CN210406123U - Uniform-sowing equal-depth soil covering device for wheat - Google Patents

Uniform-sowing equal-depth soil covering device for wheat Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210406123U
CN210406123U CN201921191667.9U CN201921191667U CN210406123U CN 210406123 U CN210406123 U CN 210406123U CN 201921191667 U CN201921191667 U CN 201921191667U CN 210406123 U CN210406123 U CN 210406123U
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seed
box
sowing
frame body
fixedly connected
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CN201921191667.9U
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沈强云
谭振龙
胡建平
魏亦勤
桂林国
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Wuzhong Yihe Agricultural Machinery Service Co ltd
CROP Research Institute of Ningxia Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences
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Wuzhong Yihe Agricultural Machinery Service Co ltd
CROP Research Institute of Ningxia Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a wheat is even to be broadcast etc. dark earthing device, including seed case, support body, side shield and seed metering mechanism, wherein: the seed box is a box body with an isosceles trapezoid cross section; two side surfaces of the seed box are fixedly connected with the two side baffles; the side baffle is fixedly connected to the frame body; the seed box is assembled with the seed sowing mechanism; the seed sowing mechanism is assembled with the seed sowing shaft; the seed shaft is fixedly connected to the side baffle; the frame body is positioned right below the seed box and is fixedly connected with a rotary tillage mechanism; the frame body is fixedly connected with a seeding box and a soil separating roller; and a press roller is arranged behind the seeding box and the soil separating roller. Has the advantages that: the method has the advantages of good sowing effect, capability of separating soil from seeds during sowing, stable and reliable operation, capability of realizing the requirement of horizontal and uniform distribution of the field surface during the sowing of small-sized seeds, capability of achieving the cultivation purposes of saving seeds and fertilizers, resisting lodging and reducing cost and increasing yield, and great significance for stabilizing the crop planting area, saving the planting cost, improving the wheat planting benefit, promoting the yield increase and income increase and realizing green, high-quality and high-efficiency.

Description

Uniform-sowing equal-depth soil covering device for wheat
The technical field is as follows:
the utility model relates to the field of agricultural machinery, concretely relates to wheat is even to be broadcast etc. dark earthing device.
Background art:
row sowing or drill sowing planting is the traditional planting mode of wheat. However, the distance between the seeds in the row is small, so that the wheat is easy to be crowded after seedling emergence, the plants compete early, the occurrence of wheat tillering is inhibited, and the formation of strong seedlings is not facilitated. The wheat is evenly sowed, the inter-plant distance is maximized, the nutrition space under the ground and on the ground of a single plant is large in the seedling stage of the wheat, the competition among plants is small, the tillering is more, the strong seedling is facilitated, and the method is a new technology for high yield of the wheat. The key point of the uniform wheat seeding planting is mechanization which can not meet the requirements of uniform distribution of wheat seeds in the field and equal depth mulching.
The wheat seeds are uniformly distributed in the field and uniformly covered in depth, which is the technical key for increasing the yield of uniformly sowed wheat. The proper sowing depth of the wheat is 2.5 cm-3.5 cm, the sowing is too shallow, the seeds are greatly influenced by a dry soil layer in the field, and the whole seedling is not facilitated; the sowing is too deep, the seedlings are weak when the seeds emerge, and the tillering is less. The evenly-sowed wheat can enlarge the nutrition space of a single plant, tillering is early in seedling stage, tillering is more, creeping growth is achieved, and the evenly-sowed wheat has the characteristics of strong seedlings, spike and plant, strong plant, grain, strong roots, lodging resistance, stress resistance and the like, and is a main pushing technology for high yield of wheat in recent years.
