CN210398680U - Energy-saving environment-friendly street lamp - Google Patents

Energy-saving environment-friendly street lamp Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210398680U
CN210398680U CN201921230751.7U CN201921230751U CN210398680U CN 210398680 U CN210398680 U CN 210398680U CN 201921230751 U CN201921230751 U CN 201921230751U CN 210398680 U CN210398680 U CN 210398680U
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China
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gear
motor
generator
power generation
energy
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Application number
CN201921230751.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘晶
方丹
刘桂荣
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Zhongying (Shenzhen) Energy Technology Group Co.,Ltd.
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刘晶
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Priority to CN201921230751.7U priority Critical patent/CN210398680U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/30Wind power
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B20/00Energy efficient lighting technologies, e.g. halogen lamps or gas discharge lamps
    • Y02B20/72Energy efficient lighting technologies, e.g. halogen lamps or gas discharge lamps in street lighting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/728Onshore wind turbines
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin

Abstract

The utility model provides an energy-saving and environment-friendly street lamp, which comprises a lamp post; the lighting mechanism is arranged on the lamp post; the lamp post is arranged on the lamp post and comprises a lamp post, a wind power generation mechanism and a control module, wherein the lamp post is arranged on the lamp post, the wind power generation mechanism comprises a fan blade, a generator and a first motor, the generator and the first motor are respectively in transmission connection with the fan blade, and the input power of the first motor is smaller than the output power of the generator; the solar power generation mechanism comprises a solar cell panel movably connected to the lamp post; the electric energy storage mechanism is arranged on the lamp post and is electrically connected with the lighting mechanism, the generator, the first motor and the solar cell panel; and the control mechanism is arranged on the lamp post and comprises a micro control unit and a first photosensitive sensor. The utility model discloses a be equipped with the wind energy power generation mechanism of first motor, even also can order about the fan blade through first motor under the condition of breeze and start for the generator continuously produces the electric energy, thereby has solved the technical problem that the complementary street lamp of scene is difficult to start the fan blade under the condition of breeze effectively.

Description

Energy-saving environment-friendly street lamp
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the illumination lamps and lanterns, more specifically say, relate to an energy-concerving and environment-protective street lamp.
Background
With the process of urbanization becoming faster and faster, the street lamps for urban illumination also become more and more energy-consuming. According to statistics, the number of urban street lamps in China exceeds one hundred million by 2015 year, the annual power consumption is about 590 hundred million degrees, and the power consumption accounts for about 30% of the total national lighting power consumption. The electric power of the existing street lamp mainly comes from the traditional petrochemical energy power generation, China faces the dilemma of environmental pollution and energy crisis for a long time, and China faces huge energy conservation and emission reduction pressure internationally. Therefore, the development of renewable clean energy will be the subject of future energy development. In addition, the traditional street lamp also needs to be laid with cables, so that the cost is extremely high, and the problem of energy loss in the power transmission process cannot be ignored.
As is well known, solar energy and wind energy are inexhaustible clean energy, and if the solar energy and the wind energy are reasonably utilized and converted into electric energy, the electric quantity consumption of urban street lamps can be completely met. At present, wind and solar energy can be utilized to the maximum extent by a wind and solar energy complementary street lamp system, and a small-sized solar power generation system, a small-sized wind power generation system and a street lamp are generally integrated by the wind and solar energy complementary street lamp system. However, the wind power generation system in the wind-solar hybrid street lamp system has low power generation efficiency at present, and particularly under the condition of breeze (2-3 wind), the fan blades are difficult to start and almost cannot generate power, so that the wind power generation and the solar power generation cannot reach a good complementary state in a time period with insufficient sunshine, the most direct influence is to shorten the lighting time of the street lamp, and inconvenience is caused to people going out.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at providing an energy-concerving and environment-protective street lamp, including but not limited to solving the technical problem that wind-solar complementary street lamp is difficult to start the fan blade under the condition of breeze.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides an energy-concerving and environment-protective street lamp, include:
a lamp post;
the illuminating mechanism is arranged on the lamp post;
the lamp post is arranged on the lamp post and comprises a lamp post, a wind power generation mechanism and a control module, wherein the lamp post is arranged on the lamp post, the wind power generation mechanism comprises a fan blade, a generator and a first motor, the generator is electrically connected with the lighting mechanism, the first motor is arranged beside the generator, the generator and the first motor are respectively in transmission connection with the fan blade, and the input power of the first motor is smaller than the output power of the generator;
the solar power generation mechanism comprises a solar panel, and the solar panel is movably connected to the lamp post;
the electric energy storage mechanism is arranged on the lamp post and is electrically connected with the lighting mechanism, the generator, the first motor and the solar panel; and
the control mechanism is arranged on the lamp post and comprises a micro control unit and a first photosensitive sensor, and the micro control unit is electrically connected with the first photosensitive sensor, the lighting mechanism, the generator, the first motor and the electric energy storage mechanism.
