CN210413097U - Pipe laser cutting equipment - Google Patents

Pipe laser cutting equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210413097U
CN210413097U CN201921423974.5U CN201921423974U CN210413097U CN 210413097 U CN210413097 U CN 210413097U CN 201921423974 U CN201921423974 U CN 201921423974U CN 210413097 U CN210413097 U CN 210413097U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pipe
fixed
groove
transverse displacement
displacement
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Active
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CN201921423974.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
明瑞西
皮玉江
王岩岩
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Standard Optoelectronic Technology (Hangzhou) Co., Ltd
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Biaoke Laser Technology Hangzhou Co ltd
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Priority to CN201921423974.5U priority Critical patent/CN210413097U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a pipe laser cutting device, which comprises a frame, a feeding device and a scrap adhesion prevention device, wherein the feeding device is respectively positioned at the left side and the right side of the frame, the scrap adhesion prevention device is used for preventing scraps generated during pipe laser cutting from being adhered to the inner wall of a pipe, a clamping mechanism for clamping and rotating the pipe is fixed on a platform of the frame, a longitudinal translation mechanism is installed above the clamping mechanism, and a laser cutting head for cutting the pipe is installed on a sliding block of the longitudinal translation mechanism; the feeding device comprises a frame body and a feeding mechanism, wherein the frame body is provided with a through groove and a pipe pre-storage table positioned on one side of the through groove, and one end opening of the through groove corresponds to the clamping part of the clamping mechanism; a lifting mechanism is fixed on one side of the pipe pre-storage table at the position of the through groove; the feeding mechanism is arranged in the through groove. The mechanical automatic feeding pipe is adopted, so that the production efficiency is improved; meanwhile, the scrap adhesion prevention device is utilized during cutting, so that the cut pipes are better in service performance, and particularly when the pipes are used as water pipes or water pipe connectors.

Description

Pipe laser cutting equipment
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of a tubular product cutting process's technique and specifically relates to a tubular product laser cutting equipment.
Background
The metal pipe is a common metal section and is widely applied to various fields of production and life. The metal pipe produced by metal pipe production enterprises is long (2-5 meters, even longer), which is mainly convenient for production and transportation, and the metal pipe is cut into required length according to the use requirement in the application link, so that pipe cutting equipment is required. Common cutting equipment comprises saw cutting and laser cutting, wherein the saw cutting is realized by cutting a metal pipe with an electric saw, the cutting precision is low and is usually accompanied with noise and dust pollution, the laser cutting has the advantages of high precision, small pollution and the like, so a laser cutting machine is mostly used when a factory and the like need to cut the metal pipe in large batch, when the laser cutting machine (shown in figure 1) performs cutting, the metal pipe is conveyed forwards by a preset length and then is clamped through a pipe clamp, the metal pipe is stopped after touching a positioner 15, the positioner 15 retreats backwards (in the direction opposite to the advancing direction of the metal pipe) by a small distance, so that the positioner 15 is loosened, the pipe clamp 16 clamps and drives the pipe to rotate, meanwhile, a laser cutter 14 is started to cut the pipe, and blanking is performed after the cutting is completed; the laser cutting machine adopts manual pushing to convey the pipe to the clamp when the pipe is fed and conveyed, and manual feeding and conveying are carried out after each cutting is finished, so that the cutting efficiency is low, and the production progress is influenced when mass production is carried out; in the cutting process, generated metal chips and slag (in a high-temperature state) are easily adhered to the inner side wall of the cutting pipe body under the action of external force such as static electricity, the metal chips can cause adverse effects on subsequent use, and particularly the inner wall of the pipe is easily rusted when the metal chips are used as a water pipe joint, so that the water quality is influenced.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at solving the technical deficiencies and improving the production efficiency and preventing the pipe laser cutting equipment of disintegrating slag adhesion pipe inside wall when laser cutting pipe.
The utility model relates to a pipe laser cutting device, which comprises a frame, a feeding device and a scrap adhesion prevention device, wherein the feeding device is respectively positioned at the left side and the right side of the frame, the scrap adhesion prevention device is used for preventing scraps generated during pipe laser cutting from being adhered to the inner wall of a pipe, a clamping mechanism for clamping and rotating the pipe is fixed on a platform of the frame, a longitudinal translation mechanism is installed above the clamping mechanism, and a laser cutting head for cutting the pipe is installed on a sliding block of the longitudinal translation mechanism; the feeding device comprises a frame body and a feeding mechanism, wherein the frame body is provided with a through groove and a pipe pre-storage table positioned on one side of the through groove, and one end opening of the through groove corresponds to the clamping part of the clamping mechanism; a lifting mechanism is fixed on one side of the pipe pre-storage table at the position of the through groove, and the lifting mechanism is lifted to push the pipes of the pipe pre-storage table into the through groove; the feeding mechanism is arranged in the through groove to push and feed the pipe entering the through groove.