The technology combines agricultural machinery and agriculture, and has the advantages of cost saving and yield increasing effects of integrated planting and ploughing and sowing; the method is popularized in the spring wheat planting area, can be used for sowing in a soil moisture-robbing mode, is high in planting efficiency, and is very beneficial to stabilizing and digging the planting area of the spring wheat area. Meanwhile, the sowing machine can be used for multiple purposes, is applied to crops such as winter wheat, winter forage grass, direct-sowing rice and the like, improves the utilization efficiency of the machine, reduces the use cost of the machine, and is popular with grain farmers. The technology aims at the problem that soil covering depth of seeds formed by soil taken up by a rotary tillage cutter is blocked by a seed discharging upright column is inconsistent in the operation process of machines and tools, and mechanical modification is carried out to achieve the purpose of shallow-consistent soil covering depth of the seeds, improve the seeding depth stability of wheat uniform seeding machinery seeding, reduce the quality of the seeding machinery accurately and improve the operation efficiency and the seeding quality of the seeding machinery.
The invention content is as follows:
an object of the utility model is to provide a rational in infrastructure, convenient to use, it is effectual to sow, can separate soil and seed during the seeding, and the operation is reliable and stable, collects the rotary tillage and digs, seed metering seeding, earthing, suppression function in the even deep earthing device such as broadcasting of wheat of an organic whole.
The utility model discloses a realize through following technical scheme:
the utility model discloses a wheat is even to be broadcast etc. dark earthing device, including seed case, support body, side shield and seed metering mechanism, wherein: the seed box is a box body with an isosceles trapezoid cross section; two side surfaces of the seed box are fixedly connected with the two side baffles; the side baffle is fixedly connected to the frame body; the seed box is assembled with the seed sowing mechanism; the seed sowing mechanism is assembled with the seed sowing shaft; the seed shaft is fixedly connected to the side baffle; the frame body is positioned right below the seed box and is fixedly connected with a rotary tillage mechanism; the frame body is fixedly connected with a seeding box and a soil separating roller at the rear position of the rotary tillage mechanism; a press roller is arranged behind the seeding box and the soil separating roller; the press roller is fixedly connected with the frame body through the roller connecting mechanism.
The even dark earthing device such as sowing of foretell wheat, wherein: the frame body is a rectangular plate with two side plates and the cross section of the frame body is "
Figure BDA0002145327140000021
Shape; the upper surface of the frame body is parallel to the upper and lower surfaces of the seed box; the frame body is positioned under the seed box and is fixedly connected with the seed box through the side baffle; the side baffle is vertical to the upper and lower surfaces of the seed box and the upper surface of the frame body(ii) a The rotary tillage mechanism is fixedly connected between the two side plates of the frame body; the rotary tillage mechanism is positioned under the seed box.
The even dark earthing device such as sowing of foretell wheat, wherein: the seed sowing mechanisms are provided with a plurality of groups, are communicated with the inner cavity of the seed box and are assembled with the seed sowing shaft; the seed shaft is fixedly connected between the two side baffles; the central axis of the seeding shaft is vertical to the surface of the side baffle; the plurality of groups of seed metering mechanisms are arranged in a uniform linear array along the axis of the seed metering shaft; one end of the seed sowing mechanism, which is not connected with the seed box, is positioned right behind the rotary tillage mechanism; the seeding box is a box body; the seeding box is positioned between the two side plates of the frame body and behind the rotary tillage mechanism and is fixedly connected with the frame body; a soil separating roller is arranged between the seeding box and the rotary tillage mechanism; the soil separating roller is fixedly connected between the two side plates of the frame body and is vertical to the two side plates; the seed metering mechanism is communicated with the inner cavity of the seeding box.
The even dark earthing device such as sowing of foretell wheat, wherein: the roller connecting mechanism comprises a connecting plate and a chain; the end surfaces of two sides of the shaft of the press roller are respectively and movably hinged with the frame body through connecting plates; the end faces of two sides of the shaft of the compression roller are respectively and fixedly connected with the frame body through chains in a flexible way.
The even dark earthing device such as sowing of foretell wheat, wherein: the seed sowing mechanism comprises a seed sowing chamber, a seed sowing wheel, a seed sowing pipe and a seed sowing plate; the seed discharging chamber is a hollow shell and is communicated with the inner cavity of the seed box; the seed sowing wheel is positioned inside the seed sowing chamber and is matched with the seed sowing shaft; the seed discharging pipe is communicated with the seed discharging chamber and the seed discharging disc; the seed sowing plate is positioned right behind the rotary tillage mechanism.