Further, the fan blade with the one end fastening of generator spindle is connected, wind power generation mechanism still includes:
and the gear set comprises a first gear and a second gear, the first gear is fixedly connected with the other end of the generator crankshaft, the second gear is fixedly connected with the crankshaft of the first motor, the first gear and the second gear are detachably meshed, and the outer diameter of the first gear is larger than that of the second gear.
Optionally, the wind power generation mechanism further includes:
the connecting shaft group comprises a first connecting shaft and a second connecting shaft, and the first connecting shaft and the second connecting shaft are respectively distributed at the sides of the generator and the first motor;
the gear set further includes:
the third gear is sleeved on the first connecting shaft and meshed with the first gear, and the outer diameter of the third gear is smaller than that of the first gear;
the fourth gear is sleeved on the first connecting shaft, and the outer diameter of the fourth gear is smaller than that of the third gear;
the fifth gear is sleeved on the second connecting shaft and meshed with the fourth gear; and
and the sixth gear is sleeved on the second connecting shaft and separably meshed with the second gear, and the outer diameter of the sixth gear is larger than that of the fifth gear.
Further, the fan blade includes:
the support is fixedly connected with a crankshaft of the generator;
the bracket surrounds the outer side of the support;
a first blade group comprising seven first blades which are connected between the support and the bracket at equal intervals; and
and the second blade group comprises nine second blades which are connected to the outer surface of the bracket at equal intervals.
Further, the illumination mechanism includes:
at least two LED lamp sets which are connected in parallel; the LED lamp bank comprises a plurality of LED lamp beads, and the LED lamp beads are connected in parallel.
Further, the energy-saving and environment-friendly street lamp further comprises:
the protective cover is fixed at the top end of the lamp pole, and the wind power generation mechanism is contained in the protective cover.
Optionally, the energy-saving and environment-friendly street lamp further comprises:
the first driving assembly is arranged at the top end of the lamp pole and is in transmission connection with the wind power generation mechanism and used for driving the wind power generation mechanism to rotate.
Further, the solar power generation mechanism further includes:
the illumination tracking assembly is fixed on the side of the solar cell panel and comprises a base, a shading cylinder and a photosensitive sensor group, the top surface of the base is flush with the solar cell panel, the shading cylinder is fixed on the top surface of the base, the photosensitive sensor group is fixed on the top surface of the base and is electrically connected with the micro control unit, the photosensitive sensor group comprises at least four photosensitive sensors, and the at least four photosensitive sensors surround the tangent line on the outer side of the shading cylinder; and
and the second driving assembly is arranged at the top end of the protective cover, is electrically connected with the micro control unit, is in transmission connection with the solar cell panel and is used for adjusting the angle of the solar cell panel.
Optionally, the photosensitive sensor group includes a second photosensitive sensor, a third photosensitive sensor, a fourth photosensitive sensor and a fifth light sensor, and the second photosensitive sensor, the third photosensitive sensor, the fourth photosensitive sensor and the fifth light sensor are respectively distributed in the east, south, west and north directions of the light shielding cylinder.
Optionally, the second drive assembly comprises:
the third motor is arranged at the top end of the protective cover;
the fourth motor is positioned on the top side of the third motor and is fixedly connected with a crankshaft of the third motor, and the crankshaft of the third motor extends in the vertical direction; and
and one end of the connecting rod is fixedly connected with a crankshaft of the fourth motor, the other end of the connecting rod is fixedly connected with the solar cell panel, and the crankshaft of the fourth motor extends along the east-west direction.
The utility model provides an energy-concerving and environment-protective street lamp's beneficial effect lies in: the wind power generation mechanism with the first motor is adopted, the fan blades can be driven to start through the first motor even under the condition of breeze, the generator can continuously generate electric energy, the technical problem that the fan blades are difficult to start in the condition of breeze of the wind-solar hybrid street lamp is effectively solved, the power generation efficiency of the wind power generation mechanism is improved, the defect that the solar power generation mechanism cannot convert the electric energy at night is overcome, the sufficient electric quantity for the lighting mechanism is guaranteed, and the application range of the energy-saving and environment-friendly street lamp is expanded.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings required for the embodiments or the prior art descriptions will be briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art to obtain other drawings without inventive labor.