Further preferably, establish base and a plurality of baffle on the support body, the baffle top surface is the inclined plane to logical groove one side downward sloping, and the inclined plane of a plurality of baffles constitutes tubular product prestore platform, is located the baffle top side of logical groove position department and is fixed with pushing mechanism, and pushing mechanism includes cylinder or electric jar, slider, slide rail, and the slider is connected with the piston rod of cylinder or electric jar, and moves along the slide rail, fixes elevating system on the slider.
Further preferably, feed mechanism includes motor, drive sprocket, driven sprocket and chain, and drive sprocket is connected with the pivot of motor, and drive sprocket and driven sprocket pass through the axis of rotation and install in the both ends mouth below of passageway, and the chain ring overlaps on drive sprocket and driven sprocket, leads to the groove bottom surface and has microscler logical groove, leads to the inslot and is provided with the promotion head, promotes the head and includes body, pulley, and the body bottom runs through microscler logical groove after-fixing on the chain, and the pulley is installed to the body both sides, moves along leading to the groove.
Further preferably, lead to the frid and the bottom support that the groove includes both sides, the frid bottom clearance is fixed on the support of bottom, and the chain is located logical groove bottom, promotes first body and runs through from frid bottom clearance and fix with the chain.
Preferably, the scrap adhesion prevention device comprises a frame body, a pipe body, a liquid pump and an inflator pump, a first transverse displacement mechanism is fixed on the frame, a transverse displacement plate is fixed on a displacement slide block of the first transverse displacement mechanism, an elongated plate is installed on the front side surface of the transverse displacement plate, the first transverse displacement mechanism drives the transverse displacement plate to transversely reciprocate, a guide positioning block is fixed at the left end of the elongated plate, a second transverse displacement mechanism is fixed on the front side surface of the elongated plate, and the right end of the pipe body is fixed on a displacement slide block of the second transverse displacement mechanism; the left end of the pipe body penetrates through a guide hole of the guide positioning block, and the upper side surface of the pipe body is provided with an opening; the guide positioning block is provided with a liquid spraying hole communicated with the guide hole, the position of the liquid spraying hole corresponds to the opening positions on the laser cutting head and the pipe body respectively, and the liquid spraying hole is connected with an oil outlet of the liquid pump through a pipeline; the right end of the tube body is connected with an inflation inlet of the inflator pump through a pipeline; the left end of the opening is an opening end and is communicated with the left port of the tube body; the right end of the opening extends to the quarter position, the two-quarter position or the three-quarter position of the pipe body; the diameter of the pipe body is smaller than that of the pipe.
Further preferably, the lateral displacement plate is connected to the elongated plate by a longitudinal displacement mechanism.
Preferably, the scrap adhesion prevention device comprises a frame body, a pipe body and an air suction pump, a first transverse displacement mechanism is fixed on the frame, a transverse displacement plate is fixed on a displacement slide block of the first transverse displacement mechanism, a longitudinal displacement mechanism is mounted on the front side surface of the transverse displacement plate, an elongated plate is fixed on a slide block of the longitudinal displacement mechanism, the first transverse displacement mechanism drives the transverse displacement plate to transversely reciprocate, a guide positioning block is fixed at the left end of the elongated plate, a second transverse displacement mechanism is fixed on the front side surface of the elongated plate, and the right end of the pipe body is fixed on a displacement slide block of the second transverse displacement mechanism; the left end of the pipe body penetrates through a guide hole of the guide positioning block, and the upper side surface of the pipe body is provided with an opening corresponding to the laser cutting head; the right end of the pipe body is connected with an air pumping port of the air pumping pump through a pipeline; the left end of the opening is an opening end and is communicated with the left port of the tube body; the diameter of the pipe body is smaller than that of the pipe.
Further preferably, the longitudinal displacement mechanism comprises a second ball screw, two linear guide rails longitudinally arranged and two bearing seats; the ball screw II is positioned between the two linear slide rails and is fixed on the front side surface of the transverse displacement plate, and the ball screw II and the two linear slide rails are arranged in parallel; the two bearing blocks are respectively fixed at the upper end and the lower end of the transverse displacement plate, the bearing of the upper end bearing block is sleeved and fixed at the upper end of the ball screw II, the bearing of the lower end bearing block is sleeved and fixed at the lower end of the ball screw II, and the ball slide block of the ball screw II and the slide block on the linear guide rail are both fixed with the back side surface of the long plate; the upper end of the ball screw II is sleeved and fixed with a hand wheel or a servo motor or a speed reducing motor.
Preferably, the transverse displacement mechanism I comprises a servo motor, two transversely arranged long-distance linear displacement slide rails and a ball screw I, and the two linear displacement slide rails and the servo motor are fixed on the rack; the ball screw I is positioned between the two linear displacement slide rails and is arranged in parallel with each other; one end of the first ball screw is fixed with a rotating shaft of the servo motor, and the other end of the first ball screw is fixed with the rack; a ball sliding block of the ball screw I and a sliding block of the linear displacement sliding rail are both fixed with the rear side surface of the transverse displacement plate, positioning plates are fixed on the upper side and the lower side of the transverse displacement plate, and the inner side surfaces of the positioning plates are attached to the side surfaces of the long-distance linear displacement sliding rail; and the second transverse displacement mechanism is a transverse displacement servo sliding table.
