of the double traveling mechanism 41 on the rail 31.
The position detection switches 33 in the track transmission system 3 include a plurality of position detection switches 33, the installation position of each detection switch 33 is determined according to the packing operation station of the turntable vehicle 4 on the track transmission system 3, for example, the position detection switches 33 may be non-contact photoelectric switches, proximity switches, and the like, which are arranged at two end positions of the track transmission system 3, the packing position, the position where the rectangular steel pipe is grabbed by being matched with a robot, and the like.
Be equipped with the fluting 431 that is convenient for automatic packing machine 5 to realize no tray packing on rotatory tray 43, fluting 431 includes horizontal and vertical two rows corresponding with brick pillar packing ribbon position.
The automatic packing machine 5 of the utility model adopts a packing machine purchased from Baishi packing company, and the model of the packing machine can adopt DBA-600P; the packer usually uses the PET packing belt as the packing material, and the abdicating groove 431 on the rotary tray 43 is convenient for the PET packing belt to pack and bundle.
Referring to fig. 4-6, the reciprocating traveling mechanism 41 includes a gear 411, a wheel assembly 412 and a welding turntable 413, the gear 411 is engaged with the rack 32 in the rail transmission system 3, the wheel assembly 412 rolls on the rail 31, and the rotary driving device 42 is fixed on the welding turntable 413. The gear 411 is connected with a driving motor, and the driving motor is in control connection with a controller and an operation control terminal.
Referring to fig. 7-8, the automatic brick stacking machine 2 includes a frame 21 with a guide rail, and a moving trolley 22 capable of running on the guide rail of the frame 21, wherein a vertical lifting device 23 is arranged on the moving trolley 22, the vertical lifting device 23 is connected with a clamping manipulator 24 capable of carrying green bricks or piled bricks, a rotating device 25 is further arranged between the vertical lifting device 23 and the clamping manipulator 24, the rotating device 25 drives the clamping manipulator 24 to rotate, and a transition platform 26 for placing green bricks is arranged on the ground corresponding to the middle of the frame 21.
One end of the automatic brick stacking machine 2 is also connected with a green brick conveying line 1, the green brick conveying line 1 conveys initial green bricks to the input end of the automatic brick stacking machine 2, and the other end of the automatic brick stacking machine 2 is connected with the track conveying system 3.
The utility model provides an automatic hacking machine 2's concrete structure refers to the application number that applicant applied before and is 201210590715.8, the structure in the patent name "hacking machine presss from both sides brick device with two-way shrink mechanism", and the adobe clearance shrink in the realization brick pillar that can be fine. In order to improve the processing efficiency and reduce the waiting time in the process, a transition platform 26 suitable for use is additionally arranged in the existing automatic brick stacking machine 2, the transition platform 26 is convenient for placing a brick pile (or a brick blank pile) with a contracted gap, and the clamping mechanical arm 24 can alternately act between the brick blank conveying line 1 and the track conveying system 3 in sequence through program control to realize the treatment and turnover conveying of the brick blanks.
The adobe conveying line 1 in the utility model adopts the known structure in the prior art, and the production line formed by the adobe conveying line 1, the automatic brick stacking machine 2 and the track transmission system 3 as main bodies in the utility model can be in compact U-shaped arrangement, thereby being convenient for saving the space of a workshop; the device can also be arranged into a straight line or a continuous broken line-shaped production line according to the requirement, so that the device can be flexibly arranged according to the field condition.
The outer side of the automatic brick stacking machine 2 is provided with a hydraulic system 7 and an electric control cabinet 8 which can drive a production line, the electric control cabinet 8 is internally provided with a controller and an operation control terminal, the controller and the operation control terminal are provided with corresponding control programs and can control the packing production line to automatically run in sequence, and the controller, the operation control terminal and the control programs adopt technical schemes known by persons skilled in the art.
The packing method of the tray-free brick packing production line according to the production line comprises the following steps:
s1, providing the automatic brick stacking machine 2, an initial green brick pile conveyed to the input end of the automatic brick stacking machine 2, a rotary table cart 4 and an automatic packing machine 5, wherein gaps exist among bricks of the initial green brick pile, and forklift hole positions are reserved on the uppermost layer of the initial green brick pile;
s2, the automatic brick stacking machine 2 clamps the initial green brick pile and simultaneously realizes the gap furling in the clamping direction;
s3, the automatic brick stacking machine 2 rotates for 90 degrees and then stacks the green bricks;
s4, the automatic brick stacking machine 2 clamps the green brick pile again to finish the gap furling in the other direction of the green brick pile;
s5, the automatic brick stacking machine 2 clamps a plurality of layers of adobes on the adobe pile and places the adobes on the rotary table vehicle 4, and then the rest of the adobe pile is partially overlapped above the plurality of layers of adobes on the rotary table vehicle 4, so that the brick pile forklift holes 6 with stable size are formed in the brick pile;
s6, the rotary table vehicle 4 conveys the brick piles to the automatic packing machine 5, the automatic packing machine 5 packs the brick piles, after the brick piles are packed in one direction, the rotary table vehicle 4 drives the brick piles to rotate 90 degrees, the brick piles are packed in the other direction, and transverse and longitudinal staggered packing is completed;
and S7, returning the turntable 4 to the initial position, and repeating the cycle to perform continuous operation.