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of an energy-saving and environment-friendly street lamp provided by an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a block diagram of an energy-saving and environment-friendly street lamp provided by the embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a flow chart of a wind power generation mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is an internal structural view of a wind power generation mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic rear view of a wind power generation mechanism provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic perspective view of a solar power generation mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic top view of a solar power generation mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Wherein, in the figures, the respective reference numerals:
1-energy-saving environment-friendly street lamp, 10-lamp pole, 20-lighting mechanism, 30-wind power generation mechanism, 40-solar power generation mechanism, 50-electric energy storage mechanism, 70-protective cover, 80-first drive component, 31-fan blade, 32-generator, 33-first motor, 36-machine shell, 41-solar panel, 42-illumination tracking component, 43-second drive component, 61-micro control unit, 62-first photosensitive sensor, 200-LED lamp group, 311-support, 312-bracket, 313-first blade, 314-second blade, 320-generator shaft, 341-first gear, 342-second gear, 343-third gear, 344-fourth gear, 345-fifth gear, 346-sixth gear, 351-first connecting shaft, 352-second connecting shaft, 421-first gear, 422-shading cylinder, 423-photosensitive sensor group, 431-third motor, 432-fourth motor, 431-fourth motor, 433-link, 800-crankshaft of second motor, 4231-second photosensor, 4232-third photosensor, 4233-fourth photosensor, 4234-fifth photosensor, 4310-crankshaft of third motor, 4320-crankshaft of fourth motor.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical problem, technical solution and advantageous effects to be solved by the present invention more clearly understood, the following description is given in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments to illustrate the present invention in further detail. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
It should be noted that: when an element is referred to as being "secured to" or "disposed on" another element, it can be directly on the other element or be indirectly on the other element. When an element is referred to as being "connected to" another element, it can be directly or indirectly connected to the other element. When a component is referred to as being "electrically connected" to another component, it can be electrically connected by conductors, or can be electrically connected by radios, or can be connected by various other means capable of carrying electrical signals. The terms "east", "south", "west", "north", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, are for convenience of description only, and do not indicate or imply that the referred devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus are not to be construed as limiting the patent, and the specific meanings of the above terms will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art according to specific circumstances. The terms "first", "second", etc. are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features. The term "plurality" means two or more unless specifically limited otherwise.
Referring to fig. 1 to fig. 3, the energy-saving and environment-friendly street lamp provided by the present invention will now be described. The energy-saving environment-friendly street lamp 1 comprises a lamp post 10, a lighting mechanism 20, a wind power generation mechanism 30, a solar power generation mechanism 40, an electric energy storage mechanism 50 and a control mechanism, wherein the lighting mechanism 20, the wind power generation mechanism 30, the solar power generation mechanism 40, the electric energy storage mechanism 50 and the control mechanism are all arranged on the lamp post 10; here, the wind power generating mechanism 30 includes a wind blade 31, a generator 32 and a first motor 33, the generator 32 is electrically connected to the lighting mechanism 20, and can directly supply power to the lighting mechanism 20, the first motor 33 is disposed beside the generator 32, the generator 32 and the first motor 33 are respectively in transmission connection with the wind blade 31, and the input power of the first motor 33 is smaller than the output power of the generator 32, the solar power generating mechanism 40 includes a solar panel 41, the solar panel 41 is movably connected to the light pole 10, the electric energy storage mechanism 50 is electrically connected to the lighting mechanism 20, the generator 32, the first motor 33 and the solar panel 41, and can supply power to the lighting mechanism 20 and the first motor 33, and can also store the electric quantity output by the generator 32 and the solar panel 41, the control mechanism includes a micro control unit 61 and a first photosensitive sensor 62, the Micro Control Unit (MCU)60 is disposed in the inner cavity of the light pole 10, the first photosensitive sensor 62 is used for detecting the illumination intensity to trigger the micro control unit 61 to start or stop the lighting mechanism 20, and may be fixed on the outer surface of the light pole 10, or may be fixed on the top of the lighting mechanism 20, where the first photosensitive sensor 62 is not limited uniquely, and the micro control unit 61 is electrically connected to the first photosensitive sensor 62, the lighting mechanism 20, the generator 32, the first motor 33 and the electric energy storage mechanism 50, that is, the control mechanism may control the energy-saving and environment-friendly street lamp 1 to automatically operate according to a preset program.