The even dark earthing device such as sowing of foretell wheat, wherein: the rotary tillage mechanism comprises a rotary tillage shaft and rotary tillage blades; the rotary tillage shaft is positioned between the two side plates of the frame body, and the central axis is vertical to the two side plates; the rotary tillage blades are uniformly and linearly distributed along the central axis of the rotary tillage shaft, are fixedly connected to the circumferential surface of the rotary tillage shaft and rotate along with the rotation of the rotary tillage shaft.
The even dark earthing device such as sowing of foretell wheat, wherein: the seeding box is a strip-shaped box body; the upper surface of the seeding box is an inclined surface; a plurality of equally distributed discharge ports are arranged below the sowing box.
The beneficial effects of the utility model reside in that: the rotary tillage and soil turning machine has the advantages of reasonable structure, convenient use, good sowing effect, stable and reliable operation, capability of separating soil from seeds during sowing, and integration of rotary tillage and soil turning, seed metering and sowing, soil covering and pressing functions; the method can realize the requirement of horizontal and uniform distribution of the field surface when small-sized seeds are sowed, achieves the cultivation purposes of saving seeds and fertilizers, resisting lodging and cost, and increasing yield, and has great significance for stabilizing the planting area of crops, saving the planting cost, improving the wheat planting benefit, promoting the yield increase and income increase, and realizing green, high-quality and high-efficiency.
Description of the drawings:
FIG. 1: the three-dimensional structure of the utility model is shown schematically;
FIG. 2: another schematic perspective structure of the utility model;
FIG. 3: the utility model discloses a rear view;
FIG. 4: the structure of the utility model is a schematic section view;
in the figure: 1-seed box, 2-frame body, 3-side baffle, 4-seeding mechanism, 5-seeding shaft, 6-rotary tillage mechanism, 7-seeding box, 8-soil separating roller, 9-press roller and 10-roller connecting mechanism.
The specific implementation mode is as follows:
the invention will be further explained with reference to the drawings and the detailed description below:
example (b): as shown in fig. 1-4, a deep soil covering device for uniformly sowing wheat and the like comprises a seed box 1, a frame body 2, a side baffle 3 and a seed sowing mechanism 4, wherein: the seed box 1 is a box body with an isosceles trapezoid cross section; two side surfaces of the seed box 1 are fixedly connected with the two side baffles 3; the side baffle 3 is fixedly connected to the frame body 2; the seed box 1 is assembled with a seed sowing mechanism 4; the seed sowing mechanism 4 is assembled with the seed sowing shaft 5; the seeding shaft 5 is fixedly connected to the side baffle 3; a rotary tillage mechanism 6 is fixedly connected to the frame body 2 at a position right below the seed box 1; a seeding box 7 and a soil separating roller 8 are fixedly connected to the frame body 2 at the rear position of the rotary tillage mechanism 6; a press roller 9 is arranged behind the seeding box 7 and the soil separating roller 8; the press roller 9 is fixedly connected with the frame body 2 through a roller connecting mechanism 10; wherein: the frame body 2 is a rectangular plate with two side plates and the cross section of the frame body is shaped "
Figure BDA0002145327140000041
Shape; the upper surface of the frame body 2 is parallel to the upper and lower surfaces of the seed box 1; the frame body 2 is positioned right below the seed box 1 and is fixedly connected with the seed box 1 through the side baffle 3; the side baffle 3 is vertical to the upper and lower surfaces of the seed box 1 and the upper surface of the frame body 2; the rotary tillage mechanism 6 is fixedly connected between the two side plates of the frame body 2; the rotary tillage mechanism 6 is positioned right below the seed box 1; wherein: the seed sowing mechanisms 4 are provided with a plurality of groups in total, are communicated with the inner cavity of the seed box 1 and are matched with the seed sowing shaft 5; the seeding shaft 5 is fixedly connected between the two side baffles 3; the central axis of the seeding shaft 5 is vertical to the surface of the side baffle 3; the plurality of groups of seed metering mechanisms 4 are arranged in a uniform linear array along the axis of the seed metering shaft 5; one end of the seed sowing mechanism 4 which is not connected with the seed box 1 is positioned