Preferably, the material supporting device further comprises a material supporting cylinder, a material supporting roller, a first 7-shaped connecting rod and a second connecting rod, wherein the first connecting rod and the second connecting rod are positioned below the material supporting cylinder; the end part of a transverse rod of the first 7-shaped connecting rod is hinged with the end part of a piston rod of the material supporting cylinder through a pin shaft, and the end part of a longitudinal rod of the first 7-shaped connecting rod is hinged with one end of the second connecting rod through a pin shaft; the material supporting roller is positioned at the lower position of the left side of the guide positioning block; the middle part of the second connecting rod is hinged with a pin shaft of the transverse displacement plate, and the other end of the second connecting rod is positioned at the lower position of the left side of the guide positioning block; one end of the material supporting roller is rotatably connected with the other end of the second connecting rod, and the middle part of the material supporting roller is provided with a V-shaped annular groove.
The pipe laser cutting equipment designed by the utility model adopts a mechanical automatic feeding pipe structure, so that the production efficiency is improved, and the production progress is improved; meanwhile, the scrap adhesion prevention device is utilized during cutting, so that the cut pipes are better in service performance, and particularly when the pipes are used as water pipes or water pipe connectors.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a prior art structure of example 1;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the overall apparatus structure of example 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the charging device of embodiment 1;
FIG. 4 is a partial view (one) of the charging device of embodiment 1;
FIG. 5 is a partial view (II) of the charging device of embodiment 1;
fig. 6 is a partial view (iii) of the charging device of embodiment 1;
fig. 7 is a partial view (four) of the charging device of embodiment 1;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view (one) of the structure of the chip adhesion preventing device of example 1;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view showing the structure of the chip adhesion preventing means of example 1 (II);
FIG. 10 is a schematic view (III) of the structure of the chip adhesion preventing device of example 1;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view (IV) of the structure of the chip adhesion preventing means of example 2;
fig. 12 is a schematic structural view (v) of the chip adhesion preventing device according to example 3.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art all belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Example 1:
as shown in fig. 2 to 10, the tube laser cutting apparatus described in this embodiment includes a frame 110, a feeding device 120 respectively located at the left and right sides of the frame 110, and a scrap adhesion preventing device 190 for preventing scraps generated during tube laser cutting from adhering to the inner wall of the tube, a clamping mechanism 170 for clamping and rotating the tube is fixed on a platform of the frame 110, a longitudinal translation mechanism 180 is installed above the clamping mechanism 170, and a laser cutting head 188 for cutting the tube is installed on a slider of the longitudinal translation mechanism 180; the feeding device 120 comprises a frame body 121 and a feeding mechanism 130, wherein the frame body 121 is provided with a through groove 1211 and a pipe pre-storage table positioned on one side of the through groove 1211, and one port of the through groove 121 corresponds to a clamping position of the clamping mechanism 170; a lifting mechanism 150 is fixed on one side of the pipe pre-storage table at the position of the through groove 1211, and the lifting mechanism 150 is lifted to push the pipe of the pipe pre-storage table into the through groove 1211; the feeding mechanism 130 is installed in the through groove 1211 to push and feed the tube material entering the through groove 1211. The clamping mechanism 150 may be a three-jaw chuck and a belt drive mechanism mounted on the three-jaw chuck, the belt drive mechanism (comprising a motor, a driving pulley, a driven pulley and a driving belt, the motor driving the driving pulley, the driven pulley and the driving belt to work to drive the three-jaw chuck to rotate) drives the three-jaw chuck to rotate. Wherein the longitudinal translation mechanism adopts a longitudinal translation servo sliding table. A lower storage bin is arranged below the platform of the rack, and an opening of the lower storage bin corresponds to the opening of the platform, so that the cut pipes directly fall into the lower storage bin.
In this embodiment, the scrap adhesion preventing device 190 includes a frame body 1, a pipe body 6, a liquid pump 11 and an inflator pump 12, a first transverse displacement mechanism 2 is fixed on the frame 1, a transverse displacement plate 3 is fixed on a displacement slide block of the first transverse displacement mechanism 2, an elongated plate 4 is installed on a front side surface of the transverse displacement plate 3, the first transverse displacement mechanism 2 drives the transverse displacement plate 3 to transversely reciprocate, a guide positioning block 7 is fixed on a left end portion of the elongated plate 4, a second transverse displacement mechanism 5 is fixed on a front side surface of the elongated plate 4, and a right end of the pipe body 6 is fixed on a displacement slide block of the second transverse displacement mechanism 5; the left end of the tube body 6 penetrates through the guide hole 71 of the guide positioning block 7, and the upper side surface of the tube body is provided with an opening 61; the guide positioning block 7 is provided with a liquid spraying hole 72 communicated with the guide hole 71, the position of the liquid spraying hole 72 corresponds to the position of the opening 61 on the pipe body 6, and the liquid spraying hole 72 is connected with an oil outlet of the liquid pump 11 through a pipeline; the right end of tube 6 is connected to the inflation inlet of inflator 12 via a conduit. The tube body 6 is a copper tube. The liquid pump and the inflator pump can be arranged externally and also can be fixed at the bottom or the middle part of the frame. And viscous cutting fluid (aluminum alloy cutting fluid) is introduced into the liquid spraying hole through a liquid pump. The device is especially used for cutting pipes with small pipe diameters.