The working process of the energy-saving environment-friendly street lamp 1 is as follows: in the daytime state, the solar power generation mechanism 40 converts solar energy into electric energy through the solar cell panel 41, the electric energy storage mechanism 50 stores the converted electric energy in the energy storage battery, and in the night state, the solar power generation mechanism 40 stops working due to low power generation efficiency; the wind power generation mechanism 30 is always in a working state, when the wind power is enough to drive the fan blade 31 to rotate, the fan blade 31 drives the generator 32 to operate to generate electric energy, this electric energy can be stored in the energy storage battery or directly used by the lighting means 20, and at low wind speeds (lower than or equal to 2-3 wind), when the wind is not sufficient to activate the blades 31, the mcu 61 first gives an operation command to the first motor 33, and controls the electric energy storage mechanism 50 to supply electric energy to the first motor 33, then the first motor 33 drives the fan blade 31 to start, the fan blade 31 drives the generator 32 to operate to generate electric energy, at this time, the voltage sensor in the control mechanism detects the voltage output by the generator 32, if the voltage is greater than 0.6 v, the micro control unit 61 turns off the first motor 33, and if the voltage is less than or equal to 0.6 v, the first motor 33 continues to operate to drive the fan blade 31 to rotate. Thus, during the day, the lighting mechanism 20 is in the off state, and the electric energy converted by the solar panel 41 and the electric energy generated by the generator 32 are both stored in the energy storage battery of the electric energy storage mechanism 50; when the night shade is up and the intensity of the light detected by the first light sensor 62 is lower than a certain threshold value, the micro control unit 61 will issue an operation instruction to the lighting mechanism 20 and control the electric energy storage mechanism 50 to supply power to the lighting mechanism 20 or directly supply power to the lighting mechanism 20 by the engine 32, and the lighting mechanism 20 starts to provide the illumination to the road.
In the present invention, the generator 32 is preferably a permanent magnet generator of kawasaki 35JNEH250, and the first electric machine 33 is preferably a permanent magnet electric motor. Because the current of the first motor 33 only needs 20 milliamperes during operation, once the fan blade 31 is started, the fan blade 31 keeps rotating under the action of 2-3 grades of wind, and the generator 32 can generate and output 300 milliamperes of current, the electric quantity loss of the first motor 33 can be almost ignored, namely, the problem that the electric quantity generated by the generator 32 is completely consumed by the first motor 33 does not exist.
The utility model provides an energy-concerving and environment-protective street lamp 1, adopted the wind energy power generation mechanism 30 that is equipped with first motor 33, even also can order about fan blade 31 through first motor 33 under the condition of breeze and start, make generator 32 produce the electric energy continuously, thereby solved the technical problem that wind-solar complementary street lamp is difficult to start the fan blade under the condition of breeze effectively, the generating efficiency of wind energy power generation mechanism 30 has been promoted, compensate the defect that solar power generation mechanism 40 can't change the electric energy at night, guaranteed to provide sufficient electric quantity for lighting mechanism 20, the application scope of energy-concerving and environment-protective street lamp 1 has been enlarged.
Further, please refer to fig. 4, as a specific embodiment of the energy-saving and environment-friendly street lamp provided by the present invention, the fan blade 31 is fastened to one end of the generator shaft 320, and the wind power generating mechanism 30 further includes a gear set including a first gear 341 and a second gear 342, wherein the first gear 341 is fastened to the other end of the generator shaft 320, the second gear 342 is fastened to the first motor 33, the first gear 341 is detachably engaged with the second gear 342, and the outer diameter of the first gear 341 is larger than the outer diameter of the second gear 342. Specifically, the crankshaft 320 of the generator is inserted into the rotor of the generator 32 and penetrates through the housing of the generator 32, one end of the crankshaft 320 of the generator is fixedly connected to the fan blade 31, the other end of the crankshaft 320 of the engine is fixedly connected to the first gear 341, the crankshaft of the first motor 33 is inserted into the rotor of the first motor 33, and the rotor of the first motor 33 can move linearly in the inner cavity of the stator of the first motor 33 along the axis of the crankshaft of the first motor 33. When the first motor 33 is started, the second gear 342 and the first gear 341 can drive the crankshaft 320 of the generator to rotate the fan 31. Because the outer diameter of the second gear 342 is smaller than that of the first gear 341, the first motor 33 only needs to consume less electric power to generate a larger torque to drive the fan blade 31 to start; when the fan blade 31 is driven by wind to normally rotate, that is, when the control circuit of the control mechanism detects that the driving current of the first motor 33 reaches more than 60 milliamperes or less than 10 milliamperes, the micro control unit 61 cuts off the driving current of the first motor 33, at this time, the shaft of the first motor 33 retracts a certain distance into the housing of the first motor 33, and drives the second gear 342 to separate from the first gear 341, so that the first motor 33 is prevented from generating resistance to the operation of the generator 32, and the power generation efficiency of the wind power generation mechanism 30 is effectively improved.