Further optimizing and adjusting, the packing method of the tray-free brick packing production line further comprises the following steps:
s1, conveying the initial green brick stack to the input end of the automatic brick stacking machine 2, wherein the initial green brick stack comprises two original green bricks, the uppermost layer of the initial green bricks is reserved with original positions of brick pile forklift holes, and the two original green bricks are arranged along the conveying direction of the automatic brick stacking machine 2;
s2, the automatic brick stacking machine 2 clamps the first original green brick to realize the gap furling of the green brick pile in the clamping direction, then rotates 90 degrees to complete the gap furling of the green brick pile in the other direction and then places the green brick pile on the transition platform 26; then the automatic brick stacking machine 2 clamps the second original green brick again to finish the gap folding in two directions;
s3, the automatic brick stacking machine 2 places a plurality of layers of bricks on the upper part of the green brick pile placed on the transition platform 26 on the rotary disc vehicle 4;
s4, the automatic brick stacking machine 2 conveys the residual green bricks on the transition platform 26, which are removed from the upper layers of bricks in the step S3, to the brick pile on the turntable 4, and after the completion, stable-size brick pile forklift holes 6 are formed in the corresponding layers of bricks from bottom to top;
s5, the rotary table vehicle 4 automatically travels to convey the brick piles on the rotary table vehicle 4 to the automatic packing machine 5, the automatic packing machine 5 packs the brick piles, the rotary driving device 42 rotates 90 degrees after one direction is packed, the brick piles on the rotary tray 43 are driven to turn together to pack the brick piles in the other direction, and transverse and longitudinal staggered packing is completed;
s6, after the bricks are packed, the rotary table vehicle 4 continues to run, the packed bricks are conveyed to a brick pile forklift conveying position, the brick piles on the rotary table vehicle 4 are unloaded at the brick pile forklift conveying position,
s7, and then the carrousel 4 returns to the initial position;
s8, the automatic brick stacking machine 2 places a plurality of layers of bricks on the upper part of the second original adobe on the turntable 4;
s9, the automatic brick stacking machine 2 conveys the residual green brick stacks in the step S8 to the brick stacks on the rotary table vehicle 4, and after the completion, stable-size brick stack forklift holes 6 are formed in the corresponding layers of bricks from bottom to top;
s10, the turntable vehicle 4 automatically travels to convey the brick piles on the turntable vehicle 4 to the automatic packing machine 5, the automatic packing machine 5 packs the brick piles, the rotary driving device 42 rotates 90 degrees after one direction is packed, the rotary tray 43 and the brick piles on the turntable vehicle 4 are driven to turn together to pack the brick piles in the other direction, and transverse and longitudinal staggered packing is completed;
and S11, returning the turntable 4 to the initial position, and repeating the cycle to perform continuous operation.
In the actual operation process, the process of processing two original green bricks by the automatic brick stacking machine 2 in two times can be adjusted according to actual conditions, for example, the automatic brick stacking machine 2 can rotate one brick pile direction on the transition platform 26, and can rotate the other brick pile direction on the placing platform of the original green bricks, so that the two processes on the original green bricks are performed conveniently.
In the packing process, if the space in the automatic packing machine 5 is not enough, the turntable 4 can drive the brick piles on the turntable to leave the automatic packing machine 5 after packing in one direction, then the turntable 4 rotates by 90 degrees to drive the rotating tray 43 to turn together with the brick piles on the turntable 4, and after turning, the turntable 4 returns to the automatic packing machine 5 to complete packing.
In practice, the position of the pallet fork truck hole 6 can be set in the middle lower layer of the brick pile according to the gravity center of the brick pile and the bearing capacity of the packing belt, and is usually set in the third to fifth layers.
When the automatic brick stacking machine automatically operates, the initial position of the turntable vehicle 4 is positioned below the rack 21 at the joint of the track transmission system 3 and the automatic brick stacking machine 2, so that a clamping manipulator 24 of the automatic brick stacking machine 2 can conveniently carry brick piles; the production processes can be connected and matched more compactly, and the production takt time in a cycle period is reduced as much as possible; during preliminary program debugging, the turntable vehicle 4 can stay at the end of the track transmission system 3 far away from the automatic brick stacking machine 2, so that collision and damage in the debugging process are avoided, and the turntable vehicle runs to a set initial position after the program is complete.