The left end of the opening 61 is an opening end and is communicated with the left port of the pipe body 6, and the effect that the cutting fluid of the structure is adhered to the inner wall of the pipe is better; the right-hand member of opening 61 extends to the quarter position department or the two-quarters position department or the three-quarters position department of body, and it is less because the diameter of minor diameter pipe, comparatively is close with the body outer wall, if the body cuts at same position for a long time, causes the body damage very easily to longer with open-ended length design, the different positions carry out the cutting operation on the removable opening, avoid the condition of body damage to take place.
The chip adhesion prevention device structure comprises a pipe body, a liquid spraying and pumping pump, a gas filling pump, a cutting fluid spraying pump and a cutting fluid spraying pump, wherein one end with an opening on the pipe body is inserted into a pipe clamped by a laser cutting machine and at a section to be cut, the liquid spraying pump is started to spray liquid into the pipe body through a liquid spraying hole and the opening, the gas filling pump is also started simultaneously in the liquid spraying process, high-pressure gas is filled into the pipe body to blow the sprayed cutting fluid (which can be in an oil mist shape) away, the cutting fluid directly contacts and adheres to the inner wall of the pipe body and the inner wall of the pipe body, so that chips and chips generated in the laser cutting process can be prevented from adhering and adhering to; the pipe further cut off has better service performance when used as a water pipe joint.
In order to control the displacement distance conveniently, and the transverse displacement mechanism I2 designed to be stable and reliable in displacement comprises a servo motor 21, two transversely arranged long-distance linear displacement slide rails 23 and a ball screw I22, wherein the two linear displacement slide rails and the servo motor are fixed on a rack; the ball screw I is positioned between the two linear displacement slide rails and is arranged in parallel with each other; one end of the first ball screw is fixed with a rotating shaft of the servo motor, and the other end of the first ball screw is fixed with the rack; the ball slide block of the ball screw I and the slide block of the linear displacement slide rail are fixed with the rear side face of the transverse displacement plate, the positioning plates 13 are fixed on the upper side and the lower side of the transverse displacement plate 3, and the inner side faces of the positioning plates 13 are attached to the side faces of the long-distance linear displacement slide rail 23. The second transverse displacement mechanism 5 is a transverse displacement servo sliding table (composed of a servo motor, a ball screw and a sliding block).
The working principle of the structure is as follows: the long metal pipes are placed on a pipe pre-storage table one by a forklift or a manual hand-lifting type, the metal pipes positioned at a lifting mechanism on the pre-storage table are jacked up by the lifting mechanism to be pushed into a through groove, then a feeding mechanism is started to push the pipes entering the through groove into a central clamping positioning hole penetrating through a three-jaw chuck, the three-jaw chuck stops after feeding and conveying to a certain length, the three-jaw chuck clamps and positions the pipes, a servo motor is utilized to be electrified and started to drive a ball screw to rotate, the ball screw rotates to drive a ball slide block to move towards the direction of the pipes to be cut, the displacement of the ball slide block drives a transverse displacement slide plate, a long plate, a transverse displacement servo slide table and a displacement towards the direction of the pipes to be cut, the side surface of a positioning block to be guided is attached to a port of the pipes to be cut so as to, under the condition that a small distance exists between the side surface of the guide positioning block and the port of the pipe to be cut, the transverse displacement servo sliding table is electrified and started, one end with an opening on the pipe body is inserted and displaced towards the inside of the pipe to be cut, so that in the process of inserting one side (after the pipe body is inserted into the pipe, the outer wall of the pipe body is not contacted with the inner wall of the pipe), the jet pump is started to convey cutting fluid into the oil pipe, the cutting fluid is jetted into the pipe body through the fluid jet hole and the opening, the inflator pump is also started simultaneously in the process of jetting, high-pressure gas is filled into the pipe body to blow off the jetted cutting fluid (which can be in an oil mist shape), the blown off cutting fluid is jetted out from one port with the opening on the pipe body, and the cutting fluid is directly contacted with and adhered to the inner wall of the pipe and the inner wall (the effect is the best when the cutting fluid is adhered to, the opening on the pipe body is displaced to the position to be cut on the pipe and stopped, then the laser cutting head is displaced downwards to enable the laser cutting head to be close to the outer surface of the metal pipeline (wherein the laser cutting head corresponds to the opening on the pipe body), the laser cutting head is started to carry out cutting operation, scraps and slag generated during cutting float or are attached to cutting fluid under the action of the cutting fluid (because the scraps and the slag are cooled by flushed air before contacting the cutting fluid and are completely cooled after contacting the cutting fluid, so that the scraps and the slag cannot be adhered to the inner wall of the pipe body and the inner wall of the pipe even if contacting the inner wall of the pipe after cooling, and the scraps and the slag cannot be adhered to the inner wall of the pipe body and the inner wall of the pipe body, and the scraps and the slag can be completely cleaned only by high-pressure flushing. When the device does not work, the transverse displacement plate and the tube body are reset through the work of the transverse displacement mechanism I and the transverse displacement mechanism II. The guide positioning block can be used as a positioner for positioning the length of the cut pipe extending out, and the guide positioning block retreats by one end distance after the pipe is to be cut.
In this embodiment, the frame body 121 is provided with a base 142 and a plurality of partition boards 140, the top surfaces of the partition boards 140 are inclined surfaces 141 inclined downward toward one side of the through slots, the inclined surfaces of the partition boards 140 form a tube pre-storage table, a pushing mechanism 210 is fixed on the side surface of the top of the partition board located at the position of the through slot 1211, the pushing mechanism 210 includes an air cylinder or electric cylinder 211, a sliding block 213 and a sliding rail 212, the sliding block is connected with a piston rod of the air cylinder or electric cylinder and moves along the sliding rail, and a lifting mechanism is fixed on the sliding block. The pushing mechanism is used for adjusting the position of the lifting mechanism according to the diameter of the pipe so as to ensure that only one pipe is jacked when the pipe is jacked. The lifting mechanism is a lifting cylinder, and a jacking block is fixed at the end part of a piston rod of the lifting cylinder.
In this embodiment, the feeding mechanism 130 includes a motor 134, a driving sprocket 135, a driven sprocket and a chain 132, the driving sprocket is connected to a rotating shaft of the motor, the driving sprocket and the driven sprocket are installed below two ports of the channel through rotation of the rotating shaft, the chain is sleeved on the driving sprocket and the driven sprocket, a long through slot 12111 is formed in the bottom surface of the through slot 1211, a pushing head 131 is arranged in the through slot, the pushing head 131 includes a body 1311 and a pulley 1312, the bottom of the body penetrates through the long through slot 12111 and then is fixed on the chain 132, and the pulleys 1312 are installed on two sides of the body and move along the through. The structure utilizes the chain to drive the pushing head to displace, thereby pushing the metal pipe to carry out automatic cutting and feeding.
In this embodiment, the through slot 1211 includes a slot plate 136 and a bottom bracket 133 at two sides, the bottom of the slot plate 136 is fixed on the bottom bracket 133 in a gap, and the chain 132 is located at the bottom of the through slot 1211, so that the pushing head body 1311 penetrates through the bottom of the slot plate 136 in a gap and is fixed with the chain 132. An upper row of pulleys and a lower row of pulleys are installed on each side of the body, and the groove plate is located between the two rows of pulleys, so that the running stability is improved.
In this embodiment, the transverse displacement plate is connected to the elongated plate via a longitudinal displacement mechanism; the longitudinal displacement mechanism 8 comprises a second ball screw 81, two longitudinally arranged linear guide rails 83 and two bearing seats 82; the ball screw II is positioned between the two linear slide rails and is fixed on the front side surface of the transverse displacement plate, and the ball screw II and the two linear slide rails are arranged in parallel; the two bearing blocks are respectively fixed at the upper end and the lower end of the transverse displacement plate, the bearing of the upper end bearing block 82 is sleeved and fixed at the upper end of the ball screw II, the bearing of the lower end bearing block 82 is sleeved and fixed at the lower end of the ball screw II, and the ball sliding block of the ball screw II 81 and the sliding block on the linear guide rail are both fixed with the back side surface of the long plate 4; the upper end of the ball screw 81 is sleeved and fixed with a hand wheel 10 or a servo motor 10 or a speed reducing motor 10. The structure of the pipe body is used for adjusting the position of the pipe body according to pipes with different diameters in small-diameter pipes (at the moment, the pipe body is possibly replaced according to the diameter of the pipe to be cut), so that the up-and-down displacement adjustment of the pipe body is carried out for preventing the outer wall of the pipe body from contacting with the inner wall of the pipe. And realize manual or electronic regulation longitudinal displacement, and displacement mechanism makes the displacement steady reliable moreover.