Optionally, referring to fig. 4, as a specific implementation manner of the energy-saving and environment-friendly street lamp provided by the present invention, the wind power generation mechanism 30 further includes a connecting shaft set, the connecting shaft set includes a first connecting shaft 351 and a second connecting shaft 352, and the first connecting shaft 351 and the second connecting shaft 352 are respectively distributed at the sides of the generator 32 and the first motor 33; meanwhile, the gear set further includes a third gear 343, a fourth gear 344, a fifth gear 345 and a sixth gear 346, wherein the third gear 343 is fitted over the first connecting shaft 351 to be engaged with the first gear 341, and an outer diameter of the third gear 343 is smaller than an outer diameter of the first gear 341, the fourth gear 344 is fitted over the first connecting shaft 351, and an outer diameter of the fourth gear 344 is smaller than an outer diameter of the third gear 343, the fifth gear 345 is fitted over the second connecting shaft 352 to be engaged with the fourth gear 344, the sixth gear 346 is fitted over the second connecting shaft 352 to be separably engaged with the second gear 342, and an outer diameter of the sixth gear 346 is larger than an outer diameter of the fifth gear 345. Thus, the first connecting shaft 351, the second connecting shaft 352, the third gear 343, the fourth gear 344, the fifth gear 345 and the sixth gear 346 are matched with the first gear 341 and the second gear 342, so that the speed reduction ratio between the first motor 33 and the engine 32 can reach 1: 50, thereby further reducing the resistance that the first motor 33 drives the fan blade 31 to start, greatly reducing the working energy consumption of the first motor 33.
Further, please refer to fig. 4 and 5, as a specific embodiment of the energy-saving and environment-friendly street lamp provided by the present invention, the fan blade 31 includes a support 311, a support 312, a first blade group and a second blade group, wherein the support 311 is fastened to a crankshaft 320 of the generator, the support 312 surrounds the outside of the support 311, the first blade group includes seven first blades 313, the seven first blades 313 are connected between the support 311 and the support 312 at equal intervals, the second blade group includes nine second blades 314, and the nine second blades 314 are connected to the outer surface of the support 312 at equal intervals. Specifically, the outer contour of the support 311 is cylindrical, one end of the crankshaft 320 of the generator is inserted into the center of the support 311, the outer contour of the bracket 312 is annular, the first blade 313 includes a narrow end and a wide end, wherein the narrow end is connected to the outer surface of the support 311, the wide end is connected to the inner surface of the bracket 312, and the narrow end is twisted and transited to the wide end, the second blade 314 is connected to the outer surface of the bracket 312 in an inclined manner, and the support 311, the bracket 312, the first blade 313 and the second blade 314 are all made of ABS plastic or polycarbonate with carbon fiber materials added thereto, so that the blade 31 of the outer nine-inner seven-layer blade structure has the advantages of light weight, corrosion resistance, high and low temperature resistance, high wind resistance efficiency, low starting wind speed and the like, and can effectively improve the power generation efficiency of the wind power generation mechanism 30.
Further, please refer to fig. 1 and fig. 2, as a specific implementation manner of the energy-saving and environment-friendly street lamp provided by the present invention, the illuminating mechanism 20 includes at least two LED lamp sets 200, the at least two LED lamp sets 200 are connected in parallel, and each LED lamp set 200 includes a plurality of LED lamp beads, which are connected in parallel. Here, the lighting mechanism 20 includes four LED lamp groups 200, each LED lamp group 200 includes forty LED lamp beads, that is, the forty LED lamp beads are connected in parallel to form one LED lamp group 200, and the four LED lamp groups 200 are connected in parallel to form a complete lighting source, so that the whole lighting mechanism 20 can realize the lighting brightness with the total power of 80 w only by 3.8 v of supply voltage, and compared with the series connection mode, the energy loss can be reduced by nearly 50%, and the difficulty in maintaining the lighting circuit can be effectively reduced. Of course, according to specific situations and requirements, in other embodiments of the present invention, the lighting mechanism 20 may include two, three or more LED lamp sets 200, and each LED lamp set 200 may contain twenty, thirty or more LED lamp beads, which is not limited herein.