right behind the rotary tillage mechanism 6; the seeding box 7 is a box body; the seeding box 7 is positioned between the two side plates of the frame body 2 and behind the rotary tillage mechanism 6 and is fixedly connected with the frame body 2; a soil separating roller 8 is arranged between the seeding box 7 and the rotary tillage mechanism 6; the soil separating roller 8 is fixedly connected between the two side plates of the frame body 2 and is vertical to the two side plates; the seed sowing mechanism 4 is communicated with the inner cavity of the sowing box 7; wherein: the roller connecting mechanism 10 includes a connecting plate and a chain; the end surfaces of two sides of the shaft of the press roller 9 are respectively and movably hinged with the frame body 2 through connecting plates; the end surfaces of two sides of the shaft of the compression roller 9 are respectively and fixedly connected with the frame body 2 through chains in a flexible way; wherein: the seed sowing mechanism 4 comprises a seed sowing chamber, a seed sowing wheel, a seed sowing pipe and a seed sowing plate; the seed discharging chamber is a hollow shell and is communicated with the inner cavity of the seed box 1; the seed sowing wheel is positioned inside the seed sowing chamber and is matched with the seed sowing shaft 5; the seed discharging pipe is communicated with the seed discharging chamber and the seed discharging disc; the seed sowing plate is positioned right behind the rotary tillage mechanism 6; wherein: the rotary tillage mechanism 6 comprises a rotary tillage shaft and rotary tillage blades; the rotary tillage shaft is positioned between the two side plates of the frame body 2, wherein the axis is vertical to the two side plates; the rotary tillage blades are uniformly and linearly distributed along the central axis of the rotary tillage shaft, are fixedly connected to the circumferential surface of the rotary tillage shaft and rotate along with the rotation of the rotary tillage shaft; wherein: the seeding box 7 is a strip-shaped box body; the upper surface of the seeding box 7 is an inclined surface; a plurality of equally distributed discharge ports are arranged below the sowing box 7.
When in work: the utility model is drawn by a tractor or other machines and outputs power; the seed sowing mechanisms 4 in a plurality of groups are driven by the seed sowing shaft 5 to discharge seeds from the seed box 1, then the seeds are discharged to the position between the sowing box 7 and the soil separating roller 8, and the seeds fall freely to the soil; meanwhile, the rotary tillage mechanism 6 turns up the soil, the turned-up soil is beaten to the front wall of the sowing box 7 and falls to the rear of the discharged seeds through the soil separating roller 8, and meanwhile, the utility model moves forwards to complete the earthing operation after sowing; then, the pressing operation is completed by the pressing roller 9. Wherein, the seeding operation has both been accomplished in the setting of seeding case 7, has guaranteed the separation of soil and the seed of arranging down again, divides soil roller 8 to spread soil evenly on the seed to make the orderly completion of whole rotary tillage, seeding, earthing, suppression operation.
Finally, it should be noted that: although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that modifications and variations can be made in the embodiments or in part of the technical features of the embodiments without departing from the spirit and the scope of the invention.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a wheat is evenly broadcast etc. dark earthing device, includes seed case (1), support body (2), side shield (3) and seed metering mechanism (4), its characterized in that: the seed box (1) is a box body with an isosceles trapezoid cross section; two side surfaces of the seed box (1) are fixedly connected with the two side baffles (3); the side baffle (3) is fixedly connected to the frame body (2); the seed box (1) is assembled with a seed sowing mechanism (4); the seed sowing mechanism (4) is assembled with the seed sowing shaft (5); the seed shaft (5) is fixedly connected to the side baffle (3); a rotary tillage mechanism (6) is fixedly connected to the frame body (2) at a position right below the seed box (1); a seeding box (7) and a soil separating roller (8) are fixedly connected to the frame body (2) at the rear position of the rotary tillage mechanism (6); a press roller (9) is arranged behind the seeding box (7) and the soil separating roller (8); the compression roller (9) is fixedly connected with the frame body (2) through a roller connecting mechanism (10).