In the embodiment, the material supporting device further comprises a material supporting cylinder 17, a material supporting roller 18, a first 7-shaped connecting rod 19 and a second connecting rod 20, wherein the first connecting rod 19 and the second connecting rod are located below the material supporting cylinder 17, and the material supporting cylinder 17 is longitudinally fixed at the left end of the transverse displacement plate; the end part of a transverse rod of the first 7-shaped connecting rod is hinged with the end part of a piston rod of the material supporting cylinder through a pin shaft, and the end part of a longitudinal rod of the first 7-shaped connecting rod is hinged with one end of the second connecting rod through a pin shaft; the material supporting roller is positioned at the lower position of the left side of the guide positioning block; the middle part of the second connecting rod is hinged with a pin shaft of the transverse displacement plate, and the other end of the second connecting rod is positioned at the lower position of the left side of the guide positioning block; one end of the material supporting roller 18 is rotatably connected with the other end of the second connecting rod, and the middle part of the material supporting roller is provided with a V-shaped annular groove 181. The structure supports the pipe part needing to be cut and blanked, and prevents the pipe part needing to be cut and blanked from drooping and bending during laser cutting, so that the laser cutting effect is better. And the material supporting roller is promoted to ascend and descend by ascending and descending of the material supporting cylinder, and the adjustment is carried out according to the diameter of the pipe in such a way, so that the pipe is supported by the V-shaped ring groove of the material supporting roller.
Example 2:
as shown in fig. 11 and 12, the laser cutting apparatus for pipes described in this embodiment has a general structure similar to that of embodiment 1, but differs from that of embodiment 1 in that: the debris adhesion preventing device 190 comprises a frame body 100, a pipe body 600 and an air suction pump 101, wherein a first transverse displacement mechanism 200 is fixed on the frame 100, a transverse displacement plate 300 is fixed on a displacement slide block of the first transverse displacement mechanism 200, a longitudinal displacement mechanism 800 is installed on the front side surface of the transverse displacement plate 300, an elongated plate 400 is fixed on a slide block of the longitudinal displacement mechanism 800, the first transverse displacement mechanism 200 drives the transverse displacement plate 300 to transversely reciprocate, a guide positioning block 700 is fixed at the left end part of the elongated plate 400, a second transverse displacement mechanism 200 is fixed on the front side surface of the elongated plate 400, and the right end of the pipe body 600 is fixed on a displacement slide block of the second transverse displacement mechanism 500; the left end of the tube body 600 penetrates through a guide hole 701 of the guide positioning block 700, and the upper side surface of the tube body is provided with an opening 601 corresponding to the laser cutting head 188; the right end of the pipe body 600 is connected with the air pumping port of the air pumping pump 101 through a pipeline; the left end of the opening 601 is an open end and is communicated with the left port of the tube body 600. The cutting device is particularly suitable for cutting thick pipes.
In the structure, when laser cutting is carried out, a servo motor is utilized to be electrified and started to promote a ball screw to rotate, the ball screw rotates to promote a ball sliding block to move towards the direction of a pipe to be cut, the displacement of the ball sliding block drives a transverse displacement sliding plate, a long plate, a transverse displacement servo sliding table and the pipe to be cut to move towards the direction of the pipe to be cut, the side surface of a positioning block to be guided is attached to the port of the pipe to be cut so as to position the extending length of the pipe, then the positioning block is retreated for a certain distance, under the condition that a small distance exists between the side surface of the positioning block to be guided and the port of the pipe to be cut, the transverse displacement servo sliding table is electrified and started to insert and displace the end with an opening on the pipe body towards the inside of the pipe to be cut, the opening end on the pipe body is moved to the position to be, at this moment, the laser cutting head moves downwards to enable the laser cutting head to be close to the outer surface of the metal pipeline (wherein the opening of the laser cutting head on the pipe body corresponds), the laser cutting head is started to perform cutting operation, fragments and slag generated during cutting directly drop into the pipe body through the opening, then an air suction pump in the pipe body is started simultaneously to suck air into the pipe body, and therefore the fragments and the slag are sucked away and removed in the pipe body under the action of negative pressure.
(1) The pipe body is designed to be connected into the cut pipe, metal scraps generated in a cut during cutting can be connected into the pipe body in time, the scrap removing pipe is adjusted to be close to the inner wall of the cut pipe through the lifting mechanism, and the scraps can be prevented from falling into the inner cavity of the pipe;
(2) the exhaust device is connected to the tail end of the pipe body, so that the chips can be removed in time, and the suction efficiency of the chips is improved through formed negative pressure.
In this embodiment, the longitudinal displacement mechanism 800 includes a second ball screw 801, two longitudinally arranged linear guide rails 803, and two bearing seats 802; the ball screw II is positioned between the two linear slide rails and is fixed on the front side surface of the transverse displacement plate, and the ball screw II and the two linear slide rails are arranged in parallel; the two bearing blocks are respectively fixed at the upper end and the lower end of the transverse displacement plate, the bearing of the upper end bearing block 802 is sleeved and fixed at the upper end of the ball screw II, the bearing of the lower end bearing block 802 is sleeved and fixed at the lower end of the ball screw II, and the ball sliding block of the ball screw II 801 and the sliding block on the linear guide rail are both fixed with the back side surface of the long plate 400; the upper end of the second ball screw 801 is sleeved and fixed with a hand wheel 10 or a servo motor 10 or a speed reducing motor 10. Its structure is more accurate along the inside wall laminating displacement with tubular product for the opening on the body, uses more reliably to realize manual or the vertical displacement of electrical control, displacement mechanism is steady reliable when making the displacement moreover.
The utility model discloses a servo slip table is by the base to and install servo motor, ball, slider and displacement guide mutually combine to constitute on the base, and not be restricted to above-mentioned best mode, anyone is in the utility model discloses a can all obtain the product of other various forms under the inspiration, nevertheless do any change in its shape or structural, all have with this application the same or similar technical scheme, all fall within the protection scope of the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. A pipe laser cutting device is characterized by comprising a rack, feeding devices and a scrap adhesion preventing device, wherein the feeding devices are respectively positioned on the left side and the right side of the rack; the feeding device comprises a frame body and a feeding mechanism, wherein the frame body is provided with a through groove and a pipe pre-storage table positioned on one side of the through groove, and one end opening of the through groove corresponds to the clamping part of the clamping mechanism; a lifting mechanism is fixed on one side of the pipe pre-storage table at the position of the through groove, and the lifting mechanism is lifted to push the pipes of the pipe pre-storage table into the through groove; the feeding mechanism is arranged in the through groove to push and feed the pipe entering the through groove.
2. The laser cutting equipment for the pipes as claimed in claim 1, wherein the frame body is provided with a base and a plurality of partition plates, the top surfaces of the partition plates are inclined surfaces which incline downwards towards one side of the through groove, the inclined surfaces of the partition plates form a pipe pre-storage table, the side surface of the top of the partition plate at the position of the through groove is fixed with a pushing mechanism, the pushing mechanism comprises an air cylinder or an electric cylinder, a sliding block and a sliding rail, the sliding block is connected with a piston rod of the air cylinder or the electric cylinder and moves along the sliding rail, and a lifting mechanism is fixed on the sliding block.
3. The laser cutting equipment for pipes as claimed in claim 1, wherein the feeding mechanism comprises a motor, a driving sprocket, a driven sprocket and a chain, the driving sprocket is connected with a rotating shaft of the motor, the driving sprocket and the driven sprocket are installed below two ports of the channel through the rotation of the rotating shaft, the chain is sleeved on the driving sprocket and the driven sprocket, the bottom surface of the through groove is provided with an elongated through groove, a pushing head is arranged in the through groove, the pushing head comprises a body and a pulley, the bottom of the body penetrates through the elongated through groove and then is fixed on the chain, and the pulleys are installed on two sides of the body and move along the through groove.
4. The pipe laser cutting device according to claim 3, wherein the through groove comprises a groove plate on two sides and a bottom bracket, a bottom gap of the groove plate is fixed on the bottom bracket, the chain is located at the bottom of the through groove, and the pushing head body penetrates through the bottom gap of the groove plate and is fixed with the chain.
5. The laser cutting equipment for the pipes as claimed in claim 1, wherein the scrap adhesion prevention device comprises a frame body, a pipe body, a liquid pump and an air pump, a first transverse displacement mechanism is fixed on the frame, a transverse displacement plate is fixed on a displacement slide block of the first transverse displacement mechanism, an elongated plate is installed on the front side surface of the transverse displacement plate, the first transverse displacement mechanism drives the transverse displacement plate to transversely reciprocate, a guide positioning block is fixed on the left end part of the elongated plate, a second transverse displacement mechanism is fixed on the front side surface of the elongated plate, and the right end of the pipe body is fixed on a displacement slide block of the second transverse displacement mechanism; the left end of the pipe body penetrates through a guide hole of the guide positioning block, and the upper side surface of the pipe body is provided with an opening; the guide positioning block is provided with a liquid spraying hole communicated with the guide hole, the position of the liquid spraying hole corresponds to the opening positions on the laser cutting head and the pipe body respectively, and the liquid spraying hole is connected with an oil outlet of the liquid pump through a pipeline; the right end of the tube body is connected with an inflation inlet of the inflator pump through a pipeline; the left end of the opening is an opening end and is communicated with the left port of the tube body; the right end of the opening extends to the quarter position, the two-quarter position or the three-quarter position of the pipe body; the diameter of the pipe body is smaller than that of the pipe.
6. The laser cutting apparatus for pipe according to claim 5, wherein the transverse displacement plate is connected to the elongated plate by a longitudinal displacement mechanism.