Further, please refer to fig. 1, as the utility model provides an energy-concerving and environment-protective street lamp's a specific implementation, energy-concerving and environment-protective street lamp 1 still includes protection casing 70, this protection casing 70 is fixed on the top of lamp pole 10, and simultaneously, wind power generation mechanism 30 holding is in protection casing 70, and protection casing 70 wraps up in the outside of wind power generation mechanism 30 promptly for prevent that foreign object from touching fan blade 31, generator 32 and first motor 33, reduced the fault rate of wind power generation mechanism 30 effectively, prolonged the life of wind power generation mechanism 30.
Optionally, please refer to fig. 1 and fig. 5, as a specific implementation manner of the energy-saving and environment-friendly street lamp provided by the present invention, the energy-saving and environment-friendly street lamp 1 further includes a first driving assembly 80, the first driving assembly 80 is disposed at the top end of the lamp post 10, and the first driving assembly 80 is in transmission connection with the wind power generation mechanism 30, so as to drive the wind power generation mechanism 30 to rotate. Specifically, the first driving assembly 80 extends into the protective cover 70 from the top end of the lamp pole 10, and the first driving assembly 80 includes a second motor (not shown), and the wind power generation mechanism 30 further includes a housing 36, wherein the generator 32, the first motor 33, the gear set and the connecting shaft set are all disposed in the housing 36, one end of the generator shaft 320 extends out of the housing 36 to be tightly connected with the fan blade 31, the second motor shaft 800 is tightly connected with the housing 36, and the second motor shaft 800 extends in a vertical direction, so that the wind power generation mechanism 30 can be driven to rotate integrally around the axis of the second motor shaft 800. Therefore, the micro control unit 61 can adjust the orientation of the fan blades 31 through the second motor according to the wind direction change, which is beneficial to improving the utilization rate of wind energy, and thus the generating efficiency of the wind power generating mechanism 30 is improved.
Further, please refer to fig. 1 and fig. 6, as a specific implementation manner of the energy-saving and environment-friendly street lamp provided by the present invention, the solar power generation mechanism 40 further includes an illumination tracking assembly 42 and a second driving assembly 43, wherein the illumination tracking assembly 42 is fixed at the side of the solar cell panel 41, the illumination tracking assembly 42 includes a base 421, a light shielding cylinder 422 and a photosensitive sensor group 423, the top surface of the base 421 is flush with the solar cell panel 41, the light shielding cylinder 422 and the photosensitive sensor group 423 are respectively fixed on the top surface of the base 421, the photosensitive sensor group 423 is electrically connected with the micro control unit 61, and the photosensitive sensor group 423 includes at least four photosensitive sensors, at least four photosensitive sensors surround on the outer tangent line of the light shielding cylinder 422; the second driving assembly 43 is disposed on the top of the protection cover 70 and electrically connected with the micro control unit 61, and the second driving assembly 43 is in transmission connection with the solar cell panel 41 for adjusting the angle of the solar cell panel 41. When sunlight irradiates on the solar power generation mechanism 40, if the illumination intensities received by all the photosensitive sensors are the same, the micro control unit 61 can obtain that the sunlight is vertical to the solar cell panel 41, and at this time, the inclination angle of the solar cell panel 41 does not need to be adjusted; along with the time, the azimuth angle of the sun changes, one part of the photosensitive sensors receive illumination, the other part of the photosensitive sensors cannot receive the illumination due to the fact that the other part of the photosensitive sensors are shielded by the shading cylinder 22 or the received illumination intensity is weak, at the moment, the micro control unit 61 can obtain that the solar ray and the solar panel 41 are in a non-vertical state, so that the micro control unit 61 sends a starting instruction to the second driving assembly 43, the second driving assembly 43 can drive the solar panel 41 to adjust the inclination angle of the solar panel until the solar panel 41 is perpendicular to the solar ray, automatic illumination tracking is achieved, the time of receiving strong solar illumination in one day can be increased from four hours to eight hours, and the power generation efficiency of the solar power generation mechanism 40 is effectively improved.