2. The equal-depth soil covering device for uniformly sowing wheat according to claim 1, which is characterized in that: the frame body (2) is a rectangular plate with two side plates, and the cross section of the frame body is ; the upper surface of the frame body (2) is parallel to the upper surface and the lower surface of the seed box (1); the frame body (2) is positioned right below the seed box (1) and is fixedly connected with the seed box (1) through the side baffle (3); the side baffle (3) is vertical to the upper and lower surfaces of the seed box (1) and the upper surface of the frame body (2); the rotary tillage mechanism (6) is fixedly connected between the two side plates of the frame body (2); the rotary tillage mechanism (6) is positioned under the seed box (1).
3. The equal-depth soil covering device for uniformly sowing wheat according to claim 2, wherein: the seed metering mechanisms (4) are divided into a plurality of groups, communicated with the inner cavity of the seed box (1) and assembled with the seed metering shaft (5); the seed shaft (5) is fixedly connected between the two side baffles (3); the central axis of the seed shaft (5) is vertical to the surface of the side baffle (3); the plurality of groups of seed metering mechanisms (4) are uniformly and linearly arranged along the axis of the seed metering shaft (5); one end of the seed sowing mechanism (4) which is not connected with the seed box (1) is positioned right behind the rotary tillage mechanism (6); the seeding box (7) is a box body; the seeding box (7) is positioned between the two side plates of the frame body (2) and behind the rotary tillage mechanism (6) and is fixedly connected with the frame body (2); a soil separating roller (8) is arranged between the seeding box (7) and the rotary tillage mechanism (6); the soil separating roller (8) is fixedly connected between the two side plates of the frame body (2) and is vertical to the two side plates; the seed metering mechanism (4) is communicated with the inner cavity of the seeding box (7).
4. The equal-depth soil covering device for uniformly sowing wheat according to claim 2, wherein: the roller connecting mechanism (10) comprises a connecting plate and a chain; the end surfaces of two sides of the shaft of the compression roller (9) are respectively and movably hinged with the frame body (2) through connecting plates; the end faces of two sides of the shaft of the compression roller (9) are respectively and fixedly connected with the frame body (2) in a flexible way through chains.
5. The equal-depth soil covering device for uniformly sowing wheat according to claim 3, wherein: the seed sowing mechanism (4) comprises a seed sowing chamber, a seed sowing wheel, a seed sowing pipe and a seed sowing plate; the seed discharging chamber is a cavity shell and is communicated with the inner cavity of the seed box (1); the seed sowing wheel is positioned inside the seed sowing chamber and is assembled with the seed sowing shaft (5); the seed discharging pipe is communicated with the seed discharging chamber and the seed discharging disc; the seed sowing plate is positioned right behind the rotary tillage mechanism (6).
6. The equal-depth soil covering device for uniformly sowing wheat according to claim 3, wherein: the rotary tillage mechanism (6) comprises a rotary tillage shaft and rotary tillage blades; the rotary tillage shaft is positioned between the two side plates of the frame body (2), wherein the axis is vertical to the two side plates; the rotary tillage blades are uniformly and linearly distributed along the central axis of the rotary tillage shaft, are fixedly connected to the circumferential surface of the rotary tillage shaft and rotate along with the rotation of the rotary tillage shaft.
7. The equal-depth soil covering device for uniformly sowing wheat according to claim 3, wherein: the seeding box (7) is a strip-shaped box body; the upper surface of the seeding box (7) is an inclined surface; a plurality of equally distributed discharge ports are arranged below the sowing box (7).
CN201921191667.9U 2019-07-26 2019-07-26 Uniform-sowing equal-depth soil covering device for wheat Expired - Fee Related CN210406123U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110352643A (en) * 2019-07-26 2019-10-22 宁夏农林科学院农作物研究所(宁夏回族自治区农作物育种中心) Wheat is even the deep covering device such as to broadcast

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110352643A (en) * 2019-07-26 2019-10-22 宁夏农林科学院农作物研究所(宁夏回族自治区农作物育种中心) Wheat is even the deep covering device such as to broadcast

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