7. The laser cutting equipment for the pipes as claimed in claim 1, wherein the debris adhesion prevention device comprises a frame body, a pipe body and an air suction pump, a first transverse displacement mechanism is fixed on the frame, a transverse displacement plate is fixed on a displacement slide block of the first transverse displacement mechanism, a longitudinal displacement mechanism is installed on the front side surface of the transverse displacement plate, an elongated plate is fixed on a slide block of the longitudinal displacement mechanism, the first transverse displacement mechanism drives the transverse displacement plate to transversely reciprocate, a guide positioning block is fixed at the left end of the elongated plate, a second transverse displacement mechanism is fixed on the front side surface of the elongated plate, and the right end of the pipe body is fixed on a displacement slide block of the second transverse displacement mechanism; the left end of the pipe body penetrates through a guide hole of the guide positioning block, and the upper side surface of the pipe body is provided with an opening corresponding to the laser cutting head; the right end of the pipe body is connected with an air pumping port of the air pumping pump through a pipeline; the left end of the opening is an opening end and is communicated with the left port of the tube body; the diameter of the pipe body is smaller than that of the pipe.
8. The pipe laser cutting equipment according to claim 6 or 7, wherein the longitudinal displacement mechanism comprises a second ball screw, two longitudinally arranged linear guide rails and two bearing seats; the ball screw II is positioned between the two linear slide rails and is fixed on the front side surface of the transverse displacement plate, and the ball screw II and the two linear slide rails are arranged in parallel; the two bearing blocks are respectively fixed at the upper end and the lower end of the transverse displacement plate, the bearing of the upper end bearing block is sleeved and fixed at the upper end of the ball screw II, the bearing of the lower end bearing block is sleeved and fixed at the lower end of the ball screw II, and the ball slide block of the ball screw II and the slide block on the linear guide rail are both fixed with the back side surface of the long plate; the upper end of the ball screw II is sleeved and fixed with a hand wheel or a servo motor or a speed reducing motor.
9. The laser cutting equipment for the pipes as claimed in claim 6 or 7, wherein the first transverse displacement mechanism comprises a servo motor, two transversely arranged long-distance linear displacement slide rails and a first ball screw, and the two linear displacement slide rails and the servo motor are fixed on the frame; the ball screw I is positioned between the two linear displacement slide rails and is arranged in parallel with each other; one end of the first ball screw is fixed with a rotating shaft of the servo motor, and the other end of the first ball screw is fixed with the rack; a ball sliding block of the ball screw I and a sliding block of the linear displacement sliding rail are both fixed with the rear side surface of the transverse displacement plate, positioning plates are fixed on the upper side and the lower side of the transverse displacement plate, and the inner side surfaces of the positioning plates are attached to the side surfaces of the long-distance linear displacement sliding rail; and the second transverse displacement mechanism is a transverse displacement servo sliding table.
10. The pipe laser cutting equipment according to claim 6 or 7, further comprising a material supporting cylinder, a material supporting roller, a first 7-shaped connecting rod and a second connecting rod, wherein the first connecting rod and the second connecting rod are positioned below the material supporting cylinder, and the material supporting cylinder is longitudinally fixed at the left end of the transverse displacement plate; the end part of a transverse rod of the first 7-shaped connecting rod is hinged with the end part of a piston rod of the material supporting cylinder through a pin shaft, and the end part of a longitudinal rod of the first 7-shaped connecting rod is hinged with one end of the second connecting rod through a pin shaft; the material supporting roller is positioned at the lower position of the left side of the guide positioning block; the middle part of the second connecting rod is hinged with a pin shaft of the transverse displacement plate, and the other end of the second connecting rod is positioned at the lower position of the left side of the guide positioning block; one end of the material supporting roller is rotatably connected with the other end of the second connecting rod, and the middle part of the material supporting roller is provided with a V-shaped annular groove.
CN201921423974.5U 2019-08-30 2019-08-30 Pipe laser cutting equipment Active CN210413097U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921423974.5U CN210413097U (en) 2019-08-30 2019-08-30 Pipe laser cutting equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921423974.5U CN210413097U (en) 2019-08-30 2019-08-30 Pipe laser cutting equipment

Publications (1)

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CN210413097U true CN210413097U (en) 2020-04-28

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111942847A (en) * 2020-08-11 2020-11-17 佛山市宏石激光技术有限公司 Automatic pipe feeding method
CN112846353A (en) * 2020-12-31 2021-05-28 章娇娜 Stainless steel water nozzle machining equipment

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111942847A (en) * 2020-08-11 2020-11-17 佛山市宏石激光技术有限公司 Automatic pipe feeding method
CN112846353A (en) * 2020-12-31 2021-05-28 章娇娜 Stainless steel water nozzle machining equipment

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Address after: Unit 2, building 9, No.489, Hongtai Sixth Road, hongken farm, Xiaoshan Economic and Technological Development Zone, Xiaoshan District, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province

Patentee after: Standard Optoelectronic Technology (Hangzhou) Co., Ltd

Address before: Unit 2, building 9, No.489, Hongtai Sixth Road, hongken farm, Xiaoshan Economic and Technological Development Zone, Xiaoshan District, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province

Patentee before: BIAOKE LASER TECHNOLOGY (HANGZHOU) Co.,Ltd.

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