Optionally, referring to fig. 7, as a specific embodiment of the energy-saving and environment-friendly street lamp provided by the present invention, the photosensor group 423 includes a second photosensor 4231, a third photosensor 4232, a fourth photosensor 4233 and a fifth photo sensor 4234, wherein the second photosensor 4231, the third photosensor 4232, the fourth photosensor 4233 and the fifth photo sensor 4234 are respectively distributed in the east, south, west and north directions of the shading cylinder 4422, that is, the second photosensor 4231, the third photosensor 4232, the fourth photosensor 4233 and the fifth photo sensor 4234 are respectively distributed on the right side, the lower side, the left side and the upper side of the shading cylinder 422, so as to achieve all-around detection of the irradiation intensity of sunlight on the solar cell panel 41, improve the tracking accuracy of the solar power generation mechanism 40, and reduce the number of photosensors as much as possible, thereby reducing the production cost of the solar power generation mechanism 40.
Optionally, please refer to fig. 1 and fig. 6, as a specific embodiment of the energy-saving and environment-friendly street lamp provided by the present invention, the second driving assembly 43 includes a third motor 431, a fourth motor 432 and a connecting rod 433, wherein the third motor 431 is disposed at the top end of the protective cover 70, the fourth motor 432 is disposed at the top side of the third motor 431, the fourth motor 432 is fastened to a crankshaft 4310 of the third motor, the crankshaft 4310 of the third motor extends along the vertical direction, one end of the connecting rod 433 is fastened to a crankshaft 4320 of the fourth motor, the other end of the connecting rod 433 is fastened to the solar cell panel 41, and the crankshaft 4320 of the fourth motor extends along the east-west direction. Specifically, the third motor 431 is a rotating motor, the fourth motor 432 is a swinging motor, a housing of the third motor 431 is fixed at the top end of the protective cover 70, the housing of the fourth motor 432 is fixedly connected with a crankshaft 4310 of the third motor, one end of a connecting rod 433 is sleeved on the crankshaft 4320 of the fourth motor, the other end of the connecting rod 433 is fixed at the bottom of the solar panel 41, when the fourth motor 432 is started, the connecting rod 433 can drive the solar panel 41 to swing up and down in the north-south direction around the axis of the crankshaft 4320 of the fourth motor, when the solar panel 41 needs to adjust the inclination angle in other directions, the third motor 431 is started first to drive the fourth motor 432 and the connecting rod 433 to drive the solar panel 41 to rotate until the north-south direction of the solar panel 41 coincides with the direction, then the fourth motor 432 is started, the solar panel 41 is driven to swing up and down around the axis of the crankshaft 4320 of the fourth motor through the connecting rod 433, thereby enabling adjustment of the tilt angle of the solar cell panel 41 in this orientation.
Optionally, as the utility model provides an energy-concerving and environment-protective street lamp's a specific embodiment, a shading section of thick bamboo 422 is cylindricly. Specifically, the height of the light shielding cylinder 422 is 40 to 100 mm, and the diameter of the light shielding cylinder 22 is 40 to 60 mm. Experiments prove that: compared with a triangular prism, a quadrangular prism or an elliptic cylinder, the cylindrical shading cylinder 422 has better shading effect, and is beneficial to improving the tracking efficiency of the illumination tracking mechanism 20.
The above description is only exemplary of the present invention and should not be taken as limiting the scope of the present invention, as any modifications, equivalents, improvements and the like made within the spirit and principles of the present invention are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. Energy-concerving and environment-protective street lamp, its characterized in that includes:
a lamp post;
the illuminating mechanism is arranged on the lamp post;
the lamp post is arranged on the lamp post and comprises a lamp post, a wind power generation mechanism and a control module, wherein the lamp post is arranged on the lamp post, the wind power generation mechanism comprises a fan blade, a generator and a first motor, the generator is electrically connected with the lighting mechanism, the first motor is arranged beside the generator, the generator and the first motor are respectively in transmission connection with the fan blade, and the input power of the first motor is smaller than the output power of the generator;
the solar power generation mechanism comprises a solar panel, and the solar panel is movably connected to the lamp post;
the electric energy storage mechanism is arranged on the lamp post and is electrically connected with the lighting mechanism, the generator, the first motor and the solar panel; and
the control mechanism is arranged on the lamp post and comprises a micro control unit and a first photosensitive sensor, and the micro control unit is electrically connected with the first photosensitive sensor, the lighting mechanism, the generator, the first motor and the electric energy storage mechanism.