The above only is the detailed implementation manner of the present invention, not limiting the patent scope of the present invention, all the equivalent structure changes made in the specification and the attached drawings or directly or indirectly applied to other related technical fields are included in the patent protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a no tray packing production line of brick which characterized in that: the automatic brick stacking machine comprises an automatic brick stacking machine (2), a turntable (4) and an automatic packing machine (5), wherein an initial green brick stack is conveyed to the input end of the automatic brick stacking machine (2), gaps exist among bricks of the initial green brick stack, and forklift hole positions are reserved on the uppermost layer of the initial green brick stack;
the automatic brick stacking machine (2) is used for arranging and carrying green brick piles: the automatic brick stacking machine (2) finishes folding gaps between bricks in two directions in an initial brick stack, then the automatic brick stacking machine (2) clamps a plurality of layers of bricks on the brick stack and places the bricks on the rotary disc vehicle (4), and finally, the rest of the brick stack is partially overlapped above the plurality of layers of bricks on the rotary disc vehicle (4) so as to form a brick stack forklift hole (6) with stable size in a brick stack;
the rotary disc vehicle (4) is used for automatically transporting brick piles between the automatic brick stacking machine (2) and the automatic packing machine (5);
and the automatic packing machine (5) automatically completes the packing of the brick piles on the turntable vehicle (4).
2. A palletless baling line of bricks as recited in claim 1, wherein: the initial green brick stack conveyed to the input end of the automatic brick stacking machine (2) comprises two original green bricks, the two original green bricks are arranged along the conveying direction of the automatic brick stacking machine (2), the automatic brick stacking machine (2) respectively sorts and conveys the two original green bricks twice, the former original green brick is placed on a transition platform (26) to finish the folding of the gaps in two directions, and then the later original green brick is folded in the gaps in two directions; then the automatic brick stacking machine (2) clamps a plurality of layers of green bricks on the previous green brick pile and places the green bricks on the rotary disc trolley (4), and then the rest green brick pile in the previous green brick pile is partially overlapped above the plurality of layers of green bricks on the rotary disc trolley (4); and the rotary plate vehicle (4) returns to the initial position after the previous brick pile is transported, and the automatic brick stacking machine (2) repeats the operation again to stack the next brick pile on the rotary plate vehicle (4) up and down alternately.
3. A palletless baling line of bricks as claimed in claim 1 or 2, characterized in that: the turntable vehicle (4) and the automatic packing machine (5) comprise at least one set.
4. A palletless baling line of bricks as claimed in claim 1 or 2, characterized in that: the brick pile stacking machine further comprises a track transmission system (3), the rotary table vehicle (4) travels on the track transmission system (3) in a reciprocating mode so as to automatically transport brick piles between the automatic brick stacking machine (2) and the automatic packing machine (5), and the rotary table vehicle (4) can rotate so as to change the direction of the brick piles placed on the rotary table vehicle; the automatic packing machine (5) is arranged above the middle section of the track transmission system (3) in a spanning mode and used for packing the coded brick piles in the transverse and longitudinal staggered directions.
5. A palletless baling line of bricks according to claim 4, characterized in that: the track transmission system (3) comprises a track (31), a rack (32) and a position detection switch (33), the turntable vehicle (4) is sequentially provided with a reciprocating travelling mechanism (41), a rotary driving device (42) and a rotary tray (43) from bottom to top, brick piles are placed on the rotary tray (43), and the reciprocating travelling mechanism (41) is in transmission fit with the track (31) and the rack (32) to drive the turntable vehicle (4) to reciprocate on the track transmission system (3) to convey the brick piles placed on the turntable vehicle (4) to different positions; the position detection switch (33) is used for detecting the position of the double traveling mechanism (41) on the track (31).
6. A palletless baling line of bricks according to claim 5, characterized in that: be equipped with fluting (431) that automatic packing machine (5) of being convenient for realized no tray packing on rotatory tray (43), fluting (431) include with the brick pillar packing tie position corresponding horizontal and vertical two rows.
7. A palletless baling line of bricks according to claim 5, characterized in that: including gear (411), wheel subassembly (412) and welding carousel body (413) in reciprocal running gear (41), gear (411) with rack (32) cooperation in track transmission system (3), wheel subassembly (412) are in roll on track (31), rotary drive device (42) are fixed on welding carousel body (413).
8. A palletless baling line of bricks as recited in claim 1, wherein: the automatic brick stacking machine (2) comprises a rack (21) with a guide rail and a movable trolley (22) capable of running on the guide rail of the rack (21), wherein a vertical lifting device (23) is arranged on the movable trolley (22), the vertical lifting device (23) is connected with a clamping manipulator (24) capable of carrying green bricks or piled bricks, a rotating device (25) is further arranged between the vertical lifting device (23) and the clamping manipulator (24), the rotating device (25) drives the clamping manipulator (24) to rotate, and a transition platform (26) for placing the green bricks is arranged on the ground corresponding to the middle of the rack (21).
CN201921007164.1U 2019-07-01 2019-07-01 Tray-free packaging production line for bricks Active CN210437473U (en)

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CN201921007164.1U CN210437473U (en) 2019-07-01 2019-07-01 Tray-free packaging production line for bricks

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111487943A (en) * 2020-05-14 2020-08-04 上海电机系统节能工程技术研究中心有限公司 Process treatment method and device for motor shaft

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111487943A (en) * 2020-05-14 2020-08-04 上海电机系统节能工程技术研究中心有限公司 Process treatment method and device for motor shaft

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