2. The energy-saving and environment-friendly street lamp as claimed in claim 1, wherein the fan blade is fastened to one end of the generator shaft, and the wind power generation mechanism further comprises:
and the gear set comprises a first gear and a second gear, the first gear is fixedly connected with the other end of the generator crankshaft, the second gear is fixedly connected with the crankshaft of the first motor, the first gear and the second gear are detachably meshed, and the outer diameter of the first gear is larger than that of the second gear.
3. The energy-saving and environment-friendly street lamp as claimed in claim 2, wherein the wind power generation mechanism further comprises:
the connecting shaft group comprises a first connecting shaft and a second connecting shaft, and the first connecting shaft and the second connecting shaft are respectively distributed at the sides of the generator and the first motor;
the gear set further includes:
the third gear is sleeved on the first connecting shaft and meshed with the first gear, and the outer diameter of the third gear is smaller than that of the first gear;
the fourth gear is sleeved on the first connecting shaft, and the outer diameter of the fourth gear is smaller than that of the third gear;
the fifth gear is sleeved on the second connecting shaft and meshed with the fourth gear; and
and the sixth gear is sleeved on the second connecting shaft and separably meshed with the second gear, and the outer diameter of the sixth gear is larger than that of the fifth gear.
4. The energy-saving environment-friendly street lamp as claimed in claim 2, wherein the fan blade comprises:
the support is fixedly connected with a crankshaft of the generator;
the bracket surrounds the outer side of the support;
a first blade group comprising seven first blades which are connected between the support and the bracket at equal intervals; and
and the second blade group comprises nine second blades which are connected to the outer surface of the bracket at equal intervals.
5. The energy-saving and environment-friendly street lamp according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the illumination mechanism comprises:
at least two LED lamp sets which are connected in parallel; the LED lamp bank comprises a plurality of LED lamp beads, and the LED lamp beads are connected in parallel.
6. The energy-saving environment-friendly street lamp according to claim 5, further comprising:
the protective cover is fixed at the top end of the lamp pole, and the wind power generation mechanism is contained in the protective cover.
7. The energy-saving environment-friendly street lamp according to claim 6, further comprising:
the first driving assembly is arranged at the top end of the lamp pole and is in transmission connection with the wind power generation mechanism and used for driving the wind power generation mechanism to rotate.
8. The energy-saving and environment-friendly street lamp according to claim 6, wherein the solar power generation mechanism further comprises:
the illumination tracking assembly is fixed on the side of the solar cell panel and comprises a base, a shading cylinder and a photosensitive sensor group, the top surface of the base is flush with the solar cell panel, the shading cylinder is fixed on the top surface of the base, the photosensitive sensor group is fixed on the top surface of the base and is electrically connected with the micro control unit, the photosensitive sensor group comprises at least four photosensitive sensors, and the at least four photosensitive sensors surround the tangent line on the outer side of the shading cylinder; and
and the second driving assembly is arranged at the top end of the protective cover, is electrically connected with the micro control unit, is in transmission connection with the solar cell panel and is used for adjusting the angle of the solar cell panel.
9. The energy-saving and environment-friendly street lamp as claimed in claim 8, wherein the photosensitive sensor group comprises a second photosensitive sensor, a third photosensitive sensor, a fourth photosensitive sensor and a fifth photo sensor, and the second photosensitive sensor, the third photosensitive sensor, the fourth photosensitive sensor and the fifth photo sensor are respectively distributed in the east, south, west and north directions of the shading cylinder.
10. The energy-saving and environment-friendly street lamp according to claim 9, wherein the second driving assembly comprises:
the third motor is arranged at the top end of the protective cover;
the fourth motor is positioned on the top side of the third motor and is fixedly connected with a crankshaft of the third motor, and the crankshaft of the third motor extends in the vertical direction; and
and one end of the connecting rod is fixedly connected with a crankshaft of the fourth motor, the other end of the connecting rod is fixedly connected with the solar cell panel, and the crankshaft of the fourth motor extends along the east-west direction.
CN201921230751.7U 2019-07-30 2019-07-30 Energy-saving environment-friendly street lamp Active CN210398680U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921230751.7U CN210398680U (en) 2019-07-30 2019-07-30 Energy-saving environment-friendly street lamp

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921230751.7U CN210398680U (en) 2019-07-30 2019-07-30 Energy-saving environment-friendly street lamp

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210398680U true CN210398680U (en) 2020-04-24

Family

ID=70357715

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921230751.7U Active CN210398680U (en) 2019-07-30 2019-07-30 Energy-saving environment-friendly street lamp

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210398680U (